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Jb MMt iSf^WlMOfl* 

Treasure fjiVand. 

' or -Tecuhjh- [fJifid ' II mATl>«lniljr mI4 Ifiai n iiiw«Tthjr lonnk 
wSih Robw-.tQ^Cnaot*'" —Daily iiffwi^ 


prnjlurlc (hr chance of px\yt}rm \a^j\^ itic lx»k dawn t)c1^Tc mc Liul 
CAtrEono. A S«qufl to " Mdnippedr 

The Master of BallttntrA«< 

" In ibii VDik Mr. Stcvtnsja iurp*ue» All bli foFiner pcKonn«iioHi * 

Iftldnd NJchtA' Bnt«rtainnients. 

"Thm cif (lie belt iiofic* IbiLi >Vi. Su'uiioci hu ovti rlvta loilw 

world."-- ri- W^id, 

Tbft Brack Arrow. 

'^'Thr UWX Arrt^v' 1.nii been )i]«ly minpucd. oail noi 10 b> div' 

The Wrvckcr. 

^ .J. M. Barrier 

Sentimental Tommy. Tbc Story of hl< noyhuud. 

lomi: of hi* Ikncct biWglalnEt or hLimtin iit' md ir>cii|«ol datiin^, ftnd 
»>n4* of vri* mmf rhamnpr hturSim at [lOV-OAiuir and flTl-nHlDTC Id be 
found If I Eiiji^iUi fii-iin-iu-"— A*iV> CAntwJf, 

The Uttle Minister. 

*' Hfnii qnoEhtr book Of c«nluf . Tim b^i word, ami oii< riM afipn 
vcd 111 ilili pl««h Dm VT. UH \x nov with -t Cull tav^ vf itir iifii|;h[ 
of it. Md rt clc*' jiercepliofl uf our own fcspwailhUilj,'*— JV*/i#»«/ 

King ^ulamnn'jt Mlnot. 

" To idl ili< ^^Mh. ^t uduIiI give many noYtlii ny cichL Irunilnd 
(ibit )t iboxii ihc reuty hwe>i), forwcha beohu * Kmg SoIontoE'i 

^y JrchibiiM ForhfUt 
The Black Watch, Tbc Record of ad Hhtvik Rciimcnl. 
Memories and 5tudieA of War and Peace, 

Spectre Qold. 

By a Halr's-BrcMtth. 

The Wrethamtf ef Wrotham Court. 



A Woman of Kronstatlt^ 
A PaHtui*s Wife. 

" \I^Ui hi* M*rf. roiiiAEiitf Mr, Mat rcmbnloa Lu ulilw^il aouew 
In » 4«U wb«ii ihm have bven m^n^ ]Abour«n^ . . From 

blg|infVDf la tt^ [here Ls nal i <1tj]l pt^- '^//iHitfaUd tjn^Mi A>wf. 

Th# Im|>r«pi«bU City. 

"Thowof Uiirha If? vilftnje, *nd fam, ia bf«p mu M hng m 

Stiibl' iHTT fMd Mf' livhUnin » Utbi ronunoa, ' Tlv Impngiutdv 
It.' wilhliLckflnia<ikirji1il."^rWS4'Ai- 

Tlw 3ea-Wolv«i. 

<-A atorf Mirio brflo lUkd dtmctlU. If not impaslbit, lo |»n r>fr 
^4luiT nia nniil (IihIhe pua itruchod^ a^id tTivn on* Nuio flop, 
«« biMW wiUp bul limpQT tweuu* one muiL"— ^^'^ Olwir/d, 

The Iron Pirate* 

A> StanUy IIV.^ph^ii. 
Th« Man In Black. 

' A t>i«M tloiy wMrh ^.^i' iiinni htii ihJnk mirfl h»Vf r«ivi*fd ^Wlor 

The ^tor>' o' Fr«ncU Cluddc. 

Prom the Memoirs of « Minister of FrAiice. 

Fatlicr 5Uffofd. 

The White 5hlelJ. 

The Cctpture ol llie - E^ittrclla/' 

A Modem Dick WhilUn^ton. 

"'IV v«>W kbouruli ija the ^(UAJm liunitiur idd itUM ot ttwrimtn 

Aj ir (?- Tttrbrt, 
tlUOnlten Qold: k ^taty or i Cirot Wraaf antf • C<mi 

^/ 5. naik^, 
Rosui^ <>1 the Fiery Cro». 

CupUI*ii Qarden. 






George Augustus sala 


The Thorough Qood Cook, 2U. 

jir'NliHvL til tlilA piNiiilrT."— /r/'iftfjii<f fl'itif'. 

Things I have Seen and People 

IkaveKlOwi. Two Vok 21q. 
"ir lis ptpiilirilr iirnt^ei ^-roiKHtlonattf Ui Us 
Mil' rnirnit --VfiH."- Itaily T'l-VfUifk.' 




Life and Adventures 


George Augustus Sala 





ALL klblltl VltSlkVHlP 



TbLt Edition i» printed for 
circulation in the Colonic* and 

India onty- 




In tUeso H»yp, wbm almost everybody iinpcflvs to be 
barnin^ with thi- <.lcsirL' to let iiU the world know what 
]u^ him Iwen doih^J from the time of his birth dowU' 
(vnnlii, it Ts not (juito an <*asy niatt4?r t*i dtrti^riniut' what 
title should nost :i|>{>ro|in:it«^ly be Wxtoweil on u iiami- 
tire of a long cjin^rr, [ votiturr to think that oC such 
titW as *' Hcmiaisccncea/' " Memori*** of thp Paflt." 
'* tSlly Xanrh fniore or leas) of My Life," " Looking 
Back/" and so forth, wo hav^^ had tiimij^h and to spjiro. 
A Ijoodly numh'T of my iulniirt'd uoutonnponmoB, living 
scd dead, h^vQ )>ubliTihe<I their autobio^phies ; and to 
the^e th*?y hnve ;ith»cherl Hpneltations, Home of which it 
i» v*Ty [Ky<?iihli' thjiti I **hinihl 

liavt? rh«Nj*ri 


myself ; 
after long con»id(*r,ition. I determined to givo to this 
work tht' name under which it i» now duhmittcd to the 
public— nam oly, my " Life and Advonturi^a " 

Ah to the hfe, it has been meroifully prolonged to a 
period far tnore protmeti?d than eould retu;nnahly 1r> 
expecU-d in Un" raM- **f an itnlivjdnid who wiw* a 
wretchedly sickly child, and who has led, in <?very 
wnae of th^ terni, the hardest of lives, in all kinrfs 
of cliniatc9. in nxiftt fnxtiti of tlir civilisird wurhh 
Wlkcther that lile Iiilk been an ^HlvcnturouH one it 
mnst bi* left IW my n'cwlers to deterniin*'. It ii^ 4|uitc 
[(osMiblt- that 1 havo unnecettfiariiy ;ini|k]ilied, to the 
extent of half'^^W-en pii)^"* event* whicli nii^^ht well 
htkw In^rn diMinLssiil in us in^uiy lines: and tliat> I have 
fxa^^mUrd btyond all rHtic^nal m«^'<u-^iiR* thini^ of iwy 
trilling moment. The only apology that I can maku in 
this last rcepect is that I have written fully on subjects 


which have interested me, aud which continue still to pre- 
sent interest to my mind. You will remember that which 
the late General Fleury said when, being at the time 
French AmbasBador at St. Petersburg, he received the 
intelligence that the Second Empire, of which, officially, 
he was the offspring, had hopelessly collapsed. His 
Escellency shrugged his shoulders, and, with a smile, 
observed : " Et cependani, pendant dix-huit an» /tous nous 
9omm€9 diahlement amuses." 

I have had not a few dull moments during my life, 
and have had to pass through some periods of nttor 
misery and seeming despair ; but, on the whole, I can 
say that during the last sixty years I have found life 
much more amusing than dismal. I am no philosopher ; 
bat I believe tlmt it is after a manner philosophical 
to laugh whenever you possibly are able to indulge in 
harmless merriment. I am not what is ordinarily 
called a "comic writer," and I should not be surprised 
if many of my brother authors, and more of my readers, 
have long set me down as the dullest of dull dogs; 
still I have found during the last two genemtions an 
infinity of things to laugh at, and now and again it 
may be that I have found people to laugh with me as 
well as at me. 

This being confessedly an autobiography^ the critics, 
I apprehend, will refrain from girding at me for the 
constant use of the personal pronoun " I." Some years 
ago I used to writo in the columns of the liiusfrafed 
London News a page of gossip called '* Echoes of the 
Week " ; and as the paragraphs relatod to matters which 
had come under my individual observation, I was com- 
pelled to use the personal pronoun aforesaid ; varying it 
occasionally with "the present writer," "your humble 
servant," and similar devices, which I can but consider 
to be of a mean and shuffling character. I remember 
once receiving a letter— anonymous, of course — in which 
the writer abused me violently for what he styled my 

"«haiU4*]ps«;riii1 wi.^irittume wutiMiiV' " Uisalwayi^r, I, 
I. I. I. I, witK you" wrote thin coiirtaoiis s<;ribe, " and 
i'V(?rjrbi><iy U heartily rtkkofjou^^ou^ you, you! " Nuw, 
I liiivo n <lffiniU" juiriwAL' in alltKliug t-i tin* hy^owi' 
itiiouymauM iL-tUvwiitiT and liis vitupcrutivc t^pistle; 
because I wi8h to a^Uc u question whicb. to the 1>eet 
of my knotvledj^e and belief^ bn* not yet been fully 
|)i'ojK>iiTid4*<l lu the world, and n o»iii«iii<ivi.' lui^w^r to 
which would, 1 (aucy, Iw a nut iiniiiii)ijrUi.nt coiiiribu- 
tion Ui i\u^ M^ifure iif languii^*', Ilow is it that with 
0Q« rxc<>)*tiiin — v^i It^n^t, nti inv iun 1 know— tlift Kuglisli 
are the only people who, in thu middlf! of a ventenoftr 
wrttti the per&oDal jironouB '' I " wttli \i majusculo or 
capital letter? In ih^ iDterior o( a seutertco the 
FTencbmiiii writ<>* "j?/ the Itiiliaa '* io," tho Uorman 
" icli,*' ihe SpiMMiird " yv" the (iivi-k " <.'>^/' and so i}U. 
Take the fidluwiiin; j»;t\saye I'mm tlie " Mai^ravici; uf 
Anspjicb": — 

'■Aftc^r my amiable mttvT in law ntid Kpr hUfitAml liod Ipfl mO| 
t foDEul iziut:h plMAurr m my rur*1 iuiiumthireiU lit my pxvitifiu. I 
hiul onWi aihI ■ i\nv i\tury ; llir Hiiiry wiu nitmitni on ih<- *iiili» of tin? 
.B^nrt oppWLtc ihtt f'UtnLnoa-^t«\ Onr iJay, wbili^ 1 >viim hi^Lrulinc 

uun (jtM'iTril mr, jutil, ivK'niik-mi;, mh^vw-ni mr, Hnviri^ ■ ' fj-ly 
Crut'ifi^ I m^^mnp t ' Un tn* iii(»,w*»nnL; tlmt I wiih Lvly LVuvt^ii, 
|»r ii«t. )ilH firtiitf iutu liiH U^Htdi, 'tiul hfniwrrikf iiic a IvUlm', * TliU I 
Uavi- lin<it;£}u,' fi<.-HHidt "^ fniiii jTMir fi-i"iiil lJk- hurtifw il»- Villt'nnrihrt. 
Kl»»» )tw. iiiii>firi(*<l it 1*1 mff, :itmI I Uiwk' lfiini;;bt tL fn'rn Miutnrl, 
wnJkiti^ali rfio naVi ill 'Wi^r t*^ fk-Uvor il into yrXKwjniL Iin[iH« I 
lK^{gvil him lo n'fiT^h bimnclf, fturl iuiiiiiiv<l Uow lin oould giirta thftt 

It muiy 1h^ trvijly ;;ruiitcd that the ci>[itiiiiLally- 
rfin'iilcd " I " ix :^ typoji^rHpbicHl disti^iirement, and 
tht-rv U oDH Vp"j*y ill wliicb it miiy Ik? onmpleti^ly avoidrtl. 
Aboubhalf acentuiy siLCHtht*rt' wji^hh i->tiiimhliT Mi-hrt'w 
who wttai CDQvcrtcsI to rrot<ataDtLsm and took iVngiican 
onlere. We will s;iy that his imme wa* Cabn. He 
travelled in tlic* Eant tor u phitauthropic; purpo^, nnd 


wrote a mo8t amusing account u( his wanderings, I 
remember a par^raph in his book, somewhat in the 
following terms ; — 

"The Hhffikh af tlie vilJa^i! strtil Culm a roo^t kid, a skin of milk, 
and a jar of honey ; but Cahn refuebd them. The local mollah 
offered to give up his house for Cahn's use ; but Cahn declined, 
Whj did Cahn decline T Because Oahn was an Ass." 

Would yoUj dear reader, have liked me to write my 
*' Life and Adventures" in the third person singular? 
Would it liave ^suited your taste if you had come on 
such a sentence as the following; — " G. A. S.'s tailor 
sent him his bill, observing that it had been standing 
for a long time, G. A. S. replied^ saying that he would 
discharge the account so soon as he had received re- 
mittances from his uncle at Celebes. Six months after- 
wards the tailor wrote again to say that he had not yet 
received a cheque from G. A, S. That cheque, however, 
was forwarded the next day. Why did Gf. A. S, send 
the cheque ? Because G, A, S. was soft-hearted, and 
had just received a considerable sum of money from bis 

This obviously is the reduciio ad abnurdum of the 
stupidly malevolent outcry of ill-conditioned critics 
gainst writers whom they envy and whom they hate, 
because those writers choose to say what they have to say 
in their own fashion. In my youth I was acquainted 
with a musical composer of considerable culture but 
generally Bohemian tendencies, who was wont to boast 
that be could borrow half-a-crown in the Spenserian 
stanza. Why should not I, if it suited my mood, pen 
this Autobiography in Alexandrines or m hendeca- 
syllables, or in dactylics? I do not write to please the 
critics, but in the humble hope of interesting the public ; 
and that public I have done my best to interest, to 
entertain, and, to a certain extent, to instruct for nearly 
half a century. 

At all events, I can say, with Montaigne, that 



thifl ]s a book written tii ^hkI i:t\i\i. I li^tvf tol<l no 
lii-s, I hiivi* 4^\t<'Kii;iti.'rl iic.itliiiiL; : iiur, I Ik^jv, Unvt: I 
Kct down au;^]it in nulicr. Many uf tlit* mcidents 
whicli I litive ivciinlrti niny ;i|»jH'ar frivial. but they 
were lucKi^iitii in tuy liU'.; ami liarl I onnttetl thtMu 
I (tboulcL luvfi bi^en taleto to tlic ijriDoiple which in 
tho outset [ luitl il.'Wii for niyKolf wi to Uio forrn 
thiii book sliould takL^ I biive ^vif^Ik-iI to givo thd 
general public a dtliTHte kle» of tbe diameter luid tlie 
Ciiri'er ul a norkiii^ ji'itnuilist in Ihv ^<v:ulld, l.luni, ;ind 
fonHb di.-i^uir:4 <rf Hi*' \^i<^ti>naii i-nr Whiit tbc lo-w 
joumttliflm iiiuy be like, 1 mitbur know nor caiv. but 
tnoist a^t^uri'dly it it nut ttif jviiruaUbin to which I stn-vrd 
niy a|> pre titic<'> ship, and in wliiub 1 liuvi* bet*ii for ni;niy 
y<w« tt skilb*d w*iirktnan. I bavt' N|>oki>n IVixtly and, I 
bopi.', iippivoi:Uivtd) of tb** 1b^lill^lliHbl*<l juurn;ib^t« of 
whom I have been (br contcinporaiy . -uid 1 can ivview 
th<* work which I havp mys**lf done without regret and 
without abame. Abitigbty Pn>vid(^nco ha** denied nif 
l^cnius or even brilliuncy of tub'nl ; but it oudowi^d unj 
with a stem, strong powvr of volition ; and to ttii' exoK'i^w 
of that will, disciplintHl by indni^try and strenj^thent'd 
bv «tudy, I i>W[f all the |>ublic ;icc**[itaiie<' vvliirb I bav** 

In writing tbi- coiicluditig lines of tbin book» X 
cfljtnot help fct'linjr oonsidcmbic iv;:ri-t thai JimiUition 
of Hptici* ban not permitted me to deacant even brieUy 
oti iccorx*)^ of 4'mini*nt pi*opl(* of bolli koxis whom I have 
kuuwn, <>{■ who buvL^ boeu ividoarod to um* by tbi> wacrod' 
\im of ftiend«hi|i. If I hod had ^hwk* I Uioiild 
liave said Mmit^tbiuj^ abuot my bivthn'ii of tlu- uld 
lUrunion (Hidi, liebi nt Ww iMUtnl lUiatX in Miiidncx 
Lane; of Htrnry J, iJyrou> hivI Tom HoKtrtwm, the 
dramatists ; of Frank T&tfourd, Jatncr^ Holhind, Stiriing 
Coyne, Charles Selby» Bayle Bernard, We&tland Mars* 
ton, Ltficester BtickinLrhairi, George Honey» Morgan 
John O'Connt'll, iind James Ltiwo. Th^-st ar^ all 


Dames that in the bygone you could conjure with — 
names representative of celebrity in literature and art, 
but which at present, I fearj have become as dim as the 
bliadow of the shadow of smoke. 

The sins of commission in thi& work are many, but 
those of omission are tiir greater. I have not had room 
to say half my say ; but that which i have uaid I have 
endeavoured to make lucid and cohcn-nt. 




Christmas, 1S9-1, 

P.fcj. — It infly interest a few of my readers if I (eM them that 
although a.t leai^l fdly workn of fictinn, e^hn}s, i^ritirinm, And IraveU 
have been produred hy my pen, th»*y have nil been reprjntis either 
from raagazineh or fn>ni the Dnifif IWr^rap/i newspaper^ and that 
thiB ray **Life and Adventiires" is liternliy the first l»onk that I 
have written '* right off/' 1 should be wanting in gratitude were 
I not to expreB8 my thajiks to Mr- A. P. Watt, of HaAtings 
House, Norfolk Street^ Strand, for the trouble and worry which he 
has saved me by bis intelligence and painstaking negotiations with 
my *fflleenied publiwhern. 

G. A, S. 


Tub qualitr of ^atitudi' shovild no mor*? be stmined 
than tluit af mercy. I hope that I am a ^rnteful man, 
and thiit I never rpmemberod an injury i<avo to lau^ii 
At it, nor reaeivod a favour wnthoiit dotnp my \iofi to 
requite it. It i« tbiH with, I hop^v jmrdviiabltr ^^mtifi- 
cation that T expre*iy in *his. ihi.- third editioii of my 
" Lifi* iitiil Adiviit.iu't'^/* my sinni^iv ^i';ititndr* Ui Hi* 
Kivolif^nry Sir Vmixcis Vhu- IV.nI, il V \l. (I.(\M (J., 
Her Hritannic Mjiji\sty's AmUissaihn- ivt. Umiir — hut 
for whose j>rompt auil conipas^ioiiiito kinduoafl there 
would bo no G. A. S, to write frenh prefaoeii to nuy 
liookf; of hi>i, nt all- 

I yru» very ill duiiug TDomt of the tiincf when I 

waa writing, or I ougnt rather to liay dictating, 

.llhi* work- I wa.** srjirw*ly rninva)f*sfi>nL wh^ru, at 

ChrifitmA^ltd<.s I k-ft l#*^ndon for my annual holiday 

in thp South. An acctdcnt on boanl tho steamer in 

the Channel hron^Iit about a scries of internal di^- 

tiiriMiiee?! ; luid i iva^died Rome in a wrt^t*^li4^dly feeble 

■tat*. I w^nt at once to the AnibitT^HiLdur, to whom 

I had h^terft from I-nnl nnRirin um] Lonl lti*wb*fry. 

Ho Unghed. aud >iaid that \w hjtd known me vei-y well 

'jrean ago. 1 wa?t taking my leave of him at the 

'liMkd of the marble Htriircane, when everything: tamed 

'Mack; then tlh-iv' y\u.^ a thi:^h of lightning, and I fell 

on (he tet*elated floor in a dead «woon. For «ome 

minutes they thout^tit that I tfaa dead. When I 

camt' U* iny«4f I wjw in the arm"* <i[ the maUrf d'h&tel^ 

and thv Amban^dor wnn tiAthiiig my l^mpleM ivith 


vinegar. A physician and a imrsing-si^iter swiftly 
mado tlioir appearanoo I was put to bed at the 
Embassy, and tended with infinite i-aro and solicitude; 
and it was only after a considerable time had elapsed 
that the Ambassador sent me back to the H6tel d'Angle- 
terre in his own carriage, well packed with wraps and 
hot-water bottles, and with Colonel Slade, the Military 
Attache, to take care of me. I did not wish to be 
an intruder at the Embassy; and I knew that at the 
Angleterre 1 should receive precisely the same atten- 
tion that I should have had in my own house. I have 
known some of the servants in this excellent hotel for 
live-and-twenty years. Throughout the long illness, 
or, mther, the three illnesses — for T was twice apparently 
convalescent — wliich afflicted me during my stay in 
Itome, I was iniinitely solaced by constant telegrams 
and letters from my wife, who was prevented by sick- 
ness from joining me, telling me that my book was a 
success and had been favourably noticed in most of the 
great daily and weekly organs. Then came the even 
more welcome intelligence that a second edition had 
been issued ; and now I am able» with a lighter heart 
than I have Itad for many months, to make a few 
prefatory remarks to the third edition. 

On my return to England I found a number of 
letters awaiting me, in which some errors into which 
I had fallen were pointed out; and for the majority 
of these corrections I have to thank my old friend 
Archibald Forbes. It would be passing strange if a 
book of nearly eight hundred pages, written by a man 
of advanced ^e, who has never kept a regular diary, 
were altogether free from mistakes, smd I feel rather 
inclined to congratulate myself that the blunders I have 
fallen into are not very many and not very glaring. 
On pp, 31)3-04, please note that William Howani 
Uussell preceded both Charles Mackay and Antonio 
Gallenga during the Civil War, Russell reached New 

Yurk II ttitiiitli UTiftiT till* Koiithunlhifiil af Fari SiifuU>r. 
I'ii^t' :UM*; it was nut iu tlio K|^*y|ilian l>nt in tlif 
Jatoi' t>oudan Camj>Qign that <Jir'iierLU liurU' ^va^ killed. 
Pit^ 53S : the name of tbc Commnuditut do Fluoo at 
[^ti, whicli liad 9»cap^d loy memurv, was Ciifliinfroii, 
[y friend Archibald Forbea has, I think, iudulj^ed la 
a littl« hyp^rcritieisTu when he t^]lri me th&t on the 
vojrage b» Imliji in IH?,') Mir wt*^;inn*r roiivi^ying the 
upecial Gorrcftpaitdi*Dt5 did not follow in tiic wjikc o£ 
tlic Serapis, but pr^cded her by several daya. Af^aiu, on 
po^ iCti, wh^rp I wrilir of *' th<? famous four soraoants 
of the Indian Mutiiky \vh»> l»kw tip tlje Cashmeivj (rate 
of Delhi/' I am toUl ihi^vis woru uot four Morgeauts^, and 
thai tin' *»xp!i»ilin^' party rmisl^tiHl '»r Kit'utonatilvS Hiiwr 
aiid SalkHfl, ll.V, -, SiTgeaiitpi Cannii^ba*'!, Burgas;*, and 
Smitli, of tbt=- Hriigal Sitpjt^nH; nnd Hurler Hawthorn, 
of tho 52i]d IJutfU s, I ;^ljiilly mukv tbo correction ; hut 
to have niistak'.'ii a hiL<;^ic'r for tk sor^i'ant in surely uot 
a h^Ti^in^ nuitter. I'a^ (t ib : Mr. Fears, the Duifv 
AW* correijKindent, is an Am<*noan and uot an Kii|^li*h 
ImrristJT And, huiily, the ("iM-iKtiaii niiinr of my 
laiikf^uti'd friend Mai^jmhun wa^ not " Alf^^nudt-r/' hut 
" Jannariu^ Alov^iiiA. ' 

I Lave not much more to say. One of the very few 
jottrnalft which have reviyrt'od my book in downright 
■bu»iv« U^TTHf na£ ^ood enough to rmmrk tlmt it 
vru inordinately long, t can only reply that I 
could e^isily have expanded it to at leaat three times 
iit< fiixA' ; but h:ul I projHis^d rvini In in^ike it half 
$ui long 'L^niu. [ am afraid that my jnihliahcr^ 
would have cried '*IIoId! enough/' Uiancing at the 
index, I tind that 1 havr naid nothing of my kind 
ftiend the lat;? iylv Arlbiir Helpr«; that 1 ant Kilont 
with re^TArd to Churles Kint*slej, a mo«t tDUcbin^; laiU'V 
tnmi whf.UM 1 trctisure ; tliat I linve failed to nutice Sir 
Hdgar IWhm aud Sir Ui<:)ninl Burton, whirni 1 kni-w 
intimately. 1 have left niiebroiiickd <i grejit many 


incidents in my life of greater importance perhaps than 
those upon which T have dwelt; bnt I liave done my 
best, and the public have signified tbeir approval in a 
very practical manner by demanding a tbird edition of 
my "Life and Adveiitures.'' 

I have mentioned incidentally in my book tliat it 
has been my fortune to come into friendly contact with 
a good many individuals of high rank ; hut I said once 
for all that I bad no mind to brag about the great 
personages I have known. T am a man of the people, 
and have always written for the people ; but I hope I 
shall not be accused of vanity in saying that a copy 
of my work has been graciously accepted by the Prince 
of WaleSj and that it has brought me the kindliest 
and cheeriest of letters from, among many others, the 
Marchioness of Salisbury, the Marquess of Dufferin and 
Ava, the Earl of Rosebery, Field-Marshal Viscount 
Wolseley, and Mr. Gladstone. 



Easter, Iti'Jb. 




—1 Tendof N'uaii^ --...,-... 1 

' find Wtii*— TbcTcM-'brtr TWiicM— .MTuHirrirf Mnnmy - 


A Tribitlittij ■^■-i^u Viij(utiii— ILiriit.l Sl-^lli^u— 'IV fUr-jnrs BgnlHt- 
lAiulU-*Vol*bli'''*nfci;lionrf3' --Viw-iJunlT»riHnb*'nt>'iii— "l^CfttOtll" 
Car the Evrniii^ Tha MjMtvt oJ (Joramoniw -t Brighton UvUbrui AOd 


W tows:. I«3r5— I£39. 

tdtr al Crkkkwool^A ibnUDUOcfln of WqUtr-^A Teo^fut tat tV«bAQ 
i^^ook— C>liou L»P|pi«n m Higb &Aci«ly-~A !JU«k Man vitb • 




Donij^tli and bid Patbelic End— Hia KinBman and the SulUn— BeDini— 
Cbcnibini iind the Ugly Timur — Al h Reception of the Counte«s of 
Bltuiogton'H— H4iTi»a Ainawurth — Loni* Napoleon— TTieodore Hnok 
And his Talk— TbomHA Campbell— Hnvnea BaylV'-MHlibFaa-'BHtrf^ 
A Secoad-nitc Tngediui— jUuh Helen Fnucit — Ilia " Maiion Furen " 
— TjTono power— Fioschi ,..,-,--- 39 



brjihum— Xt-rut'a Holt'l -The Ro}'dl St. JBmob'n Tbealro — First Pi'ifofm- 
-Tixcc of AffMfs Surri — Morrio Bamett in Mon^itur Jacqnn^^lj3Ddon 
" Xnt Buch n viry Big Villu^" : Tto Anecdotf«— Mrs- Gcmvia Beed 
"-The Strati^c fJe'itientan — T/ic Yvllage Ot^iifttra^-Artaxerxet — A Child 
»ho wwntpd lo his Loft Alottf—ThgSeffffarn' ftpei^—^ly arotber'a Part^ 
^Dancino; the ll'ichueha — Braham^B tionu and Daughter — Un. StiT' 
ling — Dictena anA the Dramatiiuitioa of " Oliver IViat"— The Import' 
nnce of Little Things r Turning an Honest (.luineu — The Kf^nt'e Park 
(.'cil'Asoum — Ila Variety £nt«r1amments and Drinking Bon . .61 



Taking Tea with Arab AtTobita— The Perveraion of Abdalliih— End of the 
C^osaeuni— John Clayton— A Trunsfonuation : Uebe and Mr^. GaiD(j 
— Biabam'a Viciraitudob — FranccB Countesa Waldegrave — Fint Sight 
of Charles Dickens— The " Boiomania"— My Brother IVederick— A 
Young Oentleman^B Dreaa in the Second Year of the Reign — At School 
in raria .,.-...-..... 07 



^' Playing at Dickens "—Crown Court AUey— The Tast* of the Age la 
Fiction — The tjroanacre Uurder — "Catherine'*: a Parody that Failod — 
Ainsworth'a -'Rookwood" and "Jack f?hcppard" — Early tJtitdiuB in 
Uttratnre — Advice from Lord Broughmn .,..., 77 


IN" THE GBEE>^'ltUO>], 

Sir Michael Costa : Applause behind the Curtain— A Theory of the Origin 
of " Green Boom ""-Edmund Yattd and hia Mother- Gilbert h Bedcett 
— *' Stock Authors": Planchc, William Brmigh, DionB^ucicauJt — Mr. 
and Atrs. t^. C. Hall— UitaAliiion— ThaXotv Chnt^ at Ih^ Haymarket— 
Domeatic Service Fifty Yean Ago — A Generous Physician-^Hy 
Mother's lUnena and BeneHt Performance ...... 86 





LdftmW HtAxUd h\ Kw— l^tiB mitd Imili IfJin i ftiirnaiiTlrti»inn 
BuWily «tf E-tffiA Nhnb-Tbr P«r of tbf girt JbTrff ^ 
^■jiw^AFkD^llOMiDaJ. • «•' 

«HOUL HATS 131 riklri 

froiulk Bof«iiid tlifiTG4J»A^BIu4;-ha1o— Ah*^A Km of thr Ximi' rf 
aiiqtDt — At UtB TliMtrr Comto— AUaandm Dunma >/j-*Tlte ■S«fr>i> 
I'rwali— Idily OnaTiQ* iu « Owir «f 8lBt« — Orivi, Tamlfujiiu, 

l.TlArTBll Xll. 

l>fi»t< — H*nri" WjJUlIc mnJ 111* Slip m| Ihc t^niKur— 
b1> HfiLl hia Kill*— An E^rl^ Xovnt— rnJui-in); TAt TaiUm 
Aiaf-W. TL OnpiUuil md Itio UoqmI Ctir^l-U^rn-aHfliASiliii* 
llamlet-t^hUpspotKU thv (rhut '\ Mi)iUi> t'untfnl . \{% 

n!IArTBn XIll. 

%xvk tar i«u.*riw3r. 

tUf in iF^H^Ialhr iJiticlrKDl dir^ln-^Tho Unnn erf Ibr Enfii^lcpfb^ 
'lilli! ftad lu« Wlft^ -"111" PufbnM " Wky''— Thii Pdiic™."» It.njtrp 
nadoi Jirha M*id"i Mn-Uoji— "ni«(Jin»y> " 3If, l^»l*Joiiit'"— llw 

fkitHct Ijiun^g — Kiimily I^<tikiU Enaning IntvlbKttiull^^ la ^inL • 


CilAPTttt XIV, 


At* 1'muLjuUu Fkhwl^Allilotiia « WwttA at '^mt— Whi<r« Iha JktUc 
oi WAtftlw vhhikH Wiin-^A rut n«Qdnfr MiudtVAiul hi> llullnid -A 
Vidl lo Dnii^^ Idiw Aniutpeiir Thi^triLnl* EKuliki; of GM-oiiin Two 

UixiEQiiUc Ph^umomi ......... 131 


&tf4> OUm|i*H«t BuUifrPnjM. AUusd^j Cfrc1(iu«Vi and Th^ckcioy-* 

JVa^r Ila^t^n An Uii1liki«b«d f!^4«ji : A Ci>iaDidN]p* — >c&ri«« <*t 

Murmdy--A 1>oiib]o Paticihllly— C1iar>ii MiiilttTf — A Vtn<ik Aaihor 

. —IV Ur^n rif £«j luif fte — ffldJinji K^rfliTKll tri ScHittt-Piiintln^ . 





Albert Wrtiilh— tihitlyy Brouki— The Mbse* WiilkiiiBhiiw— Aiigua Bothune 
Kunch— &[acn»dy the Victim ol it MiiLikc— The Cafe do TEutopQ mid 
ild PHtroQB— Mr. Jftbcjn Hogy— The "I'toccm"' Idea— Tho Broughn — 
On the SImS of Iho Man tn the ^Vdov— Louu Elaghe and Birkflt Fr«tor 
— Gborgc CruikatuiDk -^V]ltl« Phillipe— Peony Drovlfali— Edward 
Lloyd— Savillfl Fftucit 161 



The I'oct Boiiu'h " Word qith /'hhM^' — My l.'ollectin^ Linu^: A pouible 
Fiiud Ciiiae — Ij^umiDg to Etch — Fint AppflHmnco in Print-— Anti- 
FrflPth FeeliDg in London Bnd the Production of Jfonle Crittc at Drniy 
Uine^ Appointed Editor of ^Aaf-^-Swom m ^pocial ConatabLc— tirifii'a 
UiiiCake in the KiitiunMl Aathcm — Sedition ana Loyalty nt the Open . 174 



Thii " AitstraLida Kight^' Enli'rti«nmont*'---Kt'uding up '-on viit Literature— 
The Uld Reading- Itoom of ihfi JlritlBh Mmgcii lit —Thomas Millor, the 
Basket' Weaving |'u-it— UmmaticCrittdJim— A Ncpro Tragedian —Mrs. 
Wamor — fjamupl Phelpa— The Beltya— The D«nvatJon of "Specter" 
—The Eldtr Furren : "The Cock Salmon of the Stage"— TA* Death 
Warrani bocomes Tfm Gnidt to Life — Ada loaacs Menken and her 
Matrimonial PivelivLtiea — tiola MonteA— Duke (/harliM of Brunawjck 
and Louis Xapulivn 1K4 



ThuniFW Littk-UiTi llult and hiii Vonturca^lkiirdB and Muuelaehivi'-'rhe 
lUilway Mania — Thu Iron Tiuifrt — Wallowing in Oold — llic UrHbh — 
Vivi^t; Kgan the EldiiHnd hia lk<;ulleetititiu ^ ..... 19o 

CllAriKK XX. 


The School m whi^h Johnson Learned CompaHSLon — A Shive to the Pipe — 
Vicarioua Smoking— SeUidff a Quack Aledicine— A Windfall— In Paris 
Again— Uy First Book of Pitlures ; " Hail, Rain, Steam, and tipetd " . 203 



"Ked-Hot Works of Art '*— Cardinal WiBcman— "Tho Great 'Eihibition 
Wot ih To Bo"-Anotbei- Windfalh Making a Fool of Myself— 
Simpson'* Cigar Divan— Co«tly Pooket-handkerthiefB .... 212 



VllAlTEfl XXII. 


inE—'-PftcWnf Utto" the Bail w*y Kine—Fato of thfr Kcv Vcntnc- 
"Mr, Hop^^' ud hfci "dyrtaii" Aly Honor ot MuunUini Hnl 
Vjut 1o Bnuwlt -JLi Aix-u-CltiijHjIk — Mr Hu[>^»] ClLuiLKti* hu 
Sy>l(iin' Th* K^WlIt — A Vf^rCamir Phnotarriji »( rrin lfr»iT- Kthihttti^n 
— Ffllin^ in lAVc^Dolnff Junlro to ■ itjjfli T'U— hrmmwrncH cf 
Ifnuchnti IS* 


Takio; « Shqvi' fn n Bullion tji^ii1«nnnt GikU' ami Ki« PLin fvr F^tug 

Knokltn-'A Snwll Aiidlouc* kimI k liimppointol drnfouTiuiier . . 33£ 


Nunt not^rlnAct— In n ml]i»n Aividuiil- A lAUr u> ibJn 7bi«i «ntl 
ita C^iuni|iMUM«'AUiirikniuttf Ait tvi JumtuiUm— Bdnjinuu Ltiunby 
«nd hit Kin^iiHt ..-..<..,.. MO 

ciiArrEH XXV. 

Ar1i(if™l I'l in Kri^rrnTt.r— //fli/i^"i« Wi^/y TayinT Tii I'^rt"' ihn Cww^ 
if'/Vdr^A ^'»iL trj 111'.' lA]ii;> MhI]«: hi J.^le^uiK 'I'Ioel UuiidraiuU ^nl 
l|]t! (WjHVfj ifiv^jlcri "A Uivid ViftMi - Uiiuka hnk > Iti^liitiiimt iattn 

th* ^iH^ . , its 

ClIAl-rKK VAVl. 


A IWunoiic V»f> *tt Ibo Ortflit DiikoV PaaofAl— Dear Uilman— 
•^kd Ktimitrn ami ^atu^ CLub* — /VH>r.A ■"^/»— A Hid cJ 
■— Drivtiif^ liw CJujULv out oi H^ib P^rk -The ■' U^^iy 
UiAlflB»ClMi''-'A Dionwion— A Vi-if to lMttLi«l Tjmitwilh K-^rcy 
fUbvirll^— Ilia KfthnXtit IinuelitfmuLii'HhL]! Ifr^Fir^' VijiJi^t^llv luid the 

CtaooMi — Jvui'^ HAiifiui^A DijHuii1«] SUfT— Mv TiiaD c^t Wholt|- 

£«aJni — £ii^»h lIotoLi » . . - 



U> KlBfiT ' J«i;K3>Kf I'I'i: 91IHTI1.' 

A XTtt^wuA Trtnlilng Cuopftnian— (.'-ownlu^rn KwciUdtiuB Utf«n id 
AEnbollr |£*tf«iUim«nl— ibnuwiuff n IkrvicixJ Uauioi ■— la«b^i«4 itl 
j4l rft^nlivt^- ICitxaijjji Hi'lkin -Tim Kimtit— ,A IVnwir ami hiv 
UflUmlt— A I>n>U T^Kt j/'i/U^r— lOxoJiarlioniof XapalDOu ibi (in^*- 
A Pirovlr LuiffiunI— '(frimtiLi-ii: Ww J— A tWilut Ib^ Adhbiuui l^^fntJuii 
^AU>u ri|;iu-*— J'lii' rEuHflitin l^tuynnl —The M»"jii-—A liiovtl DnH' 





Home Again — In Search of a Pabliaher— A Rapture with Mr, WiUa and 
wiUi DickooB— Coiuultinff Hr. Honry Jftmea— Betnlto of the Rnuian 
Trip—" The Baddinffton Peerage " : the Wont Norel evm Perpatrbtod 
—I un CltaACleriBedby Mn. Carlyle— 7^ Weleeme Quat . . ,303 



Wy First ViKit to the Offii»« oJ the i>fli/y TeUgrapk in an Embroidervd 
Camlet Vest— GetlJn^ Rigged Out at a " Reach-me-down " Shop— Earlv 
Loading Articles — Dickena'a Quarrel with Bradbury and Evane — Ali 
the i'rat- Round lUid Ohm a Wrek-^A. Deputation on the Piper Duty — 
The Great Lord Derby— The Cheap Prum Forty Years Ago—" Flying 
8UtJonors"— Reconciliation with Dickens— Another Attempt to Breafc 
thoBank^A Ttntft Review And itBConKqueccea — " Make ^ our Uune^' 
— " Twice Round thi Clock*'— Edmund YBte* on hw Early Indiscretiona 
— A Hard Day'fl Work — My Rddioatism Leavened with OonAervatinn — 
The 8t- John*— Different Methods of the D. T. Staff— Penny Pspen 
Held in Contempt — Gix>Tge Hodder— Smokinff at Public DionoTfl . - 311 



"Gaslight and Daylight" and "Looking at Life"- Night House*— 
Puiton Street* Haymarket, and Lte rHtion Saint — Mr. and 3Ira. 
•■' Jehoebaphat ^'— A Split Nose : A Coincidence — Biddinff Uood-bve to 
Buhemin— Murr^-ing in Haate not to Repent Ht Leisure — tattling Down 
in Bromplon Square — D. G. Roaaetii and Hi* Modela —Taking an 
Interest in Things Fcminino— Choi™ Dbnera , .331 



The LtritUhoH ]l<^-thrifli«ncd— Captain Harriaon* " the AlUnlic Navigntor " 
— AnExptaaion- A (Jha^tly Spectaclo— Lord ^tafford^B Heaonrcef utiuos 
— My Narrow Escape — Tho Great EMtern'n HI Luck- A Voluntwr 
Review in Hyde l^ark- Orsini's Attempt on tbe Life ol Napoleon III. 
—The Trial of Dr. Claudo Bernard— "Mr. Leighton " and "Mr. 
Millais ■■ in the Starch I'hbW Defent:e, not Defiance "—A Memorable 
Zfiw— Edmund Vales and the ^^ Fifty-Gninaa Hogarth "... 340 



The " Hogarth Papen " — A Drawing of the Boy Hogarth at Work — Tempie 
Bar and its Staff— Ur. Robert Buchanan— The Auatins- The Saiuniitif 
ReD%CV! and ita Onalaughta— 8ir Wm. Harconrt — Abandoning Lit<ia- 
lureforJoanialiaBi-*' Echoes of the Week "—Peter Cumungham and 
FVederick Dickena- " Jack '' Reeve -Finding tho Hermit of "Tom 
Tiddler's Oraand" , »62 




tTpfcon-i^iA-CbilrvT— A Fludlf Obtal— iUI»— Wm. IWaMT'-iaa CulUf^ 
ud Dr. OvodW— A SbHj of TWtapnj vdJ *'J»fol Ondum*'— 

CUAHTKfi xx:c[v. 

AUnU AwLib — '^'JTin Stuth Sun» «f Mauujio* — Whj- voDHnk tern 
Uwb In 18G3 , . >7i 


jfJk:>i,T ABOUT A yrKtroaa^ 

ThAPiinw of Wkkft'A HTftldin^Thf* Rnr. J. 11. C. Ili«nft v— An AdvontQrc 
ii»ilh Uiv PnliK^-'DifBrbliir* fif JoiitiulitlH— IdOi^ ChunlinrtBin* miil 
Ukoir CtrurUty U'.^N'. i'lLiliS Llvl-v Cvtituzic in IMS— la 8l« QkIkc** 
Clxurl—Jmpc* (imut uid lu* iriujici— Uia Antkiuidiu lUuivioi*— A 
-*Uv'Mn AH d^ Y^^ Stumd 381 



Mw TSrvHon itnil *- l^dr Andlrry^ Smvl"— Mf Nor'>] '-(Jnlt« Alcoo' — 
Ml' Inln. tliD Inmvniv Profoutor— 'Ha Wnf bctt<(uu KitrUi ■mi 
6oulk^-Johb IriTiA'v— lu, Hotnol BfDuc1>'~'-^t Kq*(^'iin Titao for 
wwlfcvr '-nuK'— In Xfw Vcrk—Jx}!!!^ I.^' Mr>. ft»]ii— MoaUi*]^ 
GbbwJ EaiIc " M«fjlnnd) My U&rirland!"— U««Lk-|? -'rhut-JotiTrLor- 
lt«tficr«l^i l|D«|i|ijilLly— n'AvL^y fdikg^v — " Hnllj' ftir ^vu. «lil Ad 

tMvtXUdy mbn wi* -K»»-d "ti l'in'44ifl> " Ijuliiin l(rin<Ur'— Wrt 
Jvuta IdActboniild— Kit' UtrtfEt: Uiu^ku - l'a|ihilD JcDbiat, Cuniiauilufi: 
of tht Vuioad FlMt— tiuitud Wtnl lUid V\'. It. iJurlturl , 

A TRir T<j aAnniin. 

uf "Ur l>Mn iu AiDViifn '!'> W. 11. KiuartJ— A fllorv of Uimi 

FtwOKM Xi^tinx"!^— J-^««rl» J«ff^^i^}n Af«i^pU an InvjtMi^jn laE-^ikdod 

tftlr-ln Pftri* Oa» MM«~H4i«>inH — Thu Hiimci^Hklii^ Aud " tfic 
Vid«v lkiiui|«iru'*— A]giri«-'Aii tfll«rviiv wirli Kqrtulnin — Thir 
PiHDoMv ut tl»v R^ i^mu ARLbqliLtitvi^A V^ntll Indilml in tho 
Il»tnat0iu— Tbfl na^ur of f loiiMi Ejfe -Al lUiriUurjf u^i"^ 
YTriMJTiiiri of Furtune at CamcI— In Uolliiid 


hIt sala's like and adventures. 



To AUdrid in a Hurry— The Duchess of Frias and Ht-r UoBbandA^Mr. and 
Mn. Antonio Gillenga^Tho Mad in tho CloAli: What ih H«P— Tha 
l>curial— Tha Fun of the CuiutiiI— TraTellins in Hpun- A Bttftk- 
down in Don Quiiote'a Country — A Greedy FrCTichmui— Coidovm : 
the Cathednt-^t-ilte-^lMncing hcfote tho Altar .... 4^2 



Over the Mont Cenis Paea— Venice— A Battle hotween m Crab and a R*l — 
The bora at TriMte^OTer the (ifemmonng Ui Vienua— The Xaiafr — 
Turner'! Venice— Padua— Milan— H. M. Hyndmaa— " Viva Verdi!" 
— The SalBfl of Milan . . . , 434 



A Itadly l^rovlHion^M] Army — An Inlervicv with Oaribdldi — Hia Carwr^ 
What ho did with His IJnifDrm — HIh Lady Uovotcea — Hie In^cuouv- 
nci6fl — Daniel Mania— Legend of a tipcoini CorreBpondeut — 1 recorniao 
my Ovonwt— Edvard Dicey — Lord Konald (iower— GaribiltE 4t 
Stafford HouK^CompulBory Peace -''.... 445 



Mr- Frodi-rick lliirdinan — The V'mt War CuiTCflpfmdi-nl— I'ottr Finnvrtj- 
and Ihu WaLchorcn Expedition— M. I'bintuUi— At Padua— Marshal 
HftjTiaa and Ihc €"«/* Florian— Shakeapcaro's Familiarity »iih Italian 
Cilies— FatTunL : Haunted by the (jhootof Lucrezia Borgia- DoniietU's 
'»peia— I Rejoin my Wife- An Incident at Mntro— A Rtminiwence 
ot Niagara — Venice on the Eve of ita Libenition— Good- nature of tha 
Vcnclians'-The Fenico Re-op«ned — Popular Enthusiasm — Enter the 
King 457 



Perugia- Rome in I8fl6 and in 1891— Papal Warriors — The Colosseum^ 
Caidinab in State— The UuLy Father on the Pincian Hill— Papal 
Money — Guide's Beatrice Cenci : a Whira— Fempeii— From Naples to 
Marseilles 473 



Pans — ^Napoleon's Interest in the Ejihibiiion — The Imperial Commiasionen 
— " Ofd King Cole'' and hi* Panorama of Engliah Literature and Jout' 
naliam— The hilc T^rd Houghton — The Commissariat — The "Teat 
House " and ila tVenub Nickname- Bann B- — and his Variegated 
Career- The Distribution of PriaH— Napoleon III. and Fenlinand de 
LeAseps as Priee Winners- ViciseitmloH Gt Fortune . . . , 480 

4<I1APTICJ{ 3kMV, 

Hr. rrlii \V'Tiiirtiiitit Arii^nl uf AIhIuI .Sat at 'IVul'in — Tn tfit MLdrt *>! 
Flutikry. Aili-mpton Uw Tmr Alujwndur II-- UVml *?f BuniB»*iiki 
Btttin Awwt'* lintnfff Ni'wi '>f J-Ii^>j'nr<Li in If^ni' l^n^hf f^kinif u 
>!^ntllitl — A liftLai)' of I^A^Zty Thr |i'if»t liiTmmi KmpfOiir ^ *J^H 


Qiu'cn'i SLutv L'jin iriirD -Ttii^ ^'lt|lLt:ri«rl] lliplutkin llir hfjut Ftactf 
cJ 1»6* -B<iclt*l*>i>f uiiJ IV-I* auJ tlic iM Vagm*.- The TiiJiborftt 
CUiuAnl Ubil hi* l'n-iid> 4VA 


A ToMiot Hvtaovr—^t- KlnitWD tU]l.'iV(M'>f<ii~EiTI>rjilir Mjn'iiiil Mm, 

LobourJu^tT An liiviliiti'.in u. Writ-- u Miy -W-IU l'hitlii»: A 
Na^li-^flcl [IrHmutiH hvlwjiiil Stjlhrni -Al IIi'Bik Atpiui— Th" Stnin<l 
Miiiir' lUll -Mr \M'ni!\ Jjiwwn— Air Johnll(oirin|{4h'ml - tta/ Tyfi^ 
«t Itid CjAlcff— Ulia NatUft K«n«ti, Hr J« L. Tod<<, Mlu l^iUm^ 
Lowbjr AOa 


Mji^li'- Ilu<|iirt-l(i<-liliihtf of ihr Trlni— M, lliiiii Itii-'hi'fuil^ftL 
Tftbl dtr CWbhiriiJii^— Au Aiiiuittnj— A A^^fifrpM Iv thf Mrtim'* 
Kh>dn4 Ill 


TUK WAB or 18TI). 

^Kk" PiftbariOD— MUitftTir Un^aintfr— OotrnfcntoU U kr«p id the 
tUM— l^uit Mem the Vu-— An Adsdnr of i» gmm l^frwir- 
Ctavdad thurtliiw— A 'ITmnniahfv lV|iiihr M'nr— Al UuIje— A 
llndral r^iUmol — XiibitW Wi-nU- Jlinrv imd Ail^n] ^liiyhw — 
AttBUirttU 0'8hr«— Mr Sinijifton :«>dniy iliill— " Ainmwi ItntDulE'' 
^vShoi i*Tiuulilc--Aii liiKuWilUuiUi Ajilt-iV'-('mjtj>— Jtlj'r i^imijwii** 
Tant— A BuUyioa Comm&niUQt— MnrtinjC tin: ''umruiknilikni Affun— 
Uttf UflwmllMd S2t 


KC1T TJIK BCCuStt fttmikl^ 

V^o in Vnit-^W Ir'otvt—t adi Arf^^Ud—MotiW bv IVinnnn— At tbo 
I'vifntUf-A tCi'THutd- A Inflnrtly Oaolor - L*rd LyoTw' Inlnvrnli^tt 
^-A l^t <^ llmUri^.^' -My N*tt<i>w Kanp* Inivj l>cbitt lrii|fh»F<4'^ 
Tl^ ot Um IVluMu UIiUq All 



THiEiii;<:ii THK wjill iiV nnuE. 

Th*! Lyons of 1K7U— In r>t»:ii(s at Ucnovo— A Friendly Chemiit — To Rome 
'-UidomA lukcfl 1h« L'ity — TJio BritJah nnd Foi^igD Bible bwiety Ut 
the Fort- — Thomns t'ook— My Fint Ai'quaintanct? with Him — Pmgftl 
BuK Bf>ok'beop<Hr8— '- LkrneliuB O'Duwd'e " Attaclii un Mr, Cook — 
I>ppjirturo of the Vjipal OjHTiBon— A Mb6s Meeting in the Coloueuin — 
The F/ebiifitum— A Kevicw in tho Cmapo dxMarlt— Might and Right . 5»3 


ooi?;g to la^', and to deslin. 

A Lihel"Uy ^' EitTntAgiinee "—A Question about Mv Nose— Mr. Friantll, 
my Assailant — Heavy DKmAgea— How the Money Went^At the 
Opening of th« German Poi'liament — A Tobacco and B«er Sympofliam 
— Among the French PriBonerB at Spandaa .,-... fifiC 


IK J*T, PAlL^S ANI» AT (' H I ALE 1 1 li|WT. 

llie Prince of Wuh^*H IMntwB -The ThanliBgitIng Service— The Tirhhome 
riaimitnt again— lliit <'oohie4a-'Kunenil of Napolifin III.— lIlncH — 
A Kraoiir<'+'fi»l Djw'lnr— Wj^lkinff itv-r Onc'ii Own hWt . 5TB 



Dr- Kfjiwily'fl Oireer— Th** Knd of Sir Alexandor Cockbum^s Humming 
I'p— The Verdict— A Parting Glance from the Claimant . fiSO 



My Acquaintanre with Three Kinga of i^pain— A Call from Don Juan de 
Itortion — A Parlonr Maid*B Comment on Royalty— ITie Duke ol Aoflta 
"Madri^i tn\^'int4"T — Colonel ** Ho wKomoveT*' and hinNtoriea — Antonio 
ffalli-ngn, Then and Now — Archibald Porb«— Rogor Eykyn— Kinj^ 
Alfontto'ii Entrv— A Jonmey to Zaragoza — Left Behind — Washing with 
CandlcH . '. rm 



Barcelona— A Train attacked hy Carlial* — Leryinff Tribal* — Another 
Attacks the TnHf* Turned— Cordova and Seville— Don Arturo ol 
Bobadilla introduta himMll— Gibraltar- A Charge of Ininlting the 
Bona of the Rock— The King of the Monkeya^Algem . . .610 




ftllMi lUfiniMtiHi at i'i«ii*tfl>»^ 


CirAtTKK tVlll. 

CnAlTKU ux. 

0>ptouOMU«>-Mii^mcUBaMnMCMteUi?vidhc*lallfMttoii. «U 



iklw Into ny ovn IIohh^ !src4^' ol k n 
Vidw^— In -'Aorffty' .^^tiv-Mr. ni>r 

atvUkftf jumI a H*nnrh «f 
HMdf AffAn^-A I>i[iurtaAutiUM tWl^ 4T0 


T1b> Wn«4ft-Chjii(w KutlivilL'^lliff JV^ ^*nti»tii Ann Lftf^ v^ 
Ur. Frxdoitb UirrLPtl i:J*>rtl h'tht-rn ..,.., 



Eternal City. Anciently, I apprehend, our people were 
persons connected witb some J'w/a or court; but whetlier 
as courtiers, clerks, usliers, or beadles, I do not know. 
In the Dark Ages J/f/a seems to have got corrupted into 
Sala- I have frequently, in the course of numerous visits 
during the hist twenty-five years to Bome, sought for in- 
formation touching my grandfather's engendrure ; but I 
could only ascertain that I had a grand-uncle who was 
doniestic prelate to Pope Pius Yl., and was subsequent!}' 
createtl a Cardinal. I believe that he is buried at 
Viterbo, and I have two portly volumes purporting to be 
by **G, A, Sala/' which he published in the last years 
oi the eighteenth century, on the political history of bis 
time. On the other hand, a Spanish gentleman was 
once so kind as to write to me telling me that a branch 
of ouT^ef/s settled some time in the Early Kenaissance in 
Spain, and that one of them rose to the rank of Grand 
Inquisitor. My correspondent courteously forwarded me 
a tracing of the family arms, which I did not elect to 
adopt: first, because I was not desirous to increase my 
contributions to the Inland Kevenue; and next, because 
in these days every cad can get a crest from a fancy 

Apart from the fact that Monsignore Q. A. Sala 
wrote the book to which I have alluded, I have no very 
definite information as to my immediate kindred ; beyond 
a letter which I discovered in a little box covered with 
calfs skin in which my mother used to keep the most 
private of her papers. The letter, in very faded ink, 
was addressed to my father and was dated from Venice, 
Bome time in the year 1815. It was signed NinaBuec^ij 
and the writer appeared to be my progenitor's aunt. 
She had been married, I gathered, to a wealthy 
merchant at Trieste, but bad fallen upon evil days, and 
she sought assistance from my father. The postscript 
was a curious one : " Take care," she concluded, " never 
to say that I danced on the tight-rope at the Carnival 


o£ Venice in I7*fft>" Thus fuinilios Iiuvl* lliuir ujjtf uiid 
dovriL3; and, as worthy Jehu Oxenford unue rhymiugly 
pot it, " Qn*j tfoars hi^^li and onv fiilU flat, uud on<t 
Mcomcv till tfcmWt'* 1 never had the sIi^hU*»t 
itniliitioii or wjmIi In iiinki- it hrliev^l [hut I rHiiii* of 
an Ulii*^trious stock , and it wits for thiit reason that I 
have hei*n quite candid in rcgavd to the *' tight-rojx? '' 
dftncini; incident It 18 not ah with 8umc pt'uplc. 
any a man i?* noi'cv tiivd of tiUiii^ yuu thul his uncle 
wft9 cciuHin-gtf'rmiiu to u biirom-t ; hiil hi.i quite forgets 
to tell yr»u thiit his;^nirdnioth{.>r wiu> a cook. Thiu, it 
huA U'en fijfurati^fly remiirktHl that the mule is ex* 
t^vnK'ly fund ut talkiu;/ aUiiit his timininji the man- : 
but that hv is singularly r<-ti4.:t.*iit conctTniug his papn 
tlie iockags. 

I was the yonngeet* a« I have said, tfi thirtoeti 
children, and of the tour who wore ?iiirvivinj^ ut tho linu- 
of my birth my hruthi^r Frrdi^nck was eight y<?arK iny 
senior: my hmthfT l.'hArlrs wau-v >ii yours, my [i!t.ter 
ugu^ta was four years, and my brother Albart was two 
ytOTM older than myself- Tlicy were all dark, even to 
swarthine^A, and had coal-black hair My eldest sister 
Henrietta had died at Brighton at tb& a^ o( four, in the 
year ISl i, H'-^r l)onL'i4 mi^uUh'r in tim cburcliyard ot the 
old parish church of St.Nkdiulas; and were slie alive now, 
sW would he 4?ighty year& of age. I ha^e a plan of the 
clnm.*hyard drawn hy niy father in an uld letUrr-hook 
with the ekctch of an arrow pointi[jg to " poor Hcttj' » 
gTftV4)" ; and on fine days I cftcu wander into the ancient 
graveyard to ga^e on the r;tump of the media^vaI crosa, 
and to rexui the inHcriptiou on the toitibstones of C&iptuin 
Nicliola^ Tattvi>hall, whu helped Cliarlev IK to escape 
to FruDCe after \Vori>-flt«r h^^ht, iind I'hoibe IIe«sel, 
tbe female grenadier ; but J have never been able to 
find poor Hetty's gmve. 

Sly mother, Henrietta Catherina Florentina Simon, 
a8 a native of Uemeram. Her fiatber wm a wealthy 

f^AlA'S UFk' .LVD AnVKNTrHK!?. 

^^^■er iiAiiiii<r xpin<» 1nin<Iii"(1->« of tilavi>^, tier nll>t^l^^ 
■mra Itmj^iliun Wy frori Kio do Jaiuiro; imtl I think 
that I have beard my mother say tlial there waa eome 
Red In<lian blood in ber mother's ancestry- My poor 
icUter Oii^iy vfun indeed the imagv? of a pretty little 
Tndnn »ianjiw At tbt' nj(p nf four, that i* to hut. tn 
the yeiir 170:1, my inutlivr wns wni Ui Kii^liind for tier 
ediu-atioii. She came to this country in a merch^int 
vM?»et called the Heifnieer^ with a w^hole flotilla of" 
other trading ships, under convoy of a couple of 
frigates. Her guai-diau in Kngknil was a Mr McGarcU, 
who afterwards became an unmcnetely rich merchant ; 
iiml ^lii- was* fti'conjpanied by two iie^'rei*seit aa luirees. 
who, uf cruume. werp ,il;tvt>s- Thewr- jjihhI wnm^^n pasMid 
mtrnt of their time in fitting on the stairs weeping and 
wMihn^ to be scat back to the West Indies, and to 
slavery^ and looking at that fact, T shouM say they 
had not had suoh a very hard timd of it in bondage. 

The Bcliool to which they^juthful Hpumtta Calherina 
Florentina was sent was a huge old brick mansion at 
Konsin^ton. I rememht^r it well ; hut in my I>oyhood it 
had been convrrtrd into a )>riviitt' htnntic rt^yluni, and it 
wan afterwards demolished to nmkL* way for the palatial 
residence built for Baron Albert Grant, hut in which he 
was not destined to take up a pernianent rei^idence ; and 
his palace, like its predooessorft, wft« IcvcUwl to the 
ground. My dear rnothofr often usi'd to tell me of her 
iwhool dajfi, IIuw she used to pay one of the little 
one« A Kniall wet-kly j»tij>end for rrawlinj^ iind(*r thv 
table during eveniug leR»on!< and rubbing her chiU 
blaiiiH, How there were slocks and backboards; and 
how in the couit yard at thf! back there ivoa a riim&hackle 
old yellow chariot, which tht; more advanced pnpils 
were taught to enter and alii^ht from wit!i all proper 
grace and dignity; bo that, if they were fortunate 
enou{rh to marry rich hnshands, th«y might thoroughly 
pndei>tand the mysteries of entering and leaving ,-t 




xamagc* There w^ne a hundred ^irU in tlic ^cliool, 
eoiM very little ones, and sonic htV-en. sislicoii, auo 
seventeen years eld; and thoy were nearly all eitlier 
Eiist or Wes;t Indian*;. In tlioae daye, when the stitt« 
of wurWlW'vii KngLind ;iikI Fiiihct- Inid iu all iiiJjwur* 
nnoe brcomo clironic, calouifil girls Viho came to scIioqI 
in tlieir earlv cluldlood fniiiKntly reinaiut'd in the 
eatne seholnstic edUblialmient unLit titcy vrorc marringe- 
able. Slic used U> tell mc uUo )iovv the bri^ad^and* 
hotter at breakfast and tea wai^ sa abnudant that it had 
to W hroaght in in piledup wicker basketa^ 

For the rest^ the education which she received was 
A splendid one VVc talk a grmt deal in thes[- diiyM 
about the " higher ediication " of gtrli<, and tht* immense 
progrcw whicli has beon made in the intt^dlcctual 
tminin^ of onr daughterb iLt high scliools and coUcgDfl^. 
and -it (iirtoD and Newnhain. I frt-ely grant that my 
mother never had any k;itd of mntheimiticad tnuiunffj 
in the MMisf* ordinarily used, ultlioiij^di hhi.^ w:ik h cupil-all 
accountant — and, unless 1 iuii luifitiikun, jirithin'^tit is a 
hnnch of mathematics - but othcrwino she was taught, 
I apprehend, quite a^ eartfully and quite lu amply 
as young ludics at the highest oC higli i^cIlooIs id 
Uibt scientific era. French bIio learned perfeotly from 
an old Frencli imlg^-^ Marquis, who wa«* only too glud 
to earn a Ijvelilnjod by iinpitrtiiig \\\s delightful lan- 

fnage to Itf- dvmrmdlca An^iiii*f»^ She vri"olc a clear, 
rni, le^^iblet but delicate and feminine hand. In those 
days the writing-master waa a very important pcp 
sonage in ladies' sohooU; and the art of construi;ting 
" flourishes " was sedulously cultivated- She drew 
aclmiriibly, and t\xfs sauy b«-autifully, heiug gifted with 
a cbanniDg meszo-ftcprano voice, S!iu was a [lerftcb 
pianoforte player; but more tbnn a!l the^c, wa^ :tli« 
Iboronghly welbrt^ad in Kngii-sh titenituiv of tlie 
highest kind, Hume, Itobi^rtaon, l*opc. Swift, Addison* 
and ^ti^de woit familiar to Iter; and to her I>eiug 


well-versed in the writings of the great tbeologiane 
o£ the seventeenth century, I owe the addictivenesa 
which I have always had for such writers as Baxter, 
Hooker, Stillingfleet, Jeremy Taylor, South, and 
Barrow, whope sermons and essays T have been 
continually copying out and striving to imitate for 
more than forty years, and who have often helped me 
over a stile in some of the many thousand leading 
articles which I have contributed to a single London 
daily newspaper, and which the envious and the foolish 
usually agree to say are "knocked off." Knocked off, 
forsooth ! They have been ground out of my brains 
in the course of a life more than half of which has been 
devoted to systematic and unwearying study. 

I was christened at the Church of St. Mary, Wynd- 
ham Place. My godfather was a Captain Fairfield, whose 
son I have yet sometimes the pleasure to meet in society ; 
and from the Captain, I surmise, I got my third Christian 
name of Henry, My godmothers were, first, the Hon, 
Mrs. Geoi^ina Villiers, who had been a Miss Elphinstone 
and was the daughter of Viscount Keith, the Admiral 
whose unpleasant duty it was to convey to Napoleon 
the intelligence that the British Government intended 
to deport him to St. Helena, Lord Keith died five 
years before I was bom; but I well remember the 
Viscountess Keith, a little old lady in a black silk 
calash who lived at HO, Piccadilly. When I was 
about ten or eleven my mother used to take me some- 
timcN to see the Viscountess. She always gave me a 
guinea; while to my parent she would make a highly 
acceptable present of a bottle of old port wine. I was 
wont to eye her furrowed but beautiful features very 
intently ; and I am afraid tlie good old dame must have 
thought that I was a very rude boy and was trying to 
stare her out of countenance. But there was a very 
good reason why 1 scanned her so attentively. My 
mother had told me that Lady Keith waa one of the 


daii^ht^r? of Mrs. Hester Thralo ; that slie had boei 
Dr. Johnson's *' CiaovuEe," and had oHou sat on th6" 
kneo of thjit t^rv^it :uid ^ood iiihii. My second |^d* 
matlipr WMS LhjIv .'V'»^u*itJi Fiticlaretice, one of tJifl 
rhildreu of William Iv, hy tin' ileliglitUil Dcin^thy 
Jordan. She wan afterwan).** Lady AugnnU Uonlon, 
»Dd eventually I^ly Aa^t3t«t;i Koniudy l!^r^kme, niid 
I remember viTritin^ her when <{uite a little boy at' 
fCeD8in}*toii P;Uaoe, where i^he filled some bin<l of office, 
I have a little more to aay in connection with my 
buptinm. Two or tbiee years nuv an luikiiowii r-nmlt* 
coiTt-j-jiondtrnt wrote to ine »jiying that she wjw thu 
poMQtJor of niY •rbri^tcnin^ cup. Whether sho m«hed 
id present that tritlm^ article ot iittkntUe attire to nie 
i4 M gift, or whether ^er whix wa^ to part with it for 
rAoonstderation, I am not certain. 1 am afraid in any 
IM that I never hiwwitxhI ber letter. Ajiruin, a fiw 
days ift^ I landetl in Melbourne in 18^5, a x'enflmbte 
laay called upon me at Mensies Hotel and infornu'd 
no that ithe bad held me in her armn at the baplic^imit 
font. She wa» very talkative and very nice; and I 
think she did not ^ ainay without ^omo »Ii^btly Kuh- 
etanti:il appreciution on my ptirt of the honour which 
ihe bad done me in the winter of \>iiS; but oddly 
coon^b. tt chanced that dining that HtOr-Kaiiir- evening 
[§Jt (vovernmeut Hou^f^ with the ibrn f iiiv4-rnor o[ 
Viotoria, Sir Henry Locli. 1 inoidt-ntally aliudcd to tliu 
visit paid tno by the nice old hidv. " Dear mi-/' quoth 
His Kicelleney, "a nice old lady suelj a^ you describe 
oalled on me a short time after my arrival in the 
ooloiiv; and »>be lufornK^d nie that xbe bad held me in 
ber nrmn at the baptinm,!! font i>ver k> ntany )e»nf 
ago." Well : we are all bom to fulbl ftonie lunction 
or another Thi« lady'?* ealling in life wiis evidently 
lo bohl ImbieH when tbey vveiY» chriRtened, Perhaps 
shi* wa8 a third ^odmotlKT wlK»;e name bad et^Lcaped me. 
A fairy gmlniotber, puKHibly. 


T am now about to mention a circumstance which 
may provoke a considerable amount of incredulity. That 
I have generally speaking a fairly retentive memory is 
simply due to the fact, that early in my teens I began 
systematically to cultivate and to discipline and exercise 
that memory day by day and night by night, with a 
view to the conservation and utilisation of one of the 

Sleasantest und most profitable of human faculties, 
<ut there are spontaneous phenomena of memory; and 
I unhesitatingly assert that I have a perfectly distinct 
remembrance of the death of George IV., who breathed 
hie last, as everybody knows, in the month of June, 1830, 
when I was less than two years old. Who told me 
the king was dead, and how I heard it I know not; 
but there is the fact, and to it I will add the circum- 
stance that the announcement of the death of the 
Fourth George is indisBolubly associated in my mind 
with a yellow postchaise. The only theory that I can 
possibly form on the subject is that the dying monarch 
was attended in his last moments by two most eminent 
medical men, Sir Henry Halford, and Sir Matthew 
Tiemey. Tlie last was my mother's intimate friend, 
and frequently attended me in my early childhood; and 
it is just, as I say, within the bounds of possibility that 
he may have driven up to town from Windsor in a 
postchaise, and conveyed the mournful intelligence to 
my mother, in my presence. 

I remember nothing else till the year 1832. Of 
the great cholera epidemic of that year I preserve a 
photographic recollection. We lived in North Audley 
Street opposite the town house of the Earl of Clarendon, 
One of the servants in his lordship's household had 
died of cholera. The coflfin, bound with ropes, was 
brought out to be placed in the heai'se ; but an immense 
mob bad collected, as there was a rumour that the body 
had not been washed; and something very like a riot 
broke out ; so serious was it that a company of the Toot 


had to be eent for from the Eidjawnt Pcrtmaa 
Street B:trrack8. I can heitr the hoai'se roar of tlie 
populaco And see the red coa,tA and wlilto troibieis of 
tho flo]di«K, now. 

Then; is ouly uiie iiion^ remiDUcirnce of our liouse 
in North Audley Street that lingers !n my mind The 
room in ^\'hioli i itlept wa* in the t-op of th<^ house; it 
%i%-^ A front room; &ud [ vfit^-i u ^leepl&ts littb chilii 
By what by mc ignored process of sciography the 
phenonienoE came iihuui, or whether that whicb I 
saw wiLs merely the offspring uf the iinagiaation, I 
will not undertake to ddterniine ; but t have a clear 
rrrcolIficUon «>f th« shad'pwM of two j^igiiTjtic fi^un^ 
which Mcmcd to nic to be prujei::lxKii now on tho 
OGiUng. and now en my bed, where I wv^ tossing and 
tamblUi^ a sleepless, invalid little urchin. Then the 
m<^ntnl curtain f«ll again, to rise only with very brief 
intorvalk for thrt-^y^arv. t wa* t*>ld in afti-r-lift' that to 
my infancy T wa* M-iit out t« iinrs'? at K^l^warc Sixty 
years ago children, taken from tlio care of the monthly 
DUFM, u^d to be handled into tiie country and kept thcro 
for four or five i>r six year«. When 1 wa.'* al>cnt six, 
il appvors that my imn»<; at Eil^waro mx^ infurmt^l that 
I was about to l>o removed from hcrr custody. Probaltty, 
T vraa a proGtahle bantling with whom, for substantial 
reaMunn, Hhe wan unaillin^ to ji^irt. dud iiiit* evinct^d her 
di3tj>leii«ure at my beiii^ iakrn auray in a ri'inark^bly 
dociistVL' inaimcr I hud had jui attack of titc measles; 
and while 1 wafirpcovcriuij, this fltrcu;^ minded woman — 
it was in the month of March — opened every door and 
window in her cottage ^nd left them open for a con- 
hidtfrahle tiuu*. Ttiu re»nlt w;u a UttrrihW attack of 
inflammation. L tnmed pnrple, 1 lont my hrjiriiig, and. 
■omo time afterwards, I lost my sight. 




Sir Wftthon Wallor — Tho Rttyal Kitcbena at the BrightoJi Pavilion— ftufferiog 
Many Tliingi Ht the Hnnda of Doctoifl— Total BliDdnotts — Homui^thic 
Treatment— Rwovory— A "Rummy** Eve — Learaing to Reed and Write 
—The Teacher Taught— A 'Oieory of Memory. 

There were scenes of duskiness and dimness and 
twilight before the actual Night came. I was taken, I 
think, to almost every eminent oculist in London, and 
to many physicians and sut^ons besides, who included in 
their practice the treatment of diseases of the eye. Sir 
Wathen Waller, who had been physician to George IV., 
saw me early in the 'thirties. Se had apartments in 
one of the minarets of the Pavilion at Brighton^ All 
I remember of him was that he had a fully powdered 
head, which, to my nervous thinking, he wa^ed at 
me in a far from encouraging manner. Otherwise, I 
was much more interested with the Royal kitchens at 
the Pavilion, through which, by special favour, we were 
conducted. The Bright copper stew-pans, the huge 
roasting ranges, the cooks in their white caps and 
jackets and aprons, filled my childish mind ^'ith rapture; 
and the scene which I saw at Brighton in the early 
days of William IV- reverted to me brightly and 
vividly when, long afterwards, the late Lord Alfred 
Paget kindly took me through the kitchens of Windsor 
Castle, where unusual activity was reigning in con- 
sequence of the visit of the Emperor Alexander II. 
of Russia to Her Majesty the Queen, soon after the 
marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh to the Tsarevna. 

Then, also in Brighton, Lawrence, of the Grand 
Parade, had something to do with my unfortunate 

BUypXS^ AJW JJTHirjilA? 


1 1 of^ansi aod in Loniloo I vras t«kt*ii to llw 
''fiuDOVU Lftwrvnee ot Wbitehol), ogaio^t whom th<rn> 
was a tremmdotbi oulcrj' just Uieii iu p»>iMljr"^H»dy 
oarelen, m cub^cqucaoc of s^mc nittivr lict^ivKlox opimon* 
of which the great sui)*^n liwi deliv(rn»il htm«i>ir in 
tii^ *x>uTw ot fKHoe lectures on physioloju Tii»* <*Ult» r 
Onthri^ abo wa^ kind ^Quugb to give my niuthcr tti^ 
beaaGt ^f hir* -ulvinv A st^^ni, rugose. *<viinHgly 
crabby) but mUj- kind-hearted mun wikn Mr. ii<s>rtf<i 
Jame« Qathrie, Ue had boeo an army Mi^eon of 
kt dtEtinctioQ 1 and in that capacity ho \v\i\ ninputatiHl 
leg of the Marque^^t of Aiiglest^y. tthitOi \nw fnu> 
tur^ by the laiit i^hiit, f^^ they stuid, fired at th<> battio 
.tJ Wati^IiMi, Oiithrif's sv>ii Cliiirh^ iilsn U-camn a diJi* 
'titiguuhed surgeoD, and was a d<k4hiii;^ young man 
about town in the days when I too wan raiiihliii|f 
on the outskirts* of Huhcmia- Of Sir Mallhi*w Tiemoy 
I have already madv montion ; and I f^honld alM> 
enumeruto Sir Jaine« Clark aH one of the kind doctors 
who f^w me. heanl the t'«talogiK' i)f my >yiii|d<ini*, 
gavL- uilvice, and would take iio leLv 

I »huddr*r now, sometiine!^, when 1 tUiuk of the 
tortnreft that I underwent through the kind endcaroura 
of tbone who loved mc to make mc ^e- I will not 
litively say that my eyes w^re ever taken out and 
scniped, and then put back again: hut my niLHttcal 
advisers Mwmeil Ui ruiit*tiiijjl:iti* hui-Ii o[ierations, sul^Ii 
rxtreme pmrfssi--'* ; Hiid itrtpi>rjirr(l In iiiti tliat Hiirgifal 
;renoe almost cvhauft^d herself in cndcavourA to lighton 
ly imminent darkness. How many tinier have I boon 
ip|Hfd i how many do/tnti of leeches have been upjilied 
'tu my temples! Theii the qiia«kt< had u turn. My 
eyes were rubbed wit)i '"goldvn ointment '*: and I waa 
rinaide in tnki.' Kome noNtrum called, I think, " Qrimstune's 
lye 8nufF.'' I knew (^IriiiiKtmiH in tlie flesh t*(>mo 
fifteen years after I hud, all unwittingly, inhahrd his 
Iwrbo] snuff. He ki'pt a tobacconist':* Hhop in ' 



Street, St. Gileses. He was a merry man with a great 
liking for the drama; and I uf^d to do profitable 
business with him by getting pictorial advertisements 
of his name into the "comic business" of the panto- 
mimes. Then the strange device was tried of piercing 
my ears. I perfectly remember the operation, which 
took place at a jeweller's shop in the Quadrant, 
Regent Street ; and if I feel the lobes of my ears now, 
although the orifices have long since been closed, , the 
piercing in still palpable. After that they shaved 
my head. A wig it was not considered expedient that 
I should wear ; but a black silk handkerchief was bound 
round my head, and the fringe of this kerchief was 
supposed to do duty as hair. It wa.s under these cir- 
cumstances, I think, and when the twilight was getting 
murkier and murkier every week, that I once heard my 
mother's maid speak of me to my nurse — a very 
different person from the female who tried to kill me — 
a£ " that miserable little object.'* I have not the 
slightest doubt that I was an "object "; and I am sure 
that what with the doctors and the leeches and the 
cupping, 1 was intensely miserable ; but the contu- 
melious expression of the lady's maid cut into my heart 
as though with a sharp knife. It was almost a relief 
when the twilight deepened into night, and I was 
totally blind. 

Through Gods mercy I was not unhappy while 
I was a blind boy. I had, as I have already stated, a 
dear sister named Augusta. "When I became sightless 
I could neither read nor write ; but I was an observant 
child, and had otten had my ears boxed for asking 
questions and listening too attentively to the conversa- 
tion of my elders. How many thousands of clever 
children have been made wretched through the cruel 
stupidity of parents in giving effect to the accursed 
proverb that ** little pitchers have long ears!" The 
faculty of observation, of curiosity, and of retaining 

ifi tlie mind that which i^ accfutrt'd should beaiti^idiiuiMly 
(^tiUiviiUKl hv <"vt'rv judieion* parvut.. Tn li vast majijrity 
of inatanocii, stupid iiiothpm do their very 1>e*;t to pre- 
vent th^tr children Ipamin^ th>^ thin^ji which in ah^r* 
lifc wili he tiio raost oscfultd them. Out <»f' th*- dc|j1h«> 
th«n, of mj ne<!t^<ity caniti the i^wi>et, Ittvf voice of my 
»i«U-r to cheer, to comfort, .iiid t^i lirip mt\ for, 
hoiii^ wvcry duy ^lt*» rea^l to nur First flio liible 
mtd storifx for children mid fuJry t^iWs ; nftt-mvards 
buoliti of hUtory, of travels, and hio-^raphy ; luwily, 
rtu€h extmclH trom the new.^jmpni-ti of the diiy i\s .she 
thought 1 oould understand— -atid [ vt-Ery suon inidcr- 
rtood a ^roaX deal more than the tWr httltr fioul 
wotti'd of- 

I nmlly do uot know how long I whs completely 
deprived oi sight ; hxxi I do know Lbat tlivre (^mne after 
long, Um^ w^titing :l voice* in julditioii to ihoNtT of my 
int>thcr, my mlcr and my iiur^c. It waa o. voicfi 
ftpe^kinff Eugli^h with u. ittron^ French accent: bein^; 
tliat indeed of t;ood I>r, Cur^e, :i French homoeopathic 
physician, and a pnpil, if I am not mi^tak^D. of th^* 
tainoiiA HahnemaiMi, I was xubjci'tcd to homoeopathit^ 
trt-»tniiMit, and };ut on tin* ]i(»m€<?upEitliic diirtary: dry 
brvad and biscuit, macaroni and vprmicelli plainly 
dre!wcd» meat jellies, WiUc! chicken i no salmon, but 
plenty of oysters, bsef-tea, proen vo^etablos, plain cua* 
tard?, ai'rowTx>ot, ffwoet curds, prost^rv^ applci*, slewed 
rhtiliarl), and >io forth. No wine iior btvr, no inn<^gar, 
no picking, and no swhul. Dr. Curoe maintaint^d titat 
my was only an acute form of intlanniialion of 
the mucous membrsine of the eycr; and I iliink that 
his globules and dilutions comprised iirnica, aconite, 
tttid puUstilla, witli itorae niy^^tcnoiiH medicament, 
whieli I lifti^rwarde read in liiH prescription a« '* Mer- 
cariua Sol : " 

lie wafl unfailingly and iiidefatigablv careful in 
hia Ireatmeot of me, and icpeatedly told my Eoother 


that the days were not far o£E *'ven T should vear 
the vine green shade over mine eyes before seeing like 
a gentlemans'' ; and the days o[ the green shade did 
come after a long, bitter, and, but for my sister, 
heart-breaking time, and I Saw. T recovered entirely 
the sight of one eye; recovered it so perfectly that I 
was ablci during some 3'ears, to follow the craft of 
an engraver on metal and stone j recovered it so 
completely that I acquired a minute handwriting, in 
which T have indited thousands of leaders, and para- 
graphs, and forty books of fiction and travels and 
adventures- The otber eye — the right one — has never 
been good for much. Closing the left eye, I can see 
witb tbe '* duffer " a bright llglit or a fjice, or the page 
of a newspaper held close to me, and nothing else. In 
this, the evening of a long, laborious, and bappy life, 
I am most profoundly grateful to Heaven for tbe good- 
ness shown to me in allowing me to retain even this 
spark of vision; and if I go blind again, I shall not 

I cannot help laughing in this connection at a re- 
mark once made by my good friend Edward Lawson, 
editor and chief proprietor of the Dai/^ Tehgraph^ to 
my wife, who, conversing witb hini on some business 
topic, incidentally remarked that *' George had only 
one eye." *' Yes," replied the gentleman who is now 
Sir Edward Lawson, Bart., " but that is a rummy one I " 
If it bad not been a '* rummy" one» I should not have 
done that wbich I have done, little as the sum of my 
labours may appear to be. 

I have said that when I partially recovered my sight, 
I was quite ignorant of the simple arts of reading and 
writing; and so soon as I was pronounced valid by 
Dr. Cur^e, and was emancipated from the green shade 
bondage, I was taught by my sister to read. Of course, 
I knew the alphabet: it was only the signification of 
the different letters that I had to acquire ; and I got 



ati immen^ty of ao^istdDoe in this direction from 
natural ^aphic j^ift. At all t-vents, I drew, firtlT 
OD a filat^, and ^fti'Twurdti on pHpi-r, all the aipttaU 
and the miDii^uIes over hiuI tivcr nirniii, back^v^iirdic 
and u]L^i(le dciwn ; and thtif^ lortitied, I hegan to 
>itui»blf\ fir^t ihnntgh th^^ New T^tament, and next! 
tliroiif^lj tlio coltunn?» of i\\*} 7Vww ncwNjfapor. I was 
SIX montli!^ ikt thit^ iiio^t fuscinutin^ tif hard Jubour ; tlu'n, 
without any a^istance at all, beyijiid tliat <>f a sti-ong 
will and determination, and tlie eiercise of ihi? gviiphic 
faculty' witli wliicli T wii3. r^iiduw^^d, I taii&^lit iiij.>elf 
to wriU\ Mr, Kdwai-d Kmilirl, whu had been my 
fatber'A solicitor, and who contiuui-d to act a^ my 
incitbcr'^ Ic^al advistr, gave mt- a tall folio i-ntitlcd 
"The Universal PenuiEhn, Engraved by Oeorgo JJictc- 
banir Prinii-d for tin? AaUn»r, and Sent to tlie Siibftcribcrs 
if Living witbiii tbv HilU of MorUilitj, I iii-i" I luivt- 
Uiat folio in my library now. An imnit*tiN4.r viirit-ty 
of •ip^cimeaa of calligraphy, iiiuning h^inds, upnj^ht 
handii, black letter, [irint, Iar^<^ and finialK 1 greedily 
00D4iid<*Ted, and ec>picd from Hickham'.^ copper- plates^ 
ofery oii« of wliicb was btadrd with ^^inblematie sculp* 
tQivc. ropn-feeiitinff r^B|jectivL'ly Kntiwkdi^ts ('onjnnTce, 
BdoeatJon, Minerva, Pega&u^. Mt'rcnry, HrlUuini^, IVIt^- 
tnachu}i, atid Tlih Maji-f*ty King (iourgr 11., in a full 
Bowing ]>cnwtg. I u.v-d fo sh on a little low ^tool 
with "The Universal IVnumn " propped up caaelwicie 
a^fainftt some oihev book on thu carpet; and on my 
d raw iij]^' board, wbicb [ hidd on my kne^-. I imitated 
uot only tlii' diil'(?renL styles uf handwriting, bnt albo, 
ii% wi'll &!& I uiiild, tb<- einbluinatii.' ^tmlntni'eit at the 
tojj of Ww |Mtgi.-s and L<spwial1y tli<; tli>urisbe:s betwt^eu 
the different panigraplis^Homishcs Hkc swans, like 
cflgleti with ont^prcjid wings, like cornttcopiIl^. like 
the waves of tbi> sen, like ^hips in full sail, and like 
ft^stooii!* of flower*. 

Manifestly, this wai* not th<» J>n>p<'r way of Wrnin^ 


to write. I ought to have sat at a table with mj 
elbowB properly squared, holding a quill pen between 
the thumb, the forefinger, and the third finger, with 
the fourth finger and the little finger a little bent. 
Aa a matter of fact, I held my pen as I hold it 
DOW, between the thumb and the fore-finger, in an 
almost perpendicular position, and "pegged" as I still 
"peg" away. My mother would occasionally take me 
in hand and give me a lesson in the orthodox fashion, 
which she had learned from her writing-master at the 
great boarding-school at Kensington ; but no great 
success attended her efforts, and the lesson usually 
ended, either by her boxing my ears if she was in 
an evil temper, or, if she was in a good one, by her 
laughingly telling me to follow ray own devices. 

And now occurred a strangE^ thing. I must have 
been, I should say^ either eight or nine years old by 
this time. My sister unconsciously had taught me a 
large number of things. From the books which she had 
read to rae, J had gathered a fair knowledge of English 
and French history; J was familiar with at least a 
dozen of the Waverley Novels ; I had the popular 
version of the Arabian Nights at my tongue's end; 
and I had begun to be minutely conversant with 
and intensely interested in the career of Napoleon 
Bonaparte. One of the first books that I read 
after I recovered my sight was Barry O'Meara's 
"Voice from St Helena.'* Thus it came about that 
BB soon as I had the full power of my one eye, and 
could read distinctly and write legibly, I begun to 
teach my sister. Out of the pigeon-holes of nay 
mind which she (Lord love her!) had filled to reple- 
tion with fucts, I was able to impart to her things 
which had only made a transient trace on her own 
dear intellect. It was settled that her vocation in 
life was to be that of a governess ; and she and I 
read systematically and industriously,— I being the 

lireci'ptor,'— till filic was sent to a ladies' school in tlie 
umih) l*drade, Urightoii, pi^eparatory to being " finished *' 
ID Paris. 

It iis luv finii Md unuUei'abk' Ix^licf^ ofU-n repeated!, 
that, 6o loDf; us our nn-ntul faculties luive not f;Lllen 
into decay, we do not and we cimnot Ibr^et anythui^. 
Carlyle wa^ uf tht? contrary upinitm. Jle lu'ld tliat the 
bunmn initid witidd only Imhl a givrit f[i]aiL('ity of 
things; that quantity to bo dtrU'iminrd by the mental 
atpacity of the recipient ; iind that cvlu in tlit CJise 
of the aptest intellectual oT^anisation, whon the caak of 
nMinory waA, Eo to B{>eak, full to the bung, it would 
b<j m^r)4*iiry to t*x|K'l wtinit* item of kiiowlttd^c to make 
room for Uw nyw-comrr, just, as it hji« h^r^n humorously 
Haid, that if the (Jcrernment planed an adtlitional 
Itriti^h soldier on the Uland uf Malta, another soldier. 
lUtxndy in ^arri--on thotv. woidd fall otf. 1 should 
bo w»t<.'hcd if I believed thnt ftuch wa« irdoiid tlie 
tmtli. I hold that wo can always Ik^ loarriinfj; fnvh 
thingv: and by the i^xert^-ive of ihe will ko dii^etpline 
and subordinate our memory as to retain both the 
uhi and the new knowkdge which we have gathfn:'d. 
I lovo to think oi" Michael Ang^^lo eiichty 
year* of ugOt makinsj^ a drawing of himself u« u littl;; 
child in ago-cart, wtlh the inf^cnptioii heiieatlu " Ancora 
impara '— tttill he leurMt ; — and I am fLirtilled in thi^ 
<re«<l by the conviction that if a man had all the 
Uraniing of sl Ik-nan, a lluxley. a Jov\ctt, or a Grimm, 
the erudiUoii wht^li \\v hud hc^ipud \\\} would ntill 
be only of the nature of ft f^ruiu oE Muid in the 
tmnionM) plain of the thini^ii which he had yet to 
leam. that there are ^ood memorieii and bad 
Bieinorie« I ^upgiose 1 must C4>ncede; but tii«- womt 
of mcmorirH luuiuh] be iiuprovi-d and devrtnped hy 
diftci[diuc, training', and the exercise of ^ttn1 Tolition ; 
whereas the beat mcmorica will go to seed and become 
useless if the rein of diflciplioe be relaxed. 





Cftptain Qnt^—A ^^FunctiDn" *i1houtHeir«BhmonU— QreedineHof thaPreamt 
Ago^Mv Itlothc^r Hnd Kliza VfmtriB — The Fonn«T*B I'ntroDMSH — A Tributa 
loQueon Vidorin — Ilftrriot ildlon— 'Ite Bflronem Hurdrtt-Coutt*— Notable 
Confcctioncrj' — Vi*oiinti«s C^omliormete — " L«jl Out" lor the Evening 
The Moatfr of {JeremoDiefl at Brighton — ^lalibran and hsr Fen — Pagtmni 
Sfcotohed — Hill Love o( Gold and his (.icmerwiity. 

It mutit have been in the year iy35 that I began to 
be consecutively cogni^nt of the world and its ways. 
I have fixed on this ]>articular year for a good many 
reasons. My mother livt»d for a third of the year in 
London; six months at Brighton; and the remainiDg 
three months ehe usually passed in great country 
houses, both as a guest and in pursuit of her profes- 
sion as a teacher of singing in the Italian manner. In 
1885 we were living in Cannon Place, off the King's 
Itoad. A regiment of Guards— the Scots Fusiliers — 
were in garrison at the time ; and I recall to mind 
the trim figure of Captain Gage of that distinguished 
corpH, in full uniform, swinging his bearskin to and fro 
io my mother's little drawing-room, and tilling her, 
in tearful accents, that Charles Fitzherbert was dead. 
The friend whom he was lamenting was the only son of 
Mr. Thomas Fitzherbert, a Roman Catholic gentleman 
of ancient lineage, and a near connection, I believe, 
of George the Fourth's Mrs. Fitzherbert. Thomas 
Fitzherbert was taller, and gaunter, and more grissled 
than Abraham Lincoln, and he was a perfect type of 
the courteous, dignified gentleman of the old scliool. 
He was a firm friend of my mother; and when we were 
in town, and I was ten and my sister fourteen, we 

mtrf/H'rtix is rah: uluks TiMK. in 

to naske freijuent pil^rimaj^n to tii^ cliEmberti in 
r«ktir>-)y ^tH'sikin^, ».« tail »x liiiiHcir at the 
^|ji>l|i-«afit cortuT of Hanover Sqnftm, tlitf ftti^fule of 
which mansion fihibit^d. and may still f'ibibit, o won- 
droiul^' beautiful ^jiecittioii of Uk- bricklayin}^ ot the 
ttLvXy Goor^at) cm, Tbo houne had been at one time 
iu thu occiijjftlioii or tb;it Viwconnt PalnuTritoii who 
wrote tbf> ivelUknown utni L-\'(|iiiNitrly-toiic1uti^ liiittri 
oil tbe ileath jF ln«4 vi-ile from <.<oii>iUinptioii. 

Cii|>laiu <«ugi', will) hu (Ii'plori?*! tbt? iWtli of Oliarl^ft 
t^tdiirrljirrt., J knew Atb^rward^n in my udoleAineTLCc um 
Major and as LieuUrnant-Culoni^l (ifagc- U<; lis*c<l 
to a {^L^at a^L*. l>ut was kindly, clicorv^ and inorry 
to tbt' ladti aud so late as IStiJ, my deceaewl friend 
Lieutenant'Colouel Ford of the Scots Ouard»— whose 
acqujiiiit;iiioi>, vrbicli 1 ntjult? iit Moiitivnl, in Ciinudd, 
ill \biV'\, ri)KrnL^l into »ii fLtTrctioniiU*! friencUliip, k-r- 
minatiDg only with bi« life — told mc that Colonel 
or QcnomI Oo^c was at that period still a constant 
frequenter of tlio atolls »t the theatres, and was known 
OM " iircen" Qage. 

Htf wji»t not the only officer of the Huuseliold 
Brigadu who Maa a L-onstaiit ^pst B.t my mothers 
house in Onnort Place. She hud earned, indee*!, the 

Sleasant twbriquct of the *' Mother of the Guardft " -. and 
er Wodiic-sday ufternoons were assiduously frequented 
by the dashing youn^ sLibalteriit of the Soot* Fusilien; 
whom shw dili^iitly Nchooled in i\\\il tfninJe m<mihrt of 
whk'h i^\v waH the undoubted po?^L'Ksor. The greatest 
ladies in the laud used to cmne ta tliosi^ ivceptiniix, 
vrbere not so mndi ua a cup of ten wn.4 ha^tually 
oderc<L People came only to talk and to listen to good 
mtuic; and the music, I can nssjre you, was worth 
listening; to. The present age J cannot help thinking 
to be an extremely greedy one. However trifling may 
be the filiation, ScK-ii'ty will iiui willingly pationisp it 
miloiu Win proci^cdiii^s inciuilt- numethiu^ to eat jtnd 

drink, Tlie Hn^ i^die^ vfao an«id aeimtioDa] trialfl 
tako iMs*^ of s4ni3wii:h*^ Aad dasks of sherry with 
thorn 1 aiul wheu they l-Tii^h it fav'^me tber hare scarcely 
tiui-^tkHl a p^em^HViis lueV: vben ther be^o to drive 
from house lo hi ws*^ stuS^s: tht-m^etyes with t«a, bread* 
aml'bntter. pluni-c^ko. md chocolate-creams. Not 
d^H^s the ,!^v late dinner oi which they sabsequently 
partake jm^vem them inyiw stv^rming the refreahmeDt- 
buttets AX tii'ihiouaWe ' At Homes " and fiercely 
^^truifijliiit; for :,;r:' .r> ' ;> yrn*. sandwiches, ices, and 
ohiiminiiriie-cup, They eonelmle a davV gormandising 
by suppini: after the ojvra or the plav at the Savoy 
or th«t Bristol. 

You may tell me that it was always thus in 
patrieijin soeieiy. 1 d<^ny it- IxK^k at the toilet 
snue in UoLT.irtVs - Mariaj-e a la Mode," To be 
»\\Ti\ the hlaek s^Tvaiit is handing a cup of chocolate 
l^> \My Belly Modish or 1-ady Kitty Frisk, or her 
aiiulo^ui^ ; but at lf:i>t the iray company are not 
<^!Unii:, They ure lau^hiiii:^ ehuttinir, stnLrinir, tootling 
;^i» thr Ihito, anil ivrlups llining a little. That 
w wiuil tli,'v used to do in Cannon Place, Brighton, 

My niother had Invn left, in ISiS, a widow, with 
i;" i»n»ney to s|H^ak of, and with live children to support. 
' i'^ wjLs a handsome matron, jnst past her fortieth year, 
^^^■f IMehnv ill erayous. drawn by a Miss Dnimmond, 
M'h iH rujriaved in an article that appeared on her in 

'itiiv r ^^^"^ *^* '^^"^ ^^^^y • 

himI \' ^'^urso, remember her aR something majestic, 
i,I y^i'l '"^; "t times positively awful. In the portrait 
ihrc-,. ^ *i "I^^'*'^ ^**^ ^» » beautiful woman of thirty- 
H till'-., "*' dressed in ringlets very high, and with 

'"id a "storaachet," as it was then called, of 


jew«l£i, the latter over a bodice of eatin, Thiw whs tte 
irmB which ehe had worn on her tir^t public appear- 
anm, in 1857, 4t Cov^jnt (.hmteii Thwitrc, th<»]i mkder 
the matiAgt'iirrEiti of (<bnrU-i4 Kfrrnbli.', in thv c-lianji^b-r 
of the Countess Almavira^ in a fearf ally- mutilated. 
pat<:hed, and cobbled version of Mozart'^ Marriage of 
Kg^ro^ I am sorry to eay that the mutilator, patcher, 
aod cobbler wa?! iliat superb iCnt^lish muKicUn, Sir 
Henry B. BUhop. The Susauiia of tht^ evening was thd 
enchanting EIikh Vestris, then — she was just tliirty — 
in the golden noontide of litr beauty. I am afraid 
that my mother and Madame did not get on very well 
that evening. 'I'lioy wcr' jjood frionJ;* in after-life; 
but I htive heard that on the niglit of luy motlivr'e» 
d^tni there was a " tiff " between them behind the 
scenes, and even on the sta^j^e itself, which, in the 
middle of one scene, the wilful VesUis abritptly left- 
She w«» rerjilk-<l, how*^ver, by tlir uproar of the 
audienct . and, as a peacc*o9crin^. san^ — shade of 
Mozart I— the ballad of '* IVe Been Itouming." 
Perhap VefltJis was jealous of the Bumptuomi jewels 
worn by ray motlier, Poor *onl ! The |]fomft were not 
h4*r own. They had bum lent Uy Ikt tor tlie occ^aHioii 
by Lady Poh^ the wife of the gallant Adniiml ^ir 
Charles Morice Pole, whofie daughter. Mim Anna 
Pole, had been a pnpil of my parent, who taught the 
young lady nol> indeed, to .*4ing, but to flpe^ ; uince 
ithe had been born almost wholly dumb; uiul my 
mother had, with infinite pains, and by mwns of 
>oin«i in}^nious process connected with an ivory ball 
t*> be rolled beLwet*ii the tongue and the leeth, 
«a<!oeeded in impiirtiiig to hrr the powrr of articidat^ 

My father's foitunea had been waning for «orae 
mouths before bis death. 1 have sorrowfully verified 
thai fact by finding in \\\» account- books frequent refer- 
enoe« {t> " South Sejw sold oul^" " ConwU sold out," and 


so forth; while in a scrap-book full of old-time cari- 
catures and newspaper cnttiags appears the alarmiDg 
entry: — " Mr. Luscombe, money-lender, Bennett Street 
St. James's. Call at eleven." Happily for herself, 
throughout her brilliant and prosperous married life — 
1814*1828 — my mother had been perfecting herself in 
the vocal art; and, as I have said in a previous chapter, 
she was not only a very sweet singer, but an accom- 
plished pianist. She was a pupil of the famous Velluti, 
one of the last of tht^ male sopratn ; and she presided 
at the pianoforte at his academy of vocal music. At 
the death of my father ahe took with indomitable 
courage to the profession of a teacber of singing. 
Terms for such tuition were then very higli ; and she 
easily obtained a guinea or a guinea and a half for a 
single lesson. 

She had the countenance of the good Queen Ade- 
laide, of two of the Royal princesses, daughters of 
George III., and of the Duchess of Gloucester. Even 
after the accession of our present beloved Sovereign, 
my parent still enjoyed some markB of Royal patron- 
age. Every year, until her final retirement into private 
life, she gave concerts in London ; and, prior to these 
performances, a programme, printed on white satin 
and edged with Brussels lace, used to be sent to 
the Queen, at Buckingham Palace* The offering was 
invariably acknowledged by a cheque for ten guineas. 
I mention this trifling circumstance because the senti- 
ment of gratitude to the Royal Family, for the 
kindness shown to my beloved mother, has never 
been, and never will be, I hope, eradicated from my 
breast. M hen I had any politics at all — I left them 
in Australia in 1885^ — 1 was one of the people called 
Radicals, and a very bitter and perhaps blatant 
Radical, to boot; but I have never swerved in my 
loyal love and reverence for the Gracious Lady 
who rules this vast empire so mildly and so wisely. 

flJUGffTOJff ly Tir£ OLDEy TIMS. 


Am'jing th« ladiet^ who were espccialty kind in 
MttrcmitiiDg aod befriending my mother, I remember 
first, the Duch4>?is of St, AJbans, tlie once f^uiniiating 
udlVMft, ITttrrii^t Melliiii, wlm -dHt^r the deatli of lirr 
finfc husband, the imniensely wealthy Mi\ Thoiniia 
Contts. espoused en ttecondee nocea the Dulce of St. 
Albans. To me, the Dii elicits €onl(^rt bAck ntntely, 
benignant, in bbclf v^N^t ;ind diumonds ; ju^t ju, /o'^yo 
iithfvallc, the imAge of <jm>ou Ann^, in similar ut-ray» 
caimv bacfc 1« Dr Johnson: hut mure distniL-tlv do I 
remember a yoang lady who always accompaoied her, 
and who, in l^-}7, wa^ to hihetit her vant wealtli. Tbia 
wiis Mifls Angeliv Oeortjiana Burdott, now roviTt-d and 
Uulovi'd the whole worhl ovct a-s the ]$ai'iinctj« Burdctt- 

It must have b^en in 1385, too, that as a little 
archin I went with my mother to a ^i-iuid Twelftli 
Night rnti-rtiUMtieiit givrn at tlut Duchew'r* house 
at Uri^htou. Where it was situated I fail to re- 
member; but I can recall clearly that when the TwL^lfth 
Cake waa (nit, the dliee which fell to Miss Angela 
Knrdftt eontained a magnificent diamond rir|^< Mo^t 
chtldrrn an* djrotHly inough ; s*> I havr lui lir*NiUtlon 
in ailmittifig that tlit* iliKtinctL^Kt ii[ipr4^on>i in T'oniii.T- 
tion with this graixl Twelfth Night ate connected with 
the cake and the supper. The cake itself — very 
possibly m*nh^ at the hUtoric Mutton's, on the Kinge 
Road-^wnj; orEiameut^'d with u v^b^t number of muj^icol 
instruments in miniature ^ sud 1 brought uwuy the 
modeN of an ophitdeide and a kettledrujn, the printiipa! 
pail^ uf which I am afnild that I dcvoiirvd Iwfijrt! I went 
to h^»d- To the Mjpper t*thb' thrn* wa^ a very buantihil 
and 1 should i^ay uniuue annexe, in the slijipc of u con- 
fectionery table, the decoration of which wae dodgiiod 
as a compliment to Sir John Ito^s, the Arctic exploror, 
who had not louff bofon? returned from a fresh tipe- 
dition to theNortli Pole,vquippod at thi* cxiiense of the 


SJTU'ff hlFF. (TO AtiVENTtrRtlk 

,gT«at distiller Sir i\\\\ IV^otli. Tbo fivM of artUti« 
confectionery repre^etiteJ the Arctic regions ; aod 
ev«rytbiii)^. incluclhi^ the froieen-up fllnps — I tr:iii see 
Die tall ma^t.H anil ilu- black rlg^in^, smii\-llef*krcl, 
now — tlie iceberg, tin? pol^r lurAre, the Eaqiiimftux 
guidM wktli their sledge:^ aud doi;!i, and Captain I{<wa s 
brUTo 8Ailon4. wuff ^ood tc> eat. Xono of your colourDd 
chalk, your cardboaid, there I U is pleasaBt to m« now; 
in my sixty-«ixth year, to know that I have yet & kind 
frii^iiil ill thr HiLnmi'KK Hunl(^tt*t\iiiLtH, 

Anothi'r ^ivILur to UAiinctu Pliiee tviis ii h»i]d§9n]e 
lady with HashLOg eyca and very glossy block hair — a 
Miss Giibbins, an Iriah lady, vory rich, very clever, and 
very witty ; a briUiant musician, and a delijL^ht fully 
huiuorouA artist. Loni; yenrs &ft<-rwarda I kneir he 
a« the third wife ofttic gallant FieW-MnrHh:il Viscount 
Conthf^riiien? ; and i »us t:oiistant1y a guest at her hoiiw 
in Bclgrave Scjaare till she died, verging fln ninety yeara. 
Of the three gifted and bountiful daughters of Mr». 
Thomaa !^heridan, I can r<*mrTnber two : — Lady IJui'orin, 
who died Countoj^s of Gifford, and the Hon, Canihne 
Norton. Of Lady Seymour, tbt» " Queen of Bv«uty " 
of the Kglintiiii Ttiurnament, afterwards DtiobeMt of 
Somerset. I have no rememhmiice. 

The name of anuther (eiwler of society at Brighton 
occurs to me through a eomcwhut curioas circumAtanoe, 
T\iiAptindc dame wa« n B^chcet^ of Canizzaro, who oaed 
to tfive the most eplendid entertainments, and wa», 
besides, an asRiduou^ patrone^^ of the public balls and 
asr^emblien. Now, nppi^ftito to tnir re'sidi'iio^" in Oftiiiit>ii 
Vhu-f wa,s thr hL>UKc of the ninowned dancing lni^tre60, 
M:ul[UuG Michfiu. Her fii"st husband Dad been 
a M. Bizet, originally one of the private decre- 
taries of >'anolGon the Great; and at his death she 
married a French gentleman named Michau, who 
w»j* pwpeeiidly <Ii«titigui»hed for hiw iiighly cultivated 
gfifitjvnumic ta**te ami his skilled culinary capacity. 



Tibdeed, ia addition to his (!ciiiiectu>ii with tlie Terpsi- 
choTVan arl. he wuh a cook of tin- (it:*! walrr. Tlie 
Michuu family iviu) my ovvti were on terms ot tlic 
cluMst ititimDcy, Uiif'^i'tunatcly their nocturnul ^tbcr- 
ingfi — which by the way were crowned with most 
r^i-iercAtt giippers— did not end until very late ia the 
night, »nd their late linurN w^vt', to I1Li^ afU*Ti :4 j^mree 
of much ^ngiii^h ; ^mcl;, as I was a invcodoun hoy. 
dear cM Mudanip Miclmu was alvraya [ire-ssiug my 
mother to lend nic to her to pa^fl the evening with 
licr gut^t?. 

" Lcudiiki^ 1110 out/' when it wait ocaoodcJ. waa to 
me iL mutt^^r of utimiti^^itod <1oli^ht; but it involved 
my bemg brought home by mv luirse at midnight— the 
poor wouiaii could cjniy plead that sW bad \wf.\i ki*|»i 
Wiiiting rver Hjucr! rleveii — and my tanly return to the^ 
pArtntuL circle wn* productive oE din? woes, both njontal 

[and pliysical. Whenever, however, I was privileged to 

IJMS8 the evening with the Miehaue, I was in a kind 
of terrestrial pai-adise. Miidame, albeit short in 
stature uiid sunieivlnit pui>y, w;u( a model of gratx^ and 

■ reGnemeiit in maiinrr, nnd hnd hem over and over 
again complimented ou her gracefakeaa by Ueoige IV. 
Her eldc^ daughter, Sophie ]3izet, married a kou of the 

i^lebnited hLstorical painter, Haron Ltj Thiurts who, 
tiDdor tlio Fir^i Kmpi^^.^ was Dir^'tor of tho tVonrh 
Ac^emy at Itotne ; and she bad a daughter, who still 

Jives to be a<:lnnred and respei^l^^d by tlie membenh of 
tltat draitiaLir pn^fpT^^ioii wbiili hhe lia;^ for mnuj years 
past iidorned : 1 meau. Miss lloina Uuillon Lr Tbi&re. 
who, although she is much my juEiior, wjd my playmate 

in childhood, aud who was one of the lovelieat yoaog 
girtB 1 ever £iaw. 

Miulame Ikliehau bad anotht^r dau^^hter nanicd 
Louiw'; :uul tlii« yimng lady married a Mr, l>avif», 

|igain»t nhoni noUiing more could be said than that 
at oTie time he had beer an auctioneer in Ijondou, and 


that he was the son of one of the officers of the 
Sheriffs of London and Middlesex. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Davifl the Duchess of Canizzaro preaented tickets for 
the Master of the Ceremonies* animal ball — a festival 
which, I tliink, was held at the Old Ship Assembly 
Rooms. In any case, when they presented themselves 
at the portal of the halls of dazzling light, they 
were refused admission by the Master of the Cere- 
monies himself, Lieutenant-Colonel £Id. A day or 
two afterwards Mr. Davis met Colonel Eld in North 
Street, and, as Artemus Ward would have pit it 
there was "a fite," The end of the affair was, I 
believe, that the parties were bound over at the 
Town Hall to keep the peace, I only mention the 
fracas as a commentary on what, for many of my 
readers, would appear so much ancient history, and 
that of the most moss-covered kind. We have 
no Master of Ceremonies at our watering-places 
now ; but such functionaries, when I was a boy, 
flourished not only at Bright<»n and Hastings, but 
at Batli, at Cheltenham, and at other places of 
fashionable resort. There may he some slight am- 
plification in the character of Angelo Cyrus Bantam, 
Esq., M.C, who figures in the Hath episode in the 
" Pickwick Papers '' ; but on the whole the main lines 
of the character are true to life. Lieu tenant -Colonel 
Eld was no fop, but a gentleman of rather dignified 
manners; and I should say that no man ever possessed 
with greater finish and refinement of manner the art 
of pocketing the guineas which were handed to him by 
visitors who wished to enter society when they came 
to Brighton for the winter season. 

In addition to her annual concert in London, my 
mother used to have a yearly musical recital at 
Brighton, either just before Chnstmas or just before 
Easter. She always took care to engage the brightest 
musical talent, both vocal and instrumental, that she 



cvuld pOf»ibly secure, SoTnetirni.'* she had to |Kiy 
the i^reat artiHts whom slie engagf^l ; but in \ gn.'rat 
manj^ nioiv jiihUnceTi tliey generally gave their services 
quite gi-atuitoiir*ly to the |)oor widowed gen tlt^ woman 
witli the five children. " clamourint^,'" iva Lttdy Coinber- 
mere used W toll mc in aft*'r years, "for hirge slitei* of 
roast mutton/' For one of her concerts my mother liad 
had the liardihood to en^^e the jjreatest ci/uMfive 
of Ihr djiy, aitd [KTha.[»* of {h\s fvulxiry — Mjirie fVliiiift 
Malibnin, the daughter of the famons Spanish tenor, 
Manuel U&rcia. To show the difference that existed 
between artistic romunonition in l^^■J5 and that which 
now prevftiU, it will be «iithcient to say thnt Mali- 
bran'n fee was only thirty guineas. Piigauini, the mere 
announcement of whofie name was sufficient to sell half 
ihe tieki=*tM fur thi* cijn'-i*rt, nonHent^^d tr> phiy a solo fur 
fifty ^uinesu; but my piirent nuurislierl thr ftmd hopr 
that one or i>erhafis both nrtistM would waivf their 
righte and decline to take the money which she oflered. 
All kindfl of extraordinary ^toricK were at that time 
relate about Pu^^anini, wljo, a*; yo« know, used to 
clwtrify his iiudieneeM hy executing a concerto on one 
string of bis violin; and the legend in connection 
Vitli this yingle-Fitnng fovr ilf /nrrif was tliH.t in hyj^itnc 
ycHtir:* he had usMiAsiniih^d one uf hi* mistrc^^L*?* and had 
been condemned to live year^' imprisonment. A com- 
paHEionate gaoler had allowed him the utie of his fiddle 
in order to tiol^ce the dreariness of hi» captivity; Imt 
for fear Iwt Ih* prisoner ithould knot liioi ciiif^'uts 
together and han^ himself, he only allotted liim the 
fotirlh btring of tlie violin, on which lie Nueci^eded at 
U»t in phenomenally scraping. 

The concert duly took place an<l rmxA a hrillJnnt 
STtccestt, from both n la^hionaolc un>] a pecuniary point 
of view i but then camo the ordeal of settlinf^ with tbo 
artists. Many of them^ an wna their wont, laii^hini^ly 
refused to take a Mhitliny, That w;is, I remember, in 



particular thi« cise witli a cliarming vocalinl. Mrs. 
iii^liifp, ilw wife uf the tuneful composer of n'hom I 
epokt- jufit now. Sir Huury R. Biahop. Then came tlio 
more formidabb queHtioti of the cUims of Malit»raD and 
P&gdiiiiti. My mother, a ladv of ^reat sia^oity and 
fertility uf ^(■*^ou^a^ Lliouiiht that ^onietliiiig mi^ht 
1i«^ done in the way uf exciting a k^nltlve iiifliien(;e iu 
the miiidM of the two great mu>iicians if she took 
me with her when »ho call^l to pay her dues. So X 
wfts duly ^Ti."-hal, and v^^lxcd, and polished up — 1 
Iwlicve, even, tliat my hair was cm^ed— autl ui a 
new " flbtilatou " suit and a very larpe white cambric 
Gollur uuj n frill rouiul it, I w:lk tnUi^n, iiist iu Hits hot^l 
— T [orgi.'t lis nftini? — wIrtl' Malihran wiis fit»yinK- 
The renowned singer smiled, natted nic on the nead, 
chucked n»e nndr-r the cliin, told ine to be a good boy, 
and very calmly took thi: thirty ^^one poundss ten 
shillings which with tremhling hands my mother 
placed on the table, 

Slie had a good cry, poor woman, in the fly which 
conveyed us to the Olu Sliip, whi?re Pjiganmi wa» 
stopping. I can M'e hini now— ft hmn, wan, gaunt 
man in black, witli bnsbj hair — something like 
Henri Kocheforl, au<l a great deal more like Henry 
Irving. Ht! looked at me long und earnestly; and 
Momehow. although hi.' wai^ about as weird a looking 
creature as could well he imagined, I did not feel afraid 
of Mm. In a tew hi\;ke]i words my mother ej:plained 
lior mission, and put down the fitly guinfan on tht; 
tuble. When 1 say that he Wcuhed his haud:^ in the 
gold— that he scrabbled at it, rm David of old did 
at the gate — and gra-i|>ed it and built it up into little 
hcapSr panting the while, I am not in any way exagger- 
ating'. He bundled it up at l[4]^t in u blue cotton 
poeket-liandkerchief with whiti* Kpotn, and darted 
from the room. And we — my j>oor mother convulsively 
cWping my hand — went o"t on tlie landing and were 


DiiiGirWN rx Tin: oLDtiy timk. 


nbout (lesceudiiig the stairs when the mighty viuliiiist 
bolted Hg-^iii fnmi his bedroom-door. *'Take th^t, 
little hoy" he said ; " take that/' and he thrust a piece 
of paper, rolled up almost into a ballj into my hand. 
Tt W118 a bank-note for Rfty pounds! 



IN TOWN, 1836-1835. 

Ijfc Fit Cricklowood — A Reminiscence ol Weber — A Tenrful but Profanfl Cook— 
Strong LanKOLiffe in High Sodetv^A Black Man with a Waterloo Medal 
and a Wooden Leg — Muainil Preieroncei — Farourite Melodioa— Sir Uenry 
Meax and hie Brewcry^My llothcr and the Duke of Wellington. 

Needless to say that I did not keep a diary in the 
thirtieB, altliough it was at a Bufficiently early age that I 
began a practice, in favour of which and against which 
there is a great deal to be said. I have called this chap- 
ter "In Town," to distinguish it from those in which 
I have recorded my youthful experiences at Brighton; 
but in strict accuracy I should say that the portions 
of the years which we spent away from the queen 
of watering-places were passed either in and about 
Hegent Street, London, or else at temporary summer 
villeffgiaftire at Clapham, at Bichmond, and at Kilbum. 
Prior to the dark age in m^-^ childhood, my mother had 
A large house iu North Audley Street ; and at a very 
remote period of my non^^e, to which I am wholly 
uuable to affix a date, we had a delightful country 
cottage at Cricklewood, then a sequestered village, but 
which, I suppose, by this time has altogether passed 
into the semi-detached villa st^e of existence. Our 
house, I think, was called "The Elms." 

I preserve only two mind- pictures of our life at 
Cricklewood 1 first, there were frequent performances 
of private theatricals : the stage being in the back 
drawing-room and the auditorium in the front; and 
between the acts of one of the dramas presented, a Mr. 
Bippamonti — from his name, I should say, an Italian, 

AV TOWy, lT^3t»-1S3r> 

but who swore with wcndcrfal fluciicy in English — 
pUycd tlio ovcrtiin? to Ikr Frew'fitttz on hi* chin. 

Bj- til*.' -bye, my mutiter, prior to lit^r widowhood, hiid 

Icnowu Ivarl Maria Friedrich Augur^t vou Weber tlurlug 

hilt viKii tt» Rii^l.'iiid ill IH20. Tie wax ji frecju^nt visitor 

at oar bouse in Hevt street, Manchester Square, ttucl 

ID that gcmp-book of which 1 spoke in a prccediDi^ 

chapt^^T, I \m\^ a water-colour drawing of tlie illus- 

IriouK Uemmn coiaposor in a ^roy dressiTiggcwii, sit- 

tiD]^ ID a lai^^ pink iiuil wLittf-Mtripi'd covered faut^uil, 

his heud sunk on his brejut, and looking desperately ill. 

Breath IH the i[kscriptii>ii. " Alas, poor Karl Maria 1 " 

Thi-^ ^n-ftt iiiUMit^iAii dinl, indeed, in liondou of mi\- 

sumption, o3 the 6th of Jgnr, in the year just named. 

1 have DO poaitire knowledge a» to who wa8 the 

vtist of thid touching: little t;kotch: but 1 have an 

id«« tliat it came frt»m the poiu-il of youn^; Charles 

Jamt'ti Aliithewh'. the iwn of the famous comedian 

and miinic, (-'buries Mathews, and himuclC dijMtiiied 

to l>t*n>nte ati actor of iXw bigheHt rH-jtufntv I am 

streng^tht'tied in tbia belit^f every time 1 paM through 

the corridor leading from the ball to the atn&cgi^rs' 

leoffe^-room on the ground-floor of the U^arrick Ulub. 

One side of that ctirridor is occupied b_v u aericti of 

water-colour portraits, cxccutt3d by Uharkt^ James 

[Uatiivws, of himself in the muliitudinou^ i^tage* 

Fcharactem which be had impersonated during hiw long 

rmod brilliant dramatic career, and in many of theTio 

uqttttrelUe I KCcm to rvcogni^e tho hght touch atd thd 

Lbright colour of tbc anonymous artist who drew that 

-mournful sketch of the composer of Dt-r Fi'dtchuis^ 

£»trya»th, and Ob^tm. 

liut tberi* hi only one *t<*p from the Kublime to 
the hdieulgu!;. Over and against the sorrowful pre- 
aentnient of the dying musician, 1 6nd a drawing 
by the HfUiir hand of a corpulent lemale cook, hold- 
ing in one tiand iku t>pi*n volume, and with the 


aa sALA\s Lib'K Ayj) Aovt-:NTui{t-:s. 

other staunehin^ with her aprun the tears which 
are ahuiidantly llowiog down her rithicuud cheeks. 
The title of this drawing is, '' A Studeut of Goethe," 
and, beneath, Mrs. Cook is miide to say, "Oh, 
Charlotte, Charlotte ! Oh, Werther, Werther !— I must 
go and skill those I) d eela." Pardon the introduc- 
tion of the big J). The initial has not, 1 believe, been 
very indignantly resented by the patrons and patronesses 
of the Savoy ITieatre ; but, passing from the artistic 
and literary fiction to fact, it may not be inexpedient 
to hint that prior to the accession of Her Most Gracious 
Majesty, and even for a few years after that happy 
event, the use of strong language was pretty common 
even in the most exalted circles of society : in fact, 
large numbers of English noblemen were in the 
habit of swearing as liberally as, according to Corporal 
Trim, the Duke of Marlborough's army swore ia 

You may say that I have wandered a very long 
way from Cricklewood, To be sure, it has been my 
business to wander during ever so many years of 
my journalistic career; still I have always striven 
to be a conscientious tramp, and to fulfil all the 
engagements which I have entered into; and con- 
sequently I am bound to place on record the fact 
that my second and last memory of Cricklewood is 
associated with the village inn, which bore the sign 
of " The Crown*' — a most palatial establishment at this 
time of writing, I have no doubt — and its potman, 
a middle-aged black man with a wooden leg. He 
had been at the battle of Waterloo — that was quite 
enough to make him a hero and almost a demi-god in 
my eyes — although at that combat of giants he had only 
acted in the non-combatant capacity of cymbal-player 
in one of the regiments of Foot Guards. Perhaps he 
had lost his leg from a stray shot while carrying 
wounded to the rear. In any case he had got his 

IX rcWW \K\ti ls;!». 


Wat<*rloo nuntul, which, hjiviiig a pjirtiality for nun, 
he W'd^ orjiitmn^Llly pawuiiig; acd my ii)i>Uirr wiiK 
perioJitally solicitwl to tnke the silver emhlem of 
glory out of tiihiiliiHiiti. 

Hoiif^t bliKk niaji ! I cau t^cc hioi uoa' atuinp- 
ing aIo»{; QQ bifi timbei- limb, and over his shoiildfjr, 
h^d by a stout leathern **trap, his sheaf of powt*?r 

EU, glancing brilliuutly in tho simsliiu^— as bril' 
Dtly a« the Waterloo medal au bi« broo&t, at 
Kucii tnm*» JiH that decoratirjn <lid not hnii|H'n t** Im 
in the keeping of Mint- lTn^:tl^ Wlien dia tht- blcU^k 
cymbai-player lade mit of the lloiiiiehold Urigade? I 
mind him woll over and over again when I wa,^ a boy, 
very fund of attiindin^' the ceremonial of inL^untiu^ 
fpiard in the courtyard of St. Jiuncs'a Palace: ^rid 
there vfwi a ]»'4^nliarity in thii uniform of the clabber 
vf the \\Utr iliscs which always enchained my jnvvnile 
Attention. It w!LH a i:nmplicateLl svnA\ pattern in golden 
cnibroidi-ry un thi* hwrV part of bi-s pujitjihH^nn ; a riimilar 
ornamentation L noticed long years after >\ard,'* in 
oonneetioo with the nrtht^r garments of n regiment 
of Magyar IIussu^s ; but tbo old f^croll pattern in 
g'>ld had a di^itinctivv name in British military tech- 
nology. It wttj* known — ao an offictT in the Scots 
Piisiln-r (jnardpf told mo in Canada in 1804 — w^ " tb« 
dicky-strap/' u term whlcli liad wome refcrencr, I 
oonjoctnre, t*i the straipK by which the powdered foot- 
men of the nubility and gentry used io hold on to 
the hinder partpi of tlu^r employers' equipai^cs. 

In th(? four years between 183iJ and lS3t) w<j ltd 
a continiioii8ly bnsy lifo durlni; the Ijondon sen&on, 
I hny " we" because I was not wnt to school; although 
I wa>^ kept with rigorous severity to bome-hrssonr*, 1m> 
cantie I hud ni> buyn of n»y own iigv with whom I e»jnld 
pluy. and becau&e, when I was not learning my book. 1 
WIS alrooe^t constantly in the society of my elders, to 
whom I wm allowed to liat^n a» attentively a» I pleased. 


My mother was geDcra)!}- eugHged in teaching siDgiDg 
from ele^ven Jn the morning until four in the afternoon, 
and it very uftt-n happened that the parents of her 
pupils did not object to her taking me with her. A 
comical si;^dit I must have presented; a little roQud- 
headed urchin with a wall eye, clad in that *' skeleton" 
suit with an immense frill, sitting bolt upright in 
a big easy chair and listening with all my might to 
the vocal music of which I liave always been so 
passionately fond. The pianoforte I have always 
steadily bated, although I have heard such wondrons 
performers on it as Thalberg, Liszt, and Madame 
J^Ieyel. I regard the piano as a heartless, sonlleaa 
instrument ; 1 care little more for the flute ; while for 
the cornut a piston or the ohoo I care no more than I 
do for an Oriental tam-tam ; but the violin, when played 
by a consummate artist, has never failed to ravish my 
senses with delight. 

Unbidden, hut never unwelcome, return the melodies 
which I leamt with the ears of my heart in childhood; 
often, I suspect, when 1 was present at the singing 
lessons given by my mother, " Ituth," '* The Pilgrim 
Fathers," "The JJurial in the Desert/' every air 
in Do/i Giovamn^ from Leporello^s opening " Noite 
ifiofno faikat'"' down to the last awful intimation 
<»t th<! *' Oomraendatorc " that he has come to sup 
with the libertine; nearly all the songs in Robert h 
l)ifti/li\ that sparkling Fi'encli ditty '* Lcs Coittp/i- 
mnifft tf'- XormniidiP,'' the brightest lyrical gems from 
the I'tfrifrnti^ FideHo, J/t/ta BoJcf/a, and the EUsire 
itAmun'; Haydn a "My Mother Bids Me Bind My 
]{air,^' and Kuch sweet homely English ballads as 
"Fan^wfll to the Mountain,'^ '* Through the AVood,'' 
and *'Slic Wore a Wreath of Roses" — each recurs to 
me ; although, of course, I cannot precisely remember 
when or where I first heard these enchanting lyrics. 

One house I remember particularly to which I 

I2i TOWN. l830-ie8P, 

ofWn ivit^h wlii*ii my iiKiili^r gave lier lessons. 

was a hanilbornp maiiMon, H]ileTKli<1ly fiinikRlied, id 

reat KuflHell Street, lJIoi>awbury, close, if iodeisd 

iminedialely tonti^uwis, to Mftis'?* I»rewery at tli<; 

-iAflt^m corner oi Tottvulmui Court l£<jiLd ; uiid, 

iDdoed, it waa to the female mombers of the family 

of Sr Henry Mtfus that my mother ^avo vocal 

instruction. Iniajfiue a wealtliy Lundoti brewer of 

[ ti]« pre^'nt duy living next door to Iii» brewery I 

He wouldp iu all probability, be the occupant of 

some towcnu^r maik»iiJH iu lielgravia or I'^buiuia, 

', bttid^s being the proprictop ot a lordly estate in th* 

Shires and the router of iirrouao-moorB in Yorkshire 

f oad deer-forest^ iu the Highlands. But tinit^s have 

I duuiged with a v<?nf>eancc- Mr and Mrs* Tbrale 

randed iti u ]koui;i* in .1)eadnuin'?( I'htci.', SuuUiwnrk, 

^^adjoiDiug their brewery h initil they removed ta the 

^Hiiiore fa«hioimbIe locality of (irosvenor t^tjuuie- 

^^ 1 wiv» not »o lucky iu childhood iis to go to tlroavenor 

^^Hontic wlicu my mother gave Icssond in the faimily 

^^of the then Marqueiis of AVestminater : but there is a 

^^littie fitory of an adventur*^ whicli once happened to 

^^ lier ill cuuni-t'tioii with tin- Tuansion iti c]Uf»itioii — a 

^B|ptory which has more than once got into prtnt^ but 

^^which T wish aciuirately to repeat; becawse T de»ire 

thiit, the c<irlit\^t i>ortion of my auti>biography, to be 

G&Dsidcrcd ua a kind of tributi.' to the memory of 

■ one whom I lovod and rovoix'uced so deeply. She 

had given a Icftson at (irosvenor Houbs one broiling 

forenoon in July. It waft one of thoac Loudou summer 

! dayif when tht? vtry pavt^mviit h(HSU[» iu shimmer 

L ana radiate with calorie, and when you cannot resist 

^Kthc iuipre^sion that the bricks in the hoo-se-fronU 

^'ftic panting ^id expanding with the heat, and will 

apecaily cmck and Uir»t out of thuir bonda of mortAr. 

mother iu the ouon etreot, and i 

itiDg and p^itpitating with the haat. She was, 



moreover, intolerably, i^onisiugly thirsty. There were 
no drinking- fountains in London in those days. There 
were no tastily decorated dairies where glasses of iced 
milk could be procured. It did not occur to her that 
if she only crossed Park Lane she could get somo 
curds-and-whey. Her destination lay in the east, 
and it was even a very long way to Verrey's, in Kegeut 
Street, where she could have quenched her thirst with an 
ice or a sorbet. She did not even light upon a chemist'fi 
where she -could have procured soda- or seltzer- water ; 
bo on the poor dear gentlewoman went sadly on, her 
throat and tongue desiccated and fmrched with drought. 
And at a certain street corner she caught sight of a 
])ublichouse— not an hotel nor a cafe^ if you please, 
hut a downright, unmistakable "pub,/' with a row of 
gleaming pewter pots on the railings outside, and the 
doors, giving on both thoroughfares, standing in^ntingly 
opeu and revealing the sanded floor within, and in the 
umbr^eoufi background a pewter-covered counter, with 
a trim barmaid presiding at a beer-engine, with rows of 
casks and kegs behind her. My mother was the most 
temperate of mortals; but she was human, and she 
was so unutterably thirsty ! She looked furtively to 
the right and to the left ; and the coast seeming clear 
she darted into the "Half Moon and Seven StiU^," or 
the " Coach and Horses/' or whatever may have been 
the sign of the tavern, and addresRed the trim barmaid, 
thus: *' Half a pint of poi-ter, Miss, if you please/' 
The attendant Hebe handed her the beer in a pewter 
measure; and over and over again has my dear mother 
described to me the delicious sensation of the nut-brown 
foam first coming in contact with her lips, and of 
the greater joys she experienced as she drained the 
fermented decoction of malt and hops — not to the 
dregs, for pure beer has no dregs, but to the very 
last drop, when she could read what was popularly 
known at the time as " Grimes's card," Grimes 

f.V lwrA\ itm-l^K 


vi;mwI[4 wlia had Iih name Ataiupe^l inside the bottoms 
of his measures, A good oU\ Siixoii rminc Gnmei* ; 
although to stack-up ciiJ-of-Uicccntury people it mny 
seem u, plebeian designation. In New EotrJuntl it ifi 
a jKitriciiiii name. I ri:mer»ber once htarin^ of a 
|^-»t Arni^^riciiii bejiuty juid ln'ii>'«* who>iO iiniiit? wa* 
Keiiobist Uni]u*zi ; iirul I uiti ^lud to sea in the Post 
Offici* liondon I>irectory for I SOl-, that tlie Iiistf»ric 
bouse o( Grimcft i^extant aw pewU^rtrii at Islington, 

Mj mother had imhibL^d licr liulf-pint of purtcir 
in one sustuint'd and 8oletttii dnitight, and »Iil- wiw 
happv. With femiuino astnteueBs she thought that 
it might be pohtic tc leave the *' pub." by a different 
tlut>T fmui Uial Uy wh irii slie inid f ii tr^ivil , i^he 
cmvrgcd into the stdo strei>t : and there to hi?r 
flliame. her horror, and her vinuttt^rable cont'titiion aho 
noiirly nm up i^^iti:»t Field Mai^ltul the ]>uku of 
Weliin^on, i'rincc of Wuturluo, Mitnpiis iA' Uouro, 
KG., Chaneellor of the Uuiver*^ity of Oxfuixl — l>ut how 
can I enumerate all tho rungs in tlie ladder of glory 
which Arthur Wclhshy iu:idf* r<ir hims*-ll\ with hu 

sworJ f<.ir n siw 

The llvro ul" Waterloo waa in 

bis ovcry-day attire— well-polinhed. woll-blocked hab 
yntii a nanx>w brLiu; ^iu^'le-bve;Lsted blue suitout; white 

^«Faviit without a bow. nud fiL^ttjned behind by a ailrcr 
liuoklfl; whito wai«toxit and whitu tri>usori« —which ho 
wor^ winter and summer: the trousers strapped tightly 
over vanii.^hed booU. How often have I tteeu tlie Great 
Captain of thv A^v in hiH ohl, old it^n riding in the 
fonrnnoii from Ap»loy Eloinfi* along <.*onstitntioii Kill to 
fullil hi.4 olBeiul clatieH at the llon<e Quai'dd, and clo&ely 
followerl by a thoughtful, middle-aged grtK>m, who 
wtttckod his master a« n cat watches a mouse ; for tho 
Dnko, whoii bo had pase^ fourscore ydftrn, u«ed to sway 
ant] ttwervo in his saddle to such an extent that you 

.dreaded ]esi at the next muinent he ithuuld lall off 


Fortunately it was with him ba it is with the Leaning 
Tower of Pisa, the line of direction from the centre 
of gravity fell within the base, and the Duke kept his 

Not HO fortunate for my mother was it that the 
Victor of Napoleon was on that particular snltry July 
day on foot and not on horseback. He knew my 
mother very well ; and saying cartly, "How do, Madame 
Sala — that's the way you do it; — public-houee, bey? " 
nodded her a salute and passed on. The next evening 
my mother was at a rout at Devonshire House, and in a 
great crush of guests on the grand staircase she met the 
Duke in his full BeM-marshars uniform, wearing his 
riband of the Garter and his breast ablaze with stars 
and crosses. He laughingly accosted her; and when in 
a few pathetic sentences she told him the story of the 
half-pint of porter he laughed again and said» " Very 
good — very hot day — ^just the thing — half a pint of 
porter — should have had one myself if I hadn't been bo 
close to Apsley House." 

Five or six years after this incident my mother and 
I were walking down Snargate Street, Dover, when we 
met the Duke, who was then in residence at Walmer 
Castle as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, leaning on 
the arm of Lord Fitzroy Somerset^ aflerwards Lord 
Baglan. I do not think that his G^race said anything 
about that pewter measure full of Somebody and Co.'s 
Entire ; but I know that he patted me on the head and 
hoped that I was good to iny mother. I have said over 
and over again, and I here repeat it, that I firmly believe 
in Fate, in Necessity, in the Imperatively Indispensable, 
in that 'ANATKH which, so Victor Hugo tells us, was 
the text on which he wrote his romance of " Notre 
Dame de Paris/' Fate decreed that the great Duke 
of Wellington — you will see why and how, later on — 
should be unconsciously the direct cause of my adopting 
the profession of journalism. 






[b(lU4<1t vul bil I'LLLbiiti*: t;uil--J:li« KiniTTlAii und t\u> KuEUn— BarUni^ 
rhrriibini «ni! IK* V^^y T<'n(>r — ,Vl i« H"(i*»]i(iuTi of th* C^miTitcv tf 
Il1aiiina1«n>— llarriknD A^iwwTith — l/>nn Nn|in|prin^'|'h<Lridorw Uflok nnd 
hi»T^S--TbomH»rj4miiT«iU— Hiij'iMwIiiiyly-— ^Iiili»imrt-1tiIti-^A Si-rnnd- 
nlv TiTiw«]iitti-»Miia H"lciii Fjitifft— 'tlirt " \lH>tE<m J^iunfi "^Tjtona 
river— riciHl^I> 

A lioyo pftiioranna stretcli<*3 before iny nnud of the 
famnus people who used to visit my inotlitr m 18115-36, 
Donizetti, tlie composer of Ltina tfi Lafmaermoor iuid a 
h<wt of othpr tunetul operas, I am not quitft rertjun of 
hnving <*vt*j" seen; but lift was in Lomlori ilnriij)^ one or 
Imtli of tho ytfard jiiist tmrni'd, anil \ am lolembty 
(H^rtiun that my mother koew him, since kUp hrw oHntMi 
<1e?cnlH'il liim to me 00 a atrango, jib^cnt, wjstrut- 
tookin<; nmn tvitit \m liat always very fur lMw:k on his 
Iicad i and that account exactly corr<^sp<3nded with tUo 
one afterwards pivOTi me l>y Madame Piizzi, the wife of 
tlM* celebmtod harpist, who knew the composer inti- 
muti^ly. T TiiijipoKL' thai I nnint nr»t call Intn w ^\'%K\t 
on^, and thjit jiucli iipera.s va Jfarino FtiHrro, ha 
Fat^rita^ Don VfiJ^y/za^f, are only "tuney " productioofl, 
(tjjftrkiing, it ii* tnie, with melody, but qmtc destitute 
of Wagnuriaii erudition. It i» certain that he wrote a 
great deal too much, and that hi^ eyentaally succumbed 
to paralysis of the brain. I rememher r<*ading that he 
waj* for Home i\\u<t: ;in inmate of a mn/Mo/t de Htmit: in the 
Avenue CiiatrAiihrin-TKU PaHm, ftnd that ht* iimhI ti> 
flit all day by the fire wrfipprd in a larg^^ cloak — 
and possibly with bin hat at the hack o( his head — and 
mechanically murmuring, '' Don Sebastian, Don Sebas- 
tmn ! " ThitE waat tlte title of on« of his latest operas 


which had been somewhat harshly treated by the 
musical critics. It was notj however, in Paris that he 
died. He was taken back to liis native Bergamo, 
where he passed away at scarcely more than fifty 
years of age. I believe he had a brother, or at all 
events a near kinsman, who was leader of the privato 
band of the Sultan Mahraoud of Turkey. 

They used to tell a droll story at Constantinople of 
the Padishah and his bandmaster. Malimoud was the 
first Sultan who seriously set himself to the task of 
introducing European reforms into his empire. His 
predecessor, Selim, had endeavoured to bring about 
such changes, but was assassinated for his pains. Sultan 
Mahmoud got rid of the janissaries by the same rough- 
and-ready process adopted by Peter tlie Great when he 
wished to free himself fi-om the Strelitzes, and by 
Mehemet Ali when he tliought that he could dis- 
pense with the services of the Mamelukes — namely, 
by massacring them to the last man. Then, having 
reorganised his army on the European model, the 
enterprising Sultan Mahmoud compelled his pachas 
to relinquish their turbans, their beards, and their 
flowing robes for black frock-coats and red fezzes. He 
encouraged a French manager to oi}en a theatre for 
the performance of opera and ballet at Pera; and for 
his own private delectation he imported an orchestra 
of musicians from Italy, and conferred the conductor- 
ship on Signor Donizetti, as aforesaid. 

The first performance of the Sultan's band was a 
very grand function. It took place in one of the lai^et 
saloons of the palace ; and a contingent of the ladies 
of the harem were privileged to listen to the concourse 
of sweet sounds through a gilt grille or perforated 
screen. The band played melody after melody from 
Bossini, Auber, Meyerbeer, and Donizetti himself. 
They played marches, fantasias, and galops ; but their 
afforts only drew from the Commander of the Faithful 

50JW OF fSY }trj'rfiE'if\i misyim. 


n )wne« uf <li««ati«[ieci yawns :niil grinit«j, »vi*iitiLtilly 
followecl bv iinmi^ilTikHbli? s^tnptcini^ of a cliftpi>sitioii 
on tbe part uf W\h Imperial Maji^nty to slf^p and ek^ 
to ahoiy. 'Vhtw tlu^ro wa« a britrf a*ccs*, during' whicli 
the rouaiciiLTiii proceeded to tunc up their instnimenta. 
The Sultan started from bis divan in an ecataay of 
d«Hght, and dapped hia hands with (jlee. '* MmhaliahV 
lie cried, " tbiit is j^imd, that is swperb. Zr/ the 
Giaonrit plaff (haf (tine over a^ain" Well, there is 
no acainniiiij^ foi- tasti^s. Was not flpoi^e the Pin*t 
extr#»m<*ly partijil tu bud oynter;*? 

Bcflini, the composer of tUo Purxtani, of Norma^ 
and of the SonnftmhHlit, I am certain that I aaw once 
at my mother's house; but it must have been very 
<!arly in 183'*, sinco in Septofmbi^r <>f that y^ir ho died, 
:ipcd only twenty-nin^. at Puteausr, near Paris. U*j 
waa buned in the cemetery i-A P^J■e-la-Chai7**^, uiid 
tlw funernal nnw* was celebrated b«f(jn.^ an iinmen:^ 
congiT^tion of distinguished people in the church 
of the ]u%'alidod, Paris. It had been iutendv^d to 
pCTform the |;nin<t funeral mas^i of CherubiTii, but 
for Konn* rv^a^^n or anothor the occlo**ia8tical uutboritie^ 
interfered t^> prevent this pffrfcnrnnce : and the musical 
part of the s*»rvice consisted only of the awful Die-t Irtr, 
xuittrlily ft<*o»it-ed by Lid^tlai-hf, rHiiiliunni, Tvanoff, and 
others, Wc Htiall imrci with thust; gniat artiHt.^ ttt a 
later sta^ of this book>* 

My remembmncG ftf Uellini i^ of a very yunny mait 
vrith lon^ aubiirn hair and lari^i* blue uyoH, rocliuiutT on 
the caqjet with hU head on the cushion of an arm* 
cbsir, while my mother, at the piano, wiis playing; and 

QttMi huA • ■Imnti't^ »r«r-4tvit. allltnnffh nu wm f^iii io (vKnowloilff* 
hU i^mil »tUluni"nrt. wnt flinv^ir or flii* RoyuJ Uoii^orvukflPu of Mibiio 
iliirrB^ Uio llfl*l<t^roii, «iid kiUtihI h iiot vorr •tirinblit H'iint»lu-ii Iw 
lbs lurtliDOH And 6ni«g««n« wtlh wliu^h hii hiiblln&ily irwil^tl Um 
|Mi|db iv»(l AT«n tho iirDrixoTi, Amoitg tlio piipiU wm» tJi« noli- 





Kinging in lier uvrvei niezxo-Mjjjraiiii voicv tiw immortal 
*■ f'Af /tiro ifn^n i'iWiiircP from Uli'ick'i Orfeo. 
During the a4^iiiK>n, when I urn m town. I uftver wee 
Or/ro advertised ff>r performance but J Iittst<Mi to 
the Roj';U ItalJEUt OiMji^a^ t'oveut OartWu. to listen 
uuc<j more to the bi*witchin^ lyric, rendered all tho 
mdre ODcbantin^ir »tiici> it lias been NUDg by that coa- 
HUiumut^ vafitalric^ and our deai" frieud, Giulia Itavo}{li ; 
but in ailtlition to ttie inflight wliicli I derive ffx>ca 
the song and tbe singer. "CAe/aro/" alwaya bring? 
back the bright phantom of Bellini and ray mother 
He must havo been, I should Bay, a beautiful n^au, 
even m Johnson churlishly admitA Milton to huve bccD 
bt'stutiful in Im youth; and I believe tbat on the wliola 
childrL'n rctnerilip]" Ihr bf*itutiriil mueh more vividly 
than thty do thi? ugly. Ugliness frigbtens them, iiud 
they do not wish to i^call the terrible. 

My mother went very much into society at thia 
period i nnd on rar^ oceusions — a^ a small boy with ait 
aJreudy welUstored memory, and with a certain cap&city 
for reciting from SLakespeare, Moti^re, and Rooino — 
I was pt-rmitU-d to aeenmpjiuy Iier to the mansiomi of 
the proud, I rememlR^r in particular beiug tiiken on^* 
fve^ning to a reception at Gore House, Ki-iisingtou, 

BirrUox lUd iiut \ikc i\\c fugiw, liv rv(iliod pitkiiy. ' Atid ilm ta^v ilck^t 
Pot likii Bcrliut"* His tfeimral rrplj (o Miy kind uf K<iu(«it *■* 
'ft gniS (LuJ nupliAi]^ *'Nd"; «]ii1 III i^vbiiifrtEuu vrjlli tbcHc chrnalo 
migMUvi^s nil muUAiug juivrdul* is lulU. A yvaiifc (f^unr- unifier, v)u«m 
in^iiforLiiiEe it wdB Uf be liidiivu«ljr ii^Ij, vaibed un tlie Dinvtnr on* 
liny nnd ukvfd lo In? all^wod lu in\n |iii» a siv^mipn of liU ronl 
%niyrm. Foi' a htiudirr Ins A|tplii-ALir>ti wvt mvl hy a -lulky JUfi »f 
■rqaiiwn'nrr. He wtiiiT- ***"' wn^" muihtUj. Tlii^n* raiin' niuptlior nod, 
umoii>pftiJi''d liy PH-imuliiiti;kf \i\i> ■ -iiort (^f MilLhrni^rinii, Tltrm vntno a 
pniUHf, nh'\r\i Jillu: n uiiJiiili' ur «<> vtiu hnikFfn l»y f^m yonthfiil tnriJiit 
AHlciti^, in fjiUvriti;^ ni'miT>, *clirtliur lio inikffiL i^vuiilnxlljr ht^^i^ for axi 
«rii;a^i-mjtiir nt Uii> ifrmul O|ior*. "Nij' * thiiiidttBtl Ihr Dirwtof. 

"Bill, M ( ;iienil]iii( ." "No'" Thft dl-u^ounnlni.* %r\Ut »u 

>«|i)w[y dquTlin? wlimi CharuUm ri««., tnnk Mm liy fioth until, u;d 
looki>d bim ftJiy in tin* fncn ''I am fcorry," h* wld, " very wotTfi 
but, moil f-Ai^. dii yiii think th4E tho GjKrk umdd gul up 4 i^okipnaijr 
of «ur*xig-out4UigH t« siug nith you ? ' 


SOMtV OF MT MOTilKB'JS riilKyu:^. « 

tb« resilience oF the Couittrtih of nWsingtoii, ;> raau- 
won of wUitli I slull Iiav*^ tn my a good ileal in 
the cjoiirtfc oi thcuv ]mf^c!^, I think timt, on tbc c\xn* 
in^ ill qiK'stioD, thcro were prcBcnt iimonjj others, 
Daoiiel Maclise the painter and ILu-rinou AiDsworth 
the nQvetiat. The iiuthtjr of '*'TiLck Stieppard " 
Witt tht'ii a, yi>uiiif irpiu of about tliirty> viry liand- 
Boajc, but nuinewlmi of the curled and oiled aud 
glofisy- whiskered D'Orsay type. The king of duudie.s 
waft not present on tlitj evening wlieti I went to Wore 
H^use; so that it i^ »t socoud-haiid that I tell the 
ao#cdot« of Ludy BleHsiutftou placing hcr^ulf on the 
liparthruif between D'Oreay ana Jlarrifian Ainsworth^ 
and raying that »he bad for supporters the two haiid- 
AOtiifMt itiMi ill rAnuliiu^ H[:'r bidysliip liet^r^lf wnn jui 
exc<-editTgly toniely dnmc, who used ti> niakr up Mimc- 
wh«t like Mn>. Hiddonh as Queen Kathariuc in //cnty 
VISl.: particularly with respect to a baud of luco or 
cambrio which who woi-c pa-Sf^in^ undiT her ohin from 
0D4f t«mpIo to another. Great titaU^liiu-fiK of luien^ iu 
w«II M» beauty of features, are rtquisito to uuike »uf;h 
au Boce&jtory to t^ostume aitnictivi'. ur evL^i tolerable ; 
to Uw iTirtj<>rity uf huXw^ in ihew days, tlift Siddon& 
(^r Blt^in^ton band might prcj»cnt unpleu-iaut a:?t»ocia- 
tioDs with the toilette of the tonib. 

Ono of the guests at Gore House was a poraopii^ 
whom I wa« dce^tioo^t to mi' very often afterwards in 
active life, A short, Hli^lit fonu lie liud, »nd not a 
wry (pMceful way cf standing His conipUtion wuk 
sW4ithily pale, if ] may l)e uDowrHj to niaico use of that 
aoniewhat piimdoxic^il ^xpiri^niitti. liin hair Mruck nic 
fti bciog of a dark brown ; it ^tis much lighter in after 
yoam^ and while bia cheeks wet« ciraa-shavon, th« 
lower part of hi^ face ivas concealed by a thick 
motutacho and ^n "imperiar' or e)uu-tuft He was 
gofgmiuhly armyed in the dandy t^vt-ning coKtumt; o( 
th« period — a eocittime which Ui i^oiim up-lo-datv 



critics mi^hi nf^m nre|K)^teroUH ; but wliicli otliifrv, 
Gompn&iTi^'r I nliuuld s«j, Mr. OHcsir WilfUt, iniglit 
cl«^m iTomi'ly and ia^ti^ful imd worthy of reviv^L 
Mo^vrver, 1 may Imve to ^y a ^ood deal about the 
daadit» of tlio piwtt before I fiuieh my first vulumc, 
60 I will oniy not<> one itom in the ovi^nin^j ditt»« of the 
^ieejaaf with tli<? bi^^ hnjwn inoiutache and imperial 
whotii I waw^ at Oore liuu-ie. lie wore a «atia "stock/' 
|^ri?<*Ti. if I uiiL not iiiihtjil^en ; and iu tbe t^fntn; of tliKt 
z§tock was n brcAst-piii iu the inin^ of a gold e^l« 
encircled \vitb diamonds. 1 am drying to b© tlirough- 
oiit Ihe^e pa^or^ as strictly iicc urate ais 1 possibly 
tan, but I am not prepared to declan* with certainty 
wbethiT th^ i*;^;]e in the youn^ ^titlemao'u stock 
had closetl or outsprwul win^^s, TliL'y sbuidd pi»i>erly 
have been <?bxied ; smce the bin! of Jove with outjiprtMil 
win^s i» the coguisance of Vriwsia, of llu«iia« and 
of the United Estates; whereas the ea^^le with the cloned 
vfiDgi was borrowed from the Roman standards to W 
the emblem of Imperial fVance; and the youuff 
f^ntletnun with the satin i^toek and the diainonu 
breai4t-ptn ^vtw none <>tLer than Prince Loviis Napoleon 
Bonaparte, Preteuder to the throne of Fntiiet. It 
must hare been shortly before or shortly aft^r his 
niadoiiji e^Apade at 8traA»<hurg t!iat 1 iir^t saw the 

Was Theodoi'e Hook, 1 often a^k my^lf, one of the 
giieetn at Gore Uoii&e r I anked myself again the 
(]ue«tiou in one of the empty >;alooii£ of the manbion 
in ISSOj jiiH when it whs about to be swept and 
gami^ihed, and tjonveited into a rehtiiuraiit by Alexis 
Soyer, the renowned vkrf of the lletbiEn Club. Never 
initidl I know that Theodore oftrn iisrMi to visit 
my mother, and I Listd to experience luuch boyish 
delight at seeing, from our lirAt-Hoor balcony tu tfce 
Qnadrant, the witty author of "Gilbert Gurney'* 
alight from his cabriolet and hand the reinr* to hig " Tiger 



Tim." wltc Imcl just junipwl down from his fo:)tboanl 
iKrlund the (rquipaf-^. Hp was tlic real Tom IngoM»l»y 
"Tiper Tim. " tallest of boys und shortest of men," 
Theodore Hook wait tium n portly mi<lillo-3^».vl ijontlo- 
man, Init vi\nt slill nLatiagE^d ti» k«^>p ^^oziiethiiif^ of a 
vniist vithin the confines of liis tightly -biiLt^wtvl fnH^k' 
coat- He was very rabirumi of roiiiU*?imnc»\ am\ Uiu\, 
]>erhap:<. the cIo»c«t and biiahlest of whi^km^ that ( can 
rt'tni'mbt-r to have ^ciMi. I Imvc hctird liim sing and 
play in our drawinp-rooni : and it wa^ simply bliRs to 
intelli^eDt aud obaf^rvini; cluld to ]i?ttriL to his 6fvtit 
tier, liiK flow of hrilltiint, wttty, hot not (cynical 

ThomaA Moore the poet 1 never beheld in \h^. 
fl<*fth, nlthougb, of course, my moUier oft^ii met him sit 
Jtfsadovrnc! Houm., and Ai othi-r \*yvi\i man si on jt in 
town or in tlic country. I saw ThoniiW Onmpbolh 
autJior of "The Plea^iiives of Hope," "Ye Mwrineiv 
of England/* and '" Tlu- Ijn*it Man," only onee, H-* 
¥riw jwjinWd out to »m' in tlu* Mall of St, Jtmies'Ti Pnrk 
hy my eldest brotlier Preilericlc. A triin» dapper 
Jiltle man was Mr Thomas Ciimphf'II, lAith a large 
•hirt*colIar, a ti;i)*coiit. .ftriptn] pantaloons, und t^boea 
witli flitk bow«. Had f^Aitcro Ix'cn tiubstitutcd for thcsw, 
he would not have been at all unlike one of Seymour*** 
Cockney *iport*men. Hajnw^s I^^iyly. ^^^ th<' othrT 
hADil, nov«Ji«ti poot, mid Kong-wrtt^r, wa^ an intimates 
fiicn<r I remeiidx^r that hr nsnl ti* sint^ ii *on<r ralifd 
Out John, Out. John. What Are Y^u Ak>ut. Jobii? * 
and AnotJier moat humoroua ditty entitied "A Gent 
ID I»ifffl/' A« a innttvi" of fjwt, iic had not lon^ l>cfoi-c 
been a g<*ntlomaD in difhcultios him^cK ; ^tnc>.\ having 
ipent a eonwderable fortune derived from hie father, 
n pronperoos solicitor of Bath, he hiul l^een fain, 
undiT the pTenartt <^f wrils of *'r.n. f<x\S* iind '*U. fn./' to 
take refuge tn Uie tentu of Kcdar, that ik to wny, 
at CuIhia or Boulogne, J*ut in IH35-H(1 he had coitic 


to the surface again. He, too, was a dandy, and a 
cultured, high-minded gentleman to boot. 

I spoke of Marie Malibran in my last chapter; 
but I have now to revert to that gifted Bongstress 
in connection with one of the first operas I ever saw 
at the Theatre Boyal, Drury Lane. This was the 
Maid of Artoia, in which the part of the heroine 
was sung by Malibran. The composer was Michael 
William Balfe, with whom and liis wife and family 
we afterwards became extremely intimate. Balfe, 
throughout bis career as a composer, was subjected 
to a great deal of adverse criticism ; and in the 
criticisms of the Maid of Artois he was very roughly 
treated in the newspapers. One genial scribe 
observed that the instrumentation from first to 
last was a continual clatter of drums, cymbals, 
trumpets, horns, and trombones- "For these instru- 
ments," added the kindly critic, "Mr. Balfe has a 
special predilection ; and as if they were not sufficient, 
he has added an enormous ophicleide to the band 
which absolutely blows one out of the house." Nor 
was the censor much more courteous to Malibran, whose 
acting, he observed, was so turbulent as to cause her 
to be "completely blown," and to render her singing 
" a tissue of melodious screams." 

My own most distinct remembrance of the Maid 
of Arioia is that the superb singing and acting of 
Malibran nearly sent me wild with delighted excite* 
ment. There was a chorus, too, called " Vive le 
Roil" which still dwells in my mind from the amusing 
circumstance that the chorus singers shouted at the 
top of their voices "Vive le Satpf" This also affords 
an illustration of how in some cases one's memory 
may be abnormally retentive, I happened to tell 
this "Vive h Baw!** anecdote in print not long 
ago, when up started an obliging soul — there are 
still obliging souls — who gravely doubted the truth 

.^tME *fr n WYTRKir^ nrsyns. 


jrears old when Uw J/«iV t/ Jrtms ini» fir^ pn>* 
KurtvuMitelj for me, a gentl^tnui wdl oxtt 
•treuij ytvn of a^ tu good eooogh to write to 
me and inform mc that he had a cmt recollectioa 
of the fir^t ni^ht of the J/tfiti <>/' Jrtoit and of the 
"^ev le Ra^V iiwideDt. The tenor vui T«npW- 
mad tbv boMo Hi-nry Pbillips, who in th^ fiecond 
Mug the bcftutifal Inllad. "The Light of Other 
ijn has Pad^/' a iDfrloilj whi^b T hinc«reljr hope 
'that posterity ba» DOt kt- die. Th<> n-ofd» of thii^ 
loTtljr fong were shortly aftcn^'ard^ mcrcilc«^r bur- 
jQod in one of Gilbert Abbot it Beckett's bur[cs<iiie« 
the ik. Janie6s a<« *'The Coat of Other Days 

In Ortober, 1>^, Balfe was him«elf ringing at 
try Lane in bis own o{kem, The Sie^ o/ /CodMlr, 
the opera, a ^traiigrty grotcwjue pcrromaancc, 
licfa wan intended to be pathetic, took pljure. It 
entitlt-d " A Grand Coiamcmoratiou of the l)e- 
Qeniu.« of Music, Commencintr with a MoDody 
'ited by Mr. Cooper.'' John Cooper, commonly 
known as "Jack/' ViH* a Keco»d-ntU' tia^^ian — )k' 
winit^tinH** jdayrd comic partH, Iwwvver — wh^^m in tiw 
forties 1 recollect very well as playing Henry VIII, 
Macready'ft Cardinal ^VoLsey. lie wa-s a careful 
man; and it was rumoured that in additi>.>n to the 
mogK bo bad ainassed darini; his career «jt an acton 
had made a good deal of money in i}\t> pi^-jobbui}; 
line. Ue bad a curious intonation, and I van still 
mentally a liin^ of Wtn as Hi-nry VIII.; "What 
fr^ of wealth hath lit- not accumulated." He was 
tlie only actor, ao far a^ 1 know, who ventured to addrcM 
Hr. WiUiam Charlcrs Macrcady as "' Macrundy/' /otft 
coarl. Cooper had been playing in the br^^ad faroo 
if^A Lift BeloKf Siairs; hut he pulled off hU red w^. 
drmted himwif in evf^nin&f attire, and with a white 


haiidkerchief m bis tinDd. stalked on to the eta^ and 
deKvered liia lin(^, which preceded a numbor of pano- 
mmic? viowit pnmt«d by iho'M^ t^miiu-nt aconic artisls 
William ftnd Thomfth Orieve, Thoiiiii>i Orii^vft lived 
loD^ enough to paint ii ]KjrtiQ& of the t*cpm'rj m u 
burlBiique of my own called ft'/if 7^/er, which my ohl 
friend Juhn llollirL^lif^mi lirou^ht niii at the Uaiety 
Thcntri* at Christmas. isdlJ, The pnncraiinc viewp 
conchidcd vith n pictnre of tlic Coltein&tc Cliorch 
of Mareheftt<'r, wherein wu* wiiii^ the Kequiem of 
Malibruh, whidi proved to tn^ n pot-prjurri r>f operatic 
oddi; and endti i^-inding up with a limilo Ixirrowvd fnim 
Mi*v*^'<'ht»er. The jjoor iUvft had died at MH»eheJiti*r 
at iht* i'TiiI ill" Hf])l.j»tnlM'r, 

Yoii will have been enahied to jud^ from wliat 1 
have aln^ndy written that, when quite a littlo boy. 
I was in the habit of k<epiii^ what in the present day 
would be considc-rcd slH^ckin^ly late hours for n juvenile. 
I\*rhaps you may lahour under the iinpiv^sion that my 
efaildhcaa was pa$.«ed in Bohemia, If that was readly 
the cast^ it wax a most splendid Roheinia; and n^ 
iiiothi^r «aw a yivat. ilntl i.»r the jiahice* aiul castleft 
of Prague, A* Tcgarda myself it wos a i^tudiotu 
Bohemia: my stiidies hein^ varied by treeing and 
hc^ririn^ nil kind?* of celebmtf^d ptople of both sexefl* 
and by bdng very frequently taken to tlio play, Kor 
example, it must have been in \>>'M\ that I finit «iw 
that jjjiEted aetroBB Misw Hi»!*.'n Fauoit, who has long 
Weri thr- liig}dy esteemed wife of Sir TluHnlurc Martin. 
When she was living at BiTJinpton. in the 'forties, my 
mother gave her *' for love" some lehsons in tVcncIi ; 
and nt the house where she resided, in Brompton ^nare 
— it was (it tiic residence of that conftimimate con^cdian, 
Mr William Farren the Elder — I remember ^eeinj* two 
!ipruce youn^ gentlemen in Kton round jaekets, snowy 
lie-down collarn, and shiny top-hatsi, who, I was told, 
wrre the two MnMer^ Fairen. It mwke^ mf* feel quite 

mUS or MT UOTffKirtf FBiKKVS. 


old now to h^&r of Mr. Willbm Fatt^ii perform 
nt t)if> priiiripal London thcutre^ and rt'son'Ded 
a finished impersonator of old mc-o. Of tbc Irish 
actor TypODe Power, in l^:i6, I liave ako a lively 
r^membraiioe from h\* perforaianoe in au cxtraracfaiim 
called Fiamrnfan and ihf Fairim, itiid in ihi* limr 
uf 73t^ fri^i Trior. Poor Power, it i** well knouru, 
periabed in th^^ ftii! tide nf hi;* &me, in tii^ ilUfated 
»te&m»hip Prmdcut. 1 knew both \\\^ Ttons in latfr 
yetura; the eldest rose to be a comiT]iT;fiury-^ncnil and 
to be knigbted; the second, Harold Power, was a 
wonderful mimie, and the cnadjutor of Edmund Yat&i 
in a diverting iiu'diey *nleTtaitim**iit at Uift Ei^vpiian 

I ara abcmt to enU*r on a narration of theatrical 
o» whioli I T^hnll havr t{> dwell in f^iiit* d«>tail ; 

m I leave iU-gent Htrtet, in 1880, 1 liavc jujct one 
little item to recall with roterence to the notorious 
Fieeohi, a m>>ro?i<* Oorsiean, who had been a soldier 
in the Grande JrM'^f, and who had atti^mpt^ni ta 
tMWiimito Louis Philippe liy fmnff at him from an 
nppi^r window in the Butdevard du Temple an appimtits 
of gun-barreln Wxt^ in a frame, to which was given. — 
ttot for the (irst time in French history, — the name of the 
Iiir<-rnid Machine. This blood thii>ly scoundrol, with 
two of his cc-nloderal^s, Popin aiid Morcy, w*ro exccuttnl 
in the last week of February, 183R, and the exeeution 
wa* wlliJi-^sj'd by xjy *<ill livini,' iind fl<fumhitig friend 
Julins Miivhrw, the last nf n ltri*^ht \mui\ liritthrrv, 
the sons of Mr. Joslina Mayhew, a well-knnwn London, 
solicitor. The rfiff^r* rr'feirf of Fie^chi in too well 
known for me oven to sketch the outline of hit* history 
in this plaeo. I am telling what I know ; but I do not 
with to be tiL^pected of " padding/' Now. what I want 
lo say about Fiescbi i* this: the Tillainou>4 engirierr 
of the infernal ma^hini* w]i«, to a certain extent, hoi«t 
by biH own [)eUnl— that is to nay, he wa* badly 


wounded aboat the head by the explosion of some 
of the barrels of hie death-deulng battery. 

In the window of an artist's colourman, by the Dame 
of Barbe, in the Regent's Quadrant, there was exhibited 
— even before the guillotining of the would-be regicide 
— a wax mask of Pieschi enveloped in blood-stained 
bandi^es, as he nmy seem to have appeared lying on 
his paJlet in the prison infirmary. The shop window 
with the mask of Fieschi vras regularly visited by my 
flister and myself in our morning walks ; nor did we 
fail, while trotting up and down Regent Street, to 
bestow our attention on a shop at the comer of Air 
Street, where there was a grand show of sculpture in 
Carrara marble and alabaster. That fine-art warehouse 
may have disappeared long ago, but the artist-colour 
shop of Lechertier- Barbe — on the left-hand side, close 
to the County Fire Office — continues to be a flourishing 
institution. I used to buy my paints and brushes there 
in 1840. In 1836 I was only a peeper-in, but not a 
customer. I have dealt at the house at intervals ever 
since. I bought some conte crayons there last February, 
and I should say that the house of Lechertier-Barbe has 
few older customers than G. A. S, 




uf d4^iHi &n^— UoJiu IkiiK-U III Mmtitnr J"cnY*"— I^uJi'U " N<H *ich • 
T*ry EKf Vilbsu'*? Tiro AiiT^ipiiJi— Mm. (Jh nn*n lic-rl— Tl' Wraw 
O^mtifvim J>* HJlUj^ /^ywrf» -.f'fd<".fA— A CliiW who irnnl*^ to fi» 

— Brtham^ hcnit «b4 l>.viAMiT^>)ni, StitlmiT'lhrk^Eu ^nd ihi> Dmm- 
U«£kn iif *-intvi>r Tti'itI"' The InhpAttanc* of V.WXXii IVn^ ^ Tiirninir 
HA llonuct {juliuik— '|1li< llo^^ii'ii r^rc Colaamrrn— 1u ^'Aiif^y (^UtUlIii- 
ratiit*diiil DrinUii^ Xi*r%. 

It was at tlie St, JamEw's Tli?Htr« Itoyal Unit my 
mother resolved to return U> the ntage and essay her 
fortune, not exelnsivcly as a ning:en but alsa a?* on 
oeire!}^. The ^t. Jainctf*« hiid Txon built in ]^3(>, from 
a dettigii by Beaxley for the celebrated £ut;li^l^ tenor, 
John llrftliam, then abont sixty years of a^« whom 
my mother had known f»v<T since tin* W;tl*"rloo time, 
UralmiM, \\» I n*ntrm1x-r birn, \^i\» it rather ^hort, 
Bt«mpy gcptleman witli a Jewish phyflioguomy, and, 
notwithstanding lii» &wectnei).>f m a Hingen a rather 
gruff- speaking voice. The hi, Janice's waa built at 
ft cost of £20.000, on the eit« of a wi^ll-known, and 
historic. honti^Iry caUcd Nerot's Hotf*t Th^ orij^inid 
Ki^rot is said to have been a French cook, who 
came l^i England in Ute reign fif OharleH II.; hnt I 
cauDOt find ;Lny rntnitii^n oF him cithi^r in lV|»y--^» in 
P^r Cunoinghim. or m Wlicatlcy, Old Ncrot's had 
A fipocious. heavy staircaw, with carved balustiticlcd 
and |ianellef1 wall-H, deeoratedt poHsibly by Verrio or 
by LagutTrt, with niytJiolopcal paintinjj|A of Mane, 
Bacchus, Apollo, and Virornin. Thii front of thiv hoU*t 
WRH |>ien^ n-tth no fewer than twetity-fonr windo^n^; 


^t\(\ T c»1l it hifttimc for thi* reawn that many of 
Witliiim Pitt's oarly lettera to his niothtT arc <1nto<l 
fioiii Nvrot**, and tlisit it «'a* often tin* »«*De of joWal 
camu^alH iiij(»y'*<l ''> ^'i** f<'stivi' mhw nf King Of^o?ge 
III, : — Willijim IV., when Duke of Clarf^nc^, Uavid^ a 
^(pooial partiality for tlic place. Tht* St. Jamc!*'s llicntre 
wftrt opeD(*i] on the 1 1th of Ucoember, JS.'i.'i, with mi 
on^nal operatic " hnrbtta " by Mr, (tillc^rt Ahl»ot h 
B^^ckcttt **ntith'<l .-ijfjtrM ^rvf, tlio muftic' hiding hy Mrs, 
!i Bpcki'tt, w1h*s*? sister, Miss Glossop, Raii^f iti th** 
"harletta/' The laws relatin)^ U> the drama wertr then in 
an extrem^^ly contnulictorv and clH»otic amJition, The 
grent pat<'nt thi-atrt's. Drury Lane and Cov«nt Uard^n, 
wcro fighting for their rii^hts aa monopolists of the 
'' le^itimat^ " drama ; and the rost of th»* th^atre^ w^re 
in a oontiaual stat^ of portnrhatioii and per|ile?city as 
to ivhcthfi' tlu'y wi*n? hifriiijfinf; tlii' liiw or not- 

In n ronlrmjjomry a€(?onnt ol" the opening nf iW 
Ht. flanif^s's 1 find the ?anin*whal hyi>frho)lc stM.pni<*nt 
that " the hoii-Kp h^-xtl Kpnint; np \r\\h marvellous rapidity, 
Imt that it prosrtit^^d tlif^ most cxqiiirsitdy perfect reali- 
sation of a thcntro in point of »^bape, of €li!gaiica, 
of richnesfi, of th** most fanciful beauty, th» tniwt 
comfort, and all thp more *iolid advantaijes of hearing 
aii<) si*t-i(L|f tlnit (H>iilil piwHilily hr inmgint'd '^ AccurdJng 
to the enthnsiastic nt*wjipaper sf.'rilw, it «'iw ijiiite a 
fairy wonder, which had Ix^en modelled on the plan o( 
the theatre ut the Hiihtci^ at Vt-rwaille-S; and the writrv 
tvcnt on to express a hop*- that even its tho sumiM^ions 
Opera Houso vrect<*d by the Grtittd Monarqut* was con- 
stantly JiUeJ by the heatity and fiishion of Franc*', 
RO Braham, in hisc jwlatia) thesitre in King ^^treet, 
St, Jamen's, misfit find eqn»lly inMgnifi(?ent jBitronit 

The ca^t of J^jten SorA included not only Hraham 
and MUs Olc^sop, hut al»o Alorris Uarnett and Miss 
F Horton. The fir^it-namod a4?tor was a remark- 
ably clover man — a Hebrew of the Hobrew«, with a 




pronoanced musical faculty and extraordinary povrora 
vi mimicrv. Tlicse lost were curiously iUui«trjiiti?d in 
that whicli was Morris Biiroott'g most popular and 
s>o«t artistic porforiim0L"e— the i>art of tlie liero in u 
littliy doin<**tic drai»;i called Monnitutr Jacf/nci, u trann- 
lathon from h Frt-rirli itrnv. E-tititlwl /^ Pituvre Jec^uef. 
Barnett hnd to pcrtrfiy an old and di*itre>ued IbtUdn 
iiiUMciaii, vf^getntiti^ io a me^u kidging in Kngliiul* 
whi^rc he ifl victimiried by a ra|>aciouH ;nid i-ru^cujly 
landlcrdn who. gottirij^ the uniortunutt ntarithv into 
his dt'bt^ cozen* hiin out of the "scores" of tho operas 
which he ha^ comnoii^d and passes them oH' aK hi« dwik 
MorriK lUrwetl s hr<»kt'ii Kiii^UmIi wa»; juarvi.^llou'i j and 
his dpiivtry altcmutrly ruovt^cl hjn Hudifiiws to laughter 
jind to tordTS, Uis humorous allutiion to his two shirts, 
" Vea von ii* vets se oier** iii dry." iiwd to set the 
house ill ft roiir; whilo everybody fairly sobbed at the 
musacian'fi l&mootattoiis for thi' loss of his openu, aud 
tbe exquisite p:itliog of his ultimate meeting with x 
long'Ioat dau^iitt?r uiid bis rostoratiou to wealth ;lu<1 
(uipiiiiii<9«>«^ l/tinfrrtfi^ Jai^ptr'H was Kiip[x>sed to liavv 
be^D of Siuilijiti r^:ttniction ; but Morris Baniett's 
broken Ungli^h was that, not of un italian. but of a 
Frenchman. To add to the whimsicality of tli« thiogi 
I may udd that hift fcuowledgo of Frt-uch, cither literary 
or coUoftuial. wil« t^^xtrem&ly slight; and I believe that 
h« hnd cont down to Leictst^r 8(]iiare and Soho for a 
Mytftematic course of leitKous in bii»kt'ti Kii^luh fVotn 
MMiM Uallio d<'iii/i*nh of iht* iniHhrrii IVtiv Fnmce : ko Hfi 
to enable him to bring hi» powers of vocal mirniery 
to bc&r on tho p^^rt of the diatrc^ed compaaT;r. Some 
y«ar» afterwards Morris Banietl relin^juinhed tlie stu^^ic 
lor thft profi^wsiou of journaliKui, and wva (or a long 
time thi> di:iitiatie critic uithvr of th^ Mw/iing lloroid 
or the Morning t^nn/. 

I liHVO rfhv:u*i iimintatned not t^idy tha* London, 
kiboUt the imuKiintty of wliicit we iire continually 


tfrating, is not 8ucli a very big village af^r all, but that 
ire itself, altbougli it may be a very brief or a very 
protracted drama, does not present to us a very 
numerous dramaiis persona. This doubtless heterodox 
doctrine I will illustrate by two little anecdotes 
touching tbe Barnetts- Morris had a brother named 
Benjamin, an actor, who about 1855 was playing at 
the Lyceum Theatre. He took a benefit at that 
house ; and one day came to see me at the office oE 
a little periodical which I was editing in a dark 
passage called Exeter 'Change, of which I shall have 
something to say later on. The object of " Benj, " 
Bamett's visit was to remind me of my early acquaint- 
ance with his brother, and to ask me if I would 
play the part of the rapacious and rascally landlord 
in Monsieur Jacques, in which he (B. B.) was about 
to play his brother's rSle. It so happened that, 
although from my earliest youth I had been familiar 
with the world behind the scenes and had fulfilled 
all kinds of theatrical duties, I had never in my 
life trodden the boards of a public stage; but, as 
I will show by-and-by, I had been more than once 
engaged in private and school theatricals. Still the 
humour of Benjamin Barnett's proposition tickled me ; 
and I acceded to his request: stipulating only that 
I should be announced in the bills as " Mr. WiUiam 
Watling, his first and last appearance on any stage/' 
Mr. Watling was an eminent manufacturer of pork pies 
of the period ; and I hope that he did not think it 
impertinent on my part to have temporarily usurped his 
surname. As to the announcement of the appearance 
being my first and last one, I cautiously made it 
in view of the contingency of some spiteful dramatic 
critic saying that 1 wa*i an extremely bad actor, 
and that I had much better abandon the pursuit of the 
Thespian art. 

And now let me venture upon a brief illustration 

TrrtC NT .TAMKS\'> THf! iTRK. 


iho Jftatttf*. We onlj* had two reheurs^ilB of ifcn- 
"^riewr Jacquen. Our heroine — the ma3icia.a'a loiig-loKt 
dttUijUt^P-^w** IX ttillj elegant, i^'raoi^ful young sictrv««, 
Ut«tt Mumiy, whi> wjw wfUrwuMs 4 tiii.<nthL*r uf CliHrlp* 
Kuan's coiujuiny at the lVini?e**"s and of whom I was 
s-erjr fond — fond 1 m^an in a brotherly Hense : bttcauAci 
she Lad bcca bcaubirully kind uud »yiupath^;tic to my 
dear eistor Gitasy ia \x^y lost illneus. The poor child 
died of ooDSumptioti in lS4t)^ ebd vras the la^t of 
Ive of rav ftisteri who had been currlod away by 
it di'iMilful mithuly. Novv uiu! iij^nii during thv 
reheari^als I noticed that Miss Murray wh« tcilkiug to a 
ly At the back of the sta^e \ but it was so dark that I 
»iud uoi disani who the lady was or what nbe wil^ 
like. Some five years ufterwards, t^j my ^^rcMit oonifort 
id joy, I eiitc»r(.id into tbo i^tnk' of inutriniony; and 
lortly after our honeymoon my wiTl* told me. laugh* 
', thai *\^e had seaii and heard aie speak yi'ars 
I b^l btic-n fin"m;i1ly Jiil-roduir'^d tu hi'r. 
Tfbere?" 1 asked her in amasemcut. "" WlOI," she- 
replied, " it waa at the Lyceum Theatre when they wero 
.rehearsing Mo/twfff Jacqaefi. I wa^ at the biick of 
\\he stage and wu« watching you tlirtiiig with Mi^m 
Murray, who wa»» a great friend of mind/' Of oonr«o 1 
.yras not flirtiug -. it ivaa " all in the piece," m Macreudy 
m wont to ^Vi when ;ictreHHeji complained that he 
luid clenched and pinched iht'ir arm> black and blue. 

Mow for tv fresh exauiplc of the comparative amall* 
|l«9A of the World of LonQon. We did not keep house 
when wd wero iiiMt married ; indeed, I had not money 
enough to furnivh the Nmalle»^t of c'ottage«(; and the 
Dcw Hire System bad not yet been invented; ko for 
two or three yearn we lived in furnished apartments in 
and about Bn>uipton — in Brompton Row, in Sloane 
Btrret> in tVIham Ure^oent, and in Urompton $<)uare. 
The lafit «rt of lodgings wita in a houac kept by a 
)>ortLy lady wLo toid us that her name vr;t« Baruott. 

Saiu'S urt A^rp advj:xtuh£$^ 

^^' Any rcIatK>ii of Mr Morris Harnett?" I oftkcd. 
*' 1 am thu vvi<kiw," »1io ri?{)lie<i. " of that L^olobrated and 
pfted, but lobif^^id^d man." In wliat wny poor 
Morris was mi«]^iiided ( am sure that I do not know. 
*VUii liixt Limr 1 saw Iiiru it did not si.^*u\ Unit tliu wurld 
wii« iiKin^ him very kindly. H« was mttTUL^ng a 
company of Marionett^^d which Mr. Simp<*on, the 
lensee uf Cr<M]U)rQ« Uurdouft. wiu running at a little 
thcatro close to tho Adclutde Qullcry in the Strand; 
and this theatre tva^ sul^t^equeutly ti'^itisfmi'^d to 
Chelsea, ! doo't think Morris Uaniett absolutelj 
jmlM tite wirtM ; but he w^i^ f!ertaitily thi> mouthpiece 

of Mr. 8il»pMHl'A [KipjH-^t^- 

P Yoy will r<?mL'mb«r that in the cuat of A^nrm Sorrl 
K mentioned the intnie of Mm I'riscilla Horton . that 
'OlMCful und melodious burle^iie actresii wa^ aftciwiirds 

' te'bflcoinc Hrfi. GL-rmaD R^t-d, so plc4i»iutly kno^a to 
modern eat«rtaiDment lovers m connection with the 
deli^htfitl fijilltry of IlUistration. I also recollect thai 
fhi.*ri.* pluyr.'d arid i«Anf|r in Jj^ftfJi Snrri a vory hsindsuine 
voung fellow with u Hilvury tenor voice ceiUikI George 
HarkiT- He had been — so my mother used to t^II me^ 
oin; uf the piv^w* of the eccentric i^ady Oarohiie Lamb ; 
but I tim not aw&re whether he wa^ the idonticEil youth- 
ful servitor whom her ludyship in s fit of pasmon once 
knocked down — an occurrence which led Thomas Moore 
the pottt to remark, th^t ht^ «aw no harm in a lady ol 
liteniry tasUw* " tlonblin^ ilown a p:L^." now and then>" 
(leorgiv Barker afterwartlh developed into a singer of 
considerable repute, and was a man about town of s»ome 
pretentions to fii^hion. He drove hi» cabriolet. w& 
Theodore Hook did. 

H Braham's Hr^t sea»Lin lasted little more than tijree 
monthii; and he then let llie* theati-e t^- the eelelwited 
Krenoh actress, MaJiime Jvuny Vnifiii^, fur th<- per* 
formance of French |il!iys. BrsihaMi. however, re- 
opened the house in Hi^plemberr 1636 ; aiid it was theor 

ng ^r jjMstfi^ TBSAns, 

AQtl iti Uie iMiectfrdiiig >«Ar, 1^7, tlut my muther ¥rks 
uost freqcKaUy brfnre tl»r public hut ciikilc a> nmch 
«s ft irociiut as an *ctn»9. Of Xhe piccr* pcrfonncd 
daring tlie« two ytmrs I especially n?m«^nkl>^-r Xht 
faroe of 7I<* Sfrtimf^ GemtlemaM^ an adaptation of ou^ 
of the " Sketehw* h^ Box," iruule by tlio wriur of tW 
"Skvtdm" kimself, Chariot Dickcii«. Tl^o author of 
" I^dcwidc " also «n^ tlie libretto f*tr ui opem oallod 
Tie niUo^ Cti^m^itef, llif eou)|H)Her of the nmsic of 
which was Mr John Hulbh. nfterwaixU !«o wide)}' 
knoira for lib efiortd to derclop the musical cduoatioti 
of the |>oopk'- His deimctor6--who has not detractow? 
— us^ to call him 'Mr HuUabaioo.'' Then 1 rwull 
l>r. AxneV nii^lodioiu but now altogether shelved 
openi of ArttJTrrjvK, winch, in C(>iir»rmity with liio 
ndieulow^ but iiidispeD^wble procedure uf tho iiOd- 
legitimate theatres, waa atyled *' A Serious and 
Musical Hurbtta. " The Art^bonea wa^ llraham him* 
aelf; aod tiie Mundano wa-t a dclat^iH/" by tht^ uatik* of 
Misa KuiDforth, a yt»unfi; lady with a full voice, verj- 
powerful oti the upper uotefi. but not exceptioimlly 
foreihie ; below the line lur iutonatioii wa» imperfeot, 
and ahe occa-sionally s^itig a little sharp ; hut her execa> 
tion at ouce placed hc.T on a level with Mts^ Slnrreff 
and Mitt Homer, the tvto leiidiii;; £[i;:lisli //mw ihtutt 
of iho epoch. As u^ual ID the operas produced during 
a s>eai»on of lyri<^l dec;idence, a nuiulier of aira filched 
rroni oth*r ojH-rA^ wt-rt* foi-^Ui'^l inl^i Dr Anie'* |»ruihje' 
tion. Henry Hiihi»p\ '' V\y, Suft Meas/' wa^ thi-ro, 
Umham'tf own (jUcirtutte. " Mild aw the MiMiiil>eain» " 
waa there, while from the uiighty ma^tor, llaiulel. wa* 
borrowed. *' Tears such aw Teniler Futiier* Si>cd," 

For two reaaona do I prenorvo two |jarticulnr reniiiiiH- 
ceikcw of .h/ftJ^''trf' i\t the St. JamL's'^. Ono in n 
pleaaaut, the oth*-r n hurrihle memory. Childliko, and 
arfcUtically clnldlike. t waA fjuietnated by the K^owin^ 
Oriental Hceaery, the goq^eon^ dreni^tM, tlie datxling 



stage jewellery. But, unhappily, I was endowed with 
a fatal muaical as well as verbal memory* I was at 
the theatre either before or behind the curtain almost 
every night; and I soon learned to pipe in tolerable 
time and tune nearly all the songs in Artaxerxet. 
The, to me, miserable consequence was my being 
continually maternally commanded to sing *' Water 
Parted," or '* Tears such aa Tender Fathera Shed/' 
or "Thy Father, Away!'' or "Monster, Away!" 
or some kindred ditty for the questionable gratifica- 
tion of grown-up ladies and gentlemen, my mother's 
frieuds and acquaintauces. 

I always hated recitations of any kind. I bitterly 
resented in childhood the imputation of being an 
Infant Phenomenon. I have always had a lively aver- 
sion for my own writings and my own individuality; 
and it was with absolute loathing that I was forced to 
come forth on the carpet as a show-child. and bleat 
forth songs or speeches or poetry. Very often I refused 
point blank to recite ; and then I was scolded or 
punished as an obstinate young mule, which I am 
sure I was not ; I was only a nervous, observant child, 
who wanted to be left alone ; and they would not leave 
me alone. I am trying, in my sixty-sixth year, to be 
left alone \ but I do not succeed much better than I did 
when I was eight years old- Parents foolishly vain- 
glorious of the supposed cleverness of their children 
would do well to ponder. 

We had the Beggars* Opcra^ too, at the St- James*s, 
Braham as Captain Macheath and Miss Elainforth as 
Polly. Peaclium was played by that remarkable 
impersonator of old men's parts, Strickland, whose 
read name was Van Buren ; Lucy was assigned to a 
young lady named Stanley; and the irresistibly droll 
comedian John Pritt Harley, who was also stage 
manager at a salary of £30 a week, was Filch. Harley 
had a craze for collecting rare and curious walking-sticks ; 


just as Geoi^ IJodwin of the Umltfer Imd a prnekoHt 
ioT EratlioriDg together hifftoric chairs. WhctlMT 
my mother plAv-jd Mre. PiMichum [ fail to remember; 
but »ili*) certainly enacted the Princosw Huncamunca in 
Pi<'Min^'3 biirl0*]at» operetta of 7hm T/ttrmh : Uic j;n*al 
Striotkiud Ijpiiig tli» Ktii^. aad Harl<?y, Ijtird HriitKle. 
His dfAth »C¥n« wba i-xcniciiitingly Tunny ; and nftcr 
he hfwi been mortally sfubbod And wa* ly»»g half 
prostrate on the stage singing tUo doleful dirge: 

** My bod V it Ik bnnlcrLjpC'" ithoji, 

he would beckon to Stansbury, the lender of the 
iMmh»^tr;i, ami in fnUiTing m-n^nU asic him for the 
loan of his snuff-box. Mr Stunsbury, by-the-bye» 
wait a capital leader and managed the smi^!l but com- 
pact band admirably- In Avtaxerxrs we liful th(^ ser- 
\ices of ftomi- roally lirst-mtt* infltrumentatisls^ including 
Harper on th« trumpet and Grattan Cook on the oboe. 

I am unable to give anything iippnjacliing -v 
conwcutivo list of the pieoe^ in which my niothrr 
took part at the St. Jame^H. Hhe was ht^^ally an 
aetrCHii of all work ; bringing to partn, grent and nmLdl. 
all the adv»nt[tges of \\^t wondorful vci'^atitity and 
h«rr indomitable (>nergy- I know that «iio playod, 
ud plnyiul very suooessiuUy, too, Meg Menilii's in Gug 
Manneriit^ ; but whether it waH at the St. ilames's or 
not 1 am not quit* certain, That she did impersonate 
Meg is imprejssed on my mind by the fact that on the 
fir*t night aho tvan al)out to dye her fnec. hand»> and 
ArmK with a preparation oE \^"alnut'iuicc ^ and \\i\A nhe 
done «n tho would have been us brown as a berry for 
week*; but fortunat-ely there wu^ present nt reh^arsata 
a then well-known melodmnijiLic iiclreA'i, Mrs. W- Wt-ii, 
who timcously warned her of the pcriU ol" the utain m 
question, and inetructed her in the making of flomcdaik 
cosmetic of Ui« nature I should eay of tht modorn " wig 



paste/' which could be washed off after the performance 
by a liberal application of soap and water. So many 
and such widely differing roles did she undertake that 
Braham once either seriously or jocularly suggested that 
she should appear as Gambia in T/ie Slave. As the 
mother of five, my dear parent was naturally reluctant 
to assume a part, the costume of which necessitated 
not only the blacking of the hands and face, but the 
donning of a full suit of black tights with white calico 
" trunks " ; but Braham was not to be discouraged, and 
he positively iuduced her to dance in some spectacular 
piece — the scene of which was laid in Spain — a pa8 seul 
called the Cachuca, which was then the rage in London, 
it having been introduced into England by a famouR 
French opera dancer, Mademoiselle I)uvernay, who not 
long since passed away, at the great age of eighty, and 
as the widow of Mr Lyne-Stephens. She was a devout 
Boman Catholic, and magnificent in her liberality to 
Catholic and Protestant charities alike. Of course, my 
mother's Cachuca was rather a humorous paraphrase of 
Duvernay s ; but it bad an immense success. I can rec^ 
her, now, in a black satin bodice and full pink silk skirt 
reaching, decorously, almost to the ankles, and with 
many flounces of black lace ; I can hear the clicking 
of the castanets and the shouts of applause from the 
audience. One night she was thrice encored ; and as 
she left the stage, almost fainting from exhaustion, 
young Augustus Braham, one of the great tenor's 
sons and a lieutenant in a crack raiment, caught her 
in his arms and carried her as though she had been 
a feather up two Hights of stairs to her dressing-room, 

Augustus Braham died only a very few years ago 
as Colonel or Major Braham, at St. Leonards. Lxi 
his later years my acquaintance with him was pleasantly 
renewed. Braham's eldest son, John Hamilton Braham, 
began bis career at one of the Universities ; he was 
afterwards well-known in musical circles as a basso 

run ST. Jjyh's"fi niKATia'. 


of conatderable power. Charles, the third hou, was 
gifti^l with ft line kuor vjicc lunl ntudkJ at Milan. 
UU; i!!ar«er u£ a profesffiouu) artir^t \vjis iKjt VL*rj pro- 
tncted ; he had Hcarcely reached middle lile when 
he foaud bimiiclf in the fortunate position oE 
liaviitg nothiD^ lo do; nnA xhai iKilhin^ ]iti i1id 
ttupprldyt hitigin^. hovrevfr, fraiii tiiiu^ t« tiiiir lii» 
fatber'A "Death of Nelson," at convivial ijatUcniigw, 
jdirt to remind himself aiid his friends that ho wua a 
chip of tho oT(1 block. All ihi'intj throe Brah&m^ I 
knew intimiitely, l>iit of thfl jouni^t'>;t son, Waivi, 1 
had only a vsnr' ^U^ht kiiowle<!f^'eH The Gr«t tim« 
1 met him wa-* on imard a steamer ploiigliiiig the 
BtnutA fnini Diivci" tn (.alais; ^liilI his fcllo>v-tl';ivell«'T 
Wd0 a giMitlcmaii named Chichester Fortcscuo, who ia 
now Lord CtirlingJord, I treasure the remembrance 
l>e€ause I remember as a little boy iK'ing presented by 
th« elder Hnihftiii in a pit-ho)c at the St. Jarnt^i^'ic to a 
yotmj^ 3«dy, hi« dsiuffhter, Misji Prance?; llraham, aftpr* 
vards to become tlie universully beloved ati'l revered 
Pranceii O^iiuiti-xs WaMe^mve. All th<? Draham family, 
I appr^lien<l ;ire now dnid 

1 am privileged somettiiici^ to moot \i vonerublc 
Indy, who. for lUI her years. U still or was the \a^t 
time I met her, a^ livHy a^ Mrs* Keeley, She never 
faiU to banter mt* about my a^e. "Own up/* she 
vay* ; ■' teil tin* truth -, how loim have you known 
nwr' '' My dear Madmu/' 1 reply. "I hate known 
T0« since the year lHU(i, when I first admired your 
ocAuty ami your ^euiur) at the 8t. Jameit'M. under 
itmhain's miuiatfeitieut. Vou were attired, if t rc- 
mrmber ri^ht, in a purple velvet jaeJ^ot and oontiima* 
tion»i. pintc silk stuckin;^ cruss ^i-tered, nnd n sU'epk*- 
crowiied bat adorned with many ribbons, with a 
idOQched lirim; two [iiHlnlK liihuiird your Manh, and in 
yoor n^ht himd you earrirrl a ritlr. Vou were playiti^^ 
tlic part ^f tbe hero in a piece culled J'tMcal Jintnt^^ H 


tt ffALA'.*i UFK AXff AflVl'A'TUMSH. 

tnmslation. I believe, of Alexandre DuTtia.<;'j« melodnuna 
of tlio 6nmc name." The ^'oung aud hundeomQ lady 
wlio was BO brave in purple velvet and ribbons in the 
days when William IV. \va* Kiuj;, is the extant and 
vfTiemMr Ljidy Grvyiiry, <nu"-i: Mrx Stirling, 

"We were gri-ftt in burlesques at tile St. Jmiuc^'k 
under Braham's rr^imr. I remember one on Shake- 
speare s AV/fy /«/*. Tiicn wi; had the opt^atic bnrletta 
of the Quaker: an excellent busso, iiani(Hl Adam JA'fflor, 
playiDi; Stt»ady, Antony tho cpeni!;, an £n|{lii;)i version 
of vVebers Oberon ; or t//e Klf AVfly* Oafk — Brabam 
playing IIho» of Hurdemue — conie« bjick to me ; and I 
also rcniembtT anothi^r *' farcicnl biirlrHit/' miitliHl Thf 
'IVtftirrsmann Btiil. and a ix^markablv higubrious but- 
Iceque extmvaganxa Tk*^ lievoU itf (ke IJ t/rkhouit€. The 
New Poor Liiw vi&s tbcMi in tlio dawn of ittt unpopu- 
larity ; and public att^^ntion was being drawn with 
terrible forw to the new Union Workhouse systeni 
in young Mr. Charles Dk-kensV novel of "Olivet 
Twiht," wliidi w^Ls Ibfii lippearing in the j>agt^s ijf 
Beniteys AUscri/erny, Unless I gravt^y err, ''Oliver" 
was dramatised at the St^ James's {ol course, witbout 
the author'ii eon^itt) ahnofit a^ foou at^ it wim conc?luded 
in Horttfty; and I have » dim remembrance of reading 
in *ome eomic pi^riodienl of the tinn) that so liorrified 
wji« Dickens, who was present in a pri\'^te box, ut the 
wretched liaj*h made of hi* |KJwertul fiction, that 
at tin- <:iniehi9(ioi) nf thf sri'ond ai^t '' notliing but the 
s^les of the boots of ' Jioz ' were vj«iblo on the IcOge 
of his box." 

Not witbout florae fear and trembling do I tell this 
Etory; since I find in Forfitere "Life of Dickens" an 
explicit tctateinent on the part of the biograpbt^ tfaafc 
111.' act^rjmpanied Dickens to a representation of Oliver 
Titiat at tha Surrey Theatre, and that in the middb 
oi the iirai scene the author laid himself down upon 
the floor in a corner o£ the box, and never ro^ from 



it till llii» curbiiii fell. It is just. iKj^'Lsible ttiat the out- 
bunst of feelirg at tliv Surrey- ma)- have beeu -^ replica 
of tlwt at the St, James's. 

But to i-oturn to tht Jtvvoll of ih<r Ji'otMouse^ 
What th« estrura^anza was about I havo cot at 
pre^t'iit ftny ilofiiiitf* ivni4>ml3mn[?ei bnt I recolloct that 
on tht' Hist iiiglit tlu'R? *vii« n'jjR-?tt»iiU-il ii k'\tn\ of IricL 
or traDsforEiiEition bceiie, sinuilatiiig a i\v]tl of tiimips 
which wi-re chang<?d into the hejuis of ' s\j|K*r.^" sup- 
fwtd to be paiipern. Theae anmiat^'ti turnip:^ roae 
tbrouffU a trap-iioor to the ntago, and tlion lulvanccd 
io A cadaverous cohort to the footlit^htK, criM:»ait^ 
♦OHIO dokful chant alwut the scantiness o£ their 
rationtf. 1 liavt- al\\':ty« fiiiuly helieved that thU 
tninH fori nation rtcvUL' of tlir Tuiiiriiilri'rl liiniiji^ ^avi.' 
I>M-keij% wlio rtas constantlv hchind the j^CPiies at 
(be St Janies'^ at thv time, tlie idea of Mr. 
Cnimiolcsfi ockhratcd practical 'wet" oi the "pump 
aod tubs/' 

I must not omit to istate that at one period of the 
Bfuhatn matiaj^emeut there were given a ftucce$»ion 
of light Fr'HcIi operax, wilh Kfti^liHli fHiri'fti, Ctm- 
spicaous nnioiig thi'se wiw Kr J*oAfil!oa (/r Lrtfiyjf'fTf/ffi^ 
IWIijuu tiikin? the part of the hir^toric pontiliuii whose 
tpletidid voitv brought hiiu within apparently' ininit- 
n«nt peril of committing bigamy luul beinp; hutigcdp 
Another ^//^r/t cowiffi/t- ^vhi*jh lock a histing liold on 
nijr youthful iniaginntion was the Jmf^a'tiffidj'ict*, the 
closing ticeue of wlitch represented a private box on 
tbo pit*tn'r of a tht^atre, IViini whS^h Imik a Min)iibiti.'d 
Htflgfl with artiatcs performing, an orchestra with a real 
baud, and a portion of the pit and the tier* of boxes 
opposite filled with real F^pcctator^. wert? viftible^ The 
invention wan a m^x^it ftkiiriil, und to ma u I'harming 
ODOi lUid my »^)]^t«T ard I forthwith sot to work to 
make a cardboard inodtd of tlie HC«ne, and to fill it 
with puppets inouldint from bread> 



You will tlkiuk M, no tloubt, very frivolous on my 
part to recall so cliiliUsli an incident ; but 1 coikt«ivd 
that the making of that little model wan tmly iin 
iiiilruiMf uf lh4l ;irt of |iavin^ jilh'iition to j^ideiII 
thinLpt to which 1 have nlwav* dt^votod Diysolf ever 
since I began to think ; nnd I hold that if you pay 
rfi-iet littcntion to minor motteiN, you mIII find in 
the K>ti|if rtin that many of them v^ill provt^ ()it<tiiictly 
us^Oil to ymi^ For c>xampU* : about t^ii yeare after 
the prochtrtron of F^' Aiit^fiAmfinvr' at the ^l. James'se, 
A t;ha!"!hiii^' French rn/ifff/nW. of Knglitih e.vti^ictioii, 
Mjidumo Ami;L TliilUm. whi) had already UxUvn th«f 
town at the I'liiUTfi^ :* in 'J%- Crt/tc/t Dittw^/mh. r^urned 
to tho tuniL* thi'utre wjth a npt^rhirv in whidi thi» first 
opera was L' Jmbasnatlnct*. flappenio^ to meet in 
Begeiit Stn*et my old friend, Mr, John Mo*K*x MadJox, 
in whiwe i"m])k>yo»''iit I h;ul U-ni froin i^tlitol^T, 
Hud with ivhom 1 Imtl renminc'il "n the friendlient t*nna, 
h»- tiild nie thiit Marlame Anna Thillon had <-im\e Iwu-k, 
Ancl tiiat h^ Wit's ^oin^' to mount L Jmfm'oiai/r'icc. J 
montioucd to him that I hud ft^H-n the opera at the 
St. Jiim^s'B in 18^7, nnd a^uin w^ i\ nchoolboy in l^iris 
in 1840, aud tliat I kiww vt-ry wt-Il how the last scene 
should be "sta^d/' inafimui^h £iy I had made a model 
tif the '* set *" wlien 1 Wiw a i-hiM. Maihh>x wjis deli^ht^l 
with ilu- intelliyen<v , anil awknl nw to i:jome nji to 
niy old c|imrt<*rs in tlie paintinjf-rooni the next day 
and talk to the scenic artists. X showed tlioni how 
1 had i^v*.\\ thu thing done in Londou an^I Paris. ] 
jiat in tho pit during the r^heiirsul, und ^jivo rir^ roe^ 
advict- t^i the 'stafi^' nianiij^er, tin; snjK'i'* master, aiui 
the master carnentiT ; and MaJdox vtry hand^^oniely 

Irresrnt*^ mfl witJi an honorarium of one gninr;!, wliit^h 
can flMuri* yon wjw at that period of the very great 
use to u young ^cnth-inua abuut town woo i 
working cvceedinjcly hard, bat tbo intervals betwwtn 
whose brejikfast*i and whos*' tliuner* were rery often 



incomfortably prol.w^xl. As a simple Initio I imi of 
lOpinion that tlu* iDtervaU hi qucftiuii weru »ut UDfrc- 
[Queotly between br^AtkEust and breakfast, an<3 tbat tlio 
diniiens often fell out of tlie K^oori altogetlier 

I» H:f7, and tlurtng a [mrlioii of HiS Llit* lynciil 
meinWnt of Ui« ooiiipHny at tlic St, J»utu«*s wofkcd 
lublc tum?^. BnitiftiD, to his Jotruction. bad become 
!tbe h^ec of a hugo buildm^ in the Uegent'ii Park 
called the Colosseum, which had beon bchTuu in LS2i 
im ihe de^igri^ of I>e(^L1nu« Burton, With it>i <^oii* 
^l*rviitoriv« and adjiiurtit ^»r(]i.>Q it occii^iril iiboat nu 
acre. It was a ponderouti edifice of polygonal forni witli 
a portico and a iivigt^. stiniio mating dome, and boTft u 
much cJo?«er re?aemUikiLce to the i'autlieon of A^ripim 
than to tlic CoIosKcarn iit liomG. Hltc vrds L-x1iibited, 
|Vben 1 fir^t rera^^mbt-r the* plac*o, the i^it^witit' pEUiorama 
of I»ndon, pUiuued by Mr. Horner aud paiutt-d by 
PartHN. There wa* a Hull of Mirrors; ttj<*ii> was a 
Hothir itviarv ; tli4*n.< wrn* sham ritiii:^ nud a i^nitU) ; 
and in purticular I ri^membei- u great ascending room 
which would hold from thirty to forty t^pccbators, and 
nay be coiisidi-red practically as the ^ratidfither of 
modera Kni^linh l\SU. Thv invontiuii 1 titkir to be 
aa Italian OQC; ^inc« id the"GrovilUf ML^iaoiri^'' there 
IS « mf>ntit»u of an asceudiiig rouiii seen by Mr Grevillc^ 
in a paWe at G«[ioa houie time in the thirties; but 
the df^vtcf would ttceni to be; » virry aitcieat one. 

To tht mi^el}aiicou?^ uttractiiniw ol" the Uogcnt's 
Park Colosseum. IJniham added that which wa^j pruot^ 
ly a variety show or Music Ilall conducted en most 
[tDterpriHiTiL^ lin^^. There w;is an ample staifo, and the 

la of iha London C^iititv" Coiiucil— ^sliuutd any uf 
tlicwe wiMeaoreH come ucross thih book — will u-ud with 
idiamay that there was n bar at one extremity of the 
iditc^oin, and that waiters freely circulated umoii;^ the 
rowB of Heats between the " turna," crying in »<HioroUB 
tones: "Give jour orders, genttf.*' I aii> not aware 


fH f<ALA\^ Liph' ANh ADV fi^"tutfk\y. 

whether smoking was permitted. Of theentertainmentB 
given I remember just three : — There was the "operatic 
buHetta'' oE the iraieymart, in which Braham played 
Tom Tug and my mother Mrs. Bundle. THen there 
Was a wonderfully funny male singer who used to 
earn encore after encore in a song called, "Biddy the 
Basket Woman " ; and as his popularity increased he 
added to his repertoire a patriotic ditty with the 
taking title of "The Bonny English Rose-" The 
"Bonny English Rose" was of course, the youthful 
Sovereign who had just ascended the throne. Her 
Majesty Queen Victoria, whom may Heaven long pre- 
serve and bless ! 




DAWwiNg OF ricKwrcK. 

'illi Amlt Aifi'tMbi— 'T1j<^ ri'(viii*iim uf A^pdHlbiTL — Kuil vt [Iw 

1% Vik^iwlwln— Fncfc* CVuuLva* WhIcIo^a v^: I'jrpt ^^^.'bc ol 
Ouitl«a I'i^'fciM^Tiio "Buwimtnin"- Jly Jli-Jihrt Kiv<Iiti'. Ii — A Vunog 
41m1lgnwn'* lirvui in thi Sft«»rirl Y*«it uf Uk<< H.^(tn— Al Scfii'.^t m Tun*, 

HB last nttractiou of the Colosseum Mumc Hall 
wa^ a troupe of Mcdouiu Amb^. Whether tlioy were 
Bcdooias or not T will nob voiioh for ; but tlicty 
vrwe BMoredly Arab^L jujil devout Malioiottt^Lns, Tbey 
lived to flt«ii<] on eacU ottters' lieads and t!e themflelveat 
inli> Vi^ot«, anil vaiill. anil tumble, and perfont] otliar 
rmta comnion enough m theso adviiuct^d acrobtitic davs i 
t which in 1^37 were considered to be little Icae 
supernatural. There was ono Arab in particular 
who Witft &ai*l to be a dervish. Hi* was really tho 
hoolmaiticr of the half-a-doxf*n little boy» whom the 
K'd B<.'Jouiiis liad bfL>«ght willi thL-rni : nnd 
wed a trick which to my young tniud vei^od 
tlie minu:tilouA. He would climb to the top of a 
onj^ ix>le atuek on tlic sU(^- ; nnd then, cintching the 
pole with his right huud, would tjn'ow the rct^t of his 
body into space and assume a sittin<; attitud>> in the 
air. Whether this was done by means of a subtle 
arrAUgi>m<'nt of injnH under hifi g;inn(^nti(, or by nheer 
IraJneJ muscular stretifrtb, I luid no tnrau:* of Ju^Jf^i'ig' 
t the posture wn^ fiimply astoundiui^. 
Tli€ ^htik, or head of thiM band, was a Turk named 
fa. All Turks uro born ^ntlemen ; and 
hih, mer^ fuaunibuliat a^ ho waj<, prvssented no 


exception to the rale. He was an intelligent, well-bred 
peraon, extremely observant and quick-witted \ be spoke 
a little French wben be arrived in England, and my 
mother taugbt him a good deal of English. The result 
of his tuition in our tougue was worth noting* He and 
his troupe lived in a roomy bouse in the Blackfriara 
Bead, close to the Surrey Theatre ; and my sister and I, 
accompanied by our nurse, Mrs. Eaner, used to make 
frequent trips to the Surrey side of the water to take 
tea with Abdaliah and bis merry men» and play with 
the brown -skinned, white-turbaned little Arab boys. 
Their mammas had not, it is almost unnecessary to say, 
accompanied them to the land of the Giaours. The 
schoolroom was on the ground floor and was a lofty 
apartment, destitute of any kind of furniture, with the 
exception of a square of carpet on which the dervieb 
pedagogue used to sit cross-legged. Before him whs 
a circle traced on the Soor, the area neatly covered with 
white sand \ and round this circle the little scholars used 
to crouch on their haunches and trace letters and words 
in Arabic with their fingers in the sand. If they made a 
mistake the error was easily rubbed out and the sand 
tablet was soon ready to be written upon again. Their 
lessons in calligraphy were alternated by the singing 
in a monotonous chant verses of the Koran ; and 
altogether this little Mussulman school in the heart of 
London was a thing to be delighted in and to be 
wondered at. 

The Arabs killed their own meat; and I suspect 
— tell it not to modem Inspectors of Nuisances — 
that the butchering was done in the back kitchen. 
The end of Abdaliah, so far as we were concerned, 
was curious. He and his troupe left England for 
an extended continental tour, from which tbey 
realised, I believe, a great deal of money. Abdaliah 
returned to London for a short time in 1841 ; 
he had abandoned bis full Oriental garb and wore a 

TO TitK DAwyryo op Pickwick. 


blnok froolc-coai and ii U^z, undor wlii^li Mimptuaiy 
ooaditiciii;; he mi^lit well Uiwo Ijcwn mistaken for an 
iitticTi(5 of tlic Ottoman Emlxissy. Ho bad censed to 
W A Sheik iiTid called hiin^iroi) Ium viNiiiitg cards ^' Mr. 
AlKLdlali." Mj mot!ii-r un^'d ti> U-ll ils, laugliin^Iy, Ltint 
the formerly ^triclly orthodox Moslem h:id become 
very fonti of (*^» and bac;>ii ; iiud that he did not by 
any nicjini^ object to purk cbopa (or latich. Then wo 
huard that be bud married a widow lady of ample 
dimeutiioiiii and me^itiv a.s alnpb^ who kept -x j^in-jmlaof 
in the Oil) Knit Hniul. I sitK:i*i'rIy liopL- ibat iiifre was 
not anoUier Mns, Alitklkh at Cairo, oi' at AlcKiindria. 

One laat word alxmt the ill-fated Colosfleum. which, 
after poaaing through innumerable vici^HJtud^A iu a 
piaoe of entertainment, was pnlLfi dowii in 1^70, 
nod the «ite utili^^ed for building purposi'^i. In one 
of the honiwK in Albuny Str^-et, erected on the site 
of the I ltd MiiHic n^tllf t used often to dine with 
my deci'.ajied friend the well-known aj^tor, John (JJaytoii, 
who nijirried a duagliter of I>ioii BouciciUtlt, and whose 
broUicr Cliudo, a clever painter of ^c/trc, exhibited 
under the name of CalthropJ In John Clayton's 
dining-room, on many pleasant Sundays, I used to 
<:onjure up memories of Un- byj^ne Colos^'ntii days; 
and in {mrticnlai' wdoKl I rtvitll a rosy-chrrkrd Uirinaid 
with glossy brown trcsics and laughing; black eyes, with 
whom the young DrahamA used to Hirt outrageously. 
In 1^7-1 I hail a deaperat^ illness, which kept me for 
Mveu months prostrate and uEinhle eithi^r to write or to 
dioUt^ a line. My nmhuly wini such una^nisin;^ onf» — 
atTe>ctin^ as it did my entire body^ which was gtmeratly 
kept well paiutotl with collodion llexiler or witli tlobverM 
uf Milphiir, or with wliil,e of cyg cir C;iR;ida iKilaani— 
that my kind niL^icitl attt^ndants^ Or. Anstio and l>r. 
J. P, Steele, were afraid to move me to my bedroom 
upstairs; and my eoiich of misery was fitted up in 



the dining-rooTn, I suffered, as a bonne bouchcy liorribly 
from insomnia, and, rebeHious to the most potent 
narcotics, was more or less sleepless for weeks. Of 
course I had a dny-nurse and a ni^jht-nurse Tbe 
nocturnal :ittcndaiit was a chubby female of about 
fifty years of age. Generally speaking, she was 
thoroughly incompetent, She had been warned, how- 
ever, by some doctor that she should shake the medicine- 
bottle before administering the potion to the patieBt, 
but unhappily she gave too literal a reading to this 
precept; and she was continually agitating draughts 
which did not require shaking at ^1. She had another 
little habit rather inconvenient to a patient who was 
frequently in the habit of going, through sheer bodily 
anguish, into convulsions. Mrs, G— (Gamp was not 
her name, but it might have been) was subject to the 
most extraordinarj' ^'expositions of sleep" that I ever 
was aware of. No sooner^ as a rule, had she arrived and 
partaken of a copious supper, than, watching her oppor- 
tunity when I had closed my eyes in one of a hundred 
attempts to snatch half- an- hour's slumber, she would 
dispose her substantial legs on a chair and fall, at 
once, into a sound sleep. Presently she would snore ; 
and then 1 would swear so vigorously that she would 
Jump up in her sleep like a jack-in-the-box, and 
exclaim, "Lawksa mussy me, the dear good gentleman's 
a-goin' oil' his head ! " Of course, she always stoutly 
denied that she had been to sleep at all. She had, 
however, her waking moments ; and one night she told 
me that in her youth she had been a barmaid at 
the Colosseum, and much noted for good looks — 
"which Capting Horgustus Braham was always hor- 
derin' champagne to drink her 'elth ! " To think of 
the bright-eyed, brown-haired Hebe of my boyhood 

transformed into Mrs. G^ , who might have been 

Mr6. Oamp ! 

John Braham left the St, James's Theatre at the close 



of Uio AeadoD of l>^3$, <;ompAmtiveIy speaking n ruincil 
IDU. WheD he auttumird tite rnnnasemf^nt oJ' tlio 
bmit:fi]l Iiou^ ill King Btrvat aihI iXw hit^i* <*4ltncL> in 
th« H**^'i?nt*H Piirk, lift fnuNt liavi* lw*rii wry wealthy ; 
but his Toat furtuiie \\aA bi^cti swullowed up in u\» 
vortex of a disaatroufl advoature* They say that there 
arc three ivlmo^t iofalliblo wuy» of ^^ettiii;; rid iti a. 
very I>ri<;f Fpaco of tim»> of a hirgi* fortuin'^aiimfly. 
to start a iii'vfs|i!xix'r, tu kif-p ^i sitcsim-yaclit, and to riii 
H ihpatro; but I think i\\-Ai 1 will hacic thL' theatre a?; 
the eartie^t aod the swiftest nieajiH for ilie coiivi^rsiuii of 
piec*^s of silver ami piocft* of gold into dry IviiVL's or 
into Iteceivmg Ordcrw from the otiiciiiU of the Court 
of Bankruptcy, 

Bmham was uot discounv^ed by what was practioiUy 
bankruptcy. Althouj^h ho wa^ sixtj-foiir yoars of -x^e 
lie buckliKl on \\'\^ armour a^uiii, and onco nior^ sought 
the piiniW of PortutRx iiN a vocitli^^t in the Uriited t^tat^^^ 
— whc^ri? hiw pnpiilarity had not waned and ivh«'n? ho 
made a prolong and on the wlioW highly re- 
munerative tour. The la«t time I heard him sin^ was 
ftt Brighton, in i^iii, in an orUurio at the Town Ilalli 
and there «tilt lin^re in my ear the memory of 
" Honour and Ariiift Forbid sucha Pruy," which he^avo 
with superb ert't.-cl- Hi' wiis tlicii H^vj-iiiy*! wn yiMrH of 
agi*. Hft died in peace und comfort in 185f] : made 
bappy in lii^ fU^:linin^ years by the alfectionate Molici* 
taac of his ihinghter, Kram^os, Coitnteas Wa!d«gmv<T. 
I had scon, as my renders have ahvady been told, that 
gr&Md** d^me in her ^:irly ^drlhood. Sho wa»j nut bean- 
tifol ; but U^r face beamed with inteUiceuce. The 

Ehasw of h»r renutrkahle career are sufficiently well 
nown; and it is unnrvi>s!«ary tt» ililatr* iijxm them 
beyond merely >t^ting thL<^ fnot^ that v\\<^ WiL-« mr4rrji.'d 
Gr»t to Captain Waldogravo ; next to Earl Waldegrare ; 
thirdly to Mr. Mannf^s Sutton (tho eon of an arch- 
bishop of York), and fourthly to Mr. ChicheAt«r 


Fortescue (now Lord CarliDgford), She was a most 
bounteous, kindly, accomplished, and liberal-minded 
lady. She was a kind of aristocratic Mrs, Thrale; 
and her historic home at Strawberry Hill had many 
of the characteristics of Streatham — minus, however, 
the presence of that *' respectable Hottentot," Dr. 
Samuel Johnson. 

I am afraid that I have lingered a tittle too long 
over the Braham epoch ; but I may be foi^ven for having 
done so, since in more than one sense the St. Jamesfi 
Theatre at least has been the keystone of the arch of my 
life. There I first saw, ae a very young and eminently 
handsome man, Charles Dickens. His unsurpassed 
works of fiction are, I hope and believe, as widely read 
in these days as they were in 1S37-S ; but the present 
generation, I should say, can scarcely form an idea of 
the absolute furore of excitement which reigned in 
reading-England during the time that the monthly 
parts of the novels in the green covers were in progi'ess 
of publication. We have all heard the story of the 
invalid whose doctor gravely told him that he feared 
that he, the sick man, could not possibly survive for 
another month; but who, as the physician was leaving 
the room, was heard to mutter to himself, '* Well ; at all 
events, the next number of *Pickwick' will be out in a 
fortnight"; and there is another not quite so well 
known anecdote, related many years since by a writer in 
Bifickwoody setting forth bow, when he, the writer in 
(juestion, was a schoolboy, there suddenly occurred to 
him, one Sunday in church and in the middle of a 
very dull sermon, the memory of an exceptionally 
comic episode in " Pickwick," that impelled him 
to burst out in a prolonged and uncontrollable burst 
of laughter ; which act of irreverent hilarity led to 
his being at once, and iguominiously, removed by the 
beadle — there were beadles in those days — from the 
sacred edifice. 

TO Tits UAWXtX'i oy t'if'KWiCK. 


Stmii'H iif lluH kind wi'rt- its |)1i*n|p!rti1 ivs bUc*kl>i;iTW 
ill tli« L'Hrlv »lly^<>f wluL i^rnp]..* UMi'd tij citl the " Bo:£u* 
ntaaia." I)o^ sind cjits n^ad to b^ imme;l "Sam" aad 
"Jingle" and * Mra, Hanlell " ami ' .lol> Tr^>tter.' A 
pwny cigar, prftsuimibly of Briti-sh m^ko, wa-i clirU- 
toned " TW Ticki-riclc." Guttor-blood piblishepa 
pimtdd tbe masterpiece of farcical fiction which wm 
u^Unxishing tiw Knirliftli-MneakiHg wuHd : iind wt? hud 
UiO "Prnny Piiikwict " «it(l th'^ *' P[)«lh(iitnjiiis Mt'Tiir>irs 
of tilt! I'ic-Nic CI lib " in weekly numbers. Even the 
more reaiwctabK* clu-ss ol cheap pcriodicaK "Olios," 
" l^terre*," " Mirrors/" nnd tho like, were not a^htmied 
to print extraot*, MimelitiK^s three or four pu^ot^ 
at a tiniL% from eiwh inoiithly p^irt pubUshed by Me^^ri;. 
CliapD);in and Hall. An tor oat&nUen — I mean my 
own fiijully ill King rtlu^et, St. JunieA s, where w«! lived 
on till? tlrst rtoin of n ImiiS"" right opp[>MU* tlit* thi'sitre, 
—my brother Albert, my lister Augustii. and myselE, 
were content in the course of a couple of years to got 
the " Pickwick Papers,' *' Nicholas Nicklcby." and 
" OlircT Twi»t" by heai-t- Then w* usod to "play 
at" Dicki-iiH. uud dramatise his nov4.d>4 on our own 
private aoeuutit. Many u> timt? hjive 1 eiiaet'ed Hi!i 
Site* and mnrdereil AViff/y^-othiTwi^it? my aislt^^r, in the 
back -bed room. Tht^ii wc ^ct to work copying ila well iw 
we coutd Gooi^c Cruikshank's illutitnUioiia to " Oliver." 
and Phiz's etchings to '^ Pickwick " und " Nicklcby"; 
and, imteKii I am mistaken, my lajnentod friend 
Bdinnnd Yutes; liad n little old Kcra|>book of min<i full 
of imiUtiotis in pen-and-ink of the etchings afor«- 
«aid. Across one of them, an exceptionally vile one 
■^biit this may not be in the book I gavn tMmunJ 
-*i» written in a lurgc bold hand, "Thiri is not by 
G. A- S." 

l^G writingi T uppiebond, was that of my eldest 
brother FnMl^riek, who was <?ipht yeara my senior- 
lie vtn^ix truly clevuryoun^ miui, and wil** i'xi:eptioniilly 



hvUYumi in loiil.lieiniiticK ; he dn?w hikI modelled ships 
adiiiii'nbly ; he waA a itkilled cliemiHt, umi \\'dA a ^reat 
fomhu-fls for grapliic iitiatomy. axid wotiU liavc achieved 
cmiuL'Lcc, I t*iko it, ritlior a8 n mutor, an engineer, or 
•d physician ; " iiwtvud <.'i wKi^li," 'an the learned Judge 
i^niArkod in the celetnLt^d duck^titealin^ caw>, my 
iiMttlKT ili'lmniiu-d timt hi^ ^hoiiUl \h* a professor ot 
music S*i ]»' v^3^yi rwivTvA »« H bWteiit at the 
Hnoyal Academy of Music in 'IWterden Wtrt^t, HaTufvir 
Hquare, the male pupiU of which e-'«til>li^linuiit woir. 
I think, it) [H:}S au ahKuri) kind of uiiiforra dimly 
resembling that of a midshipman in the Royal Navy; 
but on tha iinnu^il occasion of the Academy Itall — where 
Uiat ball now ? 0'i6o ! 1 am afraid that it i« n* di^funct 
Hans Bn'Hiuanii'ti " harty '' — u\y hniUier Frederick 
%a8 permitted ti> di>«|ioH him^^lf in bhe height of 
the raahion, as ftishion was unda'stcxKl in the M-ixind 
year of Her Majesty's reign, 

Fnshion aanctmiKNJ, in the ease of a younff gentle- 
man of seventeen, a maroau tail coat lined with 
white sWk, and with ^It buttons; a prodigious «hirt* 
frill, tiT jittat of BniJ^KjOi* la^-e ; a eriuiKOn vr*Ivtt waist- 
coat ; two ii]idi*r-wjii>ti:niitA — om? of green watered 
oilk and the other of wliito kerseymere — a high stoek 
t>r craiat of black satin with a double breast-pin Joinwl 
by n little clwiin of gold ; tightly fitting mouse-coloured 
panlaloone ivitli two rowM of little mother-of-pearl 
Duttons attbeankli's: i^peckk^d silk socks, and ^ramisbed 
puinp« with broad bows of black ribbon. Stay! "the 
costume yn'As completed," as Mr. G. P, H. .Tainew iised 
to say in hi> novel?s, by the young gentiernjin havi! 
hift hair curled. The hair of every one of us was 
^tTaight as $o niany pendent strands of whip-cord; 
and my sistiM'^ t»wn tre?isc)f, ultbon^h tiny earned 
down to her knee?;, were coal-black and totally inno- 
cent of a cnrl, and gave her. conjoined with her 
vlight vtaturv and dark cumplextun, tho Hemblatu!« 

iv> TifR nAwxryn nr rrrjcwrirK. 



of an Indian squaw. Yet on lii^h days unil lioH- 
d«ys, not only ilh* sriiirtn*!, l>iit wo yonnj^ttt^rs, ^ere 
plaot'il iiniltT tlir* tvin.- "f Nf, Tluwlore, tlit* n/ifft'ttr 
o( tlie Urgent s (^uaJr^int, who?iG i^kilful MMhisJ^mLx 
^nt (ifl oat into &t>ciety witli our normally stmiglit 
lock* cuHinjj like fliiblo c:*trkrtci\;w^. I can smL'll tlic 
hot ciirlini; ironn atul tlm frtint scent of the boars* 
^re«£e now. 

1 was dn^aJfully nfmid of my elder brotlier, wlio 
mix imi nitrrrini<-iitly Ji|H t*" " |Kl^s ilif timi- of 'l^fj " 
wilt: me in 11m* rwinu'r ^^ p-dpliiritlfy dchcribi'd to 
Itoj^er Af^cbam by Lady Jauc Ui'cy in nor account of 
Iter trfatmrnt by hor rprntions ; '' \oa, prosentlir, some- 
tymo* witii pinctiesT nippo-s bobbest and other waycfi 
which r will not mim<" for tlu* honour I bear tliem/" 1 
wiw, infV*^fl, nut vrry sorry wlit*n, aCtyr nbout eiyhtee 
months* studv in 'K-nterdeii Street, mv iddeat brother 
w;ifl Sfnt to Pari:i to be pkcf^d iindt^r tlit^ tuition of 
a i\\t!-ii fmiiou^ iuaoi.<^t niinicd KalkE;rcniK-r. I3nt cvrn 
under tlioso t:ircnni stances my muehdrcadtd elder 
kiniman vras only at the other onJ of u len;-tbening 
chain which ei'^ntually di"ow mo alon^ with it, across 
the Stniit* of Uovfr; since when I, niysiOf, was wt^nt 
to u pnMii: kcIiovI — it waH a day'^ehLud in Paris In 1830 
— I tvitmd myself an inmatf oT the same pfitnion in tho 
Hue do Conrcfilles in which my brother wa?) a free and 
indepcndirnt bonrder 

Froc anil indei^endent my hr<>th<»r Frelerick was 
iu mo^ sfmnee of tht^ term, iiio^mneh as lie hatd hiK 
own private sitting-room and bed-room, and could 
go ont wheiU'Vfr h** pleji>*ed ; althnu^h the pn^prirtor uf 
Uivt prntiori , M. llAion, whom vvc boys uin.^(l ihsre^jKHTt* 
fully to call le marc/iaad t/c j^otf/^e, would make some 
faint Jiwi'^rlion of antliority by inciting the eon/^ier^^, 
who wa* known an A't .Vfeft' TJfomm, not to respond 
to my brother's i^nmEHonK at the bell, when tie cum^ 
home At two in ths morning. I did not sch* innch 


of him during our stay under one roof. He was 
grown up and enjoying to the full all the pleasures 
of the Paris life of the period — and Paris in the 
eighth year of the reign of King Louis Philippe 
woS| perhaps, even a gayer city than it is under 
the present Beeond-rate music-hall and dancing- 
booth Republican reyme— and sometimes bo rarely 
did I see my relative that I was apt to im^ine 
that he had foi^otton the faet of my existence—not 
a very important faet, under any circumstances. 

At the same time I had my revenge for the " pinches, 
nippes, and bobbes " of the Lady Jane Grey order, I 
was not an exceptionally vindictive boy ; but most 
children have a liking for giving tit for tat, or a Goland 
for an Oliver, when they think that they have been 
unjustly treated. My vengeance took a very mild 
form. My brother Frederick, thanks to his own talent 
and industry, and the scientific and technical instruction 
so sedulously imparted to him by Kalkbrenner, had 
become a splendid pianist — so said our friend the 
illustrious Thalberg ; so said those wonderful mistresses 
of the pianoforte, Madame Pleyel, Madame Dulcken, 
and Mrs. Anderson. When he came back from Paris, 
he studied counterpoint and thoroughbass under Q. A, 
Macfarren ; but be had oue inveterate and incorrigible 
fault — his ear was not quite true. In Paris, apart from 
his lessons with Kalkbrenner, he would practice on an 
average nine hours a day; and over and over again 
on summer afternoons, while I was playing ball in 
the gravelled courtyard of the Pension H^non, and 
could hear through the open window my brother 
pounding away at some abstruse piece of music, it 
was jny fiendish delight to cry at the top of my voice, 
" Fals(j note, Fred ; false note !" I used to give him a 
wide berth when next I met him, in view of contingent 
"pinches, nippes, and bobbes." 




Uttvonli'* '■Rookwuod" Aitil "JiKTk Hu<ji|nFt|'' — K^rly Mliidii?* in 
Litenttmv— A Jvicv fruiii Lord Bnin^nL, 

I luvs told you that in King Strcwt, St^ JamoHS — 
SDiiliog victims of the dolii^htful contaRiott oE tlie 
Bo9EOfBania — we used to " pluy at Uicktn!*/* j^i^t him by 
h«*rt, uuil copy tlit' illustnitionH to Ui» boukM. Wtr iVu\ 
nior« than tnnt. We used to buy twojwnny Jhitcli 
dolls at a toynliop in a qiiet^r little alley* called, I 
ttiink. Crown Court, whicli nui IVoiii King Street into 
PftJl Mall: wliich puppets my sit*ttr nricd to dr^^as up 
to repreaeiit Mr. Pickwick, tin* Itt*v. Mr. Sti^inji, 
the elder Mr. Weller, Mr, Serjeunt Btizfu/., lUiJ sg 
oil. The oddest ef phh-es a;v* tluit Cmwn Cuiirt. 
AtiWugli I lmv«^ a c1jI> in ['jlII Mull, and altlupuglii 
when 1 am in tuwn< 1 often look in at the ^\ivp of 
my cigav nn?rchant, Mr, Henry WiUcm. opposite 
Slarlborou^h House, full !mlf a century has. 1 should 
say, clap»ed hiilol^ I have traver^d iho court in which 
is Httll, 1 suppuve, th<* ntagL^'door tA' the St, *U\nu'ii\ 
ITiff^tre-^-a iioor whit'h. in my i^urly boyhtHid, I niUMt 
b&re pas*w'd through hundreds upon hundiedA of times. 
VoisA old Cmwn Court 8iill huld it.^ own? Does 
it yrt hu-bour ftwcet-tttutV shoiw. where they uwd to 
vend tho hoiovod hurd-bLikc, iho j^necuh'tit ahnond-rock» 
the delightful aliycampane, the fasciuutiujj Bouapjir:e'« 
ribs, the exhilarating brandy-balls — bvrL<etnwut^, I fear, 
whivli would Ik* ciuisid<*n'd cttame in this reliued .\ge 
uf chiici>btie erc^uns and camdied violetfi? There wua 


months elapsed between the capture and the execution 
of the assassiTk ; but during the whole o{ that time 
London was convulsed by a Greenacre fever, the 
minutest details of the tragedy being discussed in the 
politest society. Of course, Mr. Catnach, of Seven 
Dials, speedily improved the opportunity, and commis- 
sioned one of his hack-poets to indite a doleful ditty 
describing all tbe circuTustances of the crime ; which 
effusion was sung» with the result of a rich harvest 
of coppers, in most of tbe London thoroughfares. 
I cannot find tliia tragic lay in Mr. John Ashton's 
"Modern Street Ballads/' but I remember the first 
stanza of the song, which ran : — 

*' Ob ! Jimmy Greenacre ! 
You shouldn't have dotie it, GreeiiAoiT ; 
You knocked her head in with a rolling-pin, 
You wicked Jimmy Gitfeiiflcrp.*' 

"With Greenacre was associated an accessory aftfir the 
fact: a woman named Sarah Gale; she was convicted 
and sentenced to transportation for life ; and nearly fifty 
years after she left her country for her country's good, 
I heard in Australia some curious particulars concern- 
ing this Sarah Gale — particulars which confirmed me 
in the impression which had long dwelt in my miod, 
that Greenacre never intended to kill Hannah Brown, 
but that in the heat of a quarrel he had dealt her 
with a rolling-pin, or some other non-lethal weapon, 
a blow which had caused her to stagger and fall 
with her head against the comer of a table; and that 
the fall was a fatal one. The man to all appearance 
waa a weak-kneed, faint-hearted, shambling creature^ 
against whom, touching his antecedents, it could only 
be proved that, as a grocer in a small way of business^ 
he had once been fined for adulterating his tea with 
chopped birch-brooms and sloe-leaves. His crime only 
recurs to me now for the reason that I am very much 
afraid that in King Street, St. James's, when we were 

XKwaATK yt>v^:rji axo a,s apolooy. 


of plnyiDg at Uickcna. we sIao plaj"f^<5 at Oreen* 

id 1 must 

■dlj accept tl; 


inreservcaij accei 
of liavjng tx)iLH trusted in cardboard a ncut modol of 
the *' Debtor's not»r/* Ntw^raU*. with tho gallows, 
ftjid n practic?i)ly workiii;^ drop; wlnlo, )iu<ip<oid*^d 
from tile crosH-beam, waa one of our twop»?t)iiy drills 
from Crown Court, [Irevfti**! as w^* imagined Mr_ Jamc-a 
Qm-nacrvf would bo ftttlned on thi: iiKiniu)^ of Uts 
being hangi^d. I littlt* knew that I vfas destint^d iu 
u professional capacity to nef some of my fellow- 
crcatur*^?* judieialJy strangled. 

I n>poat it wai :iii us^u when novid-nnuU^rs delij^lited 
in thi» reloni(jii9> Edwar-d Lytton Bulw^r biwl alroiidjr 
lltrillvd tlie public witli Ins tlirillinf; but dek^Lainus 
romance?!, *' Ijii^cnw Ariun" iind '* PituI OlilTuH." A 
writer in FrtiArr'n Mftt^nzhtt had endeavoured — but all 
in >iUD"to stem the tide i>f bad taste by publisbin^ir a 
burlesque romanco entitled " Eli/abetb de Brownrigge," 
of wbieh the heroine wart u uotmioiif* harridan of Ketter 
Lane» who, accanlintr to Canning in the Anii-JmiMn^ 
"whippi.'d two female 'prentices to death Jind hid Uu-m 
ill the eoal-tmle '' ; while Thm^keray, then an almost un- 
known writer, bantered the Old Hailey wdiool of fiction 
in ht» "ratlierine: a Story." thftt pubhsht'd undei the 
jMCudonyni of *' Ikcy Solomons, Junior ' — the real Ikt'y 
tiaviti^ been a uotoriouft receiver of stolen gcods, 
Catherine was the Chrintian name of one Mrs, Hayes, 
«ho, early in the reign of Oeori»e 1., <:rUL*lly nmriltred 
Inrr hnK^JFtnd under cIrcumstiiuLvs to i«>nn' extent eorn>* 
BDonding with those which attended the fllflughter of 
Hannah Brown by (}n^e»jieiv. In [larticnlar the 
mnrdereiia cut off her hii.*4baud':¥ head nnd concealed it 
in the dock before a lime-wall near the Horseferry, 
Westminster. The churchwardens of the parinh caudod 
tile ghHstly reKc of mortality to l)e washed aud tlie hmr 
to be comhrd; ^iid thr hrad \m\i^ ^«*t uji on a jMiIe iu 
thd ehurclijarJ of St. Mru-gajvl's, WeAlminster, in Ihc 


hopcjt oF itfc bcin^ identified. It aFt«rtfAn!« c&mc to 
ligbt that the acaimplices of Mrs. Ilujes — a cpiiaiti 
Billing^ and one Wood— dint ributed tbo trunk and 
liiubs of the murdered miui in divert sequestered spots 
rouiid London. 

Unluckily for bim^lf, the geniuA of WilliaiD Make- 
peace Tbaifkf^my, wb<v<4* inUOleet wuk uliviidy stntuniitecl 
witli tliL- litrrutiiru be;ini]g un tbe iiiiumcrs iLTid cuj^Iohik 
the early Ueoi^gian era, and wliixne powers of miuuto 
were Uogarttiiaii, brought about in bis 
m of lii» story a, coniiequenc^: wbicb he 
scarcely liave contemplated. lUe public *oon 


forgot that they were rrtwling a professed Gating on 
lUilwer'fl IsVwgute nov(?l« i ntid thoy found tht^mselves 
niMorbed in, and IWiiiated by. ft woivUrfiilly nMltKlu- 
fiction. ftlnioKt e(jiialliiig rieldings " JonKtfmn WiUl 
the (ireat/' 

A (jUL't-r kind of J^'cmo&w in cinuuctiim with this 
story was many years afterwards to doj; the bei^U of 
the famous novelist. In '* Fendennis " he nwt-% inno- 
cently, but most uiifortunati^y, nl1ndt*d incidentally to 
" Catherint' Hay^'s, Ihc' murderers," It hajjpcin d at tliat 

S^^M;i^^ [wriod that an Irish cajtitifiicr. Mis?* <.-atheriiie 
layL>, was enjoying well -deserved and widespread 
popularity i and the entire irisli nation were iiaturuUy 
pn>iicl ot their gifled younj^ eonntry woman, who, 
boides beincif an aecoinpliuhed artist, wa* a laily of 
the moHt blumeleMJ character. A howl of indij^iiation 
arose from the Hibernian press, which, by-the-w*iy, 
had nut furgnttcii 'rb;tc"ki"mv"ft '" \nA\ Skft*"b-Hookf 
and bis scjithiii^' satire in I'mwh, * Tlie Battle of 
Limerick." They wliolly i^iored Catherine Hayes 
the murderess, and thoy charged ''the i3i^ Blubber 
ilan "— as, with other abusive epithet*, they called 
Thaeki^ray — with wilfully and K'audalouvl)' libelling 
t!u' fair fame of Miss Catherine Hayes the vociili^t. 
Mr. Kdwar<l Lvtton Uulwer, however, afterwards 

\>:in;^T/; yoiv;M akd ax AfoLany. 


Uie first Earl ot Lyttou, was fjit^jd—aillioagh tUtf sbuftfl 
ot " Ikey Solomons, Junior/' and of tbo aiion^^mouu 
writt^r ill Frtmer uf " Eli/iilietii ilf Bnnviiri^gL%" AuIikI 
to pierce lii^ lit(T«rj corselet — to Iw iu-idr?n oo liiti own 
ground bjr Auolhm' writer of fiction very mucli hi;* 
inferior in gcniui*; but who wx^ nt^veHbtlc^^ <")jdowiHl 
vritli II coniiid«riiblc' uinount of rnolodraiuatio puwer» and 
wbo tad acquired u coufipicuous faoulty for dnunutic 
description. Tliis was young Mr William Hrtrri-M>ii 
Aiii»wurtb, who lin^t 4>«.«;a}ed felonious llction iu bis 
intvrvKtiiig Lut nrteqiiitt ronmnc'i-' " Roukivootl/' in 
wliicb one of tbe Wditig cluiraeters wax tlie iiotcriouHly 
ooarM* and Gra|iuloii> bi^liw<t.yiiiaii ^ud liorstt-l.bit.-f, Diok 
TurpiiL "Turpin a Hide to York/' ns n piece of word- 
pdintm;;, ha;* Wu rarely, if ever, surpaflscd iu tbe prone 
of the Viirtori;)n i*rx it is true tliat more tban once it 
lias been JilJegi^d tluit JIiuTison AiiiKWortli W£u; not tbL» 
wriU'r of thii^ sutonisbiiij^ tpii^ode ; but tb:it it wits i\iQ 
compoiiitiuii of biii friend Ur. William Magiiiii. As to 
the trutli or fai^ebood of Uun a11t*gati(iii I jiiu wbolly 
iucomj><'tt.*nt to pronounce', bat looking at Ainsworth 5 
^t^lking and powciJul piuturc5 uf tbc riague and the 
FJrc ill his'* Old yt. Paul's/' and tbo numerous Htudtca 
of Tudor life in bi» "Tower of London/' I slu-uld say 
that "Turpti/s Ilidti to York " wa^ a performauce alt4>- 
gHJier ttitbiu tbe compiLJi?* of bis capacity. 

In "Jack Sbeppiiid '* In- out-Ki-wgiiUd Bidwer'* 
Newgale t^pic.v Kvery ^tudL*lJt of ciiiTiiiisil aondK 
kuovr^ tbikt JoIlu Shcppard, footpiid and liouM-biL-dker, 
wiHi a vulgar, hquahd, iibteratcn drunken scuuip. wlioae 
only tuUnt wu^ out: for breaking out of g^(>l. AinAi- 
worth mAde litui u dai^hing young blood of illicitly 
uobK> <]i*<wnt, wbo diVKK'U bumptuoiisly and lived 
luxurk>ii>>]y ; but even bad tbe novelist refrained from 
oonveriing tbi^ ImiUidi gauUbird into a bero of romance, 
Wurr wa» quiU: 47iioui{b in tbe vigi>roiir^ dt^Hcriptioii of 
bu dwapcv trtmi Newgate, and the cxtraordiuurily able 

Bt SALSS LIFK ASi) Anvh:xTuiit-:s. 

illustrations thereof by George Cruikshankf to delight 
and enchant a public which had already been captivated 
by the murder and housebreaking scenes in '* Oliver 
Twist," and especially by George's etchings of the 
death of Sikes, and of Fagin in the condemned cell. 
Harrison AiDsworth, as is well known, assumed the 
editorship of Bentleys Mhcellany when the post was 
relinquished by Dickens, and "Jack Sheppard'' fol- 
lowed '* Oliver Twist/' 

And, now, in concluding that which may appear 
to you, patient readers, to be an intolerably lengthy 
and wholly irrelevant digression, but which is in r^ity 
a kind of feeble Apology for my Life, I must recall that 
scrap ia Italian from tlie " Life of Rienzi " : " From hia 
youth he was nourished with the milk of eloquence; a 
good grammarian, a better rhetorician, well-versed in 
the writings of authors/' I have already said that from 
the beginning of my being conscious of the possession of 
any intellectual faculties, I strove t« read the very best 
writers whose works were accessible to me ; and I was 
aided by my mother, who made me read Rollin's 
"Ancient History" and Volney's "Ruins of Empires"; 
while our intimate and affectionate friend Mark Beres- 
ford Whyte, barrister-at-law, whom we first knew in 
1838, lent me Guizot's "Lectures on Civilisation" in 
French, and gave me Charles Lamb's " Essays of Elia" 
and Hazlitt's " Table Talk." With regard to rhetoric, 
I never had a formal lesson on elocution in my life j 
but when I was between twenty and thirty. Lord 
Brougham gave me mmi voce some inestimably valuable 
instruction in the art of public speaking ; and he was 
led to do so through his having heard me make a 
speech at a meeting of a Mechanics' Institute at 
Huddersfield in Yorkshire. I preserve a newspaper 
report of that speech. It turned up the other day in 
a folio volume of old journalistic cuttings ; and I read 
it with horror, but without shame. It was full of 

XKimATK YrtPPf,,* J,VJJ vl.V APOLOGY. ftS 

Uutology and of lonjf-tailed words, and fundaTm^rlaUy 
was, I daiVHJiv. n^ouiid ;tnij iury, Nignifying notliiiig; 
but sti)]» rliotoricallj, it vnkn it «prec1i which could be 
puDct iiatt'd, and iti which the noniinative geiit^mlly 
found the accusative c;l>^ ; ami that it was a. speech 
imd not A mere inconj^cquoiitml babbling, was really 
doe to the oircum^tancff ihnt. from my earliest child- 
hood, my mother always insisted tbat I ^houhl express 
mjstirwitb clcani*^ and prwiiaion, and always sternly 
reproved me if in convtrs^flioTi 1 did riot <'inpIoy 
ilu- diettiiij which she taiigbt me to i]>e in writitig- 
I woi^ not by any mean?i a HententiotiA or pi^a^iuatical 
child; but 1 (.ould talk ]>I;iiiily and to the purpo»c\ 
in thrc« languii^cs. before ever 1 went to school i and 
this babit of plain ^peakiau: ^ot nxf often into diro 
trouble with my ]>aiv»t, who, although sh<^ dc'onn^d 
it nect^^BBrVp from a liU-mry point of view, that »mall 
boys should eipress the|]kselve» wit!i lucidity, was 
initnrallv dt-npcrab-ly uii^'ry when ^hi? fuiiiid that 
she had l]ncoa9ciou^Iy cultivaUd tli<: embryo of a 
logical faculty in the urchin who as yet had never 
set cyea on the work* of Dr, Isaac Wattw or Arch- 
bishop Whatoly^ and wa* triveu on most occft5*ion« to 
iLTf^in^ the point witH a lady who would uot i^cldom 
reient thu freedom taken with her by counter Hrguml^Ql 
of n naluHf very iu<:u[iveuieut and soiuetiiiK*^ dolorous 
to »ni«ll boy». 




Kir MLthae] CuBbt: Auiiljiuse bfhmd Ihc Lurlnin — A Theory id iht" Otigin ol 
■'Groen-RAom".-Edniimd Y.-itri hdiI hia Mother— Gilbert a BwEelt— 
"Stock Aulhoifl": Pin nLhe^ Wi Ilium Bruugh, ni«xi Huutitaull— Mr, and 
Mra. S. C, lluU — Jlias Alison— Tho Lore f'Atfif Kltho HHymmkot — DonieAtk 
Service Fifty Ymifl A^^o— A Gencroiie rhysician.— lly Mother^ niiii?5s nnd 
B«tLf;fit rtrformanee. 

I WAS familiar in days gone by with a good many 
theatrical green-rooms. I have liad the entree in my 
time to ihe/oyers of old Covent Garden, of Drury Lane, 
and o£ the Haymarket. Of the green-room of Her 
Majesty's Theatre, the site ot which disestablished 
temple of the lyric drama is now as desolate as the 
walls of Balclutha. I have no definite remembrance. 
There must have been some kind of green-room for 
the corps dc hailet, and perhaps another for the 
ladies and gentlemen of the chorus ; but the leading 
vocal artistes^ both male and female, were, I am of 
opinion, in the liabit» at the close of each act. of re- 
tiring to their dressing-rooms. I well remember that 
Sir Michael Costa, during his conductorship at Her 
Majesty's, used, when the curtain fell, to seat him- 
Belf in a large fanieml in the centre of the stage 
close to the curtain ; where, for ten minutes or so, he 
would hold a kind uf lecee^ bestowing judicious pmise 
on the contraltos and the sopranos, the tenors, the 
baritones, and the bassos for their exertions during 
the performance. The praise was valuable. It is not 
only befoi-e but behind the curtain that true dramatic 
and lyric artists require applause. It is as the air 
they breathe. If they have it not, they die. With 
the ballet and the shining lights thereof. Sir Michael 

TX rut: dHRES nooM. 


Coslifc h»il nothing to iUt- Hiw funrtionH ci^iiAKl with 
the Bnalc of the opera ; nnd tlii; chorcgrapliic iiii)»ir 
was under tho control cf the lender of the orchcKtra, 
u.tua11y the firttt violin, who, in my time, wan Fnin^oiH 

The yrwn -rooms, howt'vpr. which I most hpectally 
rem*?niber were those of thni St. Jiunes's awl of tlie 
old ^^nl■(^^^'[*; miw! prrhupji yon will parih>ii nir* if^ 
before I DarTctte my rxpcriciiccs ot the apartiurMits to 
which ActoTT* and actreflaeii oacd to rcpmr during the 
intervalH of their parts in the pUy. I v<'nture upon ii 
brief digression as to whiit tin' won! jjn^^n pootn seems 
to mean. If wo pusKosned a. work of so i^aphic mid 
exhaustive » nuture as M. Arllmr PoTiyin's " Dictiou- 
naire du Tht^i^tre" wi> nlioiiKl hr- at no Iiish hi find 
the derivrttinn of green-njoin ; liot it rrniitiiiH For Mr- 
W, Moy Thomas, or Mr. Olomcnt iicott, or Mr- 
WiUiam Archer to cornpilt? a Dictionary ot the 
iingli»h Theatri*, Knglish Ioxicoi^raph<*r*^who are^ 
u a nile, d«M-wittL»d jwdants, j^n^nUly <?x-*chooIinii*- 
ten, and who rarely possess niLy knowledge of the 
world^Hrhitrarily tell ua that gi-een-rooms are so 
c&Ited from having Ijcen originally paintt-d or 
decorated with s^cen. I can find no more substitntiul 
authority for this stntomrnt than Theodore Hooks 
wcll'fcnown [fhctch of tho first green room that 
be wax over privilopfod to enter. It waa literally a 
•'([twn"-room, ifito whitU lis^ht was sidmiited by nlhin^ 
ltk< n cucumbL'r-fnmie at oni^ und of it; "It was 
Dittlte<l, and round the walls mu a henrh (-ovTred with 
fadrd f?n*en j<tiiff, whr»n'Upf>n thr tlrat'iaitjt prnvittr 
dci>o>0ited thtmsclvea until called to go on the stage ; 
a I'Kikiug'glaFis under the »kyli^ht and a large bottle 
water and a tumbler on the chimney-piece, completed 
furniture of this cJai^sic »|Htrtment. ' 
Thfa is an undeniably graphic portrayal ; yet I 
have known green-rooma the walls of which were 


decorated in white and gold, and which were upholstered 
in crimson or in blue. I have my own theory as to 
the origin of the term, and although I am aware that 
stem Professor Skeat has laid down the canon that 
surmises are not permissible in philology, I am bold 
enough to express my conviction that the dramatic 
retiring-room got its name from the circumstance that 
in the old days of the " legitimate drama " when, during 
the performance of a tragedy, the stage was always laid 
with a dark green cloth or carpet, this cloth, when 
plays, other than tragic, were being acted, used for 
convenience sake to be rolled up, set on end, and 
kept in the fo^er, where it was easily accessible and 
was not in the way of the ?iceue- shifters and the 

Touching the green cloth itself, I have another 
theory which I commend to the attention of the 
coming compiler of ** A Dictionary of the English 
Theatre/' From the Restoration until the beginning 
of the reign of George IIL, and possibly a little later, 
it was the custom of the nobility and gentry to make 
gifts of their cast-off *' birth-night " dresses or Court 
suits to actors who had been fortunate enough to 
gain their favour; and the tragedian who played 
Hamlet in a full-bottomed periwig, a coat of cut 
velvet, a brocaded waistcoat, and crimson-satin smalls, 
or he who eoacted Macbeth in the full uniform of 
a captain in the Guards, did not care about spoiling 
the fine clothes with which his noble patron had 
presented him by falling on the bare and dusty boards ; 
but preferred to give up the ghost decorously on a fair 
expanse of green cloth. 

I very rarely go behind the scenes nowadays, and, 
indeed, I have almost lost my way through the stage- 
door; but I am told that green-rooms are not what 
they used to be, and that in some theatres the apart- 
ments where comedians, critics, and patrician patrons 

/*V rWi>" iJitHti^'itOOM. 


of tli^ drama onc^e for^^atliored liav« Wen couv^rtcd, 
ptuclLcall^' .-ipfjiking* into annexes to the proiTerty-rooiii. 
Tilings were very different id l^^b-O at the bt. Jamei^'ef 
a>id the Hayiiiurkct. I^'t mo oni.leavoiir to recall ri 
few of the trequeiiti]»rTi o[ the tirst-iwnied /*yiT My 
deceased frieod Mr. Edmund Y^tes. in \\i^ graphic and 
kindly '* Kis!iillL-clioiiM iiiul Experience*/' sjiejikrt of 
IxL-iniT |jn.*fiit lit i\ iicrfi>]'ninnc(* \^\^ nrivat.t^ 1ni.<jitriC-iU» 

\^ pn.*fiit lit i\ iicrfin'ninnc** %>\^ privat.t^ 
At Charles DickcnfiH London resuiencp, Tuvistock 
Houae, some timt* in the 'fifties. He WiLs nceompauied 
by btj^ iuothi-i\ the widow of th** li^sftoe and manager of 
the old Adi-Ipiti 'Unvitro, Frt^derick Yate?*, whom 1 hud 
seen in tht* piirt of Faghi in 0/fvcr Twint Ijitc in the 
'thirti^^s, and who hud been, herself, an Jictress of 
briiliiiiit, L-ilr-iit.. t'^jHHiially di.sMn^tiiNlit-d an Die bi^Joim* 
in the dnitmi of /Vr/oW^r; «;% l*U Sirrp On It. At thi' 
Tavistock lloiuw private tlieatriculs Kdmnnd's parent 
wan Hcalcd next a tall, grey-hairetl gtnUeman, a vory 
ple;i8iint taiki^i', who )>roved to he Mr, (Silbtrt a Eicckitt, 
tbv inagiittrat*' and wit. There wxi* a iew more uurvory 
alloaion^i to Gilbert h Bi.<(*keM in iny hniiontei.! friends 
plnu^nt pact's : but it does not appear that he enjoyed 
tbt- personiiJ ucqnaiiitance of an exce)>ti anally ^iiVd ami 
amiabk man, a ivady und vcr-satik* ^vritcr, and a moH 
iutelli^nt pobijc moiri^trati-. 

It wa*i my lot to be acquainted with Mr, k Ifecki^tt 
in iny very early boyh<x»d ; x\i\A I rau>t fiist ^peak of 
liiiii aH an knlnfu^ of the 8t- James k grLH^n-rooiu. 
When I flrHt kni^^w him ne itrk intimate friend of rny 
mothfrr, he could scarcely, I should say, havi; attjiiiied 
tbc age of thirty. He was tfu' son of a highly 
re* pt*^' table solicitor in Ciolden Si^uure; but whether ho 
wiu( u dcHvnJunt of the JSaracen maid ;uid the inercbant 
on wbo^o romantic nnion the ]*Iot of the "Loving 
Ballud of Lord Jtateman " vra^i to all appearance 
founded, I am not prejNin.'d U> Kay. AUhuugb ho 
WHh tt conatiint Niy«r of good thiugn, I never met 


BO nervously sby a wit as he waa ; but ot the spon- 
taneity o£ that wit I think that I can give a tolerably 
BuSiciTig illustration in the anecdote that, having once 
to reprove a rather prodigal young kinsman of whom, 
nevertheleas> be was very fond, he told him that *' he 
was going to the dogs, and that the best thing he could 
do would be to go thither and come back as soon as ever 
he could." The mo/, to my mind, is as crisp as any- 
thing that Douglas Jerrold ever said. 

I have an idea that a Beckett was what in the 
theatrical parlance of the time was termed " stock- 
author" at the St. Jaraess — tliat is to say, he wrote 
extravaganzas, and occasionally farces and short dramas, 
tor a stipulated weekly salary. Planch^ was in like 
manner *' stock -author" at several London theatres; 
notably at the old Olympic under the Vestria manage- 
ment, and at Covent Garden under the sceptre of 
Vestris and Charles Mathews. For his subsequent 
Lyceum extravaganzas, written for Vestria and 
Mathews, he was, I should say, paid literally '* by 
the piece"; but there was a stock-author for farces at 
the last-named house in the person of the late William 
B rough — the brother of Robert B, B rough — poet, 
dramatist, and wit, and uncle of that deservedly 
popular actress, Miss Fanny Brougb. One of the last 
stock^autbors of any note that I can remember in 
a iirst'i-ate London theatre was Dion Boucicault, who 
served Charles Kean at the Princess's in 1S50-1, and 
who, while be was taking a weekly salary, wrote or 
adapted for the stage, among other pieces, Louis X/., 
Ita Dame de St. Tropez, TIte Fampirc^ and The Cor»ican 
Brothers. I should say that in the end the iron 
of stock -authorship — the meagre weekly salary and 
the deprivation of authorial rights — entered into Diotf 
Boucieault's soul ; since he was destined to bring 
about a tremendous revolution in the system of re- 
munerating dramatists; and our leading playwrights 



novtMluy^ Likvo ample reA«oii Xo bo graUful to tlio 
astuto author of 2'^p Co!Uen B/jwji, wlio insisted that 
minaj^cni kSiouIJ pay tbeir authors a large percentas** 
on tUo daily r**i;i*i|itsi o£ tlit* housiv I hop** that Mr, 
G. It. Sims tnaki.'3 aiJt iinich iw £h\(I(IO hy a nnurdj' or n 
lehKlrama. For au^ht I know Iil» may make a grpat 
iiim-e ; liat of tliit* I am confident: that fivr'-and* 
thirty years E^;o, and witb a!l tho popularity he j«i*tly 
possosses, he would not have eunied n^ much w^^ £500 
&y the very finest piece produced by his facile and 
Kparklin^ pen, 

I (ihitll have a ^»<ul dcjil inure to s;ij about Oillwrt 
Ahlmt a Reckeit in the course of tln'sc pJiye-^: hut I 
may jn^t mention here tliat he was called to th<? Har, at 
ivUicb, I Hiink> lie rarely practis^ed ; and that after 
a lonif and brilliant career aj* a contributor uf Punch, 
and OA a lcftd«n*-writt*r to tho I'Fwff^, ho wa» appointed one 
of the stipendiary polic^e ma^Lstrates for the nit*trr»polij;. 
Ho diod, much too Hoon for fi-f^'ndshi|), in l>srjfS, All 

ioathful »s be vffis^ wlu-n I Jtr^t knew him, he bad 
ad considerable joumalijstic and theatiical experience, 
and bad Iieen for a »hort time le^nei* of th^ b^t/roy 
Theatre (ufterwurdct the (^aeen 0, and then the i'nnca of 
Wales s), which, for more' than n generation, Wiw ono of 
tbo unluckieiit playbousen in Londim ; but which wivi 
fat^d to haw a career of ahna^^t unr^xsmpled prosperity 
aod ceb.*hrity under tho manu^emeut of Mr -awA Mra. 

At the age of thns* m four and twenty^ 
a Beckett had iR^en proprietor und editor of a largo 
nambcr of short-lived periodicals, among which 1 mny 
cite 3^e Terrific Fenn^ Maf/ns»iif, 7/4^ G/mi, The 
i^rrr, T&c Gai/i^ry of Ilorforft, Th^ Fif/aro Mou/^iff, and 
Tkf flfiiro Cari*tifirf GafU'r^ ; whth% in a co-purtaer- 
■hip with Mr Tbomas Littleton Holt, a geDtlrnnin 
whom I shall have freijuently to mention later on, 
ho had Monght the favour <£ the reading public with 


Figaro in London, The ff^a^, Dibdin's Penny Trumjiel, 
'The Evangdical Penny Magazine^ Poor Richard's 
Journal^ and The Thief — the last an imitation of the 
Paris Volenr, and all of them clever and short-lived 
periodicals. There was a flux ot cheap and ephemeral 
penny weeklies even in those far-off days, when there 
was a heavy paper duty, and a tax of no less than 
eighteenpence on every newspaper advertisement ^ and 
among the st^irters and editors of the usually disastrous 
little venturetj, the most persistent and the most prolific 
were Gilbert a Beckettj three out of the seven Brothers 
Mayhew^ and Thomas Littleton Holt. 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Carter Hall were also constant 
visitors to the St. James's green-room. Mrs. S. C. 
Hall I never knew intimately; but 1 was on the 
friendliest terras with her husband almost down to 
the time of his death, in 1889, at the great ^e 
of 88. "When I first knew him, in 1838, he had 
been sub-editor of the Britannia^ editor of the New 
Monthly Mayazine, and was just about to establish 
the Art Union Journal, the parent of the existing Art 
Journal. The last time I saw " Sam '' Hall was in 
1878, at the funeral of dear old George Cruikshank, 
at which the late Lord Houghton, General McMurdo, 
S, C. Hall, and the present writer were the pall- 
bearers ; but I frequently corresponded with him in 
the late evening of his years. 

There was produced at the St. James's, in Braham's 
time, a drama called The Fi'ench Eefu^ee^ in which I 
think my mother played; but I specially remember 
that the part of the inyinue was enacted by a singu- 
larly beautiful girl named Alison. She afterwards 
acquired considerable celebrity as an actress. ^She 
married a Captain Seymour j and many years afterwards 
I met her at dinner at the house of my dear old friend 
Charles Eeade, novelist and dramatist, at Knights- 
bridge. I attended her funeral at WiUesdeu. 


Alfrwl Wigan t liav& rt-Iready mentionpfl, not a* 
A frequenter of the gre^n-roorn, biit as an actor. Old 
Mr, John Parry, aUo. futli<"T of John I'lirry, juinor. and 
who wa« himself soinuwlmt notcil us u writtT on Wolflli 
mugic, wag frequently to be seen in the St- James's 

feea-room. So was a Mr. Barbani Livma, of whQ>m 
rvriL<!]nlM''r Jittlf iM-yonl \\\a iji-rfninly pmiliar nam*-, 
an<l tlu- fact that he Imil u heiid clostrly rt'Ttemhliiig 
tliat of S^itnut-I Ito^rs, poet and banker — that is to .say, 
a death's head. There was likewise a Sir Kortunatus 
Dvrarrift; and another g(nt!*'mnn of chivalnc rank, of 
whom tho rumour ran that be had boL^ii knig;ht«^d by 
William IV. in mistnke for Bomebody ehe> 

So rouch ior the St, James's ^reen-room. Of 
thai at the Hayniarkt'l, thrti inulrr the tnanagi^- 
mcnt of Mr IJmjaniin WrhsU'r. I have not, as 
regurdn the period in question, much to say, Wh^n 
Braham went to j)tec;en, my tnothi^r accepted an 
eogtffement for u "^Ijort time at the Haymarkt^t; bnt 
ihn had no kind of chance of ubtaiiiiiij^ apprt^Lation 
for hvr talents at the ''Little ThGatre"; inasmuch iw 
Sheridan KnowWs troinfdy uf thr» Litrf Chaste was 
ID tho full t,id(? of it« splrtidid ^uc(X'!*^ ; niul thr most 
that my pircab could hope for waji to be '*undei^ 
•lady " to that admirable com^dtenrif Mrs. GlovcF. 
who plaved the Widow ilreou in Sheridan Knowles'a 
riay. 'i'ho ciwt vsm i\ sumptuous one. The «lder 
Fimeii was Sir William Fcndlove. Webster wsi« Wild- 
mke, and Mre. NUbett, Constance- The lovers' 

?|uarrel betwem the last-nainKl iHJiiplt^ 7 hhall inj^-er 
orget : and thr hr^iisr x\mh\ to bui>t \\\Ut -x riipture 
^f applause when Constance, exaaperated by Wild- 
rakc's panegyrics of an iraaginary mintrees, exclatms :— 

C«AaAi#K«— '- Wh«i vou jjot thiic* your ^nxn*. of fflwn at school. 
Anil ypt fiol hnlf y«ir dut," 


M; mother's eagagemeiii came to an abrupt and 
sad terminatioD by her falling sick of the small-pox; 
and months passed before she was quite conval- 
escent. We children were sent away with our nurse, 
Mrs. Esner, and my mother s maid Mary Anne, first to 
a hou^ on Richmond Green ; next to one on Clapham 
Common, and ultimately to board and lodge with a 
Mrs. Chesterton in Duchess Street, Portland Place- I 
just mentioa the names of the faithful servitors to 
whose custody we were consigned, with the object of 
briefly drawing attention to the extraordinary change 
which has taken place in the conditions of domestic 
service within the last half century, I think Nurse 
Esnerwas with us full ten years, and Mary Anne Mem- 
man was the youngest of three sisters — Letitia and 
Emma were the other two — who had been successively 
in my mother's service and only left that service to be 
married to well-to-do tradesmen. The three sisters 
were the daughters of a respectable butcher and farmer 
in Leicestershire ; they saw no degradation in domeatic 
servitude, and did their work cheerfully, lovingly, and 
faithfully, for wages which a modern parlour-maid 
would laugh to scorn. Letitia, the eldest of the three, 
must have left us about 1835. My mother dying at 
Brighton in I860, I brought her remains to Londoii, 
to lay them by the side of my brother Charles and my 
sister Augusta at Kensal Green Cemetery ; and when 
the funeral was over, I found, weeping behind a tomb- 
stone, our old, old servant Letitia Merriman. 

My mother was attended during her sore sickness 
by Sir James Clark, one of the Queen's physicians ; by 
Mr. Stone, a well-known practitioner of the time — but I 
do not remember wliether he was a physician or a 
surgeon — and by the two Guthries, father and son, who 
had looked after my miserable eyes in my early child- 
hood. The attack of small-pox, unusually violent in 
its character, had temporarily deprived my mother of 

nv THs anKKHitooM. 




her sipht ; but sh<r graJiially recuvvRnl ln-r visvtii, »iul 
Alit- haH tjfu-u luUl me tliLit Iut firhl i.Toithciuii>nL*ss of 
ap|>r<Kic)Miig eon valc*sc(' lice wa.i wbcu old 31r, OiitLrie, 
one ntornin^. CAiise<] i\ Uk'V'iw^-^Va^h lo be i*laci'*l ou tin* 

bed and bade lier to look at licr^iclf t*> ^^t-L* liow "' A il 

u;*ly " stlitf wa^. He Wii« a mof^t huiimn*^', coTnpuH^ionate, 
and pcnerotw siir^'i^oii ; lie uovcr took one |)OMiiy fee 
from ufi: but Ijp ivas ii bniw[uo, %hort-U'iii]H'red gi^iitlu* 
man, and be swore fi'eely, 

"Wiw*!! t\i\\it' n'sUiivd ii> Itealtb, wbicli was, I think, 
about the end of Miiy» \^^*^, my ii>i>thrr, whoj^o tiaaiices 
bad been terribly ducrg^nscd from her long illnecs. 
t<Kik a benetit at the Haymarkct Thcatro. The princi- 
pal utlraction of tlip evening wti^ Vanbrii^^li't^ comedy 
of 7%e Prcvoked Umhand — Ijoi^ Townk-y b(^iu^ playe<l 
by William Cbsn-les Miicro«dy ; wliiie Lady 'iVwiiU-y 
was acted by Mw^ Tavlor, ufli^rwaids Mrs. Walter 
Lncy. IHir rnU'i'iiLiiiineut coiidtided witli a f;iir^* in 
vrbicb the inimitcible Innh c*>mixnaii. TjroiK' l*owcr, 
took port. All these good and true artists gave lUcir 
rieew gratuitously; and in the course of the evening 
KOmu iuMtru mcrutal niu><io wa-< performed which wa» 
eomfH.iKed by HJt-H tJK' Prince Consort, Hi^r 
Majesty the Queen bonoun-d my parent with her 
^inouK jmtirjiiag*'; and hhe was also i^upporleil by 
four <.t>ii«taiit and gtMierou-n patniur^scn, who had knowu 
her and befriended her fjver since htr days of early 
widowhood- the Uuchcss cf Sutherland, the l>uche«8 
of Norfolk, tlie Marchiones*j of Wefitminster, nnd the 
Counttf«: Stanhopi*, 

I^t me succinctly ri>L<aU our funeral i«tato and 

t»rosp«Gts in the summer of IS.iO. My eld<.-Mt bixither 
''n^l^Tick vraa, vi» I bavi- ahvady mentiuned, in Puris, 
utadrin^ the pianoforte under Kalkbrcnner ; my second 
brother. Charles Kerrison. the Ro'^son of the jjrallAut 
Oenemb Sir J-^wanl KerrUon, had bnen e<Uicated at 
the Blue Coat Se)K»ol, wherv he ros..- to bo "Oreat 


Gmsmus " and Deputy Grecian. He was a ripe LatiD, 
Qreek, aod Hebrew scholar, un admirable penman^ a 
skilled elocutioniBt j and he had more learning and more 
humour in his little finger than I ever liad in my 
whole right hand. He would have made a figure in 
the Church, or at the Bar, or in the Indian CiTtl 
Service; but for some reason, inscrutable to me, ray 
mother removed him from Christ's Hospital, just as he 
was about to be nominated Grecian ; and consequently 
he never proceeded to the University. He proceeded 
instead to a desk in the offices of the Edinburgh Life 
Assurance Company, and a year or two later, through 
the influence of Mr. Somers Cocks, he obtained 8 
Government clerkship in the Tithes Commissioners 
OflScei Somerset Place, Somerset House, the head of 
his department being Colonel Dickson of the Soyal 
Engineers, a gentleman wbo» not only then, but for 
years afterwards, treated him with unvarying kindness. 
My sister Augusta, who was now fifteen yeare of age, 
although^ poor little soul ! she did not look more than 
twelve, was sent, when my mother got well, as a day- 
boarder to an excellent school in Golden Square, con- 
ducted by a Mrs. Johnson. This lady's husband kept 
a hatter's shop at the comer of Begent Street and Vigo 
Street ; but it was deemed a terrible breach of etiquette 
among Mrs. Johnson's young lady-pupils to speak of 
the emporium at the corner of Vigo Street as a shop — 
they always called it "the warehoase." As for my 
brother Albert, who was two years my senior, and who 
was not a very bright boy, he was sent, first to a 
middle-class school in Bedfordshire, and afterwards to 
one at Clapham, where he had for a schoolfellow Mr. 
Francis Kavenscroft, the present manager, I apprehend, 
of the Birkbeck Bank. 1 mention this little circum- 
stance for the reason that> in the course of every year 
I receive large numbers of letters from elderly gentle- 
men, who claim me as their former schoolfellow^ then 


agaiD, I am not unfrequently reminded by elderly 
correspondents that I am an ''Old Blue," and am 
aaked whether I remember the Public Suppers— at 
which, by the way, my mother used sometimes to sing 
— the Easter excursions to the Mansion House, the 
rigid diseipliue maintained by Mr. Huggins, the 
steward, and the goodness of heart of Dr» Eice, the 




IxAnihi^: Mi'loilirB \»v Kjh' -Uitin iind Irrt'dt— Minor AwompliiihiDenlB — 
Itiiliarity uf En^lisli S.Lihtb'— Ttu' tV'ur uf tb^- lio-l— Xiffftt tU J^h^imtr 

I WAS eleveQ years old wlieii my mother recovered 
from lier illness, nnd 1 Iiiid never been to school. Stay 
— T think that in my very early childhood I was sent 
for a few weeks to a day-school kept by a widow lady 
named Scott — a comiection, unless I am mistaken, of 
the well-known artist Scott, of Brighton. My remem- 
brance, however, of this scholastic establishment doea 
not extend beyond a liazy impression, but I spent a 
good deal of my time in the delicious society of a 
lai^e paper bag full of those delectable sweetmeats 
known as brandy-balls ; which made me very 
happy I and, as regards my fingers and my face, 
exceedingly sticky. But I should say that my very 
brief sojourn at Mrs. Scott's daj'-scliool was just 
before I went blind, and that it was thought more 
pmdent that I should devote my attention to lollipops 
than to learning. 

I i-epeat that in the thinl year of the Queens 
reign 1 was eleven years old; and I can say with the 
honest consciousness that no human being — not even 
my bitterest enemy — could ever accuse me of conceit 
that 1 was a clever boy, I had not a particle, it is true, 
of imagination, and never had. My parent had un- 
wisely refused to allow me to be taught a single note 
of music; but I had learned by ear nearly every one 
of the melodies in the Italian, French, and English 
operas of the period, and nearly all the songs that were 


thou favourites in fn^hionable society: and at prefleati- 
altboogli my voice iu crocked, aud tny iutoiiation' 
imp^rfoei, I can lium all the- timc^ wlitcli I heurd in 
childhood ftii<l in boyhood. My d*-"!ir brother Cliarlee, 
fre*h from the Blue Ccat SlOiooI, hiid well grounded ine 
ill Ijutlii nud in Gtvc<k- I nevt^r berjiiiit; a vrry L^ood 
Latin scliolnr. hut thosi? who Mtrn>iiiiil mi* und sol^e 
me iu my old age have got all my juvenile Greek 
exercise and copy-book^, and could it^ftiii'y^ were it 
Otfccssary, Umt no night pa^sot* now without my doing 
my Grot'k "ruhhor up i>f nu^niory " in ohanictt-rs a 
Wttie more crabbed than of yore, but sUU minute and 
legible. I'^i^lii yeiirw a^o T came lioiut* fn«n India 
ill a P. & C). uii hi>»rd whicli tht- liiUt Sir Willijiin 
Oregory, sometime Governor of Ceylon, was also a 
paMenger. I naticpd that he used to watch nio grinding 
away at the nioht fascmutiitg of all langiia<^r>H iu the 
saloon in tho evening; and ut l^>n^tli he »aid to mc, 
" That whioli yon do nfii^r dinner I do Ix^fort* breakfuRt. 
I alwavii have an hour's Homer in the morning/' And 
8ir Wdltani Orey^^y "^^* then sixty-eight yi?arw of aj^'p. 
At elfr-Tpn I Cduld sprak hVriirh nn^raiiitn^Hcally hut 
Huently, ftnd I can tay the mniv m regards ItahniL 
1 could draw tx-tti^r than boys of eleven can ^<^nerally 
tlAQdlo the pen<iiU and 1 ^vaf*— to canolude — for my 
a very well-nwl boy, espi^cially oonv^^rstint with 
__. y, with biography, and with geogrupity and books 
of travel. 

But r had nt^ver been tn nchool, nor even received 
any tesflonsfrom a prote^siunuL tutor My only in?4trnc- 
torn had been my i^isier Augusta and my bmtlier 
CbariM, who, when l^^:Jll came, had i}o longer the 
l«ijqaro to teach me. I longed, I yearned, I panted 
to go to school; to Ix^ tinder the authority and ti> 
lit^n to the coutiiielM of some wise und lejirned man. 
I WiW an affectionnte boy ; ] loved my jiarent with my 
heart and soul ; but I cliafed at a petturoat government, 


RAWP hfFR Asn AnvKxrrtinf:. 

I liiul an U]i**sisv Af'iii^itioit tliat 1 aa** not undeisUh^J, 
tlmt. I vfiw often reimked without cHimc, m\d \>mUeA 
when I liu'.l nut de^^rvod commt-ndation. My mother 
hcaitatcd to 6<*tid flic tc school for a reason which 1 
am half ashami'd to give* but whioh I mu^it noeds 
explain, hecauii«> I wifth in this book to he ns candid ujh 
e\er I nm. 

The di^^cLpliTK' sit English schools at thiti |>eriod was 
perhajiK not ao utti-rly Sarbaroui^ ak it nati w the daj> 
wlirn it iiM'd to be said huinoroiwly of Or. I'arr 
*■ that he kept n private Mlnaghtcr-house nt Alton, 
aa he had kp|)t slaiitrhter^liousoa before at Stanmore. 
ftt Cnlohiflter, and at Norwich"; but that diAci|iIine 
wa« t^till to a great extent f4.TO(r[ou«, 1 was oaf^r (o 
ao to Kch<»>!, Imt I Hhiiihh-n'rl ut tlie idt^it of being 
heateii. My in(»thrr, Ihr kiiidot, the bent, and the 
mof^t devoted of [micnt^i, VkH^ Atlll tlii^ daii^ht^r of a 
fituve-owiier, aintl had inherited not a little of tlic sluve* 
ownor's approval of tlic lash. To her other children 
she woft a tevt-re mother i to me. j^he was generally 
miid ; probably beeause I was the yonngeit of her 
uliihlnii, und next lit'caiH** in my K*nr\y yean; 1 was 
a misrrjdjlc litth^ iiiviiHd. I ilo not rLnncniber that 
between the ages o£ five and ten I was corpoi^lly 
punished more than tire times; bnt every one of tho^ 
chaatiwoinciitf* burnt into my soul a« though I hnd been 
torn with red-hot pincers, or si^ared with a branding- 
iron. It wus tlio lU'gnjdntion und not the pain of 
the punishment that 1 felt. Wlien J wa« ett^ven and 
liiid hi-c^me a m'riouM, thinking, Inginil uml fcennini" 
hoy, imich uf my lifr Iw-cainc mi Irifrrno Uj me. I was 
not beaten ; but I was continually threatened with the 
scourge, I waa continually menaced with being ^nt 
to somo strict (^ohool; and rodft and canes and :^traps 
w^re continnally, llgurutively speaking, brandiEhed 
before my eyes. 

1 waA always a nervous boy; and at last, tiirongli 



HTi^ti-'r iK'rvou«i U'lisioii, I Ml Into a hihviv^K', UAie\\\\]i^ 
Mid UviiiLliiig tiaio uf ill-li4^alLli apjH'UHcliiiig tlmt 
trliicli tlie Fiviirli call 4b malmlie ff*f /'iMy//ritt\ I ciia^tnl 
to takv; pleiiAurc in my Ix^ovrd bouk» ami my iqirally 
ImIotccI pcQ-uud-iikk drawmgsi and would biocKl for 
hours, crouching in a chair, to be rebuked for aulkinese, 
or ibr^ati^n^^d Hith puni.^liinont ftfr idloiK*^*^. I was 
fR'ithtT >u]ky ju}T wilfully idk\ I wiis <."n^y wrt*tclicdj 
und my yi^uiig lieart haH Wn taken out of men ^om«- 
tlihig had to lie done. I wa-h ahliaiiiM ia t^ll tire 
4loctor* the cauHC of my misery /sio a ivn^fii d*: 
familic wuif summoned. My uiiut Sophy, who kept 
& ^hool aomcwhcre tn^ai" Lisson Gtiivp, and who wa*^ 
a di sciplinn I' iuD, opined th«t the wnly way of meeting 
my ca*ie v!a» a libi^ral application of the «tick. My 
aiini Eliitu liL-hi Uiai I ouijlit fo Ix' smit iuto the 
country; tmd Uuit nlcnty oT new-kid fggpf. new milk, 
and apple-pie would «oon restore m^ to health and 
stirngth. But my ileitr c^jusiu Kli»e and my dcjii-CBt 
eou»:in Sitru, hoth Wcrit Indians, and thi- (hiu^hter» 
of sbLTe-ovrnvr^* nnd who probably understood tUti 
pecaliarittefi of my case much better than any other 
of my rvhitiuiLM did, pointed out tluit T hivfd U'iiniiiig, 
9XkA tli:it it wivt aliHoliiUdy iK-r<?-s><JLry thiil. my ^fiidi<-i4 
should be directed by uu cxjicrienced and capable 
teadier of my own ^^x. 

Furthermore, they remarked that I wa?^ already a 
tolembie linguist, und tlmt my cjtpacity for learning 
lan^ungcri ouj*lit to be dilif*t')itly cneoiiru^t^d :ind 
dereloped. Finally, my cousin Sam said that she 
knew a Madame Oi/i. uii Rn^ll^di huly whu had 
narried au rmim*iit I-^n'ocIi |^Hvpi^1, and \;Ik) lin^l 
in tlK J'arc Moncoiusc, V^A'h- Madame I>ixi, ?ilie would 
be bound> would m^on find a lirst-rati> s(*hool for mci 
in tbo French cuipilal, and in i'rencli scliooU, bIic 
c^iueluded, evorjbcxly knew tlmt no corporal pnnishpieut 
wliatvvrr vra» inflicted. An immense load of iLgony 


jiiid teiTor was removed from my mind when tliese good 
words were uttered by my cousin Sara; and my 
mofeher, after much cogitation, gave her consent to 
my t»eitig sent to school in France so soon as one liad 
been fo\ind by Madame Dizi. Fortunately, we were 
in the time i by her benefit at the Haymarket, 
my mothtir had realised more than £300 ; and it luckily 
happening that two of her former pupils got married 
that season, she waa able to make a handsome addition 
to our modest pecunium by the commission she received 
from a well-known firm of pianoforte manufactarers for 
two grand pianofortes, which she purchased to the 
account of the happy brides. 




ITpSKlt Bop nml Uiuir (Umos— Ukii'k-holo— /'^ff* A AUn of Urn Xavu ^ 
Ito^ct^At l^r 'I'ht'uti^ (.Vnit^j— Alfintfinlnj Uiuii.»/^— Thfil^lon IfMiMtl 
^TMily [ininvlllj* in n I'hHtr Af ^tJitp— Urim', TjirnTiiinn^ lAhlitohM, Hml 

Wi Mmo back to England, to my intonr;o sorrow and 
dl0^st, early in Hii_ I say Korraw and dih^unt, 
beoauf^e I wan getting on very well at scliool in 
pKriK, aD(l hail livily ho|fe.s r>{ gi^lLiiiir uit U^liiT. U 
wu A .-^diofjl uf WawI wi>ik^ .'Lttil I siii.nili) nay timt, 
what with coTiipo3iu^ my daily themes, construing 
my Latin and Grei-k lossons, atteudin^ the mathe- 
matieal aiul di^wir^ olas^o.^, anil pn'jjiiriti^ at tUc 
boarding' hou«u, ii^ tim ovotiiuff. the im^riMwV Wsoiif;, 
I httu1i'-''l on the avonige Pidl eJ^lit honrij h day. 

Wl- had a very lar^e jilay^roiiiul at tli« Pttimon 
in the Kite At*. <?iJurrelleH; hut the <^nckei*lit'M ww 
wholly unknown to us. In the winter we dnjve hoop* 
or chased the (lying ball ; in the aiininier wc pUycd 
marbles and battledore anct-tiUuttlecock; and there wivs 
^«0 a i^mTj tolerably {m|uilar with \x^, called (ULf iarn'n, 
a kind of prl^an^-rM basLV On the whoh\ I do not 
tbink tfaiit we played niUL*li. It wuj^ not then the 
fa&tuon fi>r Preneh achoolbays tw join in any paAtiines 
of the violent jtort, nuch »a foi)thalh or runniDg* or 
leaping. Such a thini; iis u pugilistic encounter wa^i 
never heard of among the boys ; and the moat serious 
trouble into ivhich I got during my scholastic careor 
in Pam wa» due to my having thrown^ at Christmas- 
tim'>, a Kiiowball at one of iny school fcUai^'i^. The 


cheery ini^hilf.* hit liim on the nose, but utlierwise did 
him no harm ; but it seemed that I had outraged 
the dignity of the youthful Gaul, who lodged a formal 
complaint against me with the Prefect of Studies for 
havLUg been guilty of voicf dc fnif and the employment 
Q^ force majt'tn-c ; yi(\(i I know not how many hundreds 
of lines of Virgil I had to write out in expiation of 
that unfortunate snowball escapade. 

I have told you that there wa.s no kind of corporal 
punishment at the French school to winch I was 
fortunate enougli to be sent ; but if there was no 
birch, there was certainly a disagreeable amount of 
black-hole for serious offences ; and as the cachot^ or 
solitary cell, assigned to offenders, was supposed 
to be infested by rats — -I do not believe that such 
was really the case — you may imagine that many 
an English schoolboy would have preferred a sound 
thrashing to three days in the cachot on bread and 
water. As a solace for the strictness of the discipline 
maintained, we had plenty of leave, and enjoyed almost 
as much freedom as the London Blue Coat boys 
in roaming about the streets of Pans ; and we often 
went to the opera or to the play — amusements that 
were forbidden to the Blue Coat bovs of half a 
century ago. 

One visit to tlie theatre made by the tnmatea 
of the Pension H^non in a body, numbering, I should 
say, about eighty, to a certain tiny theatre in the 
Passage Choiseul, I shall not readily forget. In this 
miniature salle a whole block of seats in the pit had 
been secured for us; and one summer afternoon, imme- 
diately after dinnei' — say six p.m. — we were marched 
down to the Passage Choiseul, escorted by the Prefect 
of Studies and by X\\tqq pions, or nnder-ushers— forlorn, 
dejected creatures, who had nothing to do with 
teaching the boys, but whose duties were to secure 
silence during the evening hours of study ; to watch 

HrHO:/l. /UVtf LV VMilS, 



Uicni duriu^ pniycrs ; to rupurt all ouscb uf Tni?uoiiJuct 
to llio propi'iebor^ ol the poiisi\/fi^ aiul ^'cuorally W 
act iw fpiej* and delatci^. These pifjtrM wt-iv Imtod, 
despid&d, aud »iiuhlx'd by tlic* Kchtjul ^''ent'i'Ally ; Jind 
by tbt? biggti* jHijiils tl:<?y wert' uftcu upeiily lalliod 
mill ilvtW. To tiiy mind they iiLei'it.f'c] mtich iimn; 
encourAgcnient tliiiu hostility — mnch maw crJ1np^^]oIl 
than contumely. It wa$ nut their fault that tlity 
had got themselves iato that ^^ullcy. The i/to/t oi tht? 
pmod — I hope htti lot has be^ii improved in fno^Uin 
tim(« — u'ns luually a KOCtal failure, an iiinfjG(*nt 

One specially moumful type of the chua I 
vividly nsxilhvt- Hi* wan a lar^e, lung, ahitinliliii)^ 
being, vritU a scruhby red liuaJ* utid a pasty visage 
plentifully adorned with frocklcsH He had bleared eyas 
tivo k'ft le^fl— so to speak— and birge bony haiidfl with 
tho tiK^criuuEft always m half mourning;. He had Wu 
academically i^ducatvi at iUk' Culk'^i* LiiUi^ le Grand, 
I think, but had failed iti (.v^lIi and L'r(?ry career vvblch he 
h;ul irsfcsayed- Junior clerk to a notary ; actor, ^tjivnlir 
fiMijur ; A»si*l«tnt to a <jua4:k dottor, f'Mjiitj^/ in thr 
I'oMpm FHui&itrb; boykkcL-piT in a (/unittu de noarricf^^ 
— he had been ev^Tythiu-j by turns, and nothing long, 
till he ttub^idcd into the lowly state of a pioft in a 

^anari''f^' hi' wuiilil M.nih-tnno-^ plaintively a^L His 
»iiinc, if I ri*inenibia right, na,s Ila([ueL What an- 
you U» do with a niitn of tiie luiuie of lUqmd? 

The perlWniances at the Thcatrt* Cumti.\ which 
in 1S!)1I i«\'as th^ nauu- of tho LillijmLian pluy-hou^t; 
in the L'a^^&aKc Cboi^cul, k^^an mv\y • in fact, it waa 
a tbeatie for cTiildren. Corute was a notable con junn- of 
ilio Firftt N'anokonic era, who had taken the small hoiue 
called " I-o 'J \iiAim Ai> iUiuih\s Elfevejs," ami ivnaimil it 
afti^r liiniself. Of tbi.' pitTc.-* ])layed on tbt* nigbt of our 
Tisit I cm only leintfuiber tliat one was aboat Frederick 


the Great and a youthful page who had a mother \ and 
that the generosity of the illustrious monarch to bis 
joutliful servitor made ub all weep plentifully. 

But it is the audience and not the performance that 
dwells in my mind. Among my schoolfellows in the pit 
were the two young sons of Caaimir Delavigne, poet and 
dramatist; a son of Dumanoir, a prolific vaudevillist ; 
and a son of Jaime, another, versatile draviaturge of the 
period. But there was another, son of a noted dramatic 
author, and one destined to achieve the brightest fame 
both as a novelist and a writer for the stage, This^ was 
a shapely young fellow, who in 1839 must have been 
about sixteen. He bad very light blue-grey eyes and 
an abundance of soft, light, auburn hair, which curled 
in rather a frizzled mass. The name of this youth was 
Alexandre Dumas j and he was the son of the renowned 
author of " Les Troh Mousq/wiairef^*' and of '* Le Vomte 
dc Mo/ffe CrhioJ' Among the articles, the use of 
which was for some absurd reason or another forbidden 
to us pensionnaires, was an opera-glass ; and young 
Alexandre Dumas, who was at the hack of the pit, and 
who was, I believe, naturally short-sighted, coolly 
produced such a forbidden object, and began to scan 
Frederick the CJreat and his page behind the foot- 
lights. The mutinous act was at once perceived and 
resented by the Prefect of Studies. " A has h' lorgnon., 
Moiisictcr Dumas ! a bas h loiynou !" he exclaimed in 
wrathful tones. Unprophetical prefect! Little could 
the pedant, unendowed with foresight, know that the 
lad who liad violated the school regulations by using a 
lorgnon was destined to be the author of "ie Demi* 
Monde " and " La Dame aritV CamiHati" 

My mother had gone to London during the sum- 
mer season of 1840 to give a round of singing lessons 
among her old clientele; and, returning to Paris in 
the late autumn, she gave a grand concert at the 
Salon Frascati, which only two years previously had 



been liiMliy di3e>t»b1iahed as n public <^amiii^'liouAc by 
tbc IWis Muiik-ij^ulity. Frusoiti waa at the angle of 
the Uoult'vard and the Uue do Iticholieu. The cdilicc 
wa^, I think, pulled down in ISIl, and all Icliuls of 
- wnKtructtousi. acdleitod to iili kind* of j>ur|j^>s-_^fii, had 
^^^5^*« instalU'd uii tht) kIIi? of thi? fanioiiN pavilicnif and 
f^^dlMl^; but the grand saloon in wlueb uiy mother 
held ker conatrt had been tht; identii:al apart nitriit 
in which the fnlcrprirtiug speculator M, Buuazct— 
aftci'wardft of tlit Kursujth Bitdtn-Bad^fn — had carried 
on, witli such imtiK'niie prollt to himsijlf, the pleu^in^ 
guuio oi freHk-et-qtiaranie i while tiie apartment which 
my mother couvertt-d into a rerri^Hlniu'iit-ntoin hud Urn 
the oiu? di'vutud Us n^ulrtte ; iuid u-t, juioLIkt snuiller 
m/om, which ibr the noniw* »bc utilised as a withdiaw- 
ing-room for the artkira, had been in the tiini; of 
Bour^ault, th« predece«Kor of UtSuuKct. a (icIl-cI litthi 
if/erito^ in whiclt the ^aint^ t'Xohi*ivcly placed wa« 
crvpM^ or crabs — a ;^me uf dic^ — ait prcecut, I ehguld 
say, altogether obsolete. The concert was under the 
immedialt? patniiia<;t; nf t.hf Uuji MriliHh ArnbiiNAadn'^M. 
Jjftcly Oranvilli*, wh*j uunir t<» thu Sidini Ki'ii>c«ti with 
hi4 Excellency and the whole staff of the Emhassy, 
the kttcr including, if I mistake not, a principal 
secretary by tlic name of Henry Lytton IJnlwer, the 
brother of the illu^triouK novvlUt, tht> tirst Earl of 
Lytt^Hi, and who himjicif wil?« aftL^rwartU to b« Ijord 

Por the aci^iiniuuKlution of the Amljuasadrew — how 
niaani-r5 cliAngu ' and how wc chan^'^ with them! — 
ttiy mothcT cuuiied to be crectod in tho saloon — where 
oiice tho monotonous voice of tho Jotmeifr tfi' f^rfsif 
had boi'D heard hundreds of time* a day : " /lonye pt^rd 
**f fXffh'tir" or *' Jii^v^e t/it^/fL\ t.vif^rifr perd" — a kin<l 
of thnuw oil u ^tiuf-pn/f, n\t\ui]%U*mi in crinifton and 
ffoid and surnnJiintcd by the Itov^I Arms of Kn^hind. 
Bo her Excellency ^t lu her cnair of states and in 


BAtAS hxfF. Asv n^VHsrvhiis. 

till- iiitt*Tviil>i of iUv »*»i*gs iiiLiI" cuij(X'rtt'il iii«s;es 
tbc l/eait momte and the tacnibers <*£ fchc fo//w rfy^to- 
maUqui^ PiUiU' to jHiy thoir court to the con*^ort of tlio 
fjccojittonully p^ijiular rcpnsriitiilive vf <Jaetu Victoria. 

A liir^o niimWr of dii^tiD;;ui«)itid vocnl an<i iti«tru- 
mi^iital :ii-ti«t»» |»?rforined »t thiJi, to ik, nteinuniUe 
musical festivftl, Oiiilirtfa Griii, then iii iht^ ijouii-tiilc 
iif \\vr lii-Jtitty siiul her gi*iuii,<, nait^ ; no iliti Taiuburmi, 
the ^cat haritoni^'; so did Lnblitdu.', the rerLOwned 
basso. MulihraQ — tlic ilivmc Mulibruii — was <leud; 
but among our c^uMrm was her ^i&tcr, rauliue Garcifti 
a ^ingor of AfitoniKliIn^ comjiass of voice, who early 
retired fivm th(* exareiin^ of Iht [irort'ssiuii to became 
tin? wifi' of Moi]p>ieur Louis Viurdut, thr rriidite 
Art-eollector and critic. My mother reitliaed a Urge 
Slim of money by this concert; although it was with 
uo very agreaiblc ftvliiifji* tlmt she received on the 
tnorrovr of tbc ftiuctioti u summon?; from tbc bureau 
(I'Ai^siKknco Publique to di&bmi^e u r^um Rmountitif^ 
lo several liLindreclsof frauc?i: heiug a percentajjieon Ler 
receijita as the r//wV* d^it ftnavren, or portion of the i>oor. 
I wfinder what i)ur liuinlon th'MtriiMl iiianu^ei's ant 
concert orguni^t^rs would tbiuk \l tlicy were culled U]>0I1' 
to i«iy such a percentage on their nightly takings? To 
be bure, there are no reguhir poor-rates payable by alt 
houselioldei's, in France^ 

111 the winter of 1S40 luy mother weut a j^ruiit di-id 
si.K'ieiy in i*dri&; :iu(l fnMii lime io lime 1 ubliiined 

Cdvaf. or " pahj*/' from my /jrnxiou^ and wa^ taken 
out to mit'Ct'4 »nd receijtioiw in thy great world. In 
])articular do 1 reincniber tmuiy liaj)jiy eveuinfiw passed 
ut the uj>;irtnicnts iu the itue TronchL't, close to tlie 
Church of the Madeleine, of Lady Iliuiiet l>'Orsay. 
She was ii mtwit beautiful htdy, w ho had bt?en Miss Harriet 
(liirdiuer, Ji duiighti^T ul the I'^irl of ii[e^^jn^l;o^, but itiii 
by the literary Countess. She eispoUMul en prtmihctf 
NotTft tliiit king of dandies, Alfred. Count JJ'Orsuy. the 


srnooh iKiYs i.y p.ifffs. 


soti or fc ieau D'Liraay, and one of N^Lpolooii » favourito 
generaU ; bat the ^loinoj^tic virtues w^ri- not in Connb 
Alfrod'Tf lino; and I )k'1k*vi* thnt tho couple separated 
for p<**j<l afWr a f^w weeks of matrimonial blins — if uny 
bli*i tliere were in the luBiaesa, Lady Harriet, some 
y^iu-t ;ifterwanlM, marnnl Mr. S|)eriiTi'r (lowpiT, ;irid w»* 
ja.-^tly f*twiiu*d for iiiT piety ^iml [iliiljiiiUiTOpy Uy tite 
Eu^iish culouy in ParU. 

I Tcmembcr her ^ a cttttimin^ Indy, witli luHroufl 
cyofl^ who dreft*cd ber Imir iti wluit I Iiavo ttlwnys 
h^ld to be tlio moht bowitcbiiiii; fuf»biuu— a buuob 
of ritiglotfi oil t'acli ?»iiW ot tbo Iicai), siicli a>i ycu 
Hee in tlie puitraits o( Henneitii Maria, ami in 
i\nm* of MiiiiK u[ Uie iiCitiitrf^'K of Uk- (\iiirt nf 
t'littrle* 1[. Ijiuly Harriet l>"Oistty Wiis vcMy tbu 
lieroitiG of a story wlucli baa Ijlxiu told in at leaat twonty 
forma of twenty difierent bidics of fswUion. Sho wa* 

Ereiddin}^ at a stall at a tv/^^tr tff r/mrite, or bazaiir, 
(•Id in uid of tb(? IudJs o( »;i>niu ;Lsylii]n ur jiiioLliijr, 
when tlien? came tip Hte vumi'^' Dnk*.- of Orleans, sou 
ami beir of King Louis VbiUppe. Tlie iJnke, after 
KOme {HtViXe smatl bilk, b^gan to exLA tlir be.iuby of iK-r 
hjur : and. indeed, lirr Flcnrii'tta Maria atiffurt: biid 
never looked ^lo^^ii-r uiid softer tbaii it did tlits day. 
'* Oh r' Raid ilift Itojal lligbne^fi, ^* if I could only 
poinioiw one of tboae encbantinfl; ringlets!** "IIow 
mncb would Monsei^ntMir ^ive for one V " asked Ijsidy 
Harriet, ^ravi-Iy, " Fjvl? tlion^imd Jhincs?" *' Five 
tlioufldnd francs ! " rt-peutcd tb© iJuke ^ "' a mere ify«- 
Mie! * ''Six tbousand francs?" "Anything so 
cliftnn'tng a laJy ciiow(» lo ask/" " I will not bt; extor- 
tionate." pur^m^d Lady Harriet: "We will Miy livi; 
thousand/ And tben she very coinp^jseJly prodiioecl a 
dainty little imir of scissors; tiuipped otF tlie culoiJible 
Henriettii Maria ringlet; wnippeil it in nilver pa[>er, 
luid baudt^l Jt, witb a %w\^ and a cintnty full ofgrace* 
Eul dignity, to tUc Duke. His Uoyal Uigbucait bkrlud 

^AS^rS tA 


very HtmiLjlil duwii UU noiee; and returning Lndy 
HarmtV sululo, *lnlkiHl, nmnowluit glooniilv, nway. 
But liis Privy Purse dulvforwanlecl the money next Ja?.' 
I fsiu iiiiAj^Ine Limt tlie agunies of tlio frugal, not. to say 
I)Arsi!iionious. King J^uuiw J'liilippe, wln*ii bo licarcl of 
tins prodigality on tli»? part of the Iieir to tlic Crown, 
must have boon shocking,' to contemplate. 

Now you will understand Loi^^ sorry I waA to b«. 
sudJonly torn Ipoin my bdovi'd Paris, fmm tli^ ^tudbi^ 
in which 1 deliyhtt'*!. ;uiil th** sofii-ty which, t*j my 
youn*^ iiiiiidr «^^Tned ho )i<*aiitif\il, so refined, ani so 
lutfllfctual. We wErre driv<*n out of ['ranee mainly 
through rumouiTi of xvar between France and Knglaitd, 
and the alurmitit ivprc«ent»tions of our friend Tnmburitii. 
There was, indeed, not oidy the usual display of rancour 
aeainat England in the columns of the French press — ■ 
rano<iur n(^t!i*ntuat«l by the British operation'* In Syrisi 
iiJid thf niptdR* iif St, .li'jni d'Arn- by Sir CJuirlefi 
Napier; but popular ieeling; a,moiig the masses, of a 
nature hostile to tins country, waa almost uuivc^rsally 
rife. J had a hard time of it at college and at my hoard* 
iiig-house; nonnally, I us*-'(l U ho worried and l^cklcd 
in consequence of tho h^t^* conduct of Marshal Blik'ber 
and the Prussians in coming up instead of General 
Orunfiliy and tbn Frennh at. t.lie li;iU!e tif \V;tti*rl[x». 
Jiut iowHi'di* tlie tnd tif 1841* i\\vp<r^ iiiiTTncal Krntinicnl^ 
became further cmbittcrctl by all kindw of absurd 
calumnies touching: our procccdini^s in the East — how 
we had nn justly arrr-wted French suhjecte and tired upon 
Frtmch hospitals and la7,aretto«- An additional grievance 
against KntfluTid wan the madcjip expedition of Princfl' 
Jjouis Napolron Konapitrle to Houlu^ne- At the timd 
of this v.\Azy escapndft the Krenrh were positively 
deifying thu memory ot fsitpolton the Chrat. whose 
remains were being hrou|^h1 from St. Helena to France 
for interment in the Invfllides, and whose second 
funeral I witnea^iscd- 

SfrnooL DAY.-^ fN PAntfi. 


V^t» for all tliia, the French were siavagely Jin);iy 
tlmt lliv BfniiiiJiiPtist plot wliould \ni\v. Ikti^ haWlu'd 
in Loiulaii ; mwl this angLT wa^i jiL^'^ravjitf tl to tlio 

P>int of ex as jie ration hy the circumstance that t.liA 
rince and his morcr or lesH disreputabUj TaDowern 
Imd Innilcd in Fmnce from a Hiitiali stramcr. spc- 
cmlly clmrt4>red for the voya^je, and called 7'^^ KJin- 
hurgh Ca»ile, Xiglit after night disorderly crowds 
ii]<«i>ioh]ed in front of the British l-jmhaM!i!y in tin* 
Rue dii Fliuliunt^ St. Hcnuiril, jflliny for " Iv nn>i^ 
Jc Milord GraMviuG'' and evMi "Tit sang dv. PnUffn" — 
tin* only fa,ult of poor Mr. Patten beiii^ that he wait one 
of the medical attendants of the Kintwissy, and tlat Im 
residence wo* just opposite Lord Granville's liotcK My 
mother lived hrtrd by, in the IJui* de I;i l\'pfni&i"e, and 
fihe became so tcTrided with the nightly disturbances in 
tlio Fauliourg, and thi^ representation* of Taiiihitrini 
— win* d(Tl;m'<l t.liat wiir wji.n Innninrnt, and that 
he had sold all hir* money out of the Fivnch rcffftr/i — 
UiAt fhc hastily removed my sister fi-om the convent 
vberc her education was heiny: complote'l i took nio awuy 
from my ccllepe in the lUie St. Laamv, and from my 
pe»»fQa in the Kue de Coiircellc^, inul ho packed up and 
dejKuted. I>ng ;md Ui^^ga^e — niv elik-st brother Urin^ 
OIK- uf the i*arty — to ISoulogne, and m> Ui DuvtM", 




The Th<^tro Ro^-nl, Dovec— Hf'nry Wullack jmd hi* Slip of iho Tonj^ip — J;imc« 
Wnllack and his Som — -An Enrly XovpI — I'roiliicinj; The Yrllote Row — 
W, B, Capoland and his ilon^&t Chftrk-tukcn— tlmrlflfl Sain [is Hftml^t— 
Shftko^poArc «A thv Ghoat — A MiUlary Funeral. 

There was no Lord Warden Hotel at Dover in those 
days; and the railway to London^ although considerable 
progress had been made in the work, was, in IS J- 1, 
very far from completion. It was, I think, at a 
cosy old-fa»hioned hostelry by the side of " The Gnn/* 
kept by an old-fashioned worthy named Hipgrave, that 
we first took up our quarters^ subsequently removing 
to furnished apartments in Snargate Street, opposite 
the Heights, the little summer-houses on the gentle 
slopes of which used to fill me with huge delight. I do 
not think that my mother's finances were at the time 
in a very prosperous condition. School and boarding 
and lodging bills had swallowed up the bulk of the 
profits of the grand concert at the Salon Frascati; 
my eldest brother was a rather expensive yoimg man ; 
and in so desperate a hurry had we been to leave the 
fair land o£ France that we had dispensed with the 
dUlgp}ice. and travelled post in a htrhne tie voffage — 
a mode of locomotion which cost a good deal of money. 
Be it as it may, my mother found it necessary to do 
something to keep the domestic pof-a/f-ftu simmering. 
My dear, indefatigable parent had not altogether run 
out of funds; so she thought that she might utilise 
a portion of her small remaining pecnliuM by helping 
to "nm" the Theatre Royal, Dover, an exiguous 
pluy-houRe, the fortunes of which, like tliofc of many 

pnovixrtAr. TtiKAmwArs, 


]>rovi(icial tlte&trvtt uf tli« pi'i-iiM), had l>r^[i for 

conHi<lemblo time in a simi)iy dfrplorahlcr comliUon. 

One of the T^tni k'saccs \\i\A Ixrco Mr Itoiiry 

'ollaok, a respectable melodramatic actor, wlio is 

1^^ remeniborcdj porhapst, in theatrical aMnals through 

'i\\vf oiiriouM stlip which hi> oniv iiuulwriiMitly inaJo in 

iX'A ^rxiXixivxT. whik* playing %\\v [lart of CSrindoff in 

iG melodrama — fonnerly so dear to the jiiv^aile 

in>prie((>r-H i>f toy 1h**ahv?*^tif Tiif MUifr aitf! hh \fi'n. 

1) au t'ariy Sftfiw of the plu/, (irinduS" has to ask 

njc o( the bundtlti, disi^'uiscd a^ millers, the question. 

Arc those sacks tHhi>->eied of?" Hat, confusdng ht» 

vordfl in an almost incomprehensilile Kianner^br hff 

iwii« a well-edueattnl man — ho said» " h thorn sacks 

di^^xAi'd iif?" Tfi \\hitdi the brigand- in ilh>r ]nr» 

— Utii promptly, as it tuninl out in Lht; limy viiri- 

replied. " Yi?fi, they nmJ* Wa laughs he^t who Innghs 

Ia>t, 'III'.' hrisjand ha^l his joku ; hut Harry Wallack 

was stat;*'-niau:igLT. and verj' speedily 11r^ maladroit wag 

l^t the "sack.*' The gentleman whii played (.rrindoHF 

Ivas a brother of that su]H'rh ui^tor -Jjinies Wallauk, 

[mho, alW a h^ni^ and hrJiliaiLt cnn.'*.T iu England, 

ik up his nhode in the United S^tates, where^ at 

GW \ork, h<" fonoded " Wallack's 'nieatrr,'* in the 

fDanagement ol which iie wa:s Mica'tiled hy his accom- 

plivhed eon, the lati^ Loiter WulUuk. All the young 

Wnllsokfl, 80n6 of James* wyin: frlendr} of my brother 

Charles and m^eelf. More than one of tlit-m, I think, 

I»eld eommi5»ion« in the army; and uno wn>i for some 

tim** (foxi-nuir nf M illUink I'ri'miri . 'I^hcy were line, 

danhtn<^. chindrie voun^ lellowA, a^ handsome* an their 

baud»omc sire. 'I*he Ja^t time that 1 »aw James 

WoJIack, then jj^rown very old and feeble, waa at the 

bouse of hi*i mi\ Ii<^ttr, at New York, in 1*^(31; and 

thi' latter told nu- that when \\U fftthfr went to the 

States he had acii^lentnUy taken with him the manu* 

acript of a do\o1 whirh 1 li»d iirittin at the mature 


age of tliirteeD, and which bore the attractive, although 
not very refined, title of "Jeraray Jenkins; or, tlie Adven- 
tures of a Sweep," I would give something to have a 
glance at that manuscript now; siuce the thing must 
have been written at Dover just aft«r our return from 
France, and it must have been full of the most appalling 

Mr H. Wallack could do nothing at all with 
the Theatre Royal, Dover; and to him succeeded a 
Miss Caroline Darling — a tall aud attenuated young 
lady, who was supposed to excel in " pantaloon parts/' 
I scarcely think that her surname was really Darling; 
but the name was then one to conjure with, owing 
to the popular enthusiasm excited by the heroism of 
Grace Darling, the dauntless daughter of the Northern 
lightbouse-keeper. Poor Miss Caroline Darling ! 
Saturday after Saturday would "the ghost" decline to 
" walk '' in her treasury ; but she was valiant, although 
impecunious; and on Saturday afternoons would sit 
on a rickety chair, in the middle of the stage, with 
an open and empty reticule ou her lap, sobbing, 
"Tear me piecemeal; take my gown, my shawl, my 
boots; but stick to me for another week." The 
company — there were "stock" companies in the provinces 
in those days-^were loyal to their luckless manageress. 
The low comedian used to make a little money by 
singing comic ditties at a public-house " free-and-e^isy ' 
after the performance was over; the heavy tragedian 
gave lessons in elocution at a neighbouring boarding- 
school for young ladies; I suspect that the leading lady 
did a little remunerative business on her own account 
in bonnet-building and dress-making ; and the "walking 
gentleman/' I have reason to know, did under the 
circumstances extremely well ; for he lodged at a 
butcher's in Snargate Street, and made love to the 
butcher's daughter. 

My mother came so far as she was able to the 




aHHiAtaiice of tlio (^mbiiiTafised maua^GiPSf^; and tlid 
bujiiD&ts beginning ^li^titly to irnjimvt* Mirotigli Ui« 
nrrival of a now regiment in the gurrison, wc brou;:;ht 
aut a tiow iiyinody, called 7/'^' Yt^low lio^p. It was a 
translation from a French piece, La ,flwe JnunG; 
in prepariap the !En^1iah version 1 tliinlc Ihnt iriy 
motbi^r, my brollior FrederJirk, my si^ttT, and iny«elf 
nil li&d H sbara. I know tbat I iinide a iair cupy of 
ihtf pie«*. and wrote out all the parts, " r.ut'!* " and all. 
/!tc IW/'i^t." A'l^*'" vfAJ* not, dmniiiticiiUy «pcakiti^> a 
sficcc«s; alfcbougli tbc offieei-u of the new rp^mc-nt 
muEtored in force in tlio drcfis-circlo. The wtfti^e 
manager, indted, had the courage to come b(*fore the 
eurtaiu at the concluKlt^n of tlie |duj, and to announce 
that it wtudd hi* rt-j»'jil.jHl indil further notiwi : wlu-re* 
upon one of the nine occ^upant^ of the ^lleij callpd 
out in ft r^Honant. but Hoarc^ly friendly, voice, " Not 
by no means." Kxit 77it^ JW/iow ^f*r. 8u far a» 
my memory serves mo. Miss tWolino Ditrliny fadod 
away shortly afterward^^ into i\\{^ Infioitiea^ 

Shf> was succeeded by a Mr. W. li, Copeland, a really 
rapubh* .irtor of efthihliKned rt^putation, wfio, «onie yeur« 
ftftcnrardit, brtamo Ifssi^e and nunmfjer of th« Theatre 
Itoyal* Liverpool, and reaJiscd, 1 nnvc been told» a 
handhonie competence. To him js attributed tbe 
Kaying tluit ho wa^ the only mana^r in Kngland who 
iwid tlioroughly honest ^heck'tak<»r» and nioney-laker« ; 
* and yet/' Mr. C^iwiand u-as aecutitoined, rellectively 
ia add, "they all buy freehold lionises out of BaWj<!0 
of fiftfrii shillings a we^tk." In l^il. Mr, Oopt^lantl 
wan verging U[K»n middle-age and inclined to be »tout; 
hia wife, who was slender, was a charmin)? lady : bad 
perhaps a shghtly too strong pcndtanf for playing 
Oplivlia and Juliot, when perhaps parts of a more 
matronly type would have united her betti^r. One of 
Mr Copeland'ti earliest ventures wuk Hnmh^f, and hu 
unexpect^'dly found a proiniAing joung dcbuiani fur 

Ilif SJf,.VS UFK A\D .IMX-Vrrflt'-S. 

the character of the Prince of Denmark in my second 
blither, Cbarlefl Kerriffon, who, being fnll of animal 
spirits, bad engaged in a lively race with the 
constable in London, and had managed to oatrun 
that functionary. 

Harried by usarers at Somerset House, just as 
Anthony Trollope tells us in his "Autobiography" that 
he waH harried, my brother Charies had not been strong 
enough to battle with the sixty-percenters, and had 
resigned his poet in the Civil Service, which, I believe, 
he had always cordially disliked. At all events he be- 
came, before he was twenty-one, a gentleman at large, 
with a strong leaning towards adopting the stage as 
a profoHRion. He had played many parts in amateur 
theatricals at a semi-private theatre in Catherine 
Street, Strand. Of course, when he joined us at Dover, 
ho was anxious to enact Hamlet the Dane. Juvenile 
tragedians have displayed such an anxiety ever since 
the days of David Uarrick; so at least we infer 
from the memoirs of that mighty actor. My brother 
Charles was reaily a splendid reciter of blank verse; 
and in one respect he resembled the original iroper- 
senator of the Koyal Dane, for he wa;* " fat and scant 
of breath." Mr Copeland, however, saw much promise 
in him, and Ilamlef was speedily put in rehearsal ; Mrs. 
Copeluml being inevitably the Ophelia, and my mother 
playing the Queen; while the middle-aged manager 
contented himself with the part of the Ghost. There 
is a dnmmtic legend that the original Ghost was 
Shukes)K'are himself ; and I remember that honest 
John Hollingshend once expressed his entire belief 
in this legend; and cited it as a typical illustration 
of the business astuteness of the poet, who was manager 
OS well as n^'tor. " You see," observed Mr, Hollings- 
head, "there is a very long wait between the appear- 
ance^ %A the Ghoj^t on the platform of the Castle 
Elmore and his turning up again in the closet scene. 

pttovisctM. T$iicArmvAh?<. 


Nuw, wlkit did Sluikt^Mpcarc clt>, Wt tbvow u cloLik over 
hu mrtnoiu', mid take ii quiet stroll downstairs to make 
puro tliat lie was not heing robbed by his /v^//Vo//t* 
in ibv fruutof tlit* Iiouso," 

Tliere was % difficulty witli R-spect to the tuartial 
ituioply of tim iWi-AKrtl Miiji'fity iif Dfimiiirk at. \\\v- 
'riit-atre Itoyal, Uovtr. Mr. CojK'liiiid liad no unnuur 
i*f \%\\ own. and the wardrobe was in an almost wholly 
denuded filat^^ ; but my eldest brother, who wa3 a ca]uiljle 
modeller and dmn^human, came to the* re^ouc and very 
MX»n fitted the iiho^it with u full »uit of armour made 
from «tout pasteboiknl, nojilly eoveri*d with tliiFoil, It 
•ervedvery well on tli*? first uiglit ofperfrn'mance; only 
through thv bivakibg of thi^ stringH of tbe Oho»t« 
helmet he expcritncctl considerable ditficulty in keeping 
\w9 beaver up. 

The CopeUind management did not Iiu^t lon^^ ; and the 
comptiny, witb tlieir mnniL^i.*!', went away id a body, and 
in a hurry, to try thk.'ij' hick at variouti townii alon^ the 
Kouth coast, My mgtber wa« not discouraged; »ho 

fttie n ina.M|uenu)i? aL the ilieatn-, and llii!^ v/v^ HueceLvh'd 
y a grand hnll wi a iiliuT rdlh^il, 1 Ik'Ucvc, the Apollo- 
nian Uoom». This last function was attended by nearly 
all the oibcors of tho garriEon in full unifonn. The 
county families carao m from Folkestoni' and llythc and 
Sandgato; and Saai^ato Street on thi^ ni^ht of the hall 
wall blocked with tr^^clling airria^es and postdiaife^ ^ 
iind my mother made «uch a coturoitahh- suuj of moiR-y 
tlmt ><hi- frll hertiirlTeipiipped fortbi' Liiiidon »ea«»on, nud 
made preparution^ for the migfAtiou oflierwlf and Family 
to town. 

I have only cn^ othtr memory of Duvcr. I 
liad S'e^'n in Pari!* the grandiose interment oE Marshal 

Macdi>naid, Duke of Tartiito, and tho itifinitely more 
intiMresting Si-coiid Kiineral of Najxjiuon the Gn^at ; hut 

it waa fioin our drawing-room window ifi Snargate 
8trei^t that 1 beheld, for the hn»t tijne, an English 


military funeral. It was that of an assistant surgeon in 
the 54th Foot, who had been killed, ioadvertentlj' it 
turned out, by some rough in a brawl at a fair, and the 
remains of the poor gentleman were laid to earth with 
due martial honours. Very many have been the famous 
funerals of which I have been a spectator since 1S41 : 
the Duchess of Kent, the Prince Consort, the blind King 
of Hanover, Field-Marshal Sir John Bui^yne, Lord 
Palraerston, Lord Macaulay^ Robert Stephenson, Sir 
Edwin Laiidseer, the Tsar Alexander II. of Russia, the 
Emperor Napoleon III., the poor Prince Imperial, the 
Duke of Clarence — all these and many other notable 
personages have I seen interred ; yet does there dwell 
abidingly in my memory the image of that quiet funeral 
mrti'ge in Snargate Streetj Dover — the dead man s 
cocked hat and sword lying on the Union Jack which 
was the pall of his coffin j the instruments and muffled 
drums of the band playing the " Dead March in Saul " ; 
the firing party with arms reversed. 




^isa: bdria IHI — tii llio tfu'fliiiiit 'li^uii -Hit' IIjlWii "i Hu I'.nwl'ipv^ll.iXtv 
ab't lli^ Wilt Tbtf iJiJ.hi*! "Viuky*^ -Th*. PriiniiKA^ 'T)kwtn uiiJ-r 
Jvlin. U«!ni Mwldoi— TbM>ki4i'ay'g " Mi l*i>luiiLuip"~TkD Lluu-icrhuu^D 
AiuL numu of lU l»inittiiB--HLi|L]ii: Kviuii— Uuku L'hjiH*" iif Uiuusinck— 
H. I' <iiiiU>Ti-Wyi4Pi'*"Wii.iMi*'— A rlihi-ttnilli j ^Mrlt-t Lmiinf— Yimilv 
DeMli— KuDiLiPX IbluLlcrluuLtr Ut iit^i. 

It wa» nitli sutniniiiy tlili^^crun.' ih<ti Ciri^iir tiiinn- iiitii 
Gaul. Aa diligently did wc proceed from tiic tt>wn of 
?8»r"s citadel to tlic shores of the Thames, only. 110 my 
mother's cash-box was not iilto^'eth(.T cf^uivalcnt to tlie 
military chest of the Tenth Ijc-i^ion, wi? wt?re fain to he 
very frufpii iu u«r jouriR*y to tha tnt-tropolis. We truv- 
^IleO from T)i>ver to CHnterhiiry hy stag>?*ei)iieh, all our 
heavy bagL»age being went on to Londun by tlw humble 
bob ID those day?f indispensable necessary wiiggou. 
*n>cn. my mother unJ my eldest brother proeccded to 
iicriK' Uay in a po^tchaiae ; nnd we children lollcwcd iu 
an iinoinaloiis vAicle drawn by two horses whiL-h was 
hair » cijiii'h and bjilf u lly \ the dnvi'v of tlie veliich^ 
seeming liiinp^elf fioTiiewliat difliileiit in ilelhiin^ it^ ehjtr- 
ft£ter. Tfc »jKrle of it luf "conveyance/' 01 llcma 
Hay I retijeniber nothing suve n pn:iU!gioiisly prolruebed 
|Her» very won Ut be iiijmortidifted in the j^jigca of the 
not yet mwcent Ptffich. Stnuigely etioagIi> I hiive never 
iiet loot in th^ favourite wat^rin^^-pluce dnce the spring 
of l^iK 

At Hi-me Hay we took Hteiimer for hondon. It 
viAn md On* ^ir^t tiim- that 1 Inid si'-ii the ^ loir.^L'* 
uf shipping in the Pool : ^incc it waA by the Thanle^ thdt 
we haa travelled to Boidojjno on our way to Paris in 
ISStf; hut it WM on the return journey tliat my o[deti;t 
lirotlier )M>iut44 out to iu« two objects which, I know 


^jL-i'K Liyfc asu Amf:yTt-i(£S^ 

not why, ul»ritiuatcly nfuao tu be orasi^d (rum my 
momory. One naA a long, low-built steamer; aud wlien 
I i»M<ji'eiitly fbiki'd wlien- her pHj^ldlt'-hoxi**! mij^hL be, I 
wjw told thai tlie vl'Sw.1 wji> pmiK^lloii by ini Aivlnnn?- 
d<!aii screw; iheutber wa,'ia^uilin;j; vessel, athrec-master 
with a IluLI, not bJ^ick, but muchly dtitb, and cluse to her 
bowB wore |)iiintcd in rc<i, nud in very hir^<: churuclcr^, a 
broail Eirruvv uiid the %ure *' 11/' The throe-ruttstcr, my 
brother told me, vtrs a convict ship, Ilad ehi* any name, 
I wonder, be^defi '*I4*"? She liad a Hdiliii^ skipper, 
my hri^Uu-r contiiuii'd, but no oiiitaiu (.v>]|tiii;uidaiit ^ tlit- 
Haiierinti'tuknt ot tbc c^jiivicts bL^itig a surgeon in tbe 
Uajral Navy- 
After a few days spent In a very good liM^ 
telry, tUo "tioldcn Croas/" Charing Crow, unci j 
weuk iiL a boarding-houst-' in Pautcti Square, Hay-' 
niai'ket, when" our uightf^ were chiefly devoted to 
tbe active pui'jiuit of iu^octicide, we settlvnl dowu 
III cKir old hapjiy liuutini^ grotiml \u i\w Quudntut ; 
our itpartmciits being this time at tbc house of a 
stationer named Drewett. There 1 made ac()uaiDtaiice 
with a mo^t in^'einouti maclaii*; for cutting' enveloped, 
which jujw universrdly usod iiccop^sories to corrj^|>oiid- 
cnco Were, until the peuuy pjstairc* system b^camo 
firmly established, very rarely made use of. In the 
day?* hi^rore etiwluiK^?*, |H'o[jI' whu bjid mtv -^hort 
<.■pl^tle^ to wiiU-, and who did nui care »buub Jtvotuig 
a wbok' sheet ol jjaper to the purpose, iistd to double 
up half a sheet, acribble tbcir commumcatious there- 
upon, and fold up the mi«6ive in a triangular form: 
the baHe bciui* considerably longer thiui the ^idorf, 
These trliuigular letters ivhich, if dexterously folded, 
could be fceCLU'ely sealed or wafured, were known as 
" eockeil-hat noten " ; huL they were vait^lj jwitcd. 
With the iiiU'odiiction of adhesive i»ostjigc-stani[i3 aud 
cheap postage itself, came another great revolution in 
the national correspondence. Peers and Members of 


BJCK JX Loxnox. 


IWIumieiit wert* iiu Ioii^lt iiii[ji>rtu»^(1 fur "frauk?^' — 
Mn^ their ajitij^rujiliM afvi-riug tlu> e(wt of pusUigp; 
iml tlir " fmnlc-tLtiiiU'i' ' pntcliriillj' [liKiji|M'*Hrvt1. tti be 
rcsiiJM:iUtc<I, liowovcr. in atiotlicr iiiairimtioii ii4 the 
preeent iwid cquiilly ohjcctioDable Auto^nipli Fiend, 
In the conrsi' of 181:3 wo saw ;i cveut deal of tlic 
liglitful I^i.^h cum]Ki«C'r Michael William \hdte and 
wif« nnd finjiily, who ocuupiinl the cppor pitrt 
a house in Conihiit Street DaUe was oscillating 
the lime between Lamlmi and Paiis, in which la*t- 
«ity, in l^4i, he produced hi» opera Le Ptfii^ 
-fmonr: tlie libretto bL'ing written by MM- Senbe 
and Saint Geoi'gcs, JVIadamo Lina Bulfe. the com- 
poeerV wife, u-as a stately lady of Hungarian extrac- 
limi, and had been originally a professional cfutfatrict* : 
»h<? Inid, hijwi'vrr, lung lelt the openitic stuge : uiid, 
apart from the loving care which she bestowed on 
her youn^ children, her pi-inclpjil oficnpation in life 
»e4'fni-d U> \iv that of hv\\\^ jealouh of iiiUfc, w1k», 1 
jun afiuid, sn^vc hiT phuty t>f cuu»e for li^tonini^ to 
the proinptint^ oT the ^reoneyed monTit^'r. ft mii^^t 
TO been towards the end ut l**!! that 1 h<Mrd Calfe 
in \\\% uwik oi^n-A erf Kfuhrnflif at the English Opera 
cMiw — at pn*i*fnt the liyi'riiiii — irf which h*' wan 
then the lesser. The bpcciihiticm vta^ a dina^tron^ 
on« ; and llalft! lo<)t all thi' money he had made, and 
^t licaviiy into debt, heftido:^. He hiid, when I lireft 
ktww him, tliree ehildpL^ri : Louisa, who afU^rwanls 
mtUTied n German ;,^entleinun named Belirend ; Vic- 
torian who had a veiy sweet voice, but one, perhaps, 
not ipiite ^tron^ euoa<^li for the- lyrii: Khi^c, :ind \\\\\t 
mameil rri>t Kir Jjhn Or;tiiipton, H.K,K1/s Minister 
St^ I'ctcr^hm^' — he had previouriJy hc^n Mini4t4?r 
WHshin;;t*-iu, ami I knew him afterwards as Minister 
t Madrid — and, secondly, the Duho of Krias, a grandee 
^^pain, of the very blnrxt blood, whose tather had 
;*«n Amba^^iilor tJxtraurdinury to KngJand ut the 



Coronation of Queen Victoria. When I went to 
Madrid id 18G5 and renewed ray acquaintance with 
" Vicky," now become a duchese, I was taken over 
the stables at the Duke's palatial residence, and there 
I was shown the cochG de gala^ the splendidl}' decorated 
state carri^e in which the Ambassador Extraordinary 
had ridden to Westminster Abhey. 

Louisa and Victoria Balfe were the playmates of 
iny sister and myself. There was also in 1842-3 a 
little mite of a son, known in the nursery as " Boy/' 
but who, according to his baptismal certificate, was 
Michael William Balfe. He obtained in early man- 
hood a commission in the Indian Army, but to jud^ 
from certain distressing circumstances recently made 
public, Fortune consistently refused to smile on Mr- 
Michael William Balfe, who appears to have been 
in many respects a counterpart of the fabled " Murad 
the Unlucky.'' 

Although my mother had retained much of 
her aristocratic connection as a teacher of singing, 
the poor gentlewoman naturally could not help 
her pupils getting married; and somehow or another, 
the coming race of young ladies of fashion pre- 
ferred, as a rule, foreign singing-masters to English 
singing-mistresses. Consequently, her health being 
now completely restored, she thought that she would 
go back to that stage which she had loved so well; and 
she found a pleasant opportunity for the exercise both 
of her dramatic and her lyrical talents in the Princess's 
Theatre, Oxford Street, under the lesseeship and manage- 
ment of Mr. John Medex MaddoK. Mr. Maddox was a 
Jew of most Judaical aspect and intonation, whose real 
name was Medex : the " Maddox '' being an ornamental 
snfSx, added for purposes best known to himself. His 
brother, Mr, Samuel Medex, familiarly termed *'Sam/' 
kept a cigar shop in Oxford Street, directly opposite 
the Princess's Theatre; and this warehouse, during the 




a rroort for singers ami acUirs ah KiljiackV *' l>lvan '* 
in King Street, Coveiit GiirJcn, wiw f^ir ucturfj and 
joiirnolUt^- TIk' ori^iDul Princes-s's Tlicutrc. wliicb 
hoK btK-n in muiU'Tii tim^^ rilmo^t entirely reconstructed^ 
wms built from the detii^s of tlie late Marsh Xelson, 
UiG ardiitt'ci of tin* Junior l7niU*il St^rvire (lull 
aiid of Lord Uotli?(cliilir# houw^ in Piarjulilljf', iiuil 
vrUom it was my I'>t many years afU*rwards to know 
}is u meoiber of the Hclorm Club. lie built tlu? 
Princess's for the famous HaniU^t — Thackeray's "Mr. 
Poloniuji*' — the Mlv<»rfiuiith of Ci'anbuurnc Alloy, who 
«iiiiumKl an iiniiu-iivc fortuue. but niitd^Ued it »way iu 
i]imBtrou>i bpE^ul^tious : Hinong wliidi was a lai^ bi- 
Vf«(it>eni in Uoyal IloiuU whn*.li wer*- iieviT pui(],aii<l 
wEio died at lust a brother <»r i\ie (*iian.f*r House?. 

That veuiraUc [crundation, half almshouse, half 
«;hool, has been a haven of refit to many notable 

;[»i^«nageft wlioni 1 rpmember well Thei'o die<l 
[oQcrirH* the author of innumerable dramatic picoei^, 
Hud tin? aflapUT kj tin- i<tiigi* oi' Fii-rct' Hfj;aij'« Lr/e 
in I^mliftt : tlieie, too, e<ndm1 liin days in peace 
UadiAOn Mort^iii, the author, or rather the adapter 
from the French, of the screaming f^iKe YW <rad fW. 
Tn the Churt^T House likewise found rcfu|^ Monk 
Ma>on, fiometime lessee of the Italian Opera ilou^t.^ and 
who aseended with Mr. CJreen iu tlie Nansaii Italloou 
on Iicr faniouii vi(yai;r iu the CVintint'nt- •lidni Sheeluui, 
■' {]w Iri>h \V[ii>iky-l»niiker " of tlw 7h^rp/r Har Mft^n- 
\ sine, became bImi in his declining years a brother of 
the Charter Hound; and finally anion^ the UarthuFtiaua 
within my ken wa;* l>r. UustavL' Ludwig Mont^Strautw^ 
im intimate early nfit^ociate of miut^' and the author of 
a diverting autobio^^raphy in which fiction is liberally 
mingled with fact, whieh he published under the 
pseudonvin of "Tin/ Old noliemiaii," The doctors 
itay ill the Charter Houm- was nut, I l)e1icvt% a r\^r^ 

1SI ^iAi^is hm: Axn ADrEyrunKt^. 

ynAou^eA uiie. I think that after u time he jjryw 
wear}' of *' Chapel " twice* a day, and dinner in Hall, 
ani tlic It>i)^ hhtck eloitk ; niid I \vi\vt U'eu told that 
hr '• n.iTimmk'il iind out." 

The l*niicirM\ ttliich cx*s{. ni'arly £50,(HJO aiid 
achieved the ruin of IIjiiuK-I, liail been turned to many 
uses hL-forc it -was Uki'n by Mjid(kix> A 8crie» ot' 
Promcoade C<jnoL*rtfi mis t^ivcii thi^rc under thi* direo* 
tion of » well-known muRiciun nam^ Eliason while we 
were in FrnuL^p ; tho conctM'ts were not reniunerative, 
;nul whiMi \\r nunc l^ju*!; tlu' huKllonl !i<'Ofneil ti> hjive 
KO entirc-Iy iiWtkIoikuI the hope uF letting the jirvmiMrAr 
that permi»siun had heen given to an elderly female, 
who dealt in kt-tt]e*holder»> dog-collars corkscrevi^. 
MCiBHori;, mid p<raknivi*t^, and r«ticli stimll wun.'$, to stretch 
lK:r stall right acroHi^ the principal door of «ntrun<fe 
ia Oxford Street. 

How Maildox sirrapod Logetiier sufScieiit money 
111 iipcn thp Priju't'^r*'* wa-* n tnysU^ry. FIi- had h-d a 
i-oviiig kind of lifo as stage-mannger. actiutr-uiuna^cr 
and agont-iii-advance ; and in the last-named capacity 
had travt'lkd with an Kn^lii^h ain^t^r whc, at one 
time, enjoyed c^jiiBidcriiljle t^elebrity. Tliiw iady wais 
known as Madame Feron — who had boon formerly 
prhta ihmtQ ativofuta at I^a Scala at Milan. 1 
read uf her as giving lier serviceh at the farewell 
Ifenefit uf Joseph GrirnaUli, tfie pecrl«fl» clown; and, 
ii^'aiii. I note a kindly allusion to her talent w^ Mrs, 
Feron tiloasop in the recently published " Correspond- 
ence of Mr. Jckylh" She married, indeed^ early in 
life a Mr (Jlos^op, the lojsM'e of the disestahtishod 
Vi<.'t<.>ri!t Theatre, at thL» eornor of tin.- Xiw Cut aiKl 
^^^BflBB Waterloo Itoad^ i^Ti'luni- I'Vron wil« tiie gmiid- 
^^^^Kolher of Sir An^iii<ttn« ihiriiM. 

1 1 liave au idcM that Duke Charles of UniUi^wick, 

I a j^itllicieutly notorious clmractcr in London at this 

I |)eriud, lent Maddox enough canh to tide over the iirHt 

ifAor< IX Loynox. 


few fiiontltM of iii« iTUiim^cmrMt. Th*.' Duke, who liud 
been Wmt out of Iub cnpit-jil and liia clucliy U> boot, by 
his insuivent subjecU, shortly after the French Revolu* 
tion of Ih:JO, w:« ;i v<*ry tiiU, liiMvily wliiv^kt^n^cl siiul 
mon^ic'biix-il [lersoimgL^ iif Imnghty bfiiriiig mid ilr- 
eidedly iiiipmpoftAesiiiiig mien, lie dyed liis hflu* and 
he mnged, I u?*i*d often U> see liini ftinlking about, 
atVnded by a Ot-nnan t'qucrry, bt-hind the seenos of the 
PriiiWT^NSi iind about l^t/, aUhoufjh I did not como 
in immediate perscnal contact with him, I executed for 
hJQi an ni'ti^ti^ fronimissinn to whioh I shall have here- 
aft^^r ori'-Uston to n»fi*r, ii\u\ whicli wu* of » M>riii<wUat 
rvmarkiible imtiire, Whut'vcr it wns tluit Funiishf.'d 
Maddox with the necessary funds, liP duly opened the 
ibcfttre with tlie ojicra <'f f^a Sffiu/fmihiflft and a bur* 
k^ue on sorut? Oric^ntnl to]nc iu whtth tht* heroine — 
or, rather, hero — in a velvet tunit? and tights, wa« a 
|jlump little lady with a nudodions contralto voice who 
was the wifi' of Mr 11. P. Gr;ittan, poiiuhirly known 
ju« *' H^irry/^ iin iif.dur, dnirimitsd^, jfuiriiulist, ii.rnl roitiit; 
writrr, who tt-iw one of the? earliest nicnibei^ *>f the 
Punch stall", and, according to his own showing, wrote n 
considcmble jjortion of the first number of F*tiifh'» 
Jl4^tta<ifk in the cool st>chi^ion of tlie Kl^'et Prison, 
The majority of men of letters in those day* were from 
Hme to time involuatary boai-ders nnd lodgers tn the 
Fleet or in tin.' Queens Ri*ni^li. Whiterross Stre4?t 
Uiey enchewed lUi l«w. The burle^tpie w^to pTetflceil 
by Ueliini'a €vcr-delightful opera, in which my mother 
woa to havo played the part of Lisan but at th^^ last 
moment Madiinic Fcron asserted her supremacy a*! 
an tX'prma-fhnna oteohin; and she, instead of my 
mother, impersonated th*> part in question, Wbn the 
Amina and who the Kivino were I fnil to renienihr'r; 
but (Toiint Kodolfo wan pluyeil hy Weisa, who wha 
afterwards the intimate^ friend uf my brother and 
myself. Ue waa a very hamlmmf^ mmi \ but in Imn 


early manhood so exceedingly thin that lie was com- 
pelled to wear what in theatrical parlance is known 
a« a "shape'* — a complete suit of padding from 
neck to ankle^!, worn next to the skin. One night he 
was plaj'ing in an opera in which he wore flowing 
robes; and was consequently able to dispense with 
liis suit of padding. An inquisitive little ballet-girl 
thought that she would like to have a peep into 
ilr, Weiss s dressing-room ; and Joe, the call-boy, 
ascending the stairs, heard an appalling shriek, and 
saw the inquisitive coryphee rush from the room, 
throwing up her arms in a spasm of terror. She 
had seen Weiss's "shape'' banging up behind the 
door, and thought that the 6aJiso had banged 

For about a year it was my privilege — as it was, 
loa^o interoallo, that of Duke Charles of Brunswick — te 
saunter almost every night behind the scenes of the 
Princess's Theatre. I must have been an odd-looking 
boy ; for I remember that I wore a blue-cloth cap with 
a peak and a long silk tassel, and a cloak. I bated 
that cloak ; although it was a handsome garment of 
very fine broadcloth, with a velvet collar and a brass 
agrafe. It wa« lined with scarlet ; and that lining I was 
always i^nisingly anxious to keep from public view. 
The abhorred mantle bad, in fact, been presented 
to my mother by an officer who had served in the 
Diitish Legion in Spain, and the cloak had been cut 
down to suit niy stature ; but my parent had in- 
rtexjhly refused to have the scarlet lining replaced by 
one of soberer hue. She said that it ought to make 
me feel martial. It made me, on the contrary, feel 

The chief feature of the management of Mr. Maddox 
was the production of English versions of Italian 
operas : thus he produced adaptations of Anna Bolena, 
Lifcia (U Lammcniioory OtheliOy I Pyrilani^ and Lucrezia 



lior^itt. Ill i\\e Wt-iiamed, Mnffto OriiNii hjln [»Iiijcc1 
by Mrs. H. V. Graltan; tlie /'nwrn rfonfff? was Mnvliimc^ 
Evclinrt (lurcia, and. later on. the fascinating Anna 
Ttiilion. whi> created auito t^ faror^ in tlic opera of tlie 
Crewn Ifiamont/j', Tno tenoni were tlmsc coinpotont 

ipli«lj wini;*^r* — Tcitiplctiin ari<l Alk»ii. ^latldox 
rpr06pen?d, aiul ^r;vliiiilly inhtr^^od his spht^re oE opera- 
tiowL AlWrb Sinitik, Clmrles baiic<'. Ami CUiir\v% l^mh 
K«'iint»y vrrctte citlier singly, or in cnliiiijoratSoM, tliL- 
i.'hn»tnia«, EhsUt, an<i Wliits^iriticle exhavagan/ds ; Ijiit 
IhD astut<^ manafrcr shrank from the mk aud the 
ex]wn'**> attrn{iant <m tlip prodaction oE a ChristinHs 
Miitumiiii<v l\ii was not averse, haw<*vor, fruiii pay- 
iDf? f^ood 3(al;tn(^ U> imt^nxiv En^IUh ooiDodian^ — m 
parliculiir, Mr. niid Mrw, Ivo'.-lij drew crowds to the 
thfiiln*, a^ did aWi that droUt-st uf h»w (;uriit*diuiLs 
Wright. jiftrrwariU to be so closely -uid hrillijiiitly 

jociatM with the fortuoc?' of tlic Adclphi- Middle- 

jd playgoers, who reinoinher with delight Charles 
Math^'ivs ill U^i'i^ (pt will smile, perluips incredulously. 
vhen 1 tvll tln*m tliat the first Kn^dish traui^lation of 
the Prehtdi ViUidt-vilK*, L'Utmimf />//iV, wiis brou^dit out 
at the Princess' 'i in lS4i*;i: — theprwiiraorof SirCharWs 
('nliUhciim hi'iii^' playt^rl hy Wrigfit, who, J remPinhor, ini 
tlje fil^t Tii*(]it, Ujrrowcil a parr of trousers of the Uoyal 
Btuart tartan puttern, from the ^till living Walter Lacy : 
tlio»e rubicund pantaloous W\ui^ considered to he just 
the kind of jjarment that would he worn by a gentle- 
man of fnsliion. Among the operatic memorii'»^ of thi«, 
my first stage of eiipericni^r' at IIim friiircss's, I may 
mi^ition that a brief ca^iii^cmcnt was fultilled by 
Mr. ant) Mm. Wood. The gentleman waa a Uaoic 
robasto : the lady, nft Misfl Faton. had been a famous 
soprucio, and bad married I*ord WiUium Pitt licnD;>x, 
from whom ftbo wa€ divorctd. 

AH lhi» time, tJie — to me very iitiportnni-— question 
to what kiiid of Kugliah hcbool I wa* to lx» sent, 



wiu being at inUTvjiU debuted. To s^itic school it watt 
abcwluU^ly tioot'SMiry tbat i Khoiild bo despatched, for 
I was rauntn^f, iDtelleotaally, to seed. My sii>ter luid 
lc(t Mrs. JohiiHon's, snd was completing lier tmiiiiof^ 
aft A gm I'rru'NM, with twi» woiuli<i-fij1 old ir^iJd.^, wbu 
live<l in Great Uusm*II Street, HWitisbury, und who 
SMned to know everything under the sun — miieic. 
longfuagos, drawing, painting, embroidery, arithttKHic, 
liiwtory, nnd the bilic^ if^irce. They only took private 
nipil)^ ; and their cla«>;f?^ u«v^ ex(.*oed@(l six in ni:mbc*r. 
i^uppo^e they tuok them " hot and hot " one conn* 
up, tfi« other go down. In the^T duyx I iipprvhtmd 
iht'y would i>p i':i.l[iil "" <^r.itinn«»rs '^ ; hut Ihrir enuiining 
was certainly ol' the luott judiciouH and skilful nature. 
They lived in good style, and k(*pt their carriage. I 
wonder whether there nri^ any such huly -crammers 
nowadays, or whether tliey hiive been snuffed out by 
ladioA* colle^eu, girls' high-8clioole, and loeal uiiivoi'^ity 

At ;dl ovinU, my %\^t\:^y hud im lon^i'r siny tinif' 
U\ attend to nie. At the txpinUion cif Iwt thn*e 
months' cramming — or, sup{H>se we adl it iKdiah* 
ing. or tinishing, or, a^ the dentist* say. "fine- 
Atting" — «he ohtainetl a jK^wt as govemeft* in the 
family of » Mr Hiipe, a MemW ol" I*arliamenl, 
who was Under Secretary uE Stwtc i'or thu Home 
l>epiirtuiejit. Slif used oFt«a to Uike h«r young 
pn|kil-% til play in tliv? tnirloKnl ganlrn nf Hamilton 
Place, l\irk Lane . und among tlio an»U>cratio 
young ladicd who ocuuionally visited tli€ verdant 
plearaunce, now diuligui^d by the atrocious liyron 
Memorial— I wa* a member of the committee of 
tliat lamGntablj^'tfSEf— wau thtr young IViuces* Mary 
of Cambridge, iioiv I>uchess of Tecl. 

For my ehli-sl hmtlier, m^ mother h;ul purchased 
Uie goutlwill i>f the pra<;tLce of a t<*ucber of Ul6 piano- 
forte, at High Wycorabc, Hacks, My brother Cliarlca 

SAUK jjiT wyi^oy. 


hiid obtaineil :m eafii^i;t-meiit at tho TliLnitre Itoyal, 
Dublin, under the mana^moiit of Mr. Calorafti and 
tny brtjtliiT AlU^rt IiileI i^tiui' tn m^M- Hh IlisL tx]»ri- 
enw* of naut'ioiLl liU* umjh *rnro*.Oy a rrASsurinj^ imi\ 1 lo 
wvnt out in a iitKip-ship bt^Iongiag to tUv w^^likiiown 
hipownor, Mr. Softiin^_^, tho inventor of the* inariuo 
glut'. The vessel wa.s calli'cl the Afiffcmuthti Hohin9Qn^ 
find wn« bound (or [ndU; hat A\\^ w;ls wreektjd in 
Al;r<'[% l}a.y. fortunately without iiiiy smoii:^ Io^>e of Ufa 
tulcing place. 

It vrill thuM b«( Hf>fii th»t. at tli4? iige nf nearly 
finirtivn, I wii> I'-ft rilfm»st nitinOy t" my *jwii devkes. 
At night 1 was gcnciully behind tho sccnus, wntcliiug 
tho prrfonaancM^a from the** wing**, "and waHioLf \x> t^ko 
my mother homo. In our Oiirly youth my "lather bad 
all her uhildri^n tftuirbt ^yi^tomitieally and :irtistic;il!y to 
cook; and I bud ^<^-m-niliy prep:iTed our suppt^r bi'fiin* I 
CJUni* down to the the^itn^ ; nnil ull we biul to du on our 
rrtura was to give our liMJi^ plati^ a linal hoilup. The 
Balfes li&d gone fibroad ; iind I hiul not a single boyish 
piftymato <>r crony One littlt- lady W\^\\\ I liad, the 
sin^arly beautiful daughter of Madame A^klaide, and 
grAnd-dauj?ht«r of Madame Michau. imntioncd in th« 
early [ici^»-?t of thin hook, Kos;i, or Uoiii;i (Inyon 
La Thtenv t n'iwi vdraiMuuhlyj ii*'t iml v Umks, out 
such nrwwpapfrs us I could aflbrd to buy out of my 
|)Ockel'money, The fimn won obvioii«ly beyi>nd my 
mennif; but 1 iiivestc'd every week in the Stfiuhiy 7hffc» 
jind the //V*/y Ik'fpaUk ; and when tho I//in*/ratttd 
Lcmdoxt NfiCM m:uli» it« appearand', I nse<h if I had been 
*■ tipped" by either of my kind cou^ins» to htiy u <H*jiy of 
that wonderful picture -paper. Of the Pr^ny Magazine 
and th<- SniarJn^ Muf/fiziur I hail l>een n constuiit 
purchoM^r, before' wi^ went t«j Pari^^; ^'^ also of scai« 
periodical whioh mainly existed on piracy upon the 
teAding novelists and tale-writers of the *lay ; but 
what I chiefly priz«d was a twopenny weekly with 


splendidly vigorous woodcut illugtrations, drawn, a^ well 
as engraved, bj cue Samuel Williams. One of these 
periodicals, J tliink, was called the Olio, and another 

I repeat that I was running intellectually to seed 
for the want of proper scholastic teaching. Of the 
rules of English grammar I knew positively nothing, 
and I do not know six of those rules, now. I held on 
to my Greek ; but my knowledge of Latin wa.«i rapidly 
skating away from me; and, to sum up the unsatis- 
factory state of my culture, I knew a great deal too 
much French' Such English as I could write was 
disfigured by Gallicisms ; and the iirst week that I did 
spend at an English school, I waa severely reprimanded 
for having threatened to "throw by the window" a 
boy, who had called me a " mangy French poodle," As 
my career was to be an English, uid not a foreign one, 
it was clear that my learning good English had come to 
be a case of then or never; and, after much hesitation, 
an English school was found for me. 




thn fii'linnl'AlhliTitu » Wm^i* of 'nnw— Whnj*' tlirt llrtlli* i>f 
»rtB aijt Wtrti— A Tut Puncinie %tH"ti>r Hr^l liifi Mt'LliiHl—A Visit 

It tunied out to be tU<^ VL>ry kind uf sclioo] far whicli my 
fou) Iiad inslinctively yearnod. The Principal wasaMr. 
John Godfi"i?y Dyiie^ who oc€U|jied a I'dv^e m»n^ion called 
Rultoil Hoii-sr, Tiirnhnm (lii-cii, ^tiiI lii< diilrlK'd hi^ 
school li " PcstaloK/inn " one. The srliuliv^tic »y»k'ii] 
puTBitcd by Mr. l>yne had tliu» mucli in common with 
the mc'thitd of the bf-nt-ticent educationist of Zilrich, 
that itfl basis woct intuition ; that i» to say, education 
thmii^^li tilt fW[)M>>i iuiinediutely from the objeet!i: it 
mc^iinLgt^ M«lf-d4'velupTUL*tit, iuk<l w;i>i Ktrict in dis- 
FP^ardiiig aW urbitrary iind unreaKuniiig in^ructiou or 
acijui^itioii. Thfit" wert* plenty of rewards attainabl«^ 
for industry and ^od comltict. utid tiitre watf no 
Borpoml punisIimcDt. I um sorry to «ay that I ocily 

Diaiiicd at Um excollcnt tchoul for twtlve mouthi;, 
nd that I lel't it before my eduuntiun was even near 
completion. A. decent uniouut of clasbical instruction 
WHM iiii|jiirt<'d : our Latin iniiHter lieiiig an n\fi>ri( ina-ti, 
Cttmed Itijbcrtft, whose father held an important ]>ost IE 
tlic War (.mice, French and German wore tangbt by 
iO Alwitian ^ntlcman, nanic-d <loetz; and I always 
n^ed to keep a g<:M>d pluc<^ in the German olaj^s, 
^tlthoLi^li, I iituit fr;Lnk)y admit tliat I hav<f iiovijir 
CeA»ed to ent^'rtuin the ]]velie«t ili-t^'Htation for the 

eiitonic tongue. 
W€ had a uia*ter for drawing, paintio^ 


inodi^llin^; and the ^eater number of the boys followed 
HOine liandicnift or occupation out of school hours. 
Some cnltivatcd their little plots of garden ground; others 
worked in the chemical laboratory, wliere^ if they did 
manage to stain tlieir fingers all the hues of the rain- 
bow, or burn holes in their pocket-handkerchiefs and 
cnffs hy means of strong acids, they gathered at lea^^t 
some inklings of the ma^ic science. There were 
carix*nterj4 and joinei's, and miniature coachbuilders ; 
and my special work out of school was copying music. 
We learned singing hy the "Hutlah system," which 
was then enjoying immense popularity in England i 
although musicians of the old Rchool were apt to sneer 
at it as the '* Hullah-bulloo " way of teaching singing ; 
but we managed, nevertheless, to sing in good time and 
tune such pieces as the " Hallelujah Chorus," such glees 
as "Here in cool Grot/' and '^ When Winds breathe 
soft/' and a few humorous catches, such as, "All! 
how, Sophia, can you grieve ? " 'llie transmutation of 
our, " How. Sophia ? " to a " House on fire," and of 
"Go fetch the Indian's borrowed plumes" to "Go 
fetch the engines," used to tickle our boyish fancies 

The parts to be sung were copied out with 
reed pens and thick Japan ink, on large sheets 
of cardboard i the process was, in fact, more like 
painting than writing, seeing that the crotchets and 
quavers were at least two inches and a-hal£ in height, 
and the minims as big as hen's eggs. Then we had a 
violin class, in which I fear that I never got beyond 
the first two notes of " God Save the Queen " ; not«s 
which are, I believe, identical ^ but good Mr. Dyne, 
true to his Pestaloazian traditions, forbore to foree upon 
me the study of an art in which, had its first principles 
been instilled into me in childhood. I might possibly 
have excelled, So, as in the celebrated case of the 
decease of I'ncle Ned, " I hung up the fiddle aad the 

bow/' and devoted myself daring the musie-practuitiff 
houre to tJie ptii^iuilof my Wlnvitl pr.wtlc;il j^onu^try- 
In ituhWHii^, I iiiinlc a couhkI^tjiIjIc adv^mee. It 
occurred to Mr. Dy^oe to adii a portico of Ureciao 
deai^ to Bolton Uou^^; ami 1 \\nd tlie high houour of 
being allowed to m-jilvl tho ligiiros in tiu' podinient; 
ttte«« liguro^ hains ^tl^TsvarJ^ reproduced lu Koruan 
oemoDt The gmup wfncli I produced represented 
Mioena. in i^ headJrei*?* stroui^'Iy rt?s<*inbling a fire- 
]iian*j4 h^luiei, witJi u lunik in mio lunula anil ;i lann?l 
crovrn in the oilier, rewiirding a numboi' of studious 
»:1ioolboys in round jackets and lie-Uosvn colUui* ; but 
uB the sides of the triangle (HTni]^^hed in width, the 
youtliful devotees in learning had flrt^t to lose thi^r 
anu*, aod tlKn their k*\;^, sind uUiiniit*'ly assumed 
iht* similit-ude u[ cherulu without win^<i. 1 would 

fire Honiiething to see that pediment now; hut, ah, ni« I 
loHcMi IIouMO Iia^ long KUtctr Iier^n diMiUili^linl, and 
iliuLTva iind the schoolboys were, I siispc<;t, pojiudod 
down into powder (or the niakiu^ of fresh cement. So 
Tuna the world away. My early knowledge of the 
ti^chniad procen^ Atood ni«*, however, in good stead 
wlien, many yciirn olUTwanU. I wa» examined u« a 
widwTw in the eelehrated Hell IiIkI eiiM.'. 

We played at fives and rooudcn* iiud trap-hat- at id* 
ball; but only rai^Iy did we repair to a field between 
Ettling and Aetoii to jjlay cricket. Our chief outdf;or 
reciMtion wai^ u gyninj^^tnu, set itp in the iiiidillij of the 
0paoiou8 playground ; the principal uppLirutos beiDg a 
stracture of timber, very umcli like an uinisuaUy tall 
ga]lovv^, with ail iinUhu;tny lung eru>^*heai]i , Jtnd this 
erection cuiiipri:sed a thick and a thin |>o1e. a ^winging 
|>ole< a knot^rd rope for clinihiug. and i^araJIel han at 
diSereut altitudea, to sh\ing froin. I never liked 
nthlettC8, which, in the darknoiw of my mind, I re* 
giirdcHl, anfl wtill n.^g-.inl, a« mainly a wiwti.* of tiiiKT; 
nor do I believe thai the great JJukc of WelHugton 


ever said, or ever meant H iF he did Ha>' it. that the 
Dattle of Waterloo wba v/oii in the plaving-Gelds of 
Eton; because, as cv^rybodj' know*, th-"' illustrious 
Arthur WoIIcj*ley wjw removed from Ktori uadcr 
somewhat peculiar circtimi^taiicf*!*, and com[ilct<*d hi« 
ediic^itton at the Military School of Anjfeis, in France. 

The heroic Piiijei, rlir! of TTxhriilge at Waterloo, 
and aft4'rtt'ard--i Murquis of Anglesey, was a West- 
minster hoy . thf? wtcni I'lcton vi-ii?« not tA any public 
9;i!hou] ; find Jlarditi^^L*, the most di>^tin^uialK'd Etonian 
— next to the Dnke^who jou^ht in the immoi't^d 
(:an)pai{^n of ISI5, lo^t Wm K^ft hand at Litrny, and waf* 
rjirt |»r<^4ieiit iLt WalvrkKj ;it iill. The privati* sithlierx 
in the Ihike's army of ttie 15th Jnnti werp cprUtinly 
not Etonians, and the young GnaixUmen who were on 
the lield. iind were i'reah from the historic seminary 
supposed to be hannt<'d by "HcuiyV Holy Shade," liad 
no more to do ^ith winnirif^ the hattle than tho 
midMhipineij on board the f'ktfjnj had to do with 
winnini^ Trafalgar. Waterloo wiia won by the geniuti 
of the Ort^at Capl»iD of tbi* Age ; by the prudeQ;!e and 
pron»ptitnde of his ^i^nerals, and by the valour of his 
soldier?} of oil ranks, ^ectlc and simple. 

Wc all leurnt dancing at Bolton Honsc, Jnst as I 
bad done at my pfn»iiiit in PariK ; n»y French instructor 
having been a wtotit professor, named Hoizot, who taught 
Imm piipiU tu keep tinu- in wultitiii^ l^y K'^'I'l^'^'K t''"^*"" 
round the waist with ht» two bmiy hHnd^, i\» in nn iron 
vice, and clamping on their feet if they made a false 
step. He wiuH a shorts fttunly man, with very long 
anne, and had. oorsequently. a good "purchase" on 
the tallcF^t boyb. At Bolton Eiou&e our damping mab-t<>r 
wati a tiill thin individual of melancholy mien. Hifl 
name was Tompkinn : and one of our fellowH, coming 
to Kehoid ;trf^r the hnltdEt^H, Iniinght with lurn the 
ciditninion^ talc which he had somrwh^-ii* pif^kwl np 
that the dancing master wns known in professional 

BQLTOX irOUSK. TimXtlAM r;«A'A".V. 


circle* iLM "hyWR Tompkios," He never told ub any 
fib that 1 am aware of; but give a do^ a bad name, 
aa<] Tou may an well liiin^ )uni. 

Th«ri% t^irvaitiTt to rtL-iiiion jl linal \U.n\ in Uw 
curriculum of onr studies. At loast tmce a week we 
acted stage-pluy^j ; and for a uiontL before the annual 
examination wc had u reht-ar.Hal alniovt i;vory day. 
Sbakes|>earvan tuition was inipiirtcd to m by a Mr. 
OtMfay, wlio wa.<, I bclicvt*, a ^^fiitlemiin o\' iu(U*ptind<.*nt 
incaru, with a cnizv lor uctiiig. He wm un L^uvlbnt 
«-locutioniat, and hi? rant^. Tin? Ku^'li^h play rtelecttnl 
lor tli*^ Mldniiiinnrr (-xAiiiii^aiion wiv< JiiHuh Crtftar, 
which wc ptrfgrmed in its entirety i then came the 
whole of Moli^rc'^ Mcdeciu malgrc i/ei ; thou the whole 
o( Schiller's ffV/iam T(fli m German, and finally, 
ielection* from tht> Jtfefpfii of Terence in Latin, and 
from tli« Khrfra of Sophocles in Greek, in which I 
played thi' IVda^'ogue. In a grim spirit of humour our 
preceptor allotted to the biggewt dunce in the school 
Ihe part of Fyladct*. who, from the bi-t^inning to the end 
<»f the play, persistently hold^^ hia tongue. He Wiis a 
^■Dod- looking dunce, and when u selection from the 
Eteetra was performed in public made quite a aensjx- 
tion amon^ the ladies. It was certaiidy not from the 

tKffiWf^iuti of atiy draumliE'- fUrulLy tif my iiwa that 
. WW singled out to take a cottapicuous piirt in 
these examiQdtion theatrical^: but I hml a turn for 
longuagCH, a good n^emory, and a K&onunt voice; and 
ooiksc<ttiently I wjls vtisi to pluy Urutus in Jufiun CaJtat^ 
SgaiMiJvlI<j ip the Mc(/':d/i /t'o/t/r*' fiti, anil William 
Tell in Schiller'^ mablerpiece. In the seleutiou from 
Terence I played a very minor part. 

A fortiu^it lirlum the examination all the boya 
who wtTc to t«kc |mrt in -A/ifffl Ca^f/r were conveyed 
by ftpccially hired omnibus to Drury Lane Theatre, 
to witneMt the performanee of ^hakespoare'> >!tately 
tragedy. It was worth witnefiHing — magnificently 


worth witD^^*iiig — if c-niy from the acting point of 
vUrw. :oT the Bratu; of the even log was William 
Cbitr>* ilacrra*iy, and the Mark Antony was the 
btill liWc:: ilr. James Anders^>D. We were bitterly 
di^app<-:iite<i, when the tragedy had come to a close, at 
not beir^^r Allowed to remain X*^ i^ee Planch^'s extra\^a- 
gaD7a ijf Tt^ U'liiff Cat i still we were partially consoled 
for the deprivatiL^n hy the specially hired omnibus 
rtoppiD^r at a then well-known confectioner's sbop in 
Piccadilly, whert we were reeled with what schoolboys 
call a regular good ''tuck out/' What with sausage- 
rolls, Kath buns, plum cake, and Scotch shortbread, 
we did pretty well. Ginger beer and lemonade were 
liberally provided ; aud the principals, Brutus. CassiuB, 
Hark Antony, and Calphumia^tbe last a lubberly lad 
of fifteen — had the choice of a glass of port, or of one 
of cherry brandy. Brutus preferred port. 

In due time the public examination of the pnpils at 
Bolton House was held at the Hanover Square Booms 
— a roomy mansion, built late in the last century by Sir 
John Gallini, who amassed a large fortune as professor of 
dancing. With him, as I have said, my grandfather had 
K»en associated in the Terpsichorean department of the 
King's Theatre, in the Haymarket ; and he was one of 
my father's godfathers. At these same Hanover Square 
ICooms my mother gave many concerts; and I never 
pass the premises now^ — converted, I believe, into a 
cIuIj — without a melancholy feeling coming over me, 
Loiidoij, whi'u 1 do gaze upon it—which is rarely — seems 
to mc half ruin and half ffraveyard. Tlie great room in 
Hsinover Square was crowded by the parents, guardians, 
and friends of the boys ; and the examination was about 
the quoerest medley that it is possible to conceive. The 
whole school numbered fifty pupils, and thirty gave a 
pfrr'jrmiince on the violin; thus beating, by half-a- 
dozen, Tom Ingoldsby's " four-and-twenty fiddlers all in 
a row," who, under the guidance of Sir George Smart, 



WL'TP ^ai^^ hy Iho jiiiaginntivc ImrA to hiiv<^ ptajf^d a 
" coQ:«rU> ** nt ttic Con^iuitioD of CJiiccn Victors. 1 vyiw 
not one of the thirty lidillerr^ : l>iit I took my p»rt in tliu 
mitb«mattca] examination. wIucK mainly conflicted in 
chalking lines on ah jninieu^e bliickbonrd, und in 
gabbling iliruiigh n Itirge itiiuihcr of forimila* proving 
thftt the angle a b wiie L'i|nnl to tliL> ^tngle (^ ii, which 
moflt of ns. in our heart of hejirt«, gravely »us|:)ected 
not to be the ca^e- Then we sho^, or rather slLcutecl> 
U»c " Hiilkltijah Chorus/" mid '' WIrd VVindr4 breathe 
soil*'; und then b^^ivn the dminutiv pt^rformnnceii- 
We bad a good st^ge and » curtain; hut, following the 
Klixahetlian pri^oi'dpntj we diHppnscd with scen^ry. 

HtiL tiow i^aiiie thai wliirh wha tt? ine n vi^ry 
awkwurd diSiculby. That etuinent i^Dstumier. Mr. 
Nathan — I hope tlmt be, or tomt; of hij* descendant*, 
»rr atill carrying on ihi^ bu^inetttt. and are fiouriwiiing— 
ti^l be<^n eommtM»icned to t^upply tho drcsH*'^ lor Jtt)im 
Cmvir — the only pioc^' of tU<* evonint^ wliieli Wiw to he 
])layed In eh-mieter; and ou a long table, in an apart- 
EKM^nt which wsB to serve for the nonce stf* a dressing- 
roum, WiiM Itid nut a pioiuresifue arrAy i»f Uoiniin toga^s 
helmets, tunica bri^aatplutert, sauduU, and swords. Aty 
motbcT, however, Inul incsorabiy set her foce against 
what she ealled my playing \\i play-aetin^ : and 
although she relnutantly consented to my making 
mn «*loeutionary exliibitiini of TiiyNelf, h1h> difttinctly 
warned Mr iJyTie tlmt «he would not pjiy one i^in^Ie 
penny for the hire of any costume in which Mr, 
Hathan might, with the approbation of my o^lurol- 
master, choose to appare! me. 

What wa^ to W done? In the l&^t moni'jnt the 
resourceful Mr. Dyne, after persuading me to diveot 
myself of most of my raiment, threw a toga, which wa« 
very like a tahlechdh, over my f*ln>iildei> ; iiud my luwer 
eitj<.'niitieft being clul only in liijck* and Bliiirher hootn, 
ttey did very well, eli!u*s*if«lly, for bare leg* and 8andalp. 


The quarrel Kcono with Cn«Kiu»4 wa« u frmtt vucc^Ms; For 
ilio buy wlio pl»3'4'<:l CiL»i«lus wai» oni' of my tutifoate 
pnemie?4, and fre(ut4^[itlv ^ave expiv^tou in uii under* 
tone to liiH wifth Uiat it was nil nsil, and ili^it lit? omld 
puncli my Ikc^d tlu-Ti and tlii?re. In the t^d tht'rc 
waa »iich hearty appIuTir«c from tin: atidicncc thut the 
cleliffhtcd Mr. Dyne caught me up in his arms and 
carried me away to the refreshment- room, to rogalo 
me with a «}xjnj^e-cake and a j^loRS of i^herry ; biit 
I MM afraid that f-ri* thr audiiMicw had Wi sj^ht of 
lUf^, thi* tojrai hfid beromc dreadfully di»arraiiged, and 
ti>o much — with too little of the garments whidi 
[iliuuld hiive been above them — of the Kocka and 
Blucher boots hod bcoume vi-siblo. 

The part of an old man in the Latin pUy, and that 
of S^anarelle in the Medt^n maffrr ini^ and William 
Tell in SchilW* drama, we played in ordinary wvhool* 
Uvy dr^HM, Sj^iiari4li- wa;^ itll right, for I hiid fong 
been at homK with Moiiirc, but of U'r/Ziam Tt'U 1 am 
afraid I made a shocking mess, I know that on the 
following morning at breakfast Mr. tioet^, the Cierman 
mft&t<jr, quietly n*marked, " My gntt \K\y, you nmig at 
l^ast von ondvrd and vifty miataig^ la«t niglit/' I 
daresay that 1 madv two hundred : for, a^i I have more 
thari onr^' remarked, I have always entertained an 
ubntinaLe, and I nmy way. inveterate dislike for tlw 
uoblc. but to me harsh and austere, German language. 
I have been in love, in the course of my life, with a 
groat many ladies of a great many nationalities ; but 1 
;mi qiiiti^ Anre that I never made love in G-erman. I am 
firmly perNUiuU'd th;il if [ devoit**] thif m-it six months 
uf my life to a fri^sli course of " OllcndoriV' und a 
ww'kly perusal of (Joetii«'ft " Werthcr." I should not 
succeed in being amorous in the Teutonic tongue. 

But here I will make mention of what 1 may mil 
two aomowhat curious lingiiistie phenomena. I cun Atill 
repeat fluently T*dr« lent^thy speech, l>eifinning, "7J» uf 

bOLTOX mv^h:. rvRyuAM annsy. 


MirAf faafff her** although I am sure T Imx'e not o)>eD«d 
a volume of Schiller in the origin;il fur forty yt-arw. 
When, ii frv/ yeiLrs siinv, thr ;n]iiiinihli» Mcininm.Mi 
troop of actrora camt* to Drury Leiiii?, tbi^ principtil 
EDcmbcrif of the compiwiy were entcrtainctl by licnry 
Irviiiij at tho Lyceum ; and talkin;^ W that dirttinguished 
artist, Herr liarnay, I recited, right ot!', the !*i)e*?ch 
dLx:nj>tive of Toll niei^tin^ tht* hiiti?d AiU!;triaa, Wi'sojlcn 
HiiT Biinmy w;is ildigliU'il, iiiul prucpedod to adi]n.'ss 
me in coUoquial (ierman; but I ^hook my boad, and 
told him that DOt only wa& 1 unable to coRvei>e with 
liirn.hiit I scarcely iinderiitood whut lie said. Similurly, 
tln-re liii* iJi'x'er bcoii t'nieod from tny ni*.*iuory Uk* 
iiiipla<!uhle r^i^lVi iii tbtj lli^lit of the Frengh from 
Waterloo, of llie bbick Brunswicker, frum whom a 
Fn;iich sioldier l»egged tjuarter : — " Dfr ihizn^ mn 
Bra^itMchmffh/ tj^t fff/ffcrn //r/Ot/fi'fJ" aud wii siiying, liw 
cut tlic iVnchmwi down. Tlic merciless retort pro- 
bably dwclla in my memory becautic. from my youth 
apih^atds, I have been a hero-wurshipper of r*<apoIeoa 
tl)9 Great, and an earnest student of th^ minutest 
details of the WuIitIoo campai^in 


looked Ufl iiio»t Wt^^M* Enfl tailors tlo, quite tho fftiitlc* 
man, Wlien he camo to I-ondvn to <tnrt ia busiiwfet, be 
was accompanied by a f el low-country raaii, an iotimat^ 
fViend, nam^d John Macrone— as handiioino and intelli* 
l^^ni a yiiiinj; fcllnw il** ('ivlliii liiinsrlf vi\\%. Mv ttui^t 
EliK&'sliuslmncK1edical4*cl hi m^ii-lf to llkp Ml rtorinl culling ; 
Macrane. who had a smaJI cupital. rcsolvf^ to become a 
pubhiihcranr) w**nt into partnership with a Mr. CoohnLiic 
in Wnt^rloo Plac^, '^^Miile Crellin had been cotirtini^ 
my Aunt Eliza, youn^ Mth Macmn.? had been w(X)iiig 
hor ginl(?r» my Aunt Sopitiu ; bnt the match never cam^ 
off, and Maerone married another lady, by whom hp Iiail 
sk raniily. 

I'rior, however, to the rupture of tlie tender rela- 
tions between young Mr Mncronc and Miss S<^hift 
Rahi — thiw was, t tbinfc, in 1S3(J- — he, finding that 
the capital of the publishing firm was urjffntly in 
n?ed of eipanition, borrowed from Ml#s Sala tin? 
hUTTi of ('tOn ; uiid T helii'Vi* t.lnit a eaTmidt^rubl^ 
portion of this money WL*nt to pay Charles Dickena 
for the copyriffht of "Sketches by Boa." With the 
flnbReqiient <Jealin£fa between Diokeaa and Macr<.>nc I 
hav** nothing to do. Thoy are fully ft>t f<»rt!i iu Mr. 
For>iter'« Life ; I am only c(meenK^l witli that bond for 
£500. Mac^roue died in poverty, and bis eieditorc 
received nothin-^ : hr left, moreover, a wife and yoiin^ 
childri^n, and liiokens, gent'rouK at^ he alwajM wa», erdited 
for the henc-tit of the family of the publisher, who had 
eertttinly m>t used him very well, two vulumcH of tale* 
and esKayn which appeared m I S U under the titk of the 
" Pic-iac Papers/' The work enabled him to put s*.»me- 
thing like £1100 into the liandK \>{ tho widow MacTone ; 
hut i srjinvly think thai the wiV was very lai^o of the 
" l'it;-nic Papers." which had been got up on the line of 
the " Livro des Cent-et-an/' which conainted of the 
voluntiiry conirlbiitiona of a number of celebrated 
French men of Ivttere^ who banded themselves together 



the widow of a well-kuown I'arisiau pul>lii>her 
njimeJ Ludvociit. 

My Aunt Sopbin di<»d in the year 1^37; and \\%r 
Uiode^ coin])eteD(?e went Ut my Aunt Orelliit witii rerer- 
Mon ill fnvoiir of my tlii*t*H brrtth^^rs, my sister und Jiiy- 
«lf. My Aunt Elixa flied in 1851) -, and tlic ruvcmion, 
which included aomi- frccliold houses at Camden Town 
mid a modest anm in Oon&ols, cam(> to us. My aunt'e 
solicitors were a well-known firm, Burtroyn(» and Thnipp, 
in Stratford Plac^, Oxford Street j and wht-n I went to 
r«€eive the fen- hundmds of [xhiikIk that cumL* tu my 
nharp.the senioi jiarlner, Mi".'lMturji;(iynp, produced fnnii 
a tin box Jt^liii Macrone'a bond, which lit' liiid givt-ii to 
my Aunt ISophia. WitU u quiet smile the man of law 
ii 1 thouf^ht tliut the piece of parchment in ques- 
wunld be of any service to my family. I replied 
with a smilp of reciprocity that none of ns wen; snnff- 
lAkt^nii ; eliie thf' |iareliii]LHit would do very W4.-1I, with the 
b«lii of a^imlula and a littlr watf^r, for mixing rappee 
with Irish " hlackguard.*' Thift little incident onci* 
more reminds me that tlie world after all is not such 
a very big village* 

lAfe i^L a ehain of many llnki^; but the f^pace^ 
between are usually not very wide. '* The circles of 
Qur feltcitieB/' writes 8ir Thumas Browne, '"make 
fihoft ardies"; and the same, as a genenil nilr, may 
be said o( our m)rri^iw.H. Here am 1, nt ^iitty-i^ix, travid* 
worn and parcel-blind with inccsisant labour and ^tudy. 
But here, likewise* by my «ido in the club ?<mokin{f- 
room 1!^ a smart, spruce, smooth-faced young ^eutlomun 
who Heem« to know a« much aa I do — and po^ibly a 
great deiil more about, niit *'u\y the pi-est«ut, but the 
paAl. If 1 tjilk to him about the ChundoFi Clause in 
the Beform Hill of lfe;ii. he ''caps'* me with a reference 
to tlie gri^t me£^ting on Penenden IJeath against 
Catholic Einanci|>ation, and telle nw the origin of the 
"Kentish Fire/* I might have attended fifty Derbies 


SAtra UfH ASU AiiVtlSTVliUH. 


Iwfore he wua boro ; yet he knows all aboul Cussack 
and thd Flying Dutchman, West AuatmliaA aud 
Wild Dnyrcll lilnir Athol w\i\ Bhie Gown, [n 
my own ciLsc 1 am tt»ti»iii»hc(l soiiKtiiiK'^ t<» rviDi^rtiLcr 
how close th? coni^ection has been Wtween lh<;*<; 
perstWK whom I knew in my y^uth and tljos** wiUi 
u'lioin 1 imvi' 1m.-l*il lii\>Li^ht irt(o ;i3^Ki>i:iatiou in middl«^ 
und iti oM n^'i' Fur iiistiiDoe, wWd I was nmkiiig ii|) 
tli€ bookft of Mr CrcJlin tlw tailor — duties carried on 
at a hijjh iv^k aom^thin^ between an nuctiuuccrs 
rostrum and a pulpit, in n dark comor of the abop in 
St. JnnkifsV Strti-t — I ««w v*py iniiny poople whorn I ^-n* 
deiitiued to meet uodi^r very diJIea^nt cin:iim}iUnc<f»i in 
after life. There was an Anglo-Indian civilian, pjiWund 
AjKin*, ;iiid wIjo hiiil lint, kft ^rown H itii>Li>tnf^h<', iikeih'eI 
tVcfi;- I wji» fUVrrwanls to know liitii »-■* Sir HiirtW 
Frcre. There waa a militury ^^ntleman. 4 Colonel 
Arthnr, whoaf- father had heeii govpruorofVan DiL'menV 
Land, wow TiLMuaiiia; and Uolotiel Arthurs t%ou, Sir 
<3iK>T^o Arthur, liurt*, 1 often meot itl the JitA^F^U'uk 
Club when I um in town, 

Tliere W!iH a nlight, active, nrtttily dressed geiitlr- 
man with un ov^ face of mueh coiuehneaa, who 
tiKed to driv^ up in a smartly iippuiid^ mail 
phjU'tLin to the sliop, luid who usnully had sonic eon- 
vertiatioii with the tailor aa to the htnte of the odds 
on Koino raci* lo come. Jle was a barrister. Mr. Crellin 
tuUl me lie hiul hail niuny n\^ anil diiwns, hut wan now 
(in the 'fortiesj rising rapi^lly in \\\>^ prvf«7««iou, having 
hccome a Queen's t'onusel in lS+l,nnd a year or two 
hitsT ou\t of i\\K recof^iiisrd h-iuh^ni of th*^ western circuit. 
Many ycar^ afterv^anls i was to meet liim in society as 
Sir Alexander Cockhurn, Lord Chief Justtoeof t^i^land. 
Once too. ns^ending the tUnrsof my book -keep! »i*)mlpit<p 
I just >;aw thd haek of a very tail gentleman in a clottk> 
Olu-ikiK, I have alrt-aily said, were x<^^^"j *'<*'" ^y 
gentlemen in the 'forties. Aflc?r the gentleman liad left. 



Orpllin tM rae tliat he waai a vi^vy etewr man, ^onie- 
irliat iin])PCUinouit ; but lie wa.< on llu* kUiI!' of PnnrA, 
ai]<l hi- wniti? ialr-s :unl sk^'tcln'S in tiw iniij<:i/iin'* iithIiM' 
thf pstudonyin of Alioliarl Angelu Titmnrsli. A VL^ar 
or two afterwards i was prxAenUd to liim b^ my brother 
^Kat a little eonviviul cbib ir IKmu'h 8tiV(>l, Soho, ictiowii 
^Bb& tbe '^Deaikcry." TIil- niuno of tbr lull ^ontk-inaii 
^HirtM William Mdkept'Sico Thackeray. It wa« my furtuuo 
^^lo know luDi It'iijj mill iiitiniatelv, ami lie was wanl tti 
I laugb \'ery bemtlly w)it*tL 1 ivniiinlHtl liiin of ibe cloak 
I be Imd onci* worn, and of my view of the back of thut 
cloak wlien he had culled at 4, St. JaniL's'fi Stix:ct. 

Unfortunately there weri? not always tnidedmen's 
books to be made up, and I had, until the end oE lS4!i, 

[no n^ulai- einpliivtnent ; xvlnle I had ii dJNtri'S.*ii^g!y 
nrf^uliir ;U]d hemty appetite, and a landhiily — "i« whijse 
boose, sotiiewbere in Soho, I occupied ii linck aUic — 
whose ideau aa t^c M.iict pinid,M;i.]ii> in the [myment of 
rent were of a very inlloxibli? clmrucUr. Atu-ra while 
I WH« fuitunuU^ L*iiau;fli, throu&fli the kiiLdtK!^<4 of 8ir 
Denir^ Leniarchxiit, one of the elerks "f the Hutise of 
CommotLs, to obtain a considerable ariKunt ol reinu- 
nenUve employment H« « copytitt of h-^al dotnment«. 
In jmrt.ieuhu' I rd'mt^iribi'r tluii I tniiiscrihrd ilir 
voluiuiiiuus iftill and the cudicil of ii pter of the 
R«1di, deceased. That defunct nobleman'^ tcfitftinent 
bmrded and hKlt,'ed nio for at least three weekfl. 

Durin^^ tho railway ntunia of 1845, 1 did excep- 

Itionally wi.-ll; for at that time I uuuld draw on 
Ktuue both with 4*Iiulk and witli the peiu and I 
CttTDed from tinu' U% time goodly muii^ by draniii^ 
tiio planti lor incipirnl ruihvay^. Hut I w;iTili^l rrgnhir 
cm|>loynicnt. however slifjht tht* tisid remumTation 
miffhL bi' \ Olid that employment I found in a rrotnewlmt 
odd Jimnnen There T^a* w laritre-public huuse on tlie 
south aide of OxJbid Market — a lonjjf since diseBtablished 
emporium^ on the jtiW of whidj now HtandH a huge 


;?,4fc.^^v upts ,cm AuvKXTantiS, 

block of flatA — whtcli t.uvi^ni wait kept hy an a^toiiisK* 
iiigl^ a^ilo Tiiimc It^' tlu* iiatiR- of Cieurgt^ Wioluncl. 
Very oM plavgoers will remember liis alincwt super- 
human ii ininleiiPfls in the (>aHof A;iniocleu* in the drama 
of tlio Draf on Twi> !^ikkH, My bri^tiit-r, who had now 
left tfaiJ ThiHitre Boyu], Dublin, Vxvtvi Wicland us a 
tbciitrical c'rony, and introduced me to him; ond the 
kindly impersoDator o( /?> Diabh Hmie\i.r took a fancy 
to me, and j^ave me a commission to make a serio* of 
Mihugrajitiir porlniiU 4>f liiiiiKiOf in the vftriims chnr- 
ocU^i's wliicb lie had iniijrrp;onati.-d ; which jji^rtniilft were 
t<> be used BA tbe labela lor his spirit bottles. I 
sucooeded, in his opinion at loa^t, bo well that he 
employed mo to execute a work of much greater import- 
anee- There was a FomMterM* Lodcfi- lu>ld at hi« houe9; 
and he propostMl that I fihoukl paint a large picture 
in oiU ivpieiientinif the aniiqnitit>s and the i-egalia 
of that Ancient Ojxl<*r (ir hij^hly resi>e(;tAble Benr*Rt 
Society. The piiinting was to be executed on linen, so he 
to scne, when framed, Jind placed in an opccitig of tlw 
door of the tavern, as a transparency brilliantly TiBible 
by niffht. I went to work with a will; made a large 
QUrabtT of ?;lct'tches, and anuuged tb4.'iii in u decorative 
desii^n in which all kinds of tlunys relating to Forestry 
were depicted — bows, arrows, targets, bugle homa» 
pliiitied hatti, stags of ten tynes, leather belts, and buS 
boots; and you may be tiure that Kobin Hood and Maid 
Marian wore not forgottoii in this glon^eil aunouuec* 
ment that the Lod^e^ Number Something gr Auotlier, 
of the Ancient Order of Foresters, was held at this 
piiriienlar tavern, 

I got on vpry well with the drawing; but when it 
came to th^ painting, 1 was perplesed. It wa* the Hrst 
time that 1 had essayed painting in oil ; I did not know 
what w&^ the best medium to ueo; the »itH'acc I wai^ 
puiiitint^ on l>eing intended for a transparency, [ could 
notp obviously, "prime** it, and my colours ran. I 





iOllgItt (x>itiiM-l Iriiin tny hrntlirr <'liiii'li.-K; iiJl<l lie IouIl 
llie Imlf-finiKliod work tn Mr Witliani Uoxhy Beverly, 
who hjul just come to iUe Piincess's a& (Tiirf t^ceiie- 
pfttnter. faeverlj pointed out the iiK>st gWin^ detect-* 
in the picture— H picture it oould It cullfd— and adviscJ 
Enc to u>?o tarpdtitiike us n n]4^<i:liinii ; but the exliibition o£ 
my crude productioti in the painting-room led to ree^ulU 
wbicli T haul been far from anticipating, Mr. Joliii 

]eA&x WiuhUtx, thh Ivt^M^^ am! man-igfr t»f ibn ilK>jil.rt% 
whom I bavi- iilrciuiy ^p'Jke^, took some uotice of raj 
pictoriul efforts and uw>dnatii redly asked Beverly if lie 

riHiJd tiifce ITH? Oi^ an assi?itant scene-painter; ami this 
le eren better natured artist coniiftntej ti.i do; und 
during more than a year I eojoyed the inestimable 

ilvan1ag>< Iff hi>i inhlnirtiuo wifhnut any fi.n* or reu'iird 
ring expected of nie ; while on the otlipr baud Mr, 
Bfttertj hsd received a lai'ge premium horn mil ai-ticlt't] 
pupil named Uates, who enjoyed no ^I'eatiT iMlvantage8 
in the way i>f tuition than I did; but lio stayed in 
Uie paintitifr-nx^ni Inll three years, and wh» cuntinually 
at work, wbE^rea^ I vtah ouly occasionally able to take a 
turn at wielding the double-tie brush and dal)1iliu|f iti 

Mr. John Mtslcx Miiddox, although very good- 
oatuivd, had n Irti-^al mind. He knew that 1 lacked 
re^Ur employment, and he said that I should have 
it; but, on the principle of one sood turn doserviu^; 
soother, he pro]>otte(l tliat T »;hoiihl render eertaiu littlu 
service* in thi- tlientn* whtm 1 wjin not want*^d in the 
paintia^-Tooai, These little services included traiif^lat- 
mg comedies and farces from the French ; copying out 
the pait« ; drawing up tlie ardvertisrmenta for the 
newffpaperK ; taking stock in Hn> wai-diobo, ofieastonally 
boldin^ the prompt-book at the wln^', and lii^lj>iti^^ the 
treasurer to make out hi:^ aecounts. For thes(» "little 
servioBH " my nahiry wa« exac.tly fifteen nhtUitigs awei^k ; 
&nd I di^dare that on that income, tiupptemented from 




time to time b^' oub^ide copying work, and by occu^ion- 
ally Helling water-cclcur drawinj^ for a few 8liilli»g» 
Apieoo, I lived for thirteen monlliH, coinpanitiv^Ty 
>;pL>»kiii|r^ n>ya1ly — tliSLt i« t^) sfty, 1 hud oiimLfrli; and 
wliat brewing lad mii want or fihuuld %v?tiit more? 
T paiiTfive titiillingb a week for an attic close to the 
theatre, in Margaret Street, ('avt-iidifth Square, Itent 
was my houvic-it outlay; but with the rcmaiiiinf^ ten 
sbilfing^ I maniiged to have enough to eat and drink 
aud pay loy weekly wanhinr- bilL My clothes, I 
ould ftay, were bou^^lit out of tiie estranecua money I 
nod by Kellifig dniwingH and tmnsi;ribi»|( law papers. 
Thiisf ihirt<*eT* months nt tht' I'ri Tw:c*>i*« \ can 
cheerfully recall a* being, jicrhaps. the most felicitous 
in a life which, chequered a^ it ha^ been by poverty. 
by neglect, by dirtparitgenn^nt, by danger and mivad* 
Tentore aad hanUbip, tii)d by almi.>st cxjugtunt paiu, 
hiu* be^n, I have often n^ukl, a happy one. I worked 
prodigiously hard at tliL* Princess's, at all sort* of 
OfTcL) patio lib !«;tve tli^t tjf acting; btit I likrd my vrork, 
liYiA had, n» a niK my ttvi'iiing* t^^i my»elF, Half of 
thcdo cvctiiDgs J devot*'d to general »tudy, either 
artifetic or literary. On three niglits of tlie week I 
went to the theatre to see the performance ; not from 
the front, but from the ")lie«" hl^h up behind the 
*weneB. From tho*e " ilit'w " 1 Lave lelu-hl ovt-r and 
over u^jiin Macready in his very line^t ijart^i ; from 
ihose "Hies, " aUo> 1 wat<:htrd Famiy Kcmhlt*. who, for 
a brief penoii* had ntuiiied U* iht? wtug^s and wbo, 
among other pieces, played in ^>hendikn K nowlc^'iv 
Hunc/iiffuA\ There was a wondijrfvil re\ival, too, of 
the Midtinv4Mer Nighf'a JJn'GVf, in which Beverly 
excelled Iiimself in iiiniii^inutivi^ jiaintiug ; there was 
a brilliant ballet, fonridt-rl ou the lantoii> Frcru^h <»iie, 
iXic Diafjit a (Jf/a/n- ; and th<.-i"c was likewise produced* 
witb tnumph^int success, a charmingly melodiuus Eng- 
lish opera, called the Aifi/it UanctTs. The music waa 



composed by Kdvninl tvodor, the 1^011 oi' old John Lodcr, 
tile well-knowu violinist who, wlieii the Fnuceft«*t« 
viv> first opened uiider Maddox's iiian;^eintmt, wa« 
Icjulr-r ijf tin? orcheitrA- Thft libn^lio, thr plot ljF 
wliicli wju( Foumted on tlie KrencU ballet of Gitrilt\ wafi 
wnttca by a Mr. Gik)1'^<_» Sojujo, an elderly genUe- 
lUiin, ifttunt uiid wocbo^ono in mien, seedy in opp^vrcU 
uD(l With two tall dau^btas, Gosnips usf'd to wliiBpca: 
Wbind tbo »(L*j.*iit-h that th^ forlLiiU'loolciii^ librt^ttist wad 
the eid4.'»t wjn ijI" tin* dtH'*-Jts*yl Hir w\\\\n\ Soane, the 
dintinguish^d and weiilthy architect, wljose prtndpal 
work iH in evidence at the Hank of Knglatid, and 
. who disinherited his son for having pru:<unit'd lo write 
I Id A litomry perioiHcal tioinc dibpora^in^ criticisms of 
F the patfmul luoubratioiiw ow tlio raiii*- of Stoaebenge. 
I In eounectioii with im operatic libi-etto, 1 bavo a 

I Komi'wb^it Htran^^ s^tory to tell. Th(» succi'm of the 
^^Lil^r^^/ /tfiAfrrji was m> grtsit tbLii it incited another 
^^Vfrrll- known En^h?(b i;oiii)>oSL-r^ named (Jeor^j;!- Littlry, 
who W&5 u great friend of ours, to think of iviupOAing 
an opera to be pn>ducetl by Maddox, and to bear the 
tith' of tlie Bf^idi^ 0/ Cantehtuot'o. 1 wrote tbc libretto: 
my brother Cb;u-Ie« contributing nouie of the words 
ot ibe ton^ Oi.oi"m* Linb-y wiw a Yorksbirt^tnau, ^ 
fin«, stalwart mao, wbu had been in hin youth 9 
eapUin of yeomanrv. and uned to t«lJ tn« atirritig 
totett of the 'I-uddite" riots in IMS. 1 doubt 
whether bv wua a very Kcientilic tnuisici^n; but he bud 
a rich fpft of ntvlody — melody of which tliere is 
triumpbjint evi'Jvmu? in \\\)^ two delicious balljide — 
IiuILuIh I bo|n- not yet forgotten — *' Coitstnnoe/' and 
"The Spirit uf Lwvi.'/' i\v marrivd a daughter of 
the noted Uricutalist, Or, Oilctiriitt ^ and he wtm 
olvTBya in dc^^pcratcly cuibarrur^i^cd circumstances. 

1 remember, after ' ' CVostunce '' bad achieved almost 
Onpreoedoiit4>d success, that be remarked cheerily that 
be wua determined for Uie future to rai^' hU ti^nu^i, aud 




nrvcT writi> iv ffoiig tor le7<» tliaii t.v^enty poaiuk. He 
never, however, cotnplcti^cl the score of me ffri^e n/ 
Castt^inmvo : and the libretto remained in my m«tIior*8 
handif, Some time in ]S4S she hiid a cook who vraa 
exceptionally intollij^iui imd fond of rt^adii^g^ and to 
whom >ihf (Hx-aKioimlU' V*'it lx;'ik»*. Tin' euuk It'ft^ 
as cooks will do — ^rathcr suddenly, Init without, iis tlio 
politw reportrt iiay, the aliglit^wt stiiin on her churact^r. 
Somo »iK mouths afterwards my hrother Charlei*, who 
was iheu CTij^i^d at the I'rin(?uss<'s. n-ct^ivcd w letter 
from a ladv living at BrOTnpton, und in tht« opititlu 
«hc* asked mm whether he had ever \\i\A u cook hy 

the nume of Jane . He implied that» as yet, 

\\v h-vl tit-ver goui; iato lioiiM'ki*i'|iiiig un his own 
■ccouDt; but that his mother, Madame Sukt, hud oni't 
had in her service a cook of the name mentioned by 
the lady. The next day canie anotlier letter from 
the same correspondent, asking him to come to lunch 
at two o'clock on the morrow, 

He aecept<^ the invitation ; and found in aii elegatitly- 
fuminhed villa in th« auhurh whieh then UKed to be 
known as " Urompton, near London/' a hand.«oine Udy, 
just verging on middli^ age, whu ontorbiiucd him with 
refined hospitality. After lacchcon, conducting him 
to her taj^tefully-appoint^d houdoir, she took from the 
drawer of a Bonle cabinet a noraewhal dog's-eared 
m»nuKortptr on the cover of whieh with written — " The 
Bridle (tf Cmlfhii'OVrt • a romaTitic iti three acts, 
the mn^ic by George IjSnley, the words by Charlc« 
Kerriflon and G^eorgtr AugustiLH Sala." She proceeded 
to tell my hrother that ^he had hzul a short time 
a cook named Jane C— — , who loft licr on quit* 
amicable Xertw^ and had emigrated to New Zealand ; 
and she had left belund her in the kitehen-drawer 
tliH umnusmpt in ouestion. This the liandnoine huly 
returned to the joint-author of the libretto. The 
hiiud^ome Iculy Just verging on middle age wiw a Mrs. 




Howard. I ucod my no more al>oufc hcr^ save timt 
when a friend of hers, called Prince Louia Napoleon 
Bonaparte, becam(> Emiwror of the French, he created 
the liauJiK>me lady — \v\ni Uwl ljec;ti very kinr] to hhn 
in tlu* <Inys c»f Wtn aiJvi?rsity — ComUsst^ lU* Tieaiirrgnnl, 
It wo*ild have completed the (rnrioiis trharact^^r oJ the 

Atory had I chanced to meet June C in New 

2ealAnd i^h the Nourishing proprietre-^it of an hotel at 
Aockliuid, or Wcllin^n, or Christcluirch. 

While 1 wfts painting aixl rouderin^j "little services**' 
at the Pnuceiiis's for the nut exorbitant salary of 
fifteen Hhillings a weekj [ny mother had rjuitteci the 
riage to rcHumt? her old ucxiijiation ^^ ;i te;u:tii?r irf 
iiiigiog ; and my brother was acting, ^t a salary* 1 think 
of £4 a week, He would ccrtaiiUy, in these days, 
have been worth from £1:3 tt> £15 a week to most 
inana|;;er«, for be wa» as good tn comedy a« he was 
in tni^i>dy ; his delivery in hlunk vorst* was uTiimpeiich- 
able, nnd hr h>iil n Ktrnng and mtrtodiouH Twinging vnii;).*-. 
His professional name waa Wynn. &[any of the 
rJ6B relating 1<j my brother and Macready have 
got into print, and many of them lutve het.'n absurdly 
spoilt in tho telling; and as I eon«ider inyr^oif, as 
barles'M titerai'y oxecutor, to be the sole ah>iign':0 of 
those stories. I shall reUite a very few of tliem a« they 
actually happened. 

I miL*(t ln^giti by flaying that hetween Macr<*ady 
luid my brutlier there existed a kind of fcrociouj 
friendship. The expression may seem paradoxical, 
but it is litemlly accurjle. Macready, whatever he 
may have been in private lite, h;td at the tla^atn' a 
•imply horriblt* tem|R'r; and he wtis iu the habit of 
luing at rehearsals, &nd irveu iii an iindertone ivhen 
he waij acting, the most M-urriloiu and abusive 
language — ^language which my brother sometimes 
m^khI by with a smih*, but which (jccnsioaally he 
Jiotly rcm^nt^M. Ho did not mind Maeiv^y constantly 




addreiuiing him as " Beast " ; but he objected to having 
hh ejos^ nis Ijmb^, luid hin intem^tl orgarut coajiled nith 
terms of the giv^sw^t invective. Y^t, 0[l<lly enough, 
th4> ^r(.*:it trsiic^'Oian, with whom h^ wiu; coiitioiially 
qu^iraHirig, had a grim iVKpect 'Atid likiu^ for him» 
Tie knew hiiii to he a gentlanian and a. scholar, and 
one, mori^ov^rr, who was a rom|)etent judge <'f pic- 
tuT^squc effect and an acute dniinatic critic. On one 
ocea:^ion, Mnorcody Imvin^ to play Othello, a»d my 
brother not heinj; included in the cast, the tra^tKltan, 
on the niomiug ot the performance, thus Eddressed him : 
'* Heant, I wniil you to go in front to-night, and give 
me AfterwnrfN a full arid ninditt npinion il-'4 b* the 
meribt of my jicting. Uaiit nothing i toll nic hovr 1 
played and how 1 looked. I have an idea that 1 f^hall 
aitl^>a0B mynclf this eviumg,'* Now, tlie gix^at actor. 1 
must preliminarily trxptutn, went thnmgh u tremond^u^ 
amount of realistic <TfFort in thi; part oi Othollo. It ik a 
fiwH that in the liwt scene ol' the play, he woitid tfand 
at Hie " wing " just hefore going on tht? »tagi?, clenching 
hiH BstH, gnaKhing hi» tecrth ; and that hr^ could he heam 
to muttci fearful imprecations ngninst D^p«;dcnn>na, and 
^ivagc a^gertious tlmt he could not disholicvo that whic^h 
he h&d been told by bis taithful friend Xago, On the 
stage itself he "lived up" to his purt in a manner slightly 
in<(invL*nirrit to thow who ;urt<Ml wilh him- cnlhiring 
sonH', hulYcting othcrm, and pinching pour Deedoinona's 
amifi black and blue. Finally, ho u*cd, towards the 
dose of the tragedy, to get into such a disorganiaed 
physical condition that he wa» aJ perspiration and 
foaming at the mouth ; and presented a M>mcwlmt 
Hfaocking sp<.H^tacle. 

My brother duly occupied a **eiit in the front row 
of the dri-hs-circle — 1 scarcely lliink that there w^^re 
any stalls at tlie Princes»V in thosr days — ami niirruwly 
vratchcd the pcrfcrmancc from beginning to end. 
Thi'n ho wont behind the wccnos; and repaired tc 




acreadja rfrcflsing^-room- The great artist was being 
»rob«d by Iii-i Hn-s-scr, «inl was jianting with excite- 
m^Dt in ail arrnclmir. " Well, Bcii»t, what was it 
lifco?" My bi-othm' told him tbat he bad derived 
{be bigtie^t gratiKcatioii from th<; perrorraaucv. and be 
hail iit'V(*r M-t'it htiti lihtv Otln-lhi niDnt sinir-rhly. IIi' 
ira-* miU{iuliC4'i]t in hi^ 'ipcrrcli to the W-nrtmii Hi'itatt*; 
tile jealauNy scones witu lago wei^ splendid; the 
murder of ItE^sd^mona was acperb, and he diod inimit- 
iibly. Macivady'tG Eaco lighti>d up more und mere aj^ 
my brother luiitwered H'rififm \m many qtioriew. " "Via 
well, Bwist;*' he observed at last; '''ti« weU. vitv wrH ; 
now, what was my appeiinuiee — bow did I Uyok, 
? My br-othtT ou^iljiU-d fur a mirment, and 

n with perfect candour r«pliwi, " LiAfi a 

ttwy/' No irreconcilable ([uurrcl followed this out- 
spoken expression of opinion. 

On another occasion Macreatly was to play C'ardinal 
Wolftcy in Henr^^ ^'IlL; and my brother was caijt for 
Uw uniiiiporlutit part cf Cardinal (_<am{it-iu)(. M^ujiready 
always dressed Wolscy very sumpbioii^ly, and. bearing 
in mind tht? fact that, on the >tage at Ira^t, Cawpeiufi 
or Cwnpej^^io, ii^n a Prince of the L'hurch, held equal 
rank with himself, he wils mo»t [Uixions that the Envoy 
oE the lVp(^ eliould wear a dress consonant in eplendour 
with his own ; and, consequently, be asked my brother 
to come ti) him in his dressiny-nhwi bi^fon* tin* curtain 
nwc, in ord^T that he — Mittrefuly-^niiylit be able \x^ 
jtldgc whether the Cam]>cian canonicals were m tigk^ 
itttt the famous actor reckoned without his hocit- That 
bofft was Mr. J:>hn Medea: Maddox, a ^eutkiuau who 
1 have befonj hinted hod a frugal rnind. Churlcs*s 
curdinalitian panoply had been ^iippKed from the ward- 
robe of the theatre, and with ultimately dlfiastrouA 
nsBulta. At a qttarter to seven in the ev<!»ing nf tlit.* 
jK-rfonnancv of Urary VIH., my brt^ther nuidc his 
way to MacTtndy'fi drc»ing*rooia. 


The tra^diau presented a ^t^eoiu S[>ect4tcle : — 
casBOck of scarlet daniuflk, cupe of the same mat^^rml, 
but of roKO-coluured liuo, pi)iiii-lnw i)i>ttic<iJit, scarlet 
velvet !mt ajkI silktii la«srk, -md »ri inin^nikl riinr on 
the forefinger of the left hand worn over the glove, 
Ab for my nn fortunate reUtive* Mr. Smith^rn, the 
mantor tiiiloi", lind attii^'d Iiitu in a red ca-swock ot coarrtr 
fierj^i', *i out prtpt*r pctticuut, ii aip*> of pink ^Iu^vmI crtlia^ 
11 |>a>^t«hoard hut covori>d with r^d llauoL*!, and ua 
iininuriHe pair of white B(»rlin gloves dyed crimson. 
Ntiitn'a*ly vMixi i«th? \mtk at liitii, and \vith the observa* 

timi " Mnthor Shi[»t*in. hy !"avertt'<1 hii« Iica^l in 

horror and disgust. He went to Anicncii shortly iiftor 
this i and on hia return, at the hrst rchcvHrsal which ho 
bold, espied my brother on the titu^e. He ivos been 
firat to bnry his hk*ad in his hand and then to «but hi« 
^yes very tij^htly, Aft^'v n wJiik' hi.- tnrnod Wir* T^ye*, 
still shut, in tfa» prompter, und said- " Gmclen, is it 
(fone? " Mr. Kmaen. thw father of tlie well-known 
architect) iind who was atterw;mU the partnt-r ot Kohi^on 
in the lc!4»cc»hip of the Ulympu', replied: "Who is 

{joue, or what i»- ^one, Mr> Macrvatly?" "The 

Bea&t," replied Macready with a ^roan. He had, how- 
ever, soon afterwards to i"eco|^nise the presence i}C my 
brother, who w;t.s playing ;i not innin|H)rt;int p;irt i[i thi* 
pieco reheiirsed, hut the wiirds with wiiiih he iico.nn- 
panied a shake oE the hand were peculiar He said; 
"Oh Lord! How do you do?' 

With ^1 thiH, Maareaily and Charleti Kerrisoagot on 
g^^nerally very wt-U to|>ethL>r; and when Bulw^^r Lyttoii\ 
liiriieluu WI4JS bron^ht out, the creator of the title- 
part insiftled th»t my brother should pluy the folr: of 
Prangois, in op|)ositiiin to the wihheH of Maddox, who 
waM* di^ifiron^ that the character should he ,sitpporte<l by 
a youni; hidy. He wiwi altoi^t'thvr ftu odd perwon, this 
William CbarW Mucready : hi^h -miivkd, gi^nerou*, 
juftt; but the ilave, on the stage, of a simply 



ungov*"rnabW t«nip«r. JIowo d^pltr, Tliore were two 
Matri-suly* I never was able to persuude iW Itttc Sh' 
Krcdprii'k and Ijady Pollock, wlu» knew i\\*i tragciliaii 
intimately in private life— wLo :uliiiir^il hi> geniofi aud 
pererencw hi* uublemi^licd charack'r — that at re!ii>ar^l 
he could be u bulij" and ii ribald, atiil use towards women 
M w<>ll a« towiLfdt* men ian^'uugc vvlncli a bc^^ar in lux 
drink wotild not use to liiscalli^L I only remember, witli 
the escn']*ti<iii of tny brotbt^r, two ;n:t<irs with wlnjin \w 
rviiBi, on U'l'iiix i>r rv«'ii ti>K'nib1<} iiiUiiL^Lcy ; tht-st' lamurisd 
otitis wcrv John Coopm" and John Uydcr. 

Mucrcady exulted in hih liihtrionic triumphs; yi-t 
lie tu'cmed to Imte and to be iv^baimd <^i hin pn)feiisioii ; 
nor would ho vvtit suffer his obiUlrc'ti to v^'itnows plays 
in which he himself performed. In private Ufo, where 
r nfvvT met him, he is snid to have Ix^en a courUniiis 
And poH»h*»d gentleman, the In-loved friend of l>ickeiis, 
of Jerrold, of KorsW, wl" lliihvrr jlihI id Macliac. 
It U carious likewise to recall that he wius extremely 
popul;ir with the subordtnate auph^cn ol the theatre. 
One carpenter, I remember, lie always ^* tipped" witli 
a tfovemgn at the be^innin^ of every tieasonf snyiD);: 
"Tlioiuas H^Mfttrd, T Jini ^'lad to »!4.'e you ; am! you are 
ui hoHL'^t man'; and he would ^hjike hj^mls wtlh Tom 
Hcaford. It waaonlyon the professional votaries of the 
sock &Dd buakin that he poured the vial^ of his 
wrath. With Maildox he never oi>euiy quarrelled] 
and indeed, on one occatiiou that doughty little 
miin^iger Lad the courage to rebuke him at reheiirsjil 
for the unseemly language which he hiid brt-ri 
m^iDg ; altliongh lit- ^oiniswIuLt inciiuHlKtently eoacluded 

hiH remcinAtnmuc by stiylng : " It's such a d d bad 

example \" 

Mai^reudy was not a HUypr of good things ; although 
upon occasion he eould be droll ; and he wa^ truly eoniie 
in such parts a£ lX)rieoiirt in the /^V/r* Stfafti^fit* and 
James of Scittlaud in t!ie AVitjf of fkt- CominnttH. One 



156 SALA's Lin: AS'o jdtrstvrhs. 

cerlainly linnnirmi** tv^mark hp rnaile to my brotliot 
when Hir lirnry Tiiyloi'js ,^pl^nditl, but. utiArbibIc, drama 
/'Af/v/> ton Jt'ffi'ffJr wna prodtioud nt ttie I*riiiceas"«. 
Mitddox spent tvlint wa5 then conBidcrod a very large 
flum of monuy on the production of tbifi piece; (ind 
on the fir*t nitjlit, in the fjimous marfc^t-plaeit score, 
vrliere a riotous Jind ftmnue-strick**!! nuib were intro- 
ddced, there were as nuiny as a hundred acd fifty 
"iupers" en thn staj;*-. Sir Henry Taylor's play waw 
Dot precisely diimneJ . but it kW dUnnilly Hat ; iind on 
tbo second ni^bt of ittf pcrfomiimce ^[ihddox, alwa^'s of 
a frugal mind, cut down tins number of " supcrd " to 
aboTit forty. I foi^et what part my brother played ; 
but in the niarIcA?t-]>lace »(»ne, Macready bad U> lesui oo 
Oh;iHrs'fi !«hm]lder; and ;u< lui did mo> [)oint!ng towar^K 
ihr >adly diniinUhi'd crowd, hr wliisjK'red to bim : 
" Famine has done ite work. Deast! " 

Towards the close of my stay at the Priiice*9*«, 
ChurlcN Mitthevvs and l^Iadnme VeRtrii* joined the com- 
pany ; Ax\*l tboir engU}^*nient wn» a brilllaiitly ^uucoesful 
one. Connected with thi» en^iu^nient. I remember a 
siiTiU'whjLt hiilii^rous cii^eum stance \fatht^ws, whom I 
liiul kiiiiwri IVoTii my irhildhood. wa-s aliouL t» pmc^v^l 
on a provincial tour; and he wantefl the ptxris in two 
or three eomi^dics and farces copied. I did llio work» 
but I had some difficulty in obtaining payment thereof; 
however, [ managed to screw the draehmas out of 
hiui by iii^tahuenU ; :ind when b*- wt^nt away, hi> l<»ft 
irnpiiid a biihmct' of. I think, seven and sixpcnee. This 
wa* in IH47, More than twenty years afterwart1« 
Mathews e^illed upon me in Clarges Street. I'ieeadilly, 
where I was then Hving, and asked me whethor I 
would him »otue trifling aii^istnnoe on an occasion 
which woji then imminent, A piiblie dinner at Willis'e 
Kooms was about to be given hiin, prior to bis departure 
ffir India; and, ebarpeteristieally enough, he intended to 
take the chiur himself and t^' propose his own iR^nUh 

ilfartfaat I 
qmchof tfar 
Ibe ttcnto of ^ 

nlf— «|y 

jroor The peopfe 

iwed to do tltti 

ptwinf aUmoo to t^ 

eonpaoj did iMt nm 

Bniulj coiapo««do{'*pnt*'; 

tW bw^nettw kiB Umr i _. 

wfaidi fliUblvD o^j mifawiil ar a tW 

vhidi I, Um- WD fif m adm wd tbr btviber 'of 

u4or, bive k^ race WU, U»l ot^mij ' im 

iboat the nuA cooorilBd aC — iili^il la ^^ 

in^' tbat seven aad oxpecce I had eridently Uodd«B oo 
Uw conu of the Seoood Grafe-4»v^ or of Boseocnata 
mi QuiUetifiteni, or " ChaiiM hMfakod." 

I c«Q iiay tlot therr anr rM>t mauj plAjrg^^TA vho 
CAB r«infmU*T HmtW M:iHtrwA in A pnctkul; «onoa& 
cLaracter , yd such a cturactft I »aw him Mffiqic Dado* 
tUr Maddox manag^-m^nt. It bad oceurwd to ^wtte 
French playwrigfit U> dmmatise Kicharfson's poaderoiis 
and pathetic dniioa of t'hirma UaHotte. The drauoa 
achieved a ooosiderakle euoQt» tu Paru; and Maddox 
had it forlliwitli tiatislated into English by the "stock" 
or huck-uQtlor at Itn- Priucew's* a Air. licynoldscm. I 
copied out tlie |«irU und helped to piiot ih*.' *c«n«ry. 
John Byder playt-o tiio " heavy father." and woudertul 
to relato, Cliarlt's Malliews played LuvelHot- Chmstta 
SarlQKt wa* the reverse of jtuecessful The Mr. Key- 
noMaum wliom I have just mriitiuiitd wn-** a jcenUeiuiin 
of cuositterabW taleiat, who in his youlh had known 



SuriiiuO Taylt>r Colendge. Wv was for H\m\v> tiiiu* oil 
tlu! stiij^r, uiitl wjw Tjfili^l as thi* urigiiuil Mr. Pn^kwii-k 
in th© vcn^ion <>f DifkcDss novel brouj^lit out ut tlie 
Strand Tlicntrc during the ntonfie*'mcnl of Mr. W. J, 
HiLmmoiid. Tliere waa a traditi<^ii at tbe Princesn's 
that Maddux was in t.h<? habit of locking up Mr. Rey- in an i)]>prr ntoiii in tlir the:)ir^; li*avin)^ him 
a KuffiL'ieiicy r»r t*<dd miMt ntid hriitd and alcoholic 
siimnliiutf*, and not rflpOKSing liim until ho had Rnished 
tratiislatin^ the appointed drama or farce : thus pnictic* 
oily cHiryini^ out the impinUion** af the Parisian 
bookseller of tho la*t contury^ who was wont t*i remark 
that if he could only ke<>p Voltaire, Uoueseuu, and 
Diderot nndiM" lock and k^^y^ in a garret, without any 
imm(<y and witliiiLit, iJieir paiitsalfniJix, th<?y wnnld wrttr 
him tin* !ivvcrt-^^t Ilitlr houk?* ima^inahliT, hy means of 
which he would realise as sweet a little fortune. As, 
however. I nhared diiTin^ many months Mr. Reynold- 
soil's Apartment, and in the intervals of Tny work iu the 
paintinff-room often helpw] him in tranfilatin;^, I am 
able to declare thai thu lock-and-koy Ktory wiw a base- 
\&^ myth. On th^ other hand, I am alraid thut the 
poor fftock-autlior did not get more than three potnicU 
a week. 

One word more l<»ucliini: translations. Rcy&oldsOD 
wnti away ill; and one mr>rning Maddox gave me A 
French vaudeville called Une Cfwpibre a dfw:p IJU, 
and batlr hit- r<*ndt*r it into Euglisb. In the eour!^ of 
u rnnplt* iif days ni^' work was finished, ;tnd wh« 
auhnuttcd to ]Vu'. Compton, who wa** then cur low 
Ciimedian ; but \\e failed to ace any fun in the farce- 
Not lon^ af'torwards the immortal drolleiy ot" Bo.v and 
Cox was produced at the LyQeura j the two male 
eharActej's beJni; played hy Harley and J. B- Puek^tonc? \ 
and lior nutl Cor was «^»nly :ui adaptation of I'/te Chnmbft 
a deux Lift, with portions of another Fren(;h fare^ 

'ted on to it- It is nect^sary to acoi^ntitate this fact, 

14 there was prodoeed at tbc Havtiuricet, aomt jrcw 
pr?vioo# U> lM7.a piece called TV IMMe^MJtd Hoom, 
in which tbe part of bo ira«cib)« oM gvntteinui ww 
play^. wHb coDsummjt^ abilit}'. by Williitn Firmi 
Ibe elder. The adaptor of Uie ficreaniinc; little piece 
at tkt- L\r*-Qiii mvi Mr. T1iiima> Ma^liM^n Murtitt, who, 
aA I liavp .^tid ivf'in*. dip<I a ItniUx'T of ttir Ouirier* 
hou^. Wln-n b^ pAKsrd awny tuo?it of tbr iifw:<papcrs 
spoke of him stfi tb«* '^ author '^ ot Ih^ amtf V<^. 

I l1^ft the Witiot<ss':4 tioon alt«r the production of 
th4' Chmtina>i pantomime, on which I hud worked iiioftt 
^UAidooasIr not only in helping t^ paint the sei^nery, 
but in aw^ifiting to model the moslhfi and other " pro- 
perti«!9(." I left on the rooF>t ermlial f^rniA with 
Maddox, who, 1 dan-sj, had 1 a^kcd him, would Ii<tve 
niiiMN) toy ridiculously small Hilary; but then' was 
growing tip within me a conviction that I was not des^ 
tiniK! to excel as a scenic artist. In architecture I was 
[airly prolicii*ii1 ; but I hud no kind of toi^le for hind- 
mpe piinttiif^ : mid I mifTrn'*! from uhal wajh praHic^lly 
a kind of colour-blindnefs, msomuoh thut I could not 
be prevented from mixing blark with almost every 
pigment on my palette; even now no ink \» i^ahle 
enough for me; unci at the Princos^'^ I used to be 
known in th<> paintiDgroom aii "tike ^itlemaii in 

AVh*'H I went away fmm Maddox, William Beverly 
alw* h'ft thr Princp«H:», to t^lte ^e^vice umiir thr haiktivr 
of Vestns aud Cbarlea Mathows, at the Lyceum; and I 
served the great scene paint*?, iis an iiBsislant. for a f^Y« 
weekEi, at a salary of thirty shillings a week, helping in 
the iwencry for one of Planch^'8 extravaganza.^. Thou 
niy old frieTid WiNim, who Inwl 1h**'!i KePoml >;cf.*ne< 
painU-r »( the Prinw^^'s had undertJiki-n ii <'OTninisH!on 
to paint a panorama cf the city of Mc3iico; and, in thi» 
panorama^ I ex«?cuted all the figures. 1 little dreamt, 
white painting caifalltrm iu ooaobwlieel hatsj tcrapct 



and nt'fioras in black riboson, that I was destined, sixteen 
years afterwards, to sojourn in Mexico Gity» and to 
wear a coach-wheel hat and a striped blanket, myself* 
Wilson, however^ conld not afford to pay mp any very 
considerable sum for tlie slight help I rendt-red him. I 
painted a eoiiple of scenes, a drawing-room, and a 
cottage for the Standard Theatre, in Shoreditcli, and 
then I bade a reluctant, but definitive, adieu to scene- 



eUlk-AMn Btwfc*— Tbc UiMr« WvOicuh**— Aiijrw lktiiiu» 
l^tt— lb. JsW H*nc-'IV "lVx«i" lJat-Th« BfQiichi-OA lli» 
rraihilittt— WttU nrillifK— PmnT lNw1hiW->^tnhI LUTil-SnTiils 

1 Wr\» now nJDct^pti years of age, ami ile^pcmtfply poor. 
My mother bad returned to lier old quarters at Urif^hton. 
I vm too proud to mtk fur li^'Ip from anybody : altbou^li 
"ny go^l ^f^d kind wnteiDs, ?ilisc and Sara, iuMfttofl on 
fioudiuf; mo wwkly parccdv ot growni^s and *o forth ; 
Lot for many montlis sucb a tiling as diniu^r k'jls inoro 
CODSpociioub by it^i ^bsei)Ci- than by it^ presence. T 
luid accuniuliLiei) a ratUrr lar^ collw:tian of pfii-and-iiik 
drawings. maiiUy oJ' a would-be toinic ciianicler; arul 
out diiy. wlicD I bad rciiclicd, us I tliou^ht, the 
extremity of indigence, I happened tu moot> in the 
Stiaml. an old friend of our family. Mr. Charles 
Danoi^, a (Hipular draiinatic antlior. I a^ked him if b« 
kuf^vr auiy puhlUlirr whu wjuited nirimiuri^H in iIluKlral't 
light literature ; and be told me that ilit^Tc had been 
recently pubHahed a monthly periodical of a facetious 
kind, called 7'A/r Mair f« ii<' Moon, which wai* edited by 
Albert ^mtth and AiiLfus B Ueaoh. I cannot at thiH 
time reeolWt whether Charles l>at»ee ftent me at once 
with a letter of introduction to Albert Smith, or 
whdiier he intr<Hluct*r1 nif t<) Shirlev Uruokn. who gavo 
me the IHtf'r in <^iu<stjijn ; but, u1 all i-venh^. I know 
th»t one forenoon I found myself in the studio — 
Albert':* studio-stndy— ^in a house whicli In- oeeupied in 
cunjiinction with his brother Arthur, in Percy Stre^-l, 
Tottenham Court Hoad. 



AlWrt Smitli wus tlic-ri ttcnrui'ly tliirtj^ but hv Ijiil 
Imh'Ii fii^ jirdlific a writor, lie IiiliI mo swiftly oLtumed 
Mt tn>polit.;iii^ if imt Knn»(iciin, t:«*U'lirU}', tliiit In* st^emeil 
tome t<» Ix' at loiist lilVv H'- J>a.s i^'m il<-n*i Miirl^'-four 
ycarw. hut 1 can nnill liini, n^ n ^t^lr^iy lo<>kiiig, bro»<l- 
shf*«UlpivcI, short ncokod inain. with grey ovcb. and 
l!owin^ Ifioks o[ light biv.wn. and lar^je »ide-whisk'»r« ; 
later in hf** iiv w<uv a lieanl : :iiul, on th*- vholv, be 
bcTf A niiiKt, nIHIclh^ ri's^iiilihiiic-i* to Miv (\>ii]v»^ (Vrr, 
Tlis voi<:p wiv* n liigli t.rcblo: his study was like a 
riiiioMty shiip ; alt-h*nigh tlio "(^iiriofl" w(^ri* not IiigMy 
rimuirkuhlr from ttn* t^latulpoint of bij^li ;irt. am! woro 
not vory (uitic]ui<. LittL*ird Jibout th<* room, winch wfui 
on tbp ;;ro\m(l lloor, wtTo |iil*-K of ^V^neii noveln, in 
yollow [iriper covers, dolls, rMricatinvs, toys ot €v^ry 
i^(nw"»-ivubli' kind, a ih^fffi nimxt' silk shirt. iTiinnon 
Mieh, inn! vi^lvpt lroii>iei>i, tin- wbiti' hnt'ii nilnicnt 
of a I'icrrot, c;ikr* of soap iroin Vienna, made in tli€ 
siniilitud>^ of fruit, iron j<?wellcry froni Ilf-rlin of the 
hifitorio * Irh //'?// GfJti fiie Ki*<f/t" |iutt<;ni, niiniatair 
^WTMS chalctK, port^elciin and tn<jcr«olmum gjipes — 
alUumtjh An»'rt w^s no sinoker— and the model of a 
Frt'ucb difiifcnvr. 

The owner of Ibis qurer a^sellL1>l4^l> uT odd?* and 
finis wa:* Had in a blue blouse. Albrrt bad been 
cducutcd for the medical profe»^ion, and a fellow- 
student of bin, in Paris, was, I believe, my gallant and 
esteemed friend, General Sir Henry do Baihe. 1 have 
u ftUHpicicn thiit the author of "Mr. Ledbury and hi* 
Pri»*i»l Jntrk Jrtbnstm," Inid not entirely nbtmdoned 
professional prnctit^i' wben T mlWl on Inm in IVrt-y 
Street; for there was a largi^ brass phitt^, with bts 
name on it, at tho street door, and the back »tudy, 
wludi exhibited signs of tho iippanitus of a surgeon 
doutiKt, w;^^^ pL>^i>iibly iisod lis a coiifiuiting room» if any 
patient* ntred to visit Albert, in order to conanlt him. 

He wiw one of the kindest and ebeeriest of mankind, 

FAf'iy^f' TUK \vonhu. 


snd remiaded uk' tlial lie liad fieeu mts wlien I was a 
nu^n* boy; wlieii bt< was bnn^'iug out, in cuiijuuc* 

barl(??«cjuc calJi.^ (J/urr^ uud FitiiHtat\ Cherry bciiig 
plavfxl by Mi's. It. P. "Jrattan. wbo wore, 1 i-emcmber. 
a tunic, madr of ^om*' <>xtta<>n}inary fubrir, into 
whicb ^jpuii-gla.'^R ^^ntcrfHl largely. It WiLs sii]>pliHl, I 
bciievi", by a tbcu wrllkiiowii iinn of ilni]x*i>, Mrssra, 
SpwWT iirul (V^vK. of riiinphm Stn^et, Si'bji, aiul ravt, it 
Wiis said, tbivo cpiiineaH :i yaH- Tlif w*»rk-wojn*-n nr 
tbf Wiiitlntli^ roin|»biiiu'fl, bowever, tbat Ui^ cxc^ptiofiiil 
fabrio wiw iipt t*t t->il tliHr tii)i^'i"?<, Alb»*rt at once 
coniiiiiftTJioikL'd mi; t^ iiiiiko soiiii; comic ilniwini^ on 
wito<t for tbe Mfia in tJii> Moof/.io tbe literary portinn oE 
nbirb b<\ Aliens Ui^'iu.-b, Sbirlcy Ilroi>ks, and (.Miarli's 
K<-riikry wt'ir fbr iimsl. iMhii-^tuiil. (ruiLlribiit'ii's. 

Th*' l/rtff in fhf }fofm wjis iit dftggns dniwn witb 
pHjtfi, or mtlicr, witb Murk l-cmon aurl iMugliLs 
•Jerruld : aikI Sbirky B:"»ioks, destined in uftcr years i^ 
be the editor of tbt^ drolloi^t and the wbo1e8ome»tt 
pi'riwliml Uinl biW 4^vf}r Wku publisbml in Kntflund, 
peuned in the fir f^HU'i ii Anitbiti^ siitii-e, iu rbyme, 
called "Onr Flight witb Pattrfi" in which, wbile 
ampin jufttic*" vfx-^ diHu- t-o th^ writings cif Thjick^niy 
nad iJilbtrt n J3ccki.'lt, ivbuse wx** unmercilnliy >bt>wcred 
on JcrroM. witb whom AlbtTt bimsolF, one of the 
mrlieet contributors to Puftch, \\i\i bad ^orae bitter per- 
Aonal quarrel. What Brookii's t^rievunce wan ai^ainat 
tbv >;i4;e of FU'ct Street I am unable to rernvinbcr ; but 
I kufiw ih^t 4t tiic timt* in <iiii*Ktion bi- h<ik-d Uic author 
of " Mrs. (Vudlc'ii Curtain Li^cturcs *' most cordially. 

Ch&rleii Shirley lirooks was in all respects a rfl* 
iDArkable maDn When I fir^t kne^^ him be wa« 
thirty-two yoirn of iigo, and eminently liand^^oiiuv He 
wiu the son of an architect i>f r4>puti.% who, amon^ 
other works, desijrned the Ix^ndon Institution, in 
Finsbury CircuK, He was trained for the law; but 

a b;i 11 doited legal «tudie» to become a dramatist and 
cxtnivttgtinwi writ-^r, an essayist, and a humorous poet. 
Hwi sUindljy, Itowfvcr, wa< journalisMi ; aiul in this 
kind he vrroto for «om* timer U»o Parliarw&utary Kum- 
miiry for the Murnia^ CHronre/e. Wliethyr lie was niiir- 
rictl iti l*^i7 I am not quit*" jijre ; but the lady vvliom 
he did ^^polls^ and whon), in bier year«, I liad tho 
honoiii to knew very wl^II. woa one of two listers n^iticd 
Wulkin^liasv, who, from tho difEercncc bctwceu their 
rcapcctivc complexions, were known in sooiety aA 
'' > ight " and '* Morning " :— the fiol/riquHn heinpf 
oWiously horrowi^d from tin,' title of Bulwer Lytton's 
thi'ii just published romance. I had seen the MisucB 
WVIkiti^liaw wliil** T WHS drawing from tht? ''nxind," 
In Mr. ('jrl S<?hillcr"s f^ialick ; and that .^Hi*t. piiintr^l 
the miniatures of both young ladtea. The future 
Mrft. Shirley Brooka was a brunett**, and. conflf^quontly, 
'* Night/' 

Albert not only gave me at once remunerative work 
as a comic draii^liUman, but sent me with a letter ta 
hift co-e^Htin-, AngUN ]}trthun«> Itisudi, un author and 
jounmlivt, to wliosi^ brJllinnt talents not half ouougli 
lustico has been done by a cruelly forgetTul generation, 
lie was a perfervid Highlander, Vim at Inverness, and 
the fton of a Writer to the Signet. When I first knew 
him ho wn« not more than six und-lwenty. He, too, 
h;vd a gtiLudhy, beiu^ ei shorthand-writer, also for tJie 
Moming Cironicfe, io the gallery of the Hous** of 
t?mnniims. Shirley afl^erwitrds wj-nt to SonthtTn 
Uui^sia, ;w Angus Urarh did to the South of Fiance, 
to write letttTfl supplementing those of Henry 
Mayhew in the Chrfnt'tclt^ on '* London Labour and 
thi^ London Poor/' Angus Ueach wtu; out* of tbe 
most laboriou* and most prolific writers I have 
ever met with. It was no UDcgmmon thing with 
him to work >ixteen hour^i a day. Over and over, 
during the Sension, have I dined with him at liAlf-paf^t 

PAt.'ixii THK mutii). Ifft 

two in hu rooms in Tavistock *Street, Covent Gurdeu ; 
and iniiictiLilly ni » <]tmrt«r lo four lio mmlA gii to tlie 
Hoiic4r to «l&ve at reporting uiul imiiscnbliiLT 1iiis nuU*f( 
until perhaps two in tlit* moniing ^ but he wa.-* at 
lti> d^'tik again on tlie niorrtjw at iiiiie. and did not rise 
Uij^tvfrom uDlil diuncr-tirnc. Hij wwUi iiitnimorable 
Hlkort fitorif*!^ for tlie TniL^u/inor;, and t^ttsa^!;, conuc 
handbooks, aud comic '' copy " for tlie .Ua/r h fh' Moot/. 
He pixxluced a capital Hoiisaiioiiul novel ralU-d " Gli-meat 
Ijiiriiiu-r; iir, Tbi- HuuV witli tin- Tmii CIilkiih/' 
a romance, uuleAs I am niiataken. of which liiwn 
Boncicault preserved a livelj' remembrance wbcm be 
wrote hi* di-ama of f/f f'^^^ff^ Stiui. 

Xotwit1i.-stOQ(litig tlio tremoudous pressure of tlic 
work wbtcb 1r* did, Aii^iu Ul-^icIl would find Mvw} to 
enjoy himself, us litentry men about town did at that 

Iicrioil ; and w;ts \ji> bu- found bi^Iiiiiil tln< sceiivft, or in 
rvmt of tbr pbijInHiM's, or aL -siippi-r and siu^itig- 
rooms, or at the ni^^btly gatherings of a bu^teliy in the 
Haynmrket, called The t'afc dc IJEui-ope. Thi» cafe 
wa*( kept by a very worthy gentleman, whose nairits I 
thiiikt Wii» Hyiiimint;, wlio liad been for M>me yeai-s 
iiu iwtor of con«ideniblc st^ndiii^ ^i tbi' HayinRrki^t, 
uud owed his conversion Into a Uonirnee to a soinewbat 
htmngc mischancf. Maeieady, iji oim of bi^ tuigagi-- 
inentrt At the Haymarket. wjts playing Sliyioclc, and the 
part of TubiU wa.< jkf^igned to a Mr, (iough. Kow, tbo 
dress of Tubah n> a Jew of Venice, wa6 precisely similar 
in pattvm, if not in texture, to that of SbyWk- It 
wa«, in a sumptuary tense, a case of C^otUiuiI Wolsey 
mild (.'ariiiii^I ramjx-iii^ uvrr again. Heminirig, beiJig 
at the foot of the staircase leadinj^ to tbe dreshing- 
roonir descried, as he thought, liis fni'n<I Goiigh, ;ittired 
as Tubal, slowly asceiKJing tbt stairs. I'ortliwitli he 
prooeiHWd to indulge in tho lively form of practical 
jokini; known ah " balloonioff " ; that is t* snv. be 
placed bis two liund^ on Tulfat's hips, aud» cjirryini^ 


Itim off his feet, violently propelled liitn upfitairrt to 
the landing. 

Arrivf^d thorc, the siipposod Tubal turned round 
to rpveal, to tb« horror-sUickeu Henimiug. tlio c^tuo- 
tenaiic*', *?iiiin!i |tli'^l witli fifn^^^t wmtli, uf Wtllirtin 
Cl>al■le^ M;iri'-,nh '' I am ftiin* J hrg jinir pHrdun, 
»ir/' stnmnnTcd tJic actor; " but I took you (or 
Mr Gougb/' "/A: /ook w^ for Jfr. Gmt^h for 
Mr. Goit^&t" Pe-echoc-d the outraged tragedian, casting 
hiti eyes iipvranly, aji thoupfli invoking the intvrpo^tioii 
of tile Avi.n^r|ij Spritt- Hcmniinf; was di*clmrp4*dj 
but Ikiri friends Rttlied rovuid liiiti and (^niiUled bini 
to ftet up ill biiMnuwA a* landtonl of the C'aK de 
rJ^urop^H lu Uie cofree-room thereof used to gather 
night vJUkt ni-^bt iiuniy of tho wits and good fellows 
of the period, histrionic. artiHtic, literary, and lepil. 
There one met Horace Mayhew and Percival Lei;-h, 
of Pnavft ; lioucicaiilt; Hurry HayUs-the Hal liaylis 
who drives thi^ "Wain of hife*' in TI>oni;i« Hood'* 
"(Me uu a Dihtant Prospect of Clapham Academy/ 
TlnMr wiiw alfio a Mr, Frederick Mahoim^t, or Mahomed, 
the i^on of a truly worthy Kast [tuiiau, wlionj 1 remeoi- 
bcr ill my curliest chtldbooil ei» a proprietor of some 
Ulths at Brighton, assoeiated with which was a 
shanipooiiiif department, whieli stpparently benefited 
the proprii-tor's dienls U> s<j ^ivat an exli-nt that the 
vt^tibule of tliti esttihlishineiit w]i> bung with the 
crutches of fonutr martyrs to rheumattsm, sciatica, and 
Inmba^, Mahomed's vig^orotLnand scientific shampooing 
buviii^ restoivd thctn to hL^ultb. 

The &bampoo<.T was, I think, an ecoenlric; and, in 
bis moments of unbending, used to sing 1o soniw 
Oriental tune, swaying his body to and fru nieiinwhile, 
;i liorig of which 1 ran inily n*infnilH*r the ttr>it line, 
imd thp refrain- — 

"Tlir ilutks ami the )ifivt^ Imvo nU coino ovnr, 
8«kpri^«viL Mftlioiiir^U Hjikoi-tWu Alnliouivd 1'* 



Wh«uC9 the ducks iiml geese had come, and whether 
tliey bad emigrated for tlie [>urj>ost* uf l*iii(f sliniii]X]Oed 
by the exc^lt-nt Sakerdrf^ti MTLhontetl, I Iihvl* uo 
m^^otu of UffccHuining. Ajiotlicr gentlpmau. who had 
ftometbiog to do with MordAn's gold pencils, wa.^ al?(0 
a Trequeiit^r of the Cafi5 de t'Euroixr , wlun.-, too, niijjlit 
be teoti alnioftt overy night a tall, elderly i^cutloiuau. 
wbo«d poh'ttlu'd imd vtiitcdy niituiierM ah^-HVM u^i^J to put 
me in mind of Itichtudsou s Sir Charles Gmadi^on. 
He had liad a curiuuH career. He wa^ n SruLLisIi 
baronet of encietit descent, And had nucci'cdc^d to tlic 
tith* in yontli . hut the wiJow ofii prL^-docciutd brutht-r 
having ^ivcu birth to a son and heir, he- waa mi- 
baroiieted> IHb nepbei\^» however, died, and the tail 
old fjeiitleman once mon- became a Hart 

Till- .Ufm irt dii' MfMnt w:i-n liiiaiiwil by Mi-hsr*- 
Ingmin and Cooko, i\vv proprietors of thit Illmfraifd 
LoHiloti A'etcvi; uni the office of the little periodical, 
which Albert and Ad^ilh edited* w^ in Crane Court, 
FUet Street; Uio cuJhier being a Mr, JabeK Ho^, 
aftonvardi^ to b^ known and celebrated a^ JaIi^/ 
Hotfj;;, M.KX'S., Fellow of thp Ei'Vid Microscopic 
Society — of whieb lie wsis fivsi president — ennKnltin^ 
SUtgeon til <f<vr>nil boHpifalA, nut] tVllim nf a bi]>t 
of scientilic KOciL^ies. VVhen I fir^t Imd tlio advanlagi* 
to know him he bad brought out a manual of photo^ 
graphy- This drew him into clone tontai^t with IlerbcTt 
iDgruin, th<> founder of the jfreat illustriited paper, who 
had varly couc^iv^fd the idou that photography could be 
uUIised in conn(^4*tiun with ilIu^iriiltHl JonmallKin Mr. 
Ingram's ^at.eb, in tliis regaid, only went a litUa tuo 
fast. Ue di«d before tli« introduction intu pictorial 
journaliflm oC Ihono sooty, smoky, and bhinod * pro- 
cc«*r8 " with which the ilListrated press, hi;:h and low. 
U now afflicti^d. 

Th(»iv wxa altio en^ged, in tho ci»ninierciHl dejiart- 
lil«iit^>[ Hir liimifrnhi! Aruw iisfH, a gi^iithiiian hy tln^ 



caiue of RarDal7«s Brough, who I^jiJ ftmr brii^hlly d'^ver 
soRA HYti Ltva an devtr duii^'htt'iH It i^ only of two 
of tlR' Kniix iliat I inlt-iicl at pn'Sfiiit t^ speak, Th^e 
were Hobt^rt IJaniabjis mid WiiJiam. Mr. HivfUtrh, 
Bcntor, had been in bubinc^i^s ot Liverpool; und in tbct 
niightv city Kobcrt nod, 1 thiuk, Wilitam, had tried 
their ^pmiitiCT> Uiiuds in comic journaUsm, io & little 
|)ii{>LT c»IIed WiT hit-frpnol hion. Summoned by their 
sir*' to tliL' M<.'tixi[»oliK, KoIhtI. Iw-hiiiij' ^i ciintribiitor, 
both literary and artistic, to the Man in Mr Mo&n ; 
while the twn brothers IJrough very soon obtained 
celebrity iiH joiiit-uuthortt of burlit^quce at the Hay- 
markot Tbi-fttrc, Bcbcrt iiiiirnud XHss Kli7ah«?th 
Koioor, the daughter of a well-known w;it^'hiu:ikvr in 
Kivprpool, a kinsman of the famous English prfim ihnna 
MisK Koiiier, und nf Knmk Uointr, w pmfessor of niujiic, 
wljosr vAsxi, iiiU-x takiiiL,' the i^-iit j»ri/<> of ia. Si^EtJ^jr 
Wrangli'r at Cauibridfj^*. is now ati Engh^h judge, 
tinivcraiUy rei*pccted for hi?* learning', and vs widely 
<>gteom«d for the amiability of his character. 

It wa*i not only on the Matt in fhe Moon that 
Albert. Smith I'-ave inc t'niplovnii'iit ; ho w;LJt eon- 
tiiiTiiilly bringing out little bliilliii^ illustrated book» 
of waggeries — Natural lIiNtorie^ o! "the Gent," the 
"Medical Student/' "The liallet (Jirl," "Physiologies 
of Evening Parties." " Pottles of Strawberries," 
"Wassail Bcwl&" "Bowls of Punch" and ao forth, 
most, if not all, of which were published by Mr David 
Boffue, of Fleet Street, hard by the Church of St. Bride, 
ttnd OTi?r against thf iiuUliNhin^ nttici' of Pnjtvh, The 
artifitic wtiiir of thv Mni* in th*' Moc/i iiumbprf'd, in 
addition io your humble scrtant. d prolific draughtsman 
ly the nomtj of Archibald Henning, ot ivhom I ifhall 
have T^omethin]^ more to say anon, and Mr H. G. Hine» 
the drollest of dtau^htAmon, and oru* of the earli^ 
ot tile PuncS artists. He had alrendy attaiu<?d soin© 
tlf^gret"* of re[mi.itii>n iw an itrt!nt in watrr-roloure, 


\ud wad kuown araotij^ connoi^^eur^ a.s tlie L'xeciitaiifc 
a mo^t ftubtlc work in ii^juarollc, callt;^ " Ijoikdoii 
iu II Fog." 

Few, howev^i'j o( tko»{(> who knew bim uuHpected 
that* ill after yean*, lie was to be one of the mo^t 
r(>iiHnii^Uc>L]H iiieiiilitirs iif l,1u* 1iiiv;il tvK^ict} of l^tiiiti*n< 
in WiiU'i" Culours. Shiuiijc iutlrtu! ts Uic gt-iiesis 
some ol the Wiiter-colour artiaU wliom I liavc 
twii in my time. Louis Ha^lie. who was^ ori^itially 
«octie paitilerr oiul lo^t bis ri^ht huti<l by the 
;[jenit«ly mpkl runuiiig-duwn of Hk* cord of u 
windUso in the puititiDi<-room, I riMtemWi' aii ii 
|MLrtner in the lirni of \hy and Hughe, chionio-Htho- 
gm|)hic iirti?*t <*iigi-iivci's, iutiL |»riiil:i»rs, in iinU'. St.n*fd^ 
Lincoln's iiLU IVlds; while liirket Foster, tmothcr 
famous water- CO louridt, worked for a long titne oh a 
tdrmught^mi^n on wood for Kbenexfr LandelU* tite 
[lODgruvor. uiul fi>r Honry and Jaoies; Vi:tete!ly, wlvono 
offices were at l*i"tvrbor^>ii^h tourt, Flet't f^tn^et, uii 
part of the site of the ejcistin^ piUatiid hnreHUX of the 
DaiJo Ti'ff^mjjft. Tli«- fuUin^ renowned poiiiuyer of 
Kiigli«1i livur xylvan ^C(?nt'ry ihvw at Iciwt on^ coiiiii^ 
cartoon for Pu/icA. This wiui the travcaty of Ueorgt^ 
(.VuikAbankfi etchiiijc: of '*Jack Sheppard cttiviiii; bit* 
Xame on the Bcani " ; PartfA'^f " Juck *' b<^in^ Loi'd John 
Kuswll, when Prime Minister, 

To one of the little shilling book$, "A Bowl of 
Punch," I was called iijion by Albert to contribute 
ill list rations, tie lijul tninHlatr^l liur^erH '" Uallad of 
l*<'iK>rt- " ; and the marj^ins of the pages wore, 1 will not 
say adorucd, but illustrated, with tiny woodcut-vigncttijs 
from tny pencil. They were mainly soDtimentat ; and 
ftome of th«ni, an bc*Rtt<^d the biiUad, were ghastly; the 
mitpiratiou for the Iiut-uarncd boiuK ilerivod from the 
vutnptiions outliiiv illustraliouH to Kur^*?r, druwti tiy ihi; 
renowneil Moritx Retsch, the creator of th^ outlines 
illufltruting Uoetbo'.i *' Fauft; the " Fi^ht with the 




Drtgon," and of tlif- " P/arrvr't JbcAfer vm Tm»em~ 
AnrtL" My dniwm^ tlies^ ttitimbiuiil'viijiu'tti's led io 
my Wing intnuiiuvd, fir^l Ut Mr Buyut-, tliv miblislirr, 
and «nljsoc[ueatlj- to the Brothers Viwidljr. who 
engmveci my drawings on the blocks. 

At Mr Bogae'ft I often met dear old Gcoi^ 
Cruiktitiunk, to whom, n» a boy, I bad ^m^ wttb a 
portfolio full ot pen-and-iDk dniwiiif;:s, when be resided 
in Amwell Street, Pentonrille. I remember that he 

?;avv tin^ very goiid udvitv, CDiitisvlliiig m^ Ut lake 
b« (?ar1ieHt o[Jpj.>rtunity to begin Uie fdndy of nrtistic 
anatomy ; lor that, he suld, " will set you all right with 
youi' ]>elvi»: and what are yoii« and what can you do, 
if your polvis }» wmng?" I wiw wo ignorant at Uw 
time that I ob»cur{*ly iinagiriLxl thut the pelvi>« wus a 
convertible term for the stomaich-^ichf* ; "but in process 
of time, wheu T l>egjm to wt»rk in Carl StrhiJlers 
sttifliii, 1 riiiiiid iiitt all abunt the jiehrn, iuid nMUniiifHl 
a diligent stui.k'ut of artistic aimtomy until luy eyes 
refupted to servL^ mc, gniphitaliy, any longer. Licorge— 
if I may he allowed to use an Americauisni which ban 
iiImoKt h<?eom€ an English oxprosKion — batl pelvic on 
the brain- Many yyars afttrrwwtls I enjoyed tbu 
intimate friendship uf Watt^ Pliilllps t)ie dramntitft, 
whose plays, notjibly, the powerful dramn o[ Tir^ Dfrrtrf 
Ilvarf, ^hollld have brought bim i\ lurgi; fortune; but, 
ae a matter of tuct, it barely brought him food and 
shelU-r, Watts Philli|is, wbo wasamost facile dniught«- 
nian and pictorial humouriet, bad been an articled pupil 
of Ueorge LVuikshank; and it uitt^d to amuse me ei- 
ceedingty when hi* tidd nnj thsit Geory*^ Witx perpt'tually 
enjoiuing him to " take care of \n^ jwlvis/' without 
wlikdi, artifitically, no luiccesH could be attained. In 
tbib respt'ct I nm afraid Oeorge must be regardrd in the 
Ught of a guide-post. He sot you in the right direc- 
tion, but he did not tnivel tliither himselfi tind his 
fij^res exhibit few signs of anatomical proficicnov; yet 

rjuisa tiw woiiLDu 


Aid ray friend William Runn^n iha bnitlit-r of Mrw. 
U. H, llrough^ iLi»l who was a fitmlcut oi' the? Uoy»] 
Academr, tcU me that be bos often seen George Uruik- 
ttlmnk, when be must have been moit' than seventy 
years of age, aedidously rimwin*^ in the Life Scliool at 
Burlington Houm, durint; tb^ time wbeo Cbarlds 
lAnd»(«i»r, R,A,. was Keeper. More than half a century 
Wforp be liml been a pupil at the Koyal AcaJ*?iiiy 
ut SoEUPrset House, under tb«i Ket^jiei^biii of Keniy 

I ncod scarcely observe tbnt I required aometbiug 
more tbau tho sum whicli I famed by tlie little drawiuga 
T made for tbe J//r;i hi tJi^ .Ifoon and for Mr. Hoifue, 
to keep body and «oul togotbor. There was a Mr. 
FiU-Jame^, un actor of SDmc- note, who, tluriii^ the 
railway mania, bad turned outside broker — "stag" was 
the less (>)ritplini^ti6iry ix^rxix iippluM, in IS 15, to the 
financial Bohemian who huii^ about Cripel Court— and 
liad made a j^foud deal of money ; but cf^ ^»i mmt par la 
Jtmie f^n va jiof le tamhmit ; and Mr. Fitz-Jauies returned 
to the stagy. I knew lilin well, and he gave rae a 
letter t'> oi»e Mr ('alvt»rt, il *voud*uni^i'aver, who livM 
*'oTer till" Wilier/' in tbc- Btlvi^dt-ru Ro^kL Ijiinhrtb. 
Mr. Calvert wha not by any means a high-art sylograplujr; 
he waa, indeed, excihisively employed in preparing the 
blockri for the ilhislmtloti of a number o[ cheap, and it 
muHt be iidmitti^d, vul^ur wi^^kly publiciitioufl — promin- 
ent among whioh was a large shi^et OLdled the Pcnu^ Hun- 
ting TimeB : uud he also furnished tht> ilhiwinitloti:!! tu a 
Iju^ niimbfr of novi^U pidilished in weekly numbers, to 
which V(iMs ^xvew the ^ptrtIc title of " Peiiuy l>readhil«/' 
He himself employed the druugbtam^'D, who drew ou the 
blocks tho desi^'n which be engraved, or rather ehupped ; 
and he was ^bd to have my assistatici?, beeuuHe t 
hmd been «o lon^ in a theatre that I had an ejctea^sive 
knowledge of coKtuiueTt uf alnio^t every country and 
almont f^sery periocK Su be ^ct luu to work at onc«; 

ITS aJi^ita uyE -lyjj At/y£yruuiii>* 

iiiid T usi'cl lo ^|»elul fruia thr<?e t*i four hours irvery 
iiKtrnLiig At hi» «tu<lin in iW* IVlveili.-t^ Koail. lie was 
an Ltdd fi^li : lie would work dcspcraU^ly )i»rd until 
dinner time, which was at one p.m> ; but ufU'i- tlwvi 
n?pafit he would not d[> another stroke of work ; and for 
the r^muindfr of the afleniotin and evening he demoted 
hinihr)f t4> ix-cre»tion — chiefly, 1 should »iLy, U* jikittU-**. 

I should add that the Pftm^ Strndag 7Vw/nr aihI 
the "Penny Dreadfuls" were i\x^. pmperty of u Jlr, 
Edward Ijloyd — ftfttrwnTfl» to be very welMcuowu a8 
the fouudur and proprietor of hioyd's H t^kly Xt-rcffa/^r 
—who, towards the close of hi& life, wji« vlecU-d by 
the PoHtii^il Committee of the Uer*>rm Club a member 
of that distinguished body. Murders were the topics 
which T ^'eucrHlly treated in the /Vvyr Sftiiiitjf Tixut'it; 
iiiid wlirn there was n, hick of ussaAsi nations, oni.? ImiI to 
Tail back upon auch tcpxji jla child-nteaiin^. incendiamm, 
burghiry undci- arm:?, and the inHiction of the knout on 
Kufimik priuofrtstf*. Tht titles oE the " Penny l>read- 
fule," with one exception. I forget; but th«r« were 
j«coro« of them. The one which I recollect was a 
n)manL'e of the days uf Kdward IV,, and it htire 
the attractivr title t.l " Tlu- \UmU of th-^ (lr.idU«,'' 
The author of this n)arrow-fi¥ezin>,' fiLtion was an old 
[jontlennm named ijaville Faucit, who had been, I 
iaucy, an actor and a pluywrigUt> imd who wari the 
father of tlio delightful actross, Miss Helen Fauoit, 
now Ljwly Martin. Mr. Edward Lloytl. Mr. Culvert, 
iiiid 1 got on very well on the whole for several 
months; althonj^h, on one ocoasion^ tlie pro]metoi 
o( the " IVnny Drcjulfuls" sent int* a mild letttr 
of reinonstnmcc, begging nic to put a little more 
vigour into my dntwingii on wood. "The <?yo8," 
h« wrote, '*must he lan:er; and there must be more 
blood — mudi mon.^ blood ! *' 

Calvert ha^l only one lusistant Jix a wood en- 
fjraver; ibis wb« an aged practitioner, by tlw mimo of 

FJ<7-Y'-' Tin: wimuiK 


AnnnfruHi^. a |»ei%<ui wlioiik I s\vA\ always n?niPTnl*^r, 
and will) W!i^, io m(\ hiiiL^iilurly lIlt<?^c■^till^, in:i>imiLc1i i\^ 
he Imd been a ]iupil of Thomas IJetviL^k, tin* frtthm' ot 
niod<*rn f^^Iisli ffoiid-iMi^'nLviii^^H II'- liinl 4 ^Irltj^litfnl 
nU>rc of stcrus t** \A\ \f\v abmit Berwick himself, fihoiif 
Ilip3 pu])ilK, Hurvi>y unt] LantWIls, iiul hiike OlErnnell ; uiul 
he could renwmher wlieii Jijhn Gilbert, th^n \.\\i\W x 
lail, had hef^iiu t'l luakf ilrawin^ im wiitji), unci ivfiiihl 
9fxx*pl MO jtiiiati A KiiTii »A luill iL ^iiliiffu foT tiTi iiiitiat 
letter. A ;;ood many oubsidp draiiglitsnicn wcio en- 
ployed by Calvt^rt ; and amon^ thorn wa^ Kobc^rt Cruib- 
tthutik, the brother ot the [anioti^ (teorge. There was 
also an urti^^l, u'Iiomu- luiino I for^^^l, who, in the iXixy^ ot 
the " AiitHii*I>i,'' and " Ainuh't>i,"' mid " Ket-pwikufe," aud 
"OflerintfSn" and * Poryet-Me-Nots." find other sump- 
tuously illu?itriited glft-h<»oks, h;*d been employed to 
inakr i\\e [H^ncil'driwiiigH fur tlier litie'rii^ravrrTt t(» wurk 
frofn. More df^licatc pcuLnlliuf^ than hia 1 hiivc rurcly 
behctd : but it waa himcntflblc to ace his beautiful crows- 
hiitehin^ ruthlessly stashed by Calvevt'rt graver and 
«hiiditii^ tools; whih* piK>r <>M Mr. Armstrong, who in 
his day hiwl t'xe<;ut<'d work of the hii^ho^t kiinl. wju fivin 
to be :l1i»o :l " j^cjmjx-r ** mid a. shuhrr, btH^aunr tho 
engmver ciuild ijot allonl to [my hiiu a HulIicLoiit lium 
ijraally artistic tvork. 




Tho P<x't Bunn'§ "Woid with /Vm^A"— Aly Colleclin^ CniBrt— A |h>»ible 
Viwd Cuuw — Li'nmm^ ti> I-Llcli— Fint AppoHTAncf in Print — Anti-Prcm^h 
Pitjlinw in T*on<ion anil the Vi'ad'iriiim of Mo^tr CrittQ at Dmn' Lane— 
Ajtpuinted E<iitf-r of CA^:— Swinn i\ Sjif^ial (^niUiblo— Utisi'* MisUko in 
the KiitionnI Anthem — M^'ditiun dnd LoynUy at th« Opcm. 

T GOT ratlier tired of ''Penny Dreadfuls" about the 
beginning of 1848. A firm of engravers in Paternoster 
Row, by the name of Nicholls, gave me a remunerative 
commission for a series of reduced copies of Kaulbaeb h 
charming illustrations of '* Reynard the Fox"; while 
for Kbenezer Landells, also a well-known wood engraver, 
I drew tbe illustrations to Alfred Bunn's " Word with 
Punvlt." To Landells belongs the credit of being the 
founder of the first illustrated newspaper specially 
intended for the edification of the fair sex. This wan 
The Jjad^'s Neicspaper^ for which I made many drawings j 
and I should say that the familiarity which I was 
obliged to acquire with regard to frills, flounceSi and 
furbelows, togetlier with my experience as a periodical 
stocktaker in tbe wardrobes of tbe Princess's Theatre, 
gave me that taste for collecting fushions and fashion- 
books, which has been one of my many literary crazes. 
Among the others are a pei":jistent and fierce desire 
of getting together everything graphic or plastic 
relating to Napoleon the Great and. the Duke of 
Wellington- Next in intensity I note the craze of 
collecting cookery books : that penchant I ascribe to 
having been, as 1 have before pointed out, practically 
taught to cook when I was a boy. An almost equally 
active propensity to gather up various editions of 
"The State Trials/' "The Newgate Calendar," "The 

Q^n'Tisa o*v. 


any oAA volumes nf tlw " OM Haiicy Sessions Papera '* 
that I can come across, I cannot, easily ;Kxoiint Ibr. 
lint everything haa itn final cau!«4>. The niml caujfc 
of brofttl ir* to be €Ut^u ; of n sooiillod iiDprc^fibl<> 
forties, t^j b4J hikmi ; of u bur^'lar- proof sufo, to be 
r4>rced open by burglar*. Perhaps the fin^il canse of 
my ei^lleotinif criminal literature will W thiit I Hhall 
be hangrtr 

1 still yearDcJ for that regular employment which, 
although at A rtdicnloiiHly fininll salary. I ha^ enjoyed 
at the Prince,sK'fi. Tjikiiij^ thi- ^Hiti woeks with the 
hail ones, I could earn, when 1 wa^^ about niDc^tr<Mi, 
some thirty-live ^1iillin|rt^ :i wtok ; but theiv were wi^eka 
when I liiJ not earn innre tlmn ten or twelve silullin^s. 
T alviay?( IJvHil in Ji g;irivt, rn><i in M;ir^i.rr'lp KLritrt, 
Oftvvn(li*h Scjinin". nt?;it in Ciirlisili^ Stre*»t,, Si>ho, and 
then in Poland iSlrect, Oxford Street. In the last-named 
thoronghfare lived a copper-plate engraver* in who?*o 
*J»op window there wna a very beautiful working nio^Vl 
of a coppor-plnte printinj^ pregn. I can woo the wheel, 
the roller, the btmket, and the tiriy copper-platt* now. 
I <Kiiild already draw minutiOy, if nnt s^nniirtrieally, in 
peji and ink, anil I resolveil to teach myself t<> rtcli, 

1 dined for a wci!k on breiid and cheese — .Homctimc!^ 
on the bread without the cheese— and I purchased 
Fielding a "Art of Engraving," which cost me, I think, 
fifteen shillinjfs. Then 1 bought a good-sued plate and 
n *rl of i-lehin^ t<Jiitx ; and after tliivf.- or fmir ilJNTnsd 
fatluu's, Imanagwl lo"lay the t^ruund'^of antl "fenjukr?" 
my plate. A carpenter made mo a large square frania 
oTer which J stivtehed a sheet of silver papir, and 
whiob 1 attached by rneanH of a string to tlj*> window 
bolti ftnd then I work(*d with a will, covering the 
plate with varioiiT) designs executed with more *>t loes 
elaborate cross -Iintching- I shall never forget the 
childixh delight which I experiencnl when I saw the 


f^ALVS UFK AXD jnvy;xTinih'f^, 

laborioii?^ work of my cUhing nccdlo sbinin^ m a 
gloriniH iiftUlfn not-\vrrt*k tliriiii™l» tho salJ^ rnmish 
ol tlu' ''groninl.*' 1 hml <^aivfiiily I'f-fl'l :i»fl n'-Pfwl 
Fi>Uliii;;"v i1tr^'tiiiii<« f<ir u^iiig tV ii'|ii.ifortN, poiirinf* 
it tifl'. juvl '*sti>piiiri^ *>iit * ; Wt I fi»lt iK-i'v^nis on tlie 
suIgM, iiufl riiTi«ii1tii)^ til"" truWmmi fmni wliom I 
liaff |)iirr.Iia?ir<l th*' \i\i\ti\ \ went, Uy lii* wlviiw, if* a 
practical pictorial en^;rravcr who lived in a court off 

'i'hi^n* wns rot t\io slightf^ftt prid<^ nWnt Itim, for T 
found liim in )n^ ^Inrt-filfH^ves in a room full of i^quidliri^ 
elitldi^n, witli a short pipe in liiu mouth and a pot 
of Iiair-}ini1*liair by his siile. 1Il» wreed to '* bite 
in " tny yhiiv for iii<< for st<veti and Hivpt-nc^^ and 
to liftve it ready for mc in a couple of Jays, 1 paid 
down in advance lialf the stipulated sum; but when 
at the appointed time [ i¥tiini(Hl to the court off 
Drury [jan<s I found, to my horror, tijut tho tmgrav^^r 
who ! no prido about him had treated my poor 
nit'ilh'-work as nithleswly as Calvert used to treat the 
delicately drawn hloek** Huhinitt^Hl U\ him. My ilelicaite 
croii^-hatcliing had hrcit bitten into by !«plodgeJ( of 
biftek, and in j^nu* in^^tancea unsightly liole» had been 
htirnt in the copptT. Obviously he had used too strong 
:m aoij, or be had allowed the aqualortitt to reiuuiu 
too looi; on the plate. At all ovf>nt$i> thd diffa^tar put 
uift for ;i I'f.Ttiiin timi? altoyrthiT out of couovit with 
etching, nrnl evi^i with drawing. 

Ilow it occurred to me, T declari! that 1 am wholly 
unahlo to remember, but it murtt have Iwen vory shortly 
after the catai<tropho of llie coppcr-platc, that I made 
up my mind that I would try ana write something 
for the poriodicjd press, I had already made one 
appearance in print — that liad been in tlK* winter of 
1H45. when I mM a short stwry tiiilM " Chtw Ijoo 
Kwan^; or, Thr Stji^ of" Pekiu," to the dear old 
Fumily Herald, It was an a]>ol[3gue hnrlesquiiig the 

Ch'triNG ON. 


railway mania and the exploits of one George Hadson. 
then known uri iho KhUwav Kin^. 'J'Ik' Mory was, tct 
my gn-ftt a^NiniKliini^it ami dHight. iiiHi^rt^Hl in tin* 
F'twfif f/''r/rM; but I wm so raw -so "jjivfii " 1 imiy 
wiy — :it the time, that. I n^^vni" asVed to In? |mid Tor 
it; anti i%'ht>ii ni OhriKtri»iT4 IJiiii' I stnil in another 
htory whi^rh wa* called " Hiiniard Hnid<Ilr*.srn>j^s/* and 
which 1 know was a shamelesji imitation of iJickcus's 
"Christmas Carol/' the Httle contrilmtion was neither 
]>uh]ighed nor n^ttiraod to me. Onte inon> 1 waa so 
v«nJAnt Umt I diJ tmt ask to huve my maniucript 
returnH. Experience keeps a d<?iir school, htit Ui(*U 
will leam in no uthi^r. T was furtiier ili!i;(-onra^f-d hy 
the ivc^pticjii urnirdf'il hi my liiu'.sl lih-rary effort by 
my mother's frieud* at Brti^hton. A reverend g»M»tle- 
man, whose name I am happy to have forgotten, 
pointed out that there wero ftpvcm! unjuatifiahlo 
ilivoroeK between my noniinativf^* and ai^i^usativt? cast*** 
— n5 if 1 ^ver kiu'w anything iihimt thi' uoiniiiatlvt^ 
or »ecii>4Mtive rase^! — sind an anth<»re«s tlw.-n sotrirwhat^ 
popular. MiAK T^uisa SU'wnrt rVr^telln. opined tliiit 
in attempting antlior.ship I liful entirely mistaken 
my vocation. Her brother, however, I>ndley Cur<teIlo, 
who Imd been a captain in the army, and wa« well 
known as a niBgazine writer, bade me be of good heart ; 
but for the time I lost that heartj and between 1^45 
and 1H4S I wmte Ufithin^r for [)t:hlieatiou. 

In Ffbrimry of the year jnst mentionm], their broku 
out that revolution in France which, after three daya* 
cama^, bdrlrd Lonis Phi!ip|>i^ fn^m hi^ throne and 
drovo that p*dilic monarch and Iii* family into exile. 
1 ikcareely think that the oddly-assorted ^^athenn;* *>t 
politieinus who formed tlie Provisiomd Gorernntent 
after the Kepuhlic wa* proclaimed, were unanimous 
in desiring Uw nhi>]itiiin of the mcKinrrhy. Ledrn 
IWiin and Armard Marrast may have- lirrn sincere 
Kepuhlicaofl ; bat I apprehend that Lamartinv the poet. 

IV8 tfJ/i-r6' /JW AXO ADVKXriTHKfL 

and Arago tlu^ ikttrouomor, utid OJilon Burrot and 
€!r^nuciix wf^re moro ^pociiltitivu thun militant domo- 
cratv. At all yv^nts, the revolution of Februm^ had 
to mn its appointed course ; to be sncceeded ator four 
yeafs' pbiiidcriiif^ iuu\ lili]]i<l(-riii|^' liy tin* uiiM*rtipulo(iv, 
but on ttiv wliok' ivftlutary, despotism of the S«cond 

One of tlic earliest rcaultft of liberty. Equality, and 
Fraternity in France, was the violent expul»^ion thcns 
from of a hir*^t» nundx'i" of Kn^lish workmen wbo b^ 
been employed in Frent-Ii fucloriwi. Tins excited ai suffi- 
eiently Imd fft*Hntf in tbis country af;^iust France ; And 
till' Wliiti; wii< liirtlK-r embiUvrfd hy Ihr iiiriwil in 
England of the uompj^ny of tin* FariTtiivu Theatre lli^ 
torique, who, under the niatingonient of M, Ilofttein, 
proposed to give at the National Theatre, l>rary Lane, 
Alexandre l)uma«'a interminable drama of Motth" Cfhto, 
When [ say int^'rminablo 1 Hpvak relatively^ but ih^ 
hiillcy drnmH in question did extend over at Irnsti two 
iiigbtA- Tlit'fitniml. literary^ and jounialifltic London 
waii forthwith .^plit up inU' two cami>H. There were 
the UallicanH and the antt-Uultican^ ; one faction 
inaiatiDg that M. Hostcin and hie iroupc should 
be reoeived with cordial hospitality ; the other v^lie- 
mently proteKtiti^' tigainst " a paek of foreij^ner« " being 
allowed to usurp the boards of old Dniry, 

On the first night of Monte Vri»to HOmething 
t;k<> an "t).P," riot toot plaeo. 1 was in it, on the 
aiiti't.hillican side. 1 w;ls a pugnacious youth with 
a f;reut capueity for quarrelling and getting my head 
punched ; and X think that on the evening in queation 
I emerg^'d from the auditorium of l>rury Lane with 
my (3lothe« torn Imlf off my back, my hat crushed 
into a piilp, inid my vik^i^i^ deeoivitrd with at* least ont^ 
black eje, luoht jij*,suTPdly not of a lovely apix^araato. 
The turbulent pittites hooted the French actors, tlircw 
potatoea and cabbage iitumpn from tlie ^uljacent market 

tir:rriso of. 


on to thf" Htaffie, BnA Eiven pelted witli analogous mlssileft 
Alliert Smith aiul n Ktror^ \*'Atly ni OulHcitJi^ wlin w^'rc? 
M*at4'<l in tlie front row of ilio dri'ss-cirtrle. Sn violent, 
indeed, wa* Uie ]>artlaanHlitp di^|lli^y<?d on the cccasion, 
Uiat it led to a tonipoiary rupture between kind old 
Albert Smitii und tuysetC ClinrU-s Mntlunvs ihi^ come- 
diiin, jmd Beverly the «uent*-iminter. wore altiO strong 
OaUopbobes. The performance of Moftfi Cn'jrh nt aid 
I)rurj" wiiH Hwiftly discontuined : bnt the triuiiipli of 
■Inhn nullihiii ilitl m>t pui im- intrii ihtr tt:iy ijf re[i;Liring 
jnjr dumaged apprcl or procuring n new hat, 

Something, Jiowc?cr» I felt must ba doup. under the 
rirruniKtiiDces ; ho I wrotn i\ poem in the "Tom in- 
pildathy " metre, and aUIed it ''The Battle of Mont« 
Cristo/' ThiK Incubnition 1 forthwith took t*> the office 
of Ciaf^ n little halfpenoy weekly paper published at 
Stti, Strand, tlie went corner of Holywell Street: 
— pff^tnisrs whirh are at prenrnt orrii]>ied by ilie sbojt 
of a weU-knowii bookseller. There wiw no editorial 
fanctum at the C&<j/ ofAcQi and the proprietor, Mr. 
Frederick Marriott, was sitting' behind the c-junter 
by the tilde of tlie edit*>r, Mr. Thomas LittU-ttin Hult^ 
wlit[« th« publi»hrM', whos^ name I subsL^quently found 
w» Wilks, discreetly neeupied n atool at a hiub des^k 
in the backgmuiul. Mr. Marriutt very eivilly read 
toy ]X)em, giving ;it the .same time, from the till, 
chniige for n j^hilUn^ to a buiull boy who had come to 
bay four ixfpies t>f t'^W, Then he? handed the verees 
to the editor, Mr Holt, a middle-aged gentleman, with 
very bufthy whiskers, and— a rarity in thoso day* — 
iiionHtn'']i4'H, Mr HolL wii^j^eil hiis bead approvingly; 
am) Mr. Marnt^tt infoiTiic^ me that he pihould be very 
my i>oem ; ajid lie handed mo a 
that there wu» no need for me to 
hare a proof of it, ils the editor could touch it up and 
make it, if it wai^ thought desirable, a "little tpieior." 

The jmbiication of "The Battle of Monte Cristo" 

glad to [lubliAh 
•overeign, raying 



led to mv ooijlnbiiiin^ pvtTv w^k Kluirt iirliclw, 
tvi>nl(|-)>o liiniinmiis po<*iii*i. Eiiid rnmic [lAm^raplift to 
iJiftf . aint in alifmt hix w^^'k?* Mr. Marriott, lo tnr 
?*ur]irfs«^ ivuA joy. toW m<* (hat Mr Holt wiL-* leJiving 
liini to Htart u p&i»(?r of \i\^ ow^n ; and tlmt hv lilioulj 
by vory ploasecl if I woiiKi .xlit the papfr. I wjw 
juBt twenty yeiirs of o^;**, iiiid I know iw miLcli ationt 
editing ft* I did »Wnt driviti^^ a lueinw»tiv^ (^ii^iiK*; 
l>iit I Ht oTice accepted tli<? pest, and very sown 
maf'tei'efl Uie inediiutlcal di>l.ails of a {filling wtiich I 
Wiut d'-^liiird U> [nirsiu- long Hft**rwiinl* timl^'r very 
diftciv-nt circumstunccf. TIk* salary aiia i^miilL Imt 
it wua quite enough [or my nrede : and it wiis paid 
with unllag);jing punctuality ov(*ry J^atnrday momiuff 
a,t seven o'clock, when tho jkublication ot C^ff/ tout 
j>Uct*^ tin* Unit proceeding of Mr Wilk* lifiiig to 
my liis ovrn Kal&ry and mine out of tJir cash received 
imm thi» newsvendors" boys. 

The ])osition wha altii^Hher a fitranj^ cue for a 
young fellow who had not jct tjonio to ht^ twenty-first 
yttit. Tndocd, I bo iniperfi^ytly reeognincd tho fact 
that I was *iti!l a minor, that two diiys bf.'foit» the 
iTifHueiitoiis April lOth, 1S4S. I went doAu to 
Marlhomn^h P<ilice Cinirt, ;ind was duly Hwoni in 
iw a ^p!cilli constable, in view of the contingf?ncy 
of a not at the grcjit Chartiwt miiL-ting on Kcn- 
nin^ton Common, at which the tiory dcmocmt, 
JVar^iifi 0'Conm>r, vra* to preside. My publisher^ 
Mr, Wi!k«, was; sworn in at How Street, and had 
his stjttiun firaij^ncd him in tht- conrlAard of Stfinvnt^t 
Ifmi^*', which inimcn'^f edifice Wiis adttitionally cmw<led 
with regular troo{w. The Bltiea weiv in the ba^emeiifc 
in Lancaster Place ; but they were inviaihle throuijhout 
the day; n» were the whole of the 20,000 ^oJdier^ 
hopse, foot, and tlroccons, who bail been <ii»itrihiit*Kl 
all over the metroptwis by that great master o( tactics 
smd strategy. Field Marshal the T>uke of Wellington, 


K.U. There were eoldieni in the pm(>nfi; 8oldlor8 in 
tiit^ workh<Hi»Mf?i ; Koldierji in the boapitalA; Life tiuiirds 
MxA Li|;lit [)ni^ooii» ill the livery mUWl'-s; but not a 
rx"cl-coat WAS tc I>t' strcii. 'I'lic j^rcMTVatioii of laiw 
and order wax entirely eatinsted to tlie MftropuliUn 
Folice. under tlie oitler* (*( CommiHaionem Maync und 
Itowan. wliu carried out tlieir instructions witli admir- 
able discretion, ^jood-tcmpon und tirmncss ; and the 
special contitableH, of ivboiu there were, I »^boutd smy, 
aboQt S0,0IJ0, wer« niiisned ;it certain ceiitml poiuts, 
but wrn? not, liappilj. wtlli-d ujjun to iii^t- 

I wa* [Xfsted m St. Jjimi^&'s dnircliyjird. I'lccEulrlly ; 
and a reniarkiibly odd ^'a^tliering &on\G people m^y have 
ooDBidcrcd up. Mr Kmijamin Luniley, k^sscc and 
nuiiUL^r ol Hor Majesty's Theatn- in tlie Haymarkct. 
h%d brouglit tlown tlie whole of lii» ciLrpentors and 
fioene-sbifter^ all properly attested, and all pri»vided 
Willi sttout wooden truitetieonM, There \im\ beeu no 
time to piiiiLt ihini*^ batons; Ktilt theiv cuuld be nu 
doubt tbiit the raw timber could be reckoned upon to 
udmiDiater the mot^t 8oundiug: oi ibu'ttj^ks to Koditiouit 
pateo bad the occasion dem;Liid(Hl. The iissiatimtn of 
nftarly overy trude^mun in Piccadilly and Begont Street> 
to^etticr with the tradespeople themselves, bankers and 
Miliiritors and their clerks, actors, and doctors, siiid 
*■ men alxfut Uirtn," were baiuled togi'tlicr^ for the nonce, 
ia iwrfecL equality and biirtnoriy ^'lose Ui mo wns the 
th^ji Earl of Cbealerficld^ and not fur ofl', with n 
badge at his button-bole or round his arm, I tor^ct 
which, and ]n» truncheon in one kid-gluvod iiand> 
v:m» a f^entlenmn cf middling tttaturcv und with a very 
heavy nkoiLhtoehe. This was Prince Louis Xapoleon 
ilotiapartv ; lit? was just forty years «f agi' ; be bad 
returnetl to Kmna? iiniiiedLaUJy uiVr the Revolution of 
February ^ but tli<? Provisional Goverucnent b^td politely 
rfique9t4Kl him to take bimsolf off again to the place 
whence be came. 



On the ni^lit of Saturday, the Sth of April, 1 went 
to Uic Rojal Italian Opcni, Oovont (iiirfUn- Whiit 
th« opent WAJi I furget : b^it I kiiuw th^it I ii€uri1 tht^ 
famous barit4>iie, or, rather, dtrAxv tauttmie, Fornaiori. 
The audience was an immeTLse one; but it \f^ rc^itlaftt 
thn>ughout tbc lirat uct of the opem, aiid cncs for 
"<3od Save the ijueen '* grrew every ten ininute?* louder 
and louder. At the end of the first act, the National 
Autiiem wai^ ^ung -. eitch of the prineipaU taking a 
ve^!s^^ The eir^ct wsi^ altt>^th<*r inugiiiririMit ; but 
there wiu just one hrief ripph' of ineiTimenb when 
UrLsi Hitn^ the verrte upportiuned to her. 'Iliat y^on- 
derful Kaittairicc could ricvt^ master the pronnndation 
of the English hmguage. Qunrrcllin^ with Manu 
once, and having denounced him in Frencjh nod 
Italian, she thought that, by way of a chao^, she 
would ahuKt- hitii in English, ^hc wished tu bestow 
upon him iho opprobrious epithr-t of " beggar " ; but 
she could not succeed in calling him anything else but 
a '^ ba^rtr<\" Similjirly, dear Mrs, Stilling, ha^'ing to 
act th<^ part of ii heroine %vlio spoke broken English, 
and wishing to cull th[; Wilnin of the piece a trtiitor 
in French, addref^sed him as iraitenr. Kjxm iii Covi*ut 
Giardeu made only one nmtake in her verse. She sang — 

Fnuttnte tbvir knaviiili tricia ; " 
mt instead of ringing — 

" In Thee otir hopos wc lix/' 

she gave the new readiD;^ of — 

■< In TlkH« cnr liopeA wo *fiVi&'* 

The audience had no time to lau^h ; for a momoil 
altarwards a person at the buck of the golkrr wfUt 
m ill-ad vised a;* to hii^s the National AntWm 
generally- I shall never forget the thunderous sound 



wbich iimiit*(1ial>*ly fii]1iiw<v1 tins riLsli mcI ; it was ttwj 
Btmnd of the imliviiliMl wlm had hi^?«ecl Wiitg kicked] 
down six flight;) of stair^v, 

Tlic lime between February an^ April, 184S, waa 
a very troublouft uiic in thoao kiot^oms. Tli^re 
were riotK in Glasgow, and in a few Englihti pro- 
vincial towns. Ireland was fiimmenotf witli discon- 
tent ; wnd Smith Onrien, Mitcht*], and '* Mi-sighi^r 
o( the SwonI" luid Irt'eii arrfrstet] for SL^ditioiis writing 
and »|>paVing; two of tliem tu be artpiwards trii^d and 
€onvict*'d for thp more serioiifi offence of high tnM;**rii. 
In London the XJhurtiat» wort\ to say the Ica^t, tmublc- 
mmc; Jind there was a snuill Physical Force parly 
who odvocAted extreme mea^ureti, and one of whoea 
tfiaders — a black man l>y the nama of Cnffy — was 
tried for tr<'rtson-Woriy ami trmi^jwrUtl, Tmfalgar 
Square was in a chronic Htatv of imrest ard seini- 
84^itiouft tumult: and for a very ethort period the 
Metropolitan polic*! wen^ armed witfi ciithifscs. I 
note tho [jicti ftincc in Ti'.' Jfftft in tic }fQOH there 
appeared a vignette r^jreseuling a police-constablo 
r&qrteT^tinj; a civilian to '' move on/' Tin* rcijuest 
WHH acconijianii-d by :i blow from the eiitUii^M, whicU 
sent the civilian'^ lu-ad Hyinjj nmnd tht* comer of the 
next street. I canaift cxatily remember whether it 
was my pencil which waa responsible for thin comment 
on public affairs. 




Ao '* AimtmliMn NifEKl*' Knl<irUii]tii^rl""l^<H|injr up OvnriLt liti.-tvlQi9^ 
Tlw OM n<.^uJinA'Rmin«f tlicDnii«lj Munrujii— TboDiM^IilW, Ihc BukH- 
W-»viB- I'-rl I>[^uu[u: tVilitiitH A NcaW Trtp-Uiafi -Hi*. WtftuT— 
SKuqiil i1»iil|»— ITiB HttlE^p -Vhf Uirri^Mljon rjf * rti.miwr''— Tba Klilur 
KjiitTrii " TUtH TiOik ^klln'mnM^lf Stoker"" ''t' i^^lA U4rf^mt\i,t(^irK.m 7%f 
trautt iv tt/f^AtUi luAct Mi^nkiin nnd ^'<^ UDtmnuntol |'ruclii1lL«— IjtL 

MtANWiiiLK I luwJ quite oiiouijh to tW witli my 
ta«k of editing C^trf, I wrote nearly the whole 
of tho paper uiyii^lf; of couriw with koiuc slight 
a«(!siHiicv rmri (Ir* ruiiiilmr [lu^tif-put Aud tlie harm- 
less, neci'Ksary srisfiors, Our coiitrilnitorA woit* very 
few, fur the sufllcin^ re;i>oii that the proprietors capital 
wa» a somewhat limited one, and that Ciat wa» not 
H very prosperous enterprise. Mr, Holt sL-ut it culiimn 
of "copy" now and agnin ; and W€ had ii tolerably 
re^la^r contributor In the penton of a certain Heury 
ValeiitiJK', who Imd W'*'u a thi^ntricnl "dresst^r," and 
hud a number of queer stories to tell louriiing the v^i\lt 
Keau, Charles Mayne Younge, Vandeiihoft' Macready, 
Phripp*, and othi-r shininjj lights af the dramatic pro- 
fession. My own con tribul ions, exclusive of oountle;43 
paragraphs oi dramatic criticisms, comprised a serica 
o£ c&says, callcMi "A Xatunil History of Beggars'*; 
aud u ^ries of tm^i-eoniical tiil^», suppo^d 
to hav« been related by convicts at the Antipodes^ 
white lying tn tlielr hanintucks afWr sunset; and 
io these (atles I gave the eomprehi-mivrr title of "The 
AmtndiiUi Nights' ii^ntertaiumeiit/* l^ittk did I 
think that I waa de?*tint'd «i a: -and -thirty ywir* after* 
wards to travel in AuKtniha lUiJ to heur luufili 

KASIY DAV^ OF i^riiJ.jmiViyG. 185 

Atmnger taira 111 an I liad woven about [;er!ioiis of 
both sexfn, mho Uacl left tl>eir coniitry for their 
country's pjod. 

One. of my iiion<^ was tliat relating to a convict, 
who, with his mate, escaped into the bush, where 
thf»y rail !*hort *>f prnvisions ; to a^^nivati^ matt^nt 
iUv tvTM HiM-aU <]iiiirn-lk-d. aiiil in a brawl oih> of thvin 
was kitlt-d. The Bitrvivor was nsked wluit bin n«xt 
)m>ri-#<Iing Wiw, to wbkli be ,T^]>b<-d, vej-j" pbilo^ojibic- 
ally. "1 iiU.' biiu/' If you bnvc ever I'biincretl to 
read Mnrcud Clarke 'ft ''For the Term of His Natural 
Life/" you vrill come across borrora not mucli less 
harrowing thin those which I set down in the Uttie 
ba]r|A.-iiiiy |mt)er. Tlwrt- iiuiy bt* ;i rtst!«oii Tor tbift. 
MdTrni; Clarke, wbu was many y(»iir^ my jtuiinr, 
»e«ma to buve ^mt* to tbr veiy same wmiveh of in- 
formation limcbiii)^ c^mviet-life that I n*M>rted to in 
ISIS. In \S7t\ br WAS ai>pointcd iissiMtont-libmrian 
in the public library at Melbourne, uml mUKt bnvo 
Mtiulied attentivt^ly the blue-books relating tu convietH 
in New Souch Wales and Vau Uiemeu's Limd —now 
IWoiania : Victoria tu*vi-r huvjii)^' l^t-eii, bickily, a 
convict colony ; althoiigb them wiis, tii urn.* |}crTod, 
a penal establisbrnf-nt fit William ^^town. tbf^ port of 
Mclbimrne, where^ in March, l^li7, Price, the auper- 
intendont, wa* murdered by a gang of eighty oonWots, 
who nearly tore Ibe unhappy offii'ial to pipce*. 

\ow. in iti4^, 1 biLd h^nn toJliuL^ tbron^b tiualof^us 
convict liteiature in the leaJin^-room of the library 
of tJie ItritUh Mo.'tt'nru It w;jit one of my i-ariii'st 
literary friends, Mr. Fivderick (iuest Tomlins, a well- 
known journalist, political writer, and dnimatic critic, 
who gave me a letter of r^^comra Laudation to Sir Henrj- 
iUiis. the predecessor of Sir Antonio Pauim a* chief 
librarian of the Mu«eiim. The impo«tn^ Pantheon* 
Oiujjcd Hall of Study, deviwtl by Piuiiwfti, hjul luit y^t 
Uvn erected; and tbo reailing-rotan wa>4 a s]iaciun», 


but rather musty 'Smcltiu^;, up{irtTm-itt ou tlie fin^t 
floor of olJ Montage tIou»6. Tbe first book I a«ked 
for naa DujrdaleV '* Moiui^tieon/' a work whid^ I liad 
coiitiuuH,11y becii rvft'rreil tn, Imt iijK^n a nijiy nf wliicli 
I bad liithcrto ncwr ixca foi'tunatc i^nougb to statublr. 
Tb«n I bepm to browise amon^ the lilae Docks, and 
tliose touching Australia oxercUed tio grim a fiu^cination 
over me that I begun to conoeiv« Uie id«a uf ' Thr 
Austrdiiin Nij^iiU' Knb-rtuinment." Thoi^e taJ««, 
togptlier with ' Tlir Natural History of Beggars/' are 
past praying for. in m literary sense. The business ai* 
raiigcnicntsof ^'jfir^/«io»iay nothing of tlicjoiinkalixticofieft, 
were carried on in » slightly rongh aTuI nady I'ri^hion; 
and for mnuy month:) the publisher omitted to comply 
with tbs law re<)uiring the depoeition in the Museum 
library of a copy of yvery book, newspaper, or p^riodicul 
issued from the prvMs, I am al'raid that my hU^rury 
cnntrihtitions U» Ciiji are not to W Found in Great 
Kusscll Streetn 

The little journal wa» printed lor a while by a 
Mr. Hock, whotfc plaa' of bu^lne^ was over il*e waWr, 
closiT to the Klcplmnt and CWtlc^ and at his office, 
whither 1 repaired every Friday to correct my proofs, 
I frequently' met a j^oniewhat singular man of letters of 
whom the preHcnt grnrriiiion prouahlv known very litMt* 
— if, ind(.-t*d, it kiioWH un^ tlung <it hIT Thi?^ w^us '^lolna^ 
Miller, whom the priutent* readers were fond of c^lliDg 
■'the btwket-weav-irg poet/' He had been indeed bred 
to the humblf^ but u'^tctul tratK> of basket-making ; and 
had, early in Uiv, come up to London from the country 
with a gootl dt-al of poetry, but a vory fow peucu, in bis 

I lockets Suine notice was taken of him at tbe outlet 
)y M>t:iefcy and by the critical joitrnalH, Hit was a 
gcniiin oF tht-^ Bloonifield and Kirk White oixior, and 
wrote delightfully about rnral life. When I Uul^w him 
he waft iibout forty. 1 liked his proRO better than Ids 
])oeiry. In particular he was the author of n. muvt 


vigorous And picturc#<|ue novel called *' Cltdccn (iilee 
Um? Koper "' ; nod a modern playwright miffht d^y worae 
tliati *iisitit<?r tliis i^omnncc from the hIi^Ivgs of the 
British Museum J-ibrary for dramati&iug purpoM**, 
" QideoD Giles" ivoul<i «xActly ftuit the »tage of the 

iii iLUotlif^r series of hrief ettMiyH, or mther, lung 
(wroifraphs, I bitterly t^gret tliA total di&appearunco ; 
till? collection WW called " A Hiindrud Diticrciil PViiltsof 
a Mundri<il Different Actors/' and to llu^so wen' added 
anothwr century of defects under which hm many 
act^-^ws were supposed to be labouring, Uan? t'\anipli.« 
of iinpLideni mufiirity, tlit'si- juvcnil<* Nullieh in < ritictMin 
inii>t hav«? l>t*i.'n, I wast nut, liiiw<*vrr, devoid of consider* 
ablt* e:ipcrieiice in tilings theutncu,! ; iim^niucli. .la 1 have 
ntd more than onct?, my early boj-liood brought mo 
in constant communication with thi" world bt^hind tho 
lioenw ; and a« editor of C^/if I h;u1 tht* nio of idl the 
[ilayhoti«^sin London. Tlieittric;il staiK w^tv v^-ry raMy 
tnvi with in those dayt*; and I wa>i quite <:ontt^nt to gid* a 

EUce in tb*< front row of the pit vr in the npp^r boxes, 
went to thtr pljty. I Hiipno^tr, f<riirni^bti«ontot titJi : and 
on *' the ffood old time* ' principle, it ^i^cma to me thnt 
tho playa I witne^^Hrd won: mucb more worth ^isfing 
than those with whidi \vu luv at present favoiir<*d. I 
saw Macreudy in A.v//-, in U'rrner^ in Mucbtfh, aud in 
ifanti^i. At tbc* Surrey Tbeutri' 1 saw a n-maTkabk' 
negro trngedinn by the nnnie of Ira Al*lrid^\ w!w" made 
hiH appoaranc^ at Ihft traiiK{x>ntine houAO in the roie of 
^ani^ in Tht^ Btfei-nor, He had Ix'en educated as a 
iniui-^tor of religion ; but happciiini; in his youth l^> stray 
intou playhouse, the performimcesodiUizled and Iw witched 
him thai he n-aolved, at all hazards, to adopt th<? %iiv^' 
suk hU profpfiHion ; and having Mtudi4Ml the part of Itollu 
ID the play of Pizarro, lie nuiih* his appiMran*^^ in that 
clinnct<>r at a private tlu-atre. Hi--* fnentU, liowt'vrr, 
det^'Tniint'd Ut^it. In* t^lionhl be a clergyman. Jlo wn^^ 

188 s-LL-i"^' urn juiu jj^vhstvrbs, 

sent to a theological college* at New Tori and after- 
wards Ur the UniveLvity of Ulaai^w; but m tli€ end 
ho lx.'u4iiii.* II profcssiutial Hrliwt and enactvd wUli mucli 
Kuccv'^'i Hiieli pHrtff H« Otliello; (lambia, in Tiif Slttve: 
and Oioonoko. 

Then 1 remember that Iiiglily talented tragic 
nclro!*^ Mi^. Wiirncr, who. in 1^44, had tiudcrtitkon, in 
conjunetwii with M».'s&ts. Phelps and Gret'iiwoocl. th*^' 
maua^ement of Sudler« WelU Theatre. Xaturally 1 
ijevt»r beheld Mrs, Siddons ; but Mrs. Warner was 
tlir U-st Consi^iurE* ill Kitii; Joka and the bent 
Clortnwle in llrMMtiM that rvcr I snw, Shi: wii> si hAy 
of the iiko^t s[M>tle«s prt vate chai'acti.'r ; uud in her 
last illue?*9— a long and liiigeniigoiK'^Ucr Maje&ty the 
QucoD sc*ut one of tlic Koyal oamagi>w daily to her 
rc'^idcm.v. that shr Tni<;Iit t'lijoy the udvaiiUif^ of an 
i*irin^'. To this pyriod aKo belong' my riiiiiiiiscencev 
of that thorou^Lly ca|)able tni^t'diau and coinediati 
Siiiiiiii'l Ph1■l[l^, wliom I iiuirh {Jivferird ill utiiiiedy^ 
ilis Fal«tat}' wufi a splendid iivation ; and even fitKT 
to my mind waa hia amazingly subtle impersonatioo of 
Sir Pertinax AlcSycophant, There wa* a Mrs. Com 
Mowutt, t4>o, ;it tho old Olympic ~au American 
aotroe« who was very good as Julia in thi^ HuncA' 
hark; mid a cajmhlL* IriKh comeiliau narFied Hadsou, 
wlio m-arly wjiialW Tyrone Power in the ijart 
of Hory O'More Mrs, Teruau, Mi-s. Fitx-Wiliiam, 
Mrs. 11, Marstoii i Mr, Tom Mend. Miss Gl>»/Mr«. 
Wiustanley, Mias Cooper. Mr. H. L. LJuvcuiwrt 
(another American actor and an excellent Benediek) ; 
MirLK Julia St. Oeort;e — a handsome and most ^ym* 
piUhetic Ariel in the i\'wjjrsf — Mr Uavidye. wlio ruud«a 
great hit in Malvolio; Mr. George Lk^ntiett, an?6pe4'tab)e 
Ufi\ry VIII. H likewise belong tn the jjeriod o! which 
1 iun 5peakiitg; and 1 have also au uncertain recollec- 
tion «f piecing Fulconbridge in Kit^ Jr/fm played by 
a Mr. Menrv IMtv. 


I it'Ay iiiKvrtiuii bei-^Lt^L' I liavf iii>vi>r bi-eii itble to 
avoid mixing up thf> elder Betty — Master B**tty, llu* 
■* Young Hoijoiu'i " :>f \he> i^rlj years of tln^ rj'nt»iry — 
writh his son. The iieiiys, pin' rf Jf/ft, wt.Tc frequent 
mitors at the C^ai office; and Betty, the father, was. if 
my rwolkctioo fiwves me> a pippinfac^ old j^ettloman 
who wore a "spenoer." that is to say, a single- breasted 
jacket over a tad-crnat. Tb<^ Itidicrona ilfrivation of the 
ikAme ot thi* gAnrunii i* th^it ji nTl-iiti lion] Hpenoer^ 
dining alone, Wf^nt Ut sleeji fift*r too copiously paiUking 
of old port; and shnnbering too close to the lire, his 
ooai WiV*» Hot Jili^ht and the tailn were IjTirnt off, when n 
footman timvouslj came U: ro^ciu- hi« rjobie inastor 
from his peril. Lord Spencer was mth^r tieklod by 
the incident than otherwise, and thenceforth wore a 
tailh.'s»< jiurkrt ijvrr Iith onliruiry Ihuly vn^i. The 
" Drapor*H Dictionsiry/' by the way, Kay* thnt the; nhori 
jacket formerly woru both by ladie* anrl ;;entlcmen was 
named after a I^rd iSpi-iavr, who, meeting with nu 
aceident in hunting by which his roat tails were torn off, 
afWrwarde inado tbe abbrevidtod ^^'arrni^iit fiwhiomibie; 
but I prefer the port wiae version. 

One iiion* incident of my experienee as » drainatio 
criiir while rditor nf C^n/ I rrnill with a xniile. S<irnr? 
lime in 184S or IHW, the littlu Sfcnind Theatre was 
under the management of WiMium FUpren the Elder. 
He was by no mean^ insensible to hia own histrionic 
capacity ; and it wtt« related of him that he one day told 
bin company that, having that moniini; vUited the Umg 
since defunct ITunj^erford Market, a lishmongiT bud 
ink|H>rtLiii-d him to ]iur(^li;t.M> a parlicular 6»b, aildine 
that it wa« the only coek nivhnon in the market. *' Ana 
I " continued the impersonator of Sir Peter Teaalo and 
Grandfather Whitehead, "am tbe only cock HiUnion on 
the stage." Mr. Farrfti and the Editor of (*M had a 
i^li^ht mij^understandinj* with regard to some eritieism 
which 1 had indited toticbing one of liii( performance)!; 


and lie cotls0f|uontly ^U>))|>oit my fn.v n<tiiiifi^oti to 
Htrand Theatm. Fortliwitli Jiil I come <jut with a 
Btingiiiff tliirty lint*** nf iavectivi% li»'aili?d " ttie t-i^rvgioiiM 
oH VtH^k S;rliii<irt ii^^^iri." Tlit? (^Imlej-j* wa.i rifi* »i ttie 
time; nn<t tiiL mcrtroijclitun chiirchviiriN wltc bcin^ 
succeHi«ively closed by the order 6t tlio then Board 
of Hi?a]MK I'mmptly did 1 inft**rt in Ciaf another 
pnrii^itpli, h(ui<livl with t\u^ Uoyitl Anii^Jn whioh it wiu 
»n*t forth that tlir MvtropolitJin JJfuinl of H<--aUh had 
ur(li*r(>il, lur sanitiu-v rcjwunH, tlir ininii'ilial** Husiirv i^f 
llir St.raiul Tlusitiv, iuid tlic reniuviil of all i^ocrk sfilinmi 
from tin- jin'dm'tA lli»'E'L=^of. 

vanity cf yijuth lUiUwanI, Ever sj)l**'iiy, ^^vrr 
f rowiml ! Mr- Wilbam KunvTi tlic Kldcr wmiid Iiavp 
be^ti aUn>f(^tl]i<r justified in briii^in^ an iwtian iigain^t 
me, or haviiitr uv^ up to Hi>w Stiv-i^t for libel; but 
iiiK(,f>;ul rif inking sucli hi>7jLik- ]?riHv<'diii)fH, ht^ S(.^it hi*: 
uotiii^ ruaiiaij^fr U'itli n frirndly nifM^iigiTr to me at tlir' 
Viaf ofllre; and my (vee admittance to the Strand 
Theatre waa renewed. [ haAt-t^ncd to return the coinpli- 
mertt by writing a n^at little article, in which 1 ]>oiiited 
out tliat Mr, William Farrcn fiir ^urpOKecd Sowtou, 
and wiLs the eqiial of Potier and Unmet. 

1 have ixtrea<ly hinted that Mr. Fredericlc Marriott, 
thft J^n^[)nHJ^^ of CA/tf, wua mii innihli'd with a j>l(»tlu>ra 
ofi^ajiilal, llr had l}<.t-n, lii>wf:v< r, un^ur iipim a time a 
Somewhat wcaltliy man as a wcll-knowii pajjcr maker; 
but in middk* age he gavo sig^is of a propenaity 
that led him ta launch into newspaper sjieculation, 
the results of wbich were jienerally di^a.^^trouA, He 
had had Mumi-thin^ tri do with the Iilaj*fr€tied Xftri 
in its early Anyv^. Ht^ bad ba^l M>metli!iig to do 
with the Moi-niit^ V/tronicif ; and about X^Ai or Mil he 
had founded a truly original little weekly periodic^ 
with the lu)^ubriouM title of Tftf Draff/ fTarr/ittL 
The ottiee of tlm ominous penodioal was in th# 
Strand; and tin* window-blinds were of black wir« 



g«njC4?, [iltTitiliiU^ ailtirned with Ocatlt h ht^nAit utul 
crwss-ljont-!*- TUr piiiKT iWH liail :t hri>arl binck Wider, 
and jmjiges of inortiiUty wore pkutifiilly scattered 
tbroug^li its rolumns: tii*? letterpress being niiioiiy 
i)evrtt**H lo narralivPB of bygone miird**r», and d^acrip- 
tioafi of p<%*nli;*r!\' ;itro^iona tortuiffl ami puni»;biii«'Dt!^, 
th^ De^f^ Wnmtijt wii*^ tioI. :i vitcn-ss; and !*l*ter a few 
WM^kft the ver^tile Mr. Miirrioll rhaii^t^d the title of 
bi* ]ift|w^r int<i T/»f' (iuidf fo hlf>\ This r<^it;niily tnor*- 
rbwrful puhlicat.ion liki^wisi- fnib^^l to "l*hun u rrmuinii- 
abiv^ cirtnilntion, and Mr. Mnrriott hud \m sook f»r ctbr-r 
rbanneU favounible to the ovorcist* oE \\\h inideiuaMo 
faHHty nJ' invention and liit* unoonqm^rabl*' i^nor^y- 
Atiioil^ athur v^-Titiin^s \\\* »t;irt4^d a Jar^> Ilhi)itruU>d 
unial ralird Tlw ftiiilw/i^ Uril ; mid \\\ ii^nu'iiK-nt witli 
b op|»o(vite tii.'ighbonr in the StmiKl, lie ha^lati imint-iixr* 
CTinvii* pW^rd stretHiiug ri^lit acrosn the strf^et brar- 
ifig the Jovico of a ;:igaiitic bell, jind thv words 
"Tho Kailwny Bell in luiw ringing"; but the bell. 
loudly aM it wae pealed, failed to rinf^ piec^H of ^Id 
and pieces of silver into Mr Marriott'* tilt : and wIkmi 
he fiiiiiided '!*'// I ant afraid that, finaijeiall} wpfaking, 
Iii^ vros very nearly m'x bin Wt l^gat- At all evenbi, 
when I bzid l}ccn hi^^ oditor for ubout six months, I 
foimd that there waa a con^iOcrablc difficulty in nbtaiii' 
ing lay weekly salary: the proceeds of tho ciroti]ati<.<ii 
and advcrrti^iiMnt'nts boln^ ri^raoved /•* htnf^ t*> thi3 
imtprietors rL'si<k'ncL» in I'iwldiiigtoii : aiid at length 
Mr Marriott went away, for strictly biisinc»f reaKoikM^ to 
\\w fttat^ of nalifornia, U S.A. 

Then* wa.ri a ^Id fever exirting in Loudon almof^t 
ftfl a^rutc &» that which thr^c years afk-r^'ardji set in 
with regard to the Australian diggings; and there wag 
evcu a talk of gold hiiving been discovered in Ti^xae, 
"Gon4' Co Toxas" wa^i an iiu^cription whieh you 
frequently Kai\' ehalkefl ap on \S\v- iihutU-i-H of an empty 
houne; and T remeinber spring such ^ guifiitu chalked on 


iiAUi'ii UFH ASSi AumsTru^s, 

tile sbop front of a clothier — I c^houlj say of Hebrew 
exlnurtioi) — iti N<*A'c^4tl<i Strf^ri, Stmnd, ijfl'a,riy op|KMiU' 
the f'itai ufficr, Tlii« cloUiirr \m^\ ii vt-ry prrtty l>]?ick- 
eyed daughter, wlio accompanied him in Iuh voyssie 
acrosit tlie Atlantic; and. unless [ gravely err, thia 
oomely mnitlen with the ^wimmiogf eye$ aad the ^blc 
troa^iPM wo* ftulw<-q(K'ntly kn-ivvn to ilnitmitic fimip sa 
MitiS Ailft Isiu^cM Mviik^n, whose pt^rforiiumi'e of 
Maitfppa made her for a while a Queen oi the hour, 
and whiiM* iiitidlt-i'iiial ^ift-s ^aii^i'd fur hfT tin* fria^itd* 
ship *if Ali-Xiuniri' Dtinnvi llu' Khlrr, uf AlgumOD 
Ubailes Swinburne, and of Charles Uichcns. to the last 
of whom ^he dedicated x\ littlo bouk i>f poonifl, entitled 
"InffliciiL" She was really a very clever, witty, and 
kind-heiirted little iiTiman, hut with a w^akn^fR for 
marrying vrithoiit haviij^ pn^vioiKly ascertaimul that 
her frirmerhawhiuids wi*re defunrt. I have ajiortraitof 
her flitting nide hy Aide with the great author of the 
'* Three Musketeers." 'i'he weather wa* apparently 
sultry wh«n the iiwif rif rmh* Wii* takin, for AfeT^aiidi^ 
Dumatt is in his shirt ^^lecro^t luid to all iippeamnco is 
parapiriu^ copiously. 

I miiy a]?4o mention that about tliifi time I niiuK- the 
[uui[it;Mii--rj ;it a littht ri^ar i4ho|>, iindiT thr plllnrx, in 
leys Street, Itcgdit Street, of nn extremely hand- 
some liidy, originally the wife af a solicitor, but who 
liad hten known in London and Pari^ aA a ballet- 
daneer undi^r the name of Lola Monte»i. Wlieu I tcnonr 
hor «ho hud ju$^ e»;capetl from Munidu wtiere i^Ln liJid 
heen too nntun<»tis ii» CuTitik-sK tkf Ijiiiidvfeld. She bad 
obfjiined. For tt time, txinipleti* maj>terv over old King 
Ludwig of Bairaria; and something like a revolutiua 
had been necessary to induce her t> (\\\\i the Bavarian 
oapital. Some time after her return to Kii^Iand 
ihe married sl gentleman, who wa« a son of a X^roeior 
in Doctors' Commons ; but Kome legal difficulties 
jircMe in connection with her having aucther ^pouj^e 




iili»i", who Imd Wu a lioutemmt in the Indian Army. 
Aft*^r tiieiie difllcijltie* Iia{l inten snttlftl, Ltila McmLiw 
Lan«)^reh1 f^ilf'i! im-ay, mi fiir ii> Knj^ljiiid wii% iMiiririn-fl, 
ihto ihi' liifinitK\<; biit> many j<*iirs aftfiwiinls, 1 heard 
of h<T at ^n PrniKiVco, a^ havmp led a somewhat 
vimtiiri'us hf<." in thi> G<i]don City, Ultitnutoly she 
III North, ;ind f»dl upon 'sil t!ay* ; hut *hi^ p:uTied 
tlie ClirUtiitTi sytii|mtli3' of ji kind Airu-rii-uTi \iv\y\ \v\m 
Mivctnirvil lii-r in hr-r ntnmsb n^vtl ; iinil «hf* iiiiiili', T 
believe, a mo&t edifying end of a stormy career. 
Burinu: my hrief aequainhntee with hf^r .^hc proposed 
that i nhoiihl wiih' hfr t-if** ; ?*tai'tint,' tlie 
iiH!<iini[jlioh that ^hi- Kua u ihiiii;litri- *>f the fAiiiioii» 
SpaDish maf0t/(*r Mantes. It waa i\ halhieiuatiuu 
whkli. eurioiisly ntoti^lK wiw iifti'rwsmls, U> a certain 
vitent, ^hand h) Aihi In:iju-.s Mt-iikiii* wlm hiul the 
kleji thut her ivjiI iiaiuo was IV>h>iv:s aud tliat her 
ftitlier hjKl hrcu dl^tiu^^uiKhed lu thu IboiLLUk hull riti^. 
Tlje h'jjal dilKcuitie^, liuwever. comieeteil with Lohi 
Months Landsf<?hls oiamag^ to the son ot the Proctor* 
preventtnl th*» *eUeiiie of my writing lier bioj^rapliy 
(wing c'&rri<*d <>u1 - 

I tnusL relate hs slicirtly a^ I c*fin ntmtlu-r iucidunt 
oonneet^^d with a \iu*jecU'd biography of aiuither very 
noted peraoiiai;*". In l^-\-'.K a yoiui^ friend of mine, au 
Artist, hiid a Kij^tcT, who ^vll^ ;t dan<Ter of t<om& Atandin^, 
Mid Iwtwten whiiiii uiid l>ukf^TCharleK of BruDfiwiek there 
exii^ted ratht^r iiitiiiiate relations. The bEUiit<lu*d lliiko 
lived !tt a larfji* Iidum? in tlit* New IloHd,, whitrli iiiHtiHion 
hiu\ foriin-rty hfen tin- property of tlie HeniLjr partner in 
a well-knowr^ blacking iDaiiufactory ; and to this hotline 
my youthful friend, the urtint, wan fn>quoiitIy permitted 
to repiiir* to visit his sitrtfr. He told mv otie duy thut 
the Duke VktkA viritinj; bifi Life.und thathL< uaiited lu^me 
one U^ illuxtrati' it, I bad renuined. aft^r a ^-onxlderuhle 
)Hiri^-iL9i-. tlu- pnrtiei- iif rUrlitiig; and I gladly iKce|>t<^ 
tlir diii-jL! eomtiii>«toii to exei^uit- a ffiveii number of 


plates, at the nite of ten pounds each. A portion of 
the mainiscript was sent to me, and I etched, first, an 
elaborate view of the dueal palace at Brunswick, and 
next, the scene of a riot in the theatre, caused by a 
somewhat unseemly ballet which the Duke had insisted 
should be given there. I was hiUf through the third 
plate, which represente*! a tumultuous mob setting fire to 
the WtrhloKs, when J^nke Charles's friend, Louis Napoteou 
Bona]>arte, hein*^ firmly installed as President of the 
Prencli Ur-public, it ocrcurred to his Serene Highness to 
visit, by means of a balloon, the fair laud of France. 
The Prince President was rather ashamed of bis 
quondam friend ; and, throughout the duration of the 
Second Empire, persistently snubbed hira. Still I have 
been positively assured by my friend the artist that 
but ibr the considerable pecuniary assistance rendered 
by the amazingly wealthy Duke to the Prince, Louis 
Napoleon would never have been able to defray the 
expenses of his election to the Fresideucy. 




IVmu Liltlffkni HtOl 4itid hri Vtrntum— Ikferda nitil ^[uuslavhiv— Tlia KllL 

It WiW <]iinn^ tnj roniHrtimi wiHi f'hiff t.liiit ( llrxt 
niodc? th<^ ac<}iiaintanc<? of Mr TIiojoaa Llttli^tDii WAY. 
one pf tlie ^vrt^K curioufl typos— if, indeed, lie wiw not a 
unique one— of Uie jouriialiEtin of the past. The publi* 
catiom, daily, weekly, iiml monthly, founded und editt'd 
by Holt coold be reclcoued by the ficore \ although th<^ir 
exwti^nee rarely extiud^^d beyond a H^w iimnth*, nnd 
VTAA in nniiiy hihi^k liinttt'il !■> a fi'iv irrck^, I iiiav U? 
pitrdoned for a tfecmiug panulox. whicli I hope iw 
misceptibh^ of (^xpliination, whon I say that TlioiniL^ 
LitUeton Holt vva^ ii Uohemian : and yet, to u very 
gnwt oxt«nt the v<^ry rovorM^ of a man with Uohemian 
tendi'iicien- In th<? fir^t phii-'(»> ht- had married early a 
lady of good family^ and of coiisidtTahk* peraouul eliai'fDs ; 
'\m vraH -a devoted husband. m\\ Lhe nioAt alVi^i-tiiitiatL* of 
fathf^n^ ; and hr* wjlk iit-iHk(<t' -.\ ^Minli!i*r, iinr a profli^W. 
nor a apcndthrill, hnd nlwjiy* did lii.^ best tn pay Iun 
wiy ; wncrcufl the literary Hohciiiiau of the period wnf, 
in most cimes, an equivocal person from the ethical point 
of Tiew. Holt came of an old and good fiunily, and 
eauld, I believe, justify \\va claim \a\ denc^nt Prom th^'' 
famous Cliirf Jiistjcr of thr siLni'* ^iiniuine TTr* had 
been edacated at St, Paulft School, ;md ;tt Caiidirid^i^ 
at which university, howev^^r, I do not think that 
he ever graduated. Hi^ fitiier, \ \\wk^ lieanl, w&s a 
olergymwir if not a IJoctor of Divinity, and viw^ the 

\m SAhAs i.n'H as-u aovkxtuhics. 

proprietor of a respectable weekly newapaperj known as 
Olt/ lif'i/'it Aleftaen^er. 

In what matinerj tht^n, you may ask, did Ur. 
Thomas Littleton Holt makp outward and visible sign 
of his Itolieinianism? His eitizennhip of Prague was 
dni^ to the t-ircumstaJiep that he had an inveterate 
])ropeuHity for starting newspapers, magazines, and 
wrekly pi^rindi'-als : usually without the reijuisite eapitaJ 
lor ravryiu^ <mt thosi^ puhlioations to a suocewful issue. 
As ii jiuinuilist, he wrote fairly well ; but if he had ever 
liei'n a working ncwspaptT man, content to earn his liveli- 
hood as a critie, or a ivvJewer, or a writer of leading 
arlieles, or even as a writ^^r of descriptive pan^raphs. 
Ills ehiinees of regular employment would, 1 fear, have 
Imh'u sndly imperilled by the execrable calligraphy with 
whieh ho was aftlieteiV I am not aware that he had 
any i>i*etry in his soul; and I never heard that he 
had written any novels or tales, long or short. He 
nuiy liavt' taken, now and again, a trip to Paris, 
hnt I dfUibt if he had ever travelled five hundred 
miles away frvnn Klivt Street. He was an excellent 
elassieul s^^hohir, a giHbd mathematician, and he bad a 
copious, if not a pr^»found. aotiuaintanc*^ with English 
iilen»tun\ history-, and thiH'^K^y. Wlien I knew him 
in 1**'IS he Wiis, I should say, about forty years of 
^^*^\ and ^vmld just r\*memWr the Battle of Waterloo, 
He had aUv as ;i Wy. visitinl l>*i^b Hunt while the 
[Kvt ^^a^ iinprisoiUHl in Horsemong^^r Lane gaoh He 
was a ran* hum^^nsu and. to siune extent, a wit; very 
shrt^wj and disoriminativo as an tnUtor: but his forte lay 
in startling uit»n* and m^^rt* mag;uine?: and periodicals. 

S*vn after he left the uni\^rsity. he had been 
a jvirtner in divers uuhioky joumalis^tic enterprises 
of l^dU^n Ablvt a IVr-'ken. and he had also h&d 
uw>Tv* or Ws intimate busini'-s;* relativ^us with Henry 
Mayhe^^ Then he >*vnt intv* a^irson his*.^wn accoont 
Ai a ctiMt^v v^f peri\^lK-AK \X how ouuiy of tliese 

jovHyAUSTfi OF Ti/fc' I'Asr. 






pxiblicatioiis be smvf the birth and death, duriu^; mr 
kuDwledge of him, I am utterly imuhle to eay : hut I 
tambled recently on ><orerd] voiiinieti uJ' a weekly Journal, 
©I which htf wiiit proprietor uud uditor, ciilW Ho/f* 
yMaytJzinf, which WHii }>iihli«Iieil t»ome Huk in< 
'thirtieii. PerAunally, ti*- wan a (-all, haiKlfiiiiiie man, 
I'emarkahte for htfi flawing hirMit^' ^liiiniiiKMitrt, ni u 
jH-riod whtii Mr. Muntz, oiw of the Mciub«rs tor 
BirTDiughuni, ivud Colonel Sibthorp, one of the rcpre- 
sentativea for Lircolu in Parliament, were nearly tliu 
only Eofflicihinen of note, not bein^ niitttary Rien, nho 
wore either Wanlit or inrni^ijii It^.-s. 

Id the majuritv <]f iiihtames VaU^ fruwiird v^^ry 
d»p]tet'al[y ou Molt'* juurnalihtic ventures ^ hut now 
and again there wa.s a hri^^lit rift in the cIoikIh which 
commercially tratluTcd Jihont tiis heiwl. mid in the 
year of the nulwuy niuuia* 1 S46, he wa?4 favoured 
during *oine months with a[i nntnterrupted bla/o of 
goldt.*n »unshiui\ lit.' apjflii'd for %oviw ahan^a in one of 
th« inuumerahh' railway eompaiiit'H wliirh were projfctfrd, 
and. in actonlanee witli the fuiPBe uracticL' then common, 
mjld, without haviii<; paid a hultpenny uf deposit, Iub 
htU^T of utlotiiient at a tiaiidnome premium. Fortb- 
tli he started n daily llew^pa|>er, railed the Awi 
'J\'iHex, which at once bt>canio a procll^iotni financial 
»uoc*Mi. Its rohiniUK, dny after day Inr niuTiy wi-ekw, 
wen' intiiKUt^'il with julvi'rtisL-inenU of newly projectttl 
linetf. the proiacteib of which rarely |micl tor their 
advertiFK^nientn in csicth, hut were ulwayn ready U> hand 
over fully [iaid-ti|i ^hllnL's in exchange for tht; public 
ahhuunevmefit^ i»f their >^elienK*8, 

These shttn«, in the tlieii Bedlamite condition of the 
ruilway stocks in arkft, eiriitd iiniui-diatelv l^* reatlp^ed ; 
and liolt (ltd resiliM- llieiii, Ui thit exLt'nt iti |HnhapN 
twenty thousand pounds, llaJ lie reali^'d them all, 
hr mi^ht, at tho Mginnin^ of Novcmhen l^to» havi- 
been the iKMBOtifior of perhapH a tiundriHl and-lifty 


thouAADd ponndM ; but lie held iiir<: lumd iu tlie liopc 
that hU sdctiTitiefi would rbc lii^licr and higher lu 
value. While the niauU laiit«d, how^^v^r, lie ait>d liit> 
fjimily lived in 1b<' most ^tx^n« of closer ^ or nither, 
in a field U-^^'iiiing witli<li>ii (^raiti ; lit* xminiMl 
tb« rail — timt rail which uuk hrinmiiu f.o niucii nuri- 
^nm> grist to liin iiiiU^and tniveilctr in a barouche. 
drawD by four bor»i<^, 'i\i\; elMtric tele(jra|di waii^ not 
very widely us^d in ihotse day» : but it vrari utiliKt>cl by 
tlio editor and pix*priett>r of the Jrof* jf)'n/f^$ to ironi 
muuicate hi& eipeu^ive wisbes to the proprietors of 
the hotels on litic route. I renieiober one of bis 
'li'spiifflir*, :iddri'?wrd tii '"' Tlic Hi-n Hiiit (■liirki*n.'*," 
I3irniiijgtmm : " Anivr at midnight iiroilvd fowl 
and niUfihrDoiiis For ei^bt. Sucede claret. Moot and 
Chnndon magiium». Hraiidy-and-watet in relays. A 
piaini. — Hoitt Iroit TitMf'f" 

With all hl>; ficcMmtricities, T. LitUeton Holt was 
u perffctly tnitbful inim ; inid I we no i^H-iou to i-Hiestioii 
tlm Jiiviii;icy ai' n sluiv wbirb be oure told uie. of 
having rereivcd frnni tbc yi\]v of ^onii' vbari'H a ihon^nd 
puun<lt4 sttrliu^, wliicb lie took airo to dntw in ;^oW- 
He ropaircd to nu hotel at the West Knd. emptied the 
hogs of sovorDr^us into tbe bed, and went to sleep 
Uterally in th^* sandie of Pactolus. Tlitre was 
nothing hii v'oi'v niiieli out of th\? way in tbiK rwMlihg 
ill a gold<^ii biiUu I have related liotv Piiufunini th^; 
violiniKt wiifibed bi^ handw, so to Aj)oafc. in hovemigns i 
and 1 bave bc-atd that wbeti Fi'^l^nc Soulii5* the l<VeDcb 
tiovelint, ivceivt;d from bis publisher ten thousand 
franci^, in /f>t/tff (/'or, for the firet volumft of the 
" M^niuiref^du Diable/* he poured the glitt«rin|j trejisure 
into a fiwt^batb aud enjoyed that exceptional 6ai/t At 
jiir'th for at b';ist h;tlf \u\ hour, smoking meaiiwbitf the 
bi^jft*rtt of IJa%'(tnd^. 

liut, ula»! in poor Uolt's ease, a oraab oinie in tht 
Itnilway Share Market. The pitiless figurcK of Mr. 



ikmnn. tliv iict<^unt;iiit, wdre publitiliod, as T littve 
|bui<1 fUfuvIiiTe, in The Ti/t/ett. It was Bhown tliat tlierr 
wub scarcely cnoiigli money iik jiH Kiiglmid to ImiM tlte 
projecietl rAilw4^.>^; mid ;i liii<uM-ial ci7l1apni\ -^iirpAAsiEk^ 
the crixts of 16^^, And ahnust ci|ualIiD^ the Lornbic 
ruin MiA dvsasUr ^ihc-1 bv tlic bursting ot tUc South 
Sea Bubble, ciime down lilie a thund<?r-cloud on Cujx?! 

irL Tiiomaji LittltH'^n Holt awok«> one morning, 
Hxe iiistny utlu-r i([)i'CuLitOT> nf tlic jx-riod, ti^ tlufi liim- 
Srlf a ruiuwl lUttn ' Hit.' prnprit'tur. It l« trur, of ii viwt 
Dumber of shai^A* nominally wcrth ever so many 
thonAa»n<t poumU, but which, as »oon oa Mr. Spackman a 
st^tifitic^ wciv pLih!ir<hc(l. h^prortcnteit only so much 

He aleo r^niJiin^l the proprietor of the Iron 
Tim^9, the goodwill of wliicii liad tome not to be 
worth much Tuon- tluui twopi*M<-H*Jiuir{)ei)ny : ;in<l the 
uiidiiunt4.Hi ThoniJiK LitU^sUui Holt wjt^ li^ft, liki- MjiriLi!:! 
amon^ the ruins of Cartha;^e; the dt'&ng coiupnsinf; 
innumeruble pro^pcctuj^es, lt!tters of allotmcrit. ana scrip. 
€crtJIicat<TM, burnten boilers, r<k<dt;ti>]i carriag&K, wrecked 
la^^iigO'Vantr, brokon bufTer^, iind dim ?itreakK cf rust 
where there liud ^ymy W'ru pnuijisi.^s of dciuble liur-w <»f 
raiU. Am I have said, hi- wiis always startiii*^ iil w pub' 
licatioRB^ and the wonder of it was that be was raady 
unauiTCS^fnl in finding printers and paper makers t<) 
help bim in running thi; tirwt few numbers of lii^ new 
enterprise. "These good people," he w-m accustomed 
to PttV, "have, I suppose, Io.*.tr u i^ood ni:iiiy thoiteand» 
bjf me. Still, I think that 1 may say, with modest 
self-eonsciou.tnrHK, thiit Thi)iiias Littletun Holt has been 
ihe direct mi^auK of putting more itmuey into the 
1>ockeU of tlLe compositors of London than any other 
journalist of the penod/' 

Holt niiiy possibly turn up iigain from time to 
timo in the eoui^se of thcM' Alemoirs; but ere I temjxH 
rarity di«mi»w liim, I may mention ihat through him 1 


became acqnaiDted with a man of letters whom I looked 
opon, I should say, with jastioe, as a highly curious 
relic of the sportiog days of the Regency. This 
was Pierce Egan the Elder, the author of " Life in 
London/' of "Tbe Life of an Actor," of " Boxiana/' 
the editor of " Jon Bee's Slang Dictionary/' and of a 
host of pugilistic and horeey books and periodicals, once 
amazingly popular, but the majority of which have long 
been completely forgotten. I never bad any appreciable 
success as the proprietor of any periodical whatsoever ; 
still 1 began that line of busioess very early, and in 
1849 I was associated with Holt in the conduct of some 
little }>eriodical, of the name and purport of which I 
am at present wholly oblivious. I know, however, that 
it was illustrated, and that the illastrations were from 
my own pencil. Atrociously bad those drawings must 
have been, seeing that we could scarcely afford to pay so 
much as a living wage to the engravers who reproduced 
my designs on wood, and most of the drawings were 
rather hewn, or dug out of the block, than engraved. 

We had agreed that Pierce Egan should write a 
column of sportiug matter for us; and he made an 
appointment to meet us in the coHee-room of a shady old- 
fashioned tavern somewhei"e in Rupert Street, Hay- 
market. Pierce had long since fallen iuto the sere and 
yellow It-af, and was well-stricken in the vale of years; 
in fact, he was seventy-seven when I saw him, and the 
year of my meeting with him was the last in his life. 
"A little weai'ish old man, somewhat melancholy by 
nature, averse to company in his latter days, and much 

?iven to solitariness." Such a one was Democritus, as 
lurton, in " The Anatomy of Melancholy," described 
the pliilosopltor of Abdera, from the word-pictui'e left 
by Hi]ipocratef!. Pit-rce Egan, as I remember him, 
bad a rather quavering voice, and a shrinking, shuffling 
mauner, as though the poor old gentleman had found 
the burdi<n of his life a great misery to him, and was 



JJva^Tuing to bliake it oS. I had drunk deep of hU 
moVs frunt tny <*u.rl!vi»i tni^tknud, I Ii;ii1 cijpird, in jirii- 
aTid-irik, ftc*)r^^ of iln- rliliinijs itiiuli' Uy fJeorffe *ind 
UoWrt CruiksHbaTik for the illuhtr^tion »F '* Lifc m 
London/' and I could not lieli" asking rlly^rl^. inentallj'. 
imd with monnitul fliNinity, wlnjUicr tliis witliLred 
|Kktniim!li OL*uld W tbo rouownod Pierce Egati. wtiose 
pTofici^ticy in ulaii^ lisicJ Wen praised iu ihcJi-wooifit 
Mtiyaziiii^^ who had bet'ii tli*i lite and ^oul ol' seii-i-al 
ftportinj^ " fn*iVJniil't?ii'*i<'M/' jini! a ix-fiTco 'a\ alnunln.'d 
prizi- Bghts. 

Still, you will rt^uiember that which lliirtou sayti of 
the occasional relaxation of Democritu* : — " HowsoL'vor 
it wiK, tlii'TO hi? livoil ut ll^t in a gurdi-ii in the Muburbs, 
wholly bt'tiikin-^' hinii»«'H' to hif^ studiet; nnd a private 
lifv, fiuviug that sonietimea he would walk down to the 
haven, and laugh heartily at ^uch varit^ty of liillcutuus 
objects which thrre he ^aw." Si» it w^is with I'iiNcc! 
£^n the Elder. I forget whether he smoked i but 
Holt and I soon managed to wreathe hti* old head with 
gairUnds of ceruk^an vapour, not from cigars, if you 
pleaiiw, bat from j^^od honest "yards of day," of tho 
Brus«.'Ii'y p:itt4.'rn ; and thi.»n, after a iVw ffla>^?ie« of rum 
ptinch, the eockle^i of IMerce's heart were wanned : the 
old man hecanie elommnt; he beg;in U\ talk of Tom 
Hpring, anrl Tom HrlcluT, and Bob Grrg^on, and other 
famous g1ac:liator9 of the by^oni* ; he told n^ of Jack 
Hitloa and of Oully, the puijilif^t. who retired Trom the 
jui/e rin(f to t)econie eventnalfy a Member of Parliament- 
lie di'scanted on the ::ock-li^htin^, the bull'b:utin^, the 
Uiiti^rr-drawintf* tin.' nittitij^. and the do^-nnd-duek 
f?^btitig he had seen in l.hfr hravi' day^v of ohi ; he bad 
known Sliavrthe Lifegnard,sman. hi? had played bJlIiardA 
with Jack Thurtell ; be was th^ abtitract and chronicle 
of the manners of an age which had vatii;<hcJ, and 
which, it is mo*t devoutly to he hoped, will never 
repeat itaelf on t\\\^ sublunary sphere again. It was 


not an intellectual evening, and from the point of view 
of the higher moraHty, not a very edifying one ; still, 
altogether, the night was one of the most entertaining 
that I ever passed- Pierce Egan the Younger I after- 
wards knew very well; he was A copious writer of 
fiction in the Ijynd&ii Journal: his masteipiece being 
u romance entitled "The Poor Girl"; and he died a 
prosperous gentleman. 




Jlk^i M7 Fini Book of I'ictnm i ■' Uihil, lUia, »itHm, &fiJ ISpi>od- 

Vunnuiu Smi»Vmif -t*i^Iinij « liuhtk iMi.ino-A Winilf«Il — In 


Tr IK ]j^rliui)K aliTinst uT>ni*n'i^^Lry to siAiia llmt in 
Ihcflc, the nays ol" iny earliest kI itors!n];i, wlit-ii I 
VTBA eking out m^' Aniall jouniatiNtLr incomf- hy odd 

fniDeiki and half-jjiiinfa*— yi^a. ami sometimes the 
umblc, but welcome, five t^billiiigs — by making 
drawings on wood or in water-colours, I was very, 
very poor Now 1 do not call him poor hIio hiw 
enoiiffh of anytliiny, U- it IruflVs ami cliaoUj^Tlin, 
or inpc nnfl Dnionit^ or br^a'l and chpesc. " Wi? can 
bt good and happy witbouf M>fk*/' Ih** enatk pliilo- 
«opher, " Billy Barlvw," wiu* made* to way - but Harlow 
had never felt tho want of socks. Hud be worn 
tbom thoy ni]|;'ht liavo impeded th<.' froedom i<f bis 
gait and the independence of hifl port Barlow was 
a nomad, a nuaffffa kind oE man, rvfttWaa, incnlt, but 
acconlliif^ to birt ligliLs ^iid Ilik waiilK, happy. 
preity litHe Pocahoniis had never known Uui luxury of 
a chemise. *he was not less I'riucesa ot Virginia. To 
be very poor ia, I ^mnt, Homctimos to be very misemble, 
aod to be extremely niJNerublLr for a tiuit* i«, I bokl, u 
most beutrliciaJ m^-ntal and luxlily Jitale lor i\\\y man lo be 
iu. To Iiavo lacked lirt^ad ;tnd raimeut, and ia bed now 
and then in the cr^uist* of your e.ari^er, if voii Iiavo u 
man's beaii in yon, jind tiot that of ;i be»^t, i^ to make 
jon. if yon atUin prosperity, tolerant ami clmrilable. 
aod possibly Iimnble, modc&t and grateful, p'or all 
your fine horwe-i and ciiiiiages, and money in the Fund*, 
yon may he a bcil^tr i^i^ain 8omo day. 


Thfr American luillionaires hart* a pn>vi^i> that there 
15 only one genemtiun Wtween shirt-sleeve^ and shirt- 
sleeves. This shoold be vuur inceutive to modesty. 
Spurn nut that mendicant ; set him not down i^temly as 
a vacant or an impostor ; vou were vour^Jf quite 
ioD^-ent of fraud when you were needy and sought 
relitrf . There should be vour incentive to chantv. Be 
not angr}- with the poor devil who worries you with 
begging Ietter>. You rvally irere expecting a r^uiittance 
when you uTot** to Dives, impturing the lavour of that 
t^nialL loiin ; you did intend to repay him with heartfelt 
thanks ; you Aad pawned your coat ; you had moI tasted 
food for two days, while }ou waited, sick at heart, at 
the foot of hi< i^tairca^se ftv an answer Now, how is a 
man fully to understand p^^verty, and to appreciate waut 
and to pity necessity, if be have not been himself one 
of the hinogHfM, if he have not himself gone throagh 
the slow grinding mill of desperate pennrv ? 

Scarcely ever have there been two more charitable 
men than Oliver Goldsmith and Samuel Johnson; 
and as seldom have there been, in their earlier days, 
two needier ones. 'Twas the remembnince of the time 
when he lived among the beggars iu Aie Lane, 
when he pledged the suit of clothes which the pub- 
lisher had obtained for him on credit ; when he left my 
Lord Bi!»hop, who nas so kind as to pay him a visit in 
Green Arbour Court, to lend the Irishwoman below a 
slop-basin full of coals, ttiat opened Olivers hand when 
he came to wear silk stockings and a coat of Tyrian dye ; 
that moved him to enrol that band of rugged pensioners 
who made a more dignihed show about his doors when 
he lived in the Temple than all the Beefeaters and all 
the gen tie men -pensioners could make at the obsequies 
of a king. It was the mindfulness of hunger and 
nakedness and cold, of nights passed with Savage, 
wandering up and down the cruel streets, or crouching 
upon [Kivemeiits ; it was the recolleetion of the sponging 




1]0i»e, and tlic twopenny ordinary — it wast tlu' mt^niory 
of tht* diiy wUrii t.hi> piililUlitr of tli«^ Gfnihimn^x 
MiUffuinr ;w)cr-fl Uitn <<j diniipr, !nit lip wa>i fiiin to 
devour hi« victiialfi behind a srr^en, liff^, in his 
rugged hoT^man'fl coat, he wa-n iMit UKitiLjIit fit to 
Hit at m<?at witli Mr Cave's g(.*ntrol conipany — that 
Btirrwl tlic ^ukI hf^art uf Johnson to inBuito 
tendem^ft and compassion: that bade him open hi» 
honw anil yuvsv t<> thf fractions blind wottmu and tho 
villy, tnuiiji»*Miii]r ajnith^^f^rv ; f fiat prninptod hini 1o 
take upon lii» *itrong slinumcrs thr fainting wanton 
whom ho found perishing on th*" pav^^ment in th<^ tiight, 
tind g\\'& her food and f^lielter in 1n» honu*. 

Did yf»u over eco MiiriHo's picture of " San -fuan dft 
Dio*j?*" If yon have not an t-iiLfravinpf, a fcw words 
of description vmy serve your tirni. Tile putntint^ 
lA at Seville, in tlie Church of Ija Cariilad — the libf^rtiiie 
Don -Iiian's own irhunrh, 'V\w siiinl has found a 
W^gar pcrisliiii^ in tho ^utt^r, u^ Johnson found the 
wanton. Fortliwitli he? hoists Lfizarus on hi* back. 
But the lioEy mrvn i^ oM ^nd feeble, and he stumbles 
ftnd stajfgei's, and ih like to fall ben-\ith the load; 
wlii^i nn An^^M conie« out of tlu' darknf^As of th^ 
olglll — itn Ar>gi*l witli shining fnce aiid witij^ —and 
clieers him and props his arm and <;uLde> hi^ luutritvpTt 
in with his charp-- to the 'npitah When 1 first looked 
on thin picture 1 thought at once of I>r. Johnson 
tott4'nnf; alou;; Ki^ct Strcn^t with thi> p^x^r wom-out 
derelict of womanhood on Iiik hack, 

Y^'i ; poverty wjiK an^ui'il^ and of the t>itter«?ttt. ft 
WAa vastly fine fnr Hrranger to sing, " Ihtit^ un rftfHirr 
ju'oo tvi 6im i ti/ii/f o/t>.'* Hut huw \s it when at 
twenty year* even the garivt U not nttainahTe; or 
having one you nrc lofrkcd out by iIk' Uvmllady for 
not paying the rent? Beranger talks of bin fJ«ette; 
of bisi credit at M:idame Gr^oire'a fabnrri : of his 
puwning \iW wat^h Uy defmy the co^t of a oarouMV 



How U it wlwru you liavp no LtM*tU% no wiiif*i»h 
k«-f )x r t<» truHt y<ru, im walcli to jiawn r BmaLf^r bud 
tnul«>. Ik* w;i« h c<iiii|MHit»r ; am) an JniluTitnou?* n^rlinf^ 
man n^A uov^r Hli*n*t In Oi*- *1jm* of whii-li I H]ie:ii j 
diuKI ilii fidtliing which could m^cuix^ mc .1 rc«^Lr livfli< 
IimhL I cvulil nut tiraw, nov en^:raTe. nor |uiint; Dor write 
well <MHiii»h- -.^lilioii^h 1 dabbled in all iIiom^ craft«^ 
to U- rL-ot.-ivtK] ivi u skilful jouru^ynuin in miy H'orksltop. 
It iva8 not until I wau tv/unty-thrfti that 1 ^ni|ke<l 
tofjiHher I'ttouuh niooi^y l-u JeliWrutt^ly apprenticii? mywlf 
to tin i-i]gniva-r on sit^el luid ctr|ipi'i, in uriler tltat if 
thi^ worvt GUHf? tfj tlk« wontt, 1 lui^lit lie »Ue to 
fortr or tifly »liillin^'» a wcik br t-n^rariu^ visiting- 
cari3b or bill-luads f-^r imdi-pimcn. 

1 know that 1 have often turned balf sieV when 
1 vrent into a tavern f^r balf-a-pint of porter, to s^e 
u ^wug^i-riii^ t'ListoiiiiT tbniw down il Mivt'ri'i^ii and 
tnttlt* in ItiH }|jmil tbr nliinin^ cVangt* wb]4?)i tbtt baniiaid 
handed bim. I bad parly fall**a a slavi^ to tobacco^ 
tile great cociholer, the ^reat atiiict«;r« tb«' merc^Uou 
luurt^r, who o3£a<Jt^ highiT inti'tvnt v^iTy tiirtc he renevrs 
tin* hill, and ttt U»t diumiids his capitsil ;uul M.Ok you 
up, and kakVL'fiyou l»inkn]{>t in nerv« and braiu. I ktow 
that when 1 have uot had the means of puT<^hasing a 
.solitary "Bcn*w" cif builfi-t^y*-, ;uid have {irobtn] nil nij 
nhurt |ii|>e<i ill tlir fmiUr^h h^iie ul iinduig in M>mv 
forgotten bowl a rcmuEint of " mnndungos," 1 hav€ 
tiikiii a wrct^-hi'd pleasaro in walking in the ntre^^t 
heliiiid a >;eiit]i?nian whL> war; smoking a ^ood oigar; 
and the aroma of hii^ Havana wafti^d ma mU> a kind 
of seuKUouM t^Htasy, which wax half gratiHimtioji and 
hair d«-»p;iir, 

I know that 1 have sauntered about 01uhlaud» 
have wandered up and down Pa)l Mall and AVat«rloo 
Place and St JanivaK Street, ^^Jng on ?;un^nicr 
afternoons and c^virnin^ through thu open windows 
of the givat ^^u^lit jmlaees, and wondering whether 



tbe tttout, ifT*'/''*^*!^'! gentlemen wliom I saw en- 
tliroDM b*»fore tho snowy-'^'hite ^lama.'^k, plying tln^ir 

iMrhiiitl iK'W?t|ni[iei'Hj lnOoiJpri] t«i ii. mithmiot' nir.' tit 
mortaln — whetWr thi-y walk^] ami lalKt^-d likr* other 
folkH. TLon* is u portrait uf a grticnil uftia*r in hill 
uniform visible rnxii tliL' stn^ct ic one tyi tlic siilouus 
of llic Senic*r Ciiited Service i «ti<l tliere arE> Ro«ie 
H^d'backed chairs whioli yoii ear* <^H]iy tli]'OUgh the 
wiiidiiwvi (jf tht' TravelltTs , which niYt^pt me strani^Ij 
to this clay. On Ih*? whole, iiltluuifrli I hnvv known 
a goiid inatiy extremely jKNjr iiu'ii and wonten who 
«^re not only ref^ig^ifd hut cheerful when the icy h;L[id 
of poverty wa* prea^inj^ in«»t piteou&ly u]ioii them, 
I am iticlmed to think that, in the main* indig»ncc and 
misery are convertible terms. 

Aft regards my conductor^hip of Ciafj my tolal 
oariiMii,^ Ji>i wlit4H' itiid eijht-rihntc^r ilid nut jjencrally 
exceed from eightt-en to tttTniy-lwo sliiUings ii wrt-k. 
When, hy Agreement with Mr. Marriott's legal ivpre- 
wntativp.^ in Jjondon, I became part proprietor or the 
littk journal, I was worse off than when I was editor. 
Id the tlnst ca«o I received u sjlary — not mucb» but 
tlill HuiDcient to keep LmkIv and naul together. Tn ti;e 
la^t case 1 was supjjosed to purtieipate in the protita, 
Tliere wrre no nef piDlltH^ xu wr were ciiiutniliird U> 
appntpriat'- tile grorsTs prm^'inU, Ilnfortnnnt^ ly, my 
co-pmprietors were as poverty-stricken iw I was ; 
and on niore than one nccoaion we were under the 
unpkiuaDt necessity of lighting for the small eliaiifrc 
in the till. Abt'ut thi*; time aUo, h:4iin^ alwayr^ liad 
a taste for s|)eculabioi), I was induced to add to the 
piihlishhiL^ hu^ineH^ the Mile of a new patent Ameriean 
nostrum tilled ^^Tlte Shaking tJuakerV lhrl>*l Pill" 
1 drew on w^xxl a preposterous cartoon of tJie bhakers 
dftncing in their Meeting Hou*e; the Qankers in one 
b^talion, the Quakerefwes in another facing each otlier 

9» HALA'S Lmf AS'D AitV^yfVRm. 1 

ami ca{)rnii^ in tlie mont ^uiiut<?d ituiniirr I <lu noi 
tliipk thftt my crmtic prticil hnd errr Orawn m> man^ 
hideous couut*?Daiici:^ and so many grotesque attitujca 
as I portmy«^d ou that block. iDfatu&ted youth ! I otiglit 
to have made th« mal» Shakers phnnp, oomplarvnt 
and »miig, iiud the fcuule otwis comely and demure. 
Pi'Hta]!!! Uie aeliaesH of thf* portraits which I haSi 
drawn inililitit'd a^;iiii^t thr* jMipularity at Iht* pilUr 
at all eviiits tljcy did not m*1I ; L am »urr I do not kooiv 
vrhy, for I took ficrerol boxes of Shaking Quakers 
mys<^lf, and Ihej' nerer did me any harm. I withdrew 
from tho t^tUire eoiieem at lai:t, quite diiigu^;ted with 
lit«ratUT4'» journalism, and fWU, and I did not wnU» 
a line for the prewi ftir thR^- whole ye«i%. 

It had not heen a jovial time. Tt had rarely Ikeen 
even an amiu^ng one. During Ihree-fourtln of it T 
wjw irtcxpressihty wretched, When I am in towa. 
and pass the comer of Holywell Street, I regard^ 
the booki^ellere ^hop that now oecapies the site of 
thf office "f f'&nf, not with fond reniPinbrance, 
not witli a soft iiml melloweil inu-rest, h«it with h 
kind of eold ^ihudderini^ aversion, n^ a place where 
I Hnffejvil long and Sitterly. The lessons which 
] leunie*! there will not, I trust be forgotben; and it 
in even posi^iblc that I learnt there many les^ns of 
self-diseipline and of resij^nation to sorrow and disap- 
pointment, which have been a*etul to me in after-life t 
but any Aolace which I may feel from looking hack 
on wTiir's iif misery, arine* imt fruin ihr kiiowledgi? 
that they were tvmpcipd by the joy">usnes.'< anti enreU'us- 
neniv of youth, but by the coanciousness that I am better 
off now, and by the hopD that I rihall not get into such 
a KCriLpe agaiii. 

My lihare in the oopyrif^ht and i^tjoilwill of Ci/tt 
was purcbiised by my eo- proprietor* for the suni of 
ten pound?«, ndiii^h. at the periLKl, Hei^rned to me a miikt of 
money. I innwt have been abo favoured by another 



winilfall At tho time. Vch; \ \ti*'i\\' wlieiic^ li CHm^. 
Od ray twfnty-lirAt birtlKlAV I camr \x\U> iiossesHion o\ 
A lf!gacy of twenty poutuU, bcquruthwl to tnc b> rny 
Aunt So^tliia, \\Iio liiul Jcparted this lift* abuut twelve 
years before. TIuh coiwparativeiy affluent. aB I felt 
mj"j*elf to Ije, I trealeJ myself to ft long-rat-ditated 
trip to ParbJ, vvliifli gay nty 1 liud not *(.'{ eyt'st u]k»ii 
For ni-jirly t^ii yturs, Louis Pliilippn, luvving brt'ii 
dHhronea, was living in digiiifii-fl sedu?iif>n at Clave- 
moot. Prince liouis Sajioleon liiniaparte wa« Presi- 
<]e&t of the ltL*pubIie» which seemuJ to mc to W gettina 
on dbout \!t» iHidly ii» a R(!|niblic under auy political 
or social circumstances could. The President w;l< 
OTcr bead and ears* in debt* and wils the object ot 
at leaxl tw4<nty intri^iit'i^, pluls, and roris|nraL!ii^f< on 
tlio part of lis many political factions. 'YW Tn^'f* of 
J*ibcrty which had been planted with snch profusion 
on the boulevflrdft ami in other public places in the 
capitAl after Ft'brnftry wero rapi-Uy dinapp^^aring; thoy 
Wi*ro, probably, noc^turnally upruoU-d by tliu police, 
llie public buildings still bore on their fa^adi-K tlio 

Eroud proclam.ition " LibfrU', Rgsilil/*, Frat<*rnlt^ ! " 
at ill giTUi^rttl »cn:irty this politiciil trinity WiLs usually 
contemptuously ulludc^d to an Ire iroi/f bh^^n. 

In a rernf^ or topical cxtravairanza at the Vaudeville 
Theatre, one o£ the ludy characters, on roforcncL* biding 
incidentally made to tVhruary, 1^4S, archly replied, 
" Crtait fiiotn ifut* Itt Vfism^ tivtuf In rttirj/i'tth ' — 
the rnwwb-s — and the mot wji-s roci-ivt-d with ^bcutn 
of a]>pIau^e by nine-t^^nbhs of the audience, The ^'at 
majiinty of the p*^pU- of Pari?* ^H>nied to be heartily 
>itk <jI tiu' Kopuhlic and of all that wiis hers. The 
horrible j4bnghter whicdi had taken pla*J<' in tlie streets 
iu the insurrt^^ction of June, 1^18, liafl t'lrlfie*! aitd 
dissii-'it^d the frivolouji, plea^ure-lovinj^ 1 Wis tans, 
X<>body knew what wa* tu come next; and all eypw 
wer« turned half iu hojx- ami half in fear to the 

eiiii^matioal ijentlemaii at the El}"s^e, Paris si^emed tn 
un* ili^lii'velli-il, H}irtbbj\ ami mika-iiipt. Th*? vid hi)(<-ls 
liiid flrg>-nrrjil<-i) ■ Uio ftfilrmlifl oanirjinKari<'7< vt tlie 
Imperial u^intf up-en.- scartvly ak yei ilr^aiikcd of l*licrO-J 
WAS a lack of good new pieces at tin- theatres ; and] 
crti the wliiile, IWiri NNJincd to mo to he x-astlj didi^roiit] 
frotii. and ii* va^itlv inferior iit thi- win- uf viva^'ity nnd 
guietj' to, the Lut*?tia whicli I had known and loved ;is 
a achoolboy. j 

I ohiv !htjLyi.;(l a Trw da^K in llu* FrciiiOi rA]iibi1,l 
and, having s|)cnb ni^rly alt the Utdaitcc iif ra^'l 
wealth by taking n ticket in a lottery, in wliich ttK^j 
chief |)ri/e wiu* a liugf^ nugget of Australian goMj 
and in which, of courwo, I drew a hluuk, I n^tunh^dj 
to London to nwiumo that old. old enterprUo of] 
mine of tnit^kin}; tho wily 6re*j>omid iiot^ and the 
o^iuilly L'aiiiiiJitM sov^mijfd U^ tht'ir lair. Thin time I 
tlKnigTifn thai I wonhl try nrt. I conid di-;iw ))a.<i^ahly ] 
well on stone i and in 1950 I pnxluccd my tir-^t 
*' work " — I raean, a liltic book filicd with illus- 
tnition» from my own pencil, ft wa^ a kind oli 
comic ijuidO'hook for Continental tom-ists, and waai 
called " Hail. Rain, St^ani, and Spt»*?c)," n titk- (evidently' 
borrowed from tliitt of Turner's extruonlinary picture 
of a l.i-iiin cju the (irf;it \V<-st.frn Tljiilvvaj ruslnng along 
a viiuliict ill ilic rnid'tt of a bUinling .siunn of rain. 
The book was published hy the firm of Ackermami,^ 
in the Strand : a lioUHe to which during several years 
I wiLfl indebted for niueh remunerative employment. 
Of ooiii*»e I woji very prond of having hrtmelit forth 
tliis tiny morsel of a volume, the priije of which wji« 
eitliei !uiIf-a-crown or a ^hilll^g. and I bastened tu 
send a eony to my mother, who was on a visit to 
the Mfirdiionerts of AI»erroru. at Haron'ft Court-, 

It wiifl the pro^^lice of my parent to make an annual 
autumnal tonr, h;iir frieodlr and hsdf pK)fi«;«ioniiI, 



stAjin^ iit the cciunlTj' hou^cA of great Imiivit who KiA 
Iw'On her pupils itf old, and wh<»n(.' danghtcrs wciv 
growing up. Am^mj* thctse i^-jantry *-«'at,^ 1 romeinWr 
ID particular that of Uie Mureluone-is, aftt^rwjirds 
Uuehesv, ol" Al>erc<>rn, aod vicO'(|m*fii of Ir^'laiul ; 
iiHil (lir R%Mlt*iii:rx Iff tin? Mareliiijues?! of Diiiirj^al 
iitid f>r liUil^' (liii'VH'^U ; iiiul it. wa» ivith pride 
aud gmtiinde that I learned from my uitft}tt-r tli:tb 
my littli" " HkIL Rain. Steaid. ami Hpeed " Iiad bt'cn 
laid on tlic drawing-room tabic ut Baron'a Court, 
and had \)een honoiuod hy iii^ approval of tiw noble 
family aad quests there. From that little ciicum- 
i^tant^ anjs4> tlie most ph'^isant ot u-ssodatiitti^i, dnrin^ 
a U>n*; iind rannl r^inTr, wltii nnbU- boust* o( 
Uamilton, wliosc members have never epawd to claim 
a kindly* \investod intereat iu the well-being of (j. A, 8. 
Doth as AlurquH and Marchioness of Hamilton, and 
tK^ l)uk<:^ and Pnclio^ti of Abt^rtiorn. tlie preaeut bead>4 
of tho houHe have always been my friends, And the 
amicable feelings they have shown to me have I>een 
t>liHri*d by timny other^i nf their fiimiiy. 


'*No popery'' and the great exhibition, 

" Ited'Hot WorkH of Art "—Cardinal Wiwman— " The Qrcflt Exhibition Wot a 
To Bo"— Another WindJall: Making a Fool of Myself -^Simpson'a Cigsr 
IXvan — Coitlly Pocket-haiidkerchiefA. 

Lord John Resbell's famous '* Durham Letter/* 
written by the then First Minister of the Crown to 
the Bishop of Durham — in winch epistle the Premier 
severely censured not ooly the recent Papal aggression, 
imputed to Cardinal Wipeman in having published 
iX pastoral letter in which all England waa parcelled 
out into Romish dioceses, but also the proceedings of 
the Tractariaa clergy of the Ciiurch of England- 
brought me another commission from the house of 
Ackermanu. For them I engraved on stone a kind 
of panorama, folding into book form, with the then 
attractive title, '*No Popery"; and the illustrations 
were printed in red and black, the llrst hue having 
an obvious reference to the Scarlet Lady of Babylon, 
and the next symbolising the dark machinations of 
the Ritualists, then styled Puseyites. "No Popery" 
had an immense sale, but I do not think that I made 
more than twenty pounds by it. The success, however, 
of the little pictorial tract brought to the front a lai^e 
number of humorous artists, among them being the 
well-known Alfred Forester, whose graphic pseudonym 
was " Alfred Crowquill." He executed about a dozen car- 
toons in water-colours, which I copied in clialk on stone. 
They were awfully ominous pictures, threatening 
Protestant England with the most fearful disasters if 
the Pope, the Cardinal, and the insidious Puseyites were 
allowed to have their wicked way. Guy Fawkes, Ignatius 
Loyola, Torquemada, and all the familiars of the Holy 

"rfo mpEHY' -i}/ji rut: uRKAT Kxawntos. tvi 

ItMjuiaiUoii tigun-J in tlR-ht- ictl'lu^t work» of art; <uid 
the ft>n[^rouQd wa^ Itoupeti lugli witli ii^Ukc^. «c?ourf^, 
tbumbscrcw?}, fetters, nickr^. sunl otlicr cll^^llc**^ of Papal 
cm^lty. For a i-onsideraljli' nuiulxr of weeks Ix^ndon 
and the proi-inci^a went titark* tttanng mad over " Pnpitl 
Ayijivs^^iciii *'; uihl ilir- i)iil(ti>ii]i- lit ilif ";iyj|fn'*Kiuii" wrjw 
U»r ]iu^>ilni(, ill Mir lolluttiiig vtMr, of Uie Kude^iajiiical 
'I'lOea Act. pvohibitiog, under h pcnaitv of a hiincJi^d 
poundi^, the ci>nHtitiitiou of Komanii^t oJAliopti of ^r^- 
t«nd«d provincow. The Act, which wa& a sufficiently 
idiotic x>m, wiu iiwer put iu forc(>; imd twenty >ear& 
nfl4?r^'ardp« it wiu n>pi>ul<.>d uiLiidst the complete in* 
diffei-cnc^ of the puhhc ni Utrge. I hail the honour 
to know C'.inliiiAl Wiw>iiirtn, wlin wa* a, dw^rry, 
bt'nij^naiit old gL'Utlcnian, witli ii very hearty appt-titc ; 
uud I have lived to M-c liit^ EminoDce Cardiii;J 
Vai^'han make a nidiaut appeai^nce at griiud kocIaI 
fuuctioiiH in Knj^laud iu a llowiug mantle of rose- 
criiiiMJa OuEiiUhk- 

BuL u D)ur4* iDi}K>rUi.nt i^niiiuiismiuii tliuu the 
Ackemiannii' was now given me. The appixvichin^ 
Ureat Kxhihition of Ibol was Ailing thi- inhid^ of 
my own country int^n, and. indeed, of ino'^'t civilised 
nations lo boot, with ]>lea?«urabIo anticipntion and 
cicit^d hope. Pjxton*^ dci^i^u for a cctlot^f^al eonst^r- 
vitory in Hyde Purk had l>een accepted by the Com- 
missionerii for tlie \S'orId'[i Fair. The tIIiL>;tnU4Td 
pci|icr> jtbouiided with nicturtfrt of wliat the Kxinbition 
yfix^ to be like; mid I thought thnt 1 might a<i welt 
take Time by the foi-clock by publishing a -^^^^ric-^ o\' 
comic propheaies of the objects and the people who 
would most probably l>e exhibiti^d ;it the great show. 
The whoh' work was etched on tour lar^» lithogruphic 
tftoUMi, Hiid bure the nithtri' imbecile title : " The (Jreat 
Kxhil'ition Wot \h U% Bf, and how it'b all Goinj^ to 
be Unm."," t>y " VatcH Secundum." 

*' Vat..'>/' by the way. whom i knew vtrj- well in 


tlic fle-^ti, had nothing to do with classical ontiquitv ; 
it was a pseudonym of the gentleman who, daring 
iruny years, wuk i% i>rophct of th»t w^rlUfcnown 
sporting; new«p;ipL'r A//** Li/f ijt hmiloH. Mv 
buok compriseil muiiy Uiindred^^ of Ihrciral fignreHf alt 
with vt»ry laive iiead^ and very diminutive bodi***, A 
haiul til' nuiHic ^va-* letl by M. -TtillirEi, fJic W'^IUknuwn 
Pi-omcnade Uoocert condurtor. wbt> wjis followed by the 
choir of St PauVa and tbc chorus of Her Majcaty*« 
ThffAtre. The Frnncb pxhibit>< iucliidi^d ,i huge 
onkimicntiil clock wheeled t>n a truck by Prince T^oiiis 
Napoleon: and on the dial« the houi^i weiv marked 
by l{tpi.ib]iL'a.ni8iii. Socialism, HomipHi"tisn», Legitim- 
ism, St- SimtmianiAm, rourrieriftm, itnd Orli-aniMii. 
The hour-hand pointed to Orleanirtm, the minute-hand 
to IJonupartiatn ; a donl>Ic-hariYllcd prophecy which 
not many months afterwnrdb wiis piirtiallir verified. 
Then M. Adolphe Thiers exhibited himself, bearinjr 
on hiK head th** t^venty volumes of his " History of the 
Consuhile and th^- Rrnprr*'/* fjuizof. fio>;(.'d as an 
ftncient Stoic philo^opber; and Alexanda^ Duma« the 
Klderdrd^'gfld his voluminous works on a harrow; while 
Victor Rugy followed with a, model of the Cathedral 
of Notre Dumc de Paris on a 8»]vcr> Then oam& a 
little Pari^ gnmht wirryinj^, on a pole Kurmounted by 
a weathercock, a harlequin suit of clotben, u'i une must 
ftjipropriatt.* fur Krt»neli politician.'* to wear Soyer, the 
enuk. liraiidi^liHl ;i Nlj'W-pjtii in om- liiind arrT \\\-^ 
*' niagii; stove '* in th*. othL-r ; wliile IVouch tragedy vras 
illii!<trated by Mademoiselle Rachel a,H PhMrc ; and 
the Frencli exhihit^ wound up with u mob of dancing* 
masters, pi^uphuii, Red liopublieanM, Mftn/curif^ and 
gemhrmeft. In the German fiction, toyetlier with 
pij)es, Maus^^es, ^mwrkeaki, and Klm^kivfis^t^r, there 
wah f.hi? pre>«i.-titini*iit of Ihf Lanl Higli Admiral r»[' llit* 
Oerman fleet and th(? Htn^t itself; the admiral wore 
top-boot«» ivnd the fleet was w little cockboat flontin^ 


in a washinjj-tul*. Littlo ditl I dream in my ruw 
Youtli that the Oernmii duvv would in my old aife 
Wctjiiu* a j^i^antic and |iowmiil miu*1niif« ot w;ir- \pt 
I »liuitM Ni.y tliat in IS'tO stjiiii.' millions uf my frllow- 
coiintrymen eiitertaiDed opiniouA correspondiojf witll 
my own touching tho j^rc^t^peot^ of a (German \mxy. 
A happier hit 1 maiia^d to innki: in th^^ Uu^inum 
section, tn which I divw the Enijwr».*r Xioholnft ii^ a. 
hu^ bear, and reiinLrkud in tli& text thiit Bruin would 
be divided by a stronj^ barrier from the Ott<nfuaii settioti 
of the Riliibition, ;kh ( oiisidf^raljli* dan|^i?r wnuld jtrtibably 
n*»ult to l)it'l\irkry frum clo^i.* [froximity to the- IV-iir 

Italian macaroni and Italian - irons . Spanish 
Figarod and eachncha dancors; Americans revL^lhnjz in 
sh wry- cobblers, rep**fiin|i in rocking cluiii"K, thrashing 
thoip vlavc^, and bmndishini^ wix.clia,mbi>red jii^toK j 
Turks, Jews, and African wivii«;es; Scotch bajjnipi^rs 
and Insh l)hoy>« ami colleens ; the ^reat Duke of 
Wfllingtriin jiml Sir Olmrh-a N;ipier on liorseWk; the 
Widow M'Connack, with a picture of \\iiv caWni^e* 
jjunlcui Joseph Hume \vitb the model of u savu-jul ; 
Disraeli with oight hats supcTpoaed one on the other, 
as a sjiecimeu of a Hebrew Caucosiian "t:ent."i Lord 
Bn^u^iiiim UK Januj« ; and iive hundred otlit'r moro 
or K-»Ls uli^urd mun«trui«itie)« nuule up this r:tirugu 
of juvenile impertinence — jtn Inijiertinence, however, 
to which 1 devot*^ many weeks* of tbe hardest 
of labonr— uty ntudio bcin^ a widbli^hti^d room on 
the premises of Mefisrs. Uny and Hii^'hc, thL^ Htho- 
gnptiei^ii, of tiate Street, Lincoln'^; Inn Fields, 
who printed my " Great Exhibition ** for Messrs. 

I ha«l ^carci.dy KtiiKhed this, Uy me. imjKjrtjuit work, 
for which 1 received the jiuniptnouft remuneration of 
ODe hundred |x»«iidH, whi-n I wa^ the victim — yen, all 
thin^« considi-red, tlio victtm--of anothi^r windfall, to 
which I huv<i already made pas^in^ rt-feivnce. That 


Aunt Sopliy who liad loiX me twi^nty ponnclK to U* \w<\ 
VII my uttninin*; my inujority, haJ Ix'qutiillKHl llie lift^- 
intcrost in tlu* vt^t of her prup<.'i"ty to her wistt^r. my 
Aunt KlizH, A-hcni I \ihvg Mov^ spoken q( ^ 
Mrs. Orvlliii. At her rieatli in lsr>0 tlii^ |iitn>erty tta* 
divi^ihle niiKHi^ ns four n*']>li*'w^ and inccv* ; but my 
dmrptit sisti*r v\u^u»ta had died of consmnptiou eurly 
in hS40 ; and tm*ro were only four nepuews left, 
njy brothers IVederick, Charles, Albert, and myeelf, 
to share in the modest lieritage. Kix^derick wa* 
L'KtulilishtK] ILK a pr(}fi.-ssor of music at Sou thai iipt4>[i, jokX 
hiul iilreiulv given thi-ee lioHta^gi^A to Fortune. Alljert, 
after a che^iuered maritime aireer between the ageit 
of fourteen and Iwcuty-two, was r^erving in the ^avy of 
the Honourably Eust India Conipiiny There fell to 
each of Ub u few hundred pounds in oieh. and a little 
house property. 

I h<?^ to state once for all thaln 1 diil not spend 
any eoQsiderablr portion of my le^juey in riotous livings 
but at the same time I managf?d in the coui-ne oS 
three months to mak*r a very complete fool uf myAelf. 
Hiid I listened to the advice of Thoma.'t LitUotou 
Holt — al^rays \vii;c in counftelliu^' othcrg, and ui^u^y 
injndiciouj^ in adming himself — I j^hould* after a little 
preparatory grinding, liave gone to the University ; 
^luci? for a youn^ iiinii t^f my ^ige I knew a great d^al. 
I only wanted ;t. little ?4<!hokrly dii^ciplinr and nystrm. 
I might then have entered myself at one of the Inns of 
Court, and possibly, being endowed by >'aturc vrith 
what ifl most vulgarly but still most foreibly called the 
"gilt of the i^ab," I might have done very well at the 
£^. It wa« not to be. Most Hrmly do I believe in 
Tate, ft was my Kiftmff, my di'stiny, Ui wnndt^r up iiiid 
down, and to go t4i and fi'ii in tlit- wi^rld, ;Lnd lo iiiaLt* 
U« irf the knowledge and the experitiicc which 1 
iiequired. as a writer for the press. 

For a few weeks my brother Charles and i devoted 

our^l\'e*< to eujoyroent pure and simple Wv diuod at 
bi^'da8^ restaurantH, went to the iJerby in a " oue- 
hoivf i*lmy/* Jin<] to Ascot in ii hansom cab; we j;ave 
Inrht-lor parties at our mixle^t littU- apartinynt* iu a 
i»tn.>«-t close to Moniiuj^toii GrestM?nt, iiud I Mimki^l 

iAi\]>eiiny rignnt iithU'ail uf tHupHniiy ones. In particu- 
tlid Wf iltdi{>;ht in Haliinlay tn M(fuda.y jaunts to 
li?i)uDg hosHt^-lricT^ on the Upjx-r Thumcs> and tl»r baok- 

fAratcn* thereof, Hirn a d^^lightfully scqucsUTed and 
tninquil region. Tlu^rc* were no house-lwats. aii^l no 
'Arri^* to viiK yoni" aonl ; hut ihire wert* long sniiiiy 
tnitiijitil dayw d<.'votfd to Kshiiij^, nnd di*li^!itfit] evenirgs, 
iu the eonnif of wliieli veteran fresh-water iuiglerf* san^ 
ingfl with elmniM's aEx^nt pereh and chub, roaeli 
and danx\ and told the ino^it aniaj^in^ ftbN about the 
gigantic pike which they allejijcd Unit they had caught. 
It wMfl the Ameriean Immorist* Ju;^h Billin^^K, who 
once professed to vouch for the veraeity of n story which 
lu' njfaU?d, by >^u}'ing that it had bei'ii lold to liini by 
an utiHionrer. ind that he nevrr k[irw an auctioneer 
tell a lie uukfif Iir could get sniiitthi:if^' by it, Hut the 
uicnducioUA angler derives no pi-olit wliutsucvtr fnjin hi* 
tatradiddleb ; he lies because he like?4 it and hi» hearers 
likr to hi^ar him lie — at least, th<>y did in thui^t- days — - 
and when their turn comes will lie ^w vi^foruualy as he. 
Perhaps tliey are incited to mendacity by the view of 
the ^tufTt■d and vjinuHlicd i\sh in t;la^H CMAe> tvliich 
ailum the wall», 'i1ioj*e ivniindei-s t>l" oygone pitftnlonul 
provrt^«& may be as irroAL-^ttbli- u etininlant t^ tlicir 
itna^^'in^ttions ,i^ tlK- nnnstrelwy of old Tiiiiothens -not 
un;iided by the (lowing bowl— was to Alexjinder: — 
"StKillitfil by llku buuiiii tlio Kicjg '^fvw vain ^ 

And Uinc« hi^ rin)l«il &!] bi^ fcna, mid tfinct \w nli:w tJio aliuii i 
Tlu; ifiut«ir WW iliL« lEiuiiiiaii riitf, 
HU gJ-^wiiifj <^L'^-k», hit unJi'nf vy*v ', 

Cliiuig^ hu band aitd chockeO liia |>Tid&i" 




I l^ey tliiit our pride vras check-^d nlicn the landToi 
o( tile "Jolly Aiiglef« *' or the " I«auc Walton *« Head " 
3ippt>tired c>D tbtf scene of our revels, and pn?«4?Dtvd tW 

Tfu-rv^ wHst & re^ and riiliciiloiiv inciilviit that, during 
tbts iialcjron prriod, coDlxJbuted much to check rujr 
vodtbfal pnd<?, 1 vta^ too young and too obscure bo 
beloug to &Djr club, but in lieu thereof I ufied. when 
I wished to spend a quiet evening, to repair to 
Simpson's ci^ftr divan in thf> Strand, th^ upper cfiarnber 
of which wm a luxurioiuly appointed smokiu^-nxuii 
contaiuing an excellent library. For the sum of om* 
shiliiiig you ha<1 a cuji *tt extvltciit ci»fW. and a Ti^ry 
good cigar, and you might nrmain in thia fuatm'r and 
&moke and read as long as ever you liked. It wa» 
a moe^t entertaining and inf^tructtre nigbt-roeort for 
clu1>Ie«ft young men who were not .always ambitious to ' 
^o on tliQ loose. T had changed my restdtMice to a 
furnished parlour ami bedrooni in Buckinghntu SliVrtt, 
^^Lr;irui; juul ii\ my youthful vanity, Iwiag deUTEninvdj 
afttT th<? mannr^r of Mn Pepy«, tr> "go like mjaelf," ,| 
I dressed in ^mewbat diindified attiriv my eo^tume 
including the then indispensable itom of a v^ry large 
bandana pocket handkerchief. ^ 

It was '* the thing" to jJlow thi* gorgeous mouehmr ' 
to protrude to tho extent of baU-Mn-iiiErh fi'om ytjur 
pocket. When you devoted yourself to vmoking 
nr rnafling in a public: nHini, you placed the linndker- 
chief daintily on your knee; and if you liked to take 
forty winks you threw it negligently over your head. 
I bought a doz^u of these accnrt;ed — ye*, accursed 
pocket-handkerchiefs. The ground was ti brighi buff, 
with u deep border of crimson. UnfoHuuatelv, in thoxc 
days, pt4»plf.' rnrried tlieir haniHierchief* in the hinder- 

I»ockct5 of their coats; and I have to record the 
anientabii', the huiniliating fact, that in the course of 
thn^e weekfv my pocket was picked of every one of 

tie madi-pri/rd luimliui^u!^. Swur iiTii'ii\ Jfftut liiul tyxi- 
dentif "ttpotled me" one pvoniDy on my pmergiiig from 
Simphon'ft cigai divan, and ha<l followed up bi8 lelonioufi 
€^p« iiiglit aOirr Diglit. But worse remained beltind. 
ITic biuidaiiiis were vtry expensive- iirtidct^ ; the very 
Wst cofct twelve ur fourt<?en thillin^s it-piece. Beiti^ 
ll[jsh of money, credit wan of course forced upon me, 
and I did not p^y ready -money to the obliging fflover, 
lnv*ler, jitid pnrvf*yor iif ^fnlleinen*s k]itck-kniu:Ic» 
gerwniily. who t^upplicd mt with these pocket- hiuidker- 
chiefd. The ovtl dsk\». as you wdl presently Icarn, were 
^ooTi to eoiae upon nie^ and upon my word, the bonier 
dunned ni« For oi|;ht^en motitli^ lor that doi^n of »illc 
Imud kerchiefs. 




Tiio Comeri^lipe .Vnffozitu—Tho Deatk of Sir Robert PhI ; Police in Muumiag 
— "Pitihingmto" th« lUilvaj* Kia;^— Fdto at tha New Veatura— '' Ur. 
Hopeful^^ and. bis '^Sjotem*' — Sly Hi>iTor of Mountains— First Visit to 
BruBBolB— At Ai«-la-CTi4poUB— Mr. Hcmeful ChMi^e* hi« Sy*t*in : The 
Reudt — A New Qomic Panorama of the Great Eihibition — FnUinK in hove 
— Doing J iistico to a High-Tea ^RemioiBcoacoB of Broogham. 

Ii< occurred to me atx>ut the end of the summer of 

1850 that to live on one's capital, especially when 
that capital was limited in amount, was on the whole 
very bad policy ; and after considerable deliberation, 
I made up my mind to turn to substantially profitable 
account the few hundred pounds which yet remained 
to me. My brief career as part proprietor of a weekly 
periodical had certainly not been of a nature to offer 
any bright encouragement as to ray chances of success 
in other journalistic adventures. But a passing breeze 
of literary ambition fanned my normally rather sluggish 
nature ; and I resolved to start a monthly magazine At 
the patriciau price of half-a-crown. Why I should 
have called my projected bantling the Coitttvrvative 
Magaz^ine I am utterly unable to explain. Although 
from my early boyhood 1 had been an earnest student 
of every newspaper of which I could possibly get hold, 
I had not, at the i^e of twenty-two, written one single 
line on any question of English politics whatsoever; and 
I believe that, fundamentally, I was utterly indifferent 
as to whether the great Sir Robert Peel or Lord John 
Hussell was in office. I had caricatured both those 
statesmen and other public men, impartially, for some 
years ; but I had quite an open mind as to the merits or 


demerits of Frre lYndc, or the projiosal For^dij^^stabli^li- 
iog thi- \m\\ C'luirch. 

On tli"j whole I um im^liDod nt this time of day 
t<» coiioIu<!p that my prude, imporf^^ct^ nii*i transitory 
tendenc)' to sympati]i*r ronnr^iviiiisjii wwa LiiMpirM 
by i\\^ irnl sorrow wliirli I. ^\m\ I jiin swn^ niitny 
million?; of Rn^liMhnir'n. fplt. nit \\\^ fWtli of Sir Rolr^-rb 
IWI hiiiiM^If. On til.* iim\ of JiHif, IS.'jU, Sir KoU^rt 
vfii.** thrown fn*m liia lior*o on Uonfttitiitioti Hjll. 
fmctunnpouo of \\\s ril>s, llo point of which pciu^trutt'd 
hie IiingL and ufter linjj^rin^ in ^reat at^ony for ^ome 
daj's. Up Jil^U at liis hoii^ id Whiteluill *.tiirttL*ns on 
•Fiily itii. in the si?tty*1hiiil yi-iij- of his -a^v. Hi* 
tliNith w;l>4 ih'plarril ihnitii^honi Uii> Fjiiiijirt-- A 'IWy 
to the backlx>nc in rn^my respcrts, he* ha<l twicf 
fiacrilioed the principh-s in which \\o. h*wl bptu nurtured, 
and yii'Uletl to that whirh hi- wifely recugmHi'd ;l4 tlie 
incvitabh", Th*' high Torio* of whom ho liud once 
kt>cn thi> pridi^ »ucl i^lorj', ilx vrra^ aUo Willinm 
Kwurt GLidst4)nt>, h»d naturally futk-n away from 
him ; but th<-v bail not fi^«sed Ui i-espet^t and even 
t*i TPiunvtc hi* bif;hmiiifl<*dn{*s,s. ;iml hiH blamcl<*w» 
pri rate character. By the pcoph- he wits literally wor- 
sbipp^^d. The avcrajfc mLilfer-of-fact En^li^liman mi^ht 
car4* V4>ry little about the Maynooth Gmut, about Irish 
Coercion Billti, or about the smashing of the crockery 
of thi' M:iIU'>^' Jew, I)ari IVf;ifin>, by u fitn:itlcal 
Greek mob— a breuL^igo oF cnpsand Hauerrs which h^d 
l4> Imt debate.* in both Uouses, and (culminated in it 
sp<"ech of live honw. delivered by Ijoj-d l*almen*tonH in 
Ihc Comiuouf), in the course of whieii omtion h<* enuu- 
cisted bifi famous dictum that tho Briton abroad vras 
everywhere entitled to Enj^land's protection, iicceutuat- 
ing the declaration by (juoting from Ciwro ngjunst 
VerreM the tiiN4>oriir jjhniMi^ Civis RrwtanHJt num. But the 
people at larjjc* did care and eiitrhnr^in*<tirally cjire lor Uic 
Conaervative stateajuan who bad sacrificed power to ^ire 


the first number. I think I am speaking with accuracy 
when I say that the sale was six copies and a half". 
The half'Copy I estimate in this wise: A gentleman — 
I sliould say that he was a good old Tory, for he wore 
a huff waistcoat — came in hot haste one morning to 
purchase a copy of No. One. Tie explained, however, that 
lie had only eighteenponee with him ; bnt woiiM bring 
the balance in the aCternoon. TTc looked so thoroughly 
Conservative that I did not like to miss the chance 
of securing a possible subscriber, so I allowed him 
to take the number awa}- with him. He never came 
back. To complete the list of mishikes associated with 
this luckless enterimse, T may mention that I designed 
and had engraved on wood for the title-page of the 
Magazine a little vignette of a man iik armour waving 
a flag, on which I ioscribcd the well-known saying of 
the standard -beai^er of Constaatiue the Great : If if optimr 
monebimns : — a thoroughly Conservative motto pro- 
claiming a stem resolution not to march \vith re- . 
volutionary and subversive times. Unluckily, 1 attired 
my standard-bearer in the costume of one o£ Oliver 
Cromwell's Ironsides; when, properly, he should have 
been apparelled as a Cavalier in a plumed hat and a 
Vandyke lace collar. 

Peace be with the manes of the CoftservalivG 
Magazine/ As my name was not attached to it, it 
does not at the present time even turn up in second- 
hand booksellers' catalogues as a literary curiosity; 
and once only about five-and- twenty years ago, being 
driven by stress of bad weather into a coffee-house in 
Holbom, where there was a small library, I found, 
to my great amusement, in the catalogue a copy of 
the Conservative Magazine^ No. One and last. The 
coffee-house has long since been pulled down ; and its 
site is occupied by part of the Inns of Court Hotel. 
The library was, I suppose, dispersed \ and what became 
of that solitary copy of that wretched Magazine who 

STAKTiyO A 3fA0MIM! J-Vr> mtBAKlSC Vflh' VASK. i^ 

ftball say? I very soon cea^ti^d k^ tliink about it or 
about Coiiservatiam either, 1 had just two hundial 
poaoda left, wLich, in tbe sauguino impetuosity of 

{roath, I reckoned that I could turn cro longf into <ii 
Mst tw'o thousand. 

T\\r- »'ijuitiiitjLni;es "f my frii-iul Dr. GusUive Liidwig 
Moritz SimtisK nerir iiuim>uiuH, and belonged to varioits 
clajues of society, Amon^ them wn^ a ^eiitJi^tnun long 
since deo^afied, and whose name peHmpn there? would be 
no bann in giving: but as he iniiy have rolationa who 
nr^ >^til] nlivo, I think tliat thi* bi.^>it course to aclopt 
will be to call bim Mr. Hopeful. Hv had had, 
I understood, nt some priod or another sonn^thinjf 
to do viitli tbe livh', but wlii^ther be bad been u b;irnsti>r 
diflbarrcd f':»r some broach of furensic etiGUcttc. or 
a solicitor who Imd been struck oft' tbo rolls at the 
instigation of the Incoqwrated Law Society. I really 
oaonot «ay. f$uf1ic« it to iuy that he was on the whole 
a slightly "Kb;*^}-" individual. 

He wiw » persiin of in<wt jfentlenmnly manners ; had 
travelled extensively; spoke several lan^uagra, and u.sed 
occaj^ioually to hint at the pack of hounds which be hud 
kept in bin youth, nnd tlic horses whioh he had entered 
for divert; mceA. You u>ed to meet with these travelled, 
nelt-edacuted. shady gentlemen much more frequently 
forty years ago than you do now. Sometimes tliey had 
been lawyeix stoni^-times clergymen, and very ctUii 
capbuns. I hiivr known tw^ " \bad)' " baruuettt, aud 
luid even a ^li^'Lit acqu^Lintance with a sliady hrd. But 
he died. I eannot help thinking' thut it U the wonder- 
ful Aoceleralton of railway travelling and steam naviga- 
tioa and of telegraphy all 07er the world, that hoM 
thinned tbo ranks of the (piLhMi-aritttocratie t»r (juast* 
military " shady '* cla»«. Boulogne ^id CahitH ai-e no 
longer ciUbk of refugp for inflolvent Uritoni(; wbil« 
BruM«rU and Paris iire so &mtiniially truwrdcd by 
pro?(peroQa Kugli^b tnwlctfincD enjoying' their holidays. 


lluil (111? »itii«<lj' <UM'>r must always run the ri»k of^F 
fiouiitcnnt; iL ]>L*riLaps iiidii^niuit civditor. 

Mr. Hopefdl wjLs n Man with » Syitcui, T nwsin 
that hi* wa* firmly i*erHuadptl that by jwrsUt-riitly ami 
couTttNlriitly jiljiyiiig acconliiig to et^rbun ruh^ ;it the 
^mc of fvv^ ff noif, \it cotiM vrin vi-ry \argc anm* 
at a public f;amiD|; tuhlc. He //W been winning very 
krgL" S111U.S between 1^ t^ anJ I85U ; but somehow, aftet^j 
making muny thoih^aride of thalers at Kombui^, '^^^l 
\\m\ oxjwriotieod terrible ill-luck at Mucleii-Iia<len, anJ^^ 
had comv temponirily to utter gritf at \Vit'>ilw*don, At 
ihiK distance of time I heAtt.ato Ui my that Mr Hopeful 
vrtw in any r<^spf*ct a (lishonesl or ttntnitbfii) indiviaual. 
i1« wiv* only a ronlirmM ^iinbh-r with a Sj^r^m : wad 
u i^mbler vrith a Sy^cm t»ust be, to a ^:rcat«r or 
f^nmUcr e^tJ^nt, infiane, He* fully explamt'd to me hia^^ 
j»!an, which was certninly plausible ami R£*emetl EeasibMH 
4^iiou^h. He couUl m;Luu^i-, he Kaid, U> raine lifty [x>iind* 
rupilal. I w;iH itt iumWh a hiiiidnnl iLiitl havi' twn-thirtlx 
of the profit??, while I>r. Strauss was to anTonipauy us a^t^j 
a disinterpwted friend ol" ixith parties and "we fair." ^H 

There were mily a few yinxls lacking t^^ the com-^^ 
pletion of my inordinate pinmiimiie view uf the 
ivreat Exhibition which wa« to be : the |i^»-;flnd- 
hik drawinjffi weiv ail iviidy to he irHwd down on ll 
stom- ; and an iirtrslie friend of niiiK', Mr. IU>nj:in)ii 
Clayton, nii<h*rt<Hfk to eteh thi-m. Si) with a lii 
lu-Art wc set out on onr expe<lition In i)ue*t oi wealth;' 
Bub wliitlkT? you luiiy ii^k. Mr, HopLhil, who waa 
Kli^btly t:n|ienititionN — a.4 ifi the cw^.t?' with moi;t ^mi 
sters — frankly confessed that for the lime he thcughl 
it Iji-ttt^r to gire nonil>ui-^, lla^Jen, und AViwibaiU?] 
th«t p*-by: until at l[*jut \vt^ h;id well fenihen>d nn 
Defltatrsoine leT44 prc-tentiouj^ Contim^ntol frij/of. Mont«- 
Carlf) wns not yet in existence; but there was a 

fmblic piming house in Monaco itself. High ntakes, 
lowever, were mi'ely ventured on there : and it was man; 

9TARTTX0 J ^4*SASirS'K A^P liUh'AKfS'fS TlfK BASK. 2^7 

liiii)(Inv(Li uf mik-M awity ; friiv^tlHiig was t^o^tly, audi 1 
doubt eren if the nulway U> Nira, imwh less to tbe 
capital of Prince Orimaldi, w;lh completed, 

Thetif rviuaiiK<l u diuici' of tnx» ConbiiKntul towLs 
where public gfamiri^ wu^ tolenitod. ThL'rc wiis Gcnt^va 
nnJ tliere was Aixla'Cli;ipelleH Dr. Stmuns was \u 
favour ol" tosstinjf up sts to which of the*** towin we 
)(lionliI repatr. HoiuU for the city of Oharlj>inuiriio ; 
kiuU for Uie l>irthpW*» mF .Iran Jjinnn.^^i Umissi'juu Uiit 
my heaJ wiu- full r»f" what I bml reail abimt Kiirl iler 
(Irosse and tfie treajtun-r* of the Uoinkirche, and the 
Cotiirit^^ i» I^^IS t*j vfliiL*ii Carrino, the runiotK-^ eix>k» 
followcnt his etiiploYer, Lord SU-wrirl. aftcrwai'd!! 
M»nc|ui0 of Jjoiidonderrv ; and i\s lioldei' of two-tliii\U 
of our joint eapibil of one huutlivd ;uul (ifty ponnd*, 
I put ri>y fuut ihkwn ami resoKril Ihal thr plaiv ?ur 
tlic triul of oiir infiillihlc ?(y>t^Mii — our mujit infAllilde 
ny^tem — should he Aix-hi-Chapelle or nowhere. I hml 
an oid pri'jiiJieE\ (nrtlienur»re, a^'ain^t Switzerland ii\ 
;^ncml und Geneva in imrticulnr. It wai* not bcoaiue 
I had ;*ny cliMike to th*> Swi*«» who ait* a biiiv(\ piitriotie, 
pioU4, and ju^iuon>4 people, but ainoii;^ fliverH< doubtletitf 
absunl, tdicsyneninies nf mine lia*t al^vays heen a rooted 
avrr^ion from nniinibiiiioiLh iHitmtrii'K, ami I kiirw tlmf 
you could ^'"L- Mout IJhine from fieneva. Il ha:* been 
my lot duriuij a profenMonai curcer of two >4Corft yenr,** 
to crow. I kuiiw not how iiiauy times, ulniOHt m'ery 
known Alpiu^^ pji>!» oti iaule'b;tek, in di!i^''iivfiii, \\\ a 
travi'llmtf oarris^e. luid by railwsiy ; anti I \vxxin alwayft 
doTiP mv l>est to sleep unun^liy till w*- hinl iiHcended and 
dej^rencb-d the jmss and were in t.h** plain a^ain. Ovrr 
;iiid over i\^Aiu\ liave I traversed tbe Al[i?v :bud th** 
Sitmnieriu^; I have travellnl in Mu mountainous iri^ions 
of Mc^Ko :itii1 m tlic Itluc Muvintain^ of New Sc-utli 
Wales, The Sit>rrn Moremi and the Sierra Nevada ji^ 
Spain are familiar to me : and fn^quently have I nakerl 
tny neck in a xtuge-eoacli i>n roiicU borderiiij^ wlei^p 


1 1 II 


precipicw hi Ninv Zea]iin<) ; but 1 have ncv^^r ceased to" 
<ii»trui!t iiud diulikt.* inmiiituiiLoiui; »«eucry. 

In fact, I inAy Euy thitt rocks and crag« and inou^ 
Had sumniits fill mv witli imrrot, not unmixed witli 
tj'rnir, I \*tn^ for tl»^ valleyH, for tuiviiH full wf noise. 
And bQ»tlp, and men, womc^n, and oliildn^n. This, very 
possibly, you iniiy ascribe tirat lo my bcintf a Cockney, 
and next to my beiny normally dcrfitute of any appre- 
ciation o( the rornjantic c^r the piotureAqae in >'utiirc. 
I nni n'^i nfthami^'d to admit that suoh vpi-y |mibably is 
\\w <Msr' : *jill I ijiinmi h<'l|i snn|M'rt.inij tliut -.i grant 
pnrt of my diHUiKt4> for tnounturnK Ariseti from the 
i-irrnmHljinre that as a lioy at school in Fram^, I 
wou the firnt pri^e for g*^ography with a uiii]) in relief, 
moddlod in elfty» ftf South Auu-ricu. The toil which 
T had W8towc?il on nu'a^nrint,' tfje attitude of the 
dilft-'r^nt ebainK of mouiitaiuH tiiut I modelled, inspired 
me. it u jiouMhle, with u profound weurineiu c»f and un- 
rri^ridly f^idiit^ fur tin' rt^il moimtiiinH auiiMig which 
] \\as destiiu^d in rft^r-lifc w:» oiUn to Wiinder. 

We had not much money avaihtble fop travelling 
^rpeuiiep, and determined to be as eoonomical as 

rible till we reached Aix-ia-Cbapelle, whero, oS 
conrw', after a night or two at the trrv/e-ft-qtiara/r/e 
table the golden Fnileriekj* would enaie tumbling down 
into oiir |j<i(.*ket.M a** copinnsly a?^, ^lecnnlin^ to Suuthev, 
the waltr.'* einne down at Lodore, Kt) we Utok .shipping 
ftt the Old Swan Stuirs, Londnji Hrid;yre, and proceedea 
liy steamer to Dwtend ; nnd tlnnce we made the beat 
ot oiir wny. 1 f<u^f*t wlietlier by tfjff'/pftvt or rail, M% 

Young, sanguine, and in nuh^ hi'jiltb, I e4Ln 
»cnrrely di*si*nlM' tlie joy I iViL at lituUng niyji^lf on the 
shorpii of a country new to me- Hitherto, my Wjiwh 
tmvtdn had been confined to France; but here in 
Ih'lgium war* a Ijuid which, though Froach in ^onie 
renjiect^, was in otherii wholly and ddightCuUy im- 


a(^iiAtfirn«(i to me. iirussels Riled me with an ab^olut^ 
rEif>turc of eiijoymeut The i>t(^]> winding Alonta^iie 
de lu Conr, with it^ glittering «Iiop?;< wiiir pcrhAps ti 
little too precipitcud to suit my prejudices ; but. at nil 
events, the uiountam was one of houses, and not o{ 
rock». But tliv dt'liglits of the Pare ; th« Kxcrtlleiit /ullf 
J'io/e of llio HMA iVi Fbirnli'e — wi? did not vr.*t)t"m ti> 
alight at the adjoining Hotel Jiellevue — and, then, the 
wonderful Markt-t Place, the towering Hotel de Vilk, 
the quuint old Maisou du Hoi, tho Malnon doA ltra»- 
tMSUt^, 4iid the uucteni oditice on the liu^juli^ of which 
wu inscribed the terrified invocation : "^ Farm*, Pesfts 
W IMIo^ /Joi/if/it\ Llhcm _V*>jr." Poor Ffn/.r-rl/fjis! In 
the old tinieM they hail iLin|dtJ rejLsan, ^oinlniv^s kiuiwtn, 
to pray to bo dtl]vi>red from Famlnt', LVstdencc, and 
\ Then thca* wcro the (.ialcries St, Hubert, and tb<^ 
great tlieatre of Lu Monuaio, and a dozen other plu^^es 
of int«i&iit to bt» viewed during a Kojourn fKsircely ox* 
t4>ndinj; i*ver twenty-tour houn;^ 

\VV hud UM time to inukt* an excursion to the Ketd 
uf Waterloo; for ou tlie iifternoim following the day of 
our ani^ul wi- .sptfil by rjtil Ui thr <itirniii.ii fmntit-r- 
Wu hod ^ '^oiA deiil of trouble ut the Lrcniuiu Cu>toiu 
Koajs« ; nnd, for the liret time in my life, I mudc thu 
ae<|iiaiiitunee of tliat n<niarkab1e ty[)e of oMcialiflm, thi* 
Prussian ^fixt/fji/uf — a Pery wcjrthy pei'tiuu, no doubt; 
niiU-tiaUUiokhig, well »*.'i up, und uorn-ct to a butt"u lu 
hhi uniform, hut who, to all appearauee, hihouis undrr 
tbtf inconvenience of having been horn with an irou 
poker instead of a backbone. Ue is a sturdy, gallaut, 
hoho^, ami in tlie nuiiii good-heurted fellow, your 
officialised Prus^iian. Still it i^ unfortunately iiu- 
poMiblc to iufns& tbo tflight««t amount of flexibility 
into that rigid spiue of bi^. 

I am unaljle lu fonn the Nlightest ideit ;l.% to where 
the Kur»aal, or jrnbiic i^uniiiig »ik>on, wast situated. 
Ferhaps it nuiy have been ?iomewhere near the (irand 


PALXfi LiFB ASj> jnrff%'rr«i?5: 

Moiianiuv Hotel. In any ca«e, wt- hot ty work un tixc 
evening of our arrival at Aix. Nirithi^ ] nor tlif doctor 
pliiyecl HO much sin il thaler, but wp xtood iimX n-utched 
thu experienced Mr. Uopefui opcratiUji: at frcaif^- 
quaranfe; and from timo to tim<' he hauded to me hiK 
wmnincp!, roAei'viiijf only i\ sulTicietit kiidi a^t working 
cupitd. Tlio room>; c1o««d at twt>lve: and w\i^r\ uv sai 
down tu sapper I miide my pOL-kets dis-juigc tlieir 
buvitj, Tliey wen? TiiU <)f tliuh-rs iwid |-Vledridi?v ; 
;LDd 1 TilioiUd MAy thiit our uH profits tli:it nip:lit h»d 
amounted to u liupdrod and fifty poimds in JEn^Iblt 

It wa^ tlie old, old »tory ; no old indetrd oa to 
he K'lirct'ly worth n^poyithit;, Wc h;id won fully 
eight IiutkIivJ [kkliihI?!, when Mr Jloueful suddenly 
thuD^eil liis lactic?**, and played Hholiier liif^llibJt- 
Sy^tviii, hv wlui'J] hf» vrry muui f:iinfrivfil iv lo^r 
heavily. Then lie went back to hia i.iKI sy^ltin. oiid 
lo«t nt that. Then I thought that I ^oQld try t»y 
luck sitthe roffMff table. In tlie cmirsr of two hours I 
wun lifty pounds ; and in tlie courz^e o\' two nnntitei^ I 
]o«t it ; it^Kiilt after a week's openitions — total eolhipst\ 
I hud a hsindsome yold watch, n starf-pin» and a i;t»«]*le 
of rings; ;uid till' diMTii't iis>istiinL4»l lierr lHr;(i'l Hiisrli, 
or Ih-iT SiduiiKru Kiieliji. having hceii cnllrd in, ui\<\ my 
personal valuables realinc^, 1 iiMinugcd. witlj the further 
aid (if a Hank of Kn;;huid note for ten puuiwU, which 
I had S4^eivted in my writing <h^ek, to dischai^e the 
hotfl bill, and pny the fare for Dr. Strauss imd 
niy>eH' io ["Hii!^. The hehuviuur of M r. Hnin^fiil, under 
thehe f^umewhat frying circninFitauei-*^. wan Ciihn and 
^ dignificil, ;tnd, 1 uiay ;ihiio^t siiy, heroic. JIc acknow- 

I lodged Ibiit hi* liaviii^ in»pr«dently chan^-d hift ^y^tem 

I had been the primary cause of all our diMi»ter»; but, 

I althoutzh ho iillowcd nic to dcfrny hiy sluirc of the 

I bot^l bill, lie rewjlutcly relumed his consent to my 

I prop*>Md that I ^hoiihl pay his fare to Paris. 

All he sv-Auiei \vu> n ctiugili; i:f Ii.uIm ; h' Ii;ii) -^'iit, 
;Lnother Infallible^ System, by mmus o( wliicli ;t hu-^r 
fortune was to be m^\c by bHcking thi: number 
*■ thirty-fivc "' nt rouMtf : tbc stake never exceeding n 
Kiii<,'lc- thaler iit n time ; but you liud ti^ wiiit tor a ^Tcat 
toaiiiv revolutiuus of tin? wheol bet'oiv " tUlrty-Hvi- " vvaa 
iiiiitfioiimiically rr>ri;ttti in t.nrii ii]) ; uiul Jt iitiglit, 
jM*rbajji^» bkkr jL wlt4jle niontli Ui a^^^jnire tlu- wtiiUti he 
was certain wa^ in his grasp, and which he ^;eiK^nni!»ly 
pruRiised to i^hare with me. So I Iianded him thu 
two louis*. and baik- htm a cordinl farowi'll. 1 ^oi ix 
U^ttcp from him «on»« wei'kK aftorwunls, with tho 
Fninkfort iK>$t'rDark : ami in th\^ billet he* infurmeit m^ 
that Fortune bad not yet lavomW hini to any con. 
niderahle t-xl-^iii, bul that hi- vriv< or ilii> mini' »nd 
hoping for lirightcr liiiys Wcuiid I kindly writer to 
him t« the address, " Ponfr realanf'-,'' " i'ovfr rcsfa/rfr'* 
where "r I tried Frankfort; but rewired no anawer 
to ray misftivi-. It mutt havi^ been fioan; other 
" Povfif Ffnt/tittt'" |)i>s«ib1y ftt Pondicherry, or Chander- 
luigurt*, or NoiHTWii Be it sis it may» I nevi^r «iw nor 
hesrtl from Mr U[>|»efiil af^'aiki. 

I dcrobed a few lioum prior to our departure For 
the PreDch CiLpihil to [myiti^ u Hyiii^ vi«it ti^ 8om6 
of the IcadiniJ licna of Aix-la-C^bapelle- l^L»urativcty 
epeakin^, the lioos roared, but their roar souncled in my 
ears like a proclamation that " red had woo," or that 
"hiAck hail hist/' while ihf hAU uf the clmrclies 
KKitM'd to he rhiugiTig forth iii»-3«xatit iiitiiitati'riiM of 
'* he jrtf esf fat/ : rku n*' ra pim^ I saw the tomb 
of CharlemapDc. over which Hoaiething closely akin 
to a roukttO'Wheel **ecuK*d to be suspended; and, 
(inaliy, 1 ini^pctwl the celebrated Hut-Springw, whicli 
naturally at once, and not v^jry ngix-eably, «ii^^Mted 
the remarkably hot w^ter into which I hiwl got 
myself ihnfii^h my Ix-lief in Mr. Hopeful and his In- 
falltble ttyati'in, iJut Hope .'^prin^s eternal in the 


Iiummi l>i"cu»t; ainl» ut twenty-two vcars oi age, it doee 
not matter mucb if you liavo booa tcmporurily ruined 
at a earning table. 

We had, on iho whole, a very pli^asant journey to 
Pi^riit, by Uie way uf Htni^bitr^ ; uiul I was much etliGeil 
by Or. KtrauHf^ liolilui^ a k-ngtbi.-DtNl convonaUon, in tlie 
Latin tougue, with three (Jerman students. At every 
station at which tho train (itopped. the party ^t out to 
cat Bnikrbri^<b and t^auwages, iukI di-ink bei?r; and then 
they talki^d iiioic ftnd luoro volubly in tho laiij^uagA of 
Cicero and Livy, and played domiuues and card<, and 
smolced [lerpetually- Wheu we reached Paris, our 
tiriHiict'A Ih iu|r III' ibe inixsi 1iiiub>rl kind, we abi^tatneLl 
from repairing to ah liotcl, but took a couple of «^mii11 
b(Klrootm in u tall old house in the Buo dc TEoolc dc 
XWdetsinc; and there we remained till the firm of 
Ackennauu sent lue a remittance* on account of u new 
couiie panorama of the Oreat Exhibition, of a more 
anibitiotnt knid thati the ri»riiu-r oiie^ ami wnirh tht« 
time was not to be engraved on stone, but Latched 
on copper. 

I had some lifty or i^Lxty p«n*aQd-ink dcetdifot 
to make bofore tho eoppor pbitofi eould 1)0 attacked; 
and the autumn bein^ u reinarkaijly fine one, I tlioucbt 
that 1 would take a trip into Lancashire, and even visit 
the Jale «f Man, T n>amed alxjut ni>rth-west Knglaud 
for Mome two moiitht^^ and I should siiy that during 
tli&t period 1 tcU in love at least cloven timc^, idway& 
with strietly honourable intentiouB. My amorousnees 
was, I surmise, of the nature popularly known as *' calf 
love." Unfortunately, none of the objt^ctt of my affec- 
tions would have Euiytbing to say to me ; much to the 
i*uq>riHt* ofu worbliy old lady who kept jin hotel at New 
Itrighlon, near liiverjKJol, and who took a fancy to me, 
lirst because, a,^ she put it, I wa.^ " chiAcjical," and next. 
because I could eat jam. Jam wu^ cortaiuiy n very 
euriouA voiid to an okl lady's favour i but ebe happened 



to have twro [irclty JuutjlituM's, tvfo or tlirco niown, and 

were being coutiiiuuUy sought in marriage; a-ud 

[Iter tniiiii objeotioii to tlii*u- vuitijrH v/-jh tliatf :k a rule, 

iWwy ui^iv miaUK'. *jr t>l»jrt;U»0, Ut cut jhiij : f^jji'iially ul 

tlioftv liigli^teaA I40 |iteatiBi]tly associated with Lancasliirtr 

'ITn? Iiigliicu uf l'»ii>' years binco wa?(. and is i^tjil, 
,Z liopc. un idc-ul rL*])Eist ; UikL^d nincktrel, hum. p^jiichtrd 
9ggb, t^'Ei-cuk^Fi i>f every iiiiugiu^hli* form, and amy 
awount of jam, I uoticet] that the old huly very nar* 
irowlr ^^atc))ed tlie lirnt tiiiLc lU;ii I partiiok of her hoa- 
piUUty. 8h(^ smiled bonigitaiitly yv\i<:u I ujsked fur n)<ir- 
ipaladc , but ivhea abe ?iaw hk^ make a resolute oaslau^ltt 
on a pot of {^reserved apricot^H slie e?cclaimed triumph- 
antly: "He'll do, Sally: he can k-at jatn ! " Sally. 
tiuha]))jily, wu« uut of tlie »aiiLL> initid with lu^r paR'nt* 

Am to my beiii<; "diuisicLil.*' \ivr impression in that 
R«pect ai-OM?, 1 j^byuld nay, from the fuct that, althcjugU 
an unihO|ilL]Htii'}kU*iI oM hidy, who ^fatk^ tlie bniadeMi 
Ijancuebtre diukct, »ho bad a VL*ry pn>Fauud rt-^pect lor 
people who poascfiacd cvcu niudcmtc scholarship. Sbc 
bad known, and liad been the humblo friend of, tbe 
iJlufitriuu^ l^ord Brougham, and Hhe told me eome very 
curiou^i anecdotes of Ihe gi'eat orator and lawyer. How, 
wlnnt hv ]*-ft his liuniv to go to lionduii, bi» I'x- 
claiined, embrat'iiij^ bis luotber: " IlerL* goe* for Ixrd 
Chancellors " and bow, tbiMughout hU early strnggleh, 
M Oiroughout bj!« alter-career of npleudoiir ilikI fame, 
ha never omitted to writij to that mother i;very diiy 
mhilc felie vmt^ alive. 

Wb&Q, as Harry Urougham, he wan eont«?t^tii])f 
iui I'lei'fioii Ml YorksbirL' my old btdy iVinid hitd, ii4 
an botcl-kwpor, rendiTed bitii coiihidt-nihle HiTviccM ; 
and he georroUMly aL-kim^vledg^l thiM help by Iht? 
preaeut lA' a bone and ^'i^'. One story tihe told me 
of hit* childhood, 1 put in print my^lf many yent^ ago. 


but liio iitiblic ttketnory U t»bort, und it i^ (^omctinu^ 
permi^iblc uixl tn-on U^nefieiat to dig up an old 
clieivtuut* WU«Q Harry Brou|^bam wiik ijuite » Ittlli' 
boy bis mother bad n careless servant who wiis ron- 
iiiiimlly hii-^ikiiii; ^IjiN^fK iitii) cnhTki*ry vieliv : aiid her 
upulugy ufU^r ibu coinniii^sion of one of fchewe acta of 
destruction wii* invari^iblj the pk-ti, in the load dialect, 
that t!ie bixjkeu article had Ven "crackit*' before. 
One davi titUo boy Harry, wb4> waN ;^ froticsonie urcliic, 
manured to tumble dowii-stni»v, from tb<> ii!*it-floor 
landisgp iuto tb^ bull. i&v^. Bri3U)|hum. in an n^oiiy u( 
anxiety, niHlied from tlie jiarlour to the suceoiir t>f ber 
Mni, (■i;ieiilAt.injj: *' Hiirry^ tMV dartii)^ Harry, roii must 
have broken yi^ur bead I " '' Niiy, inither/' reijlied the 
I'uture Cbanccllor, " i( iva» ct'acht ^f/orc." 

My uld lady friend had also tuown Hartley Cole- 
ridge, the )>o<?tj ona of the Hoim of SajniK-i Taylor CVde- 
rid^e; aiid »!»*? ww full uf stori** of Hurtky'*; Warnini; 
and kind-lu-ark-dneMs. hU fondiies^^ 1'or cbiUlreii, :ii]d bis 
HOinewbat. exremive iiildii:Lednehf* ta the tlou-ing bowl. 
Uu un« occasion, m Mime uut-of-thf-way vilTi^ in 
the Luke lUrttrict, he eoiisenU^xl to deliver a Itcttiru 
t>ii AVordtiworth ; ujid on the ujipoinled evenini^ 
the clmreb wohoolixjom wa^ erowdod by an itxpeetunt 
audieno'- After keepinjf ihein waiting for a quartei" 
ol" ail liunr, Hartley Culeridge nude his iL|»|i''arit!ief* ; 
afie^udErd bbe |dutform : opened a iiiatiiiserint ; W>ked 
tuuikU and then, in a htrideut voiee, deltvered hiinwdf of 
the foUowini^ ^Urtli]lg ulteraiiee, *" Lily-wbit^i inuffinii/' 
That WU5 all the vicar cuid a euratci aiid thu church 
«uhoolniistre[>[i could <;et out uf bim, nud be eiidcHl ws 
he began, with *" LiJy-wbite niuffiuh/" Su you see 
that idtbough ujy old lady friend va» not the ro»e, she 
luid lived on Uiv iskirtw uf :i rose garden, wbenije her 
esteem for that which frhe called "cW&ical," 




^"UUi^ 4 liUufB m II Utlluvh^LiDaL'inririt Clnlii niiil In^ Plan f4>T Kindiii^ 
frtnklin -\ 8rri>i]] Auiiifni'i iiii'l a IlLn|i|Htintifl I «nf<M tJuiinr- 

I HAS in liam(^» again during thp winter montlis of 
l^'V) in London, steadily working; at u\y otchings, and 
KUpuk'iiK'ntin^ my mo'K'st iMrnioyw l»y ocniNiuiiid " |Kft* 
boilers," received fur wjiter-coluiir dniwiiigs iind IiUhj- 
grapltic ilm^ini^.s ili i-lialk or jii ink, always for the 
account i>r u\y cunshtnt |ratn>iis, tln' AckeniKiiniH, 4)f 
literature- or journalism 1 tifid ccused LVea to cli'cuni ; btit 
tbat I woe not entirely cured of my propensity for 
f4)K'cul:ition Wi^i^ shown by the cireunietance that ere the 
year xkum uut, I was able t* Iniy a share vt one third of 
u lalluon. A Mide-wimlfull h^id brou^tit iif»tti]otli4*r ^niull 
fireliold hoUKi* property : uiul on tlie ^ale uf this, lit 
Oallavray's, 1 put a liumlred ]KJund\ into the balloon 
adrenlnnv uf the nrrostiitic inacliine itaelf 1 watched 
the tnuniifiicture, whicb was cjirried on in the upper 
room of a floorcloth wHrehouHL\ t^oniewlK to in tlio neigh- 
bourhood of the IMaetfriars Rosid, The silk u>ed for 
tht' balloon hfi*! fir'^t to li** eaivfnUy varnijiheil, ;iud then 
wr** rut inlu I*jtiij irfrp^dll-^l|;l|>l.^d g<"re->, which were 
atU-'ntively ?*ewn together by femiilfiS. 

One of my associates in the balloon enterpiW w*w 
a Ijient^nant (lule, who^e uojuaiatiuice I had made a 
couple of v<Ni" hefor{>. Hl- had been, I think, a lieu- 
tetwint in tlie Itojal Navy, and hwl co»ninunded acoa^it- 
guard station -joniewhere in the north of [relajul ; hut lie 
(uid p»sm4 a good nuny yi^ars of his life in the United 
St»t<H. toUowin"; what avocation I know not. but EBiling. 


ftsft fiJEWTOT* ANT) AnrsyrmtES. 

appartMitly, to I'otilHe iuiy iiiilitctimtial [irotits theTefroro. 
lii» wiw oot, like my frkmd Mr H(?nry C"twuU, a 
KcinitificHcrgimut : Wt lie na^a iraii uf t)iciuu«t tlHiint- 
lew courage — ah gallant, ]ierliapii, as the I*rmce of 
Aeronauts), Mr. Charl« Orceii — ami his early tninin^ us 
a aoomaii had ^iven hitn tbat ijuickiK:^^ ot ftctivn* and 
clearness of WlkI, aiul rcadint'ss of r^.'woiiroi?, vrliic'li aro 
absolutely iudispeosaWe in wluit I may call Uu' ski|»pi»r 
of an aerial sliip. He was a dreamer of dreams; and 
was umi of ilit^ many ]injjt^i;k>rK nlio InuI ci>iH:fiviHl 
the idea of a balloon wlilcli coukl \iv iiavIgateJ. 
He bod DO literary faculty, but he commumcatcd his 
viowA to mc, and I %vrat€ fur him a lecture on ballooning 
in ^neral, aud on thi^ ^otwibilitios of ai>nal navi^tiou 
in particular, wbicb he wa>i to dolivtr in certLiin Imt^q 
pntvincia) lowiiv, allowing me a bamUoim.- pro]>ortiou of 
tht; prc»lits. 

At ttiLv jteriod all Kugland waA talking about tlie 
vanished Arctic Kxpeditiuu, and tlie lost 8ir John 
Fruiikltn and Wis bcsroic eotiipaniun^, The licuti'iuLiit 
lutd uoueeived the odd notion that the «hipti of the Ex- 
pedition iiiigbt be lyiiiff jjenfu behind some gigantic 
iceberg; and his proposal wa> to ]>roi;eed in a Ht^amer 
hpecially fitt(<d tip for Mie l<i iSw Arctic 
iU-gii^na, and maKe restricted, or *' captive" bttlloon 
uaceub;. in the hope of aurvcying vast tracts of icy 
deserts, and pQ.«t^ibly li^htin^ on aome vestiges of the 
Icet ships. I drew out Tor him a niomorial to the LiOrds 
of the Admiralty, on which document I iioeil $eare«1y 
>ay a plL-ntiful ihttth^ of ulHcial eoM wat^T was vwiy 
promptly pLiured. Then Ciale bontbaided the Press witL 
details of hi*; nchciim. A tVw of thti iit-vr^[>a]ier9 iu* 
Hert«d l]it» coiniuunieatioiis ; but they led to no grtnter 
ret^ult tliiiii a caricature and half a column of dia 

Sam^'iu^ ndioule in I'unch. 1 believi; tliat the t>nl^ 
uitinguibhL'd pen^omi^e who ever condescended to 
examine Q\\W% plan with attention, uud who looked 



ii|>Mn it vrit)i voniif lU^griHi of »pprc»vnl, was the Prince 
Consort. Fdit tlio Ii«ul4?nant w:is niisera-bly [>ocir ; he 
)iad tt hagc" ^mily nf youii^ i:liil<tt-eii» ;iitil wiis tivlLolly 
iiicompetontto atlvimoc Im views, or inako inUirt^st, iu in- 
fla4>ntinl quArt^rs. He centred liU liopc!^ on nn itincr* 
ftnt lo-oturp. illiiF^fnited hy moikl^ and diatjrami, in tlie 
pxecution of which I lielped hvin as wpII as I could. 
He was to c<>miii«'nce hJA cani[}aign id HuU, ni whioh 
vrhiUiitjj st<»Aport (Wp intfrrrni hnil :llwa,J^ b**rn fr\k. In 
tJic fat« of Franklin and his comrades — an interest 
increased by the frequent visits to Hull of thf* dovotod 
wife 06 the heroic explorer. T think, indeed, that 
ly Franklin ev<tn gract^rd Lioutenant Oale an inter* 
kw : Lut she (ail^ to grasp thv Kcopv of hif; vulicni^t. 
I tfMjk K w't'ok*s holiday to see my frieml thL* lieu- 
tenant well jitai'tt^d on hij* lecturing io\u\ so we travelh^d 
to Uie tiortlicru >eujK:>rt hy way of Ihrioinghani : nud 
in the Midlund Mitropolia 1 hiid the advantage of 
incctiD;^ nnd of converging — I think it wiu; In tho 
Binokiii^-rooni of the Hen and Chickens Hotel — witli the 
wt>r)d*faiR0ii5 manufacturer of steel pens and collector 
of workai of art and antiqite violin:*, Mr. Johcph Gil- 
lott. At Hnll vfe had cugage<l some Assenihly l^x>mA 
for three nights. We liad money enough to advertise 
the leeture pretly liberally in the local oewspapers, which 
obliged u^ with n niimhcr of highly complimentaiy 
parii^raphK, predicting hrilliant stuccess for the gallant 
liient*-n!int tiale, R.N., tlit* inulminUd aenmuut, pro- 

J'pctor of un aerial ship, and potential saviour rtf Sir 
ohn Fr;LnLltii. 

in the coiiFMc of the forenoon a prominent local 
confectioner waited on mc. as the lieutenant'* man of 
business, and asked for the concession of the solo 
right to sell ivfreshmc^nts durinc the three ev(<ninf^ 
on which the lecturer were to W delivered. '* Certainly/' 
I replied, "hut hi»w much would In* jjive for the pnvv 
Ic(rc? " "A pound/* sng^^ated the confectioner, i 


SATAA'ti hth'K A}iU ADVF\TritES. 


put my lianJ Xq my fortOioacl, a^ though in protouiwi 
metlitution, aod at leti^b I md, as seriously as I eould, 
" Thirty i*lnlliii^!*.'' 'Split the <li(Ti^iviit't*, Mister, niui 
idhIci* it fivt-iinil- twenty iK»h/" n-ttinun] I.Ik- ihaii cf pif** 
and tarbi ; and. not witliout some show of rcluctjince, 1 
ACoept<*d Um olTor. Al^! for the vanity of hui 
wi«ho»t And the* fallacy of human ho]>eii. The Jkighi 
cumc, und I wa$ monoy-taker ai the A>;!«c-nihly Booms* 
Anxiously did I list^m for the' hound o( footal 
ujceudiiig the stairs; hut I iuii afrard, iu tlie wliole bi 
of Ihi.- \va\1 iind gallery all round, our uudienu-e did not 
nni>t<T niuri' tlian six-and-tw*^iity, iiidudkiif^ hjilf^^i- 
do^^cn fishcr-lada, who paid ha]f-pna\ mid the inevitable 
old lady with the cru*h bonnet uud the big umbrclW' 
whom I have rarely known to be absent from the limt 
ni^ht of any lecture in the civilised world. 

I Imve met ht*r in Lundun, iu N<»w York, in Sao 
Francisco, iind jill uvcr Austniliii jud Hvw Ze-.iluml ; and 
I recollect once that she turned np at a public meeting 
of the Hyron Memorial Committee at WilUu'ji liooin^, 
Bcnjiimiii Disnicii was in the chair, and the old lady waa 
in tlic front row t>f th<:' reKprvod seats. As the great 
orator dwelt on llic gt^niuv iiiid the stormy Jife of Byron 
the uld lady with th*? big umbrella rocked her body to 
a^id fni^ iiiid, to my ajitoin^hmeat, lit'g;iii Iu wwp liitk^Hy. 
Wht^tlter she Wits sorry that Lord Byron and his wile 
did not get on very well together, or whether she was 
moved to tears by the movinj^ address o£ the right 
honourable president, I am incompetent to day \ but 
there she was, and theri^ ahc will be, I im^gini.', on 
Miaity public (KxiLAiuns, toiig iLlk>r I luive joined the 

The worst of it waji, that jiilting in my monry- 
taker'^ lx)j. with nothing to do, 1 conld licar th(- 
fionorous voieo of Lieutenant Ualc echoing through the 
almost empty ImlL and interrupted at no infrciiuent 
intervals by cries of ** Y;di ! " ^^Sbutun!" ' IVil your 



head in a l>af^!" and so tbrth. Soon I wa» to liear 
another voiiy*, Uimul to tone« (jiiUt* £u lii)KtilL\ f'losi.> 
faj my own iittlr ntchc. It wjis Uie vnice t>f the 

local conl'ectioner. " Wlicre'.^ the iive-and-trt-entv hoh'r" 


lie ahoiitefl. '^ tiiniine back my one jtmmd ii^'e. Blow 

yi>ur lmi>ryha-*?*tation," And to tliotii^ lir a^MctU I iiin 

■aftuid, nnmy Kiihsliintivcs :ii»l l^djo^tiv*^s uiirit for jiubli- 

lion. Fortunately I luid tsikni the |)rerautiou of 

locVm^ hi)w?If in my Ijox; so, ntiev slia]ci:i^/ his fist at 

nu? a gimd maiiv iiiMCH, ]u- ^r(*\v waary df vilijH^iTilIii£>; mt^, 

ant). f^inK ^^^>'> ^^^ ^<^^'ti 1^0 moro> The rcoiAining 

two af the cuui^c ot lecturer \vcre m^t deliver^. As 

for the share which I ftiihsennontly had, or was la havi\ 

[^in i\\e ballooD which J ^aw made, it waa not prodiictivt^ 

if roniunonilive r\*wults ; sine*^, br-forc tho nuujliiut' was 

iiupleted. Lieiiteiianl Oah.'! u^.'cuptf^il un enj^^^i^einent to 

take a seriw^ of hnlloon aficetktn in Paris and in oUicr 

.t<mii.H oi Uie Kn'iU'li drijaHnir'ut?'. At ftr^i lir wa* 

highly Niicoessful ; but u iVw wr('kfl ulltrnnrds. at 

Rordf-^ux, the machine in whicli he ii*cendcd canie to 

;ritff; he fell out of the tar, iind bi^ dead body 

iiiTU diwovi-rod a fiMV day* afterward*, hAlf-dcvinii>.'d 

hv dnifiG, ill & wootL 



TIIR VronM>'» KAIR- 
Conwo ■■ !!«#— At»nJ«ung Art fur JacimoUim -BcaJHdua launlojr «nd 

Tiir year 1851 broke toltrably briffht on me. I htd 
pknty of work ; and, moreover, I had struck up a close 
allinncc- with the ceI«bmtM tVnch cook, Alexis 
Soyer. for who«t' coftmopolitan TC«taumnt At <!of^ 
House* Kensington — to wliitrh \iv huxl ^iv^a th« 
attnifltix'e title af '* Soyer's .Symposiuiii " — I Iiad 
jiiiinii'i) f>u iiw vsaW^ iif me grand sUirco^ a wouKI* 
Df? c^micr p^morama, in wluclt ncrarly all tlie oelebriUes 
of the day weri* depicted, For Soyer likewise I wrote 
a «]iiurt4i rftfahj/urt j-niftoNf/i iesonbiiig the d*x*rationh 
and ||jfii'>ral appointmonts of the ertaWishmfnt, As 
to my pniiorania on tlie Htaireas^, Sojer, who wiw 
nothing it' not fsmtasticv Etnd to si cerl.^iiu i?xtent 

iiijtc^kisli, iijMsled, to my n?luctance niid no 8mall 
isgust. in calling it "The Orand MaccdoiDe o[ All 
Natimi^ , being a IX'inisfniitra^floini]>aiKKlicLir<mo- 
pidyUiiyofantjtimhiojiyinposiomniu, or ii^ucliugettin«riip- 
^tatrst<itb<!groatexliibition of l^^51/' I groaned as 1 
intcr^jolatLM tbJH Iiideoii}^ rubbi>th in iny uianuscript ^ 
but it was a ceimj of Ancient TlT^Ud and Lliv Wk. 
1 wroti?, and eke I swm'o. 

The fignres m the ]>anorarna bH had very big heada 
utid vt*iy small bodit-s» S*jTut* were t*ii foot, rttune iM\ 
horseback, and notne mounted ou griffins, dragoiiti» 
girftffce. rf^Iepbaiitft, hippopotami, cameU, rhinoceroses 
and mastodonft ^ while among the oharacteni reprei^nted 



Oi*' jjlinnts of Wniiaiii VWi 'AwA riiarU's .1 

rM> ^iiiiHTs oi miiiaiii rni. arm i ri»rk>H -Viinu-s 
, Napnlfon. Wellington — tliL* ■.TCHt Diikt' Ciinio morv 
than nnce to Ciore House — Abd-cl-Kader, tipneral Tom 
Thumb, Joseph A^lie the Quaker ftwiwiler. Dickens, 
Tlkflck^rny, Mnrk Lemon. Oenrj;i> Cruiksh^nk, -hiUien, 
Albert Smith, Barbier tho fmnhonr ntajor^ Douglas 
JoTToW, Victor Hu^, Cobd^n, Min^n-a, Sir Heorpe 
Wcmthwell (the father of the present pojiuhir iKinmet), 
John Rrigtit, ('i^bdeii^ Mr. TiKih* thi- tii»KtHiojtsit='r, 
'Hlravpyara" Walker,' anrl the Marquis of Londonderry. 
The grent statesman afterwards to become Earl 
,0f Bcucansfield had not, in IS-')1, by any nieaDis 
,ftbtndofi«d the |>omptt and vanities of well-otl^d 
iaglets, ^orj^eouK wni>;tccat»;, and meandering gold 
■bains; and on the day he came to Qore House he 
Vn* enref)iii'HA!ly sumptuoUK In lii* attire. He presented 
|Bojer witli a cptotation fmm <jne of his novels — whkh 
ione I forget; hnt it contained an allusion to the 
'Beautifuh and was printed on whit^ watered silk or 
latin, with a gold fringe. I wonder hiiw many of 
those doeomtive excerpt* art^ in exirt^nce, and who 
are the poHf;e«£ors of ivliat in;iy be e^ncidered roiillj 
int^r^atin^ relics. 

Th«^ e*i4>king at Soyer's Hymi>o-sitini was of 11»a 
Tcry highest class — that i» to ?ay, if you had a rubinH 
\farfi€fth(^r; but Soycr hiid to ejitcr for the masaes; 
he had even to supply fthilling dinners in an immense 
nuiniuce at the bottom of the grounds ; and the masses 
^Mottfionally grumbled. Thf* result from a pecuniary 
point of view was c^iliihtniphe; and the enerfft»tic 
cief told me aflerwai"ds that he had come out oi his 
Symposium eiLtf^rpri^e with jnsl one hundred jionnds 
in catih. in the worhh In addition to my iirlidtic and 

• Dr. Willar. of St Jmn^V Pltrv. Mrnoil liii tohriqtiH from linviiii; 
Wrii ^ndpAlljr iNtlmmpiitil in lirinfrm^ nWit ttia nholUiini nf iitFrH- 
Diurvl iDirmivnt*. In vm\j lifo lia Imil pm*Ti«^l m Dnuy Lnue; Aud 
«iiuli] ninvui^yti' rli^ hom^rv Ltf lW i^n'rrvnnl ilftiiu-lml liy DirVctid in 



Thtmcft. One Imlf-mile wp fell lik*^ a stone; then, by 
th« tact and the pre^itcc of miad of tbo aeronaut, one 
Mr. Chambon, Ii«> convortad the tattered balloon into 
a parachnti*, by mi^ftnn of which we <l€«ccnd<fd fotM^*, 
iilihoii^lj [ wiu bnnwd from hejid to foot, in a innrket- 
ganlcn at Piitii*»y, 

A ^ood m.iny of my Iit^tarj' frif^nda liare mndc 
balloon ascents, and one of thoni, Albert Smith, 
nearly lost his life through the mnchino dosccndinp 
on aonie PcafTold pol^s round a house in course of 
conatruotioii ; and I am consequently not at all 
de«irou« to give nnnr«c<'«v^ry iufliition to my own 
ei|K'nriire of arr^jstaticw. I may remark, howevt*r, 
that a few days after the accident, it hajipened that 
I paid a vif^it to Vanxhall liardf^nn, where I found my 
fri<>iKl thi.> vnt<'ran ncronuvit Mr Charles Oreen, pre- 
paring' for an aerial vojn^ in his hu^ Nasmtt bidlooD. 
With threat courtefiy he offered mo a seat in the car, 
fihsei-vinjr that I ahould have the opportunity of 
kuriwii)^ whut an ancent ('ntidut^U^il im Kl.ri<^1.1y !«(Tti^iitific 
principles was like. It ih ]X3ejiiblo that he Itad no vtry 
;rrcat atimimtion for Mr. Boll's balloon, which waa 
shaped like a large 'lorman flausagOn suspended hori- 
Kontally in the ompyr^^ann I thanked Mr, (Iroen for 
his polite offer of bo7*pitidity» hut told him tliat I had 
ha^l quite enuu^h to do with b^illooiiing, both in % 
physical and a thiancial sense, and that I considered 
nijit uHii"f*i'.her I wns w»*ll out of it. 

Hut now comes iin unexpected sequel to my advon- 
ture in Mr. Bell's sausa^e-nhapcd aerostat. Escap- 
ing, aa I had donc^ by the skin of my teeth, from 
almost certain death, I was for sovorol days in a sljtto 
of RTOut nt^rvou« ^xciti^nient ; and t wuk stupid enongli 
to write a lengthy letter to the TimfH, in whieh I 
vehfiiKatly denounced {\\^ folly and foolhai'diness of 
balloon ascents titidt^rtaken for the mere amusement 
of crowds of ^ping sightseer??. In the course' of tbi» 



loiter [ reimirkv^, iuchIl*!! tally, tbut 1 was an artist 
TIk* day foUowing ite publioation^ the Moraiu^ PoH 
eatD« dovrn ou nie witli a ^lasbiug leading article nbout 
\uy injudunouN lctt«r; uuJ i\\v writt-]- of tlie ou^lLiii^bt 
was gtiod i-nodgii Uj "|jiini lliat. if 1 wax iiidi.-(.*J an 
artifit, as i had called luy^elf, I was ]>robably oiio 
of thofie conceited creatures wlio, because tbey wore 
mou!»taclte^ and long bair, and uttiivtl thcini^elves in 
ttbavrl pattern <1re4^iug-f^own^ and velvet rimokuig-tiiips, 
didudc-d tb^^uiHflvoH intu tlie belief that they could 
paint The urticl** in the Potst threw me for a time 
into a very great raue, uut like Mr*. JJond in tin- 
ballad, " with plenty wf onions and plenty of >age *'■ — for 
at the tiiur in qucHtion 1 was Mborb, not only o[ »age 
and online, but uf ducks into the bargain— but witli 
the editor of the Morning i'ost^ anJ ospecially with 
my self. 

Why bad 1 been «o asinini? a^ to uall myeelf 
an artist, and why had 1 wiitten the wretched letter 
at all? UesliTeu art! I lia<l witrked at it miiicc I 
wa-* fourtet-n aiM \\ half, baiiier tbun ncgru slave ever 
vrorkcd in llie cant. It?^ practice had never brought 
mo anything better than broad-und-chtH-ric, and Kotne- 
timea eUeeoe failed to aceompuny the bread; and I 
bad to conf^'iiu, witli inward dospair, that 1 was not 
dc^tiiifd io eia/I either a» a painter jii ojlh or water- 
Ci^b.mnt. an eteher, a tithoLfrajiber, or a dranght>niari 
oa wood. Why couKI not I work i'or tlie newApapers? 
Why should 1 not emleavour by sedulous stiiay to 
qualify njy?*i>ir for tlio profession of a journalist? I 
managLHi to purolnLse at au '* Aunt Sally" whop near 
Chin; M«rketat least a hundred nuinberrioHlic Qitarl^rfjf 
lUview. Tliey weiv mil coiiHet^ntivi- ; tbey wen.' ragged 
and dog Waited ^ but I got ibeni at the rate o^ two- 
pence a copy, 'ilien, aliau^t for the price of wasLo 

jf, I boUi^ht a act of llnj tU:umtHi'f newstuL]ier 
its conimencement in l^jUb tv IMl; and tlicti I 


shut myself up, devoting myself four hours a day t<) 
bread- w inn iDg, graphic work for Ackermaan ; and 
giving up at least six hours more to hard and fa^ 
study of essays in the Quarterly and the Examiner, 
which I knew to have been written by such masters 
of English style as Walter Scott and Charles Lamb; 
as Leigh Hunt, Hazlitt, Southey, Croker, and liock- 
hart. I was determined, in my own mind, to throw 
art to the dogs so soon as ever I could, and be a 
working joumahst. That I did eventually become; 
but through a portal then wholly ignored and unsus- 
pected by me. Indirectly, nevertheless, I have always 
attributed my entrance into journalism to the slashing 
leader in the Morning Post; and so long years afterwards 
I laughingly told the late Sir William Hardman, 
who for a long period was editor of the Post, and the 
chairman of the >Surrey Sessions. A just^ sagacious, 
clever man. 

Another ally whom I was ft>rtuiiate enough to 
make in the year 1S51 was Mr. Benjamin Lumley, 
tilt' lessee of Her Majesty's Theatre. He came one 
day to ijorc House, while I wa« working at my 
panorama uii the walls of the tftaircase; we had some 
pleajijant conversation, since, young as I was, I was 
already an old operatic hand, sy far as familiarity with 
u[>eras and remembrance of famous musical artifffea were 
concerned The tjest day Mr. Luraley wrote to Soyer, 
saying that he had missed the name of the young 
gentleman who was painting the staircase; but he 
wished to be reminded of it, as he should be glad to 
place his name on the free list of Her Majesty's 
Theatre for the ensuing season. 

1 could not have received a more welcome boon ; 
and many happy evenings the liberality of Mr Lumley 
enabled me to spend in 1»51 and 1852. Lumley was a 
type of character well worth studying. He was dark, and 
e^ood -looking, and with a not \^ry protwnci Jewish cast 



ol <»uiiU>niiD^!t.\ His inuiiiior'f wt-n? tln>ho of a i-elined 
an<l |>olihlied j^ertleuian. He liad Lt^^un life hm u 
sitlicitor ; auil in tlisit nijiiu'U.j hw\ bnMi cuii?inltt»d by 
II. LniHuU', :i Frt'iu'liiiiJin. ;ni<I mw ut the niatiy 
stmj^luig leaset'Ji of the Haymaikid 0|mrri UiKise. 
'J1ie <*tnbarnis.4nient5 ot Ija{K>rt4^, iu lint*. U^ tu lii^ iLnvnt 
Qiiil iiicaiTL-nitum lit iW Fkrt I'rir^uMn wIrto In- foumi a 
(cllow-cuplivi- ill Mr. i'lKULiWrs, tlio Ijankcr. who had 
also been di^a^-Lrout^Iv u8»ociated with I!t-r Majenty'ti. 
As for Mana^tT Lapurte, lie ^ot tviiif<>rt;ihly whit^ 
wik^hi.'ilt Eiiiil n'>nTiK'il hi^ IrwH^yshiji iA Ihi' White 
K)e{>hautin<* li<»tiM.' : but ht- wnt^ so Hirucli hy the Hciiineii 
iuid comtiitnj f*4^iifie which hi.- h^id imfic^d in Mr, Ijiiinlfy 
that hv' uiiiuixd liiiii to aUindun hir« inteiitiuii of g^ing 
tv tht* B«r, for whidi he Wflu studying iiadcr the 
^uiduucc of Mr, liiip^i) Montu^ruo. atid uiidcrtiikc thr 
fiiiperinteiideiice of the financial dopartnu-nt uE thv 
lh<*ntn'. hai3oHi- dii-d !<tidd<<ii1y. Mr. Lunih-y was une 
ik( hiiii 4*vt'i'ijti>r'H . jiiid in 1S4^ hr Ih'immh- siilr lL'>i>^i'i> af 
lU-r Miy<"Sty"s Thi-atir. Ilin lung ni^ni (-udi^iK thiou^li 
no fault of liifl, ill di8tuitt'r, hut tiot in insulveni^y. tor 
a ro|]^i<l>■rahlt' jxHod af^L-i hi^ iihdu'atiiHt iff i\w Huy- 
iikurka I throiif he lived in rari^^i and IroJii time to tini^- 
wi» i'orri'^|x>ri<le(I, 


oiLurrKii XXV. 


Articlul 10 4h £airi«wiT"J74i>^ii« ^t^ Ttyhr-^l^ Puns: Ibc &>/ ^CBiM- 
A V'iMt Id tliD I^i-ln BUel in llitiniiao— l>jwi KouginiDltHvi Ux CVHiffi 
^rvfAfjv^A HinI \~cinb)Q— Cluu'ltrt 0uLi^ K«lii«auiDt EfOfQ Ul*8Uff«. 

It iii time that I diouM tell my ri^adera that late in 
ISM T wi"oto Kiy lirst artiolt*. called "Th** Koy of tho 
8tre«t/' ill HiitLM-hokl Wi't^ts^A wt'ti'kly j(>un*-il L;uui]uctvd 
by Cliark's IMcW'nK; mid fur thi.* next mx yeiii> Bcanwly 
a weftk pa^^fl(*d withuiit my (.-outiihuting w pa]»i^r» long or 
Hhort, ndiiietiniert a rttory, Auiiit-tiuu^H u Aocial «ft»ay, 
and Hcrmctiint'S u notice of a l>ook, to the coluruu« of 
the peri{Kli<^u1 in <|iiOfitioii. Xot uurruquciitly the 
woekly iasue would uuntaia two articles fi\jm my iwo. 
The estimation ia which the conductor of the ioumal 
»-a» guod L'miu^li tn hohl iiiv ?irrviL'rf> Ii;lv Ir^imi mofv 
t)iaii onciv iiiid moat gciHTou^ly, alladi.-d bo hy the late 
Mr. Joliu Kcifiter, in his " Life of Cliarlea Uickeas/' 
I rthall have to tell you, later un. that thih connection 
with lIomt?fivbf Worthy which hmuglit me aa average 
vfwkly incoiiK' of (Ivo |joiind»j, was ri'iuotcly th« meau« 
of convertiojj me into one uf the idlest younj^ dotfs that 
ever ranihlKl ahuiii hetwt^i'ti IjoiuIuii and Paris, Ij^nuWn 
and ljunciiMliirtT, and lianra,<hin* aud Iivhiml, ami tlivt 
ever— to all iippcurauci^ at Icaat — Wii*ted his prfTtoua 
time iu a uti-niinyly rucklcas and wholly indefensible 
maimer. On thi^i head, however, ] must not ft>re.staU 
thin^; the ample coDfesteioti of my indolence will be 
made in due time. 1 was to go thron^'h a lengthened 
oonme of dugm-d hnnl hiljour befure I juined the worth* 
lebH hrutherhoud L*f lutii?feateni. 

As I have ali-eady naid, »u early iUf thi; twginuing af 


Ibbi) I U-mI, by tlie advice of Mr. Adalpbus Ackcriuami, 
Qn« of ihi* partnoi'w of the firm whose wurehouwc or 
" Hopository of ArU " wan No. S)fi> Str;iiid — whor« now 
is the perfumery ?>hui» of Mr. Eugene UiDimel — appren- 
ticed, or rathtf-r articled mjieli", to a practical eugrnvCT 
on steel ;iti(i copper. The ftnii lent me the moucy to 
bay my urtick-a; and ) repaid them by itutiUmcntfl. I 
lc«mt and bccumo tolenibly prolicieut in every proooBS 
of the engraver's art, not only in an artistic, bat in a 
conimerci&l lieniie ; and but for the circumstance that my 
vi?&ioii hiis Ix'conii; Hli|^hl.|y iin]j»ir</il, nm\ that' ngG 
and too tnnch lohai-co havr miuic my hand nhake, 
i have little doubt that 1 could eugnLVf^ a tradeMman^ei 
bill-head, or the I'omi of a cheque, or a bill of eacchange, 
now. Tht" enj^mvir';* workshop was in Beatifort Build- 
iDgri, Strand ; ami thcru I t<.>Tlcd and toLk^ during the 
day< At ni^ht I worked at artiHic commi«»ioiii> in 
a studio on tlie groumi lloor of a huuse i*f which I 
vKi* tenant, in Wc^ltn^Uni Stret^t Nortli, Strand. The 
rt-ally induatnou« alwuys have Icbiun- ; it is only the 
idle who arc unable lo find time, even for slight and 
coflual t^mployment. Diligently ha I had slaved over 
niypUtos and litho^r-iphic «tones I had found the time, 
during at leu«t four m<;nth9s in 1^51, tu helpKoyerat 
Gore Kuuse;an(I leitt^riti theyearl haJ k-isun* io write, 
in conjunction with mv brother (.'harleH ojid Mr. (Jcorge 
Ellisi. ii pantomime tor the Princes^'n Theatre, then 
under the management of Mr. Charles Kean. 1 UnA, in 
Mr. John Willittm Cole"» "Life and Thoatrieul Times 
of Charles Kean," Vol, IT, pA^e 3!>, that the different 
pieces a<;ted (lB51-j^) amounted to t>xactly the same 
inimWr ;u in the year preceding, namely, twenty-Kt*ven, 
of which ni[H' wr-n.* new. " Amongst thi' hitter th» 
pantomime of J^ili^ Taffior must nut be forgottin. which 
coniplcti^ its full attraction of nine consecutive wceka, 
and fully uphelt) tlic reputation which the honsp had 
»ng enjoy^nl in that motst importiint branch of the art 

lA^s LfFB Aya Ain'sivrrRKs. 

dramatic/' Mr J. W- Cole lind beeu, I believe, 
orifjiniilly un offit:i?r in thv aniiy. Suhwfjimntly, and 
for >ij<>veLiLl y«ar*, lie wa», uiidi:ir tlie uotn cA- ^tu^rt vi 
Cdlt^mft., Icswcp ;iik1 imxmi^i^T of Hi<r Tht^atn" Koyiil. 
Dublin: aiul when Ch;irle3i Kean becam** solr- lesM>o of 
tlie l*nnc<s>'f^, Mr, (Ajli^-Ciilcmft, whu hrtd n-tired frcmi 
Ihiblin iimDagitiictit. 1x<caiii4; liis nccrctary riiiil Ci>i\1i* 
(leiitial Li^cnt — his Urst I i cute nun t, in fact- He dul not 
like ni*?» iind I did not Hkt- him ; aod to that mutual 
av«r»ion, poTha(H, i« due tht^ oiniftMioti in hiii biography of 
thp niiinea of thv iinthon^ of tb«* piintoniimij o( Hurltt/itm 

AVho suggested the subject for the extravngan%a 1 
forget; hut i know that I wrot«alI thcrhyuj(rddiah»^iiL'. 
that my bmther wroto tho words of the &onf;s» und tlint 
Mr- 0«oi^e EUit^, who \n^ the ataye managc^r of tliv 
Princess's, rendered ns valuable iiractical at&istaoct* in 
arranging the scenario and g;ein»ral business of the 

SicTi'. nicki'Ti* ti.Mjk a lively iTiU're>;l in this Ii(4lt* 
ramatit^ essay on Ih** part of one of tlir member* of hi* 
etdff; and while the pantomiunf wa.i ill course of 
Teheon*!*! I rarely went to the ofiice of IhusthoUf Wctrds 
on babiiie-spi, nr sat at Diekcna'?^ own hospitiihh^ board, 
without hiti (] Lie^^lionin^' und eror^»-qu<?htionin^ m^; vl'A 
to "how the thing was ^ettiDg odV" We be<;an to 
nehearwe it in the sec^imd wi^t'k in November, and on the 
Snii of I leceniWr. 1851, Loui* NiiimliMm'-i rxiup it^fai 
took place ill Paim That night 1 left Charing Cross 
for the Fi'cnch capital. 1 hiw no jouniolif^tic mii^HtOD; 
there was no vahcl ^ea^on wliy I should leave my work 
at all: but thiitre wa:c within nieuii irret^i^^tihle tm|HiUe to 
h^imteiij u» fiut iifi ev<;v tlu* rail and the i^eaioer would 
tttke me, Ll> the scene of action. \ was ii pcuniarj 
loser by the week h trip, wbicli roj^t nn- twenty jfovindK, 
since ull I made by my jouniry Wit** five poimd^ the 
ordinary price for un article in JImscftoiU \Vortis^ 
which aiticlo, in this tnetunoe, bore the name of 


ox ruK STAFF OF ' uumnuoLh woHiisr aai 

'■ IJlierty, ^^^nality, Fnitt-riiity, ;iinl Muskttry." TIk- 
jHipvir i)^ 45XtJint iu *»n** wl' ir»y b(x»ks, J nm ^m\ I foi^t 
which; hui i»ijld I leiuemiier JU \vh>^reHlioiit« I Nhuuli] 
not b«> HO dixhciiiest as it) gire a rpc/uiuj^r of it in IheHt- 

Thus much, however, 1 may justitinhiy siiy aWut 
it : — Tht' concludiiJt: wor<lh of tlit* title, " and 
Mui^k<'tn'/* wor<* added hv Itiek^-ns, wlio cyrdbtlly 
deti9»t«d the Fitnoh l*i't>icVoit, ami 1k'1iI> iis Victor 
Hu^ did, tlmt Luui> NiiiK>h*<ai, tii l)LVi.iiiht'r, lS5i, 
pri>vt-tl )iiiii?«f*]f n |ii-ijuivr uud an ai^^aHF^in, nml had all 
Um' inakiii}^ ill him nta de^{Xlt a^ nnncrtipuhjus and act 
int-rcik'-s?^ m his notlt Niijjok-tiT* the Ur-iU waf*> Acting 
u]>on those convictions, cither lie. or Mr. W, J I. Wills, 
Ills Riauafpii^ editor, interpolated in my tesct some 
•nc^thj' (*xtrjets fix^ni ovideucf* s\^i*u hy the ^v^i 
>iiko (►f WVIliu^titn hrfoiY" ?*i>nu' Kityul *'r l^tttijiirunlary 
Commission, in which fvidwice thi* hero L>f Watf^rlmj 
)i:id ni:ide hojiic Very tri^nohaDt f^laiemtMith mb to the 
chnract eristic brutAUby, and ruthh'^ene^.s of the tVeach 
soldierv. I muy t^lso record that the ci^^Ilar in which 
som€ En;;;li^h f(^llow< travellers and [ ^pont the liftor- 
noon durinjr xvhich the Itne St, HonorO wns bein^ 
tfvrept with tihotH and shtll* hy the Uavernment troopw, 
WHM in thr IIAWl d«* Lillt- t-t irAlliiiin. 

Ont nL'ticcaWe circuiir?*tan<p whith I hsivc nevtr 
rotten in connection with the ctj/^^t ifdnt was that 
wlieii the two days* nlaug:htor were over. Parifl nctt 
only r**Minied its aceti^ti^nnd aspect "f gaiety wud 
frivolity, but umon^ l\v^ tnnjority of th« population 
tliero Heeiii4^^d to eii^^t » feeling of sati-ffied relief th»t 
thf- National A^serihly had Iwen gwi rid of and that 
Luui^ NiiiHdi'on hiid ht-come Iht? duniiiiant power in 
France. There had been some terrible :*liooting!* down 
in diflcrcnt part> of tlte capita), and hundreds ol arrosta 
bwl bctn mad«; but the tbeatrer^ were open, the <&/€s and 
/wffljvrtfffif weiv crowds i and so tranquil were things 


9Atgn LIFM A7W IV 

in geocml iljat the courtoout^ landlord oE the bot^l 
did not dis«iJjide a daAliiui^ young Kii^UhIi hto«kbrok*fr 
ttud raji^elf frotu innkin^ n nw^luruiLl ex[HHlitioii to 
the notorious Hue aux t^yipf*, in th? IIv do la Cit^S^ 
between Notrv hj^m^ and the PaUiR de Justice. We 
wanted to ^m* thi- ca&tirfl of the " Lapin B!anc»" 
immoi-tjkttficd in £u^nc Stw'^ '* Mystires dc LWi« : " 
and im^L^inint; thj^it wc should find oursolvcs in & place 
infested by brigandp^, pickpockets, and bad characters 
of both «exe:s, we cairafiilly disguised ourselvie« in 
Tthubiij' IdoilMiis aiul ^rhiieti our IiandK and f»c«». 
Th<? visit to the " Ijiipin Blanc" waj* a dif^iippt tint* 
ment. There wne, the cahar^i sure enough ; but there 
wa» no "OgreHjH*' behind the counter: a stout land* 
loid occupying l\\i} ftout ot" authority. Wo wore quite 
iM unsuceowKfui in rniuiiiir aoroKs any villatnoUft gU4>&tt 
of thu "Chourineur,'" th*? '' Chou*?tto," or the " Maitre 
d*&ole" type; in abort the ix>mauce of felony raemed 
to have ullo^F-ihrr iliMitpitf^iret) fnifu the Itue anx Ffeves 
and itft ttumjundingj^. Tho tap-rx)oni of the '' lApin 
BUnc ' was in truth very filthy- the odour of bod 
tobau?o smoke wna sickeuiug, and the wjno was atro- 
ciously bad—that was alL The ati-eet itself liugerLxl 
until 1$G2, when it wiu improved otT the face of Pam; 
but not Wfort* Oustavi.' Duri^ hiul tii^tth- a vivid Kkficii 
of the rotten, tnnible-dowii old ptaci*. 

Home time iu H52 Charles Kean pi'oduced iit 
the Pnt)cew»s an adaptation to the English stage o( 
tile drama of the Coracau Brothtr^, founded on the 
Ffircn Corses of Alexandre DuToas the Kidor. The 
ada[)t^r was Mr- Dion Boucicault, who, a* u very young 
man. had tukciL the town by htorjii uitli a spnrkling 
although Hoint-what inuonge(|Uirntiail ctjnii-dy (^allnl 
Loudon Atsffitrana:'. 1 cannot nrmcmlK-r a piTiod when 
I did not know Dion Uoucicault. He had bc^n, when 
I wa5 quite a lad, a friend of my mothers; ho was 
one of the rca<Uest, brightest, moi^t versatile men I ever 

ox TIIK STAFF OF '^HOrSKIfOU) WOHth^.^ 253 

met ; a good »clioLiLr« ttad rc-plctc with an ainuKing 
Htore of misocUaneoas knowledge. He could repeat 
you, at eall, all the invt^ntion^ of Count iiumfoixl, and 
1^11 yotx i\\e i'iiviiiiii^t^iMces iiuJer which stoiu- will iIIk* 
iiit4»gTBt«. If yon would wish to know what Diou 
noucicanlt was phynically like, you should consult 
a little old b^x^t. "The Choice and Kxperimenteil 
li4;c«]pt» ill I'hyiiioh imd Chirur^ery. collected by the 
honourable and truly hanied Sir Kcudm Digby, 
Kniffbt, Chancellor t^) Hi*r M:vjk»Kty tli*> (Ju<»^n- 
MotlkPT." The frvntiflpii^w is « portniit of^iir Konelin 
liiirtsplf; and it is the very " fetr-b " or image of 
th*' pn)Iiilc ilnuii4ti:(b of 1^+* Vichirijin eni- I Luve 
often noticed thrsc curious coincidences of fticial ex-* 
prcs^-^ioti in pei^sons Ijorn in different I^:cs. Dongla^q 
Jerfy>idt for example, was the i^o/f of MontgolSer, 
the discoverer of the tire-balloon ; and the late Mon* 
tatjiio \Villinni!&, ^^^' > il^ ht* h:td tlouTK-cl n flowin^ir 
blvek pp'riwig, rnif^ht well Inive «Lt to a Sir lVU*r Lely 
of our times for a portrait of Cbarlej^ 11 

In 1H->1 and for >tome time aftervraixls Uion Kouci* 
ouilt was ''ritock-author" at the Princess's; bia salary 
iu that eapaoity did uot> I f;hould «ay, exco^d fifteen 
pounds* a week, even if it reached that modest maximum. 
Arnon^ the pieees which he wrote for the Charles Kean 
Ni;iiia^meiit wt-n? an ad;iptatioii to the English Mtaj^' 
tti (JaAimir IMuvigne's Louih XI.; a tran.-thitiim of 
that very gloomy iVencIi phiy La Dftmc th i?, Tropesf, 
and an even more Ui^ubnoitN niclodraina cjilled T&f 
VtMffir^. The play with which, howet-er, I am at 
|*resent mo*t partieidarly ooncenied wa« Thf^ Conaf^ftn 
IL-ftifter*. it- r;um' iiH ii new dnunaiie n^velation 
on the public. anJ was received with niptumnj« en- 
thufliaAin. Charhr** Kean doubled, of course, the partu 
of Fabien and hontH do'Franchi. The Cbflteau-Uenaud 
HUH Alfn-^l Wij^n : while to my brother Charles wnt^ 
HMi^ie^l the very Kinall jmrt of the Woodcuttj^r, who 


^ aA/,A3 UFH ASh Ahl'KXrrpKS. 

ontv mAkt.>A Ills Akpi^^unmci? in the fifth itct, jid<I dianfit 
a \iiud o( ciMJtj^fat'tif l>rgiiiniiig — ■ 

"Oh ! Oh I Oh ! Oh ! my howt w low. 
IVn ftjik^ jAftnnnttc and »ho hiu wil mt) So." 

There waa eome roasoa wliy iny poor brother should 
fe^l itomcwhat " toiv ■* in tht' n^'jfion oE lh« hoart, both 
on itiid iiiT tlii< Kti^tv ]]is n^lali^uiK with Mlv 0«o^^ 
Ellis. tUu tiiUig^'^ iriiLi]fi)r<M', liiul Iji'L'ii for some iAx>ekH after 
the jiro{luction of our joint pantoinimo in u vprv Htr:«>iLi>iI 
<:otidition ; ami at lant 8mouIdrnikg iJUwill on liuth miIcs 
hrokc into open ho!4tilitie». Charlcrf Keun, lu in duty 
hounil, supported hi» ^taf;^ m^ino^T! and, althougn 
khid'hpnrted Ik>nciuault did liis Wst to effect a rec^ni- 
ciliation, my hrother mlinqni^hed hia pontion at iho 
f'rinci'>^f(V. Ht' wa*i a univi^iNal ravfiunU' in ttio th^jtre, 
and luK s(rj*jwt(in was ilocftly iv<^n'llcil. Natnrallv, I 
took liis part ; and, hh tiatimilly, remembering iliat I 
had suine U^w ^ri<*vanc(*w of my own ta resent. 1 ti.»ok 
wliftt I t]iou;;ht to ho u wvy Ic^itinniU.' iwen^c by 
writing: on my own account another vttrsion of /.?« 

Tiu'i^ W!i>i lit thi* |>erind no kind of tre;ity with 
Franpj* tniK-hiiii; ilri^ ei^p^riijlit l ami Kn^i«h 
playwi'ifjht^ coiihl ph)nd<.r tht ir i'n.'noli bivtliivn witli 
nnpunityp Th<* Fivnch dvamutist^^ winv qiiit^ at hlifrrtiy 
to return thi* t^onipliiuent ; only, unhickily tor tUeni we 
then vnry mrtly wrote plays that w*mv wurlh Ktc'aling 
by th<* inti'lligent lorei^nor, T]m»i, without compunction 
— '>o roTnii'jilly an' \.\\u'\ nniinn^ of i-thitN inl1uene«'d 
by cirminstiinW'** — I imH"e**ilt'd t*k pnnduuie h <"opy o( 
iiifi French drama .-ind tnin it into Kn^lish. I a^ 
to work at \'\^\\\ o'clock on a iiumnuT** nigbt; anil 
tlic itilnptatioti was linijihed by ttn tbo next luoming. 
Then I wont to bed, to sleej) the sleep of the ja'st^ 
well, the queiitioniibly just — -but the gr:iss was not 
:dlowt'd to ijniw niitW our fftet. My hi"otbOT took 

aV rUK STAFF OP '^UOr^KUOLli WiUUiK" is:. 

i\xe (ImtuA, to wliidi wc; bad given tht- title of Thr 
Cor^U'afifi, over to the old Sun"ey Tlieativ, wliii'fi wiw 
tlien under tlie luanikgeinent of ray ol<l friend Mr 
Cnsmck. tho lri<;cdb!K ftiul Mn liichard Shepherd. 
a trauprpuntini* actor of coFifiuIuraMG ability. My 
brother returried at three in the afternoon; he had 
Iiiitclu^d with Cniswick itiid Slie|ihej'il ; Lhuitti wurlhy 
maiia^rrs ab onc« iw:o<'|it,iMl /V/^ rVv/A/Vy/ff* ; jind, niorf»- 
ovcr» tUey had offered my brother a tivel ve mouth » 
enp4genient at a hatidi^onie salary. 'JTitr CorxU-anH wm 
within sev<ia days prodtiood at tho Surrey, and ran 
for mpn* thnn a hundreil iii^ht^, 

I had as^^oolated my brothers nami? with my own 
an joint-nuthor ; hut he hiii! luiUuii^ to (h> with liirninL; 
tin,- KiM'iit'h diMiiKifiHt^K [rnise inlii hjii^li-sh. Our reinu- 
iMimtion wu« not splendid ; but it wjls sufficient. Wc 
rw^nvrd tvidity-live ^lullingfl x\ nijifht; a wum con^idereti 
in tliotfc day.s to ije prodi^toun for authors' rights 
At a minor thoatri*; and the more munilicetit wjij< the 
Surrey nisUKtjjenieiit eonsid^^^riHl to be. iuit^mucli as Mn 
" Dick" Shepherd was said to have been the manager 
yt\u\, about that time, havinu ^> diHCiuHu the tentiK 
f'jr a ni"iv pirci- wiHteu hy Willi;iTij Hnnifjh, he;ipm tlie 
iirgut)4titni?i with thu* not vny emoiira^iTi;; rsoixlmm ; 
" Wrii, air; we havr given aji nnich as live jmnnds for a 
faroe/' At thr Tonninalion of the run of /"//'' fomra^/ji my 
brother left th*t sla^'e i'vr i^vrr. He oc-frupii^l hitiiM.*tf 
a little it'tth dnuik3itic4^rittci$in; imt^rudusiUy he ^uhsidvd 
fltitirelv infji piiv;ttf life ti> hecome thi* ^tay and holace 
of my deiir noilhiT, who wiis gn:rwing veiy old and 
ionrm, llejoiiietl hrr at Brighton and died there lat« 
in |]i^ 'tifti4>n. 




KLiltinjf H r«Tianniir VIpw at the Oiml Dnk«'« Ftinonl— I>itfii Hl]m*&— 
UafluG-Tti« BouDkm and Slnnfft Club»-iWwA£HAo— A Bed of *' Ott^k- 
■twk "--DrirtiiH Uirt Qiuliw cut **( Uytlo Vnxk—Thts '^Lorro Ti JUonc 
rlub"— A 11i«riT«*Jnn^\ VuitE t>i Prtticntt LAim vith Kali^' Hd*wBll»-* 
>lii Alcthrhl 4>f DnkU;;1it>ni»niAip lltnr^ Vivfnll)- fend tlw JUnrtnttd 
r*t*rM—KtiiHnn'l Vnla«^Auird>1UB Mitjhuw and CtuiTi-* l^tim<ti -Jcmn 
Thfinty— A DimniUcl SiAff— My TWf' n«t Wholly Waii^t — Thi- i:roiipi>Uf 
llani Wfitk— Thp Cpm.c r^nuaind the !>«■ — itftcfon ^Kiiflinh IIoIpIii. 

I kavf iiovr to (iii-^s over ns hmlly a^ 1 may, nc 
les* thun fivr years of wh^t »<^«m» to nit' Hornething 
very muuh of the nature of a Biid I>roam, 1 hurc 
jilrpHtly vvarncd my readers that sooner or Inter I sboul3 
have to writo a. chronicle of idlenesR ; and I now nnre- 
«t*rv«*dly, yi*t with m> vt:v\ i(ri*at slianie i>r r[*im>rse, 
avow tliftt bL'twLvn tlif end of ISfiJ unil thi- Itr^i'iiriiig 
ofthe»pringoriS5fl,tIifrro did notexUt iii London town, 
OP out of it, a laaier and more dissolute young loafer than 
your humble servant. IS5:J> like the year preceding, 
had l>een a T^ternly industrious on^ Tht* Ejreat Duko of 
Wellinfiiton dit^d on S»»ptemlH?r the l+th, in that y^ar: 
and immediately after his deceaiie. Me?i*rs- Ackt^rmana 
gave me a comintHsion to execute a work far more im- 
portant iiiiin rtny I had liithertu imxhit^Kl fnr them. It 
was to etch on a serie* of large stcrl pl(itt-i< u panoramic 
view of the funcraJ proce^ion of the great Duke, The 
many thousand** of tigores in the t^ortt^f were first 
etched on the plates and ituhttequently a^inatinted. The 
fi^jure* and ciirrinff^^s fell to lay f*liare; the honteA — of 
whidi thiTi.' wpr*? ninny linndmls — ivere rngravi*<l hy 
Ilonry Aiken, a Wfll*knc>wn animal paintf-r, and the 
»0Q oi an even better-known artist in the <iamc branch 
of nrt. ohl "Harry" Alkcn ; and at these plates we 
worked unremittingly for many week«. 



I*lt»ty of ii];>; hjid Wt'ii Miiiplktl to us by thf 
ai]tUoriti<?s uf tile Hurse (.rimrj« lor tlic unilbrms of the 
troops whicli were tc> lakt? part in tlie ceremony j aud 
<*([ti»l riiiiHreHy ilk tliiK n'H|ti-et nan sliowri Iti mk Iic^ili 
by tlic CoFporation uf tliu City of LoikIod and by the 
Dnn of St. Piw^ra. I suw the [fagcuut itacif, whicb 
took placo on tht^ l^tli Novcnibn-p. 1*^5*^, from t^^e(^ 
differvul points of view. Sir Ricliurd Mayii^j iha Chief 
CommiMioneT of Police, hud, in the fiM in»<'tanc&, 
gniiiled irK' 11 |MW>i 'Mnlwi^cn the liiir^,'* k*» Hint I wa>i 
euabted to walk inside th*- sprried rctnk* of militjiTv and 
{K^Iit-e, who wei-c keeping the grounds from Hyde Kirk 
Cumer to Fleet Street : there my pass emihlcd mo 
to slip through tho liin's ami r<jjicli ii certnin housi^ 
a stationer*!) shop on the sonth sidtf, oil tho Kn^t Hoor 
of wliifh soma friemls of tnitit* hud M^c!iii*ed seJib^. 
'Hie [irocessioii, I may say, oecnpii-d iiiany lumrs in 
positing; and wlirn the militat-y putt of the pagf-wnt had 
come to iin end, I made luy way ont of the houac in 
Kh>ct Street, ptiswcd Wtwcon the liiie^ Ei^iin. imd 
tradyed up Ludgate llill into St. l^ml'K, uiid into 
the metropolitan Ika^ilicn itself. The luiieral service 
wiiH ei>ndiiE*k'if by ttu< Oi^iin, Henry Hart M iliiiun. 
Of that cireuiiifctuiiw I have ample w;irr:inty, wiiict- 
I find a note of loy own on the titlc-pugc of Dr. 
Milman's *'AniiaU of St. I'auIV Cathedral/ which I 
butight in IStiO, as follows: "I remember tti have i*oen 
him at the fmiemi of the ;;reat Duke of Welliiij^on 
at St. I*aurs in 1852 — a wonderfully ancionl-lookiuK, 
l>ow«d-ilown man. creeping up thu nave at the head 
i»f thtJ prooewion." 

We hofl liui«hrd ^itjiiatintini^ the platew about 
ChrjhtmaA : when, utterly worn ^ut with hard work, i 
took a tnp to Pari-^. I was tuficrmi' fryni fiOEDCttling 
else, more wriou-'^ than fati^'ne. The fumeb of the acids 
m^l in biltn^'in tb>/ plut^-^, and the ^lare of the bright 
metal it»wlF, whi^n the varnish wii^t n-niovi^d, h[id played, 


25S ffAlA'S UFK -^W WVES7Uitli.s. 

US I JWiL'il. ;i1iiioNt irri'|iantl>lr liiivoc ivitlj my only 
ruiitl optic ; ;iii(l, ^ot tlie second timi' m my lifir. I Vfus 
wiUnii iih'jL*(iint1ilti tflinUnco of htjiKine^^, Hu])[iily. tliU 
jifHiction wiis ;^|mro<l xx\x\ wild luy s-iplit grew :*lnjng 
t'll^lU^'U t<» cover, dnriii^ tin.' m*xt thirty yoaiv or ^o, 
V4Ty nuujy thousunt]^ ot piiKcs witli n Kinall nntj more 
or ft'sH l^^^iih' h^niUvritiDg. I never- howeve]-. touched 
ail etching eucIU' 'ir ;i ^ntver ;i^uiii : ;ilthou^h, I bvlii^vt 

thuf my kimi jicojiU' ^it htt kUII Iclv']!, tti u caw.* 

^[llH:ialIy niiidtr fi>r the putpcM?. ult the engraver « tooK 
nnil rliittti^l^ which 1 iiM^d, 

And nyw *or tln' chnnWuIw of lAiAy-Iiuid. 1 hiul 
iihvays fhtntt^huld 9f'oftf\- iis u sttiiulby. Thtri' Wii« th« 
live-i^LiiueH fee fi»r every urticlo I wixile; I oftou gul 
through two ill thy oourtw nf one w*»ek, and if, as 
it mure Uiaii miee hapju'iied, I uvenlnw iny awTOoniit — 
I did ^} on om? mcasioii to t)ir eKU-nt t>f twwity pounds, 
and* on another of seventy pounds — IHckeus would, 
aft^rr a while, Iftoffhingly suggest the epoo^e Hhould 
ho pnti^ed over the shite, and we should hogin 
Rffain. Wa# thiij' tolerably cortuin income of between 
three und fonr hundred ii yewr :i hle^Kiiii» or u 
liHne to me ? I )iave not quite miule <]p my mind 
on the subject; but of tliU I rttn altogether r^ti^tied, 
thfit the Kiiowleduie that I had only to ^voi-k four 
lio«rs to earn iiw i^uineiw, miidc mc a thoroughly 
idle do^. My Fjji^y^land was not altoj^cther r^ttiuLted in 
Lijudon; I wa* a loafer»;ind, appiireiitfy, an iucorri^blo 
oni' — in Pari^, in the north of Kii^hmd, ;iTid in Irefiiiid. 
Hut n hei'i'Mievi*!' I iveiit 1 rouM liirl food l\>r my pen, 
ni\A Diekens never refiiM-d h[i iirtich' of iiiy writing. 
Utiierwise, I WttA a slovenly, eai'eless youojy: neVr- 
do-weel. I had aTtainly .-^onie meiin?i of itubvi^tence, bul 
Ti*i eerljiinly 1 hiid no fixed phi^'e t\i rc.4idi*ii*re I x\\M'' 
and n.'tiri'd to ix'st irlien i liked ; and 1 worked milieu 1 
«Iio*e— which was rarely. I was very much like tlie 
luilier who lived on the Ijiink* of the riwr Dee. A|urt 

MT'^S tiATL\ir\ 


from mr rcry few a■latIVi^. '• 1 cured for nubiKiy " in 
{Mi'ticiiIuT, *'aud nobody caved f»>r me." 

Iti till* Bad Dn^nm tbere wi-re a ft^w iiitorrals u£ 
brilliancy, ^onu'tiruos I wuuld ^o Jowii to Bnt;litoti, 
wliere my mother ami my bixither Cliiirles wen* now 
|ierinjiueiiilj M'tUe<r aiuX lend for a w^fk or iwti » 
IntiicitiiK chrrrl'iil, luppy lillv i believi- r\rii lluit on 
one o<x^aaioii 1 di-Hveivda It^otuiv, illit»tnLU'd by ma^ic 
lanUm slides, spc^^ally iJiiintcd for tl;c occiuion* on tliP 
^ottp d'Hai in December. 1^51 ; my auJitoi'n b^^irtg the 
pu|>iU of % yom^p ladies' school at Kem|> Town. Tlieu 
I wai» fix'(|uvntly iti IjivenxHil ^.tul Maiif;lK>Ktvr, imd 
tliroUKlmut ilie ('(jmiiy I'Jiitine geiR^ntlly ; \mi if it 
could tke said that I had uny head-qiuirterii at ;i[l, thfy 
imist have Kvn iti Ijoiulor* *viid in Hiriw — ii«irin^, reat- 
Ic^, {^ood-fur-uDthitig hi'atl<qiiartei>, productive of JittJe 
bat wittte of tim<j. di«si|>»tian, and coufioqiicnt doadeii- 
in^ of tli€ moral sentimente. tf I kid any ambition tv 
bwume anythinjf, that ambition jiteined wholly xuborili- 
iMli-d tf> tilt itiriv wants of iJie day, i\m\ U> a liking for 
TagftboDdi^iiig. r(;LuntL<riii^, and trt;iding ohviotixly ;i[iil 
diflgracefuUy iiuprolitabK' paths. SaU-o/t rm Vtrn va f 
tbc old saw Iiaa it : Did I know whither I wiu going P 
The qtK'Mlion wa* asked me one Sauduy nEu^rnoon as I 
wiu lofttini^ n1>oot tln> Kiutoa Koad, my ijueriet biding- a 
man with a tinI heiul, mid elai:l in rii^^ty blnclc, who 
LiiHlly presented nie with ai trai^t. "Do yon Ifiiow 
whrre yon ftrc j^oing ? ' h** aakin), not by any tiionnit 
uDkindly. "No." I uiadc ^inawer ; " do yuu?" 

Other cpitiodi-s of bn;;btiiess there wrre to relieve 
the incirky liaze of thea^ many nightmares of sbiftlean 
"truaDditm," I wati \\ member of n pleuaunt clnb, 
called the " Keunion," in Maiden lAne, Covml 'tarden, 
of the m«mlier>^ of which ^utheiing, I am afraid, thero 
ore very few aorvivors lelt; bub a^ regardsi another 
rlub, desUui^l in after yeant to makr u conHderable 
tigurc iu the ^vrJd, 1 aui ubttulntely und ho^eksaly id 

2*» ^.l/.JS Lltt: AM* AI'VKSTIHE.^. 

M-a in my clirvm<.»loi:_v— 1 mean the "tiivage CluK" 
Mr, Lion<^l Brv>ugli, the comedian, is, I am told, uid 
]vrh;ips with justkv. rv^rded as the highest living 
authority on the irenesis of the Savage Club; but he 
must have Ihvii a mere lx'*y when the Sar^es first 
Ivi^an their meeting — I faacv. but I am not quite suie, 
in the jiarloiir of a tavern in Catherine Street, Strand. 
I know- that 1 wu:: one of the half-dozen founders of the 
olub : but why we ^'alltn] ourselves The Savages I cannot 
>ay. The first ;uinaal banquet of the societj' was at 
the l.V*wn Taveni, Vinegar Yard — a hostem' which 
bus a history : sin^v aivordini: to tradition, the room 
wbei>* we diiirtl had l*een used for harmonic meetingB, 
at whieh Kduiund Kean oft^n iix-k the chair ; and> 
in later veai>-. the earner members of the Pt«McA fitaff, 
to^t^ther ^*ith HeiHrtii:, jikI Hine the artist, and 
Klv^ie/er l.aiub^Hs the tnirravtr, o!ten met in social 
ivavers** at the i*tvnn Then thrre weiv festive even- 
ini> At the l^ile *le 1 KiiTv^iy\ in the Haymarket; and 
ivtt a:ui asr>i-» ' ^oiiM turn in* a: 'Paddy Green's," 
othi'r\M*e K\aiTi's, uwiirr the i>iams of Covent Garden. 
Uat theM\ 1 r\nvat. wert^ ouiy m'' many flasbe:^ of 
sjNarViii^jT aiiJ ohtvrv Iv^beir-ia:: *;:e ; and they noade 
tbe JarVness o!' iv.\ ::\e \ears" dream all the denser. 
Tlio iMmeau War br\*kf otit : and if I had had 
i\\< >\ii:\\X\^X ar.:ontiT of wrai i* oniinarily called 
"s-u^ri'ivM V-x',;: me, I >ho::\i ha*v rrn^ to obtain 
Av. **^;:aft;\v.u"--T as a xvm>:v^VAl::ir. e::her literary- or 
ar:->:;.\ x* >.ov,\ Ia".v,o:i ^r S.v:::*;; V**^"'- ^ t>iade no 
Nt*:^ wV.AU^xT" .:: :VaT vurt\'::,:\ 1 »;i> s'liy.e^i'y content 
»::^: :h^* t::, or a:; o:tair-': — ^::1: " -z-. de^oLatv fave- 
s:.::; .1 I'j.c ^*:\J av^- " I >d^\. l,.*:i\7 i^ entr** of 
N-i;\",^'v \\\ r,\z. \ •■ v.l, V .:,..: \ t*i^ \- Faris dnrins 
:"-. V\>.->:::, V -^"^ ^ ^ ---- "- ■-= ^"^ -^^^ ^-^ ^ Industrie, 
"- : \v V ha'"A^ V" *v.\>. Kc;::"'v^:: V-: -iT^-fciid. I was 
':- N.:v'. r:-\^ vri t:^ ,\>i.'\ jkss.v:ki:i;a.^ *:ifa ^ little 
.\^<\\:^ V%:7-^,\\\W- -.a'si y*i.-4 »" »r,:H^ v:as jMibli$bed 


in ft shadowy paA<iage, between W<?llington Street aiwl 
Catherint^ Slreot^ at iUe Mmtlierti f^xtreinifcy of the two 
tlionniyjhhiri'.^ niuiit-d, Tliiw [HtHt<u{^" wit?* nUli'il Kxetor 
Chung!.', and Uus hccn \otig sinco complirtuly ewuUowvd 
up by the building of the Gaiety Theatre, and the «■ 
Oonp>truct«d offices of the .\for/nn^ Pout. 

It U ex|)i'di(*iit, iK?Vi»rtln*irHx, tn rt-ctill Ihrt memory 
of itA «Ue; since I hiLvc tn4»i\> tlttin oiice rtriid iu recent 
puhlicjitions that tlk> MtPter Change which I knew was 
the sell-sdinc Changi^ where MrL CroKne hai! his mena- 
gene of wild hearts nnd where Chtinof^ tho E^lephaiit 
uvnt mftd t\\M\ hjwl to h^ shot to dciitU hy " |'-'<>'ty o[ 
thi- (liiftnl^, «tutioui?d <»itht.'r at SoTJU'rwet Hiui-ic, or in 
tlir tjnrmckK iit the Savoy^ The oM sunl ori^'iiial BxeUr 
CliAiige wa.4 iiii isiilatm [tile, Ktnnding itt the Strand 
iti^elf, just as Holy will 8ti"cel> to our repruacli a,f ii 
metropolis, still stands. PHHcfnutih never roMc beyond 
tho «tittus of n woiiklini:^. and had not a very prolonutni 
lii^iTiUtnce. The ottic^*, however, in Kseter Llian^^e, 
served my purpose well enough, since I could write 
there ill i>ea4ri* -.v\\A quirt thr iirlit'Ies whi^^li I d(^)&jm1c1ied 
|>ertodic74lly to the uflic^' of IlmvfrfttJii H'ord«, close by ; 
uitd, moreover, in a room above our own oflice, a gloomy 
chamber, black and not comely, I frequently slept, 
neatly conAtruetiug a cani^h and a pillow out of the 
back-stock of the publication. L <i\ivi a:<*iire you that 
wh*-n thiK sumo h:iok-s'tj)ck was not of t/jo rt'Of.'iit issuo, 
and conaeijuently iiimp, it formed a hy no means iiu- 
comfortable bed, and, with a f^rt^at t^at for a romit^^r- 
pajie, wiMt more cotild a youn^ mun of five or >sjx and 
twenty, and of simple tasted, desire? 

In tho summer of 1>?5'!>, I wa* a member, sihI. 
indeed, one of the founder?, of another little club, the 
ifjiistenci- of whioti did not oxb-nd boyitm) a very (ew 
wi^eks. III tin* iiiojith i^f April, nn rKtitnsiljIr ni>hlr* 
miUL l^>rd Itobert Wro*ivrnor. aftcnvnnis liord Ebur)\ 
bruught a Bill into l^uliainent to AUppre!<.<4 Bunchiy- 



trading: and the measurt* wan Hpecially dire<ct^ a^^nf^t 
)>ul>]ic-hr>iiM-s and Wirr-Klioiw. Th*j Hitl met nitJi t!i« 
most violent <>[>po!<;iti4)n, and in Julv it w;ls withdmwn. 
Th^rp was moro than ono si^riouM riot in Hyde Park, 
followed b^' u littlo window-bTeiikiEitf on tlie part ot the 
limb. An injudK-iou* Member of Pai'liaTOE»iit, nanifd 
Uiiiidiis, ttijulrr t.lic jniblir- «ii^gi*Hiioii tliat l.beM^ rioUxi^ 
mobs would \cvy ^oon h^ dispcrsi*tl by tlir "trail of 
a pis-pomfcd<?r ; '^ whereupon, the Tint/^ iiDW^p^per, 
wliicb wnA alt>.>^ethcr a^ain^t the Sunday Clo^init: llill, 
camf ont with a p*iw**rful It^adiii^ niiiHt^, in whieh it 
diTisivcly iiliiidKl to tbt- poU^ntia) tftVet* of lh#» trail of 
tlio Hu-poniidi-r, concbKlln^ with a miMnondfle jiiim- 
grapll to thc^ elTecl that, were the ^ix-jKninder to l>o 
traiW through lii>ndon strt-f^L^, wUf-ii^ ^\>iuld be Mr. 
jJtind:LHHnd lii^ rollowui^r' A highly uiipbsisant fi>ature 
in thr popuhir a^ttiitii^n wn^ UmX on a Snndiiv JifhTnoont 
when the nobility imd gentry were lakijifr the air 
in their equipages in Hyde Park, as their predecessors 
h^d bi^-n in i\u' habit of di)lrij^^ fttv two <^entun4-», they 
wiTr biiivled ilk, iind Hiniu-ltiiu'n |H-]hHl, by thr* lunb, 
whose favourite yell vfa» "(3o to church!" Whi-thcr 
the nobility and gentry were thus impelled to attonc] 
afternoon service I do not know; hut the cry certainly 
drove them ont of the Park, and thry havft never *inop 
returned to it, at leasl, on whooK on the Sabbath, 
Suek-ty «till deli^lits tji ^how its toilettes at Chnn^h 
rarvd<^ round about AcbilW statue on Sunday; but 
on the seventh day the Ijiidies* Mih> and tfie King are 
coniplc't<>ly di^Hcrtt^^d. 

Tho Hj'de IVrk tiunult> Buj^estcd to my Jriend 
ThoniAS Littleton Holt, with wliom I still cc<rasiona11y 
coiiKorted^ tliat it woliKI be a capital thini; to estublish^ 
on purely ]>opular aud demorratic ^nnind^, a jJare 
of si>ni^ ^;iLhi<rinLr, wbit?li was to bi-jir IIn< name at 
*'The l-eave U* Alone Club/" The idea« of Ui^ ex- 
i«tor of the Jfoff TiMes were always of a ^randio^e 



kiDil; and Wis oviginnX plnn wjw to aefjuire the leflse 
of a largo mansion in Pall Mall, ut the windov^^ of 
wltich, on Sunday morning and ;iftoriioLHi«, Ihu mcin* 
beiN tjf '"Hir lii'.'Lvt' Us AloiK' riuli" couKl «it — in 
titfttr sdiirt jtltfi^vcTi, <ltW rnfeuth — handing to 4?acU other 
glirfonhii; and foammg tankaids i>t |n-wter. sunl ^^iikukHi^ 
the pBocefuI yard of clay, Tlit^y vvrri' in \\a\\^ rHtUiing*' 
to do with liccnoti«( or licensing Uws ; they were to sit 
under thw own viiiea and their own fi^-tn'Oi^, and who 
waa Uj mabo them afraid? Thi?y wore to eat and 
drink what they liked, and play all-fonrA and bnirhle- 
piippy if tht'y trha-^j ; and ti> jiuli^t"- ami ju*(ie<*^ *if the 
priicir anil in*pc<?t«r.H of the pulire iliey were siin^ily to 
say "Leave lu Alone/' The unty obj^tviele to ttie im- 
mediate realisation of this certainly orii^inal scbenu* waa 
a lack of nufiieient capital t-> ui^quin' tik* li.^^wt! of the 
mansion in l^*ll Mall, ami riiniish it oven on the iiioat 
demiX'nitic unri ecunonilciil ha^ift: so the ohairniiin and 
CDinmittee tjf the eiiihiytj eluh hail to dfaw in tlic^ir 
hom.<i a little. In Immi nf th<- [idaiial rHlilin? iit Ptdl 
Mall, wc w<ii"e lain to content ouradvf?* with the first 
Soor ovcrr a hainirtascra shop in a narrow part of the 
Stnuid. nearly (opposite to where is now the oflico of the 

About July, Lord Uobert (Jrosveiior'n IWr ilill 
having ^ine tt) |)i<'i^s, the " LrAw Um Altuie Cluh *' 
ffimultaniXkUHly uiulprwcfit the pT"oce!t^ of (li^intrgia- 
tioD. I contend, n^vcrtheleas, that although there 
wa9 mach that was onirr^ fantafitic, and impracticable 
in Mr Uolt'» plan, w« aro a^ niucii in wuut of a 
" I-eave U« Alom' Club" in isyi, a-- wy were forty 
veal's 3M, Tin.' Liberty and Property Defence League 
doej* what il eau in ei>nnp^llin^ |>eoplo to mind their 
own l>n>inr9hH ; hut its ^phcn^ nf uctjim ih nee^HHarily 
limited; and t<r my initid, tJic *' U-are u?t alone" priu- 
ciple should meet with universal, and not merely looil 
aeceptoooe. Bicistance to very many of uft, ei;|K>cially to 

FAiVfr UFF Asn AorEynrjiBs. 

those who aire more or less public men or women^ 
U bucoiiiiiig &i)i!(i.i]ut4>1y intoleraDle, owing to tlie un> 
l<tinii^' ferocity witli nliicli vri;) I -11 Routing distiirber» 
'of the peace ]>erMst in not Icanng as alooe. UTii 
food yoii cat, the potables you drink, the hoi 
you live in. the olotlicft you wear, the bookii yon 
read, the rcercfihtioDs in wliioh you indulge, artt iu' 
cessantly pried and spied into by people to whoi 
you have not had the honour to ha inlroJuced. Tben 
are sonid L-fft^ntiei^ who would likf, if they could, to 
liMiime the raanLvremeni of j'our liabiW rradle* ; Kud 
when you pay the <.ltht of Kalinf. the Fnncral Refon 
Association thrust themselves fnrwanl to tell joni 
executors ttiatj on the whole, the AAsociatiou wo^' 
pref^^r that you wei'e buried in a laumlry-basket painter 

fHli-gn**-!!, ill Wt'ti it! u n'^|M'd"1hIi' mifllii af wiiod oi 
r*ndi ami that they rntrrUiii a tiUoif^ ohjrction 
mouniin^; roaHies. und to the expcnditnrt* of any 
money for llowein at your funeral. Thiti I know i^ a. 
(ligre»i«ion, but my life has Iwen a Reries of cli^retMiontf^ 
aud »:o ha^e my l>oolc>4. 

One of the od<lest circumstances in my life during 
tlie nightmare period wbh, tliat although T was a 
tolerabl^" reiuly writer and ;l fluftit s|K'iik[-r, it wsuf 
hut vi-ry 8ehIom iiideud tliitt I -iouj^ht for uiiy literan 
employment outsidi? the oflico of liQUscloM itord^, 
<lo remember, indeotl, that the editor of an ilhi^trated 
moffaKine* long rtinee defunct, and the very mmn: of 
which I ft'TgQtt so pressin^ly ai^kod mo to go down] 
to Peitieosit I-aiie and »tee the humours of the London 
(jhetto on a 8nnc]ay morning, that at length I retuo- 
tantJy yielded to hin request, and made an rx|>editiun to 
the bustling thoroughfare in question, which i^ now 
ealled Mitldlesox 8tn*<'t- 'J'he humours of which I speiik 
were wilnesflfd from an ^>pen window on the lirht iloor '>f^ 
H tjireni kept by Mr. '" Ahy " Kela^^co, wlio had formerly 
been a piximinent lueiuber of the pugiliiitie fitLteruity'j 



autl like most retired prize-fighters^ wa^ a ^irif^ularly 
ijuiet auii pacilic indivulual Mr. Zungwill liaa recently 
80 iixWy and so grnpKically dt'^ciilcd the outer and 
inner life of Hebrew London at the EiiBt ICnd, tliEit 
it would bi.t impertinent on my part to trcncli oti i\ 
domain wbk'li lit* 1i;im itumIji mj (-iimpli'ti-ly and ho tigree- 
ablj' \\\& own. My i^^Iy tlmmjij for r*.'i'erriiig tu my trip 
to Pf^tticirut [jane waji that 1 y<^^ accoiupdnit*d by ^i 
fric^nd, a youug artl^^t, wiio waa de»tined in atW 
years t*> attuin yr^nt cok^brity. This wiw the laic Mr. 
JCeeley Halswelle, AtiKOciuto of thy Itoyiil ^^cotti^h 
Academy. He was an extraordiniirily jirolific artist ; and 
when I \x\'*yf lam liad pnidnced bmidrfdH uf skHtdms of 
figun-s and siix^ni hct-iirs wliirh In*, iln^w witli n finnaes>* 
and surely of outline than which 1 have never seen any- 
Ihiiij; gnwefuUer *>r more forcible: sav*' perlia]M tliL* 
dniwin^^ made by Mr. llegiiiald Cleaver for the Dady 

Kpeley Hahiwelle frequently pruutised a prooesft 
of dr&u^htsman.'ihip which to all apjieHranee boM 
in inodem liim<s fallc'n Lid^i ;iliiiif!<t iijiii|iI(*Ij- ck^siie* 
tude. He Ikiid u block viketeli-book coiiijjo.sed of nu 
many Hbeetm of Jlrifitol board, piu^tcd togethi^r at 
the edf^?< ; and these »lieeU were thinly veneered 
with t)nt« of bitfr, and brown, and Up;ht ^ix>y, j^o oa 
to aAflUme tho look of m> mjtny vhoeU of orduiiiry 
coloured drawing paper. Tlii^n he would make hi? 
itketch oa the urt>p;irMl nnrface, and this being com* 
p1et«id, he wonld pnl. in tbe iiigh*l^bt'<, [iot with idialk 
or with Chint\se whit^^ hut merely by scnitcbiD^ witb a 
sharp penknife through the coloured veneer on thd 
Bristol board. The r«8alt wa^ surprisingly ett'eutivc; 
he made Mjveral P^'tticoat Lane drawitigx, and wha 
largely engaged, s^> I underjilood, in drawing for 
the Jf!ti4!rafed Lomlon Ntwu. We WL»n? very intimate 
(or «onK' moiitbs, hut nfter a while I lost siglit of him. 
He went to Kdinbnrgli, where he Found many friendn 


aiKl anipl^' r^tininfrntivi.- aiHiiniK^ion^. Tliiru lie 
travelled to IIhI^Vp and pAiDtcil many Sgure-pictureH 
in oil. Strange to aay, it was uoi until about 
1875 that I lii:lktc<l upon him a^iu and that wc 
renewed our tVioiuiKliip. As 1 wnt« tht-se linv«, 1 turn 
my ey4>!f tow;ird» t\w fimt skotcli for liis tplundid 
picture — *' Waiting further PfDcessiou '* — iibceimili tJi« 
Oampa^a in lioine, glowing with j^w^'llt^d Ofliiur. To 
my Ht*toii[!ili]Ui*iit> when a tew years after I iigaiu cou' 
Kortcd witli liitu» I l\>iin<l he bud Ijiddeii a ioug furc'wcll 
to fii^uro'subjt'cts, uud wiui devoting hU ^reat powcra W 
thti production of vS^orcus land^cupeii. He died in tJi« 
fuIui*M^ of luH iume, ;iiid he wji.<t uiit^ of tli^ f<'w men 
wh{}i[i [ j(iri(*r.'ri'lv wlKlicd I had kjtiiwn bettor than 
I actually did, OtbcrH'isc. itQciaJly. ho was lo me, 
under many a^irects, the most myateriouit of tJi« 
many my^tenou^ people thut J have come in voiitucl 

Li^^'ht brt'iiks ii^.^'afn throtif^h t\\v /rne&r^ iii th«* 
case of my Hrst ucquaintuiiL'e with FMmuud Vat*«, 
wb(t!«e father and mother my own parent had kn;>wii 
Vriy wril diiiLu^ my cliihlhoifd, lu -ttiLit.% 1655^Ciua6 
out a iicw JllujHtniti^-d wt-ckiy nt'W^ipupcr. called iht 
Jllmtrated Tti/tc^f, which wus distiDctly intended to be a 
rival, and not an aniitahle one. to the Ilhvtraled f.f>nfion 
ifetDs. Ouv of the proprietor!», pc-rhLips thi> pi-incijial 
one, of t]it' new vi-ntin-v, wa* Mr !)avid Hoj^ne, the 
worthiest of ptiMl^hcr*, wlio, iti his tim**, had had 
extensive and cordial dealings with such writers a.^ 
Thackeray, tin- Mayhews^ Albert Smith, tihirley Brooks, 
and Aii^u.<< lA-ach; and &uch arti^U \\a " fhiz " ai 
John Lecoh. Tho vditor and part proprietor of tW 
JUuatraltd Tim&t whs the late Mr. Henry Vizetelly, 
who in youth had been a distinguished engraver on 
wuud. SiihM»ijui"iiilv hf dill a little in thi* way of 
litcfHtnrc; and JifterwartU, he and his hn^thL-r Jum«M 
carried on an extensive business as art and general 




pablitifaeni hikI printers, whoso office^ wem ia F^-t-^i'- 

swallowvtl «j> by the sUI^'Ijr vjlHot'?» uf tliv Wv/// 
T^if^rnph iic\i>papci\ The tirni of Vi/>rttlly Brotlicrs 
had Income extinct in lH55, and Hcmy Vizetolly 
ilovotetl all liU <UL,'j-^y to tho lu*^ joumaL 1 kiic^w 
biiii itititimtrly diirir^ very imuiy yo^r^ of 1ni4 buii^y, 
ind«*lri"ii>i. and TK*t very fartiirnit*.' life. Ht* oii*{iil to 
have niiule :i lur^L* fortune, since hi* wus not only » 
man uf ciHjhuh'rablc literary iittuhnnenl.H jmd of long 
jonrnali^tic i-xpH'ii'iu^*', but hi' w;im ;i!f<(j thi> poftrtt^rtftur 
of tho keenest bu«ino^ fuciiUy imu^iimbUv Tliert^ »ir, 
howi^vcrj nlwTiYtf ii certain niinihor of pco|>lt« in the worhl 
who citHHirf *;yt on, and JiiMiry Vi/.ettlly wa* one oE 
them. UU ^reut-^st misfortune did uot come \a\ him 
until alrucwl lAu* irtust- of u n*s4jhit.t'ly indnsliiuiis and 
I m'turndly xiHrfid lihv Of Wm^ Jfhifdttift'ii Timt'tt \m- \v;ik 

I a mort competent i^ditor. 

I To thia journah which soon attained a very largo 

\ oircuUtioh, >klmuad Yat<>s, th*^n a doahing young dork 
^^b ID the S^H^rvtiiry'x dv{urtiriont of thi; PoKt Othce, nud 
^^^ who wa* KUiin'Hv Iwi'iilvliv*? jears uf aj^-, contrihiit^il 

a wet*kiy i;u1iuitn of penifia^r under Ihe title of *' Tn^ 

Lounger at the Uinhw," lit was a im^mher of T.hti 
OiUTick and the Fklditi^ — two vxa^llent centii-?* of 
town f^o.%sip of the lit«niry. dnmuitlc* i<*;^h sporting, 
wid UoiL;«[]o]d Bri^^o norld, Other mciiilKTi^ of tlifi 
fitaff were Hobert IJrough. Frederiek Greenwood — suh?H?> 
quently the 6r<t oditor of the PnU Mail Gtuitle, whieb 
\w. h-ft t4> fiimnl \\\%* S/. Jautt-'/f (!fi:rttf — SnlJtfthiuil 
Edwards, Au^oAtuK Mayhew. lOdnard Dnipcr. stw i>IlI 
Westminster boy, a highly respectable solicitor Aud aot 
a Bohemian, although he occikHi anally looke^l iu at the 
KaiMrfaof at Pntt^uc, aad gnirtook of a beaker of 
PikoMr with thi- gi^nuiu^ Bohi>nnanii, Kdward I)niper'>t 
coniribution WEt^ a cxihinin of h.-^id itt^nix, tfiititlvd, 
"Law ainl Cnme ; ' Au^u^stuB Mayhew. who fulKllfd 


tho dutif^ ci homo special <;orreflpc]ideiit, wa« alto^tlier 
"ttt bonw" ill liw hr^M'xj', mercurial whv vt\wi\ 4leai!rib- 
iiig fanc^-fiiii-s iit iW rr^sUl TrtWr, pigcun n\«tolu'«, 
bolanu^ garden f^tes, ond so fortb. 

WIku tJic uotorioufl VVUliam Palmer vrasarrestcd for 
the nnirJur »t Kugrlej. the geniul Augustus vas 8«nt 
down into SUfToniUliirt' W pick up as much inforniutiori 
as lie po8£ibly oould about 1hi> criuKS thit uniuiiiiil, nod 
liiK victim^ He wus uccumpaiiitrd iu< n f^peciftl urtifii 
bv CliarU'K H. lU^iinctt, win* liad bet*n at lui*- tiiiip » 
«ul>ortliiiati* iiK'HibtTr rif ilie launch niilV. lit af^rrw^Lnl?* 
became Iebowd by iiutiKrous buiDi^raus ^Mjrk» of the 
artintic kind : especially by n series i>f illustrattcns of the 
Diiru'iiuaiL theory of evolution ; aud b<» nfterwanls made 
a lar^HUniberof desi^s of vei^' aabtle cbiU"acter for an 
edition III' tbi? " Pil^riiu's Pivtgress/ tditivl by Churl«H 
Kin}^Kb*y> ISutli llu- sp.L^cia] eorn'3(})ond(.'nt and Lib 
^mpbic coadjutor wpiv rsspntially funny follow*, droll 
diigK, nieiTv itn'n, mad wa^'s, or whutover ynu may 
pk'jiM* tu nill tbcm from Ji fiicrti('U> ]H>int <»l" vumv ; imd 
mnJy, 1 i^hould suy, biiii iiii ultoiirfthci' i;hrt>itJy Hi»d 
ropiilmvc liirtory bl?t>n narnited by pt'ii and ]HMRil in 
Mich a wliiun^icalh' droll nianaei' aw the Itugeley luurder 
wa.H by 'HiiT* Jia^lii^w and (\ }I, IlemiKt. Thi»y 
mana^i'd to ^ct lun out of L^vcrytbirt* ;^l'aIniorV 
bcttinjj book, John X^nr«on Cook* medicine bottled, 
and the ovprtnrninp oi the ])cist-chaise in which the 
police ufficere were conveying tho omraiL< of the 
murdered innit tor chemical analy^^iii. This odd exp^ 
diliuii WHJ* uxtiiiul np by a ina!>U»r-strokLV Havlny 
apparently i-Ahannti'ti }ill the criminal ileniri at his 
command, Augu^tui^ gave a minute description of 
the little countiy inn where the pair bad ntayed, 
The coffi'oroom antl its fretiiK'ntt^r* were dr^lly de- 
lineated by Ik^nuc'tt ; und Mayht?w, after exprt^twin^ 
liiK regret that (!Utitom at the inn bad Kunevrbat 
auffer^d from the murder, concluded by predicting 

that the only inamter in wfaieh the fortunc» of the 
hoii^^ could bp rctrifv<^d wrtuld lio thi* iitinu^lmto nrri^-al 
of a lar^P iu»nV'r of tr;*vi'll<irs, "M with plenty of 
luggage : " anJ th^i^n I$i?niictt {iiMroeded to dr:iw u 
group of klertl travHIiTii and their i^-fpially iuia^ijuiry 

The world, to poor ChtLri** Bennett, was not ftlwuj* 
a funny one. Wp wero talkin*^ one chiy about Inimnn 
ha|>pLne&<« and human mifiepy. " I have Inid my whare 
of l>oth/" (]ui<*t]y ninarfced the artist- " Whf^n I waw 
quito iiyi»nti<^ nmn I h:id rlumilH^r^ in LyimK' Inn, I li:id 
niarrii^fl v>>ry early ; stod I h^d a child Utm, n i-liild 
that ditd, the sack' in>m Pmck. and the brokers in, 
ail on th<; tiunie day." Often and ittVn ho^ that hrief 
but oomprL'henftiv** pii^tniv of wretcli'nlncM^i reuvu'ri'd to 
me, and th<>n my thi.*ni;htfi have turned to t\\e old story 
of tile little childrL^o in tlie stri'et |njintintr at IHnitt* 
Alighii^ri, ua lie stalked moodily along, and wliis|>eniij^ 
to lliPniwHvfK, " ThtTe gni-n the nian w1k» has ween 
Utdl ! " 

A notld>le nK'iiitHT of the I//f^/r/tM Tuttrr^ Htnff 
was Jsimefl lliinmiy. u Seotchman of good' lineagt. 
ami a consin, I take it. of the present popular poliee- 
ma^iKtniUv damtrfi Han nay 'h ftith'^r was ii hiuilcer 
north of tin? Tweed ; ;uid dani^.'s htTnself rnti-red life rvs 
» midshipman in the lloyiil Navy, which scTvice^ 
liowevor, he hit before attaining commi^Aion rank. 
J do not think, either, that ho had a University degree, 
but ho wfl» a very fluent Lntinist; in hi* eonfld<^ntia1 
moments be was wont to my that he knew "nhont -^ 
rnncb Oreek as a bishop did : '' and he hud uccumnlHted 
a rich store of knowledge of literatur<' in general. He 
wu a llnent, nervous^, and incisive writer, and waw 
^ft4)d, moroover, with strong surcftstic powen*, wbich 
he did hi^ best to cultivate and tj (.ievelup — nt»t in the 
main vrith th€ result of increasing thereby his cirole 
of friends. From time to time the member^ uf the 


hUkS Uhed tij wriit* ifr»iyt* uii tliv itic)>t jiruiiiim.'nt 
men u[ letU'in or tlii^ a^e. I)ickeDs li-ll to iiij' sliare : 
aiitl ii»tt)r;iily I .slid .'lU the good tbin^ thftt 1 cauld 
tliiuk of. und az^ 1 tirmly believ<.-d to be true, about 
Tny master ill letters. Albert Srnitb wm ^dlotU'd to 
Edmund Yates. Hannay dealt with Thuekomy, who 
admired him sr*>atly, and wai* personally fond of 
him; ;trd I d<> not tliiiik that tbo illiLHtrioiis author 
of '* Vurnily IVir '* could Imve [hikI a brighti^r 
compliment to Ilannay's profound knowledge of 
early eightrentJi-ceiitury literatuic than wbtrn lie 
eiigA^l him to write tlie notes tor " Tho English 

Sad to fear, Mr. ViMolly t *taff were not very fond 
of one another. There wtut a good deal of gtmulnc 
admiration amonj^ us for eacli other's capcity ; hut 
"churn*'* we ardiiiniv wer*- nut. Theiv were two 


eutiipM into which wc wcri' dividi*d, and tlu- camps were 
equally literary and politicid. Haiinay was a ^tauuch 
Conservative, and, although of no university, consorted 
habitually with youn^ (Oxford and Cambridge men. 
Viit^'h'lly, Au^nsttw Muyhew, and I were the fiercest 
of lia[lit'(i]n ; nnd lEikbcrl Itron^Ii w^n an evfii moru 
irrecoDciJable democratio Itcpublican ; and not one 
of us ha<l ever studied at any Enghab public school 
or university* In tlii» plra8;int stato of things it 
naturally cium? about that vvi* wert* vi*ry much given to 
abusing each othi?r in print in oplu^TiiLral piiblieatious 
outside the spbert? ^^t the I/htJtfntfcd TiMtf. I- aii yet, 
had no dmiiiiel Ut vt-nt my lamxmr, hinc»* 1 only wrota 
for JJijft*f/tM HohIh^ and ocrasioniilly for llii* Ji/uxtrtihtl 
Tifnc« i but Uimn&y ha<l plenty of means Icr guying 
his say about "the confoundt^d Kadicals." particularly 
Brough and myselt ; and in tlie paj^es of tiomc short* 
lired ma^axino to whieh he was a contributor, I was 
highly .iiiiu^od bv ic^iiJ^r ■">(' day the following ivaliy 
Anuirt epigram :—^ 

LOTUS' f: AT tSG\ 



" Kaj^ to KQ why ti. awl U 
DinLitlv tint I'nivi'niily. 
Ktmy ti> (tio why \S. myl 8. 
DiRlikc odH n'dti^r littlr Ihn. 

Ah 1»j I-hpir wiirk* yon kTiow l!t*ii' ffn-rHl, ^^ 

Thftt thono wKo writ*- *houi<i novwr I'unrl, ^ 

Tlli'ir fftco* fcho^v llioy Uiink it tK>*h 
Tlmf. iIkihi) wfni uitU' hliuulil vvir t\.-tf.]i,'^ 

Wlietlier JIannay was really tho author of this bnglit 
little niorct'/itf- I am unaware, imd it does not ivally 
mutter nt thi^ time of dny to know ; btit at til) ovciit« 
it t>iiia&ftt^ from &<m\L* oue of the fiCftdomic cliqua with 
which lie was so closely connected. He admitted, 
however, the uuthtJi>tlLi|j nf a H^-athin^ Mtnnmary of 
tlip ii]<:rit» uF the three little cwH^ys on f;iniaiiH inf*ii 
of tett^^nt t<) vrhicti 1 Imvi? dmwn attention. His 
appreciatioti was tcrsi.^ ; it I'an dimply IIiuh ; 

" ThttokiTay. Hy ft Sclioltf. 
Ukkoiu. Uy u Uk'ki^u^uip 
Allicrt Hmilli, By mi A|Kt." 


Gdmnnd was the "ape; ' but he. too, iviis not at all 
drtieientin siitiricirnr; and he paid back Hannay in bin 
own coin, and with interest, on a good many ot*caflion». 
Th« Huhsequent cor^^er of Jaiiu^K Hannay was 
illiant, btit could wMierly 1k> eallpd fortunate He 
A ninuljer ty\' udinirable essays hi the Qtutrferlff 
, and some valnable lectures on " Satire and 
Sfttiriiitj*-" III* w;l* the author of at It^a?*! tvv« ^pirit^-d 
DorcU of ik^lventnre — '" t^intjkton Fontenoy * nnd 
Eustace Conycra " — tbc ljwt ef which was tniQsbiti^d 
into (terinan. In 1857 he stood in the Oonsorvative 
interest for the Dumfries burghs, but was d<'fi?ated 
by tite former Meiuher, Mr, Kwart In I'^dO lie 
b^anip editor of the f'IdmlmrffU Crmmnf, in which he 
wrote scores upon scores ol tieuehant, witty, and 
Tivaeioiis leiuling articles, many of which would well 
K'ar r<jpiJb]i<uktion. Ho wa^ highly popular in the 
liUrrary society of modi-ru Athi'nr^; but Hannay wajt 



hitlier ioa tond of oi>rktrovenj» an<l w&4 orcnfiii^nally. 
when rlU|>iiting witli liitt oppODCnts sometlkin^ oi^ a 
BRrtTflriTiV aiticicHr; thus he did nob get on \ery vrcll 
with tlio Scottish clt^rj^y. whom he a^^cuscd of being 
findly Jefident in clasficat learning. r ^i 

tfie resiffDed hifi editorial chair in IS^i, :ind was'^H 
heartily wf^lconiiHl hfteV to Lyudfrn h_v hxn old fri^-nds^^ 
•lid collrugiU'W. ill IBns ht' was ap[H>mtet1, ihn)ag1i 
th« interest of the l&te Karl of Derby, who liad a high 
npprcciation of hi^ talentn — an appreciation which wax 
fiharf.>(i by t'lirlyle— to the poet of British Comtjl At 
Biireelonii, am] in that Crttalontiin city, in 1873, poor 
J.-imeH Il»nnay <Hcd lie wslh barely forty-^ii years 
of ago He oii^ht to have survived me. He ought , 
to have gtiiif* inlii l'arli:iia<^iit ; aim] la* wuald liavi* miuhii^H 
I Miiiik, jis ^Ti'ai a mark thurr us .!<»hn Morlay ha«^^ 
douc; ttince llannay wfl-5 a most fluent, polished, and 
convincing apeaker. with a rare ntore of illaatrntiona 
slwaya at his command. On tho whole, I think tliat' 
moil of ]i^tt4-r34 «»F r^pnt^T condemn thmnj*;t?lveit to s 
hamuli and cheerless exily whi^n they accept the morsel 
of olIi(rial cat's-meat ^\liich in Hontetiuieii fluii^ to ibem 
ill the sliaptr of a conAulat^ abroad. Their salary only] 
JQxt »uflice?( to emibk* them to Mtpport them!<erve6 ii 
due oSiettil respectability ^ but although they Vkay 
not entirely abandon their connection with litemture, 
they usually work les» than they did before their 
elevation Uy w (|iiu«i*dip1oiimtic post; and the Wi>rl<l, 
which is about the inoi*t nngratei"iil of all [iiis*iihly 
worlds, is apt more or less lo forget them. 

The lant member of the staff of the Jftusirafed' 
Turrts of wlioni a few word« may be said is your humble 
sen'ant. Somehow or another. Henry ViKCtelly di« 
covered that the roving, picaroon life that I bad beeo 
livinjif for the !a»t four or five years, combined with tho 
nnn^KT and variety of tiic articU'* which 1 h:Hl written 
in fIou»v/wlii Hord^, hdd been gruduatly igualifjing mo 





iof the cmft of journalism in rifjlit Berious earueat. 
And DOW, p<^rhap«, yon will be able to understand why 
it K that in tlir* winti,*r of my life I can tlnnk of itiy 
iiltm-Bolieniiivu d&V"« willtout. rrmorKc ;i,nil nltliout 
flliAme. I had le^&nif^d, albeit hiilf unconsciously, the 
trade t^t jx new^ipap^r- writer, even as I had pivvioiisly 
learned the tnwlc of an engraver, I had not, to my 
knowlwljjo, dono aoybody any linrm j and, m far v» n»y 
nnonymoiu contributions to Htm^eltold Words were 
cunoemed, I had striveu to do a« much j^ood as it 
liiy within my liinifvd piiwi*m tn acniiTnjilitili, No ; 
I ;tin n«t »(»rry, and I am not itsluinn-il, ,sitico in the 
winter of my life I hml mystify through tlie mercy 
of Providence, sitting in my own houao at Kri^hton, 
surrounded by book« and pieluros and fmr.^ihfjnif'. 

I have said thivt wlioii the Crimeun War hroki* out 
I liad Etupidly refruinod from making uny attempt 
to proenn- an sip|Kiintiuent iw eorn'>p<>ndfnt of some 
JjCindoii newhpa|>er A little pipecial corrertjiondtnoe, 
indeed, I did iiecomplijih in connection with the cam* 
pAi^ in the Ttturic Chersoueso. but without quitting 
the shores of my mitivo eountr)'. The Uritish Uovcrn- 
ment was» throuffboiit the war, sorely prui^sed for food 
for powder; and amonj^ the auxiliurie* whom it wuk 
tliiMight f*x|M^]i*.'iit In orj^miHc yain a Ur»nintti Ix-yion 
Th^c solid, sturdy merceniiries, enlisted from every 

?|narter of the Fatherland, wore landed at IJover, and 
onned into a camp at Shonicliffe; and Vizctelly scut 
me down t'> write a de^eription of a review of the Legion 
by tli« l>»ke of Cambridije. The (.Teneriil eominundin|f 
the Legion was a a-rtuin Huron von Stutterheiui. 
I wrote two or three eoliiinnH about the review^ and 
made half-a-doKc^n sketclieM of divers episodes of the 
ooca^on. I'he li^^ure skt'tclics were good enough to be 
colored at once, but the uttempt« ut landscape were 
to bad that they liad to be drawn on the wood by 
Birket Foster. 



A littlr lairr Kflrituml Viil« wtis ujjpvintuil wliUiF 
\i\' a weekU' illu«lruto(1 pc'riodical ot avowedly facrtiou* 
cliametor, colW tbe t7oj»ii- Tim^r ; and it struck 
III4' that it mi^ht be arlvuntuj^oout to all parties 
\i 1 called on Mr. \a\a*% :liuI lisul u tiilk wirJi biin 
about the [IrsiriLbihiy of my contributing to tlic n«w 
jmirnal. I think that I had Tiift bim two or three 
times in llio early days oT the Ji/usiratetl Tmet^ but 
I had only the ^light<»ftt per^^^nal acquaiiitanoo with 
him. I went onr uvcniti^ to tho how«) which ho tb4*ii 
'xciipiL'ti ill Doii^^bty Street, Cray's Inn Road> Scores 
of my liti^rary and journalistic frif^nds seem to liave 
livftd, at some period or anoibirr, iti Doui^'hty Street. 
Mr. Yiite:* reccivni mo witb ;jtx.iit ud'cibility - lEiughiiigly 
observing tlmt Uv bad thought of writios to mc ait a 
ixfssiblth contributor to tbo (hnt'c 7>W^» but that 
Oickt'iiH iuid told him that there waw not much cbatice 
of iny joitiiui; hifj stafT, us. f/uustifioltl H'^n/* ivuv <|ijit« 
willing ti^ iAUH' all tbjil. I i*i>uhi w^ltl^ iltkI r,uuld iiol 
always get (enough copy cut <jt me. 

»o you aee that the bad dream was slowly clearing 
away, that the nightmare years were oomin? to an end, 
and that thi^re was beginning to shine an^>uDd me a 
very bright light, by meauit ol' which 1 was able to read 
^i ]n'L-ri'pl. thu.t for a very ion^^ liiia* hail h^-n alimist 
invtsilih* to nic — that it was* an irxcilleiit thing for n 
man who had any knowledge or any capacity in him to 
work many hours for aix days in every week ; and that 
the harder, more aedalously and more faithfully he 
worki'd the better it would be for his body's aud his 
NOurs health, I suppose thfMe is uncli a thing ;i* over- 
work ; I suppONit that iiiir nir^nlal faculties in^iv nonip- 
time^ be imphirod by <.H>iistnnt study or by almost 
jncesnant intellectual labour; but T rio, onec f(»raJI, 
dochu'- that continuous hard wijrk never die] mi* uny 
harn^ and that for the liist thirty-st'vea ye^r* — when 1 
have not bet'D prostrated by sickness— a day'* idieness 



tieft« miserable. 

nm] tli^i fncntUhip rniitir^nf^l until tlii- jirnor^ nF itiH 
lamented decraae. After tlic stoppage — which wiis Dot 
vi?ry lon^ »l<*layf^i^of the t'om/*' T/we*. Edmund, with a 
rttn^ll colloclcd hund of liia literary and artistic a^sociat^n, 
of whom I waT^ one, formed thctrnwelveK into a kind 
i'i K\iidicat« for tlie pnqjosi' of starting n TiiouUiIy 
mti^^iiie, to be called Tit- Train. Of Uiut iiiugaztDc 
hi' lijiM hiniH^ir tnlil iht- story Mt exhaustively ami nn 
»tiiiiMn^ly tbat< >t. is tkii1I(^.s» fur ini^ to ^ay atiythtn^ 
about it* >a\'c in the briefest and most incidental 
manner. First, however. I must g<y back u little, and 
mention that,at tlie veiy beginning o£ tho Crimean War 
- — the preei>4e time was, I think, whf^n the British «Kpe- 
dttionarj' forco luid priM*t»i.*dcd no furUior tliiin Oallipuli 
—I had niytielf hi'coine tbi* rtUtor of a wL'oklj |ii."rio<li«tl 
called London. I drt^w the frontispieco my*clt. liy 
lenns of one of the earliest of tbo " procease^i/* the 
09E€CSsire multiplication of wliicb U now tbn>!»tt>ning to 
bring wliolGBalo niiu on the art of woodcutting nod 
engravint; on metal. The procef^s wsu called **gIyjiho- 
Ifrapby," and niy fixjiitiKpieee reproseiited the pcrtioo of 
a li-nipli\ dj-iH)r;iU^l with all V\\\\> of ?vyiiilH>li[r HlluMonit 
to metropolitAD tn<ittcrs» and flanked on cither side t>y 
^gantic Bee renter. 
t^ftdott was financed by a certain Fetcr Mori!;ou> 
who wan rnnnici^' an eatabli^bmeut called the Uauk 
of iU<|H^it, in St. Marearet'i I'la^v, 'IVafid^ar Square. 
Fivo per Cfnt. wa» tin* int<.»rc'^t genorou>ily 
by Peter Mori§on on cash deposits, large or Mnall, 
iritiidra viable at nix nionthH* notice; and a good nmny 
thousand.^ of pound:^. I U'lievc. were placed by a 
c<jntidiiig public in IVtcr'?; always open hand. Att«r 
A while theiv grew up in City circk^s u duugreoabk 
impression that the amk of Deposit vr^ rather a 




" fln1iy '' concern ; antl this impression soon devoI6pe3 
iTito a strong convictioD that Peter himt^eU wiu 
not a1t4>j;^tht'r aii iminii«t]lHt« financier. About \m 
miitwinry i)|H'nLti(>iiH T km^vr ;aW)1iiU*)v iiutliini;; hut 1 
liked tbo man, who waa of a frank, cneery, literal, and^^ 
genial disposition. He paid me wdl ; aiid I gave bii^H 
^od worth for his money- l^omhn wo* not a succe«s-^^ 
fi]| periodical ; nnd aft^r a fev weekr; it prt^^ccded tbc 
B;mk of Di^po«it in poin^ to what ifi popularly known 
as " smash.** I nev<?r saw Potor Mori^on aguiu ; but I , 
always lires^rveil a kindly feelinj^ fi>r biin, antl could i 
not lit-lp Unnkiii;r tbnt lit* nan much muiv siiini.^d against l| 
than »innui^'^. nnd on one occfi5ion» aft4rr 1 hadjoinnl 
for ^oihI and all tlic profciisioii of journalism, and waA 
ai;lE(!d to write an article, in whiob PoterV Ananuial 
modoH and niamn^r^ were to lie *inarlly belt! up to 
trnsuii", I lirmly dccliiK'd lo JX'U on*.' anonymous word 
Againvl a niun of whose biiiiincHs prar.Ttices I had bad 
not tlie w] ij(lit<='st fio^iisance, but wlio had aiwuys 
treated mt Jn a kiiJ<l <vkI liononrabb- way. 

Heforc parting with tbc unlucky Peter I bftvc to 
dmw attL'ntion to n ]^lic:btly curious circumstanco. In 
1 S54 I bud writt^^n for l>ickens a series of papera — being 
practically an answer to a pamphlet by Albert Smith — , 
('iillcd **flM»itn';il. MoLhI Qu('-'*(jini." dt^iliny with the 
th*'n viTy inich vox*'<l <iiJestion it\' Kn^biih liotels, their 
discomfort, tbeir exorbitant cbarges, their bad cmttiHe^ 
And their tiery and co&tly wines. I had. niysoif. an 
opt-n mind in tbc matter; and in rtome instftnee* I was 
inclined to a^n'O with Albert as to thi* v«*t su(>erioritr 
of eontinontal bot^-ls over our own, As yet my travefs 
bad been liinitt-d. I knew Paris well, but bevond niv 
t;Lui]li;irity with Ibr- gay city 1 Inid itiilv b^ni it» 
iJrnssL-ls, to Aii-la-ChapclIc, and to Colofjno ; wborcaa 
tbc author of the "tireat Hotel Nuisance " had travelled \ 
eitensively, not only in France and ilol^iam, but in 
(iermany, Switzerland^ and Italy, 



Somehow or anoth&r it occarr^d to mc fo brmilMiB 
a pix>ject for an IJnglish hot^'l, on a v^ry magnifioeDt 
Hcale, to be Uiilt by a joitit-fitock company, on the 
LiDCfl or tUc thon dow Gnind Hotel in Paris, There 
was to be li ladies' CL»ff^9-room, & dally fa^fe tlioh^ and 
in particular, a fixed scale of char^ for attendance 
— ftll hoonn which wer** tln-ii lat^kihg tii liritiah 
hoslelrivn. I wTOtt' }u\ i^l-ihoriih' jmispoctus for the 
formiLtiou of such a compuny. iind thu foiiudution of 
such an hotel: and this docuuiont I laid before Peter 
Morison. He read it attontivply, and appi-oved gen- 
erally of its Unour; but hi* ultimntt^ ro|>ly \\'as iin- 
favoUTubUv "1 hiivc not got ?nou|^h capital inyseK/' 
lip said, "to sUirt it on my own account; and as for il 
joint'&Ux^k c^iiijjany, why, my iJeai- ffllow^ every one of 
the directoiVp and th:- ^h^rtrhohl^rn too, wuiilc) be liabk 
to be art\-ntcd a[jy morLin)^ for ten thousaBd pounds for 
II bxitehtT't^ bill or five thousand pounds for uniilk score/' 
Tlti&> you will bear in miod, was 155 1. In 1S55 there 
was pa!«!ied an AH for liniitiii^ the liability oi' joint- 
ntiw): r»Tij|iiiriiE-<<, I w;i>i jiint. oil-? yi'ur too hiuai in 
forrnulatiTig inv m^Iiimiio (or an Erjghsh Gntiid Hotel; 
and 1 may hint that thi\)ughout iti) career I have 
;u:enenUly been a little io^j early or a tittle too late in 
the c^poc<ition ofttiy idoa.s on mo!ft subjects. 



1KT riaAT "JOtRfJEr dur ^okth. 

A IdMlaaAotit 'i'nT(<ll1nf( ('aiii|«a{rin— (^vnhtf^D— FMA^tiuktin;? Offviv vt 
Almliijik IWi^^lLiiiKiil'-'B'imtwimt n 1)iivin< nf UmviniV — lii>I;Jlftl iil 
Qt. I'menkiun: "Miiin^ii l>it\v.<^—'l\f Ka'mt— A Chuot and Hi^ 31?(hi4hi 
—A Vtvll JWf '/'i/Jf*— |fc.\wUeiii<jiu «J NapuUmi ihb Ifuvt-A Fdulu 
('(irijurnl— C<utav^i£iij Wunt— A BoJI *t Utn Amtitii^ii I Attal Ji^n— - Af auI 
Qnn- -Thr R^iMinn lIoyArd— Thr JTw/ii -A Ltn'wl IWcrfuJant of 
Gm^ftiit kkui— litrk lit Unuftolt-MioK Camnujiw, 

KuHVND Vatka wiut noviM-, i<i my knowloil:^*, :i 
inernljer of il*; S»v*^' CluU; Init It'.- wa* prt'nuU'iit of a 
little si>n*^ty wliioli Iiail no ivttled plaw of meeting', bat 
wau convened ffuui w«ek to week in & coire«*roiHii at 
»oine l>ut4.*l or otlicr. Its tiftnii^wii^ a|>j>ropriut<; enough, 
boinf^ tho "TraitibtiDd'^ udcI iti; mcmWrs wi^retitrarly ull 
of them writers or artiifts, who were enga(-ed on tba 
lUttatrffteil Times or had been coim^ctM with the Ahiut* 
lived Ctmir Trmt-Jt. TIii^ Htory of i\\t* Tntin, x\ Hbilliiifr 
monthly tnJi^ii/jnr, wbicli rmunated Irotii thc'Tmin* 
band," has beeo related at length by Eduinud in liis 
'' Kennnisceuccs." It made its tir^t appeanwco m 
January, ] S5G ; but 1 waA not in England at \X\e tiin« t 
I wiL» in Pori^, and I rcnkatEKd in tlie Uiiy City until tlid 
close of the Crimenn Wur. The ce^wition vf lio^^tilities 
between Great nrttalii and her French ally aitd ItLissia, 
proved to be the turning- point in my career. I wiot* to 
l>ickeu» a loni; lettt-r saying thiit. now that the war wa*< 
over, it seemed to me that the British reudin^^ public 
would like to know something about Kus^iit itsidf, ita 
manners, and social usages; and I proposed that he 
should seT\d me to St. Potersbuy^ and Moscow, in order 
that I should wrilrr a seriw* of descriptive eKsay» ttmch- 
iiig MuKcovy and ttie Muscovites*, in tlie pagen of 
HotfSrfwld /y tWTc/j. 

Mr FiKST 'junrts'KY nvK yonvn: 



He wrot* me in return, fxtlly aud warmly, ajid \evy 
gladly ucceptcd my offer. His letter was, in partN, 
truly iouotniig, iuiil 1 sLoukl rV-^irly lik^* Ui rrpnrduco it 
h^Tv: but I rt'grct io wiy timt I Kist it, Uow^vtfr, I 
delayed not in returning tn Knglund to niakp arrange* 
iD?iit»i for my journey- It waa lovely spring weatljer, 
and Mr. Will^ pmpoM'd tl);it I »IiouM uviul my«clf o£ a 
BtMDicr fii^iii Hull, or j^mwc other Kcaport iu the aortli of 
England, and travel dire<:tto Croniitadt by sea; but tbat 
arrangenicnt did not iu anywise suit my inclination. X 
liad only had, a^ yft, the nn^ri'i^t ^llu^psi? of (3<*ntiaTiy ; 
si> I rI*-oii'il U) ]>mcecd hy wAy of KerlJn; aud tliouce, 
always by Uind, to St. l*otcrsburg: drawing, of course, 
some llotxsehotd If'ords pictures by the way, Uickeoi* 
consented that 1 nhoold take tbLs route; so, one April 
evening, ha/iug obtainc^d a Foreign Otl^cir piu»pori, a 
supply of r<w1y cukIi, and a letter of iTt^it on Me^sni, 
Stieglitz. the welUknovtn bankers of St. IVtersburg, I 
t*x>k luy dejiarture from London liridge terininn?t for 
Dover and OuUis: and, in due time, rciicbL>il iJerliu, 
wberc I sojourned for ii few diiVii, at tbo tbcn very 
favouriti) rv^o^t for traveller*;, tbc Hotel do lius^ie, by 
the Scbloss Btiicke. My travelling coiupauion waa a 
geutlemLiiL who, it turned out after^vards, I had fri- 
^urntly >eeu in his jtubho ciipiiinty. \n\i uf whose 
identity' when 1 met bim, wrapt up m a heavy peli«se, 
and with a triiv(?Iling-cap drawn down over hia eye*, 
I bad not the remot^t^t idea. The radway-carriage, 
again, wa« badly lit; nnd besides, 1 always hud a very 
ffectivu memory for faoe^. 
My truvL-lling companion spoke English with per* 
feci fiuency, but with » Ntrong Fn^neh aect^nt. He 
told me, betwr»"n C^tl^iih mid IJruMelN, and Itni^sel^ aiid 
the PruHMau eapit^d, a ti&TrUe of most ikAtoni^ihuig ^toncs' 
about the people be bad known, and the things which 
he bad done. Such extraordinary rhodomoutade I had 
gcddom li>t<.%ed to; but he wa^ evidently a very good 



fi^llmv ; j^o I lift liiin " blow/' ^s the Australians phrasir 
it, a? long as hf^ liked, without Lnt<-rrup1tn^ bim. Now 
and a^io 1 a^^koJ myself, montallv. who the man 
could be ; but I declare for tli€ life ol mc I eouM not 
determine who or wbut be waSn It wujs nut until tbe 
ensuing J^ptember that I sent any manusimpt to 
Jiun^i'k'jfii H'orth : but in one uf my edHii^it ]ia|M'nc 
about i\if Ni.iHIi, 1 ^Avr tlint wblcli I 11ioii}|bt and 
meant to be an ultog^tlicr good-naturt^d* although ftone- 
what bantering, description ol my unknown friend in 
the fur peli^e and tiie travelling-cup which came 
down over hi« no»o. 

Years sped by. Thy Tbc^tre Koyal, Drury \jxne, 
was under the nmDiigement of tbe late Mr. Cliutterton ; 
and a favountt- member of hiH coinjiany wa^ my 
ostcemed fi-Leiid, tbe talentt^J ilmitiutic arti>t MJJ^ 
Genevieve Ward- " How is it." aht; aski^d mc ouc day, 
"that poor. old. widowed Madame JiiUtcn, who i8 
housekeeper at tbe theatre, bates you so ? " " Hate^ 
md?*' 1 exclaimed iu aniazeraent, '* Why I have n*rcr 
written an itiikiiid wonl against JiiUien in my lifv. T 
idways ndniinnl hi.s talent and bis phu<k, and Imve 
always tried to say a kind word for him/' It waa 
now Mi»» Ward's turn to be astonished, " You never 
said ixw unkind word abfjut him ■' " she re]K*ated. " Do 
yon forget your cruel ciiricatiiro of him in I/oNvrMd 
tf'ord* f " My trftvellin? eoniptuiioTi hiid W^u no other 
than the renowned Jullien, composer of ibe " Itow 
Polkn." the " Triah QnaflrilK^,' and i^ondaetor of 
I know not how many hundreds or thou?iaudft of 
Promenade Coiiccrts. My memory had played mc an 
iindoconntablo triek ; for ni^ I have ekewhcre noted, I 
had puinted in 1850 a portrait of tbe compofier o( the 
" Row Polka " on the stairva^e at Gore House. 

I found it v^hs much more difficult than T huA 
imaffined to make my way by land from Jterltn to- 
8t Peterabnrg. 1 was advised by the landlord of the- 

H^tel de Ru»sie to purchase n small travoliing-carnage, 
H'liidi [ ctmkl soil aRniii on arriving at tlio Kusmii 
fruiitk-r, wlifiv I ^lioulj find » r^gulur sormv of postm^- 
can't3g«i>. Tli«u, uguin, lie i-emarked, if I likej to wait 
for H foiiuiglit or s>ty, n Qufi-n's Mt-nxfii^r iiiiglii Le 
starting fruoi UeHin, bound lor the Noi'bli> and for a 
€0»»idcratiou I might obtain & seat in bis carriage. 
There Mas no hurr)\ and I coueludcd to wait ; but ha 
it did not take ton^ to i^xhaust the lions oE Berlin^ and 
time bogan to hang h«avy on my haud^, I r:Lu down by 
rail to HwiiifniNiiilu, ill Pomerania, ulit^nw I i-mssed to 
Cu[H.-iiIiiigeTi, and ri^i"<*lled for tlu"«*p \vhnli? ilavs in the 
Aplendid diFi|i]uy of {ilafttif^ art in tlit; Thorvvaldi^en 
Museum. 1 did not know anybody in thr* IMni»h 
capital; bnt I nu-t a very friendly gentleman at tlio 
bot«l //j6k iVhiife, who spoke Enifli^n perfectly, aud who 
told mo timt lie hoped that the next time I came to 
tile uipital tif llL'iiiicirk I woidil \i\\y liiiii a vinit; and, 
Aji an aiblitioDul inriUMiiriit. ti> ^u'tT'jilH hi% jimfrri'Ml 
hotfpitjility, he tniotiouod that be bod liftcen kinds of 
hrandy in his cellar. 

It chanced tliat iicarly twenty yean* afterwards 
I had an equally tempting o1T<t of alcoholic rofrieb- 
mvnt. Once n yvax, un tht* (eni^t or anniveniary of 
thi" death of St. Thomas u liecket, a large number 
of Roman Cathnlie ladieH and geiiUejneii tuaktr a nil- 
griniji^r t« OanU'rlniry. " tin- Sliriiir of the Holy IJlws* 
iul Jtlartyr there t'O seek/' On one occuaion 1 joined, 
for journalistic purpoaos. the modern Canterbury 
Pilgrims ; but I did not repair to the venemble 
KentiMh cAtbedral on horf^i-back, as you behold th% 
|>alm«r», ma]<? unil female, in Stothurds picture- I 
merely uviuled iiuself of the facilities ofltTt'd by the 
Suuth*MaAt»-ni Ifijihvay ; and the Ktiight and iW S(|ui:e, 
Uio Nun'n i'ritst, and the Wife of Batli. the Cook, the 
Shipman* and myr^t^-lf matU' nji a vrry t<mi^ little party 
in a lirfit'clas^ eaniage^ and we told stories all tlie way. 

X«M>d1eHif to lii«( that our Ca,«tt>rbiiry Talfs wen^ not 
OhAuei^riiiii ftitlii-r in matter or in itianii<rr; Htill thc!^ 
inndc a-« liiu<;lk oonsupatdly ; iiti<l u leii^Jieiu'tl ex- 
pcrieiicp of n Wi»rld whirh it m ungmtefulty and livpo- 
criticaHy wiflbefi to <ia!l a ViUc* irf 'IVars, has long rixe*l 
in my iniiiil thi^ c^otivieCtoii that tix\Q of tlie Mtcret^ of 
long life i* to lan^li wt olWii jin/) ils htiirtily iw t^ver 
you pi^tssibly can. One of mv fclluw-pilgrinis — I tliiuk 
)t was the Kni^lit. — was nn j^.it story-teller; but ho 
wn-s ail rxi'uipl.try liuitfln^r, I luid just come Iiome froiii 
Spain ; miti hr witM «o ilelij^rliUcI with som^ merry roiw^ 
ffe E^fiitlia whioli 1 relatt*(l, that (shortly afti*p we ]iad 
l*^lt IVoydon bo wliisperecl to mo : * Sir, I have read 
wowral of your booka; 1 am a wine iner:!liant, an^ I 
Hfioithi rery mrrrk //kf fn Ht'mf t/tm u r/iM' of vf^ttrkHng 
6>riiirfy." S|iiLrkliii^ Iminrly ! Snrfly that iiiUHt have 
been the ni-*ct^ir of the j^otla on old Ulympn*, I gave 
him my address; but aoinehow or another the case ot 
£.*florve«citig: brandy nuvor cam<^ to hand. 

From SwincmihiiUt I wcnit on to St«rttin. a quaint 
old Pomeranian st>aport, very comfortable, but very 
dull; and the it^e in tlie Hultic beitijf by thin 
titur- (Mniplriely broken up and tho wi-jtMirr perfi'ct, 
I tbtmght that 1 nii^Iit as wtdl proceed to St. IVteni* 
burc» or rather CRmritadf . by sou> IIow I accomphshod 
thifl not very adventurous voyage I have ivlated in 
a btx'k called "A Journey Due North.** I remained 
in St. IVtrrslmr^; aud \t< vii.'iiiity from mid- April 
until niid-St'pt.eniber; and i t-wn. Atthuut eru^'^^ratiou, 
say that I have rarely tn tbe whole course of my life 

i)as?(ed ^re »uch months of uuminglfd liappineiiA ak 
. did in the meti"opoii«nf his l^urisli Maji^sty Akxaiider 
Nicolaivitch II, I wiis still youn;^ ; J v/m in liTSt-mIe 
lioalth; I had a «uffinency of cash, and had bidden 
tluit wbieh I hoped wa^ to ht? u lll^tin)( farewell to 
liiih^ini^t und its in^Iitrnitre^. I set to work very hanl 
at lenrninj; Kussiim ; but 1 wan not expec^ted tt> forward 



ID J €opgr to 

The war wsa onr; ^2 

a general and 

Itte foes did 

feeltngi towHPds J«lm BiB. 

iitriguM and 

the wotfoikft with 


The Bonivi OcmniMwt, afsm, wn* a er mg J of 
the ajwtettiatic and coMtiaaotta f**^*? ^ letters dca- 
DafcdMd bj or addraiaed to far ei gagt a naidnt m 
Boan: attd ^lianap a« I did in l^hH m thU betirf, 
it 13 amiisin^ to rMBcathar ia 1^91 that for vone 

?ear9 post a ni^ee of niae haa been lirin^ in the 
'tarf dmniBioDa, and that at pnvrat b^ hnsboad 
bolda an appviDtaant ni tb« On mal K>»t OScr, Si. 
Petersburg. In l%lt» bebi^ relac ta nt to givr anv 
tfoable U> the Caiim^ .\Wr of the PetropolitaD lieneral 
P<Ht Office, 1 did not in the ocame of fire months. 
wnt« as uati^ m a doven letters home; and, as iKe^e 
communications wne of a fitrictlr private and dom«a«tie 
character, I do not cappoae that tbe Bareati of Secret 
Paht'r derived luucb — if they derived any beiirfiL at alt 
from tb*» pirro^ of idj hvt am] &r-hptwmi eptwUe!*. 
That thry tcrr^ opeDed. I had. D«Tvrrih(^l«4S, r«flM>R 
to know. Before leaviri^ Kngland. 1 had a^-recd with 
tny brother CtmrleA at Hrj|fhtOD that we should place 
in onr letter* a Mingle human h^nr; and neither in the 
letters which be sent me. nor in thofi^ which I n^^eired 
from him. «nis the aolitary hair ewr discovered. 

Th* device waa none of my own. It wa!i invented, 
I believe, by tiiuftriJife M-uzini, who tnm\r tisr of it at a 
period when he began to suspect ttuit the eorrespoitd- 
ence which he irceived from abroad wju opened M the 
rt.»neral Post OflSce, St. MartinV-le-Gmnd. by tbe 
authority of Sir Janaen Graham, then Honn- Secn-lary ; 
tl»e cimti-iits [>eiii^ e«>inmunicate<l to the NoafiuU 


Minififpr in Ijriiiflon. TliU s«ini)HlouR bn^cti of good 
f&itl) earned Tur Sir Jaine^ ^JrAJijim tlie 0[>proUncKt8 
M(>bn(|Ui>t, tirst coulVTrni by i'tz/rrh^ ol " l*ecr» Dirty 
Littb Boy/' The cpJthot mui^t hurc been the more 
f^iUint; «iiice the letter-op^mo^ Il^me Secretary was 
sartorially considered one of the be^t-dt^fiifed personAj{«fl 
in Eiigl;iad, and in [triviiU* lifi- wiis a lui^h^brvcl ntiA 
lijgb-iiiinrltd gi.'iLlUinaii. Wlint A btMiIc it would 
make—" Tlic Dirtiuess ol" roUticfil " 

Actio^ under the advice of a fellow-pa&^eDger on 
Iwitrd the stoamei", I decided lo (ix my quart<^r» at aut 
Iiot4*l oiUIhI iW lUM Hcydc, in tbr» fulurhnn i&Utul 
of Viu^ili Ostrof. I uui uwaiv> tbiit. T am guilty of » 
pk-otiH^m in ho calling it, since tlie ItusKiau word 
Ostroo meaiih inland ; but tben, do not i\\f. SjKinianbt 
sjicak of '* VA I'lH'nt'* dt* Alcuiilaiii/' the hridj^i- uf 
tiic hriti^iif -caniirra incanin;^- in Arabic, i; bridge, 
Tbti HAtcl Heydo was nn cstablisluuent almost 
oxcluBivi?ty conJucti^J on Oermiinic lines. The wuitere 
and chambermaidjt were all Teaton«, and consequently 
all Kcnipulounly lione«t; uud only tito {H>rU*n< and 
scnddn^rn and scullions wcrt' of the moHJU- or Mus- 
covite jM?astttit claAs, Tbt* cui^int, too. was mainly of 
the Fathc^rland pattern — -plenty of boiled beef and 
vefletable^, plenty *if sauerkraut, and mv-emoked 
salmon and ham ; plenty of Khine wint'^, and strong 
Havuriuii uud l^sfi potent Vit>nna beer; nnd the 
weather )>elni^ now deli^htfnllv wiinn, plenty of 
mtiitfuTik, a l>everage with the ingredients uf tshitdi 
1 am not fully a(X]tiainted. but wliieh seetna to mc 
to come fieaixr the idea of the nectar of the gods than 
the Canterbury Pil^im's Hparkling brandy might 
have don?^ had I been privile^d to ta&te it. A 
few typical Knssian dishes made, it is triie, tJieir 
apptMnnin* at hi]U'hi*[>n find diiini-r To Ih^^iu with, 
there were /tiroy/rJf, which may Iw* d'^linod a8 ?(niall 
oval pie^ or nitber puiiti, inside which ww, not j&in, 

UY Fik^T ".mrUXHY UVK SOttfH" 


but lu^ily tfavoured tii mermen t, 11]f^»;o i»i>rvL'(l to stuy 
your !^tiimacli *vliile they wpre briiiyinjf you your meal, 
and rormed, moreover, an agreeable iiiWIude between 
tlia coiirweM- TlifM thrrft w.ts inv»riabtv ntrki on Iwind ; 
it ift the national ^oua aud is pirtnkcn of by ricli and 
poor nliko. The uroftpk cnt« it wlicn he has sufficioot 
kopecks 1o purchase it ; and it ts served at the coronation 
banqneta of the Ticats. It is dimply a aaup miu^^ ot 
bcc»f-bn>th und i:ahb:ip% to \v)iic?h art* [nlil*;(l kiiihII 
Mjuaiv blocks of ijuiled bt-L-f, Persous aljk- to ailbrtl it 
sop{deineufc this rmilly toothsome dish witb a few 
H]XH>nfu!ft ot sour cream. Tliis. however, is not pundy 
Kuvtian. A sort of fluniniery of tbickcnod and cimlM 
milk \h M»oA in Oermuny ; but the Uussiun i^onr cream 
more closely resembles tbe Tarkisb ^rtofsrf, which is ho 
lustily cried in s|>riug-time by the itinerant street- 
reudoTn of Stamboitl, Very small s^pring chickms 
friff) in ba1l*.'i', aocl wtiicli you cruT»cliw:l, bones iind 
all, likewise made a frequent appearance in Uoyde'ii 
bill of fare ; but 1 wa» not initiated aa yet into the 
higher mysteries of thr MiiMOvitc, and e^peeialiy the 
Tartar, kit«1icn, which urc* imparted ut CL^rtain piitrif^'iun 
r(>«taunuitM in the two capitals of the Empire. 

It was early in the eveuio^' when I reiiehed ITeyde's, 
and wail jUTCoinitiiidHUd wilti a Vxr^v urid exl.rt^niely 
unoomfortitblc bf^iroom on the third floor. The only 
tluDg to which I tun coTnpap.' thr piojR'rfioiis of the 
^rote«qnoly exi;;nou» bed with the apurtnient in which 
it stood is an oyster at the bottom of a barge. How- 
erer, I got u sufficient amount of Kle*»p out of it; and 
II10 lin«t tlnii^'K bvliicb I Kaw wlifii I lnukeil otit <.]f one 
of tbe windows — theje were five-*-ia my nxjm were 
aix enortnou^i bin:b*rodti lying all of a row on the 
1e«(tA beiieatlj. *'Ah' I mentally exclaimed; " 1 
jim in L>e3»potic Rnssia, the land of the rod, the 
cat-o'-Kix-tail^ — not nine* — and Ihi? knoul," Rofow 1 
had finished dre&^ing, perhiips, I should hear the 



libriekh, if I dU not ;*ctujUly wiiutibii th*j uti^iiUli. gl 
vrrotohed wood-eliopperR and drudges aud kitchen- 
tnaidh wIki wi^re \mi\^ t-cour^i^d 1>y tlie liotor of the 
hoU'l. N«>thin^^ wfinli'VL-r of tin- kiiul linik pIrtCf?. 
Three ^tu^dy wotifik%. it i^i tm<^, made their appear- 
ance, i\\Av caCUuiji off unil their red cotton ahirt- 
b1ccvc» iitdcod up 1 but they bn'tiijM wilh them, not 
a gi'c>up of pulo and tremblLng di:lLii<}ueiit domutittt 
but sundry coab^ aud pelisaeti — my owu umooi; the 
number — which, eiteiidiiig them to a line stretched 
betwi>oti tAd ijpri^'ltU, rhi^y priii.-j^ded tu ejuttigat^ 
men^ilesiily witli tlic big birL'h*n»d!*, in order ii> get 
the (lust iHit of the ^rtnentjs. 

It nui^t W remembered that when I first went to 
HuHa^ia ^IuvL■■ry ^till existed, \x\\A Uicre wore niillionBt o( 
serfs in the eriipirr. The puiiii^hmfTiit of tht luont wa* 
still publicly iiitlicted. ah it was in John }1ow;Anrs 
time, iu a small squure at the >un]mit of the Nevskoi 
ProotueklH ; hut, hh fur ;i?t I am ;twaiis riolH^dy was 
knoufced during my «tiiy in St. Petersburg, In reuiote 
provincia) distnct^. 1 have lieard of noble landowners, 
of both sexes, who beat their nervanta, or caused them 
to be Iwaten, very barbarously ; hut in St- Petersburg 
or Moscow it wa« with the extrcmesit rarity that 
the pruprietor of a serf ever struck a servant, ni^ile or 
(emalo. Tf the doniestii: WiW exceptionally th>uhIc»ome, 
lie or f^hc w-ttt " hii'iit Ui thi; ptilia- *' with a missive, 
poiitt^ly rwjUcMting the police master to give the bearer 
AO many loahcs with the md, or with the pIcU or whip, 

In '" L'ncle Tom'h I'nbin " the widowed Marie 
St. Clair vends her quadroon ^lave, liosa, to the barra* 
coon to li'' whip[H.*d by a pmlexsionHl ^iuoiirger; and 
I ivmember, about 18(1^, haviti^ in IjoiiiIoii a lady 
;iTnani)eiiHiN — she was a daughter of Mrs. UoruwJl 
Uarron Wileou, a welMcn-^wn niim>r poetess, and 
editor of the "Belle Assembh'e"' — who bad been a 
govorne4i6 in h aobte family at ^t. IVtorwbiu^ during 

vr Fiu^<T *'JoLrkyKY nvs xohtu'^ 


tbn Crimean \x^x\ aiid whi> tuld me that whon tlio 
oeim of tlw tir>t boiiibardmeTLt of fleba&topol arrived 
in tlw cjtpitjil, tlu* srrviiiiU toM sucli iil<iriiiir)g storios 
of » mintfuilous iuipciiniiici.' of ^^t. Alexander Nev^pi 
to the Tsar Nirojas. and g^jt, l)e>i<lps, m> i-xcejisively 
tipsy uti iofikfi, timt at least lijilf of them wer« 
na^tim^ olT to thr police -r^tjUiuiL of tlic quitrtcr to be 
tftllhf^ iutu rCLi^on and r^obrioty. t board, iti 185fi, 
a verv shocking story o£ a Frencli milliner in buainess 
at Moscow, wbi^, having a ^pito against one of li^r 
wnrl-KirN, ivlm wsi.s ii, ^rrf wIioTti >\w Imd hired, si.nit 
Ihp |io»r crcatmr t^i tlio pi)lico-N*«tion, wh*'n- ^ln_■ wii*i 
cruftly Hog^'rd . hut thij* incidtrnt I have namited in 
some d<^iil in my *' Journey I'vie North." As for tlic 
knoiit, tlmt tortiiro was, not Ion;; uftor my dcrpartm-c, 
formally aboli^b-'d hv decree of the Tsar Alexsmd(>r; 
altlionifh, iiccording %o some recent travellers, the 
horrible infliction has Iwcri n^vived at S^^halieii ;ind 
oUi^r HuK.Ht;iTi rmivicl. M^ttlomi*iit<^. 

There were many more itussians than Ucrniuns 
among what I may term the '" day-boardors " at the 
Hdtel Heyde. Most of the slecpini^-apartnientA were 
OCcapie<l by (jennan commotcial truvc-llcrs and #u]K>r^ 
oariJcHw wh<i had run up from C'rouBtstdt ; but they 
were swamped at the /a6U' rfkttte and in the billiard-* 
room by a multitude iif RusHian niiliUry oliicerft uud 
employ^ in thi^ ninny (Jovennneiit (»rtici'^ at Vacili 
Ustrov. Now, u T(hhfoi:fiiA\ or Uu^t^ian dvil servant* 
rtciir* u uniform, and hu** a rolatively military mnk, 
aH llritiNh army Mir^euiiK now luivt\ Thuis our diniivi 
tabic pn-'^entncd in'(*rj "-voning tho anpect of a military 
men on an amazin^'ly lur|;e scale. The warriont 
were nut "smilh ' ■ — lln-y belonj^^tHl tiJ iht* Lim^, 
not tij thn (inard; ami though all of tlif-ui s|H>bt>^ 
Oemao. compiirutively few of (lieir number could 
converse in French. They wcn.\ however, scrupnloujily 
p\»liU; to me; though 1 >pL^ke iternian, Jt8 1 ^p^.^ak 


it now, execmbly. Anton^^ the company at UeyJe\ 
I re<^n to mind a ntimi, clmn-i*haven, gT*y-li»'JuUHi oH 
g^ntlf^nuin , whti wnre ^<i]i1-riinmii] ^ppcbiclcot, nti<1 wlio 
fulfilled the important functionn of one of the censors 
of the foreign IVess. He had never, so I underfrtood. 
CKWed the frontii^r of hin native eounlrh' ; hut he vpoke 
GnfflUh atul t'rench capitiilly: the la*t with the ptirvct 
of uccenU, Vfv ^ew quite inttmute; and he kindly 
expUincsl hi?( metliud^ of obliteniHnj^ what be con- 
flicieTHl to he <*hjed.ionaJ>le iiitssaj^et* iu the iKin-ltuK^ian 
newMiapen* wliich cAtm? liiici^-r his pirrnew. 

He employed for this purpose two |»-oee9SCd; oaw 
WBS rubbing out, and another was blocking out the 
parlour matter. In caaee where the paper — say the 
Timfs or tlie Satvrday Iterii'm — was of *tout <]Ufl]ity, he 
inemly (TJiJie<l thi* otrriidin^ lin<** hy tiu-ati* of gentle 
fric^tiim with an a^nte htylus, or a do^'s- tooth set in 
a holder, and a little water; but when tlie jhiper wa* 
comparatively thin, us in the instance of the foreign 
edition* of the illuj<tmt<-d jnipers. the censor blocked 
out the condemned miitt4^>r by repeatcfl dabs with u 
«Ump endu^l with jjrinterV ink. Of course he only 
niude the ohliteratioiu im patteriiH, which were to 
be followed by Ins subnrdinatr'H. 1 remember lit a 
showing me a copy of the ffJa^frnfrt/ London i\'aff9. 
c'OiitaintDj^ uu eit^ravin^ of a purty of Uu:«^ian soldiers, 
wr;iippod in their ^cait eojit«, crouehin<; round a bivouac 
fire, and chanting one of tlieir phiiiitive national 
songs, or the six lines of explanatory letterpress at 
the fihd of Lhtt [jictnre, four were blurkwl out- It in 
extn-mrly droll to read, ;ls I hjive recently done, that 
in the rcndioK^rooni of at least one provincial Free 
Iiibraiy the Ru«stuD blockiu^-out system lias been 
applied to the Sporting InlelbRence in the newspapers 
o& hand ; le^t, so I suppose, the moraU uf the reMers 
should be irretrievably ruined by learning the f^te 
of the odd* with retgard to Ilrother to Caul i dower,' or 

UY Ftn^T "JoruxtcY urK ynnrtL 


I only nMniiintrd fmir ihiyn iit the rFotel HpycW. 1 
dill not know n fiingic somI in St. IVt*?isl)nrg, No 
British Ambassador had as yH been accreditod to the 
Coart of Unaeia ; but nmonp my very f^w lottf^r* of 
iDtroilnction was tme that Rcbtrt Brough h:id ^ivoti 
me to an Ammosm hwly named Wnn!, who, with her 
groivn-ii|i H>n uikI (lJlM^lll/»l^ wero living; h( a Pr^^tich 
fteaiiou, the Maison M:uiiu% wx tht- XmskcH Pro* 
Apckt — th*" H<^:ent Htn^t of St. Pet^rsburp, a.* the 
Bolschi^i Morskaia ia it:* Pall MalK I "luIy called, 
the ilay att^^r my arrival, on Mrs, Ward, and was nio&t 
eonrt«ouAly receive*! by lior and h^r family. Next day 
young Mr. Ward ivtnrnpd iny visit- \ v&^xoi to say that 
li« did nut at ;l1I iijipnive of the ][ntj"I H*'yih', which, tn 
(bet, hi' ch»TacteriM-d as " a coiitonmlpd hole/* and very 
d^ar — wliich I am fifraid it wiis — addiog that I should 
do mucli hfttt>r by coming over to the othor aide of the 
Kera, and bcvomiit}* a pftmonurtire at a stipulated 
monthly faro iLt the Mnison Marttas, wlu^re hi^ a^^^nred 
me that thcry; wiw iin ciwIhMit ruiniat' — I'xrluHivi-ly 
French, and "no befiatly Rusnnn messps" — <icrupnIou»Iy 
idfiMx sicc-xiinmoiiiiion, and " lot*- of fun " into iho bar* 
gain, H'' aitd liir* mother and i^ifttl^^ hfi continued, 
took their nie^U in their own private room; hut I 
should find plenty cf amuwoment at the M*A* /r/rf"//*, 
and L'ould pa^ the <>vvnin^ with his family when [ 
feli BO ineliued. 

So 1 Wfut oviT thfl water to the MaiHOn ^^artinfl. 
The tariff, for what wan then the most expensive city in 
the world, wihs plca^in^^ly moderate, t do not think 
thnt, for board and lod^n^;, m;d a stitHcioncy of «ound 
French ttja onthairf^, 1 paid more th:m sixteen pminj^i 
a month, and my allowance ppr meft^em from Iloawt' 
iM ff'oi'flt hein^ flirty ptmndf*, \ hafl iilcnlv <if money 
to spore for umuTwmenln and dre^s, Looking at how 


despt^rately poverty -fitrickeD I had usually been for the 
preceding six years — poverty simply due to the circum- 
!»tuiice that I generally sjxHit my moDey immediately I 
got it — I deemed mjself, with an income of five 
hundred a year, a counterpart of the Fortunate Youth, 
In reality I was luckier than he ; seeing that the 
so-called Fortunate Youth, who enjoyed some brief 
notorieties in the early 'twenties, was an impudent 
Uar and impostor, without a shilling of his own in 
the world. 

A droller table iVhote than that at the Maison 
Martius I never saw. We used to sit down, some 
twenty in number, to the dejeuner a la /ourcAetfe and 
to dinner; and with one exception — myself — the com- 
pany were all French ; and none of them knew a word 
of English. Two of the boarders were, although 
of French extraction, Hussian subjects. They were 
husband and wife— Monsieur, short and plump, about 
seventy ; Madame, tall and osseous, perhaps a year 
or two 3'Qunger. They had invaded Bussia with 
Napoleon's Grand Army in 18I2» had seen the burning 
of Moscow, had been taken prisoners at the Beresina ; 
and after a brief sojourn in Siberia, to which inhospit- 
able regiont! the Tsur Alexander I. despatched hie 
French captives, had chosen, at the Peace of 1S14, to 
remain in Kussia, which they had never since left. 
They had gained a modest competence ; he as a 
teacher of French and of drawing; she as a milliner 
They seemed perfectly happy. They read the French 
papers regularly ; went to the French theatre ; 
touched nothing but French dishes, and in the even- 
ing played at loto or bezique. Why should they 
have troubled themselves about returning to their own 
laud, where most of their kindred, and all the friends of 
their youth, were dead? They had no politics beyond 
a blind adoration of all the Napoleons ; and I question 
whether^ in 1856^ they knew much more of the iiussian 

MTY Ftnsr "JiwnstiY nvK KORrn^ 


Uik^uge tliun thuy lia^I doii«f iu 181^- Tliat laiit ir^ 
tliG case vfUh liuiidredB upun hundreds of French peop1<> 
st^ttled in St Pi^tershiirg. Th**_v brin^ \he\v Pann with 
tliriii, a** it wrrr- ; !iH up ii litiU- Liiii^tm (i( thrSr 
own on t\\t banks dftbcAovu; pick up just enough 
colloqnial Ross to direct their workpeople and acoM 
their servants, and bxc content. V^^rv few of them 
can wiito tho Ru^i^^ian charact^T.^ or r<<Eul t\ Rnsj^i&Ti 
nt*wspjipcr, even attfr many ywirs' ri>>iidpnue in the 
<'iH»nlfy ^^'*y sboiild ilit-y? Havt* they not the 
Qazeite dt^ St. rr/rtadotirg in I'Vench ? 

Deeply interested as I have ever I>een in all things 
touching Uic Xiipoloonic leg<'nd, I couhi not help 
continnidly pestfM'iny this Mhti^jue RtMK-dick Jind Bofttrioo 
for nn^cdutes rf*tAting to th<> campaign of IH2 ; but it 
wms only the fic£iiiti(%t informatTOD that I oould obtain 
fn>ni them. Tt was so long iigo, tltey pl*-ad*'d, :nid 
ibey had forgotten no much. They hiid hf^u, however, 
in the train of the Grande Arm&, They remembered 
Mar^rhal Nc>" as a very choleric warrior, wlio Hwon? 
fearfully. They recollected Murat, King of Naples. 
Ye»\ he f/id wear Ilia hair in long rinfflets ; and when he 
cbargk'<l at tln» hi-ad of his caviilry, tne Oosisarlci^ nsid ti» 
cheer hirn — *' tlourra, Moura I " They fcnew hini to Iw 
a foeman worthy of their ateel. " And ho never killed 
ft nnan/' the old lady used to say, taking an ample pinch 
of snujr. " He never even Jrew Ins sword in action. 
He only waved a light riding-switch/' Had tbey evor 
Mtn the KmpiTor? Yi** ; the tnihband had^bnt. whero 
wsa the UHL' of tt.'lling mr about him ? Rveiyl>>dy knifW 
all about bin grey great-coat, his little cocked bat, and 
his whit<* Arab etiarger. witli the housings of crimxoii 
and gold. 

Monsieur was frunkly communicative a« to the «hare 
which be bad taken in the eanipaign. He waw a ser- 
geant when he crossed the frontier ; wrin lii* Ii4.'utenant'>4 
epaulettes at the Moskova, and wm promoted to a 

aid sAL.i's hiFK Ayn advkxtuhes. 

c:i\ttd'n\cy thi' day bofure he was tukeu pritioDer. And 
Miut^iiiko? She wiLs quite as explicit, although ratber 
mysteriously so. '* I was not aii officer's wife/* she re- 
marked, " but I was at the Bereaina, Perhaps UoDsieur 
thinks that I was a cantitnere, or a regimeatal washer- 
waiiuiu. Not so, fvtiiis jnsiemefit caporat de iusftartb'* 
S!i<^ ^t'ont oil to tell me that in the great war between 
17i)>( and ISL4. the number of counterparts, in the 
Fn^iicJi iirmy, of our Phcebe Hesselle and HaDDahSoells 
hud ]nH'u surprisingly numerous. Sheer self-devotion 
imi>elled hundreds of girls to substitute themselves for 
their Hwietbeurts wlio bad been drawn for the con- 
scriptions ; while others voluntarily enlisted through 
a s]jirit of gay dare-devilry and love of adventure. 
When, as sometimes, but not very often, happened, 
their sox was discovered, they were iavariably treated 
with chiviilrous respect, both by officers and privates. 
Muiiy of these Amazons bad gained the Cross of the 
|je^Li>ii uf Honour on the field of battle; and, on 
rrtiriug from active service, they usually married non- 
eommissiiruod ottieers. By the way, the real Madame 
Kuns-(reiie was not the washerwoman who afterwards 
iH-ciimr the wife of Marshal Leffivre, Duke of Dantzic. 
Hh<! was a farmer's daughter called Th6r6se Levigueur, 
or some suuh name; and early in the Revolution enlisted, 
w/'/i Af^r u/ich, in a regiment of Dragoons. As in 
the tim<! of the Fronde, it wad pre-eminently an epoch 
for IvH /i'liiiiti'tr faries. 

Hut you may have been asking where and bow the 
lots of fun which I was promised came in at the 
Muison Martins. I will explain. The comic element 
was contributed by the theatrical guests at the table 
d'koie, Tliese were all members of or comiected 
with the company at the French Theatre at Peters- 
burg. There were "leading ladies,'* and ingenues; 
pcrett nohlt'H ; jt'unes premieres; low comedians; sou* 
brettes and singing chambermaids ; young ladies whose 



speciality ^^ "breechca partsi/' and "heftvy old men." 
Wo lind a Icatlcr of the orchestra, and a rnmous soloist 
on th« cornet n- pis ton, who liiid ieukIo the lour of tho 
world, and hud ucqini'ed a \'AT^i> fortune. We h^d tho 
actresses' mothers, who were even di-oller than their 
iif^tpnii^. Thoimihf, (Jie hah!jl<* and M-^ruhd. th»? im^rry 
farci'."* ami hiti^nrtt, tlie tittlt'-tFittli* vX thtr rou/ij^M'Ji ! 
It ^~us cntruncin^ ; it wuti mfit<:hlo»» ; uud it would haro 
been inimitanblc Imd it not boon dcwtinod to be pictured 
long years afterwardK id words, in the less offensive 
epi»ode« of M, fimile Zola's Rpleudid and nbomin&bic 
novel *■ Niinu." Tl»' mmt'dv'tnWH souietiiueN fffl! out 
with the r>»mf(iiru9, and the old French women fre- 
quently Mjuabbled amcng tlicniselves — u^^ually on a 
que>lion of tea kopecks — over tlie nocturnal be£i<iu« or 
loto ; but, on the whole, we wero u vary ImrinoniouM 
gatJuTiD^, and {^t on cuintally. 

After about a weet or wo I bof^an U^ think 
tb^rt I hud hejird nil the stories, and exhausted 
moat of the linmonrA of the tnhlr tT/zfUff ; anil T 
nhoithl have moved tti some other place of residence; 
but, to my ^Tczit ^rati 1 1 coition, Mi^, Ward prnpoaed 
that I Miould in future lunch and dine in her 
rooms. ITiis arrangement suited me adminibly. f 
vrQ» be^^inniu^ to learn Hussiian, and I knew that 
my Amerimn friends had numerous JU'i^uittnhinees 
amony the upper classi*> in St. (Mersbnry. Ai^in, 
tlie change of venue enabled mo to lead that which I 
have always hehl to be the most delightful of lives — a 
|io!yglot one. Of conrwe, we talked Kni^li^h alth'>ngh 
far from invariably ; but Mrv. Wai-d's only dau);htor 
was being trained in operatic i^rnuinfr ; and li*r professor 
in the art was an It;dinn »:imei.l Huhmi, h m-ar relation of 
the ram<ms tenor in wlioni I hail mi oflcn hhlened, with 
rapture, in my boyhood. 1 vrm^ Lutually present at her 
le^Kon^, flinl the o»uiTersiitif>n during ut leiu^t six hours 
in ever)" day wuh mainly in Italian. The Cliristinn name 

iM -i^.lOV LIFE JXD JDrF^mrBES. 

of Jlr^, Ward's daaghtor was GeDeriere. She wu 
v^rj' yitiD^, and b^^aoliful ; aod a few moaths before I 
liad the honoor to me^t her, she had married, at Nice, a 
Kuftsian noblemaD, Count ConstantiDe de Gaerttel, a son 
of '"feneral Couot de Guerbel. ooe o( the aide-de-camps 
of the T^ar Xicolaa. The life of the gifkxd and accom- 
pli^^li'rd la'ly of whom I am speaking has been one long 
romancf.- ; but pablictt}' has long since been giren to its 
ui*j?>i dramatic incidents; and it Ls nnnecessar}' that I 
aIiouM dwell upon it in detail here^ save but so far as 
it relates to my own Life and Adventures. 

Stfw as rcgarrLi our Rassian acquaintances. Allien 
Mrs. Wanl and her family first arrived at St, Petersburg, 
they went to stay with the Hon, Mr. Seymour — usually 
known in the United States of America as " Governor ' 
S^rymour^ from his having been governor of the State 
of Xew York — who, in 1850, was American Minister to 
UuHHJa. After a while, Mrs. Ward left the liandsome 
knhilat of the Legation for apartments at the Maison 
Martins, but we very often saw bis Excellency; and 
scarcely u day passed without oar receiving a visit Jrom 
Colonel I*earce {or Pierce), the Secretary of Legation. I 
Hay " we," Ixrcause Mrs. Ward was so kind as to present 
iLKf to the Minister; and one of the first iuvita- 
tionw wliich 1 received during my stay in Petropolis 
was to u Wit at the American Legation. It was a 
very grund affair. About half of the guests were 
Uunsian nobte» of high rank and their ladies; wbile 
thtj otljers wore mostly members of the QOrpi diplom- 
n(iffa/f, and officers of the Imperial Guard, These 
wurriors were all in uniform ; and the diplomatists and 
court funcUonuries, although in evening dress, were 
profusely adorned with ribbons, coUarj^, stars, and 

A ^H'at many years liiwl elapsed sinco» its a round- 
lirmlud little boy at my mother's knee, I had seen 
anything of the patrician, or even the fashionable, 

MY yiUST "JOVKMCY 9>VE SOBTftr il*5 

wor]<) ; ukni] I confer tluit, in n ttiil-coat nnd conttnua- 
tions which biwl evidently not been made by Poole, 
and without so much as a tempeniuce modal at my 
button-hole, I felt somewhat aeri'oiis, not to say 
l^nifiHtl, in thti rniiLnt of :ill iTif^Nr.? cpiiuh'tti^^ and 
iu^nilieiU^A; tliow Mtnrj^, iintJ ribbon*, nnd crowes; 
to Miy msthini^' of the diamonds, nnd peiirU, and ntbies, 
and emeralds of the ladicB. I have lont: since got over 
my nervoosnefls in such matters ; but tho ball at <.iov(?rnop 
Seymour's was to me ,i nc*w revelation. T was *(X)n 
roaiwiirvd, hywvvpr, wliro I mtfiwd tin; su entirely 
di!inocnitic coT^tuiru? ;Ls»iimO(l by the MinisW and by 
C-olonel IVarco — black "cUw-haninier" coat, vest, and 
trousers to match. 01" conr**t', 1 did nrit dance. I 
should n^ soon buve thought of stimdin^ on my head; 
and, fltrun^o to relato, althouL^b I was ciirofuily trained 
ID dniwing-room d^incing in my youth, I have never 
once, Binc^ adolescence, ventured on Any kind of exercita* 
tion on that winch is cojivBotionally known as the 
"light faiita-Htic toe"; but which, in many ciwew, 
might be much more appropriately d^rsif^natod the heavy 
roaltKtic hool 

The ball-room oE the Lection wa* ijpAciou«; but 
it was overcrowded, and excessively hot. The friendly 
CSoloni^l Pearre whiNjir^rnd U% me Uiut there was a 
»moking-room, and pointed out tho wity t" it; and I 
found myself in another largo apurtmcnt, evon hotter 
than the boll-room ; sinco it was thronged with gentle- 
men, nearly all officer* of the Ouard, who were 
smoking like m many Sheffield factory chimneys. Not, 
wh*rn the liivt fit of roughing wa^ over, that I 
iiiurrelled with the i^moking ; ?(ince the big cigars 
that were being pulled were chiedy Itcgalia-^ Impcr- 
ial«» of the ehoice^t Huvana bninds. To my mmd. 
th«ri> nre iinly nt present thn^ cities in Europe where 
you can obtain a thoroughly goinl Havana cigar. 
rbefl« citien nre — London, Vienna, nnd St. Pcterxbnrv. 





Tliera t(i, tg \te sure, a ilvp&t for reaJ Havana^ in Paris, 
next door to the OtBiid HoM The "vn.-ed»"are gi^iiuiiie 
enough, being fiinectly iroiiorted by th^ Frcqch Govcm- 
meui i but they ure badly aelectcu* badly kept, and arc, 
U5 a rule, tnuuh too tuoist, lu Italy, af^io, tbere is, id 
Buch f^'ut tovms a£ Rome, Xapk"«, Klorenoe, Venico, 
Miluti, and Turin ii '* Re^a di Tabacchi/' wliury*. at a 
fairly moderate price, real Havana di^rs ate olitaiitabli; ; 
but thoir c|ua1iiy can never be de^iended upon. 1 
Htron^ly Kurtprct that ihe ill-paid employees not unfre- 

3iicntiy palm oS ou incxpcneiic^^d i'Utfto»K-i^ the pro- 
acts of Bremen or Hambiuvi inst^'ad of that of the 
Vuf^lta ie Abajo. 

I used, when I was first in St. Petersburg, to buy 
my ct^iiNfruJu a li^harcikulstfj ii;iii]i'd Thi Kiiti^ who kt^pt 
an o1d*fjU()iiinurd simp, with tw<i bay-wiiidan;t^ on tlw 
Ncrskoi, close to the I'ohati Moat, or i'olic« Bridge 
He told tne thnt he wum the lineal ileccendant of a 
Kutohnmu, who had been tobacconist to Peter tho 
Groat, (luring that moiuLrch's »tay in Holland, and thM 
it w»* al tiK" JnKtigiition of Peter Vtdikf! hiniwlf that 
he li.ifl i<tiiic>nitr-d to Ruis^ia imd Ni?t up in bup^iness at 
St. IVtti'ftburff. Naturally, the original Ton Katt only 
H>Id tobacco ior pi[>e-9n)okin^, and snutf. 1 think lie 
told tno that ci^rh were not known in ItuBHia until the 
end of the firiit decudi^ of the pre^ont century. Still* 
Inul tlio i^alluDt warriori} of the Ciivvalier and the 
Preolwiiiii'ski Oiinrds birpi ^niokiiig the coanwht capwai^ 

I would TivA liav*' inindi'il it. Por the firht time in uiy 
life I found niynolt' fao' to faee with the inont inten»t- 
iDg — aonieliiuvn rep«'ilent— compound of savagery and 
civilieatioii — the Ku*»Ian '■ Hoyartl." He lui* lost that 
EpeciRc desi^rnation tliosL* mauy yeiire pa^t. At present 
he is 11 " (icRp'Hlin/' i\ Tjorti, an Excellency, tfjv rmlie 

Riutttr ; but p^iintv and veneer, and iatnpier, and Mr^-iit 
him a^ you will ; dre»A him up in a l^wed coat; give 
him a wliob oouHtellatton of star^ and crosses: cover 

vr FIRST "joriiXKY nirR :^ORTJf." 


liim with a t'ocked luit, j* hdmet. or a f^jbtis ; l«t 
him wear patent-leather boots ami wliiti? kicl glovu* — 
ho in Kiill, physicallj ami inU'llectnally, in hi» eii^fiice, 
uf thi' KulF-fniTiu^ ti;^iiim i49« uiir i>f tlKi;<(i Hoy^rils whom 
Peter forced to cut otF their long bciirds. uiid n^plncc 
their furred and embroidered caftiina by square -skirted 
Gootfi, »ilk st^xkin^A, buckled shocti, thi'cc-corncred hata, 
and (lowing ]>«riivj(^K. 

The KuFisiEin Boynrd 110 Ioii^ht hiiiij^s up h!« wile by 
the hair of hor head, ;i>> »«*vcnteeiith-<<eiitury tnivi?IWr»^ 
in itiiHcovy lelt us that he lined to do; »iiil having 
nhi[)]H*il hrr ntw from the nape of tht? nt^r.k to the hri^L*, 
makv:« her put on u chcmirit* ^ako<l in bnindy, und tbeu 
wb* her on fire, Suvh bui-baritj- tiike?i far difl'crcut 
fonnt* in thorti* chiy^; but scratch the noble Uiwaian as 
h^ is, bikI no iiicouNiderable umouut of the »;ava^o, ^ 
W4»II a» tb(- Tartru', will W I'duikI bonettth his inorul 
epidermis. Hear what Rn^sEans themselves lijvve to 
«ay nf the vice-* which otticers who have served in 
Cenind Asift bring back with them. 1 heard once of 
a ocrtntu English Duke, who tohl ji rohitivt-! that he 
knew oaly three things that witc worth liviug for — 
eattDg, drinking, and money ; but there 10 a fourth 
ooD^tltuent in tbt< life-course uf the typlral Russian 
iKihle- Wh«*t] br U'As \nfi'mi\t' sitiair-il Milh winr, and 
women, and gambling, lie nsiiully turns extremely 
dfivout, and passes mo>t of his time on Iua knee^t 
bamiog wax tap'-rs betiTre an " ikon " of the Virgin. 

For th« re«t he ba« his good ijualitk't?!, tliU Mu»covit4; 
"Ou>;|io4liu." H<» is brave, ho is ^muTous, he is often 
allectionate, and lie iuvv?» art in every fonn, Miiny 
iif these rt'deeming traits he shares with his fnnner 
vilh'in, th« ^hi^:kdir-ju]i'i|, 1awny-btMr<h*(l mtinjU', Ivan 
Ivauuvich. I rcrmen^bL-r jui En^hsh diploniLtti^t telling 
me once that wbea he wa» appointed Ambjuiiador to 
the court of UtiAsit^, he paid a vieit, while puA^iing 
tbroiigb Jterlin, on his way I0 St. J^ettrsburg, to 


PriiK« BiMRiMuk, wlio At une period had been lVu?^ijui 
>lini»UT ihcTP, and as-ki^ liim for his candid opiuioD 
of th^? litL&sian cbarmcter. The then Chancellor niu^ 
for a few momenta, aod Hica made ihia oracular d«- 
lirenuoc : '* The Buitdian, your ExcellcDcy, i« a very 
good MIow, ftU A<? (ueH Hi *Airt h/' None but Uione 
who hviw bwn a^n imd a^n in Ruhsih, and have 
careful Ijr studied the niamwrt of all d*iL'tf« there, cad 
fully apprectat« the prr^oant jtagucity of th« BUmarckian 

Ivan Ivanovjch, the mou/it^ wears hU red cotton 
i*liirt alwvt', iustfiad of under, hU ba^^'gy galli^jaakin^. 
Hr IK, ill inaiiv i^BpeL'tfi, a ciipita! ftllow. lie ir^ cour- 
aifi'i.JUH, chwrful, iii<Iu!»tnoi]?i, and faithful ; unA his 
flhortcotDingrf dn i)ct go much beyond a nornijd tend- 
ency to get tipsy whenever he cau proctiri' sufficient 
vodia for the purpose, and an ocuctfiional tendency 
to thrash hia vrifc black and blue. But when Ivans 
biy beard is Nhav<-d off and his shock-head is trimmed 
and "tlfd ;ui(l prrfnmtfd ; whrti ln^ (lriiik« Veiivi* Olio 
quot iiiHtf?ad of coni*bnindy, iini)» stiiffcrd turkey 
and i»i/^ ih foif grm indtend of ryc-brcac! and ^tca 
gherkinif ; ^kinx ic tucks Aia ttUrt i/t and wears a ebowy 
uniform or Faulttees evening dreiw, then in moat oaM« 
Ilia mi^nd eliaracter s^ly deteriorates, and M^ varmsh 
of reHiirtnrtit in only a thin euvering to mendacity', ntid 
protiigm-y, and cruelty. 

That bull jit the Aiturican Legation was the pre- 
cunuir of many *^ntertamrm?nts as amusing and intcrent* 
ing; and, b^Hidoi, Mrs, Ward used to receiv(» a con* 
»tant How of Hit?iAian hidien und gentlemen. Amon^ 
the latter T remember ciidt^ts of tlie i5cole des Pages, 
oi litnieriid Pagi-s ; and in particolar, among the 
othcers of Uie tJuard I recall u t»dl young gentleman 
who bote the remarkable name of Ginghii* Khan, 
'vho ^-nfl a Ji,n-al descemknt of that corquoror, 
iw 4 captain in the Circa»«ian Ue^ment of tlio 



j/r yiRST ''jontsEY due sorts." 


Utianis; autl 1 »aw liitiL odco at a reriew arm^eil 
in full Circai!«mii pauoply — a silTer-adorned uasque, 
high booU, whittj kid gloves^ a/nl a c^it of mad. 
Another tretiuent visitor at Mis. VVurd's wn*i it dia- 
tinguished professor of the Uiiivt^rsity of St. Peters- 
iKirg, Whiit his name was d(«?s not si^iify, but I am 
t'>l4^mbly Mire thttb it eitded in "off/' Natural liistcirv 
iraa hiA fort«. He drew witli NJngaUr t^li^gtbncc ^id 
accuracy, and coiitribut-cd to Miuiuiinj dc GutTbcTs 
album 'juito u museum of (5(jaQt<Tfcit prw*eiitmciits of 
wiiti unimxls, &»i)<ifi, and reptile**. Kra, Ward was 
brrsolf au admirable copyist ia oil of the Old Masters; 
and when her dnugbter had any leinum from b^r ^i^girg 
lessons, iX\\i ulso dn;w ani! [laintetT ; while 1 took up my 
pencil once mere and executed numerous water-colour 
dniwings — extremely vile, I dare say they were — recall- 
jDg operatic and dramatio 9<mt€iiifs of the pa^t. A^ for 
the dUtiu^i^hed ProfesBt^r, 1 heard of him only once 
after I left liustiia. He wa;; atUobed in a scientific* 
cajuicity to some military expeflition in Kust^iian-Asia; 
and had a rather unpleasantly lively time among hostilt^ 
bill trvbes; :Lt Iem-hI .'fo one wa3 ju--ititied in infeiiiit^ 
From a pad«a|^c in the report winch he tnmdmitted to 
the Government at St. Pt^tersbur*;. " Bt^ing attached 
by the right wri&t to the saddle-how of a native chief 
tDounted on a native pony* rupidly galloping over rocky 
ground; with my l[*ll ankle Apraim-d, a lar^t^ tlap of 
3*kin delaciied from my forehriul, by » i)low rr<*m & 
kanHjar^ hanging over one eye ; my spcctiiclc» amoflhed. 
and my note-books lost. I was tempt^rarily unable to 
make tiioso niiituto observations of the /'^vi/^ and /on? 
of th& region which I hud bc-en instnieti*d to furniwh." 

So with musir, painting, <in(l dniwing, aiul thv 
brightest of coiivei'se lu Freneh and Italian, that which 
to ine Wiu a hah^yon fluinmer ran ii« *folden eourse. 
The weather was tropically hot, and one had t-> keep 
indoort nearly all day; hut the night* — llicy did nJt 

900 SALA'S Uh'iS J\D -WV^yTVUKS. 

becoin«? <]uito dark until ntrarly niiihiight, and then llic 
frun f»ecnied to "dip" rntlior than set — w'c*ro dflidously 
cool and rerri*sliing. It waa u joy to Iw rowwl in a 
gftily caiLogiiod l>iiii|in', something of tbe fonii ot h 
VeiH'tiuii eumlolu, »ti tlic* Imiiul lilao Ikimiiii of tho 
Neva; aiiu a scun^ of yrars nftfrwdrtU, wlieii 1 Bavr 
[juki? Tildc^B noble picture of " Fair Qaict tind Sweet 
Ui'flt, ■ tho uoctunuil water-pariies oo tbe Neva nune 
bode to ine : mellowed, indeed, by the fiober touch of 
tina«^ but without on^r trace of s^idrK'sai, 

I did ngt go to llic coroiJHliMU of the Tscir Alex- 
ander ir Had I douL* Fso I should bitve uii't my 
friend iind tolhagu^ Sutherland Jldwards, who had 
betn (ie^pEttchi.^d to Ku^ma by ViseteJly as special 
corn^poiidriit «it the JUa^irafeti Timcn ; but I had not 
the n]OJlll^ of " doiiifr" the i^'at fiHf^-ant Tn\>*-lf. The 
cofit of living at ML>^'<.kW during the fi-^tivitii's wax 
enormouG. I hnd no status aif a member of the Prew> 
Houfutly Hjifaking, I scarcely considered rojf^lf to be a 
jouruahst at all; and I i>hould tiot have been able to 
attain iidmi^ion to tj^c Kremlin en tJitr niomi'ntotis 
(hiy^ I)y this time 1 hud drawn my loet int^tnlmcnt of 
credit from the house cf Stieglitz^ and I had just 
enouffli money tu bring me hume» or mther, within % 
t'^rtsiin distjUK-e funn hr>nif, comfortHbl^' . T little 
Uiou^lit* nf'veHlirli*j^H, ivht-ii 1 1,iinti-d niv ()Ack on 
I'ctropoltA, not a littlo disappointed that 1 could not 
afford th<? journey to Mobcow. that two and-tweoty 
yeai-s afterwards I should traverse European Russia 
from the Baltic to the shoi'es of the Bhxck Sea; that I 
wan afterwards to hci* the murdered Ts;ir Alestnoder II- 
lyjng dead in In^ cofliii, ;ind Hubswpiently witnt■^» the 
coronation of his son Alexander 111. 

1 bade a cheery farewell to my tricnds the Wanb — 
they hod not, by the way. the remote^ idea as to 
tny profession, if prol'esgion it coald be calkd, or of 
the errand which Imd brought rae to Kn>4^ia — and 

j/r FritST -/orftVftT DVf: north.'' 


took Kt^m^r at CronKta*]! for Flen*<btii^ in Sohleswip- 
Ho]st«m. It was ;;loomy :;utamn weather. In Jue 
time T rearhpt] IT^mbiir^; aiul fto piiMhe^l on to 
llriis^rlw, wht-n- 1 IiiwI ri'-Mflv**!! Ui n'm:nn fur i4t*vi»rul 
weeks pouriu^ out IW thu&frkotd ti't/rdji the Homeivhat 
GopiDOs store of information which, since April, L had 
gathered about Kusflia and the Rusftiuns, 

Ail it chftiict'd, iit llruAst'lt4 [ mot Robort Brough, 
who, with hi* wife and lii*i littK* dAu^htor Funny— 
n«w an ext-i'llent ;nnl dt'servt^Ily papular actress — 
waa temporarilv don»iciled in th*- pWsaiiL ?Hii!)iirh of 
St. JosAe^Urn-Noode, where he ^vas writing farces, 
iiml *x>ntnlnitini; a w^^eklj column of gossip n1>L>ut 
things in gcnf^ral to the LonJuu Sunday Timcn, 
I worked very hard — I should say for full soven 
iHTdek* — at my RuB^^iun experiences, which l>icki*n« 
electiHl to call "A Jouiney Dut* Xorth ; " Hlth^uij^h 
e%"«rybo(ly kiiomrii that St. Petersburg is not by any 
nieanfl dne north of Loudon Und^or Terminus. Jlut 
the titl<* W4L» ciitcbint:, and the opening chapters were 
liked by the Conductor of lltiUHt^koUl Wm-dg aufl by 
tlie public, Robei"t Hrough unci to r<ud them in 
the eveuinff to hi» vriff, lUi thi^y appeared wevk after 
week ; and ray brother Ch:ir!irs wrotw me fmm Brighton 
lh:it my mnther — who, although only ftixty-five, wan 
growing piMii fully fi^fbte — ^highly appN^ved of tht^ni. 
§0 wovrcro all vi'ry happy> and L pcrhajiH. the happiest; 
notmthr?tanFlin£]; what the It4L!ians huuiorou^ly call 
nna mfiixransn aiS'/Itttt tit qunift-tni^ My money was 
alinotit entirely eshau*ited; and I was grimly resolved 
not in wrilc to Dickens for another |>enny until I had 
aecomplii^hei] a certain amount of labour. 

I v/aa so comicatly »bort of ca»h that at the 
beginning of each week I used to lay in a stock of 
brend, sufficient to laat one for four days — it ffr?w 
too fltttiv to b« eatable on the fifth — and this, with 
a slieo of Dutch clu-iMt, a &w atau^i^v-S with a cold 



Imrd-boiled egg every inorniDg, completed my com- 
missariat. I could get cigars at a halfpenny apiece; 
and l>esides, in those days, pipe-tobacco in Belgium was 
ridiculously clieap. That is still the case, I believe- I 
was never much of a fimuggler. You cannot smuggle 
anythiug without feeling a good deal of aDxiety, and 
anxiety is precisely the thing which people with a 
nervous teniperament should strive their utmost to 
avoid; still, I never come nowadays without a box of 
right Cahaiias, Hitherto I have got my "weeds'' eofcly 
through the Belgium Custom House. But to return to 
the question of the "provaod/' The Belgian beer, known 
as faro, looked bright enough ; but I found it so 
hideously sour that I could not drink it. Wine was 
altogether beyond my means ; but milk was cheap and 
good, and 1 was always safe, at Brough's, for tea or 
coiTee in the evening, and for a glass of something 
stronger later on- 

My own domicile was a little hit of a bedroom, 
four storeys high, in a narrow street behind the Town 
Hall, My landlady was the worthiest of Belgian 
blanchiaseusea de fin^ who spoke much more Flemisli 
than she did French, and to whom I covenanted, on 
my first coming, to pay a month's rent in advance. 
That preliminary disbursement — the rent was only five 
francs a week — gave me infinite serenity of mind. No 
luan pursuits are intellectual or artistic can be 
liappy if he be in arrear with his rent. 


f U) 



Rom Jknhl— rn Soairiph nf a I'DblUh^'r^-A ILuftnrr* vitti Mr. ^Villv iind vtLh 
DIdEm*— f-Mmaltlng ^It. Hrrry Aame* — linalN of th^^ T!ii«^Ln Trl|i— 

ChitHli^rJM^ by M^^ Ciitlyle— Tha M'rifofM fi'uvf, 

In the middle of November I returned to London. 
I had ^irodiiced a good di'al more raanuHcript than I 
tbought would Mow trom my j>eii during a given 
period: and I tliuss felt jUAtiTied in writing to Mr, 
WilU for u tou-|>ound uot^ to pay my expc-n^oi^ honii? ; 
und this enahled nie to pay my fare by Lille and Calais 
to London, to buy a ft'w bookH atul prints in Ttrti^'u'K 
and to nrrtve at l4>iid<iu Itridgc with a cmiple of 
aoTCrcigns in my pocket. On the evening of my 
arrival I went, first of all, to soe Edmund Yates and 
his cliarmin^ wife, in Douja^lity Stre^^t ; and the nest 
morning I w^nt down to Brii>litoii to my moUier 
d my hrotlier ChaHoM. Hiluroin^ to town m a 
day 4»r two, I weot t-i Hmutrhohf Wonh oflite. to «w 
Mr. Willrt, who, to my great joy, told me that tlie 
"Journey ih\e North" wan u distinct nucces.^, and n 
day or two afterwardE^ Dickeup arikt'd tm? to dlnniT at 
Tavif^tock HiiUfte. I al«o din^^il with Tliucki'ray, in 
Onslow Square. Both ihrne grent writers ur;;ed mt- to 
\iysih no time in neguttiitin^ for the republieatioit of the 
"Journey" in hmfk-Wm, Nuw, nltliough theiv are 
not many UiiiigM of which 1 nm afraid, aiid 1 bavi.^ 
confronted danger in a hundred forni;^ all over the 
world durinij the last forty years, I have ulwaj-s been 
the timidest and moat irresolute of mankind in my 
trauHaetionfi with publiahera. I keep my books aocu- 
rately ; I |my my wiiy - but 1 have veuruely e\er 

8M salas urn AXif AjfyrsrvHiSS. 

b<vu ftuccf'ssful in my 5wiHn^ with tlie commercial 
d^s€<-ndarit> of JU'riiimi Linti>t iini) Jftcr>U Toti«on, I 
have vrritt<*ii i^om^ two-icoun? book^t; and Umi I Imm 
gifted with an ordinary IjiHiiiess fiiculty of tim kind I 
hhauld lit* Ijv t1ii« timi* a we^Lltli^ man; &'moe only a 
pnrtoF my lifi.^ Iiiui U>«n devoted to liUMatiin^; am! for 
the last tnirty years. Ly dint of uorcmittiD^j indtisirj, I 
have derived an ample income from daily juurnalUm — 
an income whicU ha^ never bien reckoned in leBtc than 
four fi;;iin'i; It iv r>nly nince the br^inmnt; af thU 
year [1^114) that I \\nvc liwl thi> Hd\'antai^« u[ ih«r 
assistauofi of a thoroughly int4»1ltgient and trustworthy 
agent, Mr. A, l' Watt, »f Norfolk Street, who has 
succc^f^illy camW out on xuy bchiilf [hiaEicial iiimni^r- 
incnts with puWisIicrs over which I should myself have 
hopelessly broken do^vn. 

I had just contmiin nenAe enon^h, in 1 SdO, to he avcmre 
that i£ I pi'r*oimUy trivd U> *ell the o»pyriifht of the 
"Journey Due North" I »4h<>uld make a Itimentahh- 
me» of the entire affair So I wr*ite t*i my hrather 
(/liarton to come up to town to jiiill throng'h the basi- 
u^-^^. if he cuuhi It hrippoi^od thut \rhen he waA a 
clerk in the Tithes CommlssionLT?; office nt Somerset 
House he bad had tor a fellow-employee a certain Mr 
(leorife lEoutledj^e, who afterward^ went inln bitsi»e«i; 
in S<>}i" Sf|iuir*' iis » mailer of eUi*;ip Ixuik*, In Uu^i, Ihe 
lat*^ Mr HoiitleJi^i', whoso int^Ilif^enci*. sthri-wdnewi. and 
probity pU»^f^d him on a par with the bite Mr. W. U. 
Smith, wa^ practically the inventor of tho sbilling book, 
of which 110 many millions have been sold during the 
l^^t three decacfes. In 1H50 the linn had U*come 
Warm* <uid Itontted^e, mnl Inul its officer In F:4rnugdon 
Street., K(I-, iilofM? to, if not oetrmliy on part of. the 
site of the old Fleet Prison, Charles called on Mr. 
(xoorti^ Koutled^. and renewc^d \\U ac<]u^ntanoe with 
bia quondam fellow-islerk; and the very next day be 
told me that the linn had agreed to purcbaHC the 


J JU^usvujiSTJNJjjyu witu muKKss. 



"Joumcy l)ne North" for the sum of two hnndrf'fl 
and tiftj poiindj^. 

Two huinlppd and fifty poiimls \ It ^va« » forttioe ; 
it wiM a Fft?f.4^luft siutcK-nly pmuii^in^ to roll Miroueh 
the normally iii»(^;tvyury <?1)iiuih'1 of tlit* Fleet Dib^h. 
Two btindreJ nail firty poutid^i ' I liiul never set Imiu1>( 
on !iuclj a hnii]! hum Niiice tlip days of my ;iH»U(i-brief 
irrandt'iir ami d<*cjnlfna^ in iS'jO, IJtii now I thuit^lU 
I mnst be pTudcnt. I'Ycn to warine^ss. No more bandunn 
|)ockct-liandkcrcliicfs> No mow htarting; of magazines, 
ConHcrviitivc% l-UiTTal, or Tladieal. No morv esjioditions 
to Che CoTktiiwnt, to break tlio bank at Aix-lu Cbapollo. 
AlnMMcliur! AbtitKcliarE What liml I in my baski-l ? 
I qimn-L-llL'd with Dickf^-us Wlu'H. fourteen yeurs arter- 
wardti, be died» [ wrote a notice of liiin in tb*^ htiih) 
Ttyftyrtifih ; nuti shortly aftfrrwanlN this iiotJcp, coiiKidiT- 
ably oxpaiidcd. waft rc-publislicd hy Mrssrs. Cieoi^e 
Routtcd^e uud Suiih. of the Hroadwuy, Ludt^ute liilb 
It ft"** a sbillinjf booklet, wbieli luid an immense sale, 
and it is uiy\v — «c* the booksellers' catahit»m^a tell nn> — 
KEumr^, und Kiiiii^whid <<iislly, Ko^v in this trith* T 
made a {Ais>;tiL_i^ allusion to my [ni^nndprHtnndiTi^ with 

ickons early m iS57 ; and, moved Ijy 1 hop** not 
un^neroo^ impulse, I added that in tliis frnd I had 
be«» in the wrong. 

I rffvori'd tlic writer ^iid I Iov«m1 fhe man. But nt a 
time when the frvHW luul scarcely closed over him I dis- 
dained to siiy that l»e Inid been as much in the wrong 
da I. A spiti^ful (sind, of course, jinmjvinousi vxxWc in 
an evening paper tor which 1 h;tvc t^io much contempt 
to name it, went out of bi^ wuy> while profcs^itif; 
to review a work ot mine entitled "Thinps I flate 

een and I'eoi>le I Have Known," to say that ]>ieken8 
'uras very kiua to me, and that it wa^ at bis expense 
Uiat I wmit lu Hii!(HijL. ('Iiarlrs Dii'.keu* was kind to 
in:finy more yonthfnl authors beAJde.s myself; and he 
was for tivc ycara exceptionally kind to mo, for the 



ttOBOn that lio had knf»wn me in my 4^arly youth. 
Butv confound it! 1 gave him malt for \m tneaK In 
the course of ihos**- hve years 1 wrote nearly three 
h*ir<lrrd artioU^ for Hot/st^M Jfarih: ami 1 was 
FiUcli u dullard, so maladroit, ko blind to my own 
int**rest, that between l!^5l and my return from St. 
Petentbiir^, 1 nevtr soiij^ht his permiHSton to re-puhlish 
one of thtu^f' pajiri'Tt. Ak iu i)if Kiftt^rnrnt of the* lijiil^fiil 
critic, that i went to UiL-^ia at Dickens's cx|xrnftc, 
there is in it a supprcMion of truth wliich is more 
than II sui^^c>:(tion iff faJ^ohood. In the last letter 
whieh ho wrot^J me l»efore he went away, he said, " You 
tihalt have the means i>f tnivellin^ in C4>mfuTt and re- 
spectability." I drew a wriaiii sum to defray my 
ei|ien:ies tf> St. ^tewhurg; and there I found, at 
Men-Hrs Siirj^lits, a monthly crt?dit of forty jHiiiiidTi. In 
alh between April and November, 1 received the sum of 
two hundred nnd forty pounds, eight-tenths of which I 
Hp(*nt in r^nljwiHtpiice and tTiivelling outlay ; and I hinded 
in Hntfland, uft I ha^c said, with two pounds in my 
pocket. It lu^^icrtlly ft^lloww thiit if I went to Kumial 
lit DiekeDfi'si expMise 1 wrote the *' Journey Dne Nortlt 
entirely at my own. 

Where 1 wa*< to blame in the matter waft as foUowa, 
About Imlf'Q-doKeii papCTf- remained to bo written to 
compleUf the plau of my " Journey/' I wo^^ disMtisfivd 
vnth what I considered to be the unj{L*neroiis treatment 
which I had wceived. I founJ that I could earn at 
lertJtt ten iKkiimlH a week by wurking for Henrv Vt/.i^ltrHy, 
and the clelivery of the last half-ao^en chapters of tlie 
*' Journey " hung fire. Then came a coolneM between 
myself and lir, wills, and then an opoii rnptwre. I 
demanded payment for my travelHn^ expenses ; aod 1 
WHS referrei] to one Mr. Smith, a solioitor, in Ooldea, 
Bquare, who informed me that 1 had received the sum' 
of two hundreil and forty pounda, t^ aforesaid, as 
full remunerati^^n For my service*; that I owed the 

-i MlSaNnKHSTASlUN^i Wmi DWKf^m. 


j>roprl<»fory of Ihusehottl WovJt i\<\i\im\f, and that they 
ovvM nil* ii<jt1iili|^, Btit i">w I roJUi* t(> Ui*' cruelli»!*t 
part or the buNinexs. I a?iWl Pickrns'^ |)i*rinis»tnii to 
re-|>uT>lisli ilip " iluurnpy Due North" and tlio otitrr 
eflsa^'H vrliidi 1 had coiilributed to Uou&ehotd Worth. 
Tliat |iomiifision— jvUhoiigli lie hiwl already ttilviwH me 
to liA^tc' and republish— 111' po^iitivcly rt^fus<Ml to ^mni 
So away into tlte darkei^t of nonentitieti went tlio two 
hundr^l and fifty pounds which Messrs. Jiontledp^, 
Warne ar^d R-nilli-di^/ «xTf» Uy jKiy itnv 

It ftnpr.m^d that, i\s the law of ro]>yright then *tnod, 
I bad absolutely no reioodyn 1 was too poor to pay for 
coansel'd opinion : hut my friend " Biliy " Hale, son of 
rchdi^acon HiiU\ .^onuTtimc^ Master of the ChApt<T 
ou'^i put my mJAL'nible little? coKe before Mr. Henry 
(iiR^TwardH Sir Henry) James, then u young, but riain^r 
IwiJTister, who Icindly went me word that tlie proprietor 
of A periodicjil hail the power of putting an embai'go 
on the republication of contribntioui4, Mj\\ti^^ a e»peciul 
nj^ement to the contrary bad been made. I might, 
perbups, have fought the nmttpr. since Dickens knew per^ 
fectly well that I was in treaty with Routled^, Warne 
and HouUedge, Rut 1 wiiv iiidlgiuint and infirtitii^d to 
th« stagp of dtKgust : and so gnv^t the whole thin^ up. 

The worst of it was that I waf* rr'g:arded by my 
fellowmeniljers at the Savage (Mub a^ an unnntigated 
young bore. I wae too full of lIudFtia. They did 
not want to hear, Tuorninf;, uoon, and nigbt. about 
th« Nevtikoi Penipf?kt and the Bolsehoi Morekaia. 
Tliey were net intei-eated in the Gostinnoi I>%'or, 
and did not care twojH-nee alHuit CApUIn Oin^hiA 
Kh&u. of the CirciMsiaiift of thi-r Guard, or Ivan 
Ivanovicb the moujik. My HusAian trip did, indeed, 
bring me one rather bnght promise of patronage. 
Mr. Cheyne Hrswly, son of the then Lord Chaneellor 
of Ireland, and editor of the Dublin Vaivrm/y 
Mngaxw^ wrot^< to vkn^V if I would writo for that 


SALA\^ Liyg ASD ADvxyrcHMs. 

periodica) a «»rie^ of pnp«rs. to be etMe^ " The Shr^-ts or 
tbff Worlil"; aoil [ ToolUhlj promiA-d to do ^ ; but on* 
long I dUnovered Umt I wa^ wholly incompetf^nt to 
pt^iTorrii lite tujtk, and «» o^ave i^ up. What did I know 
of the KtrcL't« of Lhc wurld mi 1S5i ? I Iiail just 
wandered about Loudon, nnd L^ariit, nud llrigliton. I 
bad had a glimpse ot ]lerlin, and a peep at Copen- 
hagen, but th<^ ixonaiuder of tlnj tborougnfaivit of the 
world'» cities were moet unknown io roc> l^mc balh iu 
revouffeTi, and mim^ came, in tbt' matter of th« " Journej 
Due North, ' and my other embargoed articles in 
Sioitx^fiiiiU tf'urtiit^ itAiftly and comieally enwiglL Per- 
h»p!s I err in ■'ullfng it n rivf^n^^ at \\\\; fur I nev^r n'jw 
rindictiire ; I loved and udiiun^d Uickcus with all mj 
heart ; and at tlii^ distance of time I feci convincfrd that 
having had no i^xp^jricuw of the Special Correspondent, 
win* iu 1S57 waji alraoet a novol personage*, he faih^d to 
me th^it I had any claim to tnivellin^ t-xpen^ef;. I 
h:id diar^ed him none 'wXwu I repeuk^dly *ient him 
artu'leh {uww Paris, from the North of Kngland, and 
from hvliind. Why i^hi'tuM I bo paid, so be may hare 
leasoncd. for truv^^llin;; a conple of thousand miles? 
But I niU8t net flutLcipatc 1hin;;8. 

Little by little I found out that my Rua&ian trip, 
although it hail been financially diaaMrc^us to me, had 
in ntluT ri-!<L>i'clv done lue an upprecmblo aiuotint of 
good. and uditor* Wgnn to know ivlfco I 
was and what I could do. Dr. Macauluy, whom 1 atill 
T^oicc to uumUr diiiong my oldest and tuo^ valued 
friends^ suggc«t4:d tJiat 1 t^hould write for the Lmure 
ffour, of which ht* wn« the odiU>r, a *eri<*sof artiahs on 
Kocial life in London, to be illii>jtrated hy a young and 
clever draughUnian on wood» William McConiiell. 
Finally, Tleitry Viiti^ielly iuld nii- Uiut he would give 
tue its miicli work ua ever i could uudrriakt on %hc 
I/ituf/fuM Imm: and cncomtiged me to write in that 
paper a novel called 'The Baddington Peerage/' 0£ 

a UiSUNDHii^sTAyDiyG with dickexs. 


ouunse, James Hannay at auce ttubbed it " Tlnf PiwU 
dington BecRftge." It wa^i subsequently publisln^i ia 
thnr-voluinr form; imil I cinidHtty t^onfensi^il in Mia 
pivfiice tliat it was ttbout tl»*j worst miv*?! rvrr pi-i^ 
jietmted ; and re-ivading it, at Unghton. mwrc tlian 
Uitrty y^ars iiEtertvards, I .saw no retLSon to alter niy 
origiuut oi>iniou 

Them was nc plot to ^peuk of in " Thv Batldini^toii 
Peerage"; filthou<;l) the mcidentscompriBedut It-u^t one 
murder, a duel ri »w<>r/, an incendiaiy fire, and a suicide. 
TTierft vfiia iKi cliiir^te-r wiirtli iiicntiiHtin^, l»f.*j"ii<l -A 
rdomouH tn«rdicjl istuiti^iit eiikI ei wkrkci] iIucIickk, ThU 
UmenUble roma.nce ocvfrtliclo^sa obUiat'd one distinctly 
fiLvoural)lc' renew in the .iihi'iufimi : und 1 wub&eriaently 
U-anitd that thi?retfii;wur wil^ Mins Ot?riddiue Jutt^bury, 
tht' iiitimiiitc' friend of Mr>4. C\Lrlyle. The lo^t-niimed 
Udy I never snw; yet sometimes, with the fatuity of an 
oUI man, I t!hix>Ht» to please niyjielfhy funcyiii^ t.liitt nbe 
had Rta^I my tMi'ly wnrk^, uml hliat i\u'\v pcriL^^if liiul 
led her to form an eslimutf of my cup^ity, comiuuni* 
cat^l to mc by the late Jamca Lowo, editor of the Crific^ 
who had heard it from her own Hps: — '' Butclier'n boy. 
Cart. Pony. Oocs on whistling* Plenty o£ ini?at." 
T havo lUtt'iKtd to wme llowiny thini^ about mym.'lf in 
my time ; but I 3ivi?r that I never derived such gmtili- 
cation from an eulogium a^ I did from Mn*. Carlyles 
litinile of tlii^ hiitcher*!* buy wh<i hiwl plenty of meat in 
hb curt, tmd woa always whistling. 

Vizctclly sold the Iflmfrafcd Times to Mr. 
Herbert Ingram, SLP. for Boston, and proprietor of the 
I/favfrnhd Lunthn Xi'iM : and immediatifly aflerwurds 
aitiirU'd a weekly illuvtratod periodiciil, called Tie 
ffticoffir Gurtf. It wjui at the out?iet a mo^t brilliant 
aoG^ess. The ftUcr tir lejifn/ar/r/' wuh a uovf] vaUhA 
"Debit and Credit/' a braDslation from the Uernnm 
of au*tav Freytug's "Soil nnd Haben/' Then 
Frederick »nd James OretJimood wrote iu eollabo- 

ration a powerfnl vorfc of fictioBt mtitled " Under 
» Clood," which wv ilhntntnl bj Hablot E. 
Browne, the faole and hmnoroas artist wfao also 
illiutrated mj " Boddington Peoage " in the JUmiraUd 
Tiau*, and a little book I odc« wrote, called " How I 
Tamed Mi%. Cruiser." Cmiffcr was the ostensibly 
incorrigible "btidkJQmper," whiefa was ultimately saV 
jugated by the £unoos American horae-tamcr, Barey ; 
and my " Mrs. Cmi^r " was a lady of high spirits and 
maddening perrer^ty, who was at length made qoito 
meek and mild by scilfnlly jodiciuos treatment on the 
part of her husband. 




Vo*— <-Tttina Ki^iE*^ »>ul »it 4 ■ UQ*(jU-iao-dtFini " 8Kop— E»iIy LoBitiua 
Artkl**— IfidcBD*'* 14ikHtrt] wiLH IStwlbmr ^tvi V.^mja^AU tU Jrrr Rtmnd 
«Bd Omt d JlWl'-A DviitiUtiQin on tin IVpii Dulv— Thu 'jroml I.i0fd 
DcrbT— Tbe {Jhup iVw Vni-lf ^ fnju Ago^- F])ia^ ktition- ti "— ICcwn- 
cUllDolt Tfth mntonn— AnE'thm Atl-miil Xa Mrynk Uiu b><Flf~A Ti^^u'i 
Hvrfn* iind Elft QwiinqiiBno™— " M«b^ YoJit *"^i»nn" — -Twtr* l^nin<l Iho 
CL«k "— EJiuQiiJ YcbM ga Uli Enilj IniL*:jtl4<Jii#— A !I«r'l !>!>''• 

--DiJt.^rviLt II..lh..ilii gf tbo A r. 8Uff— Penny F.ipcn Hold in Ctfalvapt^ 

was in 1357, but I cttQQot remember m what 
ith, that 1 firHt b^g^n to writ*? fur the Daily 
^rtfjJi. [ liavir every rejuou to lielieve thai it was 
I'Mmund Yate^ who vt^A itiAttatueutcU in in^kiii^ m» 
known to Mr. J, M. Levy, uue uf the proprietor* oE 
the then you»^ and struggling journal ; or to his ^l<l(;st 
SOD, now Sir Kdwurd Lawflon, Hart. ; at uU evcnt«, 
either one or the other happened to be struck by an 
aDonyiitouM le;uler of miuc in the Illu^frated Trmcjr, und 
ii^kt-d t'Mrmmd. as liifiiig cunuL^ct^^d with tho pit|ii.T, 
if ht knew the nAnic of the writer. He nonied me. 
Ho did not know where 1 lived — I had a chronic diiilike 
,to let anybody know where I lived— but meationed 
my onlinary " bouse of call." which waa then a tavern 
in Cttthericit Strett» Straud- 

Sir Edward Lawsoa, coming to mc tho other day at 
Brighton, gavt^ me in the course of conversation a 
most liumomu5 dencripLioD of my persoual appeanince 
CD the oce^iou of my first viftit to the utlicej« of the 
Dm'/y Teiryrspb. He said that I hnd got niy?^elf up 
for the interview ; and tliat I was attired m a 
ehoeolate-coloorwl frock-coot, a double -breftnted plaid 



Tolfei waigtooat, trousers of uDOOrUtn hue and much 
short for m«, iind blucber booU. 1 plead gaillv 
[to the chocolate frock-oo«t nnd tlie too mrf puntft*- 
Ioooa; I urlnowWge tlie hlucli^r hoof n ; hut 1 join 
u«u« with my uld fhend on the Mubjcut of the waiet- 
coat. It WQB uot of plaid or of velvet; nor w&s it 
double- breastrd. It was a black camlet xtst, pro- 
fanely embroidi?n?d with bead» and bugles oi jet 
JJow, how i>fi earth did I corae to wear in the davtime 
Burli aij I'ltmoriliiiary Hrliclf uf atliri?? I will tall jTou 
very hrielly. 

J liad two alliw, brolhera, of tlie llehr«w pcr- 
BUiisiou, who w^re ill thu **riSich-iiK'*(U»wii " ur second- 
hand olutht^ line of bu^ aces, and whose Aop vrat^ in 
the Strand, nearly opposite Somerset House. They 
were very worthy, ohligiii;^, warm-hearted people, 
aud over uiul uvur snjuiii hud thuy " riggwl mu out" 
when I wanted to go to the opera or to a nui^^uerad**. 
or when I was a^Ved out to dinner in polite society 
in Jjondon or at IJrigfatmu Wlien ] called at the 
Daily T€Jfyrap/t oflico 1 wiu buitlly off for waistcoats. I 
wanted an I'lEct^ptionally emart ono^ and my Semitic 
allies in the Strand lent me thia particular garment 
with pastanetiterie oi' jet. Ati a matter of fnct> 
however, young Mr, Kdwiinl I-evy and hw ininlt<, Mr. 
Jjionel Lawson, had pn^vioUKly caliod ou nic iit the 
hostelry in Catherine Street, Uien the rendezvous of the 
Savage Club, iinrt ammgcd the day and hour for an 
inta-vicw with Mr, J. M, Levy, who edited the JjarJy 

At first it was only occaaionally that I wrot*> for 
this gre;it itewj4|jap(-r One of my first leading articles 
Wii9« on the going to «*t'R, rs cl mii.l>hi]mi;mj of Prince 
Alfred, aftei'wardfl Puke of Kdinhurgh, and now Dako 
of Saxe Uohurg and (iothiu In those early days, 
too, I remembtr writing a liesci'iptivti article on the 
funeral of Douglas Jorrold, and an obituary notice on 

OS TUK UTArir OF THE " DAii-y VrCLhGHAftfr 313 


I rii; 

uj^nc Sue, tlic autli4>r of the " Mystei^a of Paris" 
id tlio '' Waaderiuy Jew/' 

I think tliat about this limi* I \v;i« f;ini to n-linqut^U 
Uie practitfo of wiuriij)^ "" reacU-nu-'tUtwns " ; for Mrs. 
Wiinl nnil Ikt iUuglitirr itm! m>u had come to London; 
ant] I had tt) see ttipm everj' day ; ami frei|Ljfiitly iAt 
accompatiy them to the oi)era or tlie i»hij'. Tinr v^jj- 
day ol iicr amval Mm GeiK'vifcvc Wnrd culk-d on Mr., 
aft<.Tvv-ard« Sir, Jiilhis Benedict, tu whom e>1io Ikud a 
letter of introduction. Fortunately for the youthful 
cojii/tf^mv. there was to be a grand concert that evening 
sit J^orthumht'rknd House, in tlii' Stmiid; uiid th« 
maesiru — Sir Julius wiie vnc vt i]w kindi'st of souls — at 
once engaged bcr to fiing at the duche^s'^ concert, and 
r n bandiion^e hoDororiuni. 

At another concert, too, that $oa»on did Mis^f 
Ufiievifeve Wurd King. It waiii that of iny mother, wlio 
for y<5ars past had cohr- up fmni Bri^jhton to ^jive a 
coucert either at Willis's or at the Jlanuvt-r Stjuure 
RooiUM. Mr. Kinift Ut<evps >aiig fur hr*r gratiiitoiiHly ; 
Ikocdicfc conductcdJikewiw<- without iW- orrcwur^i -. and 
GcBflviivc Ward sau^; the Ycinstchick soaj^', " f'ot na 
pottii ceh Mfi^hoia" tlit^ words of whiL'h I had trauidabi^d 
from the Kus^. The song, the melody of which i» 
ix» lani'ful a$ that of '* Wa|>pin^ Old Stairi^," wiu 
aftcrwurdM jmblisliLHl hy OraiiUTr, AdiliMun and KluIo ; 
but the literary adviser of the flnii did not think my 
irord& were [lociical enough, so they were re*c£Uit by 
clever Johu Oxeiifurd. the dramatic critic of the /VW#. 
In the autumn W\*^ Wunls went to Pari»; and in the 
wiDt<:r I joined them there, writing plenty of "copy" 
for tlio ft'efcowe (in^^iy and sending occasional leaders 
ti> tho Dfiifsf T'fft/niffJt ■ my pnymattiT t>eing Mr, Liimel 
i^Wfitm. whci iiiul f^otni' kind of IniHiiirs^ ifhitioii^ in 
Poriti, and occupied pleiMant bachelor's quarters close 
to the ISouIfvard de*i ItalieuH. 

It tvi»» in l^j^ that Oharle^ I'ick^na 

rlcrs close J 
had 90014! I 

lantrimoiiiiil troubtor ; and out of tlie^ troubli^ft aro6« 
bis quarrel with Ur^dbiiry unci Evans, bii; publishers, 
I did not kuaw at the ihne aiivthing of ibv rights 
1111(1 wrougn of the matter. 1 wan U>M all about it 
not loni; aftcrwanin ; And 1 say now, jis I tgiid after 
i)ickomi's deaths the secret vr>M no nfluir of mine, and 
that so long m I lived it would never be revc^aled by me, 
1 E«houM say that, beyond the membere of Dickens's o^-jx 
fiitnily, thor^^ are, now that Wilkie Collins and Edmund 
Tilths Hve (font, sn'Anri'Iy amy trttiit^Kliun:^ fif thi'i M-crirt 
hesidfs myself. Om- of i\ur disa^rt'cahlc circumjitnnct^ii, 
t«[iringing iroin an altogether melancholy businejis, w 
the sale by auction of the copyright of llint'^ehM 99'onh, 
ill which Brudbury and Kvans held some nhainv I wan 
present ut the hiiltr ; and tliu pro[x-rty put up oomprised 
not onlv Jloiisehold JTordt, but wiso the Ifouf&icM Biit^% 
;i monthly comj^endiiim of newn, edited by Mr G^ome 
Ho)»iirth, nirki'nw'r* fHtlicr-in-hiw, The first hid whj* m:ule 
by Mr. John Maxwclh an eniTgttic advertisJnf^ agentv 
who chanwterifttioilly observed that he " would give five 
hvindrixl pounds for the lot," Who the other bidden 
were I forj,'et; but the " lot " wa-n eventually knocWl 
down for >iom(L<tluti^ lilce two thoUKSLitd jKfUiitls to 
Arthur Smith (brotluT of AIIrtI.J, suiting on Dickeufi's 

Sfiortly afterwards the great writer began the oonduct 
of a new weekly periodical on the old tVimiliar line**, under 
the title Mf Mr Yt*ar R'}h/iiI^ with wliicli was incor- 
porated lloasehofd Jfor<b. Brudbury and Evans wero 
not to be baffled. The^r determinod to bring out in 
direct riviUry to J/l fif )Wjr Roirrui a new wivkly 
journal of thrir wwn, to Ik- cftllrd OntT a fFeek : 
und thia venture they resolved )»hould be iUufttrat«rd 
hy the very best artist^ of thr^ day. I hnd some flight 
ucqunintanoo with Mr, Honry Bradbury, 1Ji<> tson of 
tho fienior partner in the groat publi'^hiug lirm in 
Whitefriars; and he wrot^ to if^k mo if [ would like 


to join the statT of the new lournal. I replied that I 
should very much likf^ tcf an ho; only that it would 
he a* wt^Il to know i>n what principles tho magazine 
was to b*' (ronductod, Henry Bradbury thert'upuii 
wnt tne a letter tu Mr. Samuel Ltica»*. ii coiispitriunis 
member nf the Thur'n ^^,afF, who had l»'i*ii ap|Knnted 
editor of Om^ a l^'efk. Ht* received nut ci'rdially 
at litH room* in Savilc Uow. Wo talked Tor u bMip 
time on the proapccts of Om:r a Wcg/c : and on HhHkinjj 
liands at parting be observed : " We shall bt very 
strong m science." I do not know how it was; but 
(xiforf I giit HurlinLftoii (.TJudMi* Uu' wurd?^ ^vliitli 
I b.tvr quoted Ix^^an t*i gnite on my ears, Most 
iiMurcdly. I waa never strong on science. In nearly 
vX\ the "ologiea" I am a profound ignoramus; und the 
only "ononij'* that I know nnything about ip; gas- 
tronomy. It W true that now and a^iin wc UK^d 
t** havo a >jci€ntific article in flwm^fmhl H'tjnh, One 
in pnrticuUr in l>!^ol. It was h. terribly powerful 
description of a s(*rious operjtlion at St. Qtioi^'a 
Hospital, in which the open»tinj^ surg^ui wa.-* ^^pokim of 
OA " Br^ukiug into the Bloody ttousc ol Life "—a mag- 
nificont paruphntso of Shakespeare s immortal nietuphor. 
I Ihouj^ht about Once a tf^f^/'i a good many timps that 
day ; and in the end I olocled to lc*t my potential editor 
and hih jtciciicp aloue, M^-anwhile, I wiw wnrkirig very 
hard and efirning a good deal of money on the Dairy 
Tfic^rapk. The enterpn.Hing proprietors were doing 
iiU tbey po9fiibly could to make tht paper both a literary 
and a commercial ^iuccvss ; but to accomplish the latti>r 
»:w tt-rribly uphill work. The paper duty w*»iglied 
heavily on journalism. I had begun by this time to 
speak a little In public, ;md I hud tlie coumgi^ to 
addre?4H one evening :i hin^e jmldiir luceting (^onvencnl to 
protest agaia-«t the taxes on kinMvledjc^. 

Charh.':s Knight, publislirr uirl editor of the /Vwfly 
Ma^atinc and iV^wy V^cfo/ictiiut, l{obert Chambers, and 




iii^' uwn liuml>1c att4'iii[>t at oratory* I poiute^I iitii ttiat 
tlic »nl)' notice that th« Stat« had ever t;Lkeu of Charles 
Dickens wa^t to Aanctiou tiie proat^cutton of the pro- 
priotow of the HoHJ^i^hM Bmigfi by the luloufl Bevitnue 
anthoritii.% fur iwi ulWgod vtolattuu uf tlw ■^tump Act. 
I think tluit the pvo<itxcutioti broke down. I was n 
member likewise uf ^ Jeputation which weot up to 
Downing StnTi-t — n Ounwrvativi' Oi>vertiiiii?iit bt^ing 
in jpowtT — to iiitemow the Prime Minister, tUo Earl 
of Derby, on the subject of th<?fle same paper duties. 

Thi^was D4jt tli^ lute EnrI, vrljo ^ave Jame^ Hauoay 
hiB oonRuliit^f aikI whom I liad tho honour to know 
very well — perhaps; ho would have put me down for a 
vic(f-4:miNu]Ht^, somewliere* say, at the Cruel Islandii, hail 
I beeij arnb!tii)iiHorf«uch a genteel biiniHhrnt'nt — but the 
Earl who, jlh liiud KtiinhTy, was knowu ^s thr '* Uiipt^rt 
of Debate," who tran-nlatcd the " Iliad," and who, in 
€oi)juiiotiou with Mr. Leur, the piiintcr* was rc^ponj^iblc 
for about the drollest opuscule ever put forth— the 
"Book of Nonsenftp." Ihis brilliaiilly'talented noble- 
man wii*^ tliv «0M of tlic K(>o]o>;ii*a1 Harl who had (piilo 
n nn>iiiigt'rif> in hi* pHrk nt Kuowsh^y, ;i)id who, when 
he wiift " snir owerhanded *' by Iho gout, used to solace 
liiniiielf with ii quirt httic cock^ti^ht in hia drawing**^ 
room; and he. n^^xw, was th(^ don of the *' short 
Zrwchwus*' of tho |Ki(rrag<j i the "titurnpy Ix-rd,** who 
married t^ill and «1ini jind f:1ever Mi^s Farren. the 
actreSH. A wonderful race — tlie Stanleys of Lan^a^hire, 
Tht) Priiiir Miiu»h*r did iioi prm:is(*ly turu \i% i>ut of 
thr; room, or bid tlio ini»«seiiger occclenttf* our c1rj»irtiir«H 
by "qaoiting us dowrtRtairs like an Kdward shovel* 
board *; but, to employ the well-known forensic simile, 
he lioked at ur jurtt as Jupitr^ HoAti« might bo 
cx]X'cted to look on cm a>iaeiubly of black-ljoetle:^ ; and 
when oui' talk wa>i at an end, told us in ;i f^w scornful 
MHtencoM that solony as \\^ und IiIa colleiigueii i-eninhied 



in iiin4rrr th^n^ w;l^ ikiL t)i(- nniiiit.i-sli j^haiii-i; of the 
dutv bcin^ &WliKlicrr As all ineii knfTw^ it was 
abolifthed very soon aEttn^vards. His Lordship had 
onlj' made a slight mbta,kc. Who doof) not make 
mUtakes— not alw^ays slight ones? The great Dnke 
of Wi'Ilin^'ton stri'nuou?*ly opposed ponny prttta^. 
Lonl Pahm.pilon ;is hotly npjw^wcd the Sfitx C»r)ul 
Sjrdnev Smith di?inonnced u\^ hiiHot ; and Lord 
lln>«tgliam ^rrAVfly doubted the expf^diency of appoint- 
ing a Pahlic I'nwnitor. 

As for the ehcap prosi*, what would tfio " Ilupcrt 
of Debate" think could h*? rcvinit now the ^lim|)^oa 
of the moon and behold the aristocratic Montin/f Poni 
and thi' grave and reverend Sia^Jard tniniifonni'd into 
penny piipriN ? At. ihf> s:inn' l.iioi', \\\v hnrn>r nnd 
alarm ajnfcssodly felt by the abU^st L'onservutive 
Kt-kte*inen of tho last generation at the pro^p^t 
of A cheap presfl arc quite suscppliblp of explanution. 
When I \vx< a t)cy> the metropolis was pmoiltcalty 
flooded hy unstamped nowspapeis ; :md these wero in 
oliaracter almost invariEihly oiUht viul<'iitly Kjtdii.^d or 
Opt^nly M'ditions- Sonio. hki? the publications of thf^ noto- 
notiA Hiohard Oarlile, were atheistical. Thrse^ |>apcrs 
— obriously impudent v-iolations of tho law — were fur- 
tively diatribnt<:d or wen> i*old iri th(i street by hawkL-rs, 
liiwftl descentlants of the old " ilyin^ utationere," who 
were continually being pounced upon and hated up 
at the piiiifi'-irourts by the ofRcers employed by the 
Inland Itpvennc IVpartment- I jnst rt*mcml>er one 
of tfcest* "flying stationer*/' His name was Paddy 
Somethings ana vrben he was not hawking unstamped 
nevApapcT5, he occupied himsilf with the almost as 
perilous craft of billsticking; for in the days before 
WilliDg and Pnrtington uud Hill, Mwint favour was 
shown to the indu*tri:Lls of tlir pastf^-iRit and the 
donWe-cmwn poster ; and the hoaraing^ beforn 
buildings in coume of construction usually bore the 


Tn]^ cf i[iijiriH<iiiiK-iit Ii^mI itot if»iniH-il Hk aniour 
Paddy ^omothing. He was nrraigacd «t West' 
minster Police Court once for the offence of paatiDg- 
a hag* trii<]<-union " Bread or Blood " placard on 
the eutrunco (?ate of Ap^ley Hou«^ ; and on being acktd 

• whiit he had to »ay Tor himK(*If, itmiU* thii; bold reply- 
" Sluiro I Ntuck it there; heiiI for isix]>enc« I'd ^tick 
one on t!ie .Tnki-'t^ Wtk." 

My reconciliation with Dickeoft was due neither to 

the interposition of " inutiuil frit'iid^ '* nor to the int^r- 

ohonffc of cxpUmitiiiry corro-«'pondcnce. It wiu Riainly 

due, I should say, to u certain leading; article writt«n 

by me in the IJai/y Tele^mph ; but wliat that leader waii 

fthuut iH, »t l.his liiiii* uf i1;t.y, itI)»olutf(*]y of no iiupurLiiti:^^ 

/r/T vir'.t writ'.*!* Hmiorfi de iiainac, rsl imfWMihh tLtinn dr 

ffrfint/jf oufjiiJi vVt all tvcats, Dickens took t!ic cmbcii^ 

off tho '' Journyy Duo North " and my ivinaiuiui; pupers 

t, in UQust>!utId Words: and the deadlock was at an end, 

P»Thia was in the ^mnruer of 18SS; and I emoy^Ml 

tilt* rencwf'd friendship «f Dickena and worked for 

him in tli** colimnijt of AJi tkr Ymr R'mml until his 

death in IS70. But it wai* all vury well to find my«^lf 

tho potiscsfior of the copyriffht of the "Journey Dtte 

Nortli," It waH quite another matter to find a pub- 

lisher. The firm of Uoiitledge did not see their way to 

Teui'win^ their I'liSL'inatinjf offer of IIk* precedirjj year. 

iiet*icies. they weiv puhltsliing William Howard liusMwil's 

"Diary in the Crimea/' which was selling by thouftatidtt. 

After much casting about, I succeeded in Helling the 

"Journey Due North" to Mr> Richard Bontley, the 

fiither of the prt^sent Mr. George Bentley, of Now 

Burlington Street, 

It wai4 but n very kuijiII Kiim that I ohiaiued — 
Something under a nundrcd pounds — hut it waw 
agreed that I sliuuld receive a nirther sum of seventy 
pounds in the e^'cnt of the work going into a 


av TUh HTArf of ruts " j>,i/;-if TKLi^aHAtiir ^\\\ 

t^ccouil vditiQii. 8u, littviu^' corrocUnl Uic jjrauf;^ and 
OTTBUged with Mr. Julmu rortah— a clever ytiiuig ortiat 
whoj as corrtsjKindent of t!ie JifuMtraied Timta, had 
Pftnird tlirimi^li the Crinieau ca^inpalgii — to iimke a, 
druwiiig of Llir Nt^v>ki>i t4j wx\4^ ast & fronbispiucc for 
iDjT " Jourucy/' 1 thought tliiit it might be pcrmiflAible 
to eDJo; a brief autumniil holiday trip ; and that trip I 
elected to make in tlie comp&ny of ray fmnds Henry 
Vi:£4^teUy ^Lnd Au^uf^tus Mayhew. Oar bourpe woi^ 
Hombur^^ then the Mi>nte Carlo of Germany, and our 
purpoi^u waK obviouxly to hn.'Hk thf^ tmnk : »nd to airry 
out that ambitioUK Echeme we each, in American par* 
laiice> "planked down'' the sum of fifty pound**, Viz^telly 
luul liu " infallible^ ity^item "^tlie most lufuUible »yj»tcm 
that cvtT was known for winniiijj at /■off/c//^'— and wc h 
bound oiir^olveb by a solemn league and coveuaot not ^H 
to play any but ibis same infallible system; which at 
ihia prevent wiiiiii^ I look upim as perhajis the nit^t 
idiotic of thi? innunn'rabk* ami imbccik >ystemrt rvolvtd 
from tW distempered brains ofgainblors. 

Our system bad nothing to do with the nunibcra 
on the rouMte tablo ; we were to break the bank 
by the foUowiug dc'li^htfully tiimplo moan^. If a 
colour, or odJ or even, (»r over or unil**r L'i^hteen ^aiuvd 
twice, we were to In^t tigainHt It; doubling our staki^s 
il" we lost, and continuing to double the stakes till 
we woD, We travelled to Jloraburg-von-der llohe via 
Koitei'dain, Cologne, the Khine, and t'ranktgrt, and 
enjoyed our«cl?e»^ hueely. Vizetelly had no ^i(l of 
iougixm at all beyond his own. Au^u^tus Mayhew 
ww« colloquially fluent in Frt^nch ; but be deelined to 
Gonoerii hini«?]f with the Teutonie lan^ua^'i-, which 
lie detiued aa ** Welsh with an occaTiional smerJ'-e/' and 
my ovrn UeToian was, an it hoa ever since been, very 
bad ; but we inanaf^ed te ^tt on very well in our 
progress through the Fatherland. Viaetelly iucked 
ftverrcd that it waa quite possible to travel aou procure 


all tbal oDe wanted by the use only of two words : 
'^ Kftttft Jffifta ^ '* Thus: Can man; wine; water; t«a; 
museam : theatre ; church : bed : and the rest. 

It need scarcely be said that our expedition, in a 
financial sense, was a deplorable fatlnre. We did not 
break the bank at Hombui^ ; but the bank broke us, 
not swiftly, but ^-iih playful procrastination, snch as is 
used by the cat when she sports with the mouse before 
devouring it. For about a week we adhered inflexibly 
to our infallible system, and won about seven hundred 
pounds; then luck turned a^inst us; we were unable 
to continue the reduplication of our stakes, and in the 
course of one happy evening we lost five hundred pounds. 
Then, by mutual consent, we let the infallible system 
go hang ; and each of us played according to his own 
fancy, Gus Mayhew devoted himself to the cultivation 
of black and the dottles derniers ; Vizetelly, with a 
cautious head, worked — yes» literally worked — from 
11 a.m. to 6 p.m. every day at the (rente et quaranfe 
table; and I a4lhered to roiiletie^ backing the numbers 
thirty-five and thirty-six and zero. We had varied 
fortunes; on some nights we dreamt of thousands of 
pounds piled up in silken bags ; of diamond bracelets, 
horses, dogs, and grounds, and alternate shower-baths of 
Heidsieck's Dry Monopole and Jean Marie Farina's Eau 
de Cologne. On other days we borrowed gold Priedrichs 
from one another, and ultimately thalers. In eleven 
days we were all ''stony broke." 

From our first arrival we had adopted the same 
system of paying our hotel hill every morning; so 
that all we had to do when our insolvency became 
complete and hopeless was for Vizetelly to get a 
cheque for five-and-twenty pounds cashed to pay 
our travelling expenses home. In due time we landed 
at Dover ; and the passage from Calais having been 
rather a rough one» we thought we might as well pass 
the day at the venerable Kentish . watering-place ; and 


SO bjul our Itij^^ tmnsfcrred to tht' Lonl WarJea 
Hotel, where we ordered broakfast Tliciv wru* a copy 
of tlw Times on tX\^ tuhK- ; uml tlu' tir^t tiling whica 
Hnick luo 4>n ogirtfiinf^ thut inlluentJul lauriial, was a 
Tpvi«iw. 'A rohiDiti :tm] a Inilf in Ir^ii^'tli, of mv ^' Journey 
Due Norlh." I had reiul hoim-wlit^re (»f -a rtrfcli Iiri^^TLd 
who» when he iMptninl trnvr-llv^ri^. ni'idr it \\\% iiirrrv 
prnctict' to ortiis'* th-'iii. inv^ptvtivc of wx. to divent 
tIiomscl\**s of tli'^ir :;ariinMils. and to don vr^ry volu* 
niiiioUH Turkinli tmiiM^rrt, fantenod at thi^ ankles, luiA 
made of leatln^r It^^fore those liii^^y veittni<*nt?; Wi*tQ 
fiuleni-d murtd Uii* w;ii.-iU ^if ilie virtinm Mii.* ra^^ctiotifi 
Kli'jiht ni^i-d t*} intritdnc^ jiitu tlu^ ^armt'nt^ thret- or 
four lively young tom-cats wbirli hml hi^nn kept without 
nourbihtnent for rmir-awd-twi^nty hours, Thr phy^ic;il 
•eunatiou of the Itidit^s uud ^-ntienieii ftubjectt^d l>y the' 
d4}>^en<Iant of Cimaui^ to thiK pmctical joke miiy bu mor? 
easily ima^in^d tlian dri;LTLl>9d : but I v?in ima^im^ that 
they sonitf^liat ivȣ-'iabkd the aifouy which I endured 
when T ivjul thiit rt^view in the Tii/tfn of ruy tin<t Uiok. 
1 read and rc-rwid it, quite forgetting my brt-ak- 
fmat. The reviewer be^JUi by ciilUnj^ my pvor iittlo 
productioti " a bundle oi impt^rimenc^s '' ; luid although 
he did not follow the AniJ^ncan prin^^ipleof accurtin^ me 
of haviu^ niunien>d luy ifTaudrnotlur, and stolun cloekst, 
hv vtTi'ut on tu tiiviuimt-i^ lli^t I wa^ an uiioi, a liliidlrr, 
and a isnob. I hnd rtMAon t<> k[n>w aftn wnnU that this 
unconiplimintiiry eriticisro emanated JVom the pen of a 
guiitlem^in with whom 1 vra^ hubsequcntlv on terms of 
intiamte friemlship— t mean tht* late Jomi Oxenford* 
I cAine up to town in the diemalWt of diniipi!; ; and a 
(ow days afterwards I received u letter fnua 111 r Kit*haTxI 
I^ntlt>y. askii^j^' int* to call ni Xt^w liurlitigtoii Stii-ct at 
uiy earli^Tit <'iinfcenit'»ri*. **Tliat mitir*- in the Times,*' 
«aid the worthy bibliopole ^vIr-u I met liim. " hiui done 
ua a world ol good. Thv "Jijiirnt'y I*iie North' hu--* 
gone iuto a second edition, and 1 have the greati'vt 


, tl. 

3*! SAi^'S UrS iWi AO\^ESTVHES. 

jjlt^ofruiT in l)nii<}mg you n cli^^qiK' for !(«vonty prtiiiwfc/' 
TluiK KOiur»tb«iff ^'as eaved out of tW wivck of my 
fwluiieM at Homlitii^, »ii4l 1ji*iii<le&, T forilivritii begun, 
in (lie fiWrfMic (rurtf. ii liinniinni-H narrative of i»ur trip 
and iti leiults, under the title of "* M»ke Vour (fame ; 
or. The Adventures of the Stout GentlemuD, tbe 
Thin Gcntli^mair nnd the Man vntb the Iron Cheii-" 
AufjTU^'tuK Miiyhow w(w the ^toiit ^ntleman, Vizietelly 
was the thin i;ent1(>nian, and 1 dubbod mywlf the man 
with the irt»n cliest, l*Gcauw I hiul hftiiirht, :il a rap- 
at1j<kj> in till* Jiideii^.'^KH^, Fr-inkfurt^ an utd irc»n caskH. 
curidiiKly <<nUH>3^<(iH) with dianintid- headed nai)». That 
cofiki-t i thought would be juKt hirf^ enough to hold 
my winnings in golden Fnei.kiich», An a uiUpttor of 
faot, those winiiin^--to oae Mr, Bob Sawyer's well- 
known fiffLiiv of Kpecoli — might liavf* been put into a 
wiiK'jjlaK-s, iiTuI (.'ovori**! over with ;i ^^iiosflM-rry l^af. 

'' Mako Your Game" firwt apjiearrd in serial form 
in the Wfict/iiir Gtn'/if, and wab ilhistnited by tlie 
peucila of McConnell ;iiitl myAi^lf ; it Vfm eubw- 
^u^ntly mxied in hoi>k loiin. Again, in thi» same 
h'tlrmii' Gu€»l^ 1 wrijte ii fterie*: of iiaj)er« ext«ndiiig 
over a^HJut six months callc^d " Twic*' Round t^w 
Clock : or. The Hours of the Day and Ni^ht in 
Ijiiinlon." It is ahnosi needless* (o say that the idea of 
tliuK cbtonicling. hour by hour, the sbilting |KUionuna 
"*" London life was not original. I nevtr originat^Hl 
ythiiig in my ]ifo, bc^in^ totally de^ititute of the 
faculty of imapinationn The scheme of " Twice K^und 
the Clock *' was auggested by a Httle eichteenih t-en- 
tury book, l>y an anonymouA writer, culli-d "One Half 
tlir Woi-Id KnowA Nut I^uw till* <Jt1i«-r EfuH Livi-s," 
which ^ive a miautc a^'couut of the humcnirs and 
sorrows af Metropolitan i-xistciicc i\\>m midtiigbt on 
Saturday until laidnight on Sunday early in the reign 
of George III, 

This bcHik wiih K'lit to me by Dicktm, to wliom 

ox TUB sTAFy Of nth ■ /u/a/ ruhiCfirui'H" a** 

it bad been lent l>y Tbackeray ; iinJ I surmise that 
ilie former vfon iiK^lined t(» uHk rue to writ^ a series 
ol'^lmilnr jKipfrs, to lip publiMh^d in lioiiJ^fktJti H'urtb. 
The project. Uo^'CVfT, oi the ' JouiTioy Due Norlli *' 
put the notion of writing ''Twice l^ound the Clock" 
Mide^ and I thought ao little about it that I axk^d 
William Hrougb to have a eiiop with me at tlic^ old 
Rjtinlxiw Tu\t'rii in FleH Stn^t^t ; and ntV'r dtinier, over 
a bottle of tlmt very "hi piirt for which the Rain- 
bow wafi then so iustly celebrated, I iihf«lde<l ray 
»clietii^ to him; told him that 1 fiad abandoned it in 
view <»f my imiH-ndin^ deparlnre T-^r Ku^sia, und pre- 
iented him in iVankahnoign with the ^odwill \ji the 
project. Hut Willisim Brou«ch wiis more of a dramatist 
than a descriptive easily writer Whether he be^an a 
b<jc)k [)it tlie ltiie> whirli 1 ha^l laid duwii Tiir Inni 1 do 
not know ; but Im cerbiinly never jniblii^befl it. 

IJy this time — liite in IS5S — I was getting serioUHly 
to work on the Vntfjf Tr-ic^rnjih. The paper wat* making 
its w»y. The idea of thi* prupriett^rn wan that it xiiunld 
bft not only a thurou^hly ei>ni]ircli4<iisive neww|)uper, but 
also a mi*;c<-lliiiiy of humurikiix :uid descriptive fioci;d 
onAySt and in ihe^^ re?>pec^ a kind of daily I//>it»i'6iJfi 
it'tirtf*. Then! were plenty of callable ji>urnaliHl?i ahmit 
town in thoaedayH, much littei- than i wu-* to iinderttikc 
ordinary newt^popor work ; but thL> )«ooiul Ictuler-writer, 
with sironfj Liberal tcndeiiciuK, wns nire. Slnrley Hrtfi>k*i 
uiruld have bL>-.-n the VL^ry niaii t'ur uk ; but he wa^ (ally 
oeonnied on llie Momui^ fht^nititf a** a writer uf liMditii; 
articir-s and ihe parliutiLenlnry Hutninary. An^tiK Kf.'iu^i 
would have Ixrn <|tutc iis wrlcomir as a bri icier- writer, 
bat he was dcud ; aiid Blaucliard Jent>ld, the son of 
Donglan, and one of Uickcns's " yount; men/' had auc- 
eceded his lather as editor of Lh^ii'tt tf'etfklif Xewttftnper, 
Tb* only humorous leaders which had appeared in th$ 
TimtM {t*T many ymnt werr writt^ ri by tii»t jat^' liilbert 
AUwt a BeckotC Tiuy uuderAtoud that there waj« no 


SAWS tJFK jxv jftrjt.%'Ti;ir*s: 

kek of lettered jounmlirta, rooe^tly University mtn, 
who were exccUetiUy vrell qualified U* wrife* what t may 
call the htfory |>oliticmI muI eoonouiie tmdin^ arttcli-«. 
As a nile the political oxw^ vr^re «lavt^hlv ft>unded on 
the antithetu!al style of the Lettvn of Juiuuh, iHrn^il 
oeeasionally hy JmiUtions of Gibbon, of fliiifle, and of 
Mackinlmh; wbilr ih^ i-omi»mir evtssijn n^ro drcarr 
teciaafrto^ Adam Smith and UcCulloch. That which 
the Mean. Leyy ) earned for was a statf ul writer* who 
]x>s9ir'«c<i<-(l. Jitst c*f all a livi^y styb, and who, next. Itad 
M^n fM)pirtliing of tli'< world, l>oth in Louduu and 
I^hm, and who, 6tially< could turn out plMity of " oimy *' 
Frofii these points oT view 1 n^a |>reriM-1y the kiih) 
of youn^ m.-ui for Lh^tn. 

1 did iH-t i^ into society ; but 1 km^w all about it. 
Witli low life I was pcrhuiw nmre conveisant than I 
should havL* been : io fact, as I bave elsewhere hiuUKi, 
it would have been dillieult to have found in London 
town a inoro outmgeouft youii{^ Mohock thau I Lad 
bwii for tliM pawt five or »ix jesin*; but. !in<iiig that 
I am about to celobrata (D. V.) my KiJciy-^ixtll hirth* 
day; that my hair is uuhlaiiched ; that 1 have n good 
appetite; that I nm only jxiilially deaf and partially 
blind ; and tliat 1 can work eight hours a day " without 
toniiiig a liiiir/' I am entitled to hint tlut iherf^ u 
DO UHe in nioaoin^ and groaning over the old days 
of ToDi-and'J*?rryisii3, I remember ouce, at :i dinner 
at jHUtr Hihinind Yates's, bin wife iirnpnundiii^ to 
three of her mule gucaU — her husbaud, \)\*>\\ Bouci- 
cault, and rayaelf^the grave Question '' whether wo 
wero iiorry "-^you know what I mean; sorry in tbo 
"all-rouna" senst^, nnreear^'edly penitent, a« Catholics 
muKt declare theioNelveg to bo in u con/m^on yen^rafr. 
Boiuicault wat> the lij%t culled upon to «peak. The 
bri^ht-with-d dramatist — an all his friends arc aware, 
the very model of »incerity and veracity — replied, 
with truth beaming from his expressive oounteQ- 


auc^, that li« wa"* dt»eply, unf**;^nec!ly *iorry for all lii** 
siikiit, Tht-ii t-ariH' my Inrn I iv|>lif.<<l, tliplmnutirully, 
tl*»t I wa» ^^r»^ to DQ »orry. Mieuw fartl qnf Jauiaig. 
Then tb^ ^Irprtrl onPT)' — rpifipmbcr. it was iim»y yraw 
ag;o— waa put to KJmun*!- He lu^keti iit uf* ; lie looked 
nt tJie ladies ; hv- looked into lii« platt\ imd tbtn. bring- 
ing hiH olosi'd liiind il>wn heavily on tlio toblc-ulotli, ho 
said, >iti?rnly Ettid £)<-oiviveIy, " No ! " 

Ab 1 have said, my epoch of idleneis, or comparative 
idlei)t*Hw. 1i»d uoint* j.u a clone ; atid hv tl'*^ nier<!y «F 
l*rovi<lt*ii<x* then- (^auif- over mr a firrc' hiingrr for 
liteniry Itibour and for study : which appctitf, I rejoice 
to ear, ia Htill insatiable, and will not, 1 hope, be 
appeased till I dk-. Xw tho enrly Tehgraph period I 
used to write tw<> lend«rft of fifteen Itiindred word* e:wh, 
awry day savi- Siitnrd;iv \ imd I can record one «perial 
tweiit\'*fonr Iioutk of hard work, in the conrse of 
which I managed to get through the two leaders tie 
riifurrr, tog^tJier witli the private view of tlie XloytA 
Acndemy, the Fimt ^'otiou of the K\hibitiou itnclf. und 
an iiocount of a pseudomonHtrosity e^chibUed at the 
l':ayptiaii Hall, Piccadilly, culled x\\& "Talking Kinh." 
It wjLK Nierely a vt-ry bi^ seal, whusi* niai^iially sirlih^nt 
bark mt^ht, with Uie lielp ■»! :l lihUi^ iiiiairinAtinn, hit 
conjitrued into *' I low d'ye do r " and " Whut a o'clock ? " 
In the evening I went to th*? annUEil dinner of the 
Koyml Literary Fund; and arterivards I looked in at a 
charity lioll at Williit^K KonmM; then I ropfiircd to 
th#» iiiXiay of the iMly 'lW'[^'-ftph, in St. Cienitnt'* 
Imiiv, lo writ*? a*:coiints of both event*, and concluded 
my labour?* aliuut one in the niuroing. 

PItMM- to uiulrnttaud iUni I nerifr rn^Lstered r^vcn the 
rudiment;^ of shorthand; and it wa» tVoin mtrinory that 1 
gave an outline of the speeches at the Literary Fund 
dinner, at whioli t think the Dik- d'Aunmlc took the 
chair Mr. (ilad«t<>ne was also nmou|f thi* fipj?«ker^, 
attd. with thf Hiihlinu' iru]N-rr.ini^nce of youth, I con- 

3» SAIS^' ltF£ jyp AWBSTrUS^. 

d«ii»4rd tW elcxjut^nt orH,tion whicli Iip delivered iiitoa!H)lit 
twenty lineK, Tiruchini^ tlif li^^iliiig iiriJde?*, ultliou^i 1 
lud be<*n tnum-d for six ywii-^ by l>icktiiK in ^tron^ly 
Kadi^al i>nnci|>1i^, or ufc loiw^t in pnnoipli-« which were 
lht*n thoui{ht to be strongly lUdica], I wrote very 
rar^Iv on politics in the iMify THfifjrupk : in fact, th« 
political eK-i;iyit whidi 1 hnvt' com[KH(Hl tliiring \\ Jour- 
ndi^tic iMim-r \^'( inon? tliiin forty yran* would iKit fill 
an vctaro voIuiab of a liundred pages. I have mnde 
many Ifodical ^pi^rK^hrn at public nicetingn, and over 
and over again 1 have been lu-^knl to off<?r ray^cll iw* a 
cundidato ior I'arlifiment ; but I hiivo iu'vet co&Kcntvd 
t" staiidr aiifl 1 have never been a moniber of any 
political org-.inisatiou : Birnply because my RadicaliKin 
hofl alwaynlifen tiiigiHi wiUi a »((rt)U^ lenvi-n of Cuii* 
flervali?<m; aiitl wnr I t^i prolV** iii\>rlf to Iw n 
CoDson'ativc I should find myself, before long, ad- 
vocating Kndical doctrines. If yon have the habit of 
reading everything tliat y<iU conn* across in halt a 
do«on laiiL;iiai;e«, it ii^ with dlfficuUy that yuu will 
rvmain a con^ist^^Tit parti«aij. 

The subjects 1 wnite upiiii in the leajliiig ooluiiin 
(if the /JflfVy Trlftfj'ttpk were, rtai)|iafativi'ly >i}ieaking, 
innmn^niblu. bat they were nearly all tither literary, 
artistic, social, or biographinii. The political d(_*)>artmei^t 
of the paper viai conducted, and admirably conducted, by 
two m«ml>pra of the ^fted family of St John. First we 
bad a well-tried jouniiLliHt, un LUTomgiliMht'd f;eiitlinnan, 
Mr da?iie^; AtiyiiKtii'tSI. .lolin, UH^aiitlmrof " Philowupliy 
at the Foot of the Crofi*," whose povrei-FiiI letters, 
forcibly Liberal in their tone, over the hi^'natiire of 
"(irevilh* Bn)oki-" in the Suftil't^ /iM'i^*Halmo>taclii*-vt*d 
the populurity which \\\\i\ biin ^iiied by the htttrs* of 
- Cublicola," in th*» U'Mfy nUpntrh, "Mr St, John 
had, unhapjiilyp become blind. He wmte two or three 
leoiderit a w(»ek for u* : and his Hubjet^tii usefl to be »ent 
1o him at ont; o'clcn^k in the id'ternoon at his Iioum* at 



It. Johira Wood. Oo« o£ liis 8*>ii?i» Horace St. John, 
wroU' political loadom every day, and wns, bo^icloiit, ii£ 
|in>liti<* a prvnluc^r of" L*upy " a*< I was Another soion 
of tli» St Joliu ramily, Itiiyle, well Iciiowu as ati 
(>ri(»ntal travellpr, was rnir i"(irri'j»|him]<-ii(. iii Prtri*. A» 
Tor Horace, one may siiy tliiit Ir* liail br^cii born in a 
ncvrvpaper oHicc, jii^t as I was all t>ut b^m on tbe stage 
ol atbeatrL\ I roinembcr the elder Mr. l-evy telling mo 
that when he first consented to accept ii leiidiiii; artielo 
for the ^atttiiijf Thiif^H from yoiiii|^ Honu:o St. .Fohn, 
whom lio h:ul not [ircviornily >,{.'rti, tht^ niiiiuiw:ript was 
brought to thf oflicL^ by a lery nice boy, in a round 
jacket and turn-down collar — that nice boy being no 
other than Horace. 

Oiir mo(Ui« of working' were totally different. Horiwe 
St. John would *,\i dowit ;it a t^ble a[iywhere, nnd with 
the lirtit writing implt^inenU that camt' to hand, daah 
off a leiuler in iin hoiirV time, literally scrawliiijf it on 
I ktioiv not hiiw many |i;igfH of fthji-iiuip. 1, on the 
othtT hiind, could nevi*r write anything; worth reading 
9^vc in the niinutc ohanurt^^rs I had lH.rn tuu;^lit to 
trace when I was an engraver ; and I was imable to write 
with any kind of eaho or comfoi't nuless I had my own 
}»i]>er, my own jwns, and my own ink, Hte|iht-nH*3i dark 
blue writing fluid was Lhi; ink spE-i'ially favonn'd by 
I Diokcnn, and his young men usually followed tlicir 
chief in the way of writing-ink. \Vc were orthodox 

proierrLiig iiuill pen^^ to s^toel onea ; and I vised 

jucli )}cn'S for ut lo^k^t three yi^ars after I became 

ngular mi?mber of the rfaff of Ihi' fhtUif T^i^^jraph ; 

it I never could inifiid a pen, and tht« ron^L'i|Ui.*i]ri.f 

that in my cupboard there had acL'UTuulated 

n»any himdn-d.s of iui>I^?v( 4]uitLt. I ahanduned quill 

penft alU>gi^tlier hyx x sutlkiently absiinl reason, I 

chanced upon an advi-rtiiwment in the Afkrn^um^ 

annonnoing that a lady of jxisition wa« willing to 

m«nd any ^ju^iitity of quill pemi lor very moilcrate 


remtuienitioti. \ wrote to tti« nddn'^ giTen, and in 
Mum, I rc^n^ «i nob! couched, I nur say. i>^ » 
Boni€wb»t ibcidtilaU-fl tone, in whicfa ** X T Z/' wriiiiig 
in the tbird peitton, inForme<1 me tli»t tx-furv )die 
(UJiild Dommuiiieat^ hnr trniix U) itie I must tell her 
wlielh^r my reply U> Iier Hdvvrti^*in«nt wn* fleriouft. or 
wiictlirr 1 inti-ndc^ to mulce fun. I put tlic letter id 
tlie fire, und cuv4.' up quill pens. 

I have a little rnore to say with regard to my eariy 
days on T/e Daiitf Td^^eniA. Thero *^xwted, not only 
among tli^- Cf)^Kt*rviitiv<-s. wlio tlioaghl lliiit th^ di^ap 
duily i>rew4 ruuM only bp the prelude of sedition and rr> 
volution, but also among a large nun^b^r of joamalJats. 
ar^d Liberal journaliMfi too, of hi^Oi st4Uidiiig. the most 
violent of prcjndii<ou asjuinst the new order of joiirnalK 
wliioh were URiially coiitt^mptuouiily (sillcd tlie "pcmny 
[nLpeiN,* Dicki'us kim>^e1f, a Liberal of the Liberals, 
exprestjetl but very lidlf •hearted approval of the 
A^itutloii for ihi' idiolition of thr |>;i|H-r [lut.y \ ami it is a 
wvy^K aiituriiti^ fact tittvt mr^mbcrs of the »tiktF:« of such 
txporiMvo Journal a'* Tht Timet, T^f Morning C/ironicte, 
Til' MorfiiTfff PofK Tht Mttrniti^ Ihfatd, niid Tie 
MoT^int/ Jfkt^yiijter, looked down with aver^iioo and 
disdain on the contributonii to the "ponny preHs." In 
thoM' dit\s ihiT*' wjis *i kind of InfnniiHl f-nftrff, oT cltiV 
of tu'\\>piijH'r-mcn hold evi-ry niylit in »n upper room of 
a tavern eddied the " Jted Lion/ in the Strand. I have 
floon William Howard Kti^Aoll thero. i was riwt taken 
to tlii^ Hflrct ^itherin^ by niy frinnd aln-mly nioiitiuneci, 
Henry Uumscy For'^tiT, of T///' Monrinff J'oti ; but the 
vi*t(.'nin j<iuri]iLli»it»i, etpt^cMaliy those connected with the 
lltTuitl and i\\i' Pott^ vt-ltenientlv orotented aifHinst the 

pi^nny |Ht|ii-r 

vonng man known to be ronned^ with u 
neiiig allownl to join tlieni 

Oni- of the motit indtgUfLnt of the protestante 
was the lati* George ITuddor. who ha,d fiomi'thing to 
do with the tt'aH' of the ilvral^f — I think in the police 


rrportingr fleparfmcnt — iV\A who wiis Hie ;intlior oF 
an amaain^ littk book called " New Mominei; at 
Bow Street," illuHimted by, among otherr*, John Tjcech 
«n'l Kenny Mi"ft<l(»W!4, ftnd which wan by no tncnDs un 
unworthy »u(.»C(?fc*or to tlic first :*nd fairtoii^ " Moniiupfi," 
illusttmted by Oeorjje Cruikslmiik. Hear uld ficorge 
llrxlder lived Uj l>e my intunate tViend, and to do a 
giKMl (liral of ii!*<.rfiii linclc'ivork fur uiv, Tlit; drollest 
cpiwdv oE all in coniirctioii witli the horror Wt, or 
profcftftcd to be felt, by tUc c&tablished newspaper men 
at the audacity of the penny joumalit^t piv^huiniug; to 
;LKMOciato with them, occurred on the occa^ion of that 
ft'stival of thv Litcntry Fund, of which I have already 
made mentioir I "did'* public dinners for an entire 
summer »«aALiti ; but tbt* one at whii<b tlitf Due iV A EiniulfT 
presided wu>, I iiiiAgine, tbi^ Hr>t public banquet that 1 
attended in a professional atpucity. It was then the 
hospitable luid pleasant practice of the proprietors of 
the tavern or rooms at ivhtcli publio dinners took pkice 
to a«k the roporterf, when the principnl «p«ak«n; of tlio 
evenuif; bad bad th<rir vay^ to rt^pair to a private room, 
where cigars ami brandies and nod a were provided for 
them, and where they cuubl tranncnU* at k'-itst ii 
portion of tbcir shorthand notei^. The privilege wiu 
one highly valued by the p:ntlcmcn of the Press, 
tteein^ that there wa^ no j^moking whatsoever at public 
dinner*. The Prince ConBort detested tobactjo ; and 
the Prince of Wsik> wm^ wtill too young to be able 
to vivUise upper aud middle class English society in 
th(! way of enjoying their eigan* or tb«*ir eigarettea 
MM sooii afti^r the di-^wrt -i.^ Ihi* lfoy;il tojuts Wm\ 
been disposed of. When, at the dinner of which I 
speak, an adjournment was made to the private 
room, ray w*/5vrc*^-at least, I thought them my 
btvtlireD, but they were not of the lutme mind — tUtly 
refused to admit mv to their company. But the laod- 
lonl, wise In his generation, and knowing Uiat the 


JDaify Telejfrapi was rapidly progressiog in power uid 
popularity, and that a notice in ibs comnuu> would do 
him no harm, put his foot down, and pithily informed 
the gentlemen of the Press that they mi^t go away if 
they liked, but that the priTate room was his, that he 
had invited me — I think te called me Mr- Saunders — 
to smoke a cigar there, and that there 1 should remaia. 
Which I quietly did. 





iJmylirt^it" rtiiJ " IxtoUnB «t lift"— Ni^ht If oqica — I^Antdn 

Riymfcrlfnl, ■ml iU IVron !**in(— Mr mid Mr* "JihialuipJuit "— 

ill luali- uul Vt ]Cr|iii(jl lit Luimmi'— Hotttirtg iJfivn in Bnimptun i^iiinrv? — 
Choioo Diapen^ 

I WAft iiuikiiig ljy t.liix tniinFj a gvotl lU^al oi munuj, 
possibly fifteen or sixteen pounds a wft^k ; sim^ I was 
^ot only writing every day in the /}fif7y Ti^ft't^mph, Imt 
as also a oon^tuut contriUitor to tlio fy<^cmir 6Vtrt/, 
aiid ^KsidcK, tli<t pupun; from whii^h Diekont; luid re- 
moved tht) embat^, were being rapidly repiiblieliud in 
book foTin, and were bringing me pieces of silver 
mid pt<-rvs iif ^iild. [ti partii^ubir^ Mi-snrt. OhM|i]U4n 
and Ifall piiblihlu'd a colkHition of Uit-hc l.■!^^tty^ lender 
the title. 'Gaslight and IJaylight;" and Koatlcdgcj* 
brxiEi^ht nut another batch in ;i nUmt octavo volume 
with tlj<* title, "liooliini^ ut Life." Mt^roover, I found 
a publiufhvr, 1 Toff^tt \i\% uame, for my diHiUitrojiily bad 
novel, ** The ISiiddiiti;ton P^era-^e.*' My namp w;i*i 
now prominently befon? the niibltc, and in no iiu- 
fuvoiinihlr^ liglit. Tliert^ Wji>, [ion~ev^r, a ^ooA deal of 
Uie old Ad^nii remaining in me* iind I "wix^ ^tilt a 
denii:en of Bohemia, although it wiis ol Bohemia where 
you hod plenty of money to upend, instead of one in 
which you are kAU'W in din' &trc--<s for ludf-a-crown. 

The W«ttt Knd of lx;nduu wiw al th« time inJested 
by dem of iniquity, known a« "night li[)UHr»/' wher^ 
half the youu^ meiiiherft of th<* aristocracy might be 
Hf^en iiiglit tifUr night |iaying titleen ahillinga a bottle 


for ^tnr^ttlterTy or rhubarb champagne. Seveial of the 
most notorious of these houses were in Panton Street, 
off the Havniarket. 

The locality was a historical one in the annats of 
London <lissipatiuD. It was late one night in Panton 
Strtret that Baretti, the compiler of a onoe widely 
con?sulted Kn ^1 is h -Italian Dictionan, aoc) the fnend of 
L>r. JohuMjn, Goldsmith, Oarritk. und the Tlirales, got 
embroiled with a J^n.»up of London buHie*, and, in self- 
dl■fi?ncf^ drew his pocket-knife and stabbed one of them. 
The wound proved mortal, and Baretti was tried at the 
Old I^ilcy for murder. Garrick, Johnson, Goldsmith, 
and, I think, Edmund Burke, were among the witnesses 
called to character; and the poor Italian lexicographer 
was acrjuitteiL The verj" origin uf Panton Street itself 
was *' shady.'* Late in the reign of Charles II. there 
wa.^ a notorious professional gambler^ by the n^me 
of Colonel Thomas; Panton, who Lad fought on the 
Cavalier side in the Civil War. One night, at a 
gaming hou:^e called Piccadilly Hall, the site of which 
was near the Criterion, Colonel Panton won a prodigious 
stake — so prodigious, indeed, that he determined thence- 
forth to relinquish the dice-box for good and all. 
Wonderful to relate, he adhered to his resolution ; and 
invested his winnings in land and in building operattons- 
He built Panton Street and Panton Square, at the top of 
the Haymarket, and he died in the odour of respect- 

The modem Panton Street, since the suppres- 
sion of the night houses, and the building of the 
Comedy Theatre, has been the most decorous and most 
reputable of thoroughfares. But ifc; morals were 
scarcely unimpeachable in the year 1S59, and for a few 
yearh afterwards. One of those houses was kept by a 
gentleman whom I will cull Mr. Jehoshaphat. I was in 
his Hall of Dazzling Light one morning about three ; 
I had a dispute with Mrs. Jehoshaphat, tonching the 



champu^ne abHfteen»litlliit<;>j a Lottie. Mr. Jt^iosliapltut 
interleTed ; thftiv wa^ a fi^bt, 1 look tli<* Woor, Mr. 
Ji*hovhit|fhat kiiHE^liiig *^n m^ cliiiH ; ;ind tWn, by a 
clfveriy Jirt'Ctcil hlow witli din l<?ft luiml, tlie fingers o£ 
which were ]>lpntLfull/ garnlshod with diamomi liiigM. 
he ?»p!it my uoae throughout its entire length. Tli«ii 
he dexteroTir*ly nillod m& into thi' fttroot. Fortumitcly 
for me the n^^xt hoa>^4* wiit& uti f^^tublii^luncnt of a 
similar nature, of which tlit* proprietor w^h a oertain Mr. 
"Jack" Couev — alto^etlier, coiisideriiw the equivocal 
prufesaciuii whu^li Iie* followed, iioL iit all » li^d ftdlow. 
Of course, I WiU* hlc<*dinj; VtVf a [^tLf. Hr pick^.nl iii<^ 
up, tied a table napkin tightly roaud iny face, put mu 
in a cab, and took roc to Charing Cro»H flospital. whi^ro 
thi> house surg<*on wwiftly sewed up uiy damage"! nii^al 
or>;an. A« u medical g'^ritlenmii afli^rwunlw mtcciuetly 
obsen'cd, "the Mesh on my no*".' presented Uie Hvpect of 
a split mackerel rejuly fiir the gridiron.'* Thsu Mr, 
"■Lu-k ** Coney took me home to my lodging^i in Salis- 
bury Street. 

I have nfu*n roiui an nporryphiil aecount of thi« 
incident, iu whMi it wiis idatcd timt about ten in tlnj 
moruing 1 despatched a letter to my colleague, Jamoe 
Ilatnuir, u>kiik^ hiui to bl-ikI me foitiiwitli " ;i Kurj>eon 
and a ■^uineii/' A« a iiMiM^-r <i( {-Aft. I.Ik- }^iiiiif*:i mm\ Uie 
^urgtTun story haA bcL^n told by llunEiay of another 

'^y in an article in tlie fl rftfmiitalrr JlvMcw, on 

leraia, before my little catastrophe occurred. 

I have odeu wd that the world is not soch a 
rig village after all. More thun u qiiarti^r of a een- 
iry after tliat noehimuh or nither matutinal alTmy 
in Punton Street, I happened to lie at Melliourn^ 
in the cutnny ut" Vtcloriii, *it M<-n/ie>*' Hotel, thi^ii one 
of th» few re,iJly wuli-m>i»oiiited hotels in the AuHrali^n 
Coloniesp We were waited upon at breakfast by a 
routli whose head was adorned with many Kablo and 
[^gloAity ringlctif, and who told us oonlidentiaUy thut lie 

.v.i/,jA" UFH Ayn JDVKNTnti^. 


FlF«r4>, mill timt lii*^ nMue tvaw •Ii^lkivvliajiIrAt " Kh, 
what?" I e-xclttimrJ; "I tWmk I knew soniebodr of 
Itint n«me f^mc yean ago." " \V». str, jwi did.*' 
roplicd the Tnaiivriu^leted yoiitli, vritli n <>ourit!H>u^ 
bcw; " wJiieli 1 am tW newy of the j^-nllrmau which 
hnd tho honour tu split your conk^pi^n at hU ^t^iiloon in 
PantoH Street '' 

Mr- Jchohhapbat, with his wpll-dirv-ctj^ " faoi*/' 
iiiiatiT^^d with the diainond-rtng^bedii^n^d G^fc, did 
e uncoiiftcioTL-<ly us miieli good m^ it wiu possible For 
one human being iv Ao uaothor My wound hcah^d 
raipidly. 1 think that in a fortnight I was able t-> 
loav<} tho hoE]>!c; but moanwhilc I lind b^cn fberiously 
thinkiiitif MihI it wha alxml tiiiw? lo hid gocMUbye to 
Bohemia. So, n \\*w (hiys* holidsy with my 
mother at llrtghfon. 1 went anci mairifd the girl of 
my h<'artH 1 had known her ever since ^\\e wa* a 
cliilil ; nud I think thiil whrii I n.<kod her to name 
tht' wedtling-clay, whe c»lk>d me "Sir/' whon ^he ex- 
preiiiffd her opinion that the following Monday would 
nr tpuie u iii-'i' time for th*^ wwldiTij^. It to^>k il little 
loit^rr than that ; as 1 hail tn pnn<hiL<i* a licrmrr, and 
Hhe had to reside for a certain nambcr of days on 
the other side c^f tht^ river a whimsical fancy having 
poBtie«Jscd me Uml I would not bo married in the county 
of Mkhth^sfx, 

or win re:iliontif in Southwnric or Lambeth w.? were 
eventually unitetl. I have not the slightest remem* 
branco; but I Inow that vf]wii tiie <«reiiiony wwt 
at an end, shoHty hi-fure noon, tlu' l^^adU* garc the 
hndc away, and tbi* pew-opcner wm her bridesmaid. 
I put her in a hansom, and hade her engage aomo 
nice^ quiet, furnished apartmenU at Brompton. Then 
I walked over Stmthwark Bridge to my work at the 
T>f/i7j/ Ti'!''p'a}th : and t*n my way, at a SL'cond-hand 
bookM'Iier'T* I bought for sixpence a copy of the first 



^ditioD t»f Mrs. GIa^s^**i Cookery-book » of which 
scart^ely half^a-doK4i*ii r<»]*it>'* aiv kwown Ut hf* in ex- 
wtriirit', Ai\A it in now worth 4 i^f-iil. 'Wl of iinnic}'. 
So jou sec I socurod two trcivsurL^ in one happy 

My wife waft fto younc^ and so pn^tty tliat she 
fxpt-riena-il con.^idcrabV iliPiouUy in obtainiiif* Hk* 
nicp, (juiet. furiii^ilied iipiirtTiK'nts whit^h slip KOUf^Iit; 
and, indeed, ^lie laii^Lin^ly tiild me, when I met h^r 
oi) ihi* in<»rrow of tiiir union, lltalr she thoit^M. the 
best thiti^ pHl' could do was to wc;ir our inurriji^^e 
certificate as a brooch. It did not, however, come to 
that pasfi. We obtained the neceflsarj' accommodation 
at a hon^ie in Brompton K^jiun^ ; and, oddly onongh, 
am I liavv ahv^mly naid, tho biidhuly was tln' widow 
of Morris KurneU, thi- uetor, dranmtisi, and mtk- 

W*' Wert' V(*rv hiippv in Ih'oniptcni Square. 
Tlinclccray, ^vIk>. with hin two danjrhti't-^t, livi-d 
in OiiMow 8(|uuiv close by, used to conic and »ce 
Its; and iinothir of our mof;t frequent visitoi>i wao 
Dante Qabnel UosKetti, who ga\c us a photo of his 
wonderful pen-and-ink drawing of Mary Maf^alcn at 
the lioiiH' i^rSimoTL the Phariwei*, I have it, now, with 
the anto^rapli inscription l^i my wife hnn^'ini^ in my 
study; and I am glad to say tne nliotofrraph Iiuh not 
faded. Those who are familiarly cognisant with 
]{o8setti'n work are awart- that for the fa^'e and fiijurc 
of the Magdalen hi' u*<?d two mwUds ; tlio head and 
arms of IIk* fij^ure wore Ktiidtpd frum a deli^^htful 
itrtrrss who i^ still living, and whom I have had the 
honour to know for many years: the remainder wast 
^t1ldie<t from a ty|iirjtlly j)n*- H-tphii^lit^- luuleh immor- 
talised by thi.- urtist in his pwem culled "Jenny/' 

Julctf Janin, tho fnmous dramatic critic of the 
JdUfntiJ fhs Dehaf9. pot into terrible trouble with Iii-n 
jonmalistic eo»/>et"f* I>e^au5e he minutely described the 
oocnrrencefl of^ his wrddinj^-ilfty, and n^nint^d most 


3^6 i>'j/.-r.v LjfE Axn ADVuyTriiK.'^, 

effusively od the personal charms and the sweet character 
of bis wife. I hope that tuy readers will do me the 
justice to admit that I have not been very diSase on 
the subject of my own nuptials ; but as it happens 
that this hook is the unvarnished story of my Life, 
I should be false to the scheme which I laid down 
for myself many years ago, when I first thought of 
writing my Life at all, were I not to say something about 
the great change that came over me when I had to 
work for somebody else besides myself ; and when my 
toil was requited by the devotedness and love of a 
young and intelligent partner. A bachelor must be, to 
a certain extent, selfish ; he cannot help it; he thinks 
of himself in some shape or another from morning 
till night; and selfishness begets self-indulgence and 
hard-heartedness. It is not so with a widower ; he has 
enjoyed the bliss of wedded life. Is there a nobler 
passage in Johnson's letter to Chesterfield than 
that in which he says: *' The notice you have been 
pleased to take of my labours, had it been early, had 
been kind; hut it lias been delayed till I am indifierent 
and cannot enjoy it; Hll I am solilar^ and cannot im^ 
part it; till I am known and do not want if? To my 
mind it is impossible to be really happy unless you can 
impart at least one moiety of your happiness to others. 
Never mind what the pleasure is — a ticket for the opera, 
a bunch of flowers, a new garment, a dinner at Green- 
wich, a drive in the park — it will not be thoroughly 
enjoyed unless you can shai-e it with somebody you 
love. It was ray great good fortune to espouse a pious, 
charitable, and compassionate young woman;, and she 
did her best, during a union of five-and-twenty years, 
to weed out of me my besetting sin of selfishness, 
and to soften and dulcify a temper naturally violent 
and unreasoning, and of which the normal brutality 
was often aggravated to verbal ferocity. 

Another noticeable and, to me» advantageous feature 


in th«> change! tliiii cauii- aver me wa.^ tlial I ix'giiii 
to take a lively- iuten^st in feiniuiuu tUiiigft. Thu^e 
who know m*? arc awnr^? tbut I um tin- vtrv rcvtTse of 
u "Mvllj**; but duriDg the five or six vuars of my 
lioliemtaDism, pov&rtj'-fitricken or affluent, 1 had bef^u 
almoftt witiivly M*ve«4l from the oiJiii|>!iniiHLshiji <*r what 
1 uiHv ciJl " uioo girU/' My d(Mrtv>l ^istLT ha<l dk-J of 
coiiAUmptiou ; I had twu niaiu(*]i GouhiiiH uHve : hut thojr 
wi^re much ohh-r thiui I was, ;iiu\ I raiclv saw thwii. 
My nivLhtr wiu^ iiir advanced in yt^ixrr^ , An^ h^d ^iv*"ii 
up U-achio^, and it was only wlicn I went to $c^ her 
at Bn;;htau that I bud an upportunity of oonvcrsiii;^ 
with Indies in that grade of society with whi(?h I bad 
bt-eu fumiliiir frmn my hoyliood. When I ^ot niuiTied 
iJiy lift- K(^rih(.-d io hiixv put im :iii t'Ni.itvly dIflV-rrnt 
and niduint Imc ; it was foil of Mnsic— for is nut the 
constant U\\k of the woman you lov& the sw^teftt 
ninU>d) tlint u man can listen tu? I ^^rew ititori^nted 
in li^^nnot?; ; I took an iiitc-a<'ft in KkirU^ ^ I h>ved to 
chat and to ar^ue with my wife about her new froirkn 
und mantles. I took In the Fo/fef and the Lafhes* 
Gairftr uf PaHhtisR ; and my suliMfiptious to ihoM* 
jouniiiln led in all probability to my becoming a 
sealouA student of the history of Female castumL\ and 
to vx^ |K)«8esdui^, at present. |>erhaps the larj^e^t collec- 
tion of patterU'books and fa^hion-plateA, ancient and 
modem, of any private man in Kn^lancl. 

When I first went to live iti Bntinpti^n .Squoret I 
don't think 1 had twL-uty l^ook^ in the world If T 
wantf^l any renondit*? information I repaired to the 
rciidjng-room of thf Kriti-sh Mu^k-uin. Cookery, a^iin. 
beakOiG a topic of theoretical and pructiad attoiktion ia 
my young niitrried dayt* ; hut in my uwn case culinary 
(.tudy waa not a novelty, but a revival. lu anotbet- 
hook 1 have de&cribed how my mother eauN^d nil her 
chilJrrn to Ik< tan^ht Ui riHik ; M^iid until about 1<^'>1, 
when my brother Uharli;s and 1 kept hou;^ together, 



viv A'lA all tlic cookine at our lodcriiags in Camden 
Town. Durintr the dark days of the long nightmare 
of Bob^mianism, I did not ((-T^t how to cook, but my 
pulmnry faculty wilv in i\. f^tat*^ of ^it^p'-ndiH^ aniiuatioii. 
AfliT iiiv iiiiirriayc t)ii> cuniiin^or tlu' urciimfj^rrt'oif cami^ 
hiusk, unbiildmi, to me ; and it was oiip of tlie earlw^sl and 
most di^liglitful of my e3cp*>ri(n)c«K a.< a l^-nedict to t^^acli 
Beatrice Iiow to (*ook. The poor soul wna iib?(olutcIy 
ignomnt of the difficult and humanising art. Botislinj; 
a joint, boihnjr a piece of fish, ;jn'inin;j a choc, fryin^f 
a rashor of ImcDnn and making a plain pudding con- 
stitnied thf a^igre^Mtf uT ]u'V culinary poweni. Mnt. 
HnriK-tt's Cooking was «!" onliTiury lodjpfi^'h*>u*c 
iy]iv — that is to say, drtostablf* ; but wc i^oon idlcrcd 
all that. 

1 louglit in the Hrouipton Uo^id u vrry iitcp 
little fftift^rii^ di' etif»htf' umdi* of bn>wii ^Vodgwo<«I 
wau-; and with tint aid of a spirit-hnnp and Kome 
rli:ircn>]i1 (Miihriv wr.> inanai^ed bk ^.*t up tlir mofft 
dainty little repasts imaginable, without troubling Mn*. 
Barnett and her food-spoiler at alL My wife's capacity 
for ccjokin^ d<^v<rlopod witli J4urpri:>inijr rapidity. She 
beeamt*, as tlif year* patisednlon^, a wnUih]*^ foriion hha ; 
and between 1S7^ oud 18$5, when we had a roomy old 
house in M^kleTjburgh Sauare, and I was prosperous 
and could afford to he hospitahle, we eonettc^tad a 
nuiiihor of lum^heit and diuners wliich won tlir ad- 
miration of «ome of thi* most distiuj^uishcd </€itrj/relg in 
London, TIjl' manner of our prot-rdure was as follows. 
I eettled the Mrfsf/. If there was any made dish or any 
sauces witli which sho wa« unaeqnainted, she ask< 
me for information, and I ^.\\v it lier. Tlien shctool 
thnT dsiyi; to "think out" tli*» dinner, Afterwanls 
slio would repair to her laboratory, which was a little 
room overlooking the garden, and which we had htted up 
with shelves, on which sli*? arranged all ht^r condiments, 
her miniaturo stew-puns ami braisini^'pau); and !tauc«- 


poirks, a:nl sin ffntli. Tlie plar^ ram^ to look at last 
iiki* ili^it f^i>Ln>Ntimio librpir) wliicii fniiiiR t\\^ frontis- 
piece to tmf or tlic ^-olumcs of Urimod dc lu lloynii^rc'ft 
*' Almanaoti io^ Oourmandfl," in wljich tli<* articU's on 
thi" Hlit*U'f'r* iirt» Qot books but hums, ca^pon^^ jj'tftf <If 
/w'f* ffrt/t, pot* of oonnerves, bt*ttlt^ oE oil ainl viue^ar, 
ant] oUicr j'ri*iiiiin* omiirortK. lit tliut liilionittiry, 
Htanc]iii^ befor*? a bru;ii1 kitclii^n t'ubU*, aru! iikli^J hy 
one of thft neat^^it-handnd pariourmatdn I «veT koew, 
jjbo used to acconiplisb tlic artistic portion of tlie 
dinucrft. Thi' ingrodk-»ts for tbo iiindo dislics wt-ro 
mixed; tberc was wliit€ stoiik imd then- was bruwii 
stock Kimmering over the charcoal; the sauces w#»re 
all niidf^, labelled, and placed in diffei-ent caHfierfJfn in 
n fiftin iitttrif p;iQ q\ iHiiliii^ wuler; and 'ill MrH. (7o(ik 
in tbf regions Ijelow Iiiid to do wiis to niakt- thp sonp, 
dress th'ft fish and vegetablew, and roaj*t the joints and 
gjime. Wc had a worthy floul, at thirty pounds per 
annum, who ftlayod with us several years; and when I 
went to Australia, in 1885, r^he wiih lit to ho cook nt a 
London club. She used to Le^ and pray to be tauj^ht 
t*» maki* saiii^es jind rntr^eji^ iv\\A when my wife had any 
leisure wh" wotild instruct her: but on tbu orc:vti<m of 
an exeeptionally rechcrcAt banquet, slie herself, and slie 
only, was h fNTaair^. This U4 not a digression, although 
I am wMi ^wari^ that my autobiographical watdi ha$ 
boon going a great deal too fft.<t. 


winch woh Mild to be doing from t^ightocu to tu'ontj 
kiiot^ ;ui hour ; but on tbi> ttft^-niuoii of tbe u^xt day 
a dri'odfiil eat^tropliu occurred, IMnner being over, 
^fUBii' of till' yut»st*i H-eiit on d**ck for Mitokiug or nro* 
4Ji4-iiadiii^ [HirjiEMrh ; l>iiL tliHir- rt*inaitti'd iii ili*^ M^fiit'ti 
Hviiii<Tw)iut numi-ninn body of jiasseugprs, tnainljr 
jounmb'sts. By tliia time the prejudice eDtertaJocd by 
tbe loemberH of the reL'ulur press l^nuntit the \rritcni m 
the "penny {laperct" had begun to subeidc; and my 
coIlea^tj<>« «U|{gij«t^ tbi^i I sbfuild propuf*^ the iK^alth 
of Mr. HerWrt Ingnini. I wjs as ytjt u blundirring 
and confuH^d Hpeaker; still I was beeoming uned to (he 
babijr r>r ^^'ttiag <m my hind legM, I wjv* trilling luy 
h<-aren« how niudi Mr> lii^mnt b^Kl doitu for illustrated 
journidiem, vrbcii u borriblo noific vcv^ audible and th« 
diTinrf'tabk" was Iitter«d with ^plniti-^rs of ;;lftay from 
shuttt-red skylights aud port*. We all rushed ou deck ; 
then* w:m a cry that the boilor of the doukey-eugine 
li:id bni-ht. Tbi^ i*\iMi' w:tH worj&i^ tbiiri tliut, 

Fortunately, we bad no ladli-a on tK:»ard ; but thens 
woA a liandfioiue ladies' cabin through which pn^tved 
one of thi; funnels. To cofd the utnio^pbon:^ of the 
aibin the Aiunijl wat^ onciwed in uu ap|Kirutus culled 
u "steaiu jack«t;" atid the intervt^uing space was kept 
filled witb wat*?r. Lrnfortunately, -da in the inKtouce 
iif tlu' It^du4:lav;h Chaige, " sunieone bail blunth'reil." Th« 
" ^U-ani jiicki't" wwb uiiprovitled with a safctv valrr, or 
if it i'xi»ttxl it wa-i c1o9i*d ; the con^^equcncc being thiit 
the ovcr-hcjitcd wutiT piUf^sl into the state ot Hte&m and 
the "steam jacket' bun^t with a tremendouii explosion. 
The f^utefit amount of dams^e wan done in the !»toke- 
hoh', in whi<h ten llrenit*:! liiNt their livi-^. whiKr a lai'ge 
numhin' of other [ii'rM»ri* wiTe more or les4 seriously 
injured. Tbi^ dreadful Fatality happened while the 
itteainer wjw t>ff HeAchy Hea<i fsatnritHy thirre reigxked 
for a whik .sonirtbJng closely ruscmblin^ u panic arooog 
the pos^engOTK. Theu^ vfwi a rumour that Kht* ^iteering 


AN ADVKyrt'Mf: on the •^UHSAT HASTKHNr 3*3 

'JLT iia<t colhi|>etid, ua<l that ttie A\\\t \rm dnttiii^ 
on Axons, Luckily this was not so; anil Captaiii 
Ilsurison's cooIih^sjk and pivi^4*ne«* ^f tniiul wry riiioii 
eimUiKl liim U^ nsbfHiiiv lii» giu*>it^ tliut the worst wa*i 
OTffr; wliilc; th^r ctiit-f rngiiu-L^r — 1 forg<?t his naiuL*, but 
tf wa* a Scotcliniaii — Am liih twr^t to set niatt-*rs right 
t\w etigiiif-nfom. (Jl'teu in arter y<'iirs, wlmii I have 
Hir Kyrc Mo^ey Shaw, the late commandtT of 

« MotropolUun Fire Brij;ado. woUy, calmly, and 
d»untkfi8)y wrentling with whiit the peDuy-aliiierrt are 
laughed at lor callin|r "the devouring moment,*' but 
which is purely an element, and :w surety di-vutirv, 1 
lutvr tliuught of Captiun llnrri«i»nrof the Great Hasit^ra, 
cool, calm, and determined. 

I have been niatiy )iari-invMi|j: .Hpectucie» buth \u war 
and in ptwx^ iti my time , but uevcr, |xrha[ij^, luivc i 
witne»«cd a KjXTctiich' t;hu8tlicr and more pitiabh- than 
tbut which presented it&'Ai when the woundt»d tiremeii 
were brought up ^nit of tht* hiileuiu t-lutTiiii luadi- by 
tlu.' <'i[*l<»?4i"ii, and l»id nut iti the »:ili.ion Thvy wltc 
not burnt. ThL>y weiv simply scalded tbrougli and 
thrtHigh bv the Ati';iiti; ami it wa^ from thirt sciilding, 
a^fgravated by the hbock ^ivcn to the jiyatcm. that 
uiort of the wounded diod. Oul* pijor cix-uturi- rolled 
in hi« agvjiiy olT the couch on to the floor ; vue of 
tlie guetitti tried to help hiin up ; but to hts hormr 
the neiili itI the iiiaii'^ haiid« crAiwi* Ixidtly olV in thoKu 
of tiir perKoii wtiii waf« trying to «uccour litm ; and 
til' Null' s of the Atoker'ii hands wern reveab^d in skeleton 
HJiktjdur^s. Whether wc liad any metUcftl men on 
board I do not reojlk'ct; but this [ rcnicmljor well, 
and «hall reuieuit>er> I hope, until my dying day. I 
ttptuk of the nMuistrations, equ^y tender and heroic, 
cu the MartjutH of Stuilbrd, tu tlie>e iccaldt^d mi«er:AbIe». 
A bjtpp) thinigbi ucTurn^ii Ui hitii of Imw tlieir 
dreudlul auguish might at lojtst be allcviat<xl. It wotf 
to encase the bodies of the wounded firemen and others 



in sheets of cottoii-wool jioaked in oil. Th«re wms 
plenty of oil on bounl. but ahi* ! cotton-wool was not, »t 
iirftt, pi-ocurablc : and oakum wouH have s^yrvwl th« 
dysirtjii purpose only very clumsily. Suddenly Lord 
Staflbrd exmii»€d, *' liy Jove ! there must lie wool in 
tliose curtain^'* In an instant a hundred buntU w«^re 
dni^gi»g down iind riiipuiy ii^iuidcr iht »ijr»pl.ii<iu» 
damask curtaiuH of the saloon and the side cat>in?» ; and 
lhe**e curtains were found to be lined with wool, scows 
of yard* of wbich were at once at the disposal of those 
who wcro tending tho wounded. Very t«w of the 
^iieiHs turned into their berths till sunrise. It w« 
a niffbt of ^ruin* and shrieks, of i%'ony bravely borne, 
btit at ilrtiL'ft tuo ^n.-at fur human endurana? ; hut thn 
ehects of cotton-wool soaked in oil did their beiielicent 
work ; and towards morning aome of the moat dircly 
injured were sunk in blessed sleep. 

You may wonder why I attributed my own escape 
fi-om a violent death to the presence on hoard of itr 
Herbert In^am, The briefest of exphinatioiis will 
suffice. I iiitendf-d after dinner to retire to ray 
bertli, Mr? down, reail a hook, and. perhaptt, liave $, 
do»e. Heaven ho willed it that I made nn after- 
dinner speech, which was interrupted by the explosion. 
Tlierc would have been no more "(i. A. S/' if I 
had liouglit my Wrth immediately after dinner; for 
my cabin wiis blown to pieces. When wa came into 
Portland Koadu, about ten the next morning, the Greai 
Ktu^/erp YiAs MH>n KiirmuiidHd liy pleaflu re-boats and 
yachts, gaily decked ftHth ilag*, and full of Udieit in 
nuliant toilettes, while bands of music discoursed 
festive niclodi«^H. Hut tho music died away into awful 
fiilenee when those who had come out to welcome «a 
saw that we were flying our colours half-maflt. and that 
w»» had ten dead bodies on hoard I made the beit of 
my way to Weymouth, and there was a rush to tlia 
telff^^raph office; for mont of un had given hortagCA 


to fortune, and wbiv thinking of the ftrar nnd coD&bcr»ji- 
tton which mu»t ltav« been convulsin^r tliosiv dear to u^. 
Wa» thcTO *'vcr *i more UDfortiinato whip than this 
colo!(Aal «cii moiiator, thu Grcit! Ewifcm f Th^' f,\'ri(tffitiM 
forsooth? It would have been nearer the mark hod 
she been chriMonwl in the outset the Dmiifftin:! 
Early in tho i-nKuin^' Novt-ml>i?r, I I'aii tUiwn one 
morning with Alfivil DickeiiR, iTi>.|i*Tiiiig ^uginf'tfr to 
llw BoArd of Health, and who had been ft pupil of 
Brnnfl. to Southamjiton. to renew my acfuiamtancc 
with Ciiplain Hurrir^oiL The Great Heutiern, &ft«r 
H^linj^ \ii Holyhcitd, i^nd woiithcriDL; %'<'ry KJitiftfactrtrily 
H tiTriJic storm, proceeded to Sauthiunpton fiir the 
winter. We lunched un buard with Captain Harrison ; 
but lucl( \ni%^ iij^MiDAi till* niniTiuifuh<r jia well £a the 
*hip, and the hrav**. devoted inarincr, a very f(?w w<^eks 
afterwards, wan drowned, close to ahoro, in ii puddle, so 
U> speak, of the Solent. Thp big ahip made a voyf^ri> 
acroaa the Atlantic^ but, on returning' to Kngland. she 
got into tli« hand>: af the ]^horifr« offieent. Subsequently, 
nil JKT wwy to and from New York, v\u^ vias luilf 
wreckeil in a terrific K^le, xind ran on a riiek nenr hong 
Ifflftiid, and injured her keel barlly, She waa again 
iwised, on bebuH of her erew, who claimed unpaid 
wagea. She never puij a dividL^id Lo imy of her 
saccesHive Maries of Hharaholders, In IStil, thij4 un- 
paralli>Ie(] steamship waa put up (br sale at thirty 
thousaml pounds, and Ikhii^IiI in ; tlieii it wim p^>]>o^ed 
tormphiy hr^r an u e-<ial'hnlL i\i ffibmli^ir; t.lien ^he wji.-c 
M)ld lor twenty-MTC thoniiiind pounds, uud wii« niitdc 
a public &h*»w in thf Mersey ; hut the ma^ir*trateft refused 
to ^rant a drink licence for the exhihition, and the 
tvrelchcd ship lumbered round to the Cljd*>, and itiw 
w>ld to & firm of niebi I -brokers fur Kixt<?<;n Ihousiiiid 
five hundred poundfi-^the iJiiiixfroitx, with a vengiimee' 
This itUr;ileil filnp did, Ihuv^i-it, h few dihtinet iitt* of 
public Kervit^'. Shr luifl i*ucce-?iK fully the French, the 


346 SALA'S iJFE A^^D ADVJgyrVHk'.S. 

AtluDtic, and the Indian cables; and L«r ex[)l(>it<i in tlie 
lik^t iti'ilanco Iiavr been My chronicled by my friend, 
Mr. Ju^i'pb Uh.irle^ l:'urkii)Kou, wlio, iti Uis cajiacity m 
a jotirnalifit, was oii bourd tb« ^'/va/ Eaafffm on ber 
voyage to Indiu. 

Amitlier irnjiorULtit tx>mini9(»ion wbicli I received 
l>ffUnijpi t*> tbr yr:AT 18^)0. nml t*) tlie month <iF Jiiuo 
tbcrcof, wbcii lltr Majtaty tlie ljiie**a rcTieni^d, in 
Hyde PArk, a force of niorc than eighteen thousand 
Volunt^jers- The JJai/tf IW^yi-ii/iA h(ul a gr^'ut deal to do 
with the proinotit>n of the Volunteer movem^ii^ which 
wns lit Kr^t rith<^rr violvutly oppoited ur con tempt aouBly 
¥<m*or(.Hl at. Kveii the iisuiilly far-!>eeiug ^ud nght-iuiuded 
)tr\ Pttaci h;id a good many flings at trM* iianc^nt, 
or rather, reiiancent, idea of a voluntec-r army, John 
Leech had a »tiin<itu}^ butt, whom he called the '* Urook 
Green Volunteer/* a preposterous creature who vtm 
ddpictod underall kinds of ridiculous circutn^tinoed. The 
Brook Green VolunteiT in LwohV druwin^ t)ii>*w ont 
i^kinuiKhers hi the Mlmpc* of Ww wifo and children; 
deployed ; execTiUnl »kilful flank movements, and [onn«d 
himself in a squaie to receive cavalry. Th<?ii thi?re 
was the irn^HLKtibly comic ncene of a Linrber in Inll 
Vduntet-r uniform, P'^PI''**^ h'^ h^d in at tlkC door 
o( hii« sdiavinff-rooiLi, und sayJn;^ to his a>^>^i)(Unt, 
"Alexander, when you hav<f liniTibed titivaitin^' the 
gentleman you must com*t to drill/* But the Voliiii- 
U'rr iii4ivi*inr*nt trinmijhf'il iivrr all ih*^ nii^erH »nd aill 
the disparaging criticism of tlie i-^Id i^enilt^mcn ul the 
Scr\-icc clubs, and the bantering of a section of the 
press; it ^rew and grew with astonishing rapidity 
to univer>idity of acceptance. Thtrre cannot be any 
doubt that the (.ui^enie*!^ of yutiu^ Knglulmivit of 
Mte tnifhlle and wurkiitg claKse^s to 1x* enrollefl, and 
drilled, and disciplined as unpaid defenders of th^dr 
country wan, in a larg<? nit^a^ure, dm:; to a Yagu« but 
widely ^pr^ad Apprehension tlntt France meant miit- 

AH AhVFSTtriltS OS TffK 'aitKAT KA^STKnS." 3*7 

chief towarda the British Empins and had incMUt nucli 
oiifichiof ever sine** Uie utteiupt of Felice Orsini uad 

It liHp|X'ti(?il Mmfi T W41S ill ViAv'in sit iln? titin* wlieii 
I thut ultom|it wfts made- 1 whk dining one cveuiii^ 
with bome friend* at t\\€ Cafi': Kiclie, i\ once fankoii^ 
rotituinint. but whicli Uha ni>w be^n turned into n 
giiriKh bra4'"'ru\ or beer-di'iiilcini; >eAlaon, nt t\\v tii^rncr 
of tlur Km? Lqx»k'tii>r» in wlnf'li ^itr^-et all rtiy renders 
may not bt? aw^are was siLmiU-d the Md Grand Opera. 
We bad got to tJm ^tagi* ofcoftee and liijueurs, wIimii wi» 
bcArd tlim^ >ur/ri.-SEsive und violent cuiiinnntiioiiK a^ if tlin^f 
liu;^' doors hiwl bcuu ^lamnicd to. A niiuutc or two after- 
wards the restiiurant was invaded hy the police, who 
practically arrested everybody in the room ; htit we had 
all either pas»pf»rts or visiting cards to ahow; and, after 
A brief deti'ntion, wi* wen> ;dlowed to )^o »lx>iii our 
bUKitie^^, Tlieii cainv tlo: ahMinl ri>iMidc of tlie Fivneh 
coloneU sendinfC hack tbc decoratiotin of the Hath 
conferred upon them by the Queen, and vehemently 
iroptoriii^ iho Kmperor to lead them Xi> tht* shares 
of prrfidioiib Albion, whonci' they could track tbc 
miinlero?ifl cotispimtorv to their lair. 

I Miw one of tht'Hc eunH|iirators. si |)r, Cbnide Uei- 
ruird, tried ^t thr Old MailHy niidrr tlir provisions uf au 
Act which bod been pu^lted through two very unwilling 
Houses of rarliamont. Mr. l^kiwin JaiLie« defended 
Bernard ; and lii-i speech, strongly stirring as it was, had 
certainly a titrong element of '*bigh falutin" about it, I 
can fe<^ him now, waving liiu ri^bt hand in {v>:ugg4*rati*d 
forvtiRic style, iiml tbtLud^ring forlli mi inJUU^) ullusion 
to " lour huniln-d thouNuiLd Freiicb infantry, their bayv- 
nrts hhuing in thr* morning sun/' preparing to invade 
[fngland. iJr Ucrnard wiw u<:<|uittfd. The crowded 
oourt cheered ; the people in the (xirridor* cheered ; and 
the shouts were taken up l)y thv> mub in the OM IkiiWy, 
and went rolling down in a niaring tide to Ludgate» 




Ah for I)r Bt^niard, I r^meni^ittr iUm» jm»l Wfof** li^ left 
the clock n free luan, lie struck liis 1>bick kid-gloved 
hand on tlie Udgw l)**f*>rft him aod eiclaimt'd. " I \tnx^ 
compiretl, fttid 1 will aNays conj*pirt/" Fortunatoly he 
hwl k<^}>t that liUJc adtnif^ion to liim^lf before t\w jviry 
prouounc<^cl liira not ^iiiltr. Ont i}t all th<*s^ thitif^ 
;jrew stalwart, validn va^ciilar, (he Voliintet*r Movement, 
tlie strenj^tlieuinj,' of which was wonderfully iM:*^e^*l^4l^d 
by Mvmf vrr*i-i in thr 7Smf, h»ng aw(»ribed to Miirtin 
i^rttuhar Tupper. the writer of that piv-emineJitly silly 
hook. " Proverbial Philosophy/' hut subscqucutiy ac- 
hnowletlged by Alfred Teniiy?*oD w* hiBown. Tlw allu- 
■lion U) X[ip(>hK>it 111- a^ the '* Faithfvil Ally; bnt only 
Hi% l>ovil knowti what he m«ani» " — and the refruio of 

Rcitfly, Ijc TOuiiF to mvTcl the atora," 

most liAve ftttncted thoiL^Anck of ^tont young fellows to 
the rankr; of the Voluntccre- 

The inickummer review was a mapiifioent sncce«w. 
There was an Embassy from Morocco in l^ndon at th<» 
tjni«; and it wsu rurimiK ia sw the tall. ^:«mt, olive- 
rkinnrd MfHirisli Kmir*, in tlu'tr Ktiowv-whiti* ImntntL-u-H, 
zttauding up in their landau to w]t]]v^ss thr m:irch p»jit. 
Her Majesty and the Prinoe ('onsort likcti-if-c honoured 
thv Victoria Kiiles — ucorpi^ which had been the nucleus 
from which the movcnient hod been foiroed. They 
had been orij^ually the first Middh^-x VoIjnt«t>y, 
and dated from ]>0^. as the Duk*^ of OuinW-rland'ft 
!4hai']>sh(jt>tr-T^ : unil they maintained their orgmnisatiou 
a» A rifle club whm othrr Volunteer corps were dis- 
banded. In H35 they were permitted by tie i)ncheK* 
of Kent, the august mother ot our beloved Sovereign, 
to t^fcke Xhf title of the Uoyai Virtoria Rifl*? CInb, hence, 
I should my, the l'nlhuI*in^lic applaiJM' bestowed on 
tiieni at the review. 

Among the other hatbdions which marched pa»i 

Ay AnvtiSTvnK ok run - nuKAT KAHTJiify.-" :»» 

I iioUfil tlu' AHjhU' CAtryv., aiiil Ihr plini?^ani niunniir 
tliut llutU'red lliruiigh a Ktttrulftil of ladies uf " 'Hiei'L^H 
Mr. Leighton; tli^rr*'* Mr, MiJkis:" Then clieerj. 
min^lt^d with Juughti^r, wt^ie^audibJe, a^ llio Jnti:> of 
Court corps marched pust. Of cuurw?, thee^' le^al vftir- 
rioFK had already htid <<onri:>rri^d i>n tliem tht? title of 
" llie Devil s Own " ; and one of my iioileagues doalared 
thai viheu th4^ Inns ot Court bmve-s ap{>rij;u!hed» lli<' 
itubtHr^l liAitiK at iTir %Aiut.i]i;^ porit hlriii-k ii|k Htr Jii- 
TOiriting air of" (io to the iK^vil .ind .Shuke Vtmrs<*lf/' 
Tile authorities wore vei-y (Mvil to th(> I'reflw on this 
oooaaioQ i and wo hn'l a lar^-v* tribune, or .ntund, alKfttni 
to us, ill frout of whii'h wen.' ^uthi^ivd, on the ^rot^ii- 
swaid, a lai^d nmnbtrr of olTieent of tin.' m^ithirfi in full 
UDiforni. Thei¥ was a good deal of laii^^hiiig and 
ohaLU-riti^ ;iiiioi]j^ IhesL- geiilleiiii-n iK'Tnrn uw rrvii-w 
com me need ; w> »[i rodr llJi.ll. the Field Marshal 
CofnmandiDff-in-Chief, who apostrophlikHl the oDit^crs in 
aoiui-^\hut vi^rouH l&ngu^o ; but in vain did the Uoyal 
Duke objargfttc ; tiic gentlemen in scarlet and gold und 
bhio and pold ad(ipt<^*d tht» very crafty t;icticss of tjiviiit; 
him three h^iirty cheE^i^i^ ; whereat tliv^ Uoyal Katiger of 
Hyde Park rode away with a smile upon his honeftt 

That i\*vicw in Jlydc I'ark brought me in u coii- 
sidcrablf? sum of money. 1 wn.>te a eouple of columns 
or so in the /Jai/y Tf^t-^raph^ de/icrii)tu^ the pa^'cant to 
the best of my ability; and a day or two aftfrwai'd« 
tlivre came to me u piufhiii^ y^un^ geutlenmit natned 
Edvb-iird Tirisley, wiu», iti jmrttir^rship wll.ti Itiw brother 
William, had just set up a publirthjng btisiness in 
Cftt^arine Street, Strand. He saw hid way to making a 
.abilling book out of my narrative of tho review, and 1 
taw my Wity to acceptiii)^ ihr very liberal terms vr\x\d\ 
he otTen^d tnc. So the little book was publi.'^hitd, :uid it 
had a prodigious sale ; hut for what r(.^ I know not. 
I hav^ itever nince been able to set 4fye& upon it 1 


must go back a few months in touching on the subject 
of tlie army of unpaid defendem, whose motto waa 
" IVfence» not Defiance." 

It was late in Jnne that the Royal Review took 

Slace in Hyde Park^ but» early in the preceding 
[arch, no less than 2,500 Volnnteer officers were pre- 
sented to the Qneen at Buckingham Palace. That 
memorable lev^e is additionally impressed on my mind 
by a mishap which, at the time, was productive of 
considerable embarrassment to me. We were living, at 
the time, in furnished apartments in Sloane Street :— a 
parlour and beilroom on the ground floor, with an annexe 
running intr> the garden, which I converted into a 
library — for I was beginning to buy books as well a^ to 
love them. Edmund Yates, then a clerk in the Secre- 
tary's Office at St. Martin *s-le- Grand, was an ensign in 
the Post Office corps, of which, I think. Viscount Bury, 
the late Earl of Albemarle, was the commander. When 
the lev^e was over, Edmund, in full Volunteer panoply, 
called on us in Sloaue Street. It was tea time. I was 
away at the Dai/y Tflegraph at work, but Ensign Tates 
very gladly accepted my wife's invitation to partake of 
the cup which cheers but not inebriates. The ComkUl 
Magazine was then in the spring of its bright career ; 
and its publisher, Mr. George Smith, had accentuated his 
appreciation of "The Hogarth Papers," which I was 
writing for Thackeray, by presenting me with a superb 
elephant folio of the complete works of the j^reat Eng- 
lish painter, engraver, and momlist. This tome used to 
be known as the " fifty-guinea Kogarth," and is still 
worth a considerable sum. My wife, dehghted with 
the gift made to her liusbandj was showing Edmund 
the tall tome with womanly pride and joy. 

But woe is me ! The teacup slipped frora Edmund's 
hand, and four of the choicest plates in the '* Marriage 
& la Mode " were saturated with tea. He made baste 
the following morning to send for the volume in order 


to have it treated bv a firm Id Rathbone Place, who 


un<Iertook to take the stains out of old books. But 
alas! my *' Hogarth/' which was sold with the rest of 
mj librarj" during a two years' absence in foreign 
parts between 1865 and 1867, never reeovered its 
pristine beauty* 



Th:' '^ Hof;arth P:ip.'r« "- A IlmwJiiu of lln- Boy Hogurtb Ht Worfc — Tempff 
Jiar aDtl 'i\9 SJaB— Mr. Kobort Hiichunan— The Austin* — 7'V SatvrMjf 
Jirrrieir ?iiiJ ila I >nr<Ltu>fhtr<- - Sir Wm. ilan-ourt' -Ahutdmiing^ LitoTabuv 
Tit Journalism--" Echotrj* nt Ihe WtM'k "- ^I'rtr-r (^unninf^hnin and Fredcridc 
Uivkiiu — "Jack" Kwvi- — Finding thfi Hormil of *'Toni Tiddler a C^ToafliL" 

Yks ; the Cornhill was in full swing i and the 
" Ho^rth Papers," at which I could only work ftt 
night, were bringing me between fifty and sixty pounds 
a month ; and although published anouymonsl^s they 
had brought mc a good deal of public recognition from 
higb^elass journals. With respect to these essays I 
had cause once more to be grateful for tbe persoDal 
kindnesfi of Mr. George Smith. For one of the instal- 
ments of the jjapers in question, which dealt with the 
career of Hogarth as an apprentice to Mr. Gamble, 
silversmith, of Cranboume Alley, Mr. Smith suggested 
that I should make a page-drawing on wood, represent- 
ing little boy Hogarth in his master's workshop, busy 
in eugraviug a coat-of-arnis on a silver plateau. I be- 
lieve the idea bad suggested itself to Mr George Smith 
through the circumstance of Thackeray having just 
then bought at Garrard's, in the Haymarket, a small 
silver salver of undeniably early Georgian make, and 
engmved with a shield and crest. Thackeray was pleased 
to fancy that the plateau might have been engraved by 
Hogarth himself. That may have been a delusion ; but 
it was assuredly a harmless aud a delightful one. I 
made the drawing according to Mr. Smith's su^^tion. 
It was summer time. I had been to the Openi ; but I 
went to work at midnight, and I had finished my draw- 

rai? HTARTISiK M/-* -rKMChK BAH." 


iug hy Aij. oVIook in Lliu tuoniin^. I knew wLat I was 
about with mnpoi^t io Jin crgnivcr*« worUhoi^ . and tht^ 
dramug was minutely k^clinicaJ. There wa« th<> little 
1;u1h p^^rehecl on a hicli ^taA. ivith the wilvi'T phite before 
him on n leather cushion, uml cl<*lvint^ into it witli bis 
burin. The liglii from the witkIow was inoi]itie(I by 
paAsinif Ibrongh r screeii of tiKsiie |>ii|Ter fnifiied with 
win*. Scattvred nbout him were ah tlift toolh i^ertarning 
to hi» craft ; and n Uttli^ anvil uikI lummier t^* ' knock 
nj)*' the philt if it bml b(.'L*ti ineiMe'l too d^-eply; while In 
Uie baek^rwumh tliroii-^h aiiotlitir window, yon saw tlic 
silvei-shiitliV >ilio]i itsflf, with Mi\ (raiLible U'bind 
lb<' runnter exhihitini^ ;i eboiif artiele of phitr- la h 
belb' of the jH*riiMl, bewiU^biii^ in |fowih*i' titn) |ijilelir4. 
I Wil5 very pn>ud of the drawinj; when 1 luid finished it ; 
bnt somehow or anotbrrr it failed to meet vnili the 
approval of Thfl^keray, who came to aee ns afti^r hi'Oiik- 
fa*it. I Gont<intfH:ny ar*qniis<(Ci*d in hi» deoiKLon that the 
driiwini^ wtt^ not fjood ".noiit^h hir tli<.» Xfii^n2iuf'. I 
ttboidd liavo fieniiieseed in ^mytdin^ else thiit he hiul 
anked nif* or told %x\^ not to do ; and I should liavo jiist 
taken a handkerchief dipjied in fair water and wijK-d the 
entire drawing off the bo:t wowl hlock hud not my wife 
pOJt^onately entn?ated me not to de,sti\jy it, bnt to let 
h«r have it, in order that she mi^ht frame it- 
It clianced that Mr. fSeoi'^e Smith eaUed on iw tliat 
aftenicion, white I, lis u-^iiii]. whh alwent ;tt work. He 

Eerauaded my wifir to Irt him UAiv- away ihu hloi^k with 
im. I bbink that he miir^t have exerted \\\v> ^reat in- 
iluirnoe with the conduetor of the Conikiff ; for the next 
uiimb«r eontaiuod a beautifully eseout^d wood-eoffraving 
of my drawing: the only alteration made in whl(^ll was 
a [M>rtf(iIio of prifita lyi"i( lotwe on thi- dour. Mr. 
(J^Hirp^* Smith gavp me (Ive-and-twenty jionndM for my 
six bouTA* bard labour : but bis ^neroffity did not end 
there. The drawint,'. with my name attacfied to it, was 
produced in the grt^t t<iiftort <fi' im'' of the works of 


William Makepeace Thackeray ; and right proud am I 
that just one tiny morael of my poor handiwork should 
niuke {Kirt o£ thiit j;roiit literary and artistic moDument. 

The "Hogarth Papers' ran in the Cortt hi// for, I 
think, eleven months. Thackeray wanted sonae more 
articles froni me, but not a serial ; and I was debating in 
my mind on what, subject I could most amusingly 
descant in a paper of from sixteen to twenty pagefi in 
len^'th, whrn Mr. John Maxwell, now become a pros- 
penins pnblislkcr in Flet^t Street, informed me that he 
was thinking uf st^irting a new magazine on the same 
lines as the Cortthi//, but without illustrations; and be 
proposed that 1 should be the editor of the new venture, 
and th:it my name, as its Conductor, should appear on 
the titk'^page. 1 thought the proposal was not one to 
be slighted, as it would bring me not only a handsome 
salary as editor, but n.'muneration at the rate of thirty 
shilling:!; or two pounds u page for my contributions ; and 
I had the plot of another novel m my head. Thackeray 
ami 1 parted on the beat of terms, and he even said 
some friendly worils about the rival magazine in one of 
bis *' Koundabont Papers.'* To this i>eriodical I gave the 
name of Te/iift/t* Hot' ; and froni a rough sketeh of mine 
of the old Bar which blocked the way in Fleet Street, 
Sir. Percy Maciiuoid drew an admirable frontispiece. 
As a motto 1 iMUffimu/ w quotation from Boswell, " And 
now. Sir/" said Hr. Johnson." we will take a walk down 
Fhn^t l!>triH^t ' To the l*est of \\\\ knowltH^ and belief 
l>r. Johnson never said a word about taking a walk 
down Fleet Street : but my iniux-ent jtu/ifrcifrtf wsis, I 
fane\\ implicitly believed in for at least a generation by 
the majority of m^i^aziue readers, 

Teitf///'* Bar starteil with a circulation of about 
;iO,000. and held its own successfully as it grew in 
months and years. I had a very strx>ug staff, including 
Edmund Yates, whom I at once tised upon as my 
subeditor; one of the Miss Pv*wers. a niece of the 

TRK fiTAIlllSO UF -rKMPF^K tiAfi" 


Cuuntct^g of Dle&siti^>n ; Chaileti Keuney, of tlit» VVwf*, 
th«i ion of the popultir dramatist who wrote Smeeiharh 
ami H'it:4*» : m\\iic\y.xrA -lermlil, ami T H. Sotlifliy, 
Vi\\<t wroti* Mjiiif? li^tTun) ]»ii|K-r^ un ancients ^ihutAiciil 
novelists, AnotlitT Djrly rontribtit-ir was Mr. Itobcrt 
BuchaDan. So far as I can recollect— and my memory 
does not ofb^n trip me up — Mr, Bachannn came ono 
fogffy evening 1o my ohamWr.i in Cl(*mrnl"w luu witli 
R iimnuMrript po^-in. WIk-Uut Iii» bioutjUL wuy w K'tU'r 
of iiitrodiR'tiim [ ain iiiiablo to rfTiii'mlio' ; hut 1 find 
tlmt Kdmuad Yate;*, in his ''Memoirs." statea that 
the n*tiowiied \Mwi came to him at hU residence, 
in Abi*ey Koad, with a h-tt*T of introtlnertion from 
Mr W. H- Wills, of Ml tf*e }\'ar Itoumi. Still. I 
uni per^iiiwled that Mr, Buchunan 'fid call on me; 
that I ivad Im luaQii^Tipt, and i\\2X I wi'oto to Edmund 
to say Uijit, although I wom iu> poet, I fidt pen^umled 
that in thi^ yoiiihftd Scoh/h ^i^nth-man thert^ wjus u 
mine of genius which otdy rcquii-cd working. 

The fame which the poem» and the drtimas of 
Robert Buchanan haa hroii;;-ht him, haa vindicated, 
I think, thr proiliction which t mailit concerning him. 
But, Mtmnjfv to rotate, I havu never Kpokcti to or ^y^n 
seen Mr. ICoIwrL Bui;lmnaD, to my knowlptlgi?, riince 
th<* year ISOO, afi aforesaid, Tlnf hrst pcK-m which 1k^ 
wrote for me was entitled. 1 think, '' Tenipk Bat." 
Wiltshire SUmuton Austin was another member of my 
sta6'> lie wajt a inONt romarknbht man, hand)«om«i, 
richly lettered, witty, humorous, und one of the readiest 
and most powerful speakers I have ever listened to 
Hf wa-H the mm uf 4. W<<!it Indi;iii ^entleinau, 
a graduate of OiPord and ti harri»f«^r of Lincoln^ 
IniL He mana^^, unhappily, to muddle awny a life 
which waa full of splendid promise, and died pre- 
maturely* I remember two brothers of hiB, both 
whom 1 hope are ativa and Hourijihing, One 
Mr. Ware Austin, whom I lieurd of once am the e(]jtx;r 

L of i 

jtx;r I 

3Sk salss life asu ADVESTTRES. 

of au Itiduiu uewspaptT The other, Mr. Charies 
Austin, au intimate friend of the Iat« Lewis Wingfield, 
travelled e^tensivelv in Knrope and in the United 
States, and was a constant eorrespondent of the Titoff, 
I knew him but very f^lightly ; and thereby hang^atale 
for the truth of which I am not qoite mdy to roach, 
but which 1 tell as it was told to me, Chvles Anstin 
was a frequent contributor to the Safmrdtry Rfriew?^ in 
which he once wrote a verv slashing; article castigating 
the young aud a^ressive Dai/jt Trif^rapk. In those 
days our leading columns were mther too full of 
quotations fn>ni the classics: and of course the writer 
of the S'tfunia^ article, which was entitled "Jupiter 
Junior/' X<yok care to insinuate that aU onr cla^ical 
atlu-sion^ were stolen from I^mpriere, or from the 
mottoes appended to the armorial bearings in '* Bnrke's 

As I have said, mv knowled^ of Charles Austin 
was eitrtrmely limited; and on the few occasions that I 
met him be seemed to me a very shy and re^rv^ 
person, tu whom, mortvver, the fact of his being in my 
compaiiv did not affvird ;iny gmtifio^tion, but Father 
the eontrarv. Tears afterwards Lewis Win^eld was 
talking to me about Charles Austin : and 1 expressed 
my admiration of his clear and rigorous stvle. " It 
ii a pity/' quoth poor Lewis, "that yon two did 
not come together more frequently ; but Austin has 
often said to me, ' That man »"ill never foi^ve me 
for having written ''Jupiter Junior'^ in the Safmrdam 
RcrieiT, and for having unmercifully demolished a le*^ 
ing article of bis on Bottles/" It so fortuned that 
I was as innocent of writing the article in question 
as I am of having murdered Eliia Grimwood, set the 
Thames on fire, or eaten the pnppy pie under Marlow 
Bridge. It was a pnre matter of £iitcy on both sides. 
Charles Austin fancied that I did not like him, and I 
fancied that he did not like me. 

TBE STAurjsa OF 'VKytFLR hah:' 


But I mu»l my a ^void moro about tho S^f/£t'fhy. 
To tlio first number <>f Temph finr I only contributi^d 
the firsi of a serieT* of papen^, ''Tnivols in the County 
o( Middlesex," and an t&suy on tlie cmivut yeiir, called 
*' Annus Miraliiti^i " ; liut in Urn Meniml muiuIut T 
t>t-gua a 5i*rial fiction, culled ''Tiii: Seven Sons of 
Mammon/' llv thia lime I had bugun to be known. 
^' Gaslight and" Daylight/* "' Looking at Life/' '* Lady 
ChertcilieUr^ Letters to \Ur Danglitcr/' " How I 
Tami-d Mrj^. Cruiser/* and otlivr opiisculiN bad m:ul« 
Tiif^ soinewiniL popular, antl bmu^bt \\\v pb.^nty of 
readers, plenty of revieWL*ii*, and from tlie innjciity 
of the lArit-naitied Cbrbtian friends plenty of virult^nt 
abiue. Tlie Satunitiif Jievictc followwi the lead of tiic 
J^MCs in revilin;; tlu' " Journi.7 Dul' North/* I arose 
From thcf pernsal of the Safurri^/s two> column in- 
vectives witli the uneasy, althoTigb happily transient, 
inipre^^ioii thai prrliapii I rcfi/t^ afUt all, thi' r^Thinnimx, 
tint inip<iNtj»r^ tlir pht^Lirist , uiiil th<t likiclthcail that 
the SahirJa^ M?enieil to think 1 was; and that 1 
only needed courage to be a pickpocket or a smoHher. 
To periodical titreanii^ of t^imilar abu^e in the columns 
ol the iiat*ir*Ift^ I was Knbject<?d from lJ:>fiti to ISO? 
by wliich period ! bad writti.'u botwu^u twcnty-fivo 
4nd tiiiity book^. 

I baye mont than once litnicd that I am aHlicted 
with A v^vy violent t^mgh-r and my lirnL impulse, 
when 1 rinid my ^atur/la^ at breakta-nt, and found 
tho iwnally Buvoge atUK'k upon my writinpt, wau 
to Bit down aiwi p^-*n a [lulite note to the editor, 
at lu8 oflicft in Southam|iton Street, Strand, ti^llin^ 
htm tl^at he wax an ananyrnouH inward, liiir, amd 
HOoundrel. Afti-r a while I wonhl bull my brrakfHAt, 
and then a idigbt rfoiacr »-tmld come in the shape 
of a tr<4^mnt Havana. 'I'bat would be precisely my 
wife's upiKirl unity. She ha*l n^iver said a wi*rd while I 
\Mxs ra^in^ at lUe S^i/un/^/if and i^eribblin^ the wmtbrul 

letter; but wliini I bad ^t about Imlf-wAy Ihruu^i 
th4^ n?^litt» ^lie would sAy mildly. *' Doii't you tbink 
h'ti iiboul timt', i1vai% tliat yuu let the man ^ tu 
the Dei'il F '' iiti<l tti tln^ IVvil aecdMiii^'ly ilia my 
IptW lo the Saturdftn Jiftiftr go — that is to »ay» it 
went into tlie \^aiite-|iaper basket in sammer and 
into tlie lire in wint<}r 

Calmly n^viowint^ in tliiri tho Iat<* evening of my 
lite that whiob I Uaw done in lettiTK und in 
joitriiLdism, 1 1iave arriv4^d at two vtTy r^refnlly 
decided roncliiKion* : finit, that the Sufurrfatr ffarrfVio 
was ill iiKttiy rf>s|)«ct» quite jiif«lified in n'viJing me; 
atidn next', tliat the cinimadvrr^iun nf that ablft 
Jinininl did mc n ^rcat deal moi\r good tbnn hurm. 
In fuct, I fail to see that beyond th« occn^ona) 
exsicerbations of temper caused by the abnsive articles 
alM<ut mysM'lF wliitdi I i^TiiMed, and the ^a-ste of a 
eertaiii <|iiaiiUty of vhH.iim^ry irt wriU;)^ li*ltt*i>( 
to ihL* editor which 1 never posted, tljc hcistility 
of the Sofmtffiy iiciufw did me iiny harm at all. 
I y<Ci}^ eurnini,' ut the tiinu vvhon it wan wont most 
fiert^iOy to iitt^ick m<\ j<ay, iu i>>0:3, aUiut two 
thoirsarid a year; und I cannot remenibui% miv<; wh<.*ii 
T vi\]s [irostniti'd hy ><iirkiiT'>>»>, bi have eiirni-d >iiici.' 
then a. ^iin;dler annual inei»mc. Nor did the Sattt-dfig 
prevent nie from auqniiin^' a certain amount of 
onnlarity. Celchiut^d I Ui-ver wa*<, and celebrated 
have iK'Vi»r wunted to be; yet I havi' be<^n as woll 
known for many year>i ptt^t iw Homimnn'n Tea or 
Tliorh»yV Food fur Cattle, or any mnch -advertised soap 
thjit yi>u eare l.i» know of. 1*hp Stt/arr^*ty was e(|ual]y 
mistulcen as m^tint in u.H!«ertintf that 1 wah wholly 
destitute of humour and of learning;; but it ytma 
quite rijjht in neeusins; me of writing in il tnr*»id. 
intlat^^l, nnd bomhuf^tie manner. Style, the French 
philowipher Iia« naid. is the Man; nr»d my style, from 
the Hrllr]!^|| point of vii*w, is and hiifi always bof'il 





incunihly villous. I wiu brillriiitly L'ducatetl ; but 
half niv pJucatior) was imparted U^ me at a Preiitsh 
public school, and the aj-aflcniy which I hnw tle^cnhcd 
at Tunthiui] (ircon , aud the iviiiuhKU-r ) hjivu uei|uiri-d 
by rigid study, which will not he. roluicd till I grow 
blind, or div Duriu;; the exx years lyf my miineulion 
with Dicfc^iis on Honiteholii H'onh, I had to subduo 
my teudeijcy t<J u*e words* denvetl frum the Ijatiu 
iflHtfSki] of Wm* Aii|rh)-SjLVijn. As I hiivr nfli'ii sjur?, 
I could .<(pi'uk Fivnch di]d Italiiiii bclorc I could rspiak 
English even toU^mbly ; und it was only by the 
sternest of mental efforts that, while Pickens was m/ 
chief, I ab?.uuiied aj* far as I cinild fronj using what 
SatiLUi.-l Tuyhtr tVihridi^ts foftowiii^' Hunicv, u»e<l to call 
'* Ki<M|iu]Kvhi.lnin " words M<irr.H»vt.'r, Dirkens's jdiihj^ 
men Were, to a eeitaiin exteiii, oiaininutied to imitiitc 
the diction i^f their ^hief, and I lell in with the trick 
AS di'ltly \v< {H'rhapH my cidlca^tied did. 

But whi'u 1 joini-d the ^t^R of tho Oaifi/ TtkfffafJt^ 
and hiid a fn^o bund in writing ut Iva^^t threo thouvatid 
words every <hiy, I suon rehipswl into that siyV^ winch 
Ml ixjused tlie ire oftlie Saiufda^. Out came, or, ratlRT, 
Estreatned, S\\^- hnig-tailed wordH* thr; hyperlxjl&i, the 
rhoflomontiule, tht? >)rniIo?t, and the (juotutiou* dragged 
ia by tht? Ik-juI or by tho heels- I knew, pi^rhitps, but 
little; but I mado EUi inuuh as I eould ^A wbut I kiivw, 
I waa impatient, dognutical. illoiiical. ami couhl U», 
invself, IViini time to time ay;>,'ie*si ve and abLisivo. 
Many yvarM afiiTWiinN, i*tiiyiiijj wttfi \^ixA Uoweliery 
at The Umxlaiis, mar Kpsoiri, I iVmud ain^'iii; the 
gucdtH Sir VVillinm Vernon ilarouuit ; and in t!ie coutw 
of afl^T'd inner chat the present Chancellor of tho 
Kxchocpier alluded to hiB former connection with tlui 
journal wiiieh used to liold nii* in sncli literary aveiviaai, 
"Why/' liinnoriHuly ob^[-rve<l Sir WilliantH *'al one 
time. Venables, l*arson Seott, and 1 must have written 
inoro than half the Saturdo^ between us/' " rarson" 



Scott vm^ li liit'IiIy-ri>;]>ocU'tl iu)d enidif*' cUrfrymaai; 
the f;ither ot Mr. Clement Hks/U, tin* ilmiiiaiu' nitio] 
of tile Daify Tr/t^^frtijti. Of course, I Miid itotlitug 
Til** 1>ui(]aii:i ttt>r»tit ilie Saiufifav* dealini^s with iii^; 
etill. 1 ccmU not help wondering in iny nund whether I 
had ever been iDdcbtcfl for one of the slashing reviewi 
in the Sfthrr^rtt/ to tht* jw.-n, equally viporoiu 
graceful, of Sir William Vernv^n Haivi.»iirt- 

I \\%ve often heea ;isked why, iirh(?u I w»» soini 
thirty. fivi^ y*-ar'* iff 4^*^, 1 should pr.ictically h.ive 
uUimKinnl lit<rnitnrr for juLiniAliMii, 1 qtiolrd iV'jIenilg^e 
ju^ now. Kcnd what the gn-at ))hi)oi(Oph«r hivt 
eay about litoraturo hi his *' Tnhlc Talk" ;--" It wtmld 
be a 6ort of irreli^ion, and f^o^uuc'ly Ictt; than a lih«l on 
buroaa natare, to believe that there is any established 
and reputahh* |>nif<'ssh»n or emjiloynifiit in which » 
man iimv \\i>i mntriv^ U} jiot with lioiu*sty and honour;! 
Qnd doubtless therein likewise? none which may not an 
timed pi'e»?cnt tc-niptnttous to tht^ oi^ntmry, But woc-1 
folly will that iran find himEelf mistaken who imafj^nea-j 
that the profession of literature, or (to speak moroJ 
phtiniy) the tuifif. of aiilhorhhip, hetiehA its menthcmei 
with fewer or with h-ss insidious tomptati(ji>.<( thmij 
the Church, thf? L;iw, or tlu^ dilfereut branches ofj 
eouimcrLV. Let lilcruturc be an honouniblc uugmirnta*] 
tion to your onus, hut not fill the Cflcutchwn/" I^ 
ew perfectly well that I was altogether deetituto 
f a partjch^ of thai ^eniii^ without wliic^h 1 could, 
vvfv i-xei*] or hiHH)iiie faini^iiK iii j»irv h'ib-rvt; bnt,^ 
<jti the other IniuJ, I wa* fully cognisant of the 
fact that I h^Kl burned my trade a^ n journalist. &ndj 
that I could eani a handsome income by it- I 

I did nc*t bid farewell to the Muses, aK Hlacketoiie ] 
did. I read with :t i»reat-?r avidity than ever; bnt I was j 
content witpli Klndyiii^ all the thxtkx that I 4^niild ^et I 
hold of, :iiid to (vitM- for Uir ttnn- Ix'ing tn write 
any- 'IhiL'* it wo* with dclilHrnitioiL tliut 1 duvoted.. 



mymlf to tlie cnlting of jonnuLlJsm; and tli;it calling 
1 liavc followed in the colamQH «f one daily paper for 
bovcn-and-thirty years, I have never put ruyi^olf 
forward Otf a r^pivwentativo writer for the preww. I liiu 
not evon a member of tiic I»stiitik> of JouriialifitK. I 
wu subpc^Diied uDCi* iva a vviini^^ io speak a^ to 
nevrspaper ciiwtoni in some litigation Wtween tin? 
editor of a Vorknlure papi-r auJ its pioprietur, who 
bikd dinmifsed tiiin, ixs the editor tbougUt* without 
aufticient notice. I wcut down very unwillingly to 
Le«d$ ; but on the morning T;hen the cane wtib to como 
on,. I thought out Mr. Waddy, Q.C., tho counKl who 
was to exumine me in tin* inti.*reKt, I believe, of tlie 

filAintifFH and put the mse clearly before him. " Look 
ere, Mr. Waddy/' I said; '* I am about Ihi* Wt 
witiii*;^' you cdiould eall b) testify ns U> the Custom 
of journalism, for tht? a^w^on that about that 
^sbom I know absolutely nothing. With the great 
<luily paper with which I have been connected iw ho 
many ycjir*, I have mt kind of contract or en;^i4rement. 
and no fietth-rl K}dHiy 1 am jiiiiil, :uid liljendly paid, 
Dt>t by the week, nionUt, i>r yejir, but by tlie ]>iece- 
If tUi< proprittorft winh to get rid oi \\u% they are 
L free to «iiy »o tt^niorrow ; and if 1 wi^^h Ui retires from 
w the Z/. 7.> I have? only to mitkc my bow mid take leave 
L of Peterborough Court lor ever.*' Mr. Waddy laughed ; 
^^UiH junior, Mr. Atherly JoneSj laughed ; and with tbt^ir 
^H^oncurrence 1 took tlie next train for London, and was 
^^tiot examined in tlie euse utalK 

■ Between my novel in Tehiplc Bur iind my daily 

taflk on the Ttifgmph I had plenty of w^trk nu my 
band^* tttill I hud leisure to add an additional two 
hundred »ud tifty puunds u yeur to my income 
by writing a weekly column of literary and artiutio 
gowip under the title of ' Kehoes of the W4>elc," 
tn the ffitiJtlrnitJ ZonJ'jH A'rip*. Shn-wd Mr. Herbert 
Ingram hod not ffvrg«)tten our meeting on board 



the Great Eastern ; Aiid» at the secession, through 
ill healths of Peter CanniDgham, F.S.A., who had 
hitherto been hiB purveyor of hebdomad^ gossip, 
he asked me to write the column id question. Peter 
Cunningham was a character ; the heartiest, kindest, 
cleverest soul that you could know and love- He 
waij a 8on of that Allan Cunningham, marble-mason 
and poet, who was for so many years chief assistant 
in the i^tudio of Sir Francis Cliantrey, the sculptor, and 
who, in his later years, wrote a most amusing work, 
"Tile Lives of the English Painters." Peter, like my 
own dear brother Charles, was a Blue-coat boy ; and he 
had another brother, who went out to India as a cadets 
in the service of the East India Company, A long time 
alter Peter's death I became acquainted with this 
brother, Colonel Francis Cunniugham, an accomplished 
gentleman and elegant writer. I do not thinlc that 
Pet«r went to the University ; but when he was quite 
a young man one of his fathers influential friends 
obUtneu for him a clerkship in the Audit OflSce at 
Somerset House. 

There, as I suppose, he had plenty of leisure — 

for Civil ser\'ants were not very severely worked 

in those days — his taste for antiquarian research 

became largely developed; and he was also an ardent 

student of the literature of the Geoigian era, his 

urofidencT in which last and delight^l branch of 

ly led to his being commissioned by Mr. John 

of Albemarle Street^ to edit the Memoirs 

««pondenoB of Horace Walpole. These and 

kindred tasks he executed with sur- 

X and accuracy; but to my mind his 

f research was " The Handbook for 

teoently expanded and re-edited by 

Vfaeatley, F.S.A,, under the title of 

id Iresent : Its History, Asso- 

ons." With the aid of Cunning- 

TUB &TAHrfya or temi^le bah.^ 




ham, Wln^iifl^y. Tiuftitv ami last, but not loisit, 
Ca^-M-U's '*lM iirnl New I*i>ndi>ii," tin- "' inU'lli^vnt 
New Zealiiiider" mi^^lit witli <*a.'^f ciniipLHsr' uiij tiumb<?r 
of iuetro(>olit<iU ^torii^s iuiJ L-5say» witlioiil being at 
the pnins of visiting EnglaiiJ to sit on a poteNtiuUy 
^ecur<^ Londt^n Bridge in order to skoteii tbi.-cquu1ly 
liypotlietic-al riiiiis* of St, PaulV. Petf r iiiiirrit.-(5 Mis»i 
Zenobiu. Nrurtiii, tin- d;iuglit<^r of tlmt L'xtniordinuiy 
|niiiitvr, -Toliii M.Hrtin, iiu^i/otint t'n^jriivinj5«i of whuse 
gnind !*c^>np^ fmm Itjibjloiiiuii liiitiiry and '' r;Lrjnli>«i 
Lo^t" ti-if>d to till my mind with a.stiini.iJkiiifut whni 
I vfflrt B boy. 

I'otiT and I w(>ro ^Tn^iit allit"* ; and, witbi>iit forming 
ourr^elreii into it re;juliir club, Blamhard Jerrold, 
Wiltshire Au*tia, Rudolph <justavu« (jlover, of the 
Wju" OQux', JiiM*pli Chiirliis PjirtcniKwi*, tht^n ni tbtf 
Audit Oflicc. WzvU'Uy. Alfrt'd l>ickt*Ls, lusptTtin^ 
Eogm^^r of the Board of ilcatth, a rare ImniLiriHt and 
mod fellow', tVderick Dickens, of thi* War Otfic© 
n>ot]i brotljcrs of tlie novdistj, iind niyfli.df.* used to 
dine tbrt-e or four nights :i week at ci>rtaiu fjivouritc 
n<«tAurtti)t«4 — BUnehardV, then in Beak Street; Giraud's, 
hi Castle Stn-et, Leieester t^ijuitre ; the "Solferlno/* in 
RnjBer^H Sfrccl, tiiijnmikeL ; mn] SUit^eV, in I'jmton 
Street, IVor Peter Ountiin^hAin's fortunes wen.^ wrecked 
over the Manchester Art Trctt&urcs Kxhihition- He xvun> 
A oonMimnmte judge of art in itii out-ofthe-way phjLHe^r 
taeii lU niiniuture9, eoameU. carvings, and mediieval 

iewelk'ry ; and the Audit i>^c^ ^vq him six months' 
»ttro in order th^t be might as^ivl ihi- Kxi*cutivi*! Vinn- 
mittee of the Sxbibitiun with bis ^iilu^ible iidvla? and 
vxjwneuo** tic couM iLvvtft gvt hiH neck buck 
ikgam into the collar of official routine ; and, altir 

* Tbc dflrjctl ^UfT nf Ihf ^rrni Piihlii' DnjiArtniPiit in Pull \it\\ Iiju 
tflinau namnT^iA rppmitii lr> flu* mnk* nf lllj<r4cnTv Amnnir ihnm 1 mny 
■MtttMi Toui HomIh ^iii »f tW lurlinr fif "Tlii> Smi^ nf rh« ShSrl/' diid 
damant BcoU , Cnfw<u>i lu trmomlH'r tliAi L^-ijifli Himt wm, iii bin parly 


awliilo, he retired on a pension ; threw up his journalistic 
engagements in Ijondou, and betook himself to the 
pR'tty town of St. Alhans, in Hertfordshire; his 
companion beiug Fnrderiek IMckens, who had also 
retirt^d on a [jension from the War Office, and John 
Reeve, the oldest eon of the admirable low comedian, 
" Jack"Meeve. 

The younger Keeve laboured under what I have 
always held to be a terrible social affliction. He 
bad mberlted a moderate hut comfortable competence; 
he had nothing to do, and died practically of doing 
nothing. It was while Fred Dickens, with Peter 
and John Beeve, was residing at St. Albans, that 
he discovered that unwashed hermit, whose principal 
garment was a dirty blanket, secured at tbe throat 
by :l skewer, who kept his cheque-book in a fisb* 
kettle, and was accustomed to administer a small silver 
coin and a glass of gin to any wayfarer who could say 
liis jmleruoster iu Latin — tbe hermit was a Koman 
Catholic — and who was made by Charles Dickens the 
pivot on which the stories iu " Tom Tiddler's Ground/' 
one of the Christmas numbers of All ike Year Bounds 



uprox €oiiar, 

!TpU*-<'m»-C!bi!wjr— .^ FuEnily ilh^wir,— Huln— Win H^mirr- F'tmi f"iilli*j-n ^md 
Pr, ilrii*(ir*trLl— A Si.nj- 'it Thju'ktiMy mid ■Jm'i^l* ('tunruin" Uvath iii the 

It wEfi in It^flO that it api:]Oar(Kt to mo tlmt I might 
pGilIi3tf> thp severity of my daily toil if T chjin|;(>d 
tin* voiiue of my tlomicik^ St> oiio Snturclny — tlw 
j^nirmiluV'h S:il»luiil», iii It';ist, wiu-n li»^ clotw not write 
Ipading iLrticlo*i for Ihi* Sitntlay pjtp^rs, we wt*iit Jowri 
Ut Windiior; ditn^d iit (In- i^-ootl old " WhiU- HiLrl. " inn ; 
anil tlion touk u iiy simi ilmve jibmit tli<- nn<:;lib<>iirlto(>d 
wliicli, to UH-, luLN iilwuyri brmi* most cnchauting in 
Euro)>«, in Husireh of a liouse to let. We fouml otu^, 
pTwisely to uur miiiJn at Upton-runi-Chalvey, a littlo 
bitnf a vilLu^e :i fi^w huiulrej yards fmni Sloiiglu Tin- 
houx* wjis knitwii a* UpUin CduH; li. wjts siiiil to luivi- 
bwn originally a "wlJ," or dc[>ciui*.tioy of Merlon 
Al>boy, ami ashur(?dly wue nut Icna than tivo hundi'cil 
y«ftiN old. 1 o<Kij-»ftturt^d that in Stuait tlmo^s r|>toii 
CiMirt had hi'-'M tlu* ]u<U;<* of tho MiwUr of th<* Koyal 
BupkhoLindH ; siticv, to oik- i>f tin- fir<.'.pJa(;i.'»4, l\njrv wii» 
a wroiiglit-irun back, einhiiss*il witli the Royal iinns 
Hnd thi* iiiKnifition ^'OM., Hl'i*!/' or tln^ivahoub. Th*' 
hoU3«e liad a high-piKrhM root i;iiven^d with tluttch. 
a pretty lake in Trutit ; in tfw* grounds, which were 
very cstensive, there v^m ix lovely ruwery, when> no 
lerCK thAn eighteen varieties of the prettiiL*>it ixuA most 
frngnuit flowers in tlie world were ciiltival*Hl; and 
there wertj a wi.'Il-<tt)ek*Hl urehard and iluwer-ganlcn. 
Tlie gmiimlK were upjiroacltcd from u» ohl-fa-Hlii^iit:!] 


pair i>f iron giitea between stone pillars in the high 
road ; but the nearest way ot getting to the place was 
throut^h Upton cburrli^'iird, 

Tln' rii<le forefathers of the hamlet slept just be- 
neath the window of the room which we fixed 
npon as our sleeping apartment ; but the churchyard 
was so green, so peaceful, and, to my thinking, so 
beautiful, that we never troubled ourselves about 
miasma or malaria, or any other scientific bogeys. 
People in the 'sixties lived and died, married and had 
children, pretty much as they do now ; and as Mr. 
Walter Besant would put it, " Tlie world went very 
well then." At present we seem to live in one con- 
tinuous state of alarm about Bacteria and Bacilli, 
Parasites, Microbes, and cc^nate foes. When I was a 
young man Ascaridae, or minute intestinal worms, were 
nearly the only terrors that the scientists used to 
frighten us with ; and Raspail, the French Republican 
and chemist, in his yearly Almanack of Hygiene^ used 
to tell his readers that they might defy the Ascarida^ 
if they ate plenty of spices and drank freely of the 
7J(jn<'ur liaspail^ a nostrum of his own concoction, and 
which wa-s nearly as toothsome as green chartreuse. 

There were plenty of bedrooms at Upton Court, 
and, moreover, there was a Hall, the floor laid with 
tiles, with an open timbered roof. I felt quite baronial 
when I settled the terms for taking Upton Court for 
a year: the ])roprietor being a worthy coal merchant, 
who resided at Windsor town itself, in a house built 
by Sir Christopher Wreu. Of course, there was a Ghost 
attached to Upton Court; but no extra chaj'ge was 
made by my landlord for the phantom. The apparition 
was declared, on the most unimpeachable maid-servant 
testimony, to be that of a lady in a white night-dress, 
and her long hair streaming down ber back. AVhere, 
I wonder, do ghost:! get their night-gowns? Are 
there any coutnn*: ten pour rcvenafiis ? The lady-ghost 

urwy vovHv. 


at U|itoii Cinjri uriuully iipUL^red on Fridiij' nights i 
and wrung tier liands, like Ijadv MucbetH in the play, 
ID a mann<*r pitiable {»o tiiey snxii) U* MioU\. According 
to a charwoman of loijg-cdtablishcKl vcnicity. the ghost 
would ocoa«ionfilly utter a picrcinjr Bcrcam. I never 
Raw this pit(ofo/f dunnif my two years' tenancy of Upton 
Court ; but^ haviii;; to nM up vury latt^ at night writing 
my Tempifi ^rt/" uopy, I cerltiinlv li<'nnl vyn'y ofti*ii tln^ 
fttnin^^t of ]io!m^a. For one sound I i*ijnld» without 
difficulty, account. 

We had thrive varieties of rat:* on the demesne- 
First, the lake was infcsUnl by wattT-nib* ; one of which 
v^m m hufc^. and hiul Kuch very Ion*; grey whiskcrt;, that 
when hf came up in quest of my ducks. I christened 
Inm MaiNlial BHWn^r, He was an inveterate duck-hunter; 
All hfing hut u 1ihindt^*rvr >n thr hw of (in-uruiK niysi^ir. 
I M^nt a note h) my Iandh>r(Vs son. who wan a ^rntlt'inan- 
farrDcr hard by, and a^ed him if he would be kind 
enough to ^tep rrjund and nhoot the* monster. Sub- 
8e<iu*'nt to hict decease, the remain* of no less than six 
ducks were found iu tJie old villains lair. Then cauio 
th« barndoor rats, which strayed into my groundii from 
the ni-i^hbi>tiriiig i"-inn, and Wf-n- sii plump, and so glossy 
an<i tanjc, that oni- ^rcw ainiorit to like tli'.niu Finally, 
there were the mtfi bclilnd tin? old oak panelling in the 
hall and the dining-room ; and an infernal vararrt/c did 
tji03€ rodents nmke during the ^mLiJI hoiira. 1 never 
caught Kight of one of thorny I havo not the )«light<>«t 
idea of their nieang of t'xistenee ■ hut they were historic 
nit«; since I found in an old book of travels in England. 
publtKlieil in th« reign of Qm^en Anne, that the dlft- 
Uithn^iCv in^dt- by thr niU briiiMd thr pam-ls at Upf^tr 
Court Uoust; could only be compared to tlic clatter of 
the hoofs of a troop of hortw. Now another of tho noWs 
which disturbed me rosenibh^d not the tramping of 
lionMf«, but the eninciiing of the gravel in the garden 
OUtnidv by liunian feet; and, putting tim and tlmt 


Iter, I cufiK^ to the- o[iiviion that Uk sound aroM 
m th<> prowling otuuim] of the ^ipfi<^8, with whom 
• neig;hl>ourlioo<[ then aboanded, and who w<?re bent 
on »itvahn^r my fruit »nd inr tir^wuod. 

Mi.»!«t 4rnj(.iv-ihV wiu« intr lift^ ^il Ifpbin Oofirl ; 
although I huin to ^d to Ixtndon ^vi^ry dn^- rxcvpt 
Satuiiiay: hiking the t<^n o'clock exprcji^ fMm Sloitgh 
atutioti to Piuldin^lon. and rotunnng by the six o'clock 
cjcprc?^, which imidc the joum<?y — i^oiwt triglitocii mileH 
II) a^ niuny minuter It wait, \i\ fact, si poruon <»f 
the train koown as the '* FIjinff Dutchman ; * and the 
rri;ig^^^ desiini'd Tur Slough wcn^ hit<^bod off &t 
King* Lmigl'^v, and mn into Shnigh hy tlifir nwn 
momcntiim. I had a Aexxr yoimg friend, an arti«t, 
named WiHiam l!<>incr, the brotherr of the wife of 
R-jbert JIr<»ii^li, He wiis a \'cry capiiblo ]>ain1or, and 
mi^fht hnvL' done great tbiiieH H h<_' iiud Uvtrd ; lie »t4iyt<l 
witii us many months at Upton Court, pamtin^, and 
koepinjf my wir»> company, Suturday *vas our general 
holiday. Nrvt»r «hnll \ forgi-b thf drlif»iuns nimblt^ on 
a Hunimer Dvening across the Playing Plrldrs to Kton ; 
through the meiidowji t^i IJatchet ; and then, sometimes, 
t*^ Sitit Hill, unil to f>lijkc Fogii*- I went ov^r t*' Klon 
College one alUrnoon, and paid a vinit to IJr. tioodford, 
tin* then Ke;iil Muster of the sohw*!, u plump, cheery 
cleric, ill u bliLck silk eiisstvck. He received nie vi»ry 
affably in his library ; and told me how sore he felt at 
ptnmir KtrirJ.iins wliieh \\iilA m-f'nfly Iven p»>nncd on th« 
nianagr^incnt of the school in the CorrriiU. ThoM 
strictures were written by the late Mr, Matthew 
Higgins, the " Jacob Omnium " of the 7Vw*, Jle was 
of U'ftst Indian exlnwtion; and so esceptionally tall, 
tliat of hirn and Thacker;4y, who was likewise a stun of 
Aiiak, theri.' is told tlie story \h:ii hInvi they onoe 
rffpair<?d togt^lher to the ligyptian lUll, where Ohung, 
or Aome other giant, was on view, at a shiliing a 
hood admission, the money-taker refused to take their 

trpTo^r voritT, 



frnjffin-e<l ca^h, ftayiug tlmt be could not accept money 
rom profeKsionals. 

Djirkly aekI iliHtiiictly f^tandfl out in my Tnomr>ry, 
ami iK^vor, prol«il*ly» U> W oniMMl thurt^fruiu. oin.* wintry 
morning 'it Uploii Court It was in 1S61, in December i 
witbin a forlnijfbt of Cbristnias. As it came liappily 
oli^HtH' iitLil ciitsiTUpoti list, w»* won- iimkiiiij jjnnit prcpjirii- 
tionx f»r tbi* joyouf^ fi-stivnl. A ynh log hafl bepii 
<>rdered; tberp was to be fluap-ilragou in the Hall, tlio 
** niammeTA " — tliere wi^re ininnnnTJs in those ilayw — were 
to come oxcT from Plough and »i»g carols on Clirif^tmibs 
Evr : mid ttio y.*ot>k biid mudo nt loawt ii dozen plutn 
ptidditi^ and s. wliole army of mince piep. It has 
always been my belief that it it: a f^d thing tu be^iii 
i^titiTi}^ yinir phini piiildtngs rmni Uir fii'<^t W'c-k in 
iJi'Conibcr, ^uftly and *^i\n.iually. *o as to iirejxin' yonrself 
for the seriouH debilitation of those and other daintie."^ 
on CitrintniaH Day ; ami he^idi.-i, we lm<l iitrd lor nmny 
puddinj^, i*iiiOi', ixti our j^uc*it- chum hoi's wiTc uuim^roiip, 
relnyii of frienJu utiod to come Jcwn to stay from 
Sflturrlay till Monday witli us. On I'Mtiay, the I3tb, 
it HtntcK uit>, AS we liai) a lar^ri* party in tb(^ limine, 
tlmt 1 liliould lik<T to pasn Satitrdny, 8uuday, and 
Monday at Upton Court i ho 1 made arrangemoutn 
ith roy friend* in l'eterb>rou);b Uourt Ut b<! absent 
Trom tho olliet* on Sunday and Monday, pixiviitvi 
always that Koniotbin^ whi^ih thi> tvboli^ Ko^li^h 
nation was (.Ireadirig. (Ud not bapp4.>n. The wh'^ and 
good Prioco Consort was lying desperately sick at 
Windiior Ca*tle. 

Wc dinNi on the ni^jlit of Saturday, the 14th. tgnietly 
but cheerfully; still 1 own tbat my mind wits fruni 
to time perturbed, and tbat it waiidr^red tc Wind- 
r'» hoary keep and the illufitrioufl invalid there- We 
went bi'timoaA to bed; but I was up on the morrow 
at break of day. I liastt^ned into tin- gardini siml ^i/,wl 
acroiiii F)atcbet Mead towards WindKor. TIil* mist^ 


,v.|/,jV UFt: ATth AnVKSTUHKs. 

were risiugf from tlje ficlil^, Imt I cvuM jvihI dimly 
s*? in tlie distance the Round IVwer and ihf Jto^^a/ 
SfaMt/arri t/ti/'mnitf Ait^A, Tlie Prince Consort vf^st 
dira<1 or ritnrM* I h^il to 1i;v«t4-ii l<i LuiLrlou, and 
to tbe office; and I wrote tlic fif^t and tlie fourth 
Ifadin^ articlen, dwelling on the lamentable disaster 
which iiad or('unv<K and ^{KMking; with tho tvvereut 
*y"it>i*tliy, (^»( wlii^rh my liettrt was full, '>f the terrible 
bereavement which had fallen, like tk thnnderbolt» on 
the best of QiieeuH^ the he*t of wives, the hewt oE 
motlN-rs, whii wa* tb-^ii, as >he ih now, i^mlorti^Hl by 
ilir iin^jnenchrihlv loyally and tlie in4?xlin^i?«babh' lov«' 
of her subjecU- 

A tew day^ afterwards it wa^ my daty U> attend 
the fnncnii of the Prince Consort in St. tieorgeV ChapcK 
it wftji a beautirully solomn. simple eeremfujyn X<rt & 
vuiforin, not an official in court drew* wdK to be seen in 
the Chapel; even Garter, when he proclaimeil the fttyle 
imd titles of the d''i-i*;iM'il Prim^, wore iieillii-reruwn nor 
tnlMud. The only symbol of »tate in €L>nnection with 
tha interment wjm the booming of the minute gunti 
diBchorsreJ in the Park by a battery of Horse Artillery. 
The reprt'sentativew nf Liu' ]>res«, wl»en ihey attend Atiit* 
functions in St. Gecr^o's Cbapel, an.' nn^ilariy well 
nccoinmodated. They are pW-ed over the ro*>J-*icreen, 
or rather in its nmJern MuhHtittitt" the oiyiiii-hift; 
so that they onii g4L7,c butli rasi aiifl from tJie 
great door of entrance to the sanctuary and the 
ultar. TbuH, wo could soe the funend cor/ej^^ slowlj 
moving u1on<^ the strip of black car{xt laid on the 
marble pavement of tlie nave; and then^ n*ver«inf; 
our poitlrictn, w*.' eould watch the proet'ssiori ns jilowly 
p;Lx^iii^ into the choir; the inouruers sileittlv tuking 
their places in the sUi]h allotlfd to them. The j^rave. 
or Itoyal tomb-housL*. was in fiout of tlie altitr; and 
by meauK of a simple mechuniefd jirran^ment tlie 
coffin *ank nlowly. alinast irn perceptibly, indeed, into 

rpTox contT. 


tlic grari>, there to reiniiiii until the completion o( 
tlii^ ftuyal Maui^olotim at Fn>f*inoret 

At tlie time of the Priin^?*s tjc^nth tlie whole country 
wa* a^i^ oil tilt* »ii]bj<-(<iur ilie jippnu^hiu^ Tii1frn;itu>ri>k1 
KiliilitlioTi of 18(12. Tlii^ ilis|>l:iv hnnt^lii to^i'ttit-r on 
th<> Ist of May in that year wa* larger, inoiv vawrl, 
and moie f*plenihd than that of the \Vt»rltl'a Fair of 
1 861 ; but to mc th<- glorio*^ of the Seconil IVropK* 
did not oqiml those of thij first. I i^eonllM rf^^Tctfnlly 
(fekTs Crv«tLd Fountaiu, Kiss's " Aninzoti, * »ii<l llie 
"Ctunical C'reattires frum Wilrtemberg" — a marvellDUsly 
dri>ll and artistic gathering of small stuffed aniniafs 
j>iaying at rjinlw, Oi'*tJng» tlrinking. diincinK' ^""^ 
playing on muMcal instrumentfl. I missed the tall 
old \K^ which thp woodman had spared in '51, and 
which stood tindor tho crystal dome of Faxton'H 
ui)iiur|>a«si>d fiiru»!ture. Otlitr differeiic^s of a notable 
kind oKirtttxl botwt^en the (init and second Exhihltione. 
Tlie hnildiiig. deHi^ned by an officer iti the Royal 
Eii^iiii-rrs, was an i-xtrt*mt-ly hideous one; partaking, 
»> J tiiouglit, ecjnally of the jinpect of u workhouse, 
u public bntik and wa>^li-liouse, and a ^uol ; and I ven- 
tured to say flo in a speech which I made eoon after 
the opening of th<f Eslkibltion at a meeting of the 
Society of XrU^ fjoni Ciranville wm In tln^ chnir, 
and Mvrnf'd highly amused at th*' vitntMmitivi* hinij;uFi^e 
whieh i felt constrained in tlie interefit of civil architecture 
to use with regard to tlie disastrous barracks wliich the 
gallant otticcr ol" Suppers an<l Miners had evolved out of 
hiM internal consciou:«ne«s. Insidi* tlie Kxlnbition, how- 
erer, everytlnng was on a grand ecale; and the display 
presented two conspicuous departures from the lines laid 
down in 18ril. In that ytiir tn> modern weapon of \^ar 
vtiw in \w %ri7ti in iW- puhittr of ^^lasK imd in>ii. In ISfiS 
ftec^tion after section showed cannon, gun. muskets rille<i. 
pistola, swords, daggers, and other munitions of warfare. 
The proiijot<^r» of tlK* First Exhibition had thought, 


good aouls ! that the thousaiid years of war were over, 
and that the thousand years of peace were to be 
inaugurated; but they had awakened from that dulcet 
dream in {>i\2. Solfenno and Magenta had been 
fought, and the great American Cinl War was im- 

Then again, a great change liad come across the 
official mind with regard to the nature of the refresh- 
ment to be supplied to visitors at the Exhibition. In 
1451 tho creature comforts sold were light, not to say 
poor, and no alcoholic beverages were procurable. In 
lsC)-2 a firm of refreshment contractors opened first and 
second-cla-ss restaurants and ^ttffefs, where everything 
excisable could be purchased without let or hindrance. 
I was present on the 1st of May when the Second 
Exhibition wsis opened on behalf of the Queen by the 
Duke of Cambridge: the young Prince of Wales being 
absent from England. 

Tt wa« in 18()5 that I made the acquaintance, under 
sufficiently odd circumstances, of the late Mr. Beresford 
Hope. Some journalistic colleague of mine told me 
that tliere was to be a public meeting held in the 
venerable Chapter House of Westminster Abbey, which, 
for many years past, had been officially desecrated ; its 
curiously painted walls having been concealed by 
wooden pigeon-holes, which were stuffed with old 
records, few of them of any value; the bulk being 
ancient writs, and other legal processes on parch- 
ment. My colleague said that he had been desired 
to ask me to attend this meeting : — not for the purpose 
of reporting it, which I was totidly incapable of 
doing, but for some other object. So down T went 
one forenoon, and found the ancient Cliapter House 
full of Church dignitaries, including the then Dean 
of Westminster, Dr, Richard Chenevix Trench, after- 
wai'ds Archbishop of Dublin, The Bishop of Oxford, 
afterwards of Winchester, and popularly known, no 


mail can X*M why, ;is "Soapy Sviin/' wa» il*o pretieDt; 
imcl tltorc wji« Ixnndi's ii spritikliri)^' of diNtiii^uI^lit^cl 
liivmeii. My rollea^UL* toolv me up ttj iiu attiletk-lLiiikiii^ 
iiiid(lle*agi'd ^entleniini in vvlunn he preseiit^d tae, 
ami 1 yvm Wld tluit the middlc*a^iMl g«utleinaD was 
Mr. Bcrosford Hope. 

To toy amazement, the Lord of Doepdone shook 
me warmly by th*? hand; waid h*> wtw very (jlad io 
jHeo tnv Uii-re, iukI utikt^A nw if 1 would I»* ko kind 

t«M tu say n few words iidvuuating tht* ^•^^►rHLioii of 
Uie much degraded Chaptt*r iIovi*ie, Yuu may iisk why 
I vrah a^tonishHl at tlie^ bluiid rrHjUfjit. I watt «ui- 
pmcd bfoau^e Mr. Burtffcnl Hope wiis Iht- proprietor 
of thL' Sainnla^ Kcrfcrr, What ! I. the i*,'norumii*<, 
the ch^Hrlatun^ the borrower from Lempritjre. thij 
parrot copier of heraldic niottoo?* — 1, forsooth! vean 
to nxdkv u s|>e''ch in llie presence of Bi^iliop*, lieant*, 
M.P/s. iUiJ I'VIloWB of the hociety uf Antiqttttri^H But 
1 ftaw the humuur of tlie thing at once, Mr. Ucrci^ford 
Hope knew that the journal wliich wan m eon^i^^tcntly 
gihiid id in the Satuniatf hud reachi*d an enoruioua 
circulHtion and ])o^?^1>nticd ^mut »*ociaI iutUiuuce. Some- 
body must ha^e told him that I posfiessed a capacity 
for expre»i»ing my th<;u^lit« in tolenibly cohHreiit ^peeeli. 
CuiiHr(|iii*nily, and lery ^^-nnbly, Mr. HiTt*!<l'iird Hope 
thought Hkit the caUAe of the restoril idi 'f the Chnpter 
llomic might be not ineffectually M-Utd ,t^ well by my 
ton^c aa by ray pon. I toJJowed Bishop Wilberforc^, 
who steenied porpldxed to know where the itiouoy wag 
to come from fur the renovutiuti of the Chapter Honf^o; 

Lmlthoygh be hopefully alluded to what he called 
" tlioiie inexh^uHUblo tiiilL-h-euws, i\\v KLi-lt-siaHtical 

I have a very Jiiint remembrance of what my owa 

F0poech was like. I only know that 1 doubted the 
willingncfia of Parliament to vot^ a ^utiicicnt t^nni 
o£ money to curry out the rttstorution : olwervin^ in 


my dutomary tone of yoathful insolence that the 
fiononrable House was more incluied to squander 
the national resonrces on engines of w^t than on 
workff of peace ; and that he would have the greatest 
chance of obtaining a large snm of money from the 
Honse of Commons who invented a machine for 
propelling the lai^est quantity of hetl-fire the longest 
possible distance. Singular to relate, the bishop and 
the dignified clergy did not look shocked at my rash 
utteranceSj aod I was told that my speech was a success. 
At ail events, when the meeting was over, I had the 
honour of walking from Poets' Corner to Trafalgar 
Square with an Archdeacon. I hope that it did me 

I was afterwards made a member of the Hestoration 
Committee, which was joined by ray friend William Hep-' 
worth Bi^toQ, of the Athenaaiu, and by Lord Talbot de 
Malahide : the last-named a ripe antiquary, and I should 
say a rather waggish peer \ since bis lordship is credited 
with leaving called the octagonal stone pulpits, which 
were then coming into vogue again, " parson-coolers/' 
I had to go abroad, however, shortly afterwards, and the 
lieetoration Committee knew me no more. For the 
time being the project of restoring the Chapter House 
came to nothing, and it was not until 1805 — Mr. Glad- 
stone being Chancellor of the Exchequer — that, Parlia- 
ment having voted the necessary funds, the restoration 
of the antique structure was begun, under the auspices 
of that consummate Gothic architect, Sir Gilbert Scott. 
The late Lord Henry Gordon Lennox was Chief Com- 
missioner of Works when the restoration was completed. 
He was a great friend of Edward Lawson ; and one 
allernoon he came down to the office to fetch 
Mr. Lawsou and myself, so that we might go down 
to Westminster and survey the structure which, under 
his tedilesbip, had been restored to its primeval dignity 
and beauty. 




fllr IWiriri AnnJtl, T*rnrt 41111 ,Iinini:p!i'il--"T'lrt/ilfij?" l.uiEi^ Vm-t^ — Mr. Alfrvd 
Aiuttn'-"'nir ;St'Vt|] Ocdb of Bluuimoii"— SVhy wp iJrink !«** thim 

It was stmrtly after the tlcatb of the Princi- CVnsnrt 
thiit. ! WcjiiiK- ciwarc ul" ilir pri'Mna* of <i nrw leading 
article-writer in the columim of the Baif^ T^i'^rupk. 
Memb(.'n> of the >taD~ of grtat daily pupc^t^ <1*> not, ^ ii 
rule, M-i* much ofoiio another. 1 \\\\A my uwa room ut 
tiie office- ; and although I occasioniiliy met Honicc St. 
Jobu, 1 nevE*r conferred with Lim on journaliHtif: matters. 
With re*peet to the luticleM T wa« tiJ write 1 waw mdy 
Illy i-dijxii-, Mr- J- M, Tjpvy, or hln sou Kdwanl. 1 wjw 
]Do«t forcibly impr«ai«cd hy the etylc of the new k-ader- 
writer i replete aa it was with rehiied scholaralup, with 
eloquent diction^ and with an Oriental cxuberoiico of 
epithet*?. Some of the leadvw — giving' i-xprev»]on to tbu 
univcn^ti] feeliuf^ of symputhy for, ^nd condolenca witli. 
Her Majesty in her bittt'r here-AwnR-nt — struek roe afi 
being about the niocit pathetic utter^iiices in poetic [irotia 
tlut I had rv(?r Ti^iLd. But it wa:* the Eanteni ^imniu 
of thcT^L- articli^ which mont attnKted my attention and 
excited my udmiratLou. It oc^onrrcd to nit ouc day to 
ask Edward Lawson who the g^'ntleman mi^ht be who 
wrotv »4o felieitoutily about the Nilotic Huttt^rfiy and 
the wicred rivers and tein|jl<'H of burning IndV He 
told me tb»t the writ^-r wh* a gr?ntlrinari nrwly Arrived 
from India, and that gentleman \& now my very g^Ksd 
friend. Sir Kdwin Arnold, K.C.LE,, C.«.l. 

Shortly attrr thif* diwovery 1 wn.'* dining with the 




lafcc S. H. Dallas, of the TuHfi, and hU wifi\ who had 
been the talented /ra^imiif', Isabella <tl;n, &t their 
reBidf^nce in Hanovor Square. Among the gucjatfl were 
Sir Edvrin Luudsccr aud Jamos HaatU)- ; uihI in Uie 
counsi* of the evening the ccmversatioD turned oit » 
leader iu the IMify Tftf^raph, ia which— altudiiig to 
some ^xcei>titkiiully MCAn<Lth»UM divorce cam', which yfi^s 
then th« talk of thp town — tlif writt-r ob*L'rvi'd Uiiit 
comments on such a caae woald bent be mode, not in the 
English language* but in Latin. James Haniuiy, who 
wiir* Kally a very competent CiaToniau atui Horattan 
scholar, had & er^z^ that no journalist s;ive bmi«clf wub 
entitled to claim any familiarity with the Latin tongue; 
and ubservtjd, with a chuckle, that " the dog " — meaning 
the author ttf tin- arlurlr in <|ue»iiiiTi — tniglit^ if he 
essayed to deal with the j^jjctxh of old Koiik\ experi- 
ence fioiue dilHcnlties iu connection with the sal^UDctire 
mood. The artic^le wa4 none of mine ; but 1 conjectured, 
I know nut with how inucli rea&on, that it wa^ from the 
pen of the geutleman who wrote ^ eloquently about 
the Nilotic Butterfly ; and I liomewhut hotly told 
Haiiniiy thai, tii thi* bt-st of luy knowledge and belief, 
th(; author uf thr? vA^cby at which hi^ was sneering was a 
Master of Arts of Oxford, the wimicr of the Ni^wdigate 
prize for his English poem on the FeuKt of Belsha/aar, 
and who had bet^n subaequently appointed Principal 
of tlic Sanskrit College at Poona and Fellow of the 
Univerijity of Bombay; luid thut in ail pi^bahility he 
had forgotten more Latin and Qrvek thuu Hnunay 
ever knew. 

Dalla?^ and Landtieer were highly amused by my 
taking up tbt^ cud;^eltf iu defence of a coiluugue con- 
cerning whose identity I was not at nil certain. Nor 
have I ever known, to this day, whether Sir Edwin did 
or did not write the impuguod leader. If he did not 1 
beg liis pardou. In auy caKi% T liavt* never ceaaed to 
pntertain tlie siucerejft appr^atiou of the genius, both 



as a poet and u prohc-writcri of Sir Kdwiu Arnold. 
The diillebt, hardost-headed of prosera myself, I love 
the divitip art of p<>eiiy \vith passioniito devotion; 
and liiU'T I Hiiu ili'iu] lUv Wf>Hd ^ill f;ee, f )i(i|h-, tht- 
coinQKiiiphu:^1iTjiiks wliitrli I liav*? filled with pxtniut« 
trotti tlio gieat^At iiiasterfi of poetry to aucient aud 
modt^rn tiinis. TJiiiaH a» a iiuiul^ltr profen^or of pnwe, 
but tm ohc wlioin I'rovidutice hue blessed with tho faculty 
of »(1nLirutioii» [infl who hiis never bo^u t-nviou* of ]iU 
Kiip4?riors in letteri^. I V4?iiti]ri> to plauL* Edwin AmoM, 
aii a ix*et, next after Algeruou Charles Swinburoe : next 
to him Alfred Aui^iiii ; next, LewiA Morria, uikI iit'xt 
Willitttn Murri*. Contirniiig tht* poi'U^sws it wfiuld Ui 
invidiotiA to say anything. The remainder of Um male 
bard-H or woidd-bo hnrd-^ are, to my mind, only »o much 
It-ather and pruni-lla, 

Tiiikin£r of Alfred Austin, 1 nmile whoii 1 romenihv^r 
my fiwt rae^'t.iiiR with thiit i*U'1(hd1 fitf9:rafi'ttn It 
must have be^ii ^lorne iiitie in 1S()^. Tfmph liar waM 
(wyuig its way, hut was ual making a mint of monE-y ; 
iiud Sir. -lohn Maxtvell, its jiroprietor, wa^ not iinli-<- 
po5ed to sell the copyright oi the ma^u^ine for a i^ouud 
Hum. 1 had linitihed my navel of '* The Seven Sous of 
Mammr-n," Maxwell had relinqiiitthed his rights of 
" di'aillock '' on the republieation of the fiction for 
n hijniln*il poiiiiiIk; mill Tinitli^y HnitheiH, *>{ (^lihe* 
rine Street, had givtni nie five hundred ]iouiiils for 
live years' right of mning the romance. But that 
i*um was not enough to purchase the 'J'emjjfe Heir. 
Yut4-H wa?* in the r.*ceipt ijf a handsome salary at the 
General Post Oilice ; but he needed i^ll his income, and 
all he ixadd earn by a^fjiduoas literary Jubuur bebidi.^, to 
keep up tliat whieh he eumiidered U> In.' ]>nj|jer stat*- and 
dignity, hMmnnd likrd hixnry, and krpi iiin hron^hAm 
aud pair with a gi'ooni and co7u:hnian in buckskin and 
** pickle-jarfi," to say nothing of a sleek hack for 
Hding in ICotten \{^\\\ loii^ nt^fore ^e and intirinity 




lie tu Wire IL Luinbic rtw/^' from u job-iuast4.T. 
IRnond and enb-cditor, therefore, au^e^ted Uiat 
young Mr. Al&ed AuUin was jmt the kiud of 
jfenll^man U> eonu- forward with a portion of th<* nec*^- 
Muy fiiiiiU for hiiying TrmpU' Bar. Ht^ wam a gf*iiiiish ; 
lie was proi^petous ; Ite was etmff^etic. So a little cltiim*r 
]wrty wa;* got njj at Yatefi'p* reMid^Mice, whicli 
then somewhcn.' in St JotiuV Wood. I ktiow i 
WAV m i\\Vkt district; bucim-«c lu^ foil iitt^j u mighty n 
with 1119 wh^a I hinted that the mormls of St, Johti'B 
Wood were not, in those days, wholly free from 
ivproach. Some months afterwards, when he moved into 
uth'T f|tmrfj'i':<, hi" iTir(il<»iil*»lly i^*lil mt*. thiif 1>U y\v\i 

Jdoor ui^igbboui> u.t 8t. Jolin'^ Wood had bt-i-n, on one 
i^idc, MesdciuoisoUeij LrK Phrync, and AsnoaiD ; and on 
the othi?r nide a gentlemaa deprived of hi9 reason, and 
who wa» occasionally wont to eACii[w from hJn keeper, 
and (lun^ wild suruhaiidm on the hiwn la a vo«tiiine 
wbich Lhu Hpuuiards call ffn rm^rvo, and llu- ]l4.-d indiam 
*-dl face," 
Mr Alfi^d Aiuftin, when we came to t^tlk huHineftft, 
ta-jirtvid me iu what I considere^l U> ho ;i rath^T rff? icat 
ejt 6av uniiiiK'T. I lialf thought thsit ho wae oJ opuiioa 
tllitt I Iiad borrowed ray Kuit of evcninjj dress from 

(Messrs, Blat^kford, of Ilolywell Street: and then it 
hudtleuly oi^cuiTHfl til rm? that I liud l^vn reHilhi^ a 
poi*ni of his called '*Thr Ht^ison/' in whieli I was 
ulludt'd to AS the inhabitant of u garret, " wi'appin&f 
my rags around me as [ wrote." Considcrii^: that 
at the time named I had tui income from one fioiirci! 
or another of at least forty poundK a wef'k ; Uiat I hud 
he<.*n eIe(Jtl^(I a lui'mU'r rl th<< Hi.'forin (^tiib, aind wjis, 
atWr a tnannt^r, a ivnintry wjnin\ I nei-d sc*vrf^ly say 
that the allusion to the garret and the rags was the 
cause ot" niuoh laughter in the domefttic circle at Upton 
Conrt. llrjw little people htiow about on*? another, to 
he sure! There wiis brilliant, whole-wouled Mattliew 


ArtLold. who was so very foiul of MiArlin^ and sneering 
at tli^ jouruu]t8t!4 w}kie)i Iiu ciilkd tUc "yoiinf; Hons <S 
lh« Durf^ J'fUffrafJi" Hk-ss ui< iiud ^avo us ! When 
Ikp W116 j^l^iti^r '^<>t]^^ of th4< writ^iH ishom ho assaiJi^d 
wer^ grtjwiiig middle-aged Uon»; and tlirt^e of u* ut 
leAHi, nlvj yul rontinui* in roHr djily in I. In- i^nlunins ui 
Mii^ Mi/(/ 7Wf''//trj//i — fMwiii Arnold, rnincis Ijjiwlt^y, 
luid nif^^lf — arc rathor ancient lioufi. Many year> 
jiTtorwarctb I met Matthew Ani«Ul at the h^ni.M- ol Mr. 
Georg*- Uiit4heIl,now Under-St'cretapyat. the H^'iuuUtlicc, 
and we had much intrritnent about t\u'. y*nm^ lions. 

Am refifjmU Ui<? negotiations with Mr Alfred Austin , 
th«^y had no ]>raotio'il isHUt^ Kitn aUci I did nut 
meet tor a very long time; but vt'han I did havt? th« 
pleasure ot renewing my acriuaintiiuce ^A'ith hitn 1 had 
read "Tbc Hnmiui Tnigcdy. ' " Thi- Gulden Age." 
** Lovo'fi Widowhood," and many other o! hia 
encliUDtici<; puemi^. Naturally, my mind revertw 
Muinetinit's to Llie lines about the ^urn-t and the ra^s 
hi the- MLtire of " The Hi^a.^ion/' »hini riifd:iiiMn1^ hy tliu 
way, a Hne that might iiave been si-^u'd by ro|ie, 
or 8wirt, ov Churchill, It was a description ot a 
faahionublo dinn<,'r-[)arty ; and the arrival of the 
gi*nth*men when they joined the UAWs in tlid 
diuwinff-rooiii wan thuM tor^iuly summed uji — 

Ueiitienien took tJi«ir wine, and a gruit dctd uf it, in 
l^Qi. Not all the two and thrvo UittU* men bad jrit^^ed 
AWuy i hilt 1 attribiiti' the (dealing .ulvcut of atti.r- 
dinmn' abstinence from port, sLierry, and daret at the 
ooiivluiiion of the repast to two euuset*, Firnt, the 
introduction of the ^ierviee a !fi liitMHf, which ahHulvtHt 
hoatA frotu tlie obli^'atinn (if c;ir\iiig, and h-iE to the 
ininidurtion ot li^ht and elegant ilinncr*, in phice of 
the heavy keils which required to be wiiflicxt dowti 
by potent beverages. It you will look at Uichard 


Doyle s cartoon of a dinner-party in t-be "Manneis 
and Customs of tbe English/' in the CorMiilt Ma^tuine^ 
published in I ^61 , you will see tbat the host ifi earring ; 
and more than that, when the whole of the dishes were 
placed on the table, other ^ests were expected to cure 
the viaods nearest to their hands. This led to niucb 
overeating on the part of tbe company, to much fatigue 
Oil tbe part of tbe carvers, and the subsequent recnitting 
of exhau»ited nature by swilling an exceflsive quantity of 
wioe b.fore the gentlemen joined the ladies. But a ftf 
more important agent in abolishing the brutal custom 
of drinking wine after dinner, was that patronage of 
smokiug which we owe to the Friuce of Wales. 


ciiArrKU XXXV. 


^h* IHiufr of WitWfe WMdinff— Tko Ib^. J, M, C- HtflUw—AJi A<LyriiUr>' 
vith the Palioo— PiniruJtini ni JniirrkPilixU l>il^ dumboL-lmint JiUri Uuof 

— Jhihu Cinnt ntnl hi* iXiiimr— Hi* ATilii;iMriiui BlutK^nr*- A 'M*** ' In 

Tub year 1*^05 wa« to i«© very eventful, 1 Imd left 
Uptoa Court and taken :i hou*;*? in Guilford Street, 
ItuKsrll Sniijuv Kivrly in Miinli t.lit* JliNr-Ajijiaiviil *if 
the Britiidi ('uiwn was* murrird tn ilif Priiicrss Ali'x- 
atidra of Denmark. Hi^ Koynl Hig)me»^ went down 
to Dover to fetch his bride elect ; and we jounmlififc 
had A hard time of it when tli(? Hoyal jiair entrred the 
MMropolifi. Wi' hri:iikf!isU*tl :jt (]iiih]1uUI, wlu^re the 
City authijritios wcrt' ull urltauity iv us, mid 
that a coiiplt? of cArriageH, in which eight m uh 
Wfir hr.-*t^»wed, should form [mrt of thft mvic pro- 
eeAstoii which w*iv* to meet the IVince and Princews- 
Henrj' Kumscy Forster was. of course, to the fore, 
ad the reprc'sentativc of the Morjthjf Pmi i anJ. in 
the interest of some other paper ^ — the name of 
which h^ escaped me — wiis the llev. J. M. CV Bt^Ilew, 
who had W'i'h onr of my ctjiilrihiitur* to Tfmpft* 
Hitr. A notic^ahle personage the Itev. J. M. C licUcw, 
father of the extant clevw and well-known actor. 
He Lifcd. I iK'lieve, for a time, performed iiaccrdotal 
functions at Calcutl<i, whiTC hi?* congregation waa very 
fond of him, and pre^'oted him with a ltfo-t^iKe<l por*- 
trait of himHelf. Returning to England » he wii»( fur il 
whiU ininiAter of a church in Regent Street, near 



Vfirroj's; Uit^n lie Imd anotlur cure of souls s<jtii*>wl>cre 
ID the Urgent 'ti Park ; and at the time of the marriage 
of tite PriiUM* 111* w:iM officiitjii^ af u pnipriet^^ 
frhajK*! iti llliMfiikKlinry, Sii1isH|ii>-iit.1v Ix' JuiiiihI Uie 
BomHii (-Vthcilic Communion . ]>oMibly ivith tbc idea 
of becomiDif a priest of that church i but he ovcr- 
Iftoki^il thp rircn instant** that although the Church cf 
Knglaiul rotvii^niM-M UoiuanL>t Ordei-iJ^ Wi^ Cfiurch o( 
Komc fWn not n^ciprot^uto thai thfolot^ieiU «ourto^\ 
Ultimately Mr H^lk-w bocaiiK- » uubHc Itctiiivr, tjihiu^ 
8hakefl|>eaLre fur lii^ tliern^*, aiirl ilhistrating his leetureii 
hy mrADH of strenery, ca^^tumi^d grou{w. and rhoruf^A. 
Ilr wiv« u horn actor i luid hA<l hr .%<*n<Hii*l>- ado|>tc<l th^ 
fitugo a.H 11 profcAsioti, wouhl hiire attaitKcl, J should i^iiy. 
considerable repute> Supremely luiudsoiue* of cdiD' 
maiidin^ presence, with a dulcet jet sonorous voice, 
and jH-rlcct ^iiLniciatiiiii, be li;jd every n<<|iiLMti* fijr 
the roakinf' of a tnigic a€t.4>r Mr wji?>, withal, siii 
excellent fellow, full of mirth and ioufiomi'-. 

\\i^. duly futci'ed oiu" caniagc on the eventful 
moniing, and proceeded at a fimul's pace towarda 
Loudi^Ti Brid^^> ; but our proj^ro^fi ^sla so tediouK that 
Forster und I n^t't'd thut but for tin- dignity of tluj 
thiuff — as till* gentleman said, ^\\iy was the occupnnt of 
a iieda»i diiuip i»F which tlie buLtom fell out — we might 
•L» woll biivt.' walStE-d i and> by the time we reached the 
end of Kin<f WjIIij^mi tStrLVt, wc hiuU- farewell to 
dignity alttppL'UuT, uud bctn^ all pnjvidi.*d with polictj 
pasK6, made the best of our wiiy acroiis London Bridge, 
which was splendidly decorated for the oceasitjn, and 
liiiKti'iifil t(j the ■ liricklayers' Anns" gooda station^ 
wh(?rc tbc 1'riuci.r and Priiicej^s wcrtr t*^ arrive. N«vcr 
did 1 behold such an astounding multitude as that 
which crammed every foot of ground on the line of 
march when Albert Kdward and Alexandra of Dvnmnrk 
eutiTud thr City. At the Mansion House the Koj'al 
and i\\is uivtc proee^inionK w^re mingled in hopeless 

MAFXLY AHOrr A irf;n/)wa 

conf Lii^ioit i nay, tliei^ were ovoti blru^k i^thmne^K of 
loyal subjects betwl^ea 0114^ batch of curriu^eis uikI 
nnotlier In vnin Uid tlip esmrl, of T^iH* Giianlw antl 
3«1jt>n^ iMxlirv of City |i(ilK:f itii Uirir lH.<^t t<i kt^-|j nt ^ 

cheering. *:houtiD2, hatv-aviiie poopk* who were pivusinfc 
round the Royal carriojic- Thoy canic so close that i 
»aw til** I'rin'^i^sB lay hor hand ciiivssin^Iy *'n th«* Kho(*k 
bf'iul of 11 lit|]r<]u'tv hr-;tt, whom lii^ incithi^r. jKissibly 
to <ijive th'- uri'lkTii frniii hehiij hiiniH-Jif'.Nl. wtiA liolrbn^ 
lip. Thu-s iioLimlin^ and phin^siiig: iimi suigiug through 
Die IhoroughfaiVf* went thr mv'%r fmin the MariMon 
Hoiiitc, throu|;h IMuiLpsidc, and Liulfjatc, ami Fleet 
Stre*>t: the* mob nwirin^ loud oiiou^'li to blow down thi* 
Willis of half^a-dozeu Jertchoea. 

At Teniph* Bar u curious diversion took place. 
Thfre thf rtvi^r proce-^Mion left tht- RoyEtl pmly ; tind :i 
ittr<»n^ Ixjily <A' ttii* MotrupMlitun [nianit<*i1 polint having 
seen the lioyul carriages and the Lif'^ (jruard* safely 
through the liar, proceeded to charge, with the 
intention, ko it se^mod to me, of tiuinpling under tlie 
hoofft of tlieir hofftew the lontr-JtufTerint; ^ronp of 
joun^u!iTit>i, of w'lioin I \va« one. I remember that one 
*)i our iininlk'r wa>i Mr, John lieij^hton. wt'lUknowii ha 
a ea|iit;k) larieatnrist under titr jtMuKlonyiii of '* Luke 
Liinurr," am) the ;Ltithor of an amu^in^ little book ou 
the eapriccA oi' riuhion, calked " Mjwirc Natura." I 
don't know whether Mr> Lei^liton had anything to do 
with any new-<pa|ier of the period, or how he came to be 
one of 1hi- journalistic erew ; he had, apparently, been 
Imnfing tlnit UKtrning, lor he W4« got up in a grasfi- 

S^reen txuttnv and cords and gaiterrt^ and nouri<ihed his 
LUDtiDg crop; and thiA odd gtii^e seemed no to eiajiperate 
one mounted conntablo that he " w^^nt " if]>ecially for Mr. 
Lii|;ht<>Ur auj'1 t^Hsnyed to goad liim vioh^ntly bavk into 
Fleet Street. Fortunately, I had at the time the 
qiiefi|ionab)endv!int:ige of l>eiiig "known to the police^ " 


ftAUs lifTK AA'o ar>rir.vrf7ffjc>v. 

mini- uDil pilotoril isc tliraugfa tliU sljghtly tuo active 
vqaadmn of cavalier coiutabm. 

UV fallan-cHl the procession on foot n^ Tar aj; PnH 
Mall : but iiiit withiiiii iiiH> fiiuil nib(1ti|), k-Iik'Ii occuiTe^t 
clcne to the p«)tipstrian i^atue of George III. Op carae 
riding a ver^ ootLv^tiential Atfiatant Cointiik<<ioiM-r i>( 
Polioe, who, in a hiirh-liaQdet] and autltoritatiirc manner, 
ordoreil u» off, saying that His Royal Hi£;linc«s did not 
liko to be follown-d alM>ul by nc<n-Ti|iap«r mt-it, Wp toiJ 
this glorifivd " Pwlor'' tbat we bad all |)eniiitft to pasx 
betw'iNfii the lines; and I adiled tliat my uwii jmuh 
hit\ bri'H givrn iw by Mr (\ttniin?*T»ioiu»r Miiyne, 
oDo of tbc Chief Coniiiii»iuiicrK. to wbom I wats 
personally known. Tlieii the lofty " fiobl^ " proei^eded 
t4» rising me, and I sinned bim in return, nnd with 
inti^f^«t; and it is possabk bt> ini^'ht hnv^< ^iven i:k' ifit4> 
custody for liii^'b tr<>a3(0u or ariBon, or iryin|F to pasf^ 
bnd balf-crowiin; (jnly, fWrt inwtiOy for iiu-, tbr friendly 
iii?>j)tn.'hjr was again to tlur fort^. and wluspeied Mimt" 
tJiing to the captain in blue and stilver; \vlit^iieii|:^m hf. 
gave- mc a ftireweil hcowI, iithI votU' siway in u h^iff. J 
" touk it out of bim/' m tbu ttiiyint; \i^^>*ys. in tbo noi^t 
number ot Tt^mpte Bar. Life, a phiiosopber bae some- 
whorf» observed, is not all bej?r and wkitties. Simiiarly, 
1 luny observe thiit tbe paLb of ibut very usuful servant 
of thu public, the journalist, i.-s nut jiltv^-thur a bigliway 
of roa(>k. Ilr is coDtinually liable, vitiile in pursuit of 
bi» v*K!ation» to be snubbed or insulted by Jacks in 
ORiee, dr^^^ed in A little brief authority. 

I ]\\wi> mentioned tbis little episode bec^uKo I wigh 

J*ustto ^ivi> a^lintpsi^of tbedifllcuUioi; which Journali«t« 
lave to encounter in the execution of the urdnous tind 
n^[K>nsihle duties of their profession; but it is only fair 
to add tliut in iiK-nt in^Uiuce^ the eon.-ititut^d uuthuntieii 
»how the gn*atc»t oonsid^rration und eoortcsy to the repre- 
8Clit&tivo0 of the PreA£ ; thi« i« jjarticularly the cm» at 

STdUriY AiiOV'V A \yEl>DlSQ. 


the UuildhalL n^h^rer on the uucaa^ion of any itu* 
jM)rttti)i uivic fuiurtiiJii, uiii|jle lux'DiiitiiuilUiLiijii !» uffurduil 
iV?r thiwf wliw listvr.'! to cltrf-Hiidf tin- pr^>^:w^lin^w fur tlie 
newApapciv. Perliaps the Eunctiun^ii'y wbu Ukes tlie 
lx.-8t care i^i joumalUtd is ttie Lord Clutmbi-rlaiEi, lor 
tht^ time liv!ii%'. [ iiui utiiible to ri<iiie:nbor tlio* iKim^.-^ 
of :ill tlK< CImnibcrlaiiis to whoTu I Iki^l^ IukI thu 
lA^casiuu to oll^^r my tliHiikb for |K>lit«'uerM ;iii«) ^'i-iK'nil)y 
iii>li^iii^ 4^omluct sliuivu to niv rr.ttrt'itLiy .xi ltoy;Ll 
weddingN dill] fuueiulH; liiit the l;i^t, Lord C!mnil^rl;tin 
to nLom jouriialiaijc tliaiika wem due wiio Lotxl 
UiLrriik^ton, who looki?d after our comfort uiid coii- 
waii^nct' most sedulouely nt the iiuriiu^e of the Dukij 
of York and thi^ PriuceiU May- And, ^oodnefis kuows I 
Jjord C;krnn^ton h^td euoujjfh to do on that memorahle 
duy iti hih oiHin^l rAfiHclty, 

Id the hccoiid week in M^uch I wont down t^) 
Wiadiior by the liut train from raddiiigb^n. to attend 
uii the morruw the inarria^* of tho Heir to the 
Crown Olid th<.' "Scil Ki[»g'^ Daugbti^r fr-»m ovir 
tlie St^." My tnivt»] iiii;^ coiiipunion w»k W. H, 
Uus«ell, who hud be^m comiiiib»iorit-d by Mu^iiinE. 
Day and Hiiyht? to write the Itltcrjuvfis for mi 
rtit/iu/i t/a ffitir-, di^^ciiliiNg thr Uijyul wcildiiig. to 
be eumptuously illu^trat^-'d by la^uiia of chronio* 
litboip'u^uy. Shortly aitcr ten the next iiionitn^ wu 
weix; zulinittc-d ut tlu- Mouth door of the Chu^xO, uud 
Ohcvudvd l\w noiniswlvjit rickety Aixm to the or^n-loft. 
I don't tliink tliiH W H. Kuswll wut* in i\\*' i*r^iui- 
loft, or that he wrotv the narnitivt* of tlie wnhjiny 
iu tlie Tuii^. \ think lu- wan nway from uf«, 
near tlie alhii'» ifi Court dress; as wa* also Mr. 
W, 1'. Frith, lt.A.. who Wiisi bo pttiiit a Urge picture 
of the weddiu^, 

Mark the difivruuee thul hiuj tuken phic^ iu h^v^e 
drees hinee March, lbCi:J. The painter of tlw inwst 
graphic xcen^x of t^iglinh j»oeiid life whieh wl> Imvo 



liad sinu- the ilayn of tioj^rth wa^ iu j»liorU, ^itlc 
stocking, u sniifl'Colounxl coat, with cut -^tccl buttotu, 
a Wcuded waistcoat, a black «iU: bag witKout a 
wig to it> aofl a )q6^S w^ith rtiffif^ft. It in still 
pormUsible to wear that prejWflterous cofitatne; bat 
thv v;utt itiajonty of gt'ntleinen wbo periodiciilljr vrait 
upon llii? IVi»c<' of WhW, nl St. Jiimc*'* PuJacv, if 
tnej- do not cliaocc to be officer* m tbc ttmiy or 
navj, or dcput^'-lieatdnAutd, wear either a very haml* 
fiOTuc aod becoming r^uit i)f block velvet, with black 
bilk KtockiiigH ; or a j«crt of uniform coat, wJtJi a little 
jrold lace at tbo collar and ciifT^, a ^kl strijxr down 
til? ^eaDis of tbe trou«ersi, cocked \\^{. ^tkI clrt^<f> bword. 
ITiere were just a doiteii journali&ts in t!ie orgaii-loft, 
and Htnon^ them . ws:^ a gentlcRiaii who, po^ibly. 
wiki ftoinvwhttt iLcxpt-ritnct'd in thr i*rt of :<pt:t-iul cor* 
ro-^potidenccj aud had been >umiiioufd iu a liurry b)" 
\m editor from tb« re]>orters' gallery ia tlie House 
of Coniinons, It in a droll faet that tliis j;<?i>t!<*mau 
ut <inv of tliT' [»roivL'diu^s ft»ll Ut sfi-iiogruphitiff 
Uiv Onlci' (p|' Ihr 8uk'iJtni«atiou «>f Mcttriiiiony, aud 
vrus ^uitc tji-ateful, but not at ull abaslicd, wh?u a 
collmgiic liiutc^d to him that tlu' Slaniage J>t'rvice 
would be found* iu twh'nJto^ in u vtlumu entitled the 
C'oinnioii l*rayer Huob^ 

01 unotlicr ot.-cupaiit oT the galhTj I have » pleajssmt 
rocollt'ctioih Thi?* was » biyhly iv^peclable j^iunmli^t, 
ihc Utv Ml. Juith^s ttraiit. wtitor af tlir Vormng 
.hlvcfUtitr, Mc had birii ji lou^ limr in ibe ivpwrtcrs' 

iCidiery in Pmliauioiit, ami Imd i^itriicd cuu^^idcmblc 
iU*rary rcqnito bj u ln^ok intitied, " Uimdoui Iti-cotlcc- 
tioiJH of tin* HoiuLS *>r Lords and Commoas/' Mr, 
Jaim> (IrAtjf wa*, however, ^oDK-thiug more tbau UD 
excoUcnt reporter and u [:;ipablL- ifditur. He i\iib 
a theologian of extreme L'alvinisfcic views; and was 
the author of many devotional work* published anony- 
mously, iiirong which wiis one entitled, "Heaven oar 

AfJ/JTi-r AbOVr J WKDlUSiS. 


llrtUH"/' III? invt*t|{lietl v«ry bilttrlj, ivliilf ui- wt*iv 
vfditin^ for tht? IjriduJ |)n>ueh^ion, iigviiustt tlir^ siiiful 
c^uduct i>f tliL' Corjiuratioii of Lotidun uii the day 
af the entry of tlic rriuct,* mid rriiKOhH into the 
mctro)}oliB, lU gmiuitting Mr Ku^eue Uimiiu<K tlio \K't* 
rtiiiiot', vi' i\w Sinmdj 111 iTcct liU briiLk/u iiici-nR*-1>iirini]^ 
trophies od Lunduu Hrid^v A :«ud itnd ((loom^' day 
vrould it he for Kiiglnitfl if iaoeUBe WHts to beeuctit* one 
of tlie !i)!ititutiuitFi 111 tliU Proti^tjiiit. liiiil. " 'I'lirn? 
baa bu«]i tou mucli uf tin? sort oi' thiug Utuly/' lie 
roiiuu-kod; " II »top iiiu^t be put to it, the puUic puW 
must be fcli; tli*.' public voict- must be heard." lie 
vf^ utily appealed ^\u-u I puiutod out Ui him tliut 
Hit On«:*? the l>acIiL**> of hivoni^Kv (Lady CVcillu 
UndiTWood, (be N^-cond wilV of tlio I>uke uf Sussex), 
with a tarUtii muiitltr thrown over ber lorui, b;wl ju?it 
been coll dueUnl Ut her ^at in the uboir. ]li^ Scolti^li 
l^trioti^riL W1L9 aroiisod ; hi^ iit wuh appriirRxb and the 
iiJceUKt* Lfrievaiu'e wikj t^jnijjoninly disinisst-tl. 

l)«^r old *'JeiDmy" Uruntl Uo w»£ of bumble 
Id, und wn:^ ort^itlally, I think, a baker in Rome 
1 ^cottiKh Iftur^b ; hittliiA taiiU^H wviv litt^tiii v, iiud iin 
articlit which Uc- had wrlttrn in Lxjuiit'ction with hifi 
liativL- tuwu Lfin-^ act^^pti-d by the editor ijC fi/urirrftwj, 
iir M>mc i>thtrr intlufrntiul nki^;a^ine» h^- wa^ induciil 
to try his lbrtune» tu the givat nietiopulis, when* hi^ 
pluck, biii liiiril-beaJ«)diK'^s, his intelli^mvi^*, \\it> un* 
»iwervin^ truthfidiiess and int^^rity, niiMkl bini to an 
iinpoi-Unt |Hj!iitiou in tlutt world ofjouinaliHin of wbicli 
hi- wiih til bi* afU'ruardn the histoiian. Then* i^ a 
droll story, w-liether apocry]»hu] or not 1 do noi kitow^ 
about tlur tiM lua^uzino ai-ticle of '* Jemmy & ' u'ritin^;. 
The t&lt! wiLH tu th4.' L^Sect that when the paper w.u 
published tho editor a&nt him a cht^qiie; aud he 
con«iderml the amount of tlio dnitt >o Npletidid that bo 
dvtL'rmintfi] tu re^^alv three of his cronies tvitJ^ a bottle 
of [njtt vilnu at Ihe *i!layi.' Uuslelry- So hi-, iviib 



the milli-r, ntii tht.- j^nivuiun-di-utt-r^ utid thi' liiahcr/ 
•f»nt ofl. «»y to tin* " Wavorioj' Anus.' caIKmI for a 
bottle uf tile l>«tt fwrt. ftiid speedilr cooi^umed it. A 
Becoii<1, ami a tliird bottle followed: wbeti one of tbe 
cTOnvivijtl |jsirlv observed tliut bi* Ttbuubl liki- u jiitit 
vr "jill/* or air, »«( the {lorU uHliutif^i doubtless of 
fiM-rato quality, bud made him Mimewbat tbii>ty, 
Tht- order w-a^ ^veti to tbe lundlord. wbi> rittfbcd into 
tbe room in a state of i^at coiistcrnatjou^ " Wbat. 
gontlttneii ! " lu- «ikl ; '*uh aft^-r my r«l port tvm©? 
It U aWckiiii; ^ sm-li » tbiop Ginmtt Iw toWrat€d'*' 
Tlicre WQh A little liquid lefl in one of tlie botiJes; 
be ixtarml it info tbt* l;1<lv> -iml tji^titl It, iit(<-rin^ 
jtt tlic naiDG time » ^lirJL'k of mingled wmth and 
amazement. *' Tbnt p>wk of a waibcr" be t^xdaimed, 
'*hm lK?L>n ^ving; you uncbovy sauce/' 

Wben "Jemmy" became editor of tbe Vo^JtrMff 
Athfrtitit'1% bo waa* too ofl^Mi l.lw dup« und tlio butt 
of wifk^'d wtiy»i (iT tb** rnivi."i%itir*. nf Oxfonl and C^m- 
briilg*?. Ilf reidly bad a taste for antir|ii:in;in rest^mJi ; 
only, aM ill-lmk would bave it, he wan altii^tber ignorant 
L>t' tlio chwsio toiii;in;i*; and Lirevomnt un^K■^^^ldutttl-'^ 
uted to ^eiid bim sbam inscription^^ in Latin and lireck 
wliicb they declared to bavti been eopit*d fix>m aDuit^nt 
Htone tablets recentlv excavated- These in^^Tiptiuii);, 
wIk'h traiiNhittfd inUi hn^lisb wen* foitinl lo bi' mi miicb 
«ill3' or idle rubbijth ; and ii Wtja not until ttir editur 
uf tbe Jihrr/i'/frf bad been " *uld " at least balf-a- 
ilo^en tiuifti. Unit he thought of iUt e>|iediciiiry 
of (xm^nlting one of liitt reporter^t wb^> ua8 a good 
eliu«ic*iil >^L'bolar, befon' be in^^rted tlio contributioiu^ 
of bid yi-iun)^ friends iit the Univer^itiev. 

About the wedding it^ielf, I need F>ay but littk : 
tbe pa^einit having '^'^'K sinee Iwi'n ej>nsidered i\A 
an historic one ^vliii;h has justed iuto the ehroiiiclea 
of the land. One aarprisc indied wus in store for tbe 
spectators ; and that 6urpris<:' wa-s one moat beartily 



relished bv them. Heyond the irenerai irnpression that 
the youthful bridi^^nuim wouhl wfar some military 
aniform. iiotlniig w^ls known of wlmt Wis rostiitiu- would 
bD like: and a murmur of sfitisfnctioD ran^ thrQa<i^h 
the Chapol when in tho bridegroom'** procpsfiion the 
Heir-Apparent appt'ured in the scarlet and gold ot a 
general in tfi<^ arm}', but wenrin^ aUo the dark blue 
mboK of thi? f.ltirter :ind tlie Ciillur of thi* Mo*t Noble 
Order on hi-* ^loiilders. 

Only one more lifting of the curtain nf tlu* [in^i. 
Directly over Again:«t the organ-loft, at the noiitli* 
ett>4i?rn extremity of the Clnipol, there was a pow 
or cloitet high up in tho wall by the altur—s dusty, 
musty aook, first built, I have heard, in Henry VILe 
time, hut swept and gimisht^d and hun^ with tapestry 
f<»r Uii« i^Tiinil pH^-Htil of till' joining "f the harndfi 
of two nappy and hancLtome youiig people. In 
that closet, in widow's weeds, nat Her Majesty llie 
Qaeen. It was eleven ocloclc at night before I Iniil 
tinielied writing my aeeount of the wedding for the 
fM/if 7Wff/rrfpA. The nest day T wrot<> for -/// /^'' 
J\'at' )i<t*i/i*f another article on the subje(!t, but in a 
wholly dtHereiit key, suj^ested by Vineent lionrni-'s 
dainty littl** jMwni, " 'Hif* Jiirkdaw " Ymi know tbr 
lirri versi- nf tlint t**nderly humorous prodnotioii — 

1'hrrfl in a hirrl thnt by Sin not«. 
Aim! Iij tlir LljiekhrjA of hlx cHiatf 
Yifll iniffht iBepoin n piviw '. 
A utrict frf^Ui^ntrr nf Ih^* Cliui'ch, 
\Mien^ ljuili->^i-l[lcr, \w Jlri.l* » |XTch, 

lit HDeft flint tliiv jfimt muii'lnlnHitv 
T\\^ worM, nml »11 itv inoflcy i^ut, 
Chuivli, Anny, Fhyvio, Lav, ^ 
It* L'uvoiiiH iiikil iU l^un'ntvtft 
Arp ncT c'oiirt»rn "t nil rif hu, 
Aii'l "ly- whnt mvn J»c I— CAW \ 


The philosophic, bishop- look ing, black-coated bird was 
sitting at the top of the church steeple, whence he 
surveyed the bustle and the raree show beneath him. 
He summed it all up in the monosyllable "C-c-caw! " 
and I thought that I might as well " Caw " in J/l fie 
Year Bound. 





3IW UiuLloQ himI " Udy AiulL?y> Secret "—My Xot^I - Quiln Aton©"— Mr. 
Tinitu till- Tninv-iv PKijfc|/»r— 11u Wiiv bvlwemi Smlh ^mlrWiilTi — John 
|iiin*m'V— Ml. H'-ib'iJt Hfotidli— At Hatlun ; Timr fnr Annth^r " U'ln" — In 
?f*'»^ VoTk >1oiti<ril hjr Mm, !<ilii— Mantioftl— OoTi'rin'Wb— " MnrvLifiil, 
yiy MAtylhn*\'. '^il»tf^v-^'i'}ta llavorrLor-tioruiml'H ttuvj'itulLT^'^li'Aii'v 
M»5*»~" Bully fpir ymj, oM \ti Vrilnrum"— Hnwlry Snjurt imU liin T'lid". 
th" Rjirinif TWniiifi — A }jinii^ivW who wn* '* ItniruHj (4i Picr^ilUly '- In- 
diaa I*orolir— >*li Jiilm UaalwiuuJ— air tiiursr iliuwji— CaLUln Jmhin*, 
OmjtiE>luT^ i>f tUn C'lLii'iiU Fltiit— SjiiuiutI Wati himI W, II. Hurtbitrt 

Vehv early in the aixtics there had come to tha 
(ront a yciuiig lady authoreEB whom I had known from 
]\i*v Qfirlhood, and who,*e frientlsbip I hopo that I itill 
rrbkiiiH Thifi wu>< Wi»* Wary Kli/nlK-tli Kniddon, Tor 
iiiHiiy yt'ttfT* I'ast tlir ivilV- of Mr. Joint Maxwell. She 
and her mother were Dcijiflibom'* of ours, living in 
Uuiiford Street, and then in Meckli^nbnrgh >^qaare. 
Olio of MiH.4 Braddon^H rarli^At liction^ wti^ cnll'd, f 
think, " TIk* Blftok iiftnd i or, Uio Mystt-rien of Mid- 
night;'* but it wiis " Ij;Kly Aiidley's Secret,"* a novel 
wliicli Mr. Maswell was puhlisljiiig in one of the many 
seriiiU of which he was iiroprietur, tha^t Cw^i hmught 
iU mnurkiiblij auMi»n-jhs uiUt real a^lebrity: and wlien 
the work uppearird in thrcC'Vohimc fonn, Mca^^ij^* 
Tiuftley, wlio published it, and tho writer hcrHelf. 
m^\e a very large mim oE money by pi^rhapii one 
of the mof»t powerful romances wtiich. to my mind, 
huvr over bt-i'ii penm-d *inr*> th*^ a]>|juaranc** of 
llodwinV •' <.^^k'h Williams/' It is* cu?st<>nury in 
thi* pre-oraincntly tolcmut and grateful age. wlic-n an 
author hv^ taken the liberty to live beyond the 
period whidi the critic thinks propitious to his con- 
fignnuut to cblivioa, tn declare or to iuHJnuate that Ko 



or 9\w liaM writu-ii tiiniHi^lf or 1i<fn;c>lf out, und tlml 
his or hf^r wt'lttng^i liave bpc^onie nttprly and inUilerEiUy 
>tal*^» flat, jinil iinpirttj^jihl^. Miw* nrafWonh*,< W^n one 
of lilt? ivvr inntanc^A of practically pmvin^ to tin- critics 
that they Wty in tticir tlironts. No £ing]<^ trfwe of 
decfopitude or of lack of invoution imd flmmatic onergj* 
can bo attritjut<»d, eveu by the mont inalovol^mt, to the 
very Uli^st (>f Jn*r iiovvlii. 

I licgan t*» writi'' a novpl inyuf'ir in tlie snmnipr 
of Is(jS; it was Called "Quite Alone/' and was mainly 
a study of eliaractpr : the heroine being a Krendi lady 
whose profe^si'iii wjw that of a circus rider, and who 
was afflicted with a nio!«t diaholical t^-mper Dickcnfi 
was iiiueli pl^aHed with the idea, and tieeiired it for ,/// 
f^^ Ypnr Jfortfuf ; snd my name whs to be attached 
to it, so that my sole j^rievanw associaU-d with Um^ 
defunct HouHrhnhf U'rjrrU wiw amply roTnpen?«Hted Mr 
Frederick Chnpinan, of the publishing firm of Chapman 
and Hall, \\vm\ of thetbrthcomitig fiction, aiid treated for 
tho copyrijfht on liandsomo h^rma. It was about tbrci>- 
partft tini^lied when thcr(> came to mct quit« udcx- 
pieti'dly, an offer from the pnnjnVtom of the Daifi^ 
'iVtfiji-ftph to proceed ais \\ special correspondent to the 
United States, then in tW midst of war. For many 
months prior to tln> outbreak of thr ^ji*\\\ context 
bf'tweni the JJnrtli auil tlie t^outh. the Ktij^^li^li pnhlie 
rofiolntfdy refused tt) believe that Federals and Coti- 
f'lWrates would come to Ijtowi. There hatl ermie to 
England a very curious type of American charact<'r> n 
Mr, Geoiw Praiieis Train, wlio h»d *iejinvlv Ih^-u out 
of his I>4»vlio(rd orr- In* inadi^ a iari^i' fortunr l>y memifi- 
tile tninsjititioiis in Chinfi und Australia, llis object 
in \'ifflting this country waa to start in the metr^>polis 
and in laryp provincial towns a sy^t^»>i f*f tram^vays. 
such aa were then common in Ameriean cities. 

We are plentirnlly endowed with tntniwa>"s at thf* 
pn*flent day; but Mr. F. Train, as a Iwnerantor 

AOnn^ TttE ATLA^ntK 


in tlitK j>aHi;^ii]liLr iliivHiOii, ramp a lifile too soon ; aiul 
it i» usually the fortimo i>f pn-rnfttiirc; bt!rn«t'uct<>i'« to 
b* roviled, Hpat upon, imd arivcn otit uf the cities 
whicli they wIbU to benefit, Mr. Train beg^an to put 
dovrn a tmmvvay (it tho oomer of Oitford Street unil 
the Edt-war^ ll-xid ; I>iit the jHii-ochnl niithoiiti^H mkuj 
ntade him tuke it up ;i;piin. He was indicted for 
cauaiu^ A miisance, tri(*d at the Croydon Asnixea, 
<rfinricU*d, and fined five hundred pmindn. Prior, 
however, to this conviucin^ prottf of Hrltii^h apjmjcin- 
tion of hifl merits beiiiff pven to him, ho was Muffcivd 
to entertain the nobility and gentry and the pepresonta* 
fives of hti?ratnre, wcienoe, and lUt at a series of very 
fjfrand banqnet«. He waw the readiest of Kpesiker« ; 
iind at um? of tlwsr »*ym]»o«ia hi' -'mphiitieallv' d'»ctared 
hiH beJief that not one drop of hlood would be **hi-il 
in the Unitini Statea. It was a case, he obwrvwl. 
which njijjht he likened to Kdwin Limd^r-er'n pietiire 
of "Dignity and Iinpiidi-nm "^ — thr Xorth was the 
great calm, powerful Newfoundland ; the South wiw 
thp fnssy, yelpinff, hnt plucky little Scotch t^>rrier- Ouly 
a few day* after rteorge Franoi* 'JViiin hud niade these 
ulti'DincM, Fort Humtf-r was firefl ujion by the C'on* 
frdonilos, and in an iiifftant the States, from the A-tlarttie 
to the rtult or Mexico, WtTe ublize. 

Frequent and protracted were the confercnoc-n be- 
twf>cn the prc^prieton* of the D^ify T*'lffji'apft and myeelF 
m/t to b'lw my nii^sion to Amentja in the midAt of 
war wa* U> be rarried out. They knew perfeetlv well 
that as ihi' son of a West Indian lady and Ihe >{nmdKon 
of ft Wi-st Indian ^Irtve-;;wiier. my ityuipiithies w<*ri» 
on the *ide of the South \ indecti, I may «ay that with 
the exc^^ption of the iJftihf .Xi'irfi and the Mmmmf 
Sfar, the North had very few friend^ ainoiit: the 
orj^anR of public opinion in the metropolis. An- 
tunio tbi11en<ra and rharh-n \fnrkay hiwl been «ncee«- 
siiwly the nrpresentiitives of the 77>'jfjr at New York. 



Gitllc'ii^u wan not actively hostile to the SJorlU ; i^ut 
lie ^ttve m4>rUl otTeucf U> th^ UiLDhiittauitee b^ culliug 
N*»w York ilsolf "h uity of unu street" — Broadway. 
'Hieti out fziixxw W H INiMtelK as npt^cial ftTir corre* 
f^ptiiLtlent i>F ilie Vmr-jv^who so uiiiiierciCuIly Ixuit^-ivJ tltr 
teilcruU for tlirii' aUunprile at the fir^t battle of ttuU 
Uiin, tlijit uti the o|uiilu^ i}i t)ir next caiapuij^i the 
ctjrros|K'nJent* of iXm Bu^lii>li prcsw were not allowed 
to join the hea(lq\rurtt.-rs of the Federal Army. 

Then the Stftttdard IiaO a wornlerfu! oorreftpoudvTkt 
ill N'ew York vvliu, midi'i- t!it- si^natitreof *' Mannattiin/* 
ntunilly ahiDtril thi? North, its ^fiu^mls, anJ it« jitates- 
in<u tliret- tinit's :i wcrk ; and altogcthci" tin- )>runj>r<'ti 
ol i\\*^. ri'prcsentQttve of an English journal ]>rj|>o«itig 
to chronicle tiie events of the day in au Euglbli 
iiowHj>iip*»r were the reverRe af invitiii-;. However, 
1 Wiis full a[ youth iuhI of love of nd\-eutuiv. 
X waA hiiritiny to see what the Americans were like; 
Atid T t'oiintea thc^ dayfl bi^foi-e f <*ouU! riitujhh-li: :iIT 
my ttrrangt'ineuU and take my tii^ket for ISoalon, wlicn- 
it was .-settled that 1 s^hoiild land. My wife, womanlike* 
Wits hittiTly oi>|)c»»;i:^(1 to my ;^)iug to vVmorica at all . 
and tht* ideji of my trav^-llinjf in ^ country conruUod 
by war no preyed upon \\vtv mind that she bocani<» 
toHttively ill. aitd my di^partuiv liml tu Ih? |)o>it|ioim(l 
for » wrrk till nlie got a little bctt<T, Oni-rirttiiuMijinL'^, 
however, coadnecd in an emiucut d<^rcc to Mjuthe 
her in her sorrow, I hiui »s a travellitig companion iny 
old ineml John Livesey, a son o£ one oi" the earli^at 
leader* of the teetotal moveiueut. lu 1S03 Mr 
Liwsi-v WiW i uti*rest<'d, to a lar^ ^•jcti'at, tn »iome iron 
iDiues in Nova Scuiiu, lie had croji^ed tht- AtUntk 
many timefi ; and from Halifux the exigencies of buAine^ft 
took hiiu hx'qucDtly to Boston. Xcw Y'ork, and Phila- 
delphia, The J)fiif^ Tde^ruph made me an offer of u 
tliousHiuI pouiKU for n %\\ monthi^* tour in tli« States, 
ju thr ojiirxe of uliieh liuit* I Has Lu ^vriie two urticlet= 



a w^^k. I Iiad u dim id<?:i that Anierit^^ wii.s nitln^r ixxi 
«xiiensive country to trav<?l in t so I (^anHiiltrd Jolin 
Livt'sey on tin* \\(*\ni. Kt* ri'lli-rfi'd for \\ time, and 
thrn mndi- iiDAWrr ■ "(In i\\% wliolc, I «lioidd huy* vesi ; 
with tlip Icttcru you Imvc sjot, jmi will h%^t^ tn go it 

rd deal into society siud to entcitivin m widl a.* to 
entertained- Hut yon cannot UkVi.- your wifi* with 
yoii. A thouKjind jxiunds w«vild not hold out for 
ionr months " My wife, I am f^lad to k\v, also had 
u cotnpHuion durliijfTny aWenc-e : this was tlie widow of 
Kobi^rt Bnmgh, ;vlio, with h<?p d«ar little danj»'lit<'r 
Panny, csitiw to livi* with Mrs. Sain in (hiillont Stret't. 
And nbodc there ^mc montlj?:. 

It was at oiglit oVloclc on a dark XovomlxT night 
that John Liros^y and T departed by the eKpresfl com- 
monly tnown a» ''Thf^ Wild Ici-ilimsin ' for Holyhead, 
My wife, wht>, jH>or woman, wuld scarot-ly niovt*, 
intivst^^d on coming to Hir nulway tirmintij* with inr; 
and a party of my friends were on the platform to *fiv<* 
Q* a parting cheer. 1 shall nevt^r foi^et a burly, bearded 
^oard at Kuarton, who, when I had partt'd from nil 
thiht vmfl dear to tno in thi.- world, and had Hung nivKt^lf 
in a very limp and honel^Ks condition in thi* cornier 
of thi' ^iirriiige of the mail, thrust his lu'iul inU> thi'f 
window ptiid whis[H'iv<l : " KiruHf me, sir: but yoa 
haveaBother thrcic-qinirl«r« of a niinutt> before the ti*in 
alarU, and yon can ^ct out and giv<* th<f ludy another 
*hug*" — tha which I did, I am mrt^ that guard 
mu^t havo been a fiamtly man, and hud given xoni^ 
one a hug Vloro lu^ wi^nt on duty that night Ho<I 
bless him, iiiiy wny I atid I hnjjc tfmt all his journ*fys 
have bec^n as prosperous as niinr. 

It bi not iirtvssary that I should go into extended 
detail toui:hint; that winch I saw and that whioli I did 
in the United Statew; my »ojonrn in which conntr\', 
allowing for a fc^u' wei-k^^ whif^li I |Mi£^ed in Mexico und 
the 85wgji[ih West Indies in the spring of HOi, extended 

^Aurs fjFR .%Kn ApFRyrniKfi. 

received froto the pn>pncton» of tlie /MiVy 7U€^a/Ji 
titurti lliau two thuUfjand )Kiuud* lor my jountej. 
l^V4>s<-y ft jhredietioh tliat I fihautd not he able to have 
my wife with n>e iu the Suites wwa not alto^th^^r 
veriRfnl. A^ 1 im*i lie 11 tally iiu^iitioned in thi> )in*«-Lirsnr 
of lliiK hook. *' Thillg^ I Mjivr H»ni, atid IVo|ilt* I llavi? 
Known/' ^olJ wafi at u trcmcn<lou«Iy hi^h premium in 
Am^riuk m tbf^. It to«« ttometmicfl to ce&t, pc-r oeiir 
Now, I <irow r>n my bankers, ^[es^r<. l>uncan, Shcmian 
and Co., (or gold, or. rallu^r, ihp vnlut' of gold ii* 
ri>|jro«eiited in QoTL-rniiK^nt ^-rnbucks ; tbtu, for a 
liiiiidrKl pfiiii^il^t of i^'hirli th^ normal vnlue would Kiivc 
heeii fi\o hiindn^d dolUu^. J usietl 1o gH. rmm M-vrti 
Imrxlrt'd io a tliouKand. The prices of artich-s of daily 
liti* v;»ri<'d a<:c*>nlinfr to thr ratr of oxchantre, 1 did not 
hvo in NVw York on wliat is cadlod "the Amertfran 
Ryfit^m/* by whieli everythin;*, oscppt nlcoholio ii<|uorv, 
i« inHndivl in tho wwfcly Hiar^i* for luaril, T)m'»io 
(.-liiirjji(.-s \im\ ^mw. up niiirr Uir war ; iUal I lliink that the 
limi-cWii hotel, tiie St* Nlcholjix — lung sincp defunct — 
the Kew York, and the Fifth Avenue hoard WiU% fiair 
dollars a day. I lived at tho l£n-v(»ort Koui^c* on Fifth 
Avenue and Sevonlh Street, elosw to Wastluji^D 
Sijiian'p ail eftluUi>hnu'nt <*[ which the pmprietor waa a 
Mr riark, a most coaiieous and ohti^iDj^' ^iitJenian. 

The hotel was conducted on t5w Eimifit-jn %y»iein. 
You [>aid HO Hindi a day for your romn, and nn addi- 
tional lour or tivr^ dolKv?^ it you watited a private 
|>arIour — a supplement wliii;L was to mc more a neccfl^ity 
than a liixnr}', ilj^ 1 \va« obliged U> ha\e a good nmiiy 
Itookn and papers abcmt me for jonrnidlstit- purj>o«efl, 
There was a iiist-rate restaumnt attached to the Itotet, 
where yoii hri<3Lkf:i>h'<I jitid hiiinhi'duiTd dinej ti in cnrff^ 
On the whole, my bills at the Hrevoort llmifte were 
rarely undei' twenty pounds a wepk in Hngli.<ilk sterling; 
luit when [ travelled far atield. to Boston, to l^hiladel- 


phiii, to B;iltiiiiijri>p to WasUingtoa, aii<l iu Niu^'aiu, I 
vxjwricuced tlie full ix^nefit of tlie lii^h ratt- of iOkc)kang&. 
Itaiilwa^ TaiVK liiul uot rix-n ; nor wciv Uiv <'liiir^i.'s hir 
expreHHiiij^ ytniv ln^^'tgc iiiciviPrcd Tin- [tr'icv tit hvard 
at tlu' best liutols was slightly, but not ii«riuJ»ly. 
rnlmnct^d ; i^i\d I lived at hotels ci>n<tudcd on the 
Wardiiij; hvsti'ui. I bud brought with mu a ver_v hirgc 
wardrobe, and i hud tu-'-d to hitvo dniii^ ku, Kinc4- gloves 
wi-re M>iiii*tu»i.*]s thr<.*c dijIlLitti; ii |>iiir, ;uid UjoU iifUni 
dolLir> — ill jjn.^L'ubucks. 

Uumehuw or utn'thrr I m> uuutagecl utatter.H tlmt 
1 ulwa^a had a louhd Uilauct- jit Uuitcaii and t^bt^nimuV. 
and 1 i-etLit-tiibL-i- uno day tiiy kind friend, Junu-i* 
LuriiMir Cindiutji, who was lux urdcTit jmrtir^an of thv 
^kortb^ ^^yiu^ to mv at tht^ ^ud of a lively politloul 
iltticut^iiioEL, " You've to rt^asoD to grumble, any way ; 
why, iMHiUmud it, you'n- li\iiig i>ii your exL-biiiige; " 
ana im U) a ccrtant (!Xt<,*i)t I was. I had iii April 
(ulfidvnt fip&rc cabU by niu to tnkc u trip to Uavaiui 
and Mexico; and tiguin. iu Juuc, whi'n tho /^^/i// 
Te/e^a//& credited me with aaotlker thou^aiid puuudb, 
1 »eut hoiiu^ to my wife, who came out to New York 
and travt'lU'd with inv to th^^ cbiof riorlln^ru citii^s 
to Nii^ai'd, to iVloutrpiLl, (^U4?bi^(T, iiiid Turontu, and 
to the watering'placea (if Newport and Saratoga. She 
t]»(*d often to ttay, lau^hiug. that our tii^t couvcrsatioDr 
when I had brought her i'wux the wharf at Jerney Citv', 
WftH of A eomowbnt prosaic imturo. 8ho immediately 
begun to overhaul the conteiiff* of my w;udr<jlj**, and in 
a roice in which sweetnes^s was uiin^lfd with M'VLirily, 
uWrvi'd, " You are Lweuty-f'our |H>ekft-bandkercbier» 
s^hurt ; and wliat bavt- ytyu doiii* with vnur Mfck^ ? ' 
To thia. I Luiicvc, I made the wholly uiipoctiail reply, 
" Bother my socks ; have you got any gold ? " tt wa» 
so long dimx* I had ga/ed on the blessed effifiy of Her 
Miijc*>ty on a golden diT*c ! S<»metimes, however. I was 
coaiitruin«<d to buy gold ilown town hefore making a 



trip to Cntia<!ii, llic Cana^lmiis wouM h-Axe notbii 
to do ^ntb greiMiUick^ : tlioir cnrrrncy v.-Tut in doll 
and ceuti;: but it wa£ a metallic oae-. and if yoit< 
brought any jrreenhaoks with yon, it wa-i only at a 
ruiiioUft ili.Mriiuiit Uiiti you nuitlJ ^i>t limit c:iuilij^d. 

Livi'T^y and I t«]M-ni Chmtcnax, 1S63, at Montred, 
10 Lower CudlI'Iu, tfikiti;; Ninj^ra ou our vniy ; and oa 
Christmas l>ay we dined with a hero of lie Crinieaa 
war — Sir Wiliiam Fenwick Williaraii of Kar?, I also 
roiin^mWr mooting at Montreal a v^' f^nial nftTaL 
officer* Admiral du Hor^r : and it wa« at Montreal, too, 
that I bad tbe hooour io make the acc^uahitance of 
Major Wolseleyn now FieH-SIarftbal ViBcount Wolseby- 
!>ome wt^kH alterwaTd^, at Wa^htii^ton, and Hubae- 
quenUy at 'Sevr Vork, I miMlo tlio pleasant acqtiaintuiiee 
of ii yonn^ ^ntli^man named Mulct, who is now 8ir 
Eih\';tnl Klalet, Her Mujestv's Ambnssiidor at Berlin. 
I do not Dieotioa th<?se tiiflin^ circamHtancaA in any 
spirit of vanity iir conceit. 1 nu-ri'Iy rii»^ them in pnurf 
of whdt i« U> iiio, in my old <igr, an cxtn^nivtygrcktifying 
fiBct> rbc friends I have made I have bc^n fortimatc 
fnoni^b to keep : und the g^i-eat folks whom I hare 
known dm'iog a vi^ry long and, I hoiK% a modest and 
undemon.rtrative can^^r Imre not dropjxfd mO- 

1 found Moutrei*! a hi^rhty interesting rity, bnt not 
quitt* so pictiireMjue ;i one »m Quebec. It wn* not 
French enough for me, although I was hospitably 
received in a good many French hoitiM's ; and tho 
Archbishop of Monti*eeI wiw so polite a^ to a^k IBC 
to come and taste hi« hothoiii^e ;^npt% of which his 
Gra^w caltivatrf-d no h.-w than eighteen vjtrietivc. By 
the timc^ th^it I h^ul got to the txvelfth, t am atniA 
that I meekly suggested that a smaJI ijuantity of the 
juice of the grape in its fennenttd condition — that i« 
to Bay, a glass of dry sherrj— would not, under tJic 
oircumstanoWt be unncceptablc. Anothtr friend whom 
I made in Motilreal wa« Colonel Karle, who had 



receuUy csobangcd frum the Luic mio n rcgimcDt oi 
the Guards; and. aa General EatIc. EifterwatdH met 
Iiir* *1eath valiantly (i^litiiigr in the Ee;_v|>tian caai[mi|^ii- 
l Uhd ft Jettt-r of httroductiun to him frtw Mr Yuun^, 
tlw editor of Ih? /k>rp JVr* Albiou, a brother of Mr. 
Geor^ Frwlericli YDiing, the noted aJvoeate of Pro* 
t«ctioa, who once hitd u furions. iit^ws^aper paKsage*of- 
ann» with the present Sir ItjWrt Peel on the iine-stion 
<rf Protection v^rtrvf Free Trade, 

Fimdiy, through whose introduction I know not» I 
was introduoed to an officer in the Scobs (luiirds, who 
after^'ards became one of my deiirest friends, and whose 
pn']i];4Lure iVutli [ bilU-rly lantentvtl ;tnrl «till limit^nt. 
litis wii* Ciiptain, urterwuids Colonel, James Ford, thi! 
«on of u Canon of Kxeter, to wlioni Htiidetils of T)antc 
are indebted ibr an a<liinral>Je tmusLxti'^n uf the 
'* Inferno/ and a netibuw, if I mistuki^ not, of tht* Ford 
who wi"ote the " Hftn:lb(wk to Spuin,* and il Inrj^e 
number of essays an Spanish subjects, in the Q^far/ef/y 
Bevi^w^ Montreal, early in 1801*, wa^ full of British 
tn>ops iind fugitive Coiifei If* rates. 1*h*' Srots ;nid tlw 
(In'njulii.T f.hiftriU wrri.* ^lUtiotuHl ni MonUvuI i iln^ 
Uttio Brigiidc wtrrc at ilnmiltoii ; and 1 still occumnally 
meet and talk over old times with one oj' the th(*n 
officers of the Kttleft — Lord Kdwurd Polham Clinton. 

I have *aid tlmt Montreal wiis full of Confedt?nit4^j', 
Udii-H as well ;tJi ^t'ntlvnieii ; ami ont* ni^ht, dinine at 
tbe mefiH of the Scots Guanls— I think that titey 
were Scotch Fuailiers in those days — I found another 
«ivilian gue^kt, who^e name waa Krune, a very wealthy 
merchant from Bidtinkore, but wboNc political pi'o* 
olivitioK^ bein;; ^tmngly Southern, had impelled him 
to crow the Anijlo-Aniericati frontier in a hurry* 
There wa^ Mueh n prodi|^!ouM ([uautity of Ur^ft-ratti 
olantt consuini^l {in tJiiK lueitioi^hli^ evtnliig that tli 
fcfttft wa(« known in the ai^uaU of the regiment lut '' thu 
ffpimi Umucniglit/' "SccoAh" seutimcntd \\\tc the rule. 


41x1 >j-iij|tttJi^ Mitii tlir N^>rtli thi- «.aar|jtiuiL TIm? f un 
bcoui^ rery hst and fcnoaf^ . and about midnight 
than jocaud »on5 of Mars persuaded me to sing, w 
a comiiliiDPDt to Mr Bnim'. iiw- faunout CoDfedcrmto 
ftong of " ManUnd, my MirylAnd!" I had just 
coadiide^l th^ stirring vor^e:--^ 

*' ThiMi wilt mot yitU the umHor tdl, J 

^v HoryUcxI, hij Hujkiid t ] 

^B Tbou *ili &ot croofc to loft vcmltd, ■ 

^^B MujUnd, my Uu^kmi I I 

^^L IklUv iko fi» u|HW iic« nil r M 

^V Bfiltd^r tlic «hot, the llwk, Uc Wvl, ■ 

^P ThAii vntciAxtoii of lli«i hmI, ^ 

The (^xijuisitely Wuutirul tiklody uf this stirrinjj Konc 
U tlmt of tie G*!riii»u Volkslied, *'0 Tftimeiibauiul 

THuneiikamn ! *' (Oli fir-trtw) ; and of tlit^ GenimD 
Stndi-Titriilin! *' (rfHfi/''utf/UJ* /f/Uur Jitr-fflfji tlum Stttntur.'^ 

1 a«v tlmt I liaJ ju«t fiiiifhcLl thi» verse, and was pro- 
c«cditi^ to attuck the concludiD^ stanxa. begiiniing: 

'* I lifftr tlin 4lutAiit lliiiud^r hiiW|"' ^ 

wli*'n WP befiime a^;ir*' of tlie meU}diuus sound of fcmali* 
vtfit^ir* i}iit^i4li< 111*? mntH-riHini. Ujnm my wnnl, thi» 
Confedemti? lii^Hes. who hnc) n-tirrd to rest at b ooili- 
j»initiveW (nirly Iioiir, had aris'-ii from their cou^Hop, 
wr;i]*ped theniflelves in cloaks and d^e«*sini■-powl1^, 
■nd were Ringing the chorus of " Marylancl. my 
Marylaod ! *' Thi* <tri*ruwli('r (lii;inU bnd u int^ssi <« 
their own iu J:iVfini'K-< Vrtiir Si[iuire ■ and i^nmnif 
the uHicers of that j^allsnt corps were the Dnke of 
Athifl*- and Lord AInnger ; the last-n^imed nobleman 
wa:s numedi dnriik^ \\\h i*tay in ('nuacht, to Mi^ 
Magruder, tho dan<;l]ti}r of tJic well known Uon- 
federate (k^noral. 

It was not until the (iuuimer of 1864 that I visited 
QnolK*o, Travelling, in the fiTnt instanoe, by steamer, 
on the heantifiil St. l^iLwrenoi-, and by the Thousand 

Aoiioss ran ATLA^^Tm 

lalnttdn, till* rtiiimnlir, ulil-fsudiioiii^d ;i»{>tH:i[>f tJit'iiimicut 
capitu) ot \jow^t Oan^U [ilrfaHtvl mr tiliji^ly. Quebec 
WIS then thp residence ot a Govcrnor-Gtupral ofCatiadii. 
Vifioount Moock, and wc were liospilubly entertained 
at hiB Exd^lloncv'^ ^uromt^r quarters near Quebec. 1 
specially remomWr tli?Re vicerj'^l dinnci-s, for two 
very diftVreiit reasons. Lord M*>nckV ljutl'_T bad l)«eii 
thu proprietor of tlie orrg!n:k1 Indnbtrious Fleu^ : imd 
bLH talentttl tronjjf, tncliKlin^ the Ilea tbat divw iJu' 
Cdnnon, lb'.- lica th;fct rotk- in the i*rdau-clmir» und tbt- 
tW tbat inipoTSonatid XiipoltK>n Bonupurt<.*'« ulijir^cr, 
Marengo, bud nil b*?L>it l>urnt — pot^r little insoctii ! — 
in a terrible Sn^ at tbe Governor'^ eountry seat. 
The next i-ea«iOu why Lord Monck'i^ hi>spitalit> hLiU 
dweJI*k !ti my mind is^ Umt 1 niL't ut his tidih' ihi- 
illuMtrioUH Uurdoii, vritbuut bein^ in the slightest 
de^oo aware of tlic fact ; indeed. I did not know it 
until a very IV-w viMirs a^^o, when a lady — a rebitive, 
I bflieve, of Kord ^lo[lck — in ^ome Hc'mlhicta'ncf^ wbivb 
she pablisLud of her sojourn in Oan;ula, eumru'rutftd 
Qonlon und my Ininihle Hi*]f auiou^r tbe quests at tliifi 
particular hau<[Ut?t- \ vpiitare tu tliiiik that tht- lady 
W4J« mtlier pleaded witli me than atherwine : for ftlie 
incidentally mentioned, in her book, that when I -was 
pivsenlod to Lady MoDck " I buWL-d hkt' a uourtkr/' 
GoodneHB gracious me! How did the lady ojcpect 
inc to behave ? Did nbe think that I vras ^in;^ 
to tiiU-r the drnwia^-ruoia <'ii ull-fonnt ; ot tbat 1 
fthoald hop nWut im one l«g, like the hiirglur in 
Mr, Gilbert^ comedy 1* 

AiLJniatt^d de^iat^s were going on in the I^^^jiliire 
at QneU^; un tbr Htibji.'rt of the Ft-demtioti of nil th« 
BritT»b North Ani4'rimii colonictt ; and one of the nioKt 
aniuiatLil ep^akert) on the subject of the pix>poowd 
Dominion of Canada wa^i tlie late TVArcy Mai^ee, a 
iriiignWlj' gift^'d, a^eoniplifllir-d, and amiable native of 
tht- Si»t«-r I»le. iJovjd-Iookin)^, el<H|uenturK]>tH:xh, uad n 



tveiicltaiit writer, Ik- IiikI 1)£yu iu liUr^Iul Ao^vfi'. lA'lien W 
WW ^^011 of jiidi^ineut, n Young ht'liuidcr ; but eiiugnt- 
iiiff to CaniuJai, liiul become a stauncb Loyulist : and wh«ti 
[ ktiev.- him, he was Minister ot Agriculture. It was hi< 
mournful inii^. iilliiiiuLt-lv* t^> be ititinli-n-d Ijj h tVuMii. 
D'An\v Ma^T wxA I wert^ gnftt cronies; tttid I am 
iiKlobtctl to him for one of the drotleet olecfcioaecrinK 
stori(% that ever 1 heord. It was at MontreaL at the 
bright of aome electoral cont«»t for the repreoentatiou 
■>f the citj% that om of X\w cundiciates had coni^tned n 
meftiiig of negro el^'tors. who, in tlie early stages of thv 
Qi^cniiig. Bceni^d far from fuToarahle to him. He went 
OD speaking, however, and dwelt t'ver and over asain ^u 
the then hiiniiiig tariff queittiou. tvlliug hw hearers 
that what tho> ohit;fiy needed was a (airefully-adjustcd 
9yvt<!iii of W valorem diitit^s. 

Now it oL:iDceJ thnt there had just entered Die ball 
a youjig uigger-WHiter from au iid|aeeiit n^taurautv who 
hi*ld uiid'T oiir Jinu ;iiiiitlii-r rtuitiM' — but a dtttiib mie — 
ik jaimuDcd tm tray, in fact. The nc^roca avc vrry 
fond of rhythm; ttcy like aound. without troublioi; 
themselves much conoertiin^ Kn^f^n and a^jmehow *>r 
another the wonU W vaiorrM tioklod the oai^ of tliv 
young darkey ftom the reMtaumtit. "Ad valorum, 
iul valorntii, ad valorum ! '' he re]jeated in mpjd erf*- 
crndo, rapping meanwhile the japanned tin iniy with 
a, dcK>r*key. It w^a a^ though he had Houiidcil tli*- 
loud timbrel in JS^vpt'cf Dark Sc^l. "Ad \-alorum. ad 
valorum ! * the whole audience began to shout, to scream, 
and to yell, clapping, meanwhile, their hands, and 
stamping; their Feet on the gnmnd; and then there 
Bro^v an n^l negro of gii'iit iiilbiL^ncr in politicid cin:U*n 
at Mont.reab whi* thus luldrer^stnl hi* lu-an-rK : " My 
brudders, we mu*t all vote for ijIiI Ad Valorum — buUy 
for you. Ad Valorum/' Tliv candidate vru^ rotuiued 
by a thumping majority, and watt ovej' aft^r known in 
durkey ciroh* i\si "Go'kI old Ad Vulorain." 



There vrus a Dominion dinner, if I mUtake not, 
during my at^y in Qiiifhfo, uiiil 1 had to make a M|H^ech. 
Tlif-n one of tlir rudiments uf ihr liiir nt ilir cit-iilid 
iL<ak<-d me bo mcHs : and tlierc J met dcjir llftMloy 
Smart, then a ciiptaiii in the 5th Foot ; he had gone 
out, ] think, m an ensign, tc' the Oimoa. and had won 
\m commiiiftionft or coptiiin and Houtoiutnt on tlie field 
uf battle. Alrea(3y, in ls64, lie wa* thinking of litera- 
ture, :iiid showed me a capital sporting article which he 
had written, called "Sarat^iga Kace«-" He and "-Tas."' 
Ford, of the Scots Fusiliers, often came down bo 
NftW York in the course of the yoAr, tind Muyini with xxs 
>i tli9 Brevoort lionse. Hawloy Smart war- iir nephew 
of the renowned racing baronet, Sir Joseph Hawley, fit 
whose liou£e. at Wi,'*t Brighton, 1 was enuhlud, through 
tlie kiiiEln<iSK i>f riiy frit-ni), tliir Hon Frjuicis ljawh*v> to 
pnm man^' pleasant hours, I wii» nervoni^ at firxt jdiout 
aci3eptin^ Sir Jowph's invitation, since — although 1 have 
long itudii'd tin; hitttory and the anatomy of the horec. 
and can draw the animal tolerably well— I am as i^iorunt 
a« a F*>ti>wtttornie Indian of all turf matters. Rut. to 
my agreeable riiirprit^e, I found Sir Joseph HawlcyV 
house Full of rar<^ tk>(>ks and splendid ^cpeL^imenH oi'thp 
Old Maiitfrji, amnn^ laj<t of whiiih I recolle^-t a mug* 
nificeut rull-leiigth ]if4?-i«i£i^d portrait by Sir Anthony 
Vandyck, of a Voge of Genoa, who^ robe» of crinif^on 
damafik seemed absolutely to flow over tlic frame on to 
the carpet. It was pi^nally agreeable to find that the 
racing baronH wju< well vt-rat-d in literature, old and 
new, ami tlmt \w wa« un expert oiiniKii»eur urn] iTitM^ 
in art; nor diinng the day did hr once make mention 
of such a (jnadruped as a race^iorhe. 

'n>tre was one drawback to enjoyment of life at 
Quebec. The hotels were fiw, tind not go^^d ; so that 
we pot up at a boardin^-bou^e, kept by a lady by thd 
tuiniP of Steele, where we were really very comfortable, 
and eKperienced the greatest attention and comieiy 

IM ^'JLJ^s Lift-: sso jt'VitMTVMKs. I 

(rout 'wr h^^U^. I vrm» jimMiRi^ Ji^r |i> uti .Vrii<rrii:«m 
^olletDUu fcUiyiut: in lliu Iiuiim-, whoti? terse commept 
OD tii;r panegyric wiis a« foUowfi : — '* Eiod, de^'er lady I 
I should iay i>o. ^by. tir. sh€ was raUed on ]*icci* 
dtily.'* YitH, timn* ish »i}iiifihiti^ in " Ufiiifj r-LtMftl <jii, " ur 
born, or n)ucat«l in, Piccadilly' It givn« ouk ftomc 
kind of a social cacAtf. Of cvursc. wr V)6it4'd nil tbc 
sighU of Quebec ; and 1 v\-eat out to tbc Plains uE 
Abrahatii, Xv a^x the monumcDt i^reotod by the pioufl4 
ixirv of LoM Ayliiior, vrh<-ii Goverin^ir of Ciuiada, to tlio 
memory of tlie two bt'roi<r fuc* — the Fivncb MHrquiu 
dc ilontculai aud tlie Kiiglish General Jaiiwts Wolb 
— who, ini this nvv*-r-U>-lv-f<jr^>tt#-ji l«tt!r-ii«-ld, *' tiurt 
u commoti dcAth, and inherited a comtuctn glory/' 

Wo mude an trxcursioti to m vtUa^ ou the hauks of 
&6 St, lAwe&nce, called iDdiun Ix^rctte; ^iid tbeooe. 
proceeded to Kee the pictur^Hquo VAU of Montmoroticy, 
niuvli »fintdlvr than tlioMd of Ni^t^^ni, but, to my niind, 
surpjLHsing tlK'Ui 111 Iv/aniy. Indian L<>n*tU- vms uiw. 
uf tiiv inierrest ImU-French, balf-Ut'dftkiu towiifiIii|ii' 
tbftb ^1 met with in Canada. In some reApt^ctn, 
vfhvti you ali^bti-d from yoar cairia^c, yo^i strenivd to, 
buvc bmdod rifjlit in i\w middl<f of the oi^bteoutJlJ 
century. There waw* a Snt^^t'ur tfu mlit^f, who, the dny] 
bein^ Sunday, waa driven to church in au old-fiutiioned 
yellow tOi^iot> Imuj; im*n viTy higli springs- He was 
au old grutlenmn, mid I did not wAi bin name ; l;ecau»^ 
1 was resolved to behoves for tbc nonce, that bo oouldj 
Lot possibly have any ^^tlior title than thiit of th<r 
Marcjuis dv Cambiig* He h^ a pew in the cJiuroh 
lan^e etiough to hold twenty wonthippers, a.iid uithoui^h 
1 would not swear tii the fuct, I tliiiik that Uie tilhciAl* 
iiig priebt prayed for him » w^II as for thu Qiiwn and 
th« f)i>vernor-(3euftial- 

Jiiit I muifl return to Montreal ou my way bock to 
tlkc Stutc:(. It wiiA at Montreal that I lirat met th« lat« 
Sir John Mocdonald, otio of th«^ ahlcst HUitivmen that 

AfJTtOf^^ THE AThASrm. 


l*;iiiuiLi liiiH [mKlti4!i-tl ; ami i\u' jiliim' trf 111^ ini^iirtiiigliim 
wiu the uRicv of tin- (Ininil IViitik Railw»}\ Oaiiail!!, just. 
•fter a board rDcetiog, at which one of thi* (lir(!ct«i^ 
told me they hod had to couaider an aiiplicatkni from 
one oi the »wil4;hmen on the \\t\i\ who happened to be 
nit AiTu-riciin citizwj^ for throt? weeks' Ioavt> of abBeiii^e, 
in orrirr fhnt hv a/r^if affctu! to hl^ (ffttifn at n mPinhei^ 
0/ the Lf^ifinhilnre in /kt* Sfalc of I't'fnmfft. Theri^'s 
lnlk>ur-ini*nilir-r*liip for yc"i, if jon lil*'*' ami wr- m^tjji 
to he coming rapidly to u s^imibr condition of thin^ in 
Ibis country. Sir John, then Mr, Maaionftld, wa^. 
IVt wonderfiilly Hko Lord Hom^ansrtold ; nnd whoii 
'Miniftteml nuifonn,th^ms<*mbiano<>oCtheCaiiiiilian to 
i\\^ Brit!f»h ^tnt^iiinun wa^ 1^0 q[<>u> 3l« to bo almost comic. 
Ani>thprdiHthi^iKhed politician whom I mptutMoiitrenl 
was Sir (i**(ir^'i' Uiown, thi^ jiii>])n*'t.or itf tlie Tumntn 
iiittif, who viwK tlrntininl, poor ^iith'omn. U> dir hy thi* 
hnnd. not of n Fenian. l)nt of 11 vtndirtivc worknimi. 

TKp hout of n Now York simim(^r proved too iniiHi 
for my wifo ; aUhoui^h J revelled in tlie perpetual sun- 
ghini^. Wp triod Ji ^'Ufiy/pfiffptt at Saratov, and another 
at N**wp<>rt, but at th<? end n( Jnly my wiTi* divlartvl 
tliat another month lu America would kill her; no I 
sent h^r hiMiiP by nnt' of thi* splendid Hteamsliips of 
the <.\i»anl line. inHl<*r tho <^omnmnd "f tlmt evo<?llent. 
maiitcr-marineT and Commodore of the (.'nnarfl Fl'^et, 
Cikptain JudkiuB, He wtis thi> potiteHt of skippers, aiMl 
hi^ uank4^- wax a houttehold word anion^ the ladierf in the 
Ujipor circloK of Fifth Avtrnite and \V;i«bin|^n ^^uare. 
Hp wsxk a wa^, too; and I ktinw iml. now how many 
time» has heeu relat-e<l his retort to tb*- Ifuly who prr- 
wsU^ntly Atkwt him " wbother it wart always fo^y olf 
tli^ rna^** of Newfonndland,"" " Kliiine my eatj<, ma'am ! " 
he rcplie<h '^ do you think I livtr there?" Tlio Com- 
mode^ was always an adept at improvisation ; and *5oni« 
ot hia " pattei" " *0!iptt were jw hnmonms a?t they wer** 


I mine bol1tl<^ l>y tli« Cananl stOAitiftliip Jn'a, in 
DecpnWr, just in time for ClimtmiL8 in Ouitfonl 
Street; but ere. for the pceseDt, I paurt from the sreat 
H^puttlic, I mxy he allowed tu «ay a few u~i>nLi touehing 
two of tlie closet o( my lUAtiy Anii^riuui frtfiKU. Thr 
Iwu frentleroj^n I alltHle to are the Ute Sainuel Wnrd 
jind theaci!oin]j|UliciI William Henry Hurlburt. Saimiel 
Ward. or^Cnck- Saiii. 'aa lie waa popularly known, was, 
wh4*n I knew him, in the prime of life. Tlmt life ho 
liad l>e(*un uTuler highly favourable au^piix^, coming, i» 
lie did, tif an ane^'Mrai Xew York family, and eopjinjj, 
aai he hwl dont*, a tliumtigh claM^iiQil ^dncatinn. He 
wiiK, furtbemicre, rv ilnent Fre»el> •cholar, ai)d a |>ftei nf 
B*i mean calibre. Hp began iiis career a^ a partiitT in tht- 
gn-at banking firm of Prime. Ward, and Kio^, in Canal 
Street, New York ; and jifterwurds had beeo ooBoeme^i 
in all kindH of comimrciul, tinaneud, and mimn^ 
udvcntnres in Mexieo jind California. I have not 
ihe flli^hteiit idea a^ to wbat biisinefiH *' Uncl« Sam" 
i^^rried on in ISlU, '^rhnnt^lnnit ihr Ijef^i^latiTe 
Semioii he was ^j^^iier&lly travelling between New York 
mid WaAbinj^oii, and iiiterviewiDf;. or beini; inter- 
viewed by. leading* politicians, tot conference with 
whom in the Fedorul capital he had a luysterioiu 
little hooite of hxa own, rcomewhere ni>ar Pennsylvania 
A^'enue* Wbother hu rolled lo^*, or gruiuul »ie», or 

Eulled wires, or waa a lobbyist, or a mugwnmp. or 
iiU-doM-d /tnybiidy, it is no buHincfta of mine t« inquire. 
I only know that be always twcmed to have jJenty of 
mon<y> that his convcr^ution wa^ doligbtfal, and Ins 
ho#pitb)ity inoxlmu^tiblt>. ll'iti firAt wifr, I think, had 
been a daughter of thi? houiie of Aetor. Bis second 
fr^oijfte was a Misa Zeiiobia Grtmeti, of an old family 
In MaHKaehnwettK. " lltiide Sant " was a i^nMinimat^^ 
}^LAtnjQotne ; although, like most ^nuine i-picmv?, hia 
appetite was a very moderate one. 

We nflcfl 1o dim^ mueh better tlian I can dine 



lit thid time ot Any \\\ Jjondoi) at Uiliuoaicoii, wliicJi 
ha<l th<*n two bmnclies "<lown town," one in Chambers 
Sirtvt. AinI anotliiT iit Uiu cornier ui Canal Slro(^l ; iutd 
ji iliinl :»t tlie con»<-r of tlio tlini fiiKliionubb* Knjit 
Fourteenth Street iiiul Fiflli Avenue, Then there was 
iiDtitht-r u^ry Kjili'nili^I re*ta«rant *' up town/' trailed I*;i 
MiilKun Dort^i.' ; antl Ein:illy, tlmv wan an i^xtrf'lh^iit hi^nsc 
for dinner id Lttluyctte I'lacc, wliL*rc Siini Wiinl nlwiiys 
tept a Block of rare wines. 

The other intimate friend of mine, whom I first 
knew in 18(M, was "William Henrj" Iliirlbnrt. At tlje 
lime or U'hit'li I K|M*itk he wmt a h-aih^r-vvrit^'r hi (In* 
New York fl'rtM, of which the niitor wax Mr, Mnnton 
Marble. I have rarely known a man so varied in 
iieconipItdJtments aj* Hnrlbuit. He war* om^ of the moi^t 
brilhiuit c«jn versa tiomil is ts I r^ver listened to- and lie 
<:ou)d judge thin^ from fin Kng[lish n« well ilh from un 
American htundpoint. A scholar, ii linjjuist. a traveller, 
a briUiant writer, a (Inent |jubli(; apeaki*r, with a aiii^ii* 
tiirly itirlodionn, yrl. fureihh* viur.e. All thi- falric?*, s^ivft 
oni?, wcniod to have Wen prest^nt nt hi^ chriwtr'ninjf. 
Many years aftfir we bccjime friends, an Aniericjin lady 
in Itome tohl me that Hiirlbnrt, eai-iy in Liw career, had 
been an Unitarian minij^ter; mid that In* won tJk« 
iidmiration of the fennde pnrt o[ hi>^ con^ro^utlon, not 
only by bjpi elcquence a« a preacher, bill aKo through 
the cireii instance tintt he was aeeii^tomei] to lueeud tlio 
pulpit nUii'S " with a tnie polka stej}/' 

The friendship which 1 conceivetl for WiltjAm 
Henry Hurlburt remains undiminished to thi^ day. t 
nm not one of those who desert old friends when they 
nre under a cloud. He wait defendant in an action for 
breach of promi^^L- of inarriii^-, ;ind i\u^ jury rt'tnrned a 
Terdict ill his favour; but there wrre xnrnr mystfrimis 
fi-atun-H in the ea-se whirh hnve mner been, and probably 
never will hp, cleared up, and 1 am wholly at a Iosh to 
understand thi; mk'itpemcnt with which Hnrltmrt has 


been pursued. T was subpcenaed as a wttness, to 
testify as to his bandwriting in certain letters which 
were submitted to rae; but I told the plaintifTs 
counsel, Mr. Candy, Q.C., that I could not possibly 
Awear that the calligraphy of this correspondence was 
Hurlbui-t's : inasmuch as I had not received a letter 
from him for full twenty years; that I had to read, 
every year, thousands of communications from all sorts 
of people from all parts of the world; and> finally, 
that I was more than half blind. So the learned 
counsel aflablj' told me tfl begone. 




Ikr^hoihcn ii -My \Utvy In AmencA ' Ifi W, 11. KnHfill -A Sior? of )Uh 

.^mroiir Klv — Th'' Miwv TtiiU'iiiin hmI th*'lt Fullirr^tlB TTmiitj Hnir-- 
Jn r«rb Uncu More— U^rpDillrfl^Tlt: UiuiioJiinlltir und "tbo Wldow 
Uotupulc "^Alj{UTt* — An liit^rtii-w iiitt Kbiiolouu — TIih J^nrmuter nf lli*- 
n<4 Cr«M AidmiUavv -A lli-ott Javiii'^i in thi> 'Rinttrp jit Oran-'nin 
flAViMirot IMriL^h Kk At kJambvrir Agam— Vicjwidido* of l^'tnlUTir tt 

Soon ftft^r ly^ttiminf ta KDg;laTid I publishod the artielf^s 
wlikli r lut'l wnttoii in the /^tr/Zj^ Tehffraph luulor 
th4' titli^ i>f "My Dmry in Ariu*rit*ii in the Mid»t <*f 
War," iin<! I deJiditecl tlic two volumes to \V. II. 
ItiiM^tl with t}i« ftiiiiple legend "Crimea, Irdia, 
kxxwxM:^'' Is then* \\ Kritij^li jrniriiftlist who l«is 
cItHK' more for his country, for the It<*puhlic — 1 mean 
the t«pm in it** trae sense, La Cho^*' PnhH^itr. the Public 
ThinjT — than Wiliiam HowaM Uussell ? When our 
heroic «oMieiNi b**J"or** ^Soba^topo! w<^ro half utarviti^, 
in n»p»» and iWiniat^d hy sirkii****, Umshi-II, uh wjtr 
n»rr*-KpoiHlpiit nf thr 7jWj< iKn^pupfT, rreiirdrfl tliPir 
fliiffenngf* anil denouucecl the airelcsrsucsji. the atupiclity. 
the craA< iitHiccility of the <jnvernment nD<l itH orfinaK 
who hftil been tin.' prime euiihio of th*^ mw'ry ami 
the mortality in the rnnks of thit Itriti^h Army. Nu 
history of th^ war into the nndertakint; of which 
KnglamI was fiijoW by thi» tortiiouw policy of 
Na[»t)le<»ii III-, wiMihl lHMniiii]tlr*tf without i\\f lUTtplc-Hl 
justice bein^ done not only to William Hownrd 
KuBscI), but to thr heroic Florence Mi|*htingale, the 
" Lady of i\\^ Lump " i»f Longfellow. 


at Algiers, I'he scene in the palace gardens, in which 
all the trees were festooned with coloured lamps, 
and in which the mingling of Oriental and French 
military costumes was curiously picturesque, was like 
a dream in the Arabian Nigh^, grafted on the vision 
of some grand festivity at the Tuileries or Saint 
Cloud. 1 preserve, nevertheless, one very disagreeable 
reminiscence of tlie supjier at Mustafa Superieur. The 
j/ff'/fff comprised ostrich eggs, boiled bard, cut in sHces, 
and .served witb a ftaf/c& piquanh. I tried a slice; I 
never tasted anything so abominably nasty in my life. 
There is a memory of tastes as of everything elsej and 
while J am writing, tbe hideous savour and odour of 
that slice of ostrich egg distinctly recur to rae. 

I left Algeria shortly after Midsummer, and came 
home in a sufficiently leisurely manner. Being at 
Marseilles, I naturally proceeded to Nice, which was 
unbeambly bot. and spent a couple of days at some- 
what cooler Monaco, where there was a little bit of a 
gambling house in tbe upper town itself. Then I 
travelled to Paris ; and so took tbe train to Strasburg ; 
wandere<i up and down the Khineland for a week 
or two, and tben wooed Fortune at the Kursaal at 
Homburg. I backed the red steadily, and won a good 
round sum ; prudently avoiding, for some time, any 
speculation on the numbers at roulette. But a non- 
professional gamester is sure to make a fool of himself 
at some time or another, before he bids farewell to tbe 
tables- Just for fun, you know, I backed thirty-six, 
my own age, at the period named, with a gold 
Frederick; and tbirty-six won, Tben, of course, I 
took to plastering the tapis vert with gold pieces en 
phi/t, a chevtii, and so forth ; always *' insuring," as tbe 
silly term goes, on zero ; and in a day or so 1 was very 
comfortably dccavi^ or '* cleaned out." It was ten 
o'clock at nigbt ; and having, as 1 thought, lost the 
wbole of my available cash, I was turning in deep 



iliiwitii from tin* taWf, wlion a rrlnnlly L'rini|iii'r 
rallied out to me, " Hut, Monjiieur. you \md n loius 
on x^TCt." Yes, I liafi *' iufiured * nn itero, and I 
thought that 1 liod Iv^t it; but o.^ it turned ^ut that 
xcTo had won, I k^ft n portion of my wjnninf^s on 
ier*>. and aert* ^anio u|i iij^nin. TIh.mi I ;r.itlierL-d up 
my winmng?i; wt»iit off to tlu? frruk''i'f'i^iia\->niic tubW, 
:ind wun mun* uiouey betoi*- Uh' Kursaiil cli**pd tlun [ 
lirul mcr won in my lift-. My lui'k coniinurd for iin 
entire week, and it appeiired U> me ttiut it would be 
a very excellent thing to invest a portion — the major 
I>ortion — of my l>iX)ty in jewellery fcr my wife. Every 
aftt^rnoon wlion I n^turned JVtun Hombur^ ti» Fmnkfort, 
to dine »t tfic H6ti.<I d<^ ltii»;i<iv, I u^i^d to buy valuable 
bmcelets and nerklarc^, rln^K »nd (<liNlpliiineM. at tlie 
|>rin(-i[)al shff[iA in the ZeiT; atid it. was positively 
ar-ligtitful at night to open the nice litth morocco 
jewel Cii^*j<, lin<^I with whit^j or bliu" wttiii. ttiid ;;aKe 
at the spikrklinj; hsiiihks within* 

My luck turned: and away went the balanee of my 
winning. Then, naturallv, I Lad reeonise to the f^ood 
office* t^f Kerr Hirsi;!., Ilerr Wolf, Herr Kolin, Herr 
Ilahn, Herr Fuclis etc,, etc., dealers in seeont]*haud 
jewellery, and I punctually lost the proceeds of my 
aiale.s, I kept the mort>cco owes, however ; and when 
I rctnrnod to (ruilford Street. Rnottell Si^quare, I 
turned thortt> ineomplote t^ymbols of oonju^il affectioii 
out of my tnvaliin^ lay , \\\\A rela.U*cl, hiilt lanj(hinj;ly 
and half grtxminy, the wtory of my discomfiture. At 
least the empty ca^es showed that my iiitentiiHiH hiid 
bcOD, in the lirst inetivnce, pniiMeworthyn But tho 
rood to ti ^ertmii phice, we ail know, i^ paved witli good 
inteDtiou«, unci empty muroceo eases which have oncQ 
contained ^em^i muy l3c> among tbem. 

By thifl time the autumn wjk far advanced, lint 
mj iriirndA in PE-tj=*rho rough Court thought lliat 
another forrign tour wuuld do me good, iind them* 


SdLj's f.n'K Axn -i^r/;ATt*tA 

nelres no b;mn ; jso we iiniiiigcd si I(>ugtbeiied Coiiti* 
nei)1;it jotmiey, in wlucli I wus lo Iji- :tc^oiiip£ini<?«l hy 
itij' "Kih'-, ^1(1 wlikii Wi\A til Ih-^111 3l1 J^nivit^lst, ami mi<I 
at St. Pct^n^burg unci Mc>»cow, My proprit'lors kn^vr 
perfectly well what thoy wrc alwut ; thcr wished to 
eoiitiuiio my tr.iiniug us a Joaniali^t, anc jitt specinl 
Gon'o^lrond^ni, so that ivIimi I wns :Lt Iiotiie, Jinil lending 
urticU>K on tli^ inf^titutioii>! uml nninn^re of lor^i^^ 
countries were rpcjulri-O, I t'oul'l writL" en pfein^ 

\\> Irl't Kn^laiKl in Novi^iubtr; MavihI nwhilc at 
Dnisscla ; "flid" the field of Waterloo, smd, l>y some 
odd caprice o( Fate, went out of our way to tne city 
of Oassel, as duU and dreiiry a Gorman town as could 
well be met with, but which' bad, to inc, iin ckW attmc- 
tivene«s, due, I should nay, U> tny liavint; frequently 
read tb^t wondfrFully vebeiut^ttt and Mijierbly phrased 
pam[ihlet of Mirabeau: — the " Avir* aiix ilt-KHrti^." His 
llitfinK'.-f* Frederick Ji,, Kicotor of lle5S^*l.\id«(;l. ein- 
Ixlh«bL-d tho cupiUl of his dominions with ecvoral very 
himdKOuie public buildings, lu^ galleries, and so forth: 
the expenses being defniyed out of his own private 
pui'st', l]i?* vveidth h;ul been iicijuired by trafRtking in 
trill' lli-idi iiud hlood of \\\% HuhjerU, wbiuii be lout, for a 
Ci>nsidcratit>n. to the Kin^ uf (Ircat IJritain, to light 
]C^ battles in America and dsewhere. Five thousand 

dian troops were hired to fi^ht against tlic I're- 
tender in Scotland ; and the Knglisb Gcverajncut 
paid twenty-two milHontE of dcllai^ for twelve thou- 
sand Hrs^iatj* vrho were Bent to America between 
\11i\ and 17>4 It waii this !.y-item of draling 
in human ile&h und blood that incited Mitubcau 
to pen hi» furioan tiactate, which 1 have always 
coL^idered to be one of the prireipal portcntB of the 
Bevdutiou of 1739. 

Then we visited the Mstoric ganlens and palaee 
of Wilhehiihhfrtic, the North German Versaill^n. Thsl 



palace wum to be, only five ycurs Inter, tiio reftiilonoe 
of Nitpoltton III, as a prUor<>r of wur Wc wt'iit to 
Humbug, and tUence to HoIlati<I, pasHtn^ a vL>ry 

Fleasaut time at Rutterdam, at Amsterdanj, aud at The 
Iagu«*. At Uin li;i[»i!?iiirth' Opi-ni rToii*»\ in tlie huit- 
n»mf>d city, tliey were playing llalcvyV oprTii, La 
Jititfr. Many of my readers may bo aware that the 
fn^at majoi-ity of the chorus ain^ers at iJutch theatres 
are always Jews; and it waa oxtreinr-ly fiiuny when 
Tie JetcfxB — who Wiw a C'lirii^tiaii young Ifl'ly* with 
l>hi4« eyes and auburn hair — rnside Iier first appt-iLnince 
in tht* piece, to find hiT gntrsned by si luiwliiig inoh wlin 
were lyrically sinppased Ui 1m^ Christians, hut who were 
in reality IsnuOiten, nnd whi> pcwaionately ilemanded 
thnt the accursed Jewess should be drowucd. or habf^cd, 
or banit. 




To MidtL'l in 1 Ham'— ni« l>u^'hT«» ^.'f Fiu* ■&! U«r Hm>bAad> — Ur. mi 
Mt^ Anionio linl'lriLci— TV N»n in ibr Clnk : Wlut ■■ Uf?— T^ 
Kt*«tXiI — Tht Yatt M iht- i.'Aiut'ftt — Tnv^IIit^ it Spun— A Bmkkdovii n 
1^-r. l^iiii<^^V CoazHry—A linwdy FnvLiiBAq— Cvi4>Ti : the Cafl^iilial— 

Cuming out of Holland, we T^tumed to Xoitli Ger- 
mskuj ; and so, [Ki^sini; through Cologne^ took up 
our <]u;irter^ at the then cvsr HO»tel de Bnssie, bard 
br the Schlos> BrCicke. at Berlin, There we spent 
our Christmas : and I was making arnm^meDts to 
proceed to Kwii^berg, ^ ro^^U I'or St. Petersbui^r b> 
$ee whiit the Tsar's capital Wked like :d u inter^ when 
I r^vivtd a teleirram ^vutainiiu; only these words: — 
"' BrvMuiiou. ?*pain. Go thrre at omv/" The in- 
structious were t.vrtamly \-a^t> ; still 1 undeTSt<.<oi) them 
at i-nor. and thor>.'Ui:hIv-. It *-as a bitterly severe 
winter, l-ut there was othrrwise no iinped:meDt to nir 
jounirviniT to Madrid at oniv. My wife accv^mpanied 
aie as lar as Paris, when*.v 1 sent her l^ek to England. 
I oniv st^'ppcd thrte hours iu ihe FrviK-h oaptW ; and 
then, travtliin^ niffht and day, tkV^k tht:- r^lw^ir to 
Bonieaai. and thent* acn-ss i;-.e Pjreoe^s to Madrid. 
Thert werv no r^Tr-Ji-V'" in thi*« oays^ I h*l left mr 


ttK»k niv b>:oi* '.ff- sinoe they ha*! to rv rni fTv»m mv 

swollen rVt- 

"nzile". ther^ bad Ueen a m:l^TarA -'^■-'(*.i.\,;wi>*/i» 



aguiik^t the goYcrament of Qitcf^n l^aMla in one o( 
the TCffiiuenU in garrison ne&r Madrid ; but &ft«r a 
fcw courU-niartia! had been beld, a iow officoi's and 
soldieni shot, and a f.^w* d<.*|mti(^is di"?p<jrU'd to tW 
Italturic 1»]q^, coutidcTiCi- wii»j rwKtoivd and onltT rtti^fued 
in MjuIniI, I bad a Wtttr of iiitrtKlnction ri-oni tlie 
F<.>ri?igri Ofiicv 1^ Sir Jolm Cmrnplon, Iler nrihaimic 
Maje&tj'N Miniater to tbcr l7ourt of Qiifen I-khWIIi, 
who, like i\\\ tlir BriVi^U (Jiplonmti^ts witli wborn 1 
bavci comL* in ctinUct in iUv cijwrsc of my wanderings, 
tr«ate<1 me with the utmost cordiality. But I vrois 
even more fortunate in Hndini^ at u stately tnan»»ion 
the playfelhiu' of my rbildli<Hid, dear '*Viety" Balfe, 
now bi^coinp i\w wilV- nf thr Diiki- of Friu?^, u <p^ii<1ee 
of Spain rif nncit^rt linca^\ wlio^e Fdtlicr had been 
Ambassador Estruordinary at the Court of St, 
James's at the coronation of L^ueen Victi:»ria Bulfe, 
tlio coTnpofier, was aUo stayinj^ with \\u daughter and 
f^uii-in-luw. I w;is coutiTUullv at tbi^Ir bouxi^ iiud met 
tliero t)ie yuuthfnl Pukw of Alva inid a uiiihIkt of 
Spanish nobles of the nuuift'r nztil, the poi'traits oF 
whose ancestors bjok down on you in tht- deathk^a 
canTaAt\^ i>f Titian and VokiHqnez, The kindly pLikc 
of Friaji was much ph>a>M.'d with thi* int<^r^■^t wlikih I 
toM hiui that 1 h;vd long taken Ili tho wurk of tht^ 
Spanish painter iind eti^ier, l*on Fnuu-iseo Oi»ya y 
Ijucient*'!*, who^*? * ItLill-li^Iitin^^'iiud " IVisouers" series 
oF engravings I had ah'ratly ac<]uin?d. ll itf to the 
generosity oE the Duke that I owe th*^ addition to 
my collection of Goytwi of tbo *' UtsasUVrt do \\\ (iuerra/' 
the " Capricbopi/' and the "' I'roverbios ; *' together with 
oopLeH in monoiihrome of the two famous stuJies of 
ou Aiidaliuian belli*, " Li Maja," tme dra[>ed and the 
othvr undrAprd ; thi* nicxhd it hiix now bet-n aAivrtained 
bavin;; been n<.it by any im'sms, iu was commonly 
jussi^rted, an eccentrie IJuchcss of Alva, but a once 
]>oinilur Si>aniAh nctre^R. 


'»A\9 LTF7? AXD AtyrEXTeRKS, 

Thrre wjir jiirt one little orabarra«*ing circumfltance 
aUriiflant oil my kn^twin^ Hi^r Maj^Mtv'a MiiiUti^r 
Plt'iiipot*iitiai-j' av wpH bj* tlio Duki' iitu] ])ii<:bi^# of 
Frias. Tlie first hiiflhaml of Victom flalfi^ was 8ir John 
Cmin[»lon l)ii7u<olf ; l>ut th(> inarriago liad been annulled 
for ix'asoim wliich it if* pirrfi ctly iiiineccflMirv to specif 
liort-. but wliich rcfloctt'd no inoml discredit ou uither 
party- XoWj I iitcd to sjo witli tolerable frequiriicr 
tg tile Kmbassy ; iind liis Escelletu^y ^''ouUl oh*^n ask mu 
liow the DiJcui'WK ijf Pri;!'* wjl:* lm»kin^. Tln^re w»i 
scun:r*ly u (lay. VIII tlir utlur Imnd, that I *li«! not wee 
citbcr tbc Uukc iir l>ucbt.-?ifl \ and my formtT playMlow 
woaUl iiKUally n^k how Sir John Orampton was looking;. 
Have 1 not said, and mori> tliaii ono', that tbi^ i^ an 
«xtrt»mely ftmny world, if ^o i>nly tfikc fan* to Ici^ep 
our i.'yi'*i oiien t(j tlu' cornii* (iijistrtjt-* ? 

hi Madrid aIsu did I gam the frif^ndsliip of a i^till 
living and iwned joiinialtHtii: tx/ifren*, vrhom the 
Tiwfx liad sent out a^ T^ptjcial uorrewpondent to df^cribe 
ihi" iucidftits <.*f tbo rcvuiution wbicli tunivrd i>ut to 
K? u lizzie— with Autonio Gullun^u and his do%H>ted, 
AiTumplisbed. iind Ktill living wife; and I rerneniW 
Mr^ UiinengiL Huniniiiig ii]i tlu- Spanish oburact^r thu& 
tersely am] vividly: " \Vr wriil'to TotiMhi/' »h<- nwid; 
**»nil tlu-rt" wrn.* seven men in cloiiks yaURtrd utnlcr 
an arthwciy. <;!use to the botcl. and smoking cigarettes. 
We spent five houm sigbt'sceing in Toledo ; and, 
rttumirg to tb^- hotel to pjiy tbk- bill, and go hack 
to the railway station, we found the ^Jime wcven 
iMt 11 wrajipcd in clojik?;, find smoking papeiiitjn, 
j^atlieri'd nndt-r llu' ^irchway." The man in ihv 
capa or cloak — which, bj thti way, he airangcA in 
nreciaely the same manner that the ancient HomaDa 
di8po«ed their togns — h w permanent institution in 
Maclrid. Hl' U iill over the city \ bat it \^ cbielly m 
the fit'reat Square*, the Puertia dc^l Sol, with *a fountflin 
in the middle, where converge t!ie principal street* 

TnAVEhf? ry f^PAm 


of tlie city, that tlie iiiiiii in the cloak con^jr^gateB with 
other niyst^rionH Va/ffi/thojt. m nion- or Ii^h* ahahhy 
mautles. Yiiu may si»t' Kuitii*thiii^ <if tin* »;n»r' kiml 
evvry aftrrriooii In tht? riazKii Hulujitiji at Uomi? ; hut 
the Spanish loafer hau^^ about the Pu^rta M Siil fixjm 
ten m the niomiiij;: until hito at night. It may be 
a^^umed th&t at curly morn he has tiikon the ntitioral 
br^akfa^t of a cup uf yh^icolattf matli* wry ttiiuk, with u 
yla»K of C(>hl water — th<t Spanish dnuking-wiiter is th** 
iii«;st refreshuijf in the world — iind a filic-e of brea4; but 
wheUii-r III* *>vci luitdies or dlniifr. 1 ani luit [ni-jjarHd 
U> j*tiitr ; ni"r> iig^iin, cun J c^frtify thiit hi.* has any other 
wcurinjr uppar«l underneath thtit clotik. What is 
he? Some SAV thflt he ia a cc«aNfff—a,n ex-Govem- 
njent cUrk, wlio lor r(*aflons of ucononiy has bet'u 
cliniinaiUd from the Kcrvice with a stiiall [Kiiwion, Th<tre 
L(? wiw, Iiowpvm-, io tlw ^ririuLf wf l^^'io ; tln.»R* hu> was 
iiw fn^xi time I retLirued tu Madrul. more th^ii lt*n 
yearn afti^rwardx ^ uml theve he in, I Iiavt^ not the 
aIighto»t doubt, in IHt^4, iu ii-pparently the same cloak, 
wcarin*^ the same vomirrro, und pntGu^ at the mmc 

It \K"^ in Madrid, too, that I renewed my acqjaint- 
aiiiT with worthy Mr, -huu^s A^clUiLiry, then it youin/ 
iiul[iontiairi\ whout I had liYhi known in tht^ Uniti-d 
State?t, and who liad come to Spain on M>mo matter 
of a railway or a niinm^ concesMon. In company with 
Mr. A??<hbnry, I visited that astonishing inonnuKMit of 
urt and devotion, the Kr^c^oriul, whieli £nLjH>ih peopK*. 
for some reason unknown to me, perriist in »;pellin^' 
KAcnrial : just as they way aith iln /f instead of n/ffo 
rf'/V, and ^/fffntt nl ftn'htfltt initti^ad nf ft i-ur^iffix, TIw? 
bvtt wax tlur t(T!(e ix'ply <^r I'alafof at Sjinigosii t^* the 
French general who summoned him to surrender. 
Outrra n e/trhiUo iinawera in Spaninh to our '* war to the 
knife ; " but s^^nu nJ rtti^htih wuuld iiurun " war iii^uimit 
th<» knife." I ^re now the ^tdiron-plann^^^d puhiOi'< 

i» -zd'AT Lzn _lXI izrrsmis. 


iyr Nip^^r:^ - --r^X'!-^; io^ r:»?l \fi tb^ ^'-^ pictuici 
fj^v^ if^z, 7^:»->T^ :f,. iLir Mqh^uc St Madrid. A fev 
'/M r/^>iik- Wier^ pc4ten*i£ abtxit. in-i »h^w«d tn die 
rii-'-*: <r/I'^'jr^ ::-4irble* ^iid the pri:d5g>>o* frescoes hj 
L^ca ^>:'>rda&o. omniOD'y c^Jea " Liua £i Presto/' or 
" L'lk^ ill a Htitt\'/' ChieSv :d ^j4ui£ctk>Q witii thii 
4r*^ry vVih*:^ th^r^ dwelU in znj mind tb^ Pantcon, 
'^r lytynl touth-hon^. in whicb are depofiud. uDcmg 
'Ah^T d»^iiJTjct SpanUh ^^TtT^ign^, the aAes of Clurkft 
V, ITi^ friar* showed os also the black marble sbelf 
on th^ ed^^ of wbich Queen Ii^abella of Spain had, with 
a pair of t';UH>r^, scratched her name, as indicatiD^ the 
h\KA wlier^i in the fulnei-s of time, her remains would 
retot. We declined an invitation to xmt tbe adjoin- 
irjt; VituXt^m de I-os Infantes, cvnimonlv called "H 
I'll*! ri d'rnj,'" whtre, among other members of the royal 
bouse of Spain, inoulder the bone:? of tbe anbappj 
Jjoij Carhrtj. 

Wa retunjed to Madrid just in time for tbe Car* 
nival, whicb, at tbe time of which I speak, was qait« an 
imi>ortarjt festival in aristocratic Madrid society'. The 
MtreetK tliroughout the day presented a veritable 
jiijitff]uerude; there beiDg a great many more masked 
and fanci fully -attired penson.s in tbe street than indi- 
vidualH in ordinary coutume. Of counje I except the 
luaUiTH or inooners of the Puerta del Sol, who, wrapped 
in thfiir ra/utft, gathered a^ usual round tbe great 
fountain, and regarded the brilliant scene around them 
with htalt arid accustomed looks, puffing their papelito* 
meanwhile. In thePradu tbe cavalcade was marvellous 
to Ixdiold in its variety and splendour. All the 
{f^tiipagcH of all the grandees in Madrid seemed to be 
passing up and down the great drive; but the armorial 

TRAFKis ly srdiy. 


bi^iiniitrs on lliu ]i!iitL>U nf the airriiigeti w«n^ ctrt»fully 

men and foottiieu, ito well iw t!ie (KU*u[)ant> nf the 
vehicloM, viroYo ixin^ks uud iloiniuuca. TIjc very Ijoitvcits 
won; Vi."ili'd, (ukI, save t« cyo^ lon^f L-sperifiiccd id 
caruivAlo^aue proc^i-diu^, it was ulmof^t iiupcH^ililc to 
idi'iitify tUe turu-tiuU of eveu oii«')^ iii<Ht iathiidte 

In It.iily tliey Iiavo ;i raying: — - 
"In Ciirnevak' 

In udniikitl lime hII pmctical jokes are jiutiHiible. 
WlifUiiT lliry littvc H kiiMliV-il ?*ayiiig in SpiLiti, I kriuw 
not; but 1 prudcuUy boK-tiic ItiHiui uuo in miad when 
A tall goutleniau, drtrssed as a Unistidcn quietly re* 
movt'd from nty niouiti the ci^'ar 1 wa^ smoking 
And trainploil it nndt-r fool, I kutw whiit wait cumin^, 
He prtHJuei^d a liaudsikirK' rii<jru("i;u d^ur-rnsc?, with a 
inutio^iani in g^M^ opened it. jipl-^^imiUhI riu^ with a 
superb regalia iiupt-riali^ of CahaniLs' make. aud. makiii|^ 
m« the grdvwit vi' buww, ikii>artcd, A friend told nio 
Ibo ^*aanv morning, that m he wiitt writing a k*tt<.T in the 
coffe«-room o£ hia hot*»l, a pciKct Htrun^>r, moakod, 
of coarse, canie up to his table, took the lett&r from 

L binij and to all nppi-urance proceeded tu read it. He 
hjul n(>t. hnw(^V4?r. done aiivthiiig of thi* kind, for in an 

I iuftlatit he returned the half-lhiishL-d niin,>ivi.% and showed 
my ftAtonialied frittiid tliat he had hcvii holdiug tlie 
hU^r uprtidt*-dowii. In the evening wc went to a grand 
niaAk buU at the Opora- Very few of the ruder »ex were 
mii^k^d or in dominoes; the va^t majority wtrre m 

KMrening dress ; and the fun of the evening was for the 

^ndieti, wlio witc all mtiNked up Ut their eye^, tu liay im* 
{TtTtineut tfiiugti to you in Ji shrill Ealfietto. 1 think 
tbibt ere midnight I tva^ told that I wa# a nionttter of 
agli]it>dtt, that I lind run away with thi* wives of sevt-ml 
of my mo»t intimate- ErKndH, and tliat I had takea 


rofugc ID Jtadrid Wcaust: Grcnt biitiun htd at 
time uo ejitmditjon treaty with Spain, and biM-tuiste I 
was "wanted"* ;il hume Jor burglary, incendiarifm, 
for^ory, .ind an utt^mpt Ui jviis^on my aunt^ 

Tlii' S|auian1» luivv nn cxc|utHiU'ly kivii soent for 
tliu TtrrL'i^icr : ulHiougli he niny minutely ctinfonii to 
CiLstUiun tkiannn^i and custom*. :md ^peak the lan^i^ 
witli irreproauhabli^ Huonc}-, they will ut once apy hijn 
out ai* iin "sfrtiMjtro. A Frc^ncli ludy whom 1 had the 
iidvriiitugi' to know, thp wifo of u Spanish offi«r of 
rank and h Itoiuan Catholic, told mo that when «he 
went to riuitint at the t^burali of the Alocha at Matlrid 
hIii?' alwjiy^ jtih>[ih-d thr* S|mni%ii rii>Urni of wearing S 
bliK'k niiiutilhi; and she- tiiitt(Ti.-d htrrsidf that after 
long practict? und with the help of her nmid sha hod 
succeeded in looking. 6o far Ji8 h(^r he»d imd shouhWn 
were concerned, altogether Custihan. But it was oo 
good. One moruing a ra^^ged ^trvcrt-urehin " upoUed" 
\u-T ; ;niil, jioinlJitg ;iL lii-r with Un^ Jtin'rin^r-rortli^nHitilir 
cried tti an equallv tattered brat, hifi compeiuioD, *\llii'a 
h Franceta 1 ' " Look at the Fronebwoman ! " 

The ProHtfHetGmento which had broupht me in 
the depth of winter from Berlin having igDonilDiously 
collapsed, Gallenga judged that it was time to return to 
Printing Huiui* Signarc?, Wf, howi-vi^r, un* we 
departed, Ur make ix trip »cro«s the Sierra Morc^na and 
see vrbat Seville, Cordova, and Uranada were like ; and 
we purohn*ed tickets entitling lib to occupy a r^jupt 
In a train leaving M;idrid fur the South the next morn- 
ing; hill thut Mdt-Hnmu afternoon th^ Timf^ recalled 
Oallenga by wiro; and \\v liberally gavr \\w \\is ticki.*t. 
by melius of which I made the lir»t [kut of tbe journey 
in grt-at minfort. In the matter of travelling, lu indeed 
in mont otb<^r tbin^» the TispitiiiiLrds 4ire u peculiar 
mcc. In Uemiany they u^ied to aay that only crowned 
heads, Englishmen, and madmen travelled Grsit-olasA. 
Til Spiiin. u» my time, it w;i* the seamd-tlaurt and not 



the first ono that was tlir loost patronuied. The realty 
poor used the third-clos-f , but ev<^rybod^' with Hie 
slightest pretensicns to ^utility travelled tir^t; and 
I oftUftUy found the firat r-laws calTiagc^ iuL^ouvcniciitly 
crowded, although th<i oceupantv; th^r^of frequently 
took wi though thf^u- clrcurnstiincH??! were not precisely 
of a nature to warr^jit tlieir p;ij iiiJi first-clasH (iir<*». 

I remeinlK^r u tjpica] iiitifauce of an ruttn.^ raiiiily 
at a vrayeidc ^tjition cntcririg a ciirriii^c ui which 
hitherto T had been the onl^' occjpaut. There were 
apparently a. grandmother, a mother, a wifo, jind a 
yoang lady of eight**en, th*' fluui^'liter, pcHmp>i, of 
an iineu-nt hidjl;;o with whit(> li:iir and moustache. 
Thr hulies wen* not procisely in rai^s, hut they were 
desperately shahby ; jij^ for the liidalg(j, h*- hatl to 
all appearance Aelt'Ct^d his attire froiu oina nf thi* old 
clothea' tfhops Iturd by the Plaza Mayor. ^uoh a 
shocking b^ul h^t iv< )\i^ had, I have* rarely beheld, 
Stayl thero wat a ht>y about t'leven, ;ia ^eedy as his 
sire. The family brought with them a prodigious 
aAMiirlnient uf hiiiiillrH ;ind bniwii-jiajjrr |iaivi*lH fiiiil.Uitg 
a faint »nd nut uH^^^tttlirr jignc-aijlif udoLir. TIk>« 
they were carrying with Wicm; no doubt for the 
purpose ol not having to pay for the conveyance of 
their lug^ago, the charges for which in Sj>ain are very 
high ; and when I iiKxkly protCMt^^d iigainKt the bundleji 
uiid parcek bting scattoHirJ all iivrr the c;trriiige, and 
even uehind vny Mtat, the Rmdll Ijoy roM\ M\d addre^ning 
loe aft " Vtttd,' the conventional abbreviation of " Vuetim 
Metxfii," "your worshij)/' procet^ded to tt-II me in a 
tlacnt oration thiit I ought to think uiy^^df honoured 
by travelling in fiuch compiniy. Where tho honour caii'i^ 
in I tailed to see, but I was 6uhsL*qiu*ntly confiid<.*rahly 
auiusied by the transfonnation which took phuM? in thv 

f^rb of my tntvvllitig (^HLijuaiiionh jtiAt before we reached 
tiulrid. Th<» shot^ktng biid hutn, the gn^it-^y mantillaH, 
the patched and faded ckak» gave way to quite upruoe 



nuA vfiitirl giirmetits ; iukI vf\wn \v& iv£ich(.'tl ilie ca|iiial 
I fonml tw(> sf^K'^iil fooliiien in lundsome 1iveri«a 
wailing for llie [aii)il>% and wliu» Mxer assmUng them to 
alight, pruoce<K'd to ^Atlicr up nil tlic bundles luwl 
pjircvlti, I suppof^e thM tlie hend of thir houtv was a 
DoH with the loiij^iit vt pedigrees, wud I hope ttal be 
drove » eoach-in-Kiv, ;tna w:i« tlifi owner of a palatitl 
m;iii^iiiii ill Ui4* ('iiMi* <lr Ali-ahi. 

M^' experiences in trarcHing fTora Madrid in the 
direction of the Sierra Mortma were widely different 
ami not on the whole eo pleaaant We trav»'lU-d with- 
out uny incident to *ipeak of thi^ougliont the nigLt ; 
and At dawn vrv had entered the province of La 
M^ni^liM ■ SID nrid, liiirreii, ht.H'ff^s^t Uml, KWi^pt l>v blafais 
in winter oiid scorched by »tin in fiumnier; bnt im- 
pen*bnb)y memorable and intensely mteresting to all 
students of Ccr^'iinleSp For thiE is the country of 
Don Quixote. After passing the goi^ of DcspcDA- 
perroi we came to a little riekety villa^f^ called Venta 
ae Cftn]en;i»'- Ttit^ " Hiindhiiok of Sjmiii/' rvmind^ u$ 
that, in a /riarfi close hy. Ihr Knij<ht r'f the Rueful 
Conntcnancc begun ln» peniince. and that near Torre 
Nucva be libemted the gvilley slaves. Jn fact, thctr ii 
scarcely a rood of ground in this region that docs not 
remic*! yon of tht* immortal etmipjmy of mt-n and w<>nieD 
niiid** pulpiiljh\ viHible, and vaseular ljy the geiiiuvft of J>oii 
Miguel dff Ccrviinl<-s y SiiavedrA, 

I was in no ni"<^d. hiiwev*^, to dwi-ll upon tlw 
bcuutte^ of Uun Quixote that PVbruiiry nii>rn)Dg; tfince, 
at Vents* de Cardenn«, the train from Madrid hrvkedowD< 
La M:inclia \h miiinly tuhh^-htiirl, ;Liid is »itd to be 
two thousaiKl fi?et above ^(m levc-l ; but although 
apjmtvntTy n phitn, it is very undul&ting. and in the dips 
an occcisional sti-eanilvt crentcs soracthio;: like vcrdur*? 
The great want of the rf^gion is, as a ruk*, water, and in 
the pixisent instiuiee Vonta de Cardenas, tike poor Ophelia 
in Umnhf^ bad too much wateT; the ntri'^inlets had 




benfn HwroiW inUi top^rnts, mlliui; ilown fn->m the 
nghlkoiiriu^ Mifirr/r, an*! lli" cmititrj for mil*'H and 
mites arownd W4> lliunli^l ; >f> w^ were fiirred tn l^ave 
the ti-nln and u^iit initil Hlo waters had ftnl^^iJi^d, 

This wa,i misery nnmlier one. Misery iiumhcr two 
arose fn>in tin* cir^'nin^tiuicc tliiit tlicro wwi nctliinp to 
eat at tho Vt?ula. <le Cardenas. '* Xo &/i// imda'' (there 
U nothing whatever) U a. c*imnion reply to any qn(*stit)njj 
ou KJiiy :isl: us to the oonditiuii df fh*' lurdfr at u 
ptttiiKh iiiit ; sdvc and eici^pt only iit tin* time of parhrro 
or Wiled fresh beef garnished with ytifhinzn^ or cliick- 
peajt* and H;LU?<agi:s highly iiujire^nat-^'d with giirli<^; ^vhich 
D4Ltii>ruLl di&h id u.^uully n<?rvcd in Wvt proviuois ut noon. 
It wiw scrven in the- morning wlicn our breakdown 
oceufTed ; and there wa^ not oven the morninjj chocolate 
w^d bread to be obtained, 1 bad had nothing tiince 
veit on tho |ir^ecdiri^r i-venitig, mtd wajx de^^penitiOy 
ungry. N^^ rrn nafl/i ? Then* was. jKisitivdy nuthin^ 
to eat; and although I tliorougbly behevo that tobacco 
allftyri the pang^ of hanger, even a conlirmed smoker 
doe:* not care ahuut smoking more than three dtjuiTi 
belofc' brotikfoHt. I liud bod no bri^ukfjut at ^ill at 
tb« time when my third " weed*' had been consumed ; 
acd to a^lil to our woes, it was hruitfd about that 
it yiiiLA exhiniely nori-rljihi vvhi'lhi-r ihi- i]iia[itity of 
pmck^ro avuiliibic tvoulcl suflicc to feed even a third of 
tbfi paaaengcr^. Tims, famine-stricken »nd ahiverinc? 
with cold, the liri^fJiclmh'i ej(H?tcd from the water- h'i^ged 
train were grouped on the summit of a hill, iLnd u^ug, 
r am ftfraid. in many Instane'^s language unfit for 
rvtit'liti'jn in ixfliU- society 

,At lengtli there oanie splashing through the water 
frODh the Houih of the \ent;i ;i ^iiHt/trticiu or ^tftge 
COflOh drawn by <:ight inulc^. Tli^re hod evidently 
been floods in another part of the district, and theae 
fresheb^ had stopped another train^ The occnpanbi of 
the Jiiigencia appeared to he <txcellently well victualled. 




fttid w«^ri> miiaoliitiff Miu«f^;6p^ bmid »m1 chi-^fte. and 
c^ikt'A with ^T^ai giiHto. In particulAr, I totA iiot« 
of a &toutiftn ge^itleiimu with a black dosely-dipped 
moustache, whom, iiotwibh^tAQcliug the plaid iLUt«r 
whioh ho wore, together with it GlciiguTry cup, I at 
t>uc*j ULt dowD in my mind as a French commcrciiil 
truveller. In hU ri^ht li^nd he carried a black bottle, 
and undt*r bts Mi ilnl^ ha bore, ftomewlmt osti^ntatiousljf 
T thiiii}r)i|.^ a Io(ig, tliick \im( of bn'swl ^vith n KitH^- 
cru^t to it, I wient up to liim, addtrssed him politely in 
the French lany;uiij^<'. toM him that I had had nothing 
to eat for ftftt**!! hoiirw, and bcijgcd him to let me have, 
for prompt puyinoDt. a portion of liis crusty ioaf. He 
Topliftd very hmtqucly that he had not y<-t ha4.I hU 
breakfast^ and that he had ample use for the pmvitions 
which he wan carrying. Meanwhile, I was ineaitiim? 
hun vi'i-y ran^nilly ; nnd idwcrvcd that he wai* rotiuid 
of BtoJniu:h, uuJ could, if occasion dt-muuded its be 
easily vvinJcd. So I took the cruaty loaf from him; 
broke it Ji> half; ^avo him Ixick one moiety — not the 
hirgeftt one^aiid handt"^ him at the same time a silver 
doila.r, Howherui^l^ how he i«U»rined ! what uppro* 
hi'ioiis r^jniN.'v he calii'd uw, yfufftrmm'tr' ! — f.fcfAirtT^'.m^itl 
vtai/iQ/niefc. was the mildest of liifi puwers of" eloquence. 
But in the end he pocketed the affront and th^ ailror 
dollar, evt'n a^ Ancient Pistol pocketed the groat that 
FluoHen ^uve liiin to heal hit^ cudgelled pate withal. 

Wi:> abod^" at the Venta de Cardenas tilt nightfall ; 
hnt ^^atii^ of Jiavvie* hud lieen d4'S|jaiehi'il Uith fn^in Ih** 
north and the south: d^ims had been thrown wp ; the 
waters, also, were nubaiding ; and after travelling a few 
niih^ft in mnk-oarta, we touched dry land again, rejoined 
thc^ rail, crossed the mountains, and found ourselves 
in the lovely city of Cordova. I had already made 
the ^lequaiTitatice of ti Cunlovu hi Mexico; Imt tht' 
Andaliisiaii Cordova '\s infinitely mure interesting than 
the fourth-rate Mejtican town. No more winter after 



70U liave crossed tiic Krowit MouDtain^! It >v-a» oulr 
^^id-Pe1>ruary ; yet we were in the midst of oraiige una 
^blivi^ l^ve^ ill full bloom. W^ fouurl, too« » really 
liabiUbli^ Fonda ur hi^tel, wliicli was positively as 
cleaLH as a new pin ; and in this connection let me say 
tbat much <>[ \\\f. old Halium<;t;iu clE*au!iutfHT« \% niill tg 
\n' fniini] ill Atidalusiib; it Is only in tlir ntjrth tliat 
dirt rcigns witli almost unsurpa^ablc sway. Seville is 
as elenn as CoMova; Cadiz i^ ^potlenn; 1 saw nothing 
obj^^cti'jiiublT^ in tlic way of sanitation at Gnuiaila, arjd 
ihv' only iXMiIly Jirty town that 1 have litrhttd upon 
ill t)K> fiouth of Spain is Maliiga, 

Naturally, my liixt visit was t<) t.Iiv f;t^h<llI^ Catliedml, 

wliieli WAX ancii^nilv an Arab Ti]itsc[LK% anil \% >till 

popularly knowu;is" La Mejtquita/' juntas at Stamboul, 

even the Tnrkn will sometimes speak of the largest 

of their roos(]nct4 as "Santa Sophia*' {Ife A^iu Sofiu^ 

the Holy WistWni — iK»t a fvmiuitie nuint as the Kranks 

usually a*sumiO' ThoJ**? ar<" so \x\m\y navc*i and traTi^]>ts 

irrcmvtn^ atnd recro^ning eat'li otht^r in this astounding 

edifice that the interior has been called a fttrest at 

labvriTitli ijf pillars; aiiJ the !*ti-aTi^fiirfs <tl thf ^ight 

!« enlmuced by tht cu"cun3stanct' that tlic column^t are 

j in no way uniform or of the snnic length 1 they arc 

of jaaper. porphyry, verd untii^ue, and other precious 

^ujarbles; and have l>e*?n adjusted to fit in between the 

^■^hes and IIlc p^venu^nt either by ih^' PiMrruht.E-411 

^^rocrs* of Niwing ofT a pi^rtion of the shafts vilien 

they were tt)o long, or piecing them out with huge, 

disproportioned capitals. 

, The carnival was in lull swing at Cordova; i^nd in 
a puregri nation of the €ity 1 wae enabled to witn^rss 
0»c of the prettieiit Spanish \'nrinntH of that festi\'al, in 
wliut are called esvttetut th hailo. or ambulatory dancing 
acIiOijIf^. One sat 111 the iMUirtyard of the f-h^r/ri, or in 
th^ j^tiito of ftOTue friend's houKe ; whm smddeiily, About 
;ht or nine in the evening, there would come the 

Atiiiiin;; njipiiriHiW of a bevy of chiltln'ti, boys ami girlK 
ill lull ikjllh't eoatiimo, wlm ]»rof*iec<i<^I to i^xcH^iit^*, with 
f»ir\ ULi- ^r4*>' ;nitl tUitiTily. a >irri«* oi i»uli4>ii;kl ^I.iiic^, 
sucli OK tbr c/-Vtf. tht' /undttsgo. Hit* t/attmeiu, llie 
tartiftpa, tlie hapoln^ the jnyuitUUn lunMcir^a. an<l the 
:nfMlfadii. The^t^ »iu»ll |i('if\jnii4'nv, tvho uere UDdcT 
thi- guiilttncc of o wrinkled old gcutlciuun in u elodkk, 
whu played od the giiitur while they duuccd. never 
askod fcr any bakabish ; but if you clipped a dollar 
in tW old gt^iittenijm'ft hand He aid not rofuse it, and 
jncidL-niiiliy i^xpnrsHod hU hupu thiit you might Wrv iv 
tboUiiianil yc>firs. 

It was not. huvTQvcr, until 1 hod left Cordova, umI 
gom- lurtiier ^uth. to &-vilh-. tttat I t^aw the CArDtrnl 
in its full j^iory. Tht' enclntntiTig city ! Over u&d over 
ugain have I boon thero ^xwvm* l7?6ij ; but in Seville, a^ 
in Rome, you discover ttonietbin); new anJ sr^metbiuff 
dftlitfhtful every time yuii revisit the town, Thw 
work, Iii»wt'vci", iliii*!* m)t jirofi*H8 tn hi- in rtuy iVyrei- 
of the miturc of a ffuit?f-b(wk ; ;nid for that reAM>n 
I will not SEV unything mure ubijut the curiofiitics 
cf the capital cf Andatusin, euve ju^t to menttcn 
that on Shrove Tuettday, at VesfjeTs, in the catliedmlt 
I uitnesMod iho uniqiu' spocuicle of the little chorister* 
ihinctng before Uk' Allsiiv 'T\\t' nivlnns iirt- dn.*«£<^l 
n]> ilk slabbed di>ubh>t« iiiicl truiik^hoKf, wiilt rufFn c^ii- 
drcUng tbeir chubby faces, with short maotlofi, and with 
toy rapitri-?; and at a given ^tajcc uf the service, tl«?y 
diiuoo li slow and t^olcnm meiu^ure, which gradually 
quickens into quito a joyona fimdonj/o, clacking, mean- 
while, ttieir cji^tanefc*. Smik* Kiiglisb Uulir* who w^re 
with me begun to cry nhib^ thr litth' fellows with the 
niflH were liMitiiig it. At what will nut teoder-heart*!*! 
woiUL'n weep? I kmfw (fni? ludy who alwwyr* sobft 
when t?hc is at a review, and witnef^(>t?s ;i tuutiical ride 
of the Hoyal Horse Artillery. I intended to hiive gone 
on from >^ville to Onin:t'lk ami to M^laira,. but Fitte 

TIU\']iL:i IN tiFAIN, 

said no. Tlip cvue] win^ brought me, ono morning, 
a despatch — the usuul bi-ief (Jespatcli — running thus : 
"War between Italy and Austria imminent, tro to 
Venice." So I retraced my steps, and bidding farewell 
to that land of Spain I love so well, I made haste 
to reach Paris, and went down to Calais to meet 
my wife, who accompanied me to Italy. 




r:^3snlB PAff— YiiiiLV— A BmIVv bcitVHa ■ Cmb bhI t But— Tb» 
Vfntoc -Pndun— MHun-H. U. Uvtidmui— -- ViTh Vivdir— IV tkW«f 

You ladii.>T4 and gontlenion of En^liiud. who Iiv4> at 
home nt t.*:\t^t^, and t^ike, it niuy be, your ftuttimiial 
halidny on the Continent in August or id September. 
hiiM* lill.le idcji. of thf dii^ciivtifort, mil) orrcvi>ti>nidIy th<> 
daitgtx of ^1 jciiiniey from France to lUly tUirly yi*a^ 
ago. Wc clioec the Mont Ceni^ route- -the pa5!;, vou 
will remember, selected by Horace Walpole, who. whik 
crosdin^ it, had the misfortune to see hh little lap d<^ 
run Eiwuy with by a wotf. In X\i&*i* days t)ie tourist u 
conveyed swiftly, wcun-ly, and eoint'orfjdily lu n ftulooii 
carriage, with very [jn>lmbly h n-*Uiiraiit-i.-ar Litturhed to 
it., thmugh that extraordinary monument of engineering 
ffkilh tlie Mont Oeiii^ tunnel: the run from Savoy into 
Piedmont lasting less tlian five and-twenty minutes ; but 
in iSGi^ you liad to erawl from Lnnw-le-bourjjf to Sum 
in a diligfjic^ drawn l^ fourteen or sixt^-eu mulc-K, 

The ixjiiil rtsu* a very fine one, constructed between 
lft02 and liSll by that great benefactor and scourge 
of the hnnmn race. Napoleon 1, At the culmiftating 
point, some ten thouftand feet above the levt-l of 
tJte sea, tbero wtw u tok^rabU^ hnteh where you ooiild 
gH doliciouH hblkB tront and rennirkabiy ^»i>d chttems ; 
but it waa the length of time ronMitrij-ii \\\ i\u' l:i^ing 
^iiifffnrt', and tlie horrible jolting and crt^king of the 
niueliiue it^rlf, that reduced you to a condition approach' 
ing despuir. It was more amusing crostiing tbe moun- 

BKLhA—nOlCltin.\ HKLIA. 



tin ill vrinh-'r tiniPi wliiMi tJii' fiifitfi'tttv wns pk^<l ou a 
sledge. Then came the Fell railway over the mountain, 
fliich ilid iU work very we!l, altlKJiigli you iiKually 
tinrrgt'd from your nnlw;ky (Ofu|)airti)trr)i i\^ t>I:u^lc as. a 
sn-ecp, from ttic smoke oTtlie locomotivtr. 
L I hiid alr(^4idy bcon to Vdiice. in tlie early dayti t>£ 
'-jrf// Wr JVfl/ liofiitl : l>iit tlu' City of'tlie Sea wu* now to 
my wife; und thi? i>!;u:e jcavu li«r itevtrromliDt; i»U^At;iin?. 
It wu* flurJi^i; tliis. my sc/uond visit to the ijue^n of 
;he Adriatic that I witLiestied a Miigulur eneounber 
leiweeti a i^i^h and a rat: a dt«cii[jtfoii of wliic-h I ^av^ 
(o niy IVit'nd, thr Ijite Pnirk liturklund, the iiiitiirali^i- 
rThe battk' of whi4:h 1 >paik came ott iu tlii^ wJjhc* 
t'e were stayiui? at the Hotel Victoria, a well-conducted 
iliAhment. on a oanal branching; from tht? Canalazzo. 
vm a latt* spring afternoon; thr> tide \\\\» out; 
mud lit that time oC th"' day tht? side cimaU of Venic'e 
do not smell very sweetly. I hapj)pnod. however^ to 
be looking from my window, when [ became awan* 
a Ur^ watcr-Tut, nearly act largt.-. 1 t^hould sAy, 
w my old friend, Murwhiil Bliiclior, ut Uptoii Court, 
who— pardon tlu- mi«u«L- of the relative pronoun— was, 
to iiJl appearauee, tfoini; out to tea — I mean thnt 
bo tnui ntitiiiii^ Kuiftly ^toir^ thi^ f*tone l('di>e of tli« 
bs^enient of a |Mla*;ir "ijipiNiU'. und Wiu nhviously on 
pleasure b«nt. On his way he met a crab — a fine spiky 
iellow. who had been wafihed up on to the ledg<*. and 
wiL» thinking of tumbling himself into the water again, 
But it apparently ocourrod to the rnt that undressed 
orab would he a very nice dainty at the tea party to 
which htf waA bound, and he forthwith attacked the 
!ni«t<u.van "Oh Lord! " tlio Vatikf^' War-hu Litter 
i^aid t^o \\i\\v r\daiiiu^lp whitn In* catnc in coTitiiet 
itb the aniniaK " I.fon't you help tlie h'ar, and 
I't you btlp me; but just stand clear, and you'll 
the hJgffCfct bttr li^ht that ever wik*/' IVraons 
^^^^porting proelivities KhioiUI have «et»n that tight 






Wivti^i} tlv^cnband Hir mi. Tli«* ratV policy wtis 
turn th^ cmb avrr od bU bac^k ; but the crost^oeaui 
tinulv ^rippt-d tbe rodrni in hii» cIawm that he won tl 
vietory. and ttimbtcd over with bU citpti\-i} into t 
cuilI. Po»jcib]y his brotbercmU^ bad a bigb old time 
of it thit e«^etiin^ oo murinaded rat. 

I \ksk\e olVu htM^D till' Miiilf tif incredulity rifw 
011 tiiit itp% oi mv fririifl-*« wbrii t Havc rrlAt4*d t)ii» 
tftory; but Frmnk Jlucktaad told me ttiut there was 
iiotliiu^ pbcDommal Id tbe encounter, and tbat it 
waA quite within the mar^n of probability that tho 
crab should win tb<^ ^t^bt. All I know im, that I 
wiw th^ nut und the crab, fa^t loeked in ;ld inimical 
embniee* disappear in tbe waters of tbe Adriatic. 

AVi* did not remain hing in Venice. A furthej d««- 
piitrh >wdi' mr i^it to Virtiiia ; w we crocked U* Trie»t<s 
wbcTV there was a horrible north wind, cailetl the &oro^ 
blowing. '* It is so strong, air/' remarked tho affable 
C3Hhii*r of tbe banker en whom I bad a bettor of credit. 
" tliat you mij^ht p1»e^ your bat and »iii:k on that vrind 
and accept half-a-dozen bilEit on it without uiiyoftha 
objects reaching the ground." We reached Vienna by 
that i*xtraordinary railway over the Semrnt^nng, .ibi* 
" oorkficrew " railway, ae it hdn^ i^een called ; and tbe only 
one in Europe— acoordini? to n facetious engitkeer— oa 
whieh the traveUl^^ cnn set* tbe nape of his own neck, 00 
oontinualZy winding it- tbe line. Then* \h a railway 
clom-ly resembling th<' HtMmnering bi-twivn Sydney and 
the Blue Mountain?^ of New South VVaW. 

It was eorlv in May when we arrived in the KaUer- 
utiLdt, and abj^ltted at that lintt-nite hotel, th<? "Arch* 
duke Chark's, ' iu the K»nLtlnicr Strj-^^K. 1 had a 
letter from the Foreign Offiec to Lord Blomticid, Her 
Hritannie Majesty « AmhassAdor at tbe Court of Viennat 
and vxpirriirnced tli« utiual diplomatic kiiidne^ and 
boocfiitHlity. Vienna was in a trenieiK)oii>i state of 
eiciteiuent: u rupture between AuKtriu juid Itnly being 


(^xpt-eh*! mvvvy djy. The <*xflitemPnt took & religions afi 
well AA a political unpect, Tli^re were pilgrimageJE to 
the siliriiie of Maria Hilf ; und th«.-(lt?votiotia1a;^italiou of 
thi' nuiASLv* eiiliiiiiiutH.'(l ut Hit- Yiixt-i vi Curpus Christi — 
a glittt'niii^ jxi^L'itiit, to witness tlit* pat^^mg of whioU u 
fmiid oWijfinglv procureil for us a wintlow in a liout* 
in tht? Onib^n. I wiw flis Im]n*rm], R<»vjil, ;iTiJ 
Apo»t<iIic Muji-sty, tik' KuisLT Fnuids '!c^rpL, wiilkitig 
in tfap pi-oci'BsioD. with u bevy of ArcliJukcs, ju>t bol\n"e 
the Cardinal Archbishop of Vieiinn. wlio bore tln^ Pyx, 
with the Host, under ;t Mimptuouf^ <^;ulopy, 

Af^iii) did I Whold th«^ Kiiii>er. m tho ^urdeiis uf 
Schonbrunn, whithT w*? had rR?pjur(?d to see the 
Pala^ picture g;d[ery» ^md the mom in wliich the 
tHior young Duke uf It^irlksiuJl, ilie oidy hom of 
Niipok'or tl»^ Or<*a.t., hrruthed his hut- Thp HnipLTtjr 
drov*^ up to the grciit door of the Schloss in a liyht 
victoria, ueuompunied only by ;t sin^k aide-de-camp, 
xDd without any escort. He wan in the whitc-und- 
;;oh! tmiic» ftnd crimson troiiifiors, with plumed 
cocked hat, of itn Au^triiiii FiVld-MsTrKlml : mid that 
uniforEii is, t4j my mind, the hnndaomtht aud tjuitefull^^st 
in the whole world, excepting alwayx thai of uur own 
Hou5t*Lold llri^iidc, Francis Joseph, in Muy, lSf16. 
could not have been more than six -and- thirty ycflrs of 
age ; but not often have I seen a countenance or n com- 
panfctively young nnd good-looking i;entloin!in ko dfr*»ply 
mjirkvd bv an L£prL>«iun of MiihH-sx and an\ii-ty iij^ 
wertf (hf lineaniL'nts of the Emperor of Austrttt tluit 
day at >5choiibrnniL 

All the wall.-* and all thi- caft^s u\' Virnnn wt-re 
plihcardcd with appeult* to the patriotietm ot the .Huhjccta 
of KaWr Fmna Josef. *' Dus Vntefhtntf Huff,^* wa* the 
heading of the^e p^)riterfi; but I h)Kl tjot my travellini^ 
iuiitructionii by tidei^niph, and made as much ha^te 
U> get i.iut of ihi' Kaist-rsladt ii^ *'Vr-r I jK'stiib!^' euitld- 
We came down ujpiin by thi* Htninienng U\ Tnrste, 



and totilr the Aii:ttrian IJnyH ^4>anior lafw at night for 
Vcnior, r«ichiiig the Lido at daj'faieak. 

Vf-ry nutDy are the aspects under which I have 
beh(*Id the beautiful city. You know there Arc at 
leaact half^A-dozt^u tkotahle paitit^^rs, each oi whom bad bis 
owu particuhir Wnico — I menu his own peculiar way 
of treating the citj% clirnimiticully. CanaWt^jV is &ii 
eighteeiikh-ceutury, itiatt«r*of-fdct, aurpHsinglv lai^liful, 
but somcvrhat prosaic, Veoici'. Ho \i ihat of liis aimoHt 
compeer, Quurdi. Amoii^ Englit^h painters. Holland 
made UH familiar with a Venice eolwriv rich in colour. 
Cookt* the Itoyal Academician's Venice waw full of 
alnjoxpluTf, hut rather frigid. Ohirk^Hm Staiifield's 
Vriiior WAS liivi-Jiy and chi'irful ; htit Tiinier*s was, 
and always will b«, the Vcuice after ray own ht^irt, 
although be expounded on canvas a ^^chemt' of cuh>ur 
applied to Venetian eceneB m pf^nueiufHC'i : \rhereati 
the Tuniercsqu© Veoice only fa^cinat^.*!^ your t^nse at 
certain periods^ ui*ually in April and May. It w'as into 
the Canalaizo of Turner's Venice that the Aui^trian 
Jiloyd >ti-amed on a gulden May rnDming. llie city 
prr*t'iited, afi Wf' iicared it, a rainUiw jippvitraiicp. The 
bucal Palace, the PiaRca Sau Marco, the Molo, Uie 
Zccca. the Ba^'tilica^ail so many '* harmonies" in 
pick, uud blue, and gold, and whites f^^nned to 
dance in the waters. When you landml you were 
welcomed a^ Uiiual by the pigeons that haunt tti« 
do(u*>^ a-iid huttrevieh of tt»e cathedral ; on the hro^id 
hiiHiiiii iif Ui«* Urand (Janfil, tlie ^abll• guridola.s llitte^l 
hitbtT <ind thitlicr, ur emerged from the miu(>r canals, 
the gondoliers uttering tbcir customary — and, to the 
atrangerV car- -lucoinprehensible cry. 

That evening, on St. Mark's Place, there wh# tlie 
oiutomary popular gathering to hear the Austrian 
military band play; and the odicerti. iu their white 
tuuicb, >uiuut^'r<J lip and duwn, i^gling the grisettes and 
such foreign I allies of conielj' mien who werr pmmit; 

Ttfsu.A^nonrniu ifNrj^A. 


but i\w upper clast;e£ k^^pt sulkily a1oi>F from tlie Prnzj^a ; 
the Venetian ladies rarely Jeft their pakc(>s, and when 
ihej did vt»nture ahmiid weiv iiiviiriiibly Iiabited in 
mourning; iind tla' j^ivut Op^rni Floase, L;t Frnicc, had 
been doflcd for y*-ar»: ntitwithstaoding thi? otter of a 
liberal 9ub\'eittion 011 the part of the Au^trmn Oovern- 
ineot. Pflrtrician Venice, educiittsl V<M»iut\ cultured 
Venice, would Imvo nought to do with the loathed 

The next day war was declared between Austria 
Jind Italy; but thrft? days* graci? wa^ allont'd l.o al! 
foreignt^^ri* wh<> A'i^h^nl to leaw IIk^ IJoniinio Veuelo. 
Mr people in Fliet Street hod teleg-raphed me : 
"Garibaldi in the' Tyrol in force: join him. Letter** 
to him waiting Milan.' Not nn instant was to bi> lost, 
r conjectured that the cK[R'dition would Iw a somewhat 
bnzardous one; no I could not take my wife with lu**. 
The manager of the " Albergo Vittoria/' Mr. Hobeil: 
KtzensbT-rger, a highly intelligent (Jerman-Swisa, 
prom]>tly undertook to »L*tr aft-i^r my wife, itud provide 
lici'. if m^edful, with tiind^. should her suppHcn run 
<wit; for on th? morrow Veniee was to he placed in 
a (tate of siege. Then I betkmk myself to the British 
Oonsul-Generah Mr IVrry, the hrotlu-r of a welk 
kuQWii Indian Juilgt^, Sir KrHkitK- Perry, and i\ 
t^jMniaou, I believe, of the celt^brated journidist Perry, 
^ the MoTffifitf Vftroiiirit: The tJonhuiirtfueral told me 
that my wife should have every aAsistaucc in C4Lse of 
need, and that uHhougli »iie would Ik^ Ihi* only Kngli>h 
ludy lel^ in tli<? bei^ieged city, there wua no I'euson to 
think that any disturbani:ea would take place, the 
vVuatrian garri^un being fonnidably strong- 
It WAM ;« well, however, Mr. Perry added, to he 
cmrefnl; and the need for caution hod also struck the 
Ottoman Consul, who hud incited bis Government to 
send up a Turki&h corvette to the Lido, for the 
protection of the good old tnonkn of the island 



coavent at San Lazxaro. who are Turkish sutijecto. 
How often hftre I been rowccl uut to the island to 
c^Dverse with the i^xcollont friars ! — who are still as 
proud as vver of tint visit psiid to them by Hyroii. and 
wlio rrwdc u modest revenue hy Hfllin^ iitriingen« a 
curious product of their juinting press, tlie pmyeis of 
St- Nari»es hi tbirty-*cvr^ii liinyua^. 

It W}v» uot with the lightest of hearts that I l«Ft 
my only treasure in the world in u forci^ city, and 
took the train which, on a long causeway, cK'W'ies th« 
Idgoon to Metitre, wh^nco I ba^tt-ued to Padua. That 
city the Aii^^trtjinx wcrt^ lioldiu^, ami th«y wei^e ahw in 
7«tr*>ng force nt Verona : hut tlipy hjid rviiciiulM VWnm, 
which city had at once Iw^en imhinHlirrata. or hung with 
banners bearing th« national Italian coloare, by tho 
exulting iikhabitiiutft Prer^ently I reached Verona; 
Auil, after con&idonible truubit;, obtained from the 
military authorities a permit to croas the frontier at 
Peschiera. The railway had been monopoli^etl for 
niilihiry purjtuKfs; wi ilu»t v\a- wi*nt fain U> iimlct* the 
Journvy U) tin.* ishores of the IjZlIec of Uania by fJifij^rrtee. 
At Milan 1 found letten< to rreneral Uaribahli. to 
several nierobera of his ataif. and to Mn^. Cbumberh 
who, like her hutibiind. Colonel Chambers, was a warm 
and gpniTou* friend o£ the Hero in th?* tied Shirt 
AIho. iu* city of th(5 Duomo, dtil 1 liiul 'wvcral irf 
my brother H|x>rial correspootlentrt, amonyf whoni I may 
mr^ntion Mr. Uefirge Henty» then, as now, a iiiomber 
of the atall of the Shndtird \\t:yfv\\jx\^v . Mr, Uullock, 
who represented tht /^i/y /^ercv; iuid >ir Henry 
Hyndman. who had come out in the inU*rt»Ut t>f tlm 

Ill l^GO, Mr Hymliiiau was about a^ promisiug a 
voung (j^ntleman six 1 h:«vr cv(<r inrt with : an Oxoinaii> 
a noted rricketer. nomewliat given to sporting* full of 
life and gaiety, a ripe scholar, and full of Nmfruine hope 
to be :ihle, iit no iliAtcint period, to fonuulate \\ Univcr^nl 



leoiMjm i uQtl, finally, a staimoh Tory, I very mrely 
PH.-C- Itinj now. T am told th^t he ifl the same Mr. 
Henry IlyndDiau wim lia« iwliii'vwl eons^idoralilo 
notoriety ua h Sucial l>eininTftt, anrl niixri* 1iitiist*IF up 
mtli peo|>lo whom persons of culture would. I should 
tty, W Ek?> u rule somevrhait cliary of associating with. 
But stay; Mr. Williaui MurriH. ilecomtor, poet, and 
trantilator of tho Ddysscy, is likewise, [ am told, it 
Socbiltst ; and I nuist iiol tJilk politir:^ T have 
lojig ciHiKcd to have uny of my own. But whether 
my old IViend llfury M. Ilyiiduiau bi* a L'oiiHer* 
vative or a Kadicaf, a Ltrgitimist. an liiiperialist, 
or a Kona]jarti«i> a Know-notliing. a Coppir-hctid, n 
Protectionist, ii Pri-ctrivder, it Young Czech or an Old 
Czech, A Clerical or a Liberal, a ChauviniBt or an Anti- 
Semite, I am convincL'd that he can n<'ver he anything 
else than thi^ sturdy and ntrai^hlfurward Kiti^lish 
gODtli'inan tli4l \\v \\n.s in ISGtV 

Milan was in a rerment; ttic newflpapera teemed 
with patriotiu leadin];^ articles ; the muaic-sellen* were 
selUiii^ tliousand^ of copies of \\ i>pecially <:ompot»cd 
ukitrtial hymn ciiU<^i) tin* " frrufa di Gn/rra ; " und 
'*■ Garibaldi * Hymn." nud iinotber stirring melody, " Vu 
Fcofi d'lialia^ iSirantrrtj*' were ground on mi-ry strt-et 
Affgail. A grand perforimnic*' wjih ^!v4<ii :d La 8c-al% 
in (lid of ;i fund for thi^ bendit ot the Italian wouudL^, 
Tbc liL»t time that 1 bad been in that auprrb Opera 
^U«e wws ill 18o4>. just before the war btitwec^n France, 
Italy, and Auntria, which U*nninat<'d in the evacuatioa 
of the whole* of Lomb^rdy by the last-uiini^d Power, 
Thi< MilaiieitL' could not brinjf thi-ntNLdves to dispense 
with Ijit Sralit, itf^ tb«* Veiiett!iri> had dUpetint-d witli 
the Feiiicei but they partially coiiA^jled t]jf*m-%elv<'s fur 
tiieir ftuhjugution hy the l/'dfucit by hiE^sing und cut- 
caIHui; al! the ^in^^iTM and all tho danccrj^ who wptc* 
«pplaude<l by th«? AuFitriaii olltcor»; in thei^taJts; while 
at the close of the perFonuunce thei-e was usually a 



shout from the pit of " /u'rt fcnfi ! " which was a corort 
way of ucclaimiDj^ " Vittorio Einanun'le lie d'ltalia," 
th« fir*t ■• V " *lmKiirig for - Viva/' and " V. E. R, D. I " 
for the rem^Einitf; l^tt^r^. 

At the ouWt of this Autobic^aphy I iDentiooed 
that theiv were three cli*itinct hrauches of my fsiiiiily in 
Ilnly. hikI that 1 was an ob»rure nctou of tW Itonuio 
branch. 1 udi somewhat ^lad to hnve set forth thin 
fact ; since I found in MiIeid do k^ than three 
Salas, none of whom were memberii of the Brahmiuieal 
clMi^es. 'J'here was a Sala who W3» a baker; wi.ito 
another fullovit^d the UH^^ful but ijlehfiun calling of a 
tiusniith ; the thircl, I think, was a CBrriA<^e' builder, 
and was rich; which slightly increanpd my rt-sjit'ct For 
him; and 1 ahouh] have liked tu clatin him il« a l>rother 
Koman. \Vh*:u I got down to Cumw. on my way 
to join Giiribaidi in tho Tytxil, I found yet another 
Sala, a lady, whose C!intfti»n name was Caterina, and 
who gold aautia^es and tripe. I do ho]>e that the 
wurthy laily ilid itut belong in thi* Uoiiian brfUicli. 



WITH r.AKIflAlHTil t\ rVlY. H Hill., 

A ^It-lljinwiHionKl Ani»y~An ItitcTvitw uritU r<JH^1otili— HU Camnp— WTiftt 
Hv<HdwithlllAL'mfonn^ Jli« Lid)' J>ovqIw»-UU Iiig«iiiioiiDHW-'l>U)*l 

Bdwttnl THnty^ljinl Pftimlct [inntr — (InrtiriME nl StulTmif Ifiuiv,— Cmn< 

r itiL'NU GiiriliiiMi in a iniiiprable town snini-^vliRirj? 
in thfi Northern l^ rol ; Ins army of reJ-sliiits liarl 
euten and dnmk u|) ever^Lbin^ that was cvliblc or 
jx/tablL'; ftnd the sulitttrj' ci^c of tlic pliicc bori* ibii 
atDounccment over tlie door that it vuh closed 'V'' 
Ntanmtizti rli ttfUo *' — for want of everythiog. I 
HUppOHt* lli:it tlii've was nt^vtr an uiiny in tin- field, 
OKCept, [XltIihjin, ill Koni<' Hnutli AtTii-vicJiti Hi-i>iib]it-, mu 
ftfjrrily supplied a« was Gariljaldi's host ot ramicic 
ru^itr. There wus somt? kind of commissariat; but the 
provuhd wm irn^^ulnr and insutficLont, for tlie I'eaAon 
that llKf eonuniKsavi***! wi^re utiabh^ to procure the pro* 
viBionK tluy wanU'd. Tbt' r«d-»;hiit)!i wei-o travo 
eiiouL'h, and wtTt* leavenKl in soniL* extent by veterauii 
wbii liiwl formed mrt of the Thousand of MarsaU, who, 
under their bi^roic leader, captured the Two Sicilie.4; 
but the iiutM of the Gunbahbni wore niw youths, 
[patriotic ctcrki^, and ^^hop nsftlfLtant^, who scareoly knew 
their drill. They did not plunder; and be^^idcs, fw 
you may snrmisie, immediiitely war wan declared all the 
availabfo live ittoek seemed inHinetively to hide them* 
selre?* in itmote holfw and <*onirn(, ondiscovcmble by 
marauding jmrties. 

Such looting aa did take place was probably mort* 
lUMDg the officers than the rank and tile; mnce I 
rMnoiubor a Mari^uiXj cominaiidiug a body of mouuted 



(JarihaMiniH Mcnilinj: me ii noto in wbtch. with hi» 
coinpiinioiit^, lu^ i^t^ited that lie liad got some fri<^n(U to 
(liriiK-r. A K:i1<t<l wtut Ut hr mcliult*t\ m the n*{iAst, and 
could I leiiJ liirit Jill •-•gg'^ Hr' »iM*'d, in ;i postscript, 
tlmt lie liojjed soani to be able to rtxiprocat^ my 
courtesy ; &m, tliia l>t-iD^ Tui-£^aj% Im hud i*verv iYiku»ii 
fc<j i>cIii'Vf tlmt hiri wcrvaiit wihjM he able U> slciil u 
uhickeri by ^undiiy, «t thi.^ liU^^t. Thu idoii of the 
Caithful orderly layin^c Htcgf, and opening tlie trench^, 
nud ^ioTmm^ the citadel in which the fowl vra» 
mixcoiK^d WiL* inn-thful. 

I had ii long intvrrriew with Uiiribuldi ai\ i\w uftt-r- 
ULfOEi of Jiiy arrival wt htttdi-iajrUrf- Hi- received mr 
in the fniMidliost marnor ; aud told mc thaU there wa.s 
not the Alig:ht£^t n^ed for me to have brought n letter 
ol hitnxhtctiuii tn him, :u h»^ wiu w^II awaro thnf the 
in.'wsija|jer whirh I re[»m*<:»iiU'd hfwl alwrtv* Won a firm 
frienii uf Italy. Jle udded that he womd do ivhat hti 
could fta my L^olItyigueA and myself, hut that he was 
rury budly ulT lor stoJVT* and for niuiiitiotkA of war, in 
fuctt hti said with Ur »iiiile. ho wtk» almost in the s^amc 
position n» tho propnet<?r of tho c»ffi\ who hud heoti fain 
to close his etitablihbiueut in coiibeqiKnce of " laa^canza 
di /ff//o." 1 could not lielp reading between the line* 
ii% \\v vpokc, Kiid faiirying Mial. hi* waH xouicwbat xoiT 
at ^vhnt he cmisidertid to bt either thi' indiffert'nce 
or tlie dUtnio?tity of tbu Italian miHtary authoritie* to 
the irregular force which lie commanded. 

Thorc arL> iniiumcrabU portraits, bu^t^ and ^tiitu- 
C'tti-«( extatiC of Uiu«eppe (ianb^lcH ; und it would be 
wholly usele**j not to say in i pertinent, to give a 
detailed description of this heroic man. Still, it 
must l)e remembered that he haa been dead tw«-lv« 
year--* ; th;tt the public memory i^ HeetJiig i and 
that the young British adolij^ciont, in^^h from i»chool 
or college, was a i>ninll boy whcu Garibiildi died. IIo 
was verging on sixty year* of age when I first beheld 

wiTft OAhtnAiDi IS raK tyros. 


ill ithori hi^nn\ uni mouf-Uic\w: . Imir ^till aiiknrn, 
Itliou^h l>e^iiknin^ to be tltrcked with ^rey ; mid u 
ro«di^r[ully lucid Uluo eye. He was clad in the 
famicia r&i*»rf, or rod woolli-n nlurt, whioh ic^ 80 
^nlku^ely u^ociatvd with liimM'lt mid tlu' l>rHVo fclluw>i 
^Hu> l«d ; and ill cauiiectiuti ^ith iWvs lii^tunc ^itriiitnit, 
^Bt may tie nimitumed tlmt titix red ^turt was Kiiii|ily 
^^W_4uriicK' of Jittirt! worn at thut periuil iu tlir Anicrjciiit 

■ Garibddi Imd followed a ^jrcat muny calliiigH 

^^kile he w&d in the UiuU'd ^t^to^. Among other 

^||hin^, h^ wu» foreman to. if not iq partnership with, 

' til ItJiHliri nKLiiulii^rtlin'r itf sn^ip iiiid {riuidli*K ut ^tiLlmi 

^_UUti<l, New Vnrk ; jind <.'\vt\\ in Uir fillii-i^ hr wiw Ji 

^^^ip|)er of n Vfwael trading between Philadelphia and 

^■KmoA. It is a mattcfr of bistorv tliat the autlioiitii'i^ 

^mtS the hL?it-nainKl neapoii forbade him to cast anchor 

^■b the harbour, luid ^i^tit him awuy paokiii^- A rfoldicr, 

a eailor, and a patriot, one quality wa« f^ertainly lack- 

' ig to Giuseppt^ Garibaldi — there was nothing of iht; 

iWinan^ in the Miicchiavc-llian or Talli-ynnid Nt'tiKc^, 

klioiil him, Mr euiild ekH toll lir^ ; Iil' knew not huw to 

'gotiiito, to cot:, to hncsBc, or to cajole. Ills oxvn convic* 

»Dd wer« unflwervingly Kepubltcan; but, recogniMn^ 

(1it< fact tlmt rtaly wat^ in the nmiri monar{;liicai. and 

^^liul the <vuntry ytMnn-d to Ik? united tmdcr the 

^■loi)Htit4itional Kway of a Prince of the lloaue of Sitvoy, 

he vheerfully ylihled to the ^»?nentl wish »f his t-icnn- 

^(.rjin*?ii. AlVr IiIh ina^ir^lly nwift, i^unqiiest of Naplea 

^^bid Sicily, tif quietly handed them over to Vict->r 

^^mmaiiuel II., whom ht' knew to be as oonra^ons and 

as tnitliful a^ her wn^ \ iind on hin way to attack thu 

fortress of (iaeta, the last »tn>n^hold of the Neapulituii 

Jloiirbons, he liailed tin? Kintf of Sardinia a^ Kio^ of 

luty. I'i'*iti<":fl!y. it tviis hy Oiust^ppe Gimhaldi that 

the " ite ffuiaafuftm^t " was crowned. 




TL in utiiMhiii^ U\ r'ciiiriii1>rr an HTt(-c-i1i>ti> U>\A iiu* 1iv 
one ol' Uariljali)i'> m i^ivUrit-M. M. riaiitiilli, toucliilig 
Garibaldi's anifbvm as a Uenera! in the regular IIaIiui 
flriny- Tlu? uDifonii itself u* a verjp' liand-^jiic one, 
inckidin^ iui'gc gold Lpjiulvtto« of looj^o bullion <^tmtid^ 
Thife imposing costiiDifr (vgother with a plumed cntekcd 
Iiat, GeiK^ral LJaribaldi wore ou only two oc^cn^ion^H 
ITe doDi^ed It wlii-'n he tx^ird^ ;i HiitiHli iii;u]*iif-war 
to U?iid»-r thtiiiks U> llu* AdminiK whii Imd prolvcbeil 
the kiulinf^ of the Thousand at Marsnlii. lie ivore the 
UDitonu Oi^'aia at hi# iotervicw witli Victor Bmmaiiuet, 
atV*!* the eotiijuest of the Two Sicilies; but wheu he 
rctiirmfl ti' hin island hutiit' at CapNjra, it is a (romical 
Tact tliHt he piv>i(>ntod \\U G^-u^rnl'i^ uuich^^^old-Uced 
hamefiM to liia cowherd, who ^^avi>ly drove cattle about 
tlie fields of f 'aprera in thi* |frtrge*JUH laartial }iaitoplj, 
Hx|'iiHUir ill wind jind niiit and a ^con^liiug KUiiiiiiifr 
ftuii verj' Moon rodiicc-d tht* stiitidy ^arl> to a Ijimcnfcable 
stiitc ef tami&hod i4ecdinc£s ; and the cowherd, who 
preferred freedom of action to beiug tiglitly buttoned 
up, always wore the eoat opetif so a» to display a eoAMc 
C<knvttH ithirti with n it^d wnulleii MUih rotind the wutst. 
It WJLs the dcliglit of Onribsildi and \\vs friends when 
they met thih cowherd, gravely U\ salute him in nuihlary 
fashion, am! accbiim him as ''/vuo tir/teraU^" 

Meiictti (jnrilaldi, the iit'iLC:ral tf v\dn*!^i ^d, wt» not 
with us at tho oubrct of the canipui^i ; but his younger 
son. Bicciotti, was serving' a^ a private in one of Uie 
regiments of red-shirts. Two English ladii^& »*erc ttl»a 
in onr «H)cnjiany, and evenlnally did Tnni^h Sjininntan 
serviix? to the IJartUddini. tirsi, there was Mrs. 
Chambers, who had come out with her husband, Colouel 
Chambers, to lock iil'tor Garibaldi'^ personal comforb 
find i^^o. that he was w^ll provided with pc^ckct- 
money. It was the itin^lar lot of ihiq sini-ular titan 
to he* platoiiietdly hived and eheriKhed by a nobl« 
gathtrriug oj' EnglJiih ladlcN, who tjeemed to regard 

mrff GAEttfAiDt ;,v rue TYnoL 4^ 

biiu mi u Figlitingf Brotlier who iiimit hi^ takuu cure of. 
HU life w^^ ^ pare a^ the oau*o for which ho fought, 
aitd tlic voicr oC ciihiinuy wiw iivvi»r fur un lostjiiit mised 
Against Uk' Jtvotefl £iiglibhwo[a«ii whu tended him 
vrith love ami devoiion. Am»th<^r of hU liuly-iwlhrrHiiis 
WiW Madame Jetwiw M^rritoii White Munu, whom I 
rehictiiWrod na Imv iii^ \k*^u^ in hor imiilurriL-d day«, a 
HiXluluii!^ F{tiid(Tiit Ilk tht' roiuliii^-i'ocjii nf the BHtUh 
Mti^'uuK and who in L8iiO hswl hecoiuu tht? wife of au 
Iddiaa geiitJt^mau ;iikd friend of Ciaribuldi, 

I havt- %iuA ihjti lie w;i» un Htjih-siiiuii ', hi' wtL« tO(l 
hhutt attd tou ^iia^jlr-uiiiidiil tn pmctiKC nuy of thtv 
dcvict-a of filatecnift. Although the co-opcratioa of 
Xapol^ou III. bad enabled the Italiua^ to wre^t Lom- 
burdy frfjiii the AuKtrian?<, ho never liir^avo him for not 
r«di^iiuu^ hi!< proiuiMc to t'liLiuiciputc Jtiily froEn tlur 
Alps io th(T Adriatic. Hi* alwiiys ulludud tu the 
Eiii[}eror -J^ " rf ifrjtiJtiftf/ ;'* and disdjiitkluliy Njiokt* uf 
thf^ ix^Hioii t*j hVam:r of Nire and tijivoy us a '* mrf 
citH0Mi&" — a viiL\ illi^jit, uud coutiuband transactiun.. 

Our brief CLiiiipai^i was not a vltv ^^Igrions oot'. 
\Vc weiv bitdly oil lor u field-train, ani it wa^ difficult 
to procure miUeri to drag the few moun turn -ho withers 
that had been dohul uut to tiuriUtldi by the* Ualiuti 
Goveryinijtii. FjXpi.*rL uuiik^i^nH-]) did nut jhitniid iti 
the rankfi of tbe (Janbaldiiu; wha'e4k« the Austriana 
bad a plentiful supply of Tyroleae ahurpshooti-TS, who 
could be seen through our field-classes t^ystematically 
"potting" the red-shirt-i ut loDg r^mt^'^ while the 
vt^r^'eauU 8tood btrhiud to Kcore the rvsuLts of each 

As to the Hjieeiid con^eHpotideniSp their means of 
]oci}nHitLiiii wert.* variiMi!^. and tbe reverse uf comfortable- 
Soiiietimcs we man^k^-d t^i hire a li^ht carriagt^ for u 
few dayi ; sonietimed we got about oil luult- or doukcy- 
buck : and soinetiiiie^ we were forced to walk. -Dr. 
Maginn otice ubhi^rvt-d thnt for duelling ])urpoti?«. any 



one mi^lit be consuUTnl n gf^titloiituu ^vlio woi'e a deuD 
xhiK imCK* a wj?fk. I aiii afnui] tlmt dtiriiig tilt 
Oiirilnilili'in riimpaigu I t-ofcirely lost the quahScatton 
of a gi^ntlcinan m respect to duelling. One of my 
coHcajfucs had been fcrttiriflte eufjwgh to parcfaiisc a 
rickoty tittle shaiidrydun, dniwn by two mij-oruble screws, 
onu r>f which he christened Homer becnu^ the brute 
wiu^ blind, aud the ulhei' Oeiieml La Mmiuoni because 
be nijiiiirL'Nlf.-d :t rdirnuic^ di.suiclinittion to ndv:itii?i.v At 
night-time these lamL-iitabk- HosJuantes wire tethctpd to 
flome convenient underwood ; nnd then, my cottea^ue, 
having ciirofullv urrangcd the bnrnesH under the oirmgc, 
[itiicod ovrr it a waterproof-Hheet jud frle|)t tlw t*k*i^p of 
the just. At K'list^ he knew that thv harne*> would not 
be stolen -. and hk Tin' ttie puiiii-s, iUvy vtvrv »;cttrcd)y worth 
iite;Lliiig. Tile wtitiliur — it was now June — was deliijht- 
ftil — nut too hot during the day, aud not ton <roiJ '^i 
Tiight, and iifl i«o,st of the joumalijits wtrre young and 
strong, it was mther diverting tlian othurwise to ha%'c to 
ixiugh it, There wa« Httle to eat beyond some dread- 
fully dista&tefiil aiid baixl mvat, which purported to bo 
xalt beef, bnt which I am th»' miher inclined to believe 
w-,ts salt boFNc, together with kutik' moiildv biscuit; 
but one oE us hud laid in a good store of chonolate 
in tablets at Milan ; and chocolate, when ^avoiu'y 
proviaionti run short, is a capital stay or hold-taat. 

(.Tanbaldi wat the mo&t abitten>ioui4 of mankiiid ; 
^itill he could, on uet-asion, be fi-ntive; and by the camp 
lire at night I hiLvc seen him smoke his Cavour dg^ 
and heard bim mug his song. Of hi^^ iitb^r nnworid- 
linespi. bi^ singh^nefifl of tuind, and his i-hildlike belief 
that a laj^'o proportion of maukiud w*;re as virtuous ua 
Ik- w»5i I remember, a Ktrikini^ illustration in a remark 
which he mitde when s*'nieone in a mixed company at 
the bivouac was dwelling on the necessity of reforming 
tbe'ltftlinn Criminal Code. *' I would reform the Code, 
obwn-ed (liiribaldi, "and the Codew of all other nations 

Wirn HAHthALiH l.\ TItK TYlii}!. 





inl-j the barc^LiUn with this vcato/a of ro!/aftf/fi ; '' 
and as he spoke he held up a box of luciCer matohes. 
Musi niarlci'J. indiwd. was the diffetvutif a»* ;l politicmn 
listween Gm^cppi? Oarihaldi and another i.if Ida con- 
t«m|M>ranp?4, a> patriotic, as devuterl. and as upright 
ik-"* lir<, 1 m^hki i>a[iieL Manin. bhe chief of tht- short- 
livwi K<.-puldic of Wiiiee, in 184S. 

Whvu the Austrians ro^iinud tliuir Bway <jver tliu 
Dominic Veneto. the President o£ the Ifepublic of Saiut 
Mark took n^ftii^^? in Ihwis. He had been bred an 
aulvfvatr ; hut l.hen.- w.ik iin ciupltt^iiKMit aviLilahlr for 
him nt the IWi«iaii Itar He won very jioor; and a« ^i 
means of sjhsistcui-o lir i>htaiiied an engagement ti* 

five leAsoiin in Italian t[> ihv dau^Iitersot the ct'lebraU'd 
ri'ni'h dniniutist I'onsaixl- Or, ptrhaps it\^af* Legouvv. 
AWk ufUT v.i.^t.'k did h*' toil aiifl moil in att<inipts to 
drum the conjii^ttioiis of the Itahan irreyiiliir verb* 
into tho heiids of tlie young ladien; but one afteruuon, 
loninLT »ll lit-iirt, h<- tgnitdly ii-niHrked: "\ ;iTti ^noil 
UtT nothing but io hv a rnirr ov^r uku ," uud ^o niadu 
ht?4 pui>ik » low buvr, put on Ui« hat, and departed* 
Qariboidi was a l>oni soldier* or rather a born chiet 
of [xirti^n^ , he waK unother Hofer^ another St^hill, 
another Tell — if there really wii» evei- snch a pernona^e 
AS William Tel! — but hty wa* not » Jireetor of policy 
or a franier of laws. 

Wc had A hit nf a battle with the Auntriau^ at a 
place m\M Moutesucio; and in connection with tliin 
engage unr u t . wldt-h was not wholly iidvautai^oiis iu 
tht^ red*»;hirtSj u ludicrous story is told of one of the 
ffpecial co^vspondellt^. I suppose that in every camp, 
from that oFtlic 'IVnth Legion uf uld down t*) tho^e of 
tin- vinieM of niotlern liiurs, theix- are iilwajs cnrivat a 
large number of raoie or less apocryphal stories which, 
in cimpaigning parlance, are known a^ "* shaves/' I 
knoir not how much truth, if any at oIIh there mKy 
he in tlio Btory which I am about t*i t<?ll, for I did net 


wttut-Mi tlif JDcideDt to nliieb it refetH tayveU ; ^till, wi 
"iliii*t»" weut, it \xiA\ Ijt- con^iilerwl a^ a xuAicit*nt]^' 
IttiiuiiTiiUH iiDr. At thr ttiui^ wljrti \\\r Uutk^ w^i?l 4t it> 
kc^ht one of the iiariUildini b«ittalioD&« dcvinuit^d bjr 
tbc Ikrcc 6ni of the Austriu) iDfaiitry. wa^ wavering, 
and mx'ined id imminent jieril of U-in^ Lojicli-H^ty broken* 
Tlie lipecial convspuudoiit uE whom I ciK-uk mtJ!^ a tall, 
lliiri, ^txx1-lo^4Li»^ c^Dtlt-iuuu, wtiv IiabiluuUy i]rei>sed ui a 
li^lit l>n>vrn-lLijILuiil tiuit, and enluLDced tlio pictii[vs4ja&- 
neba of bifi white pith lii^liiiet by attai^bmg tbervlu 
a wliilv luuftliu jMigrre, His \m\y wcapuu wao an 
al|>t-ii9U7ck> and hi» uaiial mcuiiif of locomoiioa vrciv 
the open «lianilndan with the tvro bandy-te^^d poDics, 
of wbicb 1 have aln^ady epuken. Suddouly — I telJ 
the tale an it u'as t4>ld to nk4;-^tbon* upjieaiv^ in front 
of tht* lialf*ruuwd ljatt;;Hon of Tvil-«hirU Uiis notuUt- 
jounialiatr uiountt.'d uu a white.' bor>ie. lie had a li^ht 
pab-t<U over hiM brown bulland ^ and waving oIh 
al|>cn^t1^'k wide in air and tiit pugnx* ^treaiiuiij^ 
from hiH hcdmct kebind, hv «huut^*d iu a fU^utorian 
voic9, "Mitt/tit rut^<iz:u Jvaiffi!" Aud tbc ttoiy 
Hont on to say tbat bis appeunince su ^tiuiuUited the 
niartiji! eoe^y uf the wavtrii^g red-iJiirt^ tUat they 
re.foniH-L] their bntakiu^ linn, charet^l the oiiriny, and 
rt-pulm-d thviu witli jst^nou^ loss. Whether tbcy took 
thu* rider of tlie white hursc for "(jaribaldi's Knglish- 
niau/' or for one of tbe Seven Champions of Christendom. 
or for uiK- of tb(' Great Twin Drethren wbo fought in 
the battiv or i^v ICi^illuv, 1 caunut tuU. 

An auvk'nt Konian writer, howtuwr, luus ohservvd 
that there \s no fulsehood >u lla^nuit but tbat it Iiaa 
an element of tmtb in it. For tbe accuracy of one 
|>ortiou of tbe "vliave" touching tbe corrr»pond«:nt 
on tb(^ whito borM; I can vouch. 1 bud the pW^isurc of 
lueetint; him wben thi- ti^ht wa« over ; and immediately 
perceived that the overcoat he wore, a drab Auoimer 
paletot, w:ui uiinr* own ; and f reineniberod that I hud h'ft ■ 




the j^annvrit »t lV«chit»ra jubt lK»fut\^ thu Aiutnnus lia<I 
initt»r<^l tliut taivn in forcff. My fn^^ntl wtid tlmt In? 
Imcl nniK^xed tli** caat, a^i lawful Inrnty nf war, liaviiig 
found it «i« tliP Uiily of rt slain AiistTiaTi tjffio^r; hut. 
thai AS lie kn^'vr tiic coat was my propt'rty, he now 
laoffhinfrly roiiWcd it to inc. But mark tlu* cftprici> 
of Pate! In those days I always wrote with the darfc 

lue ink whkli Dickon* invarinhly iififi<i, ami whirh moRt 
of hi« y<**^ii^ iiH^n \\\^ct niniU- ei>;<» of (.>nl "[ liking for 
tht'ir OliTcf I had bronplit \a> It^ily n tin IhiwL with 
a screw-top, and hoWing alwnt a pint anrl [ had I(»ft thift 
(Wk. ahont*e-|)art* full, at I'cMohieia. In the oth^i' 
pockftt I ha-l Ici't a meitioiiinciurn book. When [ oaii^* 
to exaunnc tlio pockets of my coat, I found my ti" flask, 
ware OTii.mtfh ; h»it tho ink had lx*en poured away; thi? 
bottle had been wa'^hed out, and it wa.4 half full o{ rum ; 

y not^Uiok hjul ili*(a{jpi-ared, hut in its stPiid was a 
pftrk of pt;i\ing Winls. Tlir mvst«*ry of thr wliil^ horttft 
i was never ubie to clear up. Wns the AuAtrian ollker 

ho ejime lo yrief a mounted one; and did my fii^'ud 
IllmAJin'^x hif< horse as lawful hiK^y nf wnrr' 
- ' About tbi»i lihic nunc tfi the front imothcr Kui^li^h 

ar floirespondont, my ;iood friend E<Iward Picey, now 
a V'ompnninu of \\\v Hathn A Ciunhiid-^t' infui, he 
bad ttuieth'*! eKlcnsivt'ly hi Ihily, and kiir^w tiaribaldi 
Tery well He had lonjf been a colkague of mine 
OH II leajhT-wrilrr on the IMffff 'Mtyrnpk ; and I 
i^uppo^o thnt he was one of tlmt band of " youn|c 
lionn " at whom tho late Mr. Matthew Arnold delighted 
hav^ hi« tliiijf. 
Thi^n' w;iK yet another vivitor ti* <liiril»a3di*« ramp 

ho hiti< hom>iirp<l me fntin that day to thiTi with con* 

Ant and thoughtful frlcrhUhtp, This was Lord Iton&ld 
tioiver. a voniiifcr bn^thi^r of the lute iJtike of Siither- 
land, whu*o mot-her, the fjood and 1m niififnl Dnehes^ of 
Sutherland, wa^^. a« T hav«> i^aid inori- thnn <^nrr in i\\p 
V4irli«*r piirt of thiK hook, one of my mother'f; moKt tit^^ud* 


4&4 UFB -4v/> AF^rasrunss. 

»4jn, wot^ Jill e]iUiusiiiriti« iu]ti»ir«>r of (taribtildj, and wa>; 
his host at StdfTord Houm.' oii tlid occasion of tlu? visit 
of tliE- Libt-ratop of ih*? Two Sicilies to London — A 
visit Ku ii}ii|fiiificiMit.l) lii*]4ini in Lite ]Ki|)Lil;ir i*]itJnifiiaiaii 
wliieli it 0Kcit<^, t>ut wliicii vms l>roiit;lit to a ^^ucMra 
and mysterious t^^rmiiiHtion. hoM Itonalil tioa-cr 
shared hh brotber'ti admirution (or Gaiibiildi, I 
need not hnre t^top io dcsc&at upon liia lordsliipft 
lU^L'onipHsbiiuntjA n« n ilrahKnutt, a sculptor, n\\t\ a 
wrilvr oil art iiuil inrfi; but I should lik».( hiin to tpll 
me, nliotild he Hi^nce to rea^l this page, if there 1h> any 
traiU in tin* l"oili>wihij littlf rtiK^fltJotr* whir^h I heaixJ in 
Itiily touchin<^ (.luribaldiV visit to the Ditkt*. 

It is to thifi effect When GarihuJdi. nft^r u pro- 
tnicted and triiimpbant progr^^ss from the eawt to the 
west of th*^ meti'opolii. arrivc-d at Statloid JIou^, he 
waft exhausted by liitii^itv; dr^liiu'd to partiilce of the 
UuKpu't. ]Mi'parrd for him : and saiil h*- Kiuodd liki- to 
have j^ome bread and che**he and a bottle of mie ale, 
and then retin; tn reM; which he pivsentty did. The 
next inoniiiit^, at cij^hts tho servarit camr tu !ii* door 
to n^k if be Ikickod nti) thiii^^. Thore vrm no f.turibaldt 
in th& room. The domestic came again at ten ; but the 
quniidiim Dietator of Xapl^^ was still absent. Being 
dili^i'itlty viiiiifht fur* \iv wss found in tin* ^<*at picture 
^Lllvry ; wherL* be Vina auirtly ?ittimtenng nud admiring 
the mflsterpieces of painting on tli*- walU. Urcnikfaat 
Wiif reaiiy, bo was told. *i'he General expressed liis 
thanks, hut said that ho had already hroakfatfled. 
" BiTakfastod! " oxclaJm<*d in a^toni^ihmont his inter- 
locutor. " Yc'«," ealmly replied the fnitfal \wn.\ " I get 
up at Hix ; I feel hungry . tnere w;w a little "breatl and a 
little iheese lefl.. I Mit. Iiini ; and there waii ulsa a Utile 
beer remaining, and 1 drink him." If this htsa "shave/' 
it i» n tolerably close one as an illustration of the 
Spartun simplicity nf <Jiuwp|W (iaribaldi in all thing»H 

irmr CAj^rpMnr j,v mE rvnoL 


Wc had another fight with the AiiMtrianK hoiih* (Ihj'k 
aft^r Moutc'suelo, \u which the tlftribaitlmi rrnmmefl 
TnaAtcni of the field: and, icdoai, it may be said that 
although Garibaldi hud non no strikiti^ victorioe in 
hi»i oainpai^, ho had at Wst continued to advance into 
the enemy's country, and had well planted hi* foot 
on the Rod of th-* Honiheni Tyrol, Afti^rth« i.'uj^ajjftf- 
nicnt '>r vrhiclt 1 «peak, the Italian tnirps halted at 
A villafje where there wjis a small ijovorty-strieken 
tumblc-dowD litUe church ; and thon? being no hoA(>ital 
nor eoDvent available, the wonndod were oarricd into 
the church. There was adequate i^urk^ical aid At hand, 
bnt tiieiv Wi*« II miserable dcEictuney of lKis]jifc]J «p- 

fJiance^, pG|ieci;f1ly of hnndutres : and !t iii a fiK't which 
be humane, the merciful, and the conipas^tlouate should 
laj to heart, that tlie two noble Kngliiihwonien. Mr». 
ChunberH mid Mmlamc Jrsiiic Meriton White Miirio> 
tore up overy rut; and stitch of their underelothirfj 
to make h.ind;;i;;e[i i^'ithid. and came out of that church 
vnth nothing but their frockfi to cover them. 

AfU>r jinot.her .Hiir<?i>^^fid hni'^li with the enemy, 
(JAribaldi brhcvi-d tint hr wouhl !«' nhh i<> pu.^h on 
u far azi Trent and occupy that iraportnnt town : but. 
alas ! — did not Mr. Kinglake remark, iu '*Eothcn."that. 
"alas!" was an ejaculation which everybody wrote and 
nobody uttered ? — there ap]Kiired at head-quarters &n 
open barouche and pair, in which wiis scuUvl an [talimi 
fltafT'O nicer, in a d^irk hlue unifitrnL and gold bullion 
«|>auletteH. who turned out to he an aide-dc'camp of 
King Victor £nnnanuel. Tlic Pru^AianH liad routed 
the AiistriLLUK at Kont};griit]t; tht^re wua to W peace 
between tho two Powers; und Italy, nuich to hi^r 
disgust, was instructed bj- her French friend — Gari- 
baldi** if .\hnnifttf - lu miike ]ieiice with tlw Kuiser, 
Ak u cunHnhktiun, hoiAcviT, the Dominio Veneto was 
to he. given up to her; and thus the Kmperor Napo- 
leon was prjctically to redeem his promise of freeing 


Italy from tho Alpi; to tlir AilrUtic. Rome onU', 
nuii the State's of the ('Iiurcli, wrre excepted from tne 
stat'^lj' lfi»f;<l*»m ftrnlViTf^H on whilom Sovereign nf 
SnrdiniiL: — the hickiL\>«t monarch, I kIiouM ,-<a_>\ that 
has lived for c^nturic^. Still, ftltliou^h tlic ^littcriD^ 
prise of Venice, Veromi, Padua. Vki^nza, and Mantua 
wo* dangled^ before th<»ir eyes, tlie [taJiaiift felt sore 
with th(* poiifv whk'k hatl be<*ii cLuicUuled without 
giviny lln'in Koim*, Thry wi-rc son* at- honing |jt*rn 
worsted by the AuMmns in thr (Jjadrikt<-ral : since, 
althoii^li tlio 7rf/t-fnr/ii did not pin>ue the Italian 
urniy, but rr-c-ntncd Manttia at nightfall, thi> Italiati^ 
had been forood lo fall Ixdiind the Mincio, and 
velieinently a« thi»y dechircd Cu^to/Zifii to have l.MM»n a 
drawn battle, tbei^e wak a e^n^enKiK of Euty>pean 
opinion that Anttlria had won the day on the 2-lth 
Junr, \mrK 

They wen? »ortr at having been Kignally defcntri) 
by the Austriiin fleet, eommnnded by Admirnl Tcffethoff, 
at Lissa» in the Adriatic : and aitbongh the Italian 
Conmiandor, Admiistl Persano, stated somewhat \'ain» 
^lorifinsly in bi<< di^sji^vlfli, \htiX, thi* Ihilian^ n-m^iind 
iim:»trrs of the -S('**nr of bstlth' (.Vfl/ niitmo pivhttni deifr 
ac^n^ i/i Lifaa), it U certain tliat Ti^getbolT ramniNl 
jamniod tbf Italian wnrHbi|»!* '* into a ^"ki-d-hat/'as 
Americana would ^ay, anil ^iink one lin»if* iroikchid 
ri^ht out. Am for (9ari))aldi, he wa« moro thiui soiv; 
!ie wiis; enm^wl ; and hi» made haste to throw up hif< 
ecjniiTiitnd, nnd return to ins i^iiand homo at Capreni. 
At the conclusion of tbi?* — well, b't ns »iy, cqiiivoinil— ^ 
campaign, the litth' Imn<l of Kn;<li«)i spt'L-isd etirreHpoii. 
dr-nls br^ike u]k ilyndnmn and the prrsmt wnt<;r 
rotnrnod to Mibn; Hcnty left for Ancona, in the 
harbtnir of which be witnescied ih^* fearful (Mtastrophe 
of the foundenn^ of the ironebul AJI'omhihn\ a di^ihter 
which took pltiut just hk the 4>nonnouA vee^l was 
entpring tbr- porh 




5lra Fjnlcrk-k UndWa-'Tb" J''ji»* W*i Cvir-<i«Hi^Tii— r^Ui PJnOf ity Mid 
llw Wnlclirreri E)L|i;c<^lii>n--M, PNaluIli-'At I'liUiid ^Mtrslml lIitvUArL 

Y'mir,- lUmiltil I'y Xhi ('lunl *>i Liicrn^y Hurtfui— lJui»i>:vl[j"4 (l|7orH— 1 

VvnlooQTi Lho Kvc of i(^ Tjitiniiiiuii— ttiMnJ-mitiir*' 'if the Wn'*tiiin»— The 
Titiiim Kr-u(ii'[ii-l-^1V|iitlLir KLUjMBiirrtii]^K;il''i Un' Kiriff, 

^T .Milan wc Fouml Xht^ \\\\\^ Mr. FT(*<Imi*k llardmiui, 
■A Wfill-kiK»wii tnivi-lliiijr (''>rn'Ni>on(li^iil nf tho '/irntv, 
wtio afterwturU reprosmitoi that Jouniul in Fariti, 
Jlr. Hnnlniiin riay Ik* consid^-rptl as ouo of tlut {lionccrit 
of tli»t |i('('u1ijir cliisK til' joiirnaliKU of wlioin \Villi:iiii 

l«dg«*d f/o^fM ;md olupf, llardtnau had serveii tlit^ 
7Sjwr« duritij,- the Cariist nnd (.'ristino vvar in Spain; in 
wliich thi-rc did jjood j^iTvirt' fur anothc^r journal 
the ]oiio Mr, Cl)arlc* hcwirt <JnnR*i*^cii- amdhor pjoncpp 
of tip^duL W!ir-*.v>rR>p<>nd'*nt?-. IK' was on the Ciifftino 
side; had hceii captured by the- Carlisls, and was ahont 
to W ittiot; ivhetk hi* waA rf-smei] fnini Iiik jiiipi-iidin^ Tidi* 
th<> inltTirewion wftht- lah- liUrd Hiim-hi^'I), whu hjul 
Len service in the cause of Don Carlos dp llorbon, 
Olwre was. 0* wc arc all aware, no epccial ivar*corr«* 
mdent ill Waterloo ; although I have hearrl it stated 
lat an ii^i'tit of the liouse of Kothicclnid, and Uii 
Kni^liuh ctHnnuTciiil IrnvrlW, wcrt* on tile IWld on the 
IKth Jum*, 1815. 

Sii lar OA I can make out, the Svnt reiHi^nixed 
war*corTe>pond<"nt o£ a newapapfr was a gentl(^mcln 
^I havrf- mtvei- hvard his name — who Pt-presen1c<! 
tho Trw" at Ih* rtit'ye.of Antwerp, in l^^Sl. Much 


I'iirliiT in tlip c<»iitiiry tlu* "Waleliereii HXtKHlition whk 
joined ill an iiiforin^il and uureeoguiwi^d inauiier by 
ik journalist immiyl IVtcr Fimierty, who, ou \w n-turn^ 
told tti(* Uritisli pubitu .1 grcut dual luun.- about thai 
unfortuijat^- naval and military blunder than the MrxXv. 
GoveruniDiit of tht* day cared to have publisted 1^ 

"1-onl ClmtlinEn, with h\% <»ttrd dm-am, 
Wob wikitiiiif tor Sir Kiijhuni Htnwhnu ; 
\^\^■ Rli lml'(l« li>n^iii)( Ui W Hi 'f-ln, 
Stiwtii TBitiii^ for tlin Rnrl of CJiHtliain* 

Who wrute thw opigruin ? Tli^m nrt- miuiy Tariantv! 
oF the linos which 1 bAVr <|iioU*d. I11 ont* v^ntion, Litnl 
(>!mtliani U thr- waiting earl. »iul Inn Mviml i> u 
'*Habn'/' In un^^tlitT, ^^ir Richard fftracbau is i»ot 
"lonffing," but ' eugt^r."* Peter PinDcrty. at some 
jjeriod of hif* cursor, manngcd to gt't into prison, if 
not into tb^- pillory, for lil>el ; und he alway* u?<enbdd 
hi* proM?cuLioti to tlie lualefiLvnt iiillu<*ncc of Lord 
Cu»tlen.'ii^ili, IVlrr w;ik 31 IniinoriKt ; and the r4>V€tlge 
be took on his milucntiid jxrrsecntoi wjis peculiar. 
Whenever he met his lordship in the street htraltrayic 
took olT hii* but nwA made bim a ^i'sw of prv»round 
bowji, whiob Ijord Ca«tU*nHLi;h, wiio bwl not ti*e 
s]]f>btejst idcii of wkcft L'i»tor wut;, ntfver failed to 
retnri] with true p[itric*ian t'i.iurtL»'iy. Tet^r wuji At on^ 
tinir art-critic for mie of Uu- London daily nt^w^pupcrs ; 
:iud whenever a portrait of Lord Cjustlcreai^b came 
under hi^ notice at uny picture exhibition, he took i^in- 
to deacnbt' thi.' cffitiy of the noble lord aw that of 
ofi« of the loveliest of mankind: insinuating, h:>wcvcr, 
bf'fori* hf bad tjot to the end of bin critique, that 
his lonlwbip uas :ni nnbodii^l rtiiiiiUTpuii of Okl Xick> 

The autumn ivils ihrnonincally hoi ut Milan; ami I 
longed for Ui<^ seaside. Another mtitiie irnfjelleil vw 
towards titc shores of the Adriatic. IVace was con* 
clndi'd, but the Citnvtntion by wiu<!li Venice wn« to be 
kd to iht' Italians vvit^ not ytt 8i|:ned, The city 

TiTK llttKlXATtON or rKNlCK. 


was still in a stato of «io^ ; and niv wjfo wag RtJll 
fibat up thoroL Huira-Joz<m timers I nm down to 
M«tttrit. on t)i(^ maiDluiicl; uni a friendly mi]kwr>Tmtii 
unil :iu ecjually oUiging ImmdrPrts ii-sei! to fi.-UU 
and carry i»iir riirre*|>ijiKlence in tli^ir lmrg<.'s iicros* 
tlie la^ooih it w;ts aDtioiincctl, however, tbat iii 
iinotlicr IVirlnii^lit or three weeks the si^ge would be 
ruistd; iilthoti;fh Vt^ince would continue to be ^rrisoned' 
by the Auatrianft until thi* h^girmin^' of Noviuibcr 
Meanwhile, civiliaiuf t'rtjui tho ouUide would liave j'rco 
injfriwK in tht- phice. 

The inUn'v:il I pasned in huvelliri^ in tU*^ coDipany 
of M. PbtitLiIli, Uarjhuhli h wliilom .necn'tary, or 
Bide-dc'Oiunp, through thr lilx-ntted Doniiniu V'ent'to, 
whiclip with the cxeoptitm of Veroiin, had been ivliolly 
evacuuttrd by the JWc^cii. M. Plantulli vraa si lively, 
Eetitiv« little gentleman, a quondam student, I take 
it, of tlie Univt-rwily r>r Naplfs. uikI uu (?(ifianinniwo 
of tbtt /Mu/tt/mwi. Ill- wiM><ltJ[i|}i^l UaiihaMi ; and, 
youn^ us lie wa^ — he was scarci^ly thirty — he had doiic 
pood service in tlie cause of his bdoved cotuitry. At 
the ago of tfixtoen ho had serv«l that country both 
in spirit and in Unly ; fur, at tin* i>arly ag** I upeak 
of, hiiviti)^ been implicated in a p*0iti<'al ronsipinwy 
jifi^inf^t the Governtnuot of Kiii^ Hombri, it wu?i Slj^iior 
Plantulli h p;iLrioti(\ bat hrafcHy agreeable, lot to 
be coudc-mnetl Ui banl labour tor lite* and in chains* 
Ho got oat of dunuice. ho>v<jv^r, with one of tho 
TIioTtmmd of Marsala; and i*ntorod Xapli^a in triumph 
with his Chief- " We at once/' lie u*lhI to *ay, " pro- 
ceeded to the Uoyal Pal;ic^ of Capo di Monte, where 
aparttnentft wi'n* ussi^rnvl tn all ill** ui<»ruber* of the 
(iuperal's >.tnll'. Thr-y put ine iiit<)un iinmr<iuic bcdiwoni. 
with crystal chandelier!* hanging from thi? ceiliug. ami 
caadelanra^t cari'yin^ twi>ntv wa^ iii\>cT^ vaidi, a// cf 
wAieS i took cMri' to (iffkL I'lirsrf waw w lia-i'' Eo^ir-post 
bed^te^ul, with pillars of tliu Corinthian order, v^tlh 



in>t utidrt'ss^ but I Hiivw tri^'^ii^ir on tlie ln>»l, wliicli w.w 
covered by a <|iiilt<^l coutitf^rjuUK' of (.-idenlowii, ;i<li>ni^ 
witli ^!lk ;iiul ^uUI brtrcaiU-: au<l. lyin;^ ^Q tnv biu'k.'lui; 
lioth my *pur?i into (ln^ ho^l with the cxuitjint tancy 
tli^U 1 A'iL9 ^^^^i^B tlioi)^ ii^to tlic oorpso d£ tlie 
prostmU- aitfl viui(]iitfilLod iJumbii, or nithvr \ih eS^tti 

I'lantnlli and I visited Fadiia; where 1 nididttatoDce 
fin" llie li].Htd>ric! fn^r IVilnH^olkiH a [ilai-f <^if eiitf>rUinnifint 
whu^b, M) it is sairl, biid nrvrr btr<*ii cloM*d fur n single 
niglit in the course of t]ir<:e consecutive ocritunc<<». 
There i* nnotbci- ctrfit at Venice tbut ba^ A ttimilaf 
fiodal record — the Caff' Floriao. When Marshal 
ifayimii \va* in eominaiicl in the city be iwned a treru^ml 
on^r. diivetiri^ tli:it nil tb^^ niflr^ <b4>nb1 be rlo*i*il 
iii midhi^lit, TUr \tru\mAiir id' Fb^rijuiV wuitf^d i«i 
lliB KxcclloDcy, and representt^d that Venetian social 
life did not virtually bojiin until midnig:bt. '' I care 
notbin^^ tor that/' thi^ Mihrsbnl ."^tcnily ruplicnl ; " if yon 
don't have yt>ui' x^huttoi^ up by twi^lve oclook, ^ I 
^hiLlI send you to >pK»I/' *'15ut. Kxeplluncy/* i4ul>- 
niissivi'Iy ur^ed tlu? rfy]^** keeper, *' I have not got 
any shutter*; anJ I'tnrian has n«vi'r bad nny sinw the 
daya of Marino Fidicr^j." He bad brought di>wn, it 
iit true, that iiiifortunate Do*;t' by rather a long shot; 
but Hayniiu* who wa^; iu the main not alto^ther 
iiihunmn, laughed, told the bindlord to go about biS; 
btisineHH, and premised that he should not be lut^lest^d* 

T have no di'xirr, hs I \iH\r Jilrc^ly hiiitt^d, to 
|jiLd out my Autobiognipliy with gnide-buiik notices 
o( the different towns at which I made a few day*' 
sujourn ; still 1 cannot help dwelling brielly on ju-*i 
two snbjocts. Wandering from Milan to Mautua 
and from I'mlun to Vep^njt and Vicenzn, there {>tvw 
up in ine, thy adiyr ihiy. a »iti"on^r imrl Kti'oD^^r 
impTe»ion — nu impression wbieb hns Uvuine nti 





unalb^Ttible conviction -tlmt SIui!a>pLmR' kiK-w Kwry 
rwel of gitiUiid and cvtTy building in tho eitits iu 
wliicli Ijo liiid laid the scenes of 7/^ M'rvfintit of 
Irni/y; oi OJ/it'^/o, o[ Tie Two GfJtf/i'/iw/i of t'rruHa, oE 
Hameti nml Jm'wf^ ;mil ol" Thr Tnntin// uf thf Sftrrm. 
'Vw tounata win> bivvo visited Northern It^ily have 
wcnpod bcinj; pcalcrtd by rrt/rr?//!. wlio liavc oHei'ed to 
*Iiow lliem tlio toiub o£ Juliet at \'<^n>nii; the shop 
of the Apothecary at Mantua; aiit) tlu- PaUi/^^o del 
Moro, on tlio Oruiid Cimal, at Vouici^; hut it wuk the 
cun^tHiii *lu<ly of i^Nt^^tislhly p'^Lty ilehiilw in Slmki-- 
iippurcH Italljin ]j1h^'s th:it led nn- io i\\v lull and larit 
belief that he waj* fai«iliar from actual exiK?ricnce and 
obsen-ation with thi^ Northern It-ily of hi» time- 

riicreisnot in hiswurkstho sli^hteH indication that 
l«aj3( 31 read(?r who i« ^^ fjinuliur witli the IVnincula 
nd he tft with his own eountry to think that the Bard 
of iill Time knew anvthing permjnally nbuiit Ittpm*' ; 
whrn-ii-i th*- [day* whirh I ljav*> Tiit^ntiotied ntw-m t*) me 
to bear the ?»troTiorost testimony tu his thorough ki>ow- 
ledg« of. among othc^rs. the citica which I have cited. 

Next, you will panloti me if I venture on 
another brief excuriiUfi, not at all of a guide-book 
ch;ir:ieter, on P<-frara. I don't wish to talk jibuut tlie 
gluumy, iLTiliraltiiy ^'hy^ either fnim :iii ; ui\A 
arrhitectural, ox il historical points of vic;w ; hut, 
during the three da^'a th»t Plantitlli nnd 1 alxide in an 
im|»€rfectly sanitated hotel, about fifty times a* larga 
as it »hould have been to iiioet the requirements of 
its aveia^^e nnmbrr o{ ffiie$^ta, I was haunted by the 
}rhost of liiioixviu Ror(^iir Nut bv hiT hinloric 
pimntoin. Those who liBvn n^od thr lak- Mr, UillMTt's 
aibuinible monog^ph on Jjucrezia, know that the mnch 
maii^tied DucheM died in her bed in honour aiml fair 
repute. Shi< hud hod^ it ia true, four hufthsmrlc:; but 
where is the harm in that circumittince? How many 
»pouaeH hncltheWif« of Hath? — and did not ATu>ther 



lady, vrhen &b& niarrie^I her fourth coDi^ort, cause to bo 
eni^rave^I iuHide Ikt wedding ring tlmstwvetliltU posy — 

•'if I Aumvp. 

I will hv-o h"V€^t 

It may be true that Donna Lacrexia's cmlv married 
life mtxy have boen a littli' bree/y; bnt if she ffitf c&use 
to \k- ^tablKtl or murdcretl a few |)ci»[)le whoae room fthe 
prt't't'rrett to thtir couJpuuy, it tmist W rt^nembyi^ lliat 
the application ofcobl steel tuiilei- tin* fifth rib of objet' 
tiouubiT- peiiple was an integral [Mirt of the manners 
i>r the epuch ; that tlie i^up uf i:oKt jioii^on woh v«ry 
plentifully adjiiiiitntercd, and tbat tlie science of cbemiad 
anuly^i^ was ui its infancy. 

E'or the rest. Lucrezia was a very good wife to her 
fourth hui^band, Don Alfonso d'Este. She patroiiift«d 
liteniture and the arts; »h\* ft^voured, it itt said, 
Uh* ivuiKe nf thf.' Itf-rnrntutiun in TUaTy ; i^hv comv 
sponded with Ucmbo, and fihe pensioned Ariosto, The 
dame who haunted mc was the Lucrfece Ucr^ia of 
Victor Hugo's tragedy, and the Lucrezia of Donn&ctti'a 
o)H<ra, which wat noarly the first that I ev^rr witce<*ed. 
J can liewr now, in my memory tor nu'lody, Grisi as 
Donna Lnerezia, Kubini lu Oenarro, imd Bmmbillai as 
Maflo Orhini; hut 1 furget wlio was the Don Alfimsu, 
aritl whii Hit' IhibettA. Then? cjune hark Ut mt at 
J-Vrniru the stmins of " Cftrn' t M/o,'' the dnlcel melody 
of " Dt /H-'^rator i^^mAUf:,** the terrific denunciation of 
tbe masked lady by GeniirroV companions at Venice, 
and the glurioUR brittdm in the last aot, " I! ae^rfio p^f 
fnftri' /i'lirr." Why is it that /.i/rtu'-/fi Htif/pa is nov«r 
playL^il in Hn^ljiiid. nt^wuiUy-'^? Is it that modem 
hyper-critieisni deems the glorious opera too "timoy"(or 
modem can*. dq>ravctl and disti>rted by Wit^uerinm ; or 
is it because we liave no prima donna a.t present who 
oould do justice to tJie part of the heroine? Why liftv* 
we no inipersonaloTit of Nonnu, of Semimtnide? Is it 


llijii wi- liavi- ntf HiH^r^tic siiij^r \Ami lit i^qiial ti> tliA w- 
ijiiirenitrtits ul" "* ^/ dtJn' guuUimi^ Or of '^Qiitd m^'nh 
grmihl " Tell u*, Sir Augustus llarra; tell a$ why. 

Not aluuo, however, was I pur8U(>d by the apparition 
of Donix**tti'a iJuch^H. i had virions of the fiv^roo» 
pAi^ioiiHU^ mucli-hatiu^, miAch-Iovin^ wonrntu I kndw 
ViclQr Huijo'fc tra^i?<ly Ly In^art *i[Re, iis a boy, 1 ri'ad 
it ill !«cret Hi Ekiglit nr ut ettrly inoru. Its re*itin^- place 
vtits bi'tweeij Uie iiiitttrH^s mm tlie paUiiiASt- ufiny l>wl; /.hr/'trr Botytn wiis u play which IkkI hi^eii sternly 
pliu:oKl ill the domeati(5 I>ii/'\t E<t'p\trg<iUmm. AV'itii what 
mvu joy did I fljid myaclf in deriolati*, pvil-smolling 
Kermra, which ia too vusty, not only tor the ^uentn in its 
hoU^ls but for iU inl]abit:iiit!<, so thiit yoii ciiii hire a 
|uU'»* witli wiHuv* of nK>ii»K in it, t*ac!h a.** bi^' as \s, bHni, 
lor about jtevcnty-fivc pounds H yc;ir, lint \\\^ l-Vrrara 
which revealed ita^-'lE to me was the eityof Victor lingo. 
FirAt, I mentally strayed to Venice, and s;iw the niit-fked 
lady hendiuij over her «leepiii^ en»n ; I wiit^yhtd the 
yountj iM>blo»* eiittT antl niiilently deiioutiee the tfuilty 
<Ltugbt4?r of Pope Alpxander VL Then I eaiiie back to 
Ferrani, and conjured nji the seciie in ivliieh the rei'k* 
IfMi v<»uiig p;itnriaitH> ln'adt-d by <n-iiarn>, h:trked out of 
the fwc^ttheijii over tlK^ diickil pabict*. Mk- fii'ttt letter of 
DuTifia — leaviiij; it " OKUIA. " Thea that t[Uaint con- 
vertiatiou in tht ttreet between Its di'ff^r hoitunrx vfiitM tfff 
ftoir, Gubetta and HiiHti^h^^Uo ; tlie stv^riny interview 
bvtwitou tile Duke ;ujd hih wife; Ii'lh indii;n:uH apos- 
tix>phfT to her, bej^iimin^, " Tfnrz^ Mmhmr, jp htm voire 
rt&m/iiira^/r Jfi/itrf/r." and Ijer faiuoui^ r^^to|•t, " Prt^nrz 

And 30 ou to the last act — 'the banquet ot tht 
l*rine^^*^ Net^rouiV, the t'^orioiis /n'iufliffi, followed by 
tlie Penitential P^alntf(» chanted in lugubrious Kiroplies 
by the nnble^dad frtars bearing torchon, who. drawing 
i<(ide, reve;il seseii n-ITiiH. Then<< the ini[ihu^itbh* 
LCiioe, " /«>*•" m avcz dtjittie uit Lai a I'faw'" 




Wn brethren of the /aiiitws Pour Set^anta of the 
Indian Mittiny, who. with tlie 8a«kH of powder on 
their bu^kn, marchcfd »on^»^ tbe open uiid blew tip the 
Cosbnii-ro fratii at DtOhi. 

We had the niemest of nutQtanti in Venice ; iilthowh 
there w:is &til! :^ rttron^ Aa^trinn force there* aind tlie 
Auxt.ri;iii liuveniLir^CiriKM't], EliUroQ Ali'iiiaiiii, period- 
icAlJv iaaucd alarming piT)cluinattoii^ forbidding the 
display o! wlmt hit* ExcellGUcy ambi^iioatily tcrneil 
"^fofe fo/oya/fi'* These coloured staffs were, indeed, 
bannei^ atid pennants of tho Italiun trkoUmr, which 
eerUiiu m^i'-kei.'pere haJ pn.'iiiuttiivly hijUU*<l, «i.»t out- 
ride, but. in^iilc tlwir pn.»tinse*i, SUIL *.verybody in 
Venitjc knew that Itaron Al^-inanu * nwaj wba deatined to 
be a very whort one ; and the aewiug togetiier of " Jilf/r' 
ff^orutf'y* iind the mjikin^ i.>f tricoloitred cockadw 
wont on in secret, but briskly. Great propoiatioiLS 
were mside, too, for re-opening tlie Fenioe Theatre, 
wliieb *plenJi(i house — thy wuei^vsKor of the theatre once 
j^lfirifh-il \ty \\i\: Mcvi»rry ji^LJiittni l>^' i\\^ ilhiidrioii* 
AtiU>iiin i\w C'anuKconitiKknly chilled Cunuli-tto — ^liad bcfn 
closed for many a !on^ clay during the Au?itrian domi- 
imtion. It was uIe^o utidi^r^toud that thr Ksseen of the 
Teatro Malibmu, whore the principal aniusL>VTK-»U ^i*ed 
tjj coiiKi^t of i"ope - danuiii^ ami «wi>i"(J-^wsillowinfr. 
tuj^^ether with the inAnager^; of the Xeatru ApoUu and 
the TeatiNj Han Saniuele, wera likewise patting their 
Iioiir<i-A in iinlrr 

'i'hc lintel Victurici wiw full. Henty and llynduiaD 
hod joined us to witticfifl the libcnitiou of Venice honi 
foiVL'iirn riilo; while from Milan hud been dL>8patched, a« 
rtrpreNentutive uC that iniport;iut journal /./' Per^^'ver- 
anza, i certain Dr. Cartu Kilip^ii, -a pL\>fuund and 
ver-H;Lt.ilc si?Iio!ar, and si wkilK^l iniiMlri;iii, whu uwd Ut 
ftisciuatc tt)p tadien — e^peciAlly two chaninnj^ daughl«rh 
of a I'lvbendary of" St. J^ur*i, who were travelling with 
fir un<:le — by the f,'rua" and vi\'aeity with which he 



would }(ing — aixoTnpanviT)^ litin>ielf on tlu- pkuulorte 
■— soiig?i in that Venetian a ialett wliicit lias h^en madi- 
attTactive, and vsfw farti^iimtiiig, ti> ltali;in scliolarx in 
»oini> of the coiuedi^*> of Uoldoni. The Veni^tian diulcct 
is (^nc of thi' softest and gweotofit forms of patois which 
I know; and contrasts very favourably with the hurah 
miit^n of Milan and tho (guttural Bolofjneso- In the 
1o«jI Mpi'orh iif Venice ni'^irly i"VL*ry word hk mivlHlluoiUj 
nnd CAinnoniint* wre dlsc^wnled iis innrh ns |»<>ssiMr Thus 
*' padre" is "jjarr," and '' vtadrry " t/fiin\' The Veuc- 
tianfi, too, have ii ptLSHiou for making all iiounn feminine, 
and I hrtvc tvi-n Inward a ^.>iid^li(?r ^[K'ftk of Vict<'i" 
EmmjiutK'l Ufi f/i Rl. Tho poor fallow nii^ht, t^ ht' sur^^ 
haive pWded that in jjure Tn^an, as well »f> in Frondi 
and in German, Majesty is always of the fendniue 

On the lird of OctoW Vimiw and Vem-tia wi-rtt 
ftarrvndcrcd hy Austria to the French Uuvcrnmeut* to 
l»© handed ovpr to Italy^Kaiaer Franeiw Joseph being 
too proud to eed<> diivetly thi^^ rtptr^ndid appanage of his 
Crown to a Powtr which ht' had twice beaten in baltle. 
The formal transfer of the eity t(.>i»lc placit on Uie I3tb 
October, at noi>n : the Cummissionerjt of Napulei>ii IIL 
being presided over hy that General Lebceuf who, a^ 
ilarsluU Lebo-nf, played n not s^ry brilliant part in the 
IVmteo-Ocrman War of ls?0. The Convention wan 
nf.'d at the Hotel d& la Vilie, and the ccRjiion pro- 
tined to tlie whole city by » fe;dut^> uf u hundred 


Tlien the UiiliHn eolonn« were run up U> the Kiimmit 
uf tfie three IjiII luarttM in front of the Catliedral of 
bt Mark. The Au^'ian >S<'kw<irz^di was haulud 
down; jind Oein^ral Ilaron Alomann — a stout little 
peutleniaii, of pK'a^int mien — was absolutely cheered 
by ttie crowd xxa he ernbarkL^d at tht* Molo on board the 
unbiKit wbieh was to eonvey liitn t4> Trir^l*', 'I 
^unetianh, notwithstanding all that Hngli^h peojde 




ivjkl iu ill? " IhfLVu of Veiiicf " uiij Minilar roiiUinci*ft» 
liav<? Alwa^'ii IfLni ii kindly, Affectionate. a»d plAcabic 
folk. When Fni FaoK> wit^ HtAhbed. iu uonsequ^ncc^ 
ol" r^oiuo tlR*k>i<^ici<"ui coTitiovcivy coiiiiectod With Uw 
C-oiuici! (jf Trent, lie knew fidl woll that th^ stilvtto 
whioH woimd^ hmi was not held by a Venetiuti hand ; 
and as \w. sank swuiinitijf to the gruund, \\e murmural 

I Imvc bceu told that during th^ luug occupation 
of Venice by the 7'rfJrscAi\ it was with the ^jr^atcst 
rarity that Austriuu sentinels were ever od^aulted, or 
that attempts vv<^ro mode to aj^sar^inate thum : and if 
thcro hv a eity w" tl^*? iaeo uf th*' ^flolx? nioi*t favocir- 
(ihlf*, in a tcpugni[>hR:al Dense, to thu piTpetratiuii of 
midiught mui'dej'rt, iliat irity is a^turedly Venice, You 
have iMily to ^Uih yi*ur uiau jukI tip him over into one 
of the r^idc cuDdls ; uiid away the tide oimos tho corpse 
into the* Adriatic. 

The moment that the Auttriun Governor had taken 
his depurtuiv, the [taliaii troops, who had been massed 
at the r:ii1way ti.'rniiiiU3>i hard by tha* Papjido|M>nli> Palaoe I 
ami gantens, were <nni."kly shi|>[n'd im lH.>an! rnoiny 
bargcj4. which were towod by four atcamers down the 
Grand Canal to tlie Molo. The first barge wa^ crowded ■ 
with '(hiardie Civili/' or gendarmes; and tho people 
wh<j lillofl thu |-oud<jIu4 and whcrrie« uu the timnd 
Canal cheered tbeKe ^^allant policc-cunstable* in tbeir 
cocked haU, and red. wliite^ and green plumes, up- 
riiariimsly. Tl. is not often the gendarmes lot to iK 
cheered, A few days after the i-ntry of the It^dian 
^^rrisoii i\ plebietitiim wii^ t^iken ; and the re^ult wa^ 
that 6Dl,75b vottB were east for the annexation cf tlie 
Venetian dominion to thi^ kingdom t>f Italy^ Only 09 
vote* were roeoi'ded a^ain^t uiiiou. Venetian I>eputies 
at nnce proceeded to Tnrin t'l eonitntinii'ide Ui<- n*solt tu 
Victor Emmanuel : and nieanwhilfr thi? Italian ofBoum 
at the garriwjn of Venice i>roceeded to make tbemi^rei 

rbcoitiforUhlo 9i« pof^Mbli^ ilk their now quart^^r-i, TUt-y 
crou-<liNl FIoriiin*5 nnj the SpeccSii tfifft-v: but tlic pro- 
prietor t»r aiL * 'ntitlil ifiliment wliurli Iiillit-rtu liml he^ix 
mainly fxitroiuHiHl bv (l»* 'Ihif^thi Vx^Kx-^wx^A U\ i^ikf down 
I hw !*ign. whicij waj< tliat of " L'lmperatorc <i'Au»tna/' 
and tx) ]>ut up aomctliing Italian ana patriotic innt^ad. 

A few disconh^nted VenetiaiH, s-iiftiK-cted of 
'' AM^fridfaHtf^" syn»paUii<.'s. complaint^d in an under- 
tocii? that the Itnlinn military baniU, whieh dis(.-oursed 
f'vcrj" wenitig sweet strains on tht* Piai^o San 
Marco, did not ]>lay half so well as had doTit- the 
Austrian military bfinds, whose inf^truruentation wan 
simply perfivt , hut thfse grumbler** wen- so'.>n frowned 
otii *if I'ouutfnancp. Thon th^ Itnhan Lifficors loudly 
tl^mandM ilmt i\w tVnicf thpativ s:hnuld h^ opened. 
The iMf^ft*^tfiii» wished to wait until lhi» arnvnl l^f 
his M;iji-^ty ; bnt the Tnilihiry ^^iit.letnL'ti wonhl linrnk 
no delay. Tlieii tlie unhap]iy niunagpr urgid tlint 
he had no (x»nipany, either opemtip or choregmphic : 
in ani*wer Ui wiiich pl^^a he w;is bidden to send for a 
Gompmiy from Viwnxu or Itovigo: wliif.'h he presently 
did: and the company speedily arrived and alighted 
lit the lintel Victoria. A ^ueer troupe th(»y were. I 
hriiilatj* til say that the fifihtit tfrnmn was lifty and i»iie- 
oyi^l, or that the hnitm pm/mtdo hful a woiidi^n le^; hut 
trK*y wen.' certainly not artiJ^ts of the aiHbrc, cither 
physical or ajvsthelic, that English O^iem-gocrs were ac- 
custtomeil lo :<ye at Her Miijeaty's Th<;atre in tlie Hay- 
market, or that thtT wee at prej-ont ut thA Royal Itcdian 
Opera, Covenl tianleu. 

There arose, moreover, jl slight difficulty in the 
c'ircnmfitaTice that the* prima ntinm. or Wdin^ dunih- 
shnw iurtre^sw, and the jtyiutn Itiffirnnu insi?*ti^'d on doing 
th^ muhing of their ganiiy drapcric* at hom^, and on 
lian^iuj^ them out to dry froni the upper windows i»f 
Uift bote), whirh in tin* Mid<lle A^s had l»eon w stiiti;Iy 
P«Iao?. l)iit thii« ift an incident which very fivcjucntly 






liAppou^ in thf towns of pro^TUCuil Italy, where cvco 
marchionesses and ducbo»s«s habitual!/ ao their light 
waNhing stt 1ionu>, nud ooiirert Ute wtiulow-silk of 
Un'ir nmiiKluhs iiiu> ilrjing-jjn>in»l*. S(r, F^tzeDsberger, 
however, politely but firmly a^t bi& fucc agaiii^i tJ>* 
practice ; and he wax aJAo obli^d to t^U the inaiiiiger 
that he could itut t^lorate the proceedin^n of th« 
oompttiiy in ordi.*rinf|,' tlioir dinuera from a neigh- 
bourinf? und cli^ap /mttnria, or cook-shop, iDstoad oF 
partaking of the |)niicipal meal of the dav at th« 

The Hii^ii^li gui'^i^ from thv lir^t^l Victoria filled 
two rowM of the ?(tulb at the Fcniire on the night 
when the theatre was reopened. 1 cannot nnjall th« 
name of the opera performed, beeaune it was inter- 
rupted at 1oa>it tiVL-iity time^ by the .^udionc« fihonting 
for the *'M»ircm Ucalv*' to h& playod.orfor "Garibaldi'it 
llymn" ta be snng; and when the over-fatigued 
arti^tn conid no longer sing, the jiit :ind srnlh'rj- 
howled the hjmn.^ themselves. Then tliey called for 
"iwww" Cor the Iti (Iaianinom9; tlien there wa?* a 
nhout of " Jit- Jift^Uc in Cam/JtdoffUo ! " moaning that they 
wanted to see their electt^d King installed a^ Sovereign 
of United Italy at the Capitol of Rome. "/Vri'i*" for 
Anmdt'u, Diikt^ of Awtn ; " rintJi " fnr the Italian Army 
and Navy, then ru^uunded frvtrn the aaditoriniu: one 
w^i^ijili vKCupant oE the pit cryingp '' Ify all uieans^ 
bring the ctivolry to Venicvi ; " while anoUter facetious 
gcntkinjm in tht- gidkiy, pointing to tliu ivd and silver 
eluf^ld of the House of Suvuy, which cognisance wii^ 
displayed in the centre of the arch of the proscenium, 
eallfd iiui, " Stiff f /al/dctii" in allusion U> the Boyal 
wentcli(H)i) jd;ieed ovt^ the doam of ilII itidbin lihop- 
keepers who iin.* liccn-scd to deal in the Uovernnient 
monopohes of salt and tobacco. But the raont fi^jncnt, 
the noifiie&t, mid the most enthusiastic "r*rrf*" of the 
mening were those thundered lor " J^ft Prr/a ifi 

r/m tnfKif Alios OF ytixrcK, 


S/iroia" Tho '^ Pearl of Stivoy " whu uuvl is tiw gooA 
aiirl beiiutifiil Mar^bc-ritu, Qtieitn of Itnly. 

The King imtde liis eutry iiit<i V^iuce on ibe ^i)\ of 
November, accomiiaiiii^ by a hrilliant shill', duil I'ticorU'il 
by bis owu speckl body-guanl iu cuirasses, i^Iviincd 
helmotB. ami juckbootfi; but who liuJ pnidently not 
brought their horses with them. His MtijoHty entered 
one of the State bartjes, which for week* prtviously tbe 
iiuiiiLcipiility of Vl'iuc'* hurl bin<n cbxtonitlnL^ for tlu^ ust; 
of tbrir SovtreijjTi atid ]m i:oiirt. Wli(?ii the K'mg 
stepped into hifi barge tii the mihvay terminUfi, a great 
mar went up I'rtun tlie niiiltiturle, "At la^t/* quietly 
obfcrvf'd Dr. Fihppi to mo. " thu Venetian?* art? Muti^tied ; 
tlioy have ^ot t)u-ir King in n gondoLi." A^ for th^ 
pfK>pI« in the (fondoliii; mid open boats* it is no ex;rg- 
gemtiun to sjiy that, without much difficulty and at 
twenty diUVn-nt points, yon might have cmssed thi* 
(JrAiul Crtiial 4»n funt — flo |m^^hgim^^ itnti so closely 
wedged together were tbc "embtircationft."' Hut the 
Prefect <>f Venice witli a boat full of Gitfirftw ('imii 
preeixled tlie Koynl flotilla; and vv'ith inimitable rloxt^Tity 
thi^ gondoIiiTs Tijanivtjori to muke a lam^ or wat<'r-wuy 
for tile Kin^ to pa-ss, the boats eWlnj; up behind hirn 
iinniedtatt'ly afl^iwanln. 

Then* wiix a Ifrrf t*it mnMttv of thi- (jhl Veiietiitn 
nobility, many of whom were not in i^umlola*, but 
in large f^avchi. or biirgcs, the bulla q{ which 
were gilt down to the water-line, canopied with 
crimson and bine and cloth of gold and silver; 
while t!ier<» went /V/^V'Vflu.j- of flftyi* at fctom and «(ern, 
sinil tbi* n>wers were elad in rieh Vr'nwtian costnmc I 
only wonder that when IheKing landed at the Piaz7.eUii 
th<- peupte (lid not catch Xna Majesty up in their amis 
and curry him away bodily into the Cathedral of St. 
Mlirk. " i hnve not been to maria." said u. Venetian to 
me. " for tw<«ity years ; but I have been to St- Mark's 
tJiid morning, and J mean to go then? every day for a 


fortnight. You soe the King is in our midst.'' f hope 
that the gentleman's devotional feelings did not wholly 
die away sit tlit^ expiration of fourteen days. 

Then there was a rush to the Royal Palace, the 
fa^de of which fronts the Basilicaj and of course the 
"Be Elefto" had to show himself at one of the 
windows, to be acclaimed over and over again with 
volleys of cheers. At night St. Mark's Place was 
illuminated " architectonically " — i.e., the lines hori- 
zontal, vertical, and senncircular of all the columns 
and cornices and arcades of the Piazza were traced in 
threads of fire ; as was also done with the lines of the 
Byzantine facfwle of the Cathedral, the faipy-Hke little 
Logfjetta, rind tliP two great columns i>n the Piazzetta; 
the Campanile he^^arae a tower (»f liroj ami i\\f^ horses 
of St. Mark were oiitline^l with gas-jets. 



iVcTicw—Roiup In iMfl idJ In I MM -Pap*! Wofriort-Tlit CflkMtuui— rurdi- 
Mb \o 8lae0^Tfac ITcJy Father oei tXtc^ Pkiii^ian Tlill— r&iAl Moiicy— 

BftB BoysHj took its <lcjuirtnrc, my wii'o and T. 
ToUowiDg instnictions from hfwttjnartrrs in Fl^c't Htrcct, 
bad*> fai^Wf'll^but not, ils wo hoped, a iaetiw^ ono — to 
VeniM «n(i w<?tit wuth. Onr dcHttmition wai* liom^i 
where wt* w<tn» to rcmoir initil tin.* following Jmiuary, 
Fly tliis tijne tin.' winter hiul bepiin : and in Veniw', 
;iltlioiigIi the day of the Royal entry Imd tieen a fine and 
sniiny om*, tht* wcatlier wnn Ai^^vt^^My raw and 
oocn^ionally ioggy. It ^w wor:**.- by tht' time wc 
(^ to Boiojrna ; and w^ nrm'od at Perugia in q 
snowj^torm. I had never I>j*en in that artistic city 
befoi'e; 1 did not know thore wa« a Gl<»an hot<?I 
there: and we {laitKii'd the iii^ht at the j>0Kt-hoii»<e, 
OTK- of Ihr* dirtic'Kf Italian innn T hnve ever mt^t with, 
Th*- housf wft>* mnstity ancient, and in a |dtotograpli 
would have been handc^onift. Our beilmom wa^ 
immense, with ii eurinusly-lindierf^d rorif, ai^ antique 
carved WHinwL*<^t, and walls hiiniif with powtibty 
medijcrjh but unniistakubly raetJed and rottinf^, 
tjippstr)- The landlord and lanrlhidv pf»1iteneea 
ititeir; iLiid a t'hMiiiWniiaid, who, In all a|i])i-j<nitKri\ luid 
not hii»ii wa^hrd from the tinio of Penigino, l]]r;«tened to 
kindle a wood Hre on a hnjje open hearth TIk* fumea 
of the fagg:ots nearly chokr^d u?*. to l)eyin with ; ijiit 
when the periU of impending; suffocation parted owny, 
we wen* nble to enjoy ft eajntnl »iupper of fii=h. fle»li. 
and to^lj washed <lown by uonie of tlie r^reut old wined 


W SAWS UFK AKD ADrtt}frfTUiSif. 

imt ;^aw it ir I8'in, whs m^irktM:! af internal* hy iV 
HtiitioiiR of Hw (^ToHs ; an<l on Snii<UyA sprnoona were 
preiwilifnl th^rc from n pulpit in fcln^ ci^ntiv* by Prua- 
f^isoan nnd Dominican fnftw 

Ah for tlio Carflinal«, tlie Ppinces af th<» Charok 
wth^) at iirr'scnt art* very raroly seen in public, niMl 
then imly in modeftt rrttf/i/^M, flrarir ii^»(Mit in fiifl 
!icarlc't» in open carriages ami pair aJui carriagf^ 
and four ; tW iKirw-a Heck*^ with *^lt and bff- 
rihbone'l with scarlet, The Pope lik<-wiw oft<?n took 
an aft^^ruixin drive- on the Pinciau Hill I eaii rooall 
ihL* ven^Bble and brnovolent PontifoK Maximn* diK* 
tinctly in a itot/f/i^e or rassock. with a cnp^ of fiw» 
whit^» oamlct, and Uh ^ood old face — from which 
hf^iiiiit*i1 Uir T4^^lvt4^Kt 4>r smiW— ^Hi)riMunnlH«>il hy a fthovel- 
hut i*r crimTtoii velvet, warn forp and aft, Whm llm 
weather wa> fiiif^ the Pontiff would, fmm time to tinic, 
aH^lit from lii.H ^-quipat^^e and» followed by a roaplo of 
domestic [irelnt^^T*, Uik*: ii httle walking rxerciwe, fn^ly 
lH>i«towin<* his hlt'Mdnt; on th^ crowds who, kn««ling, 
lined the sid<*s of the P^menade. 

The Piipal iiiom^y cfnisistivl of papt'i- c^iirrenrv, whirli 
WAS f^'riifniilv at a dif^codiii, mirl t>r iiilvrr ami tfM>p|>«'r 
coiUM of al)oat equal value with thr franc and the fifty 
centime picc*?^ nirrent in Francf* and Bplg;inm- The«c 
had -■iupci'rtcded tho oid p/toli and f/fjnrrfii : the older 
%at^i, or crowrR^ and r/^rt/fi, whi«h wor** jjold eoin», 
I nover saw. Yerirs, too, h:iv*» piiA^^ed sintv th'- Papal 
Mlver haji been eunvnt in Italv : yet »«> rveintly as 
July, l^l^k T found fninc?* and nall'-fnun^s, l>eaiing th<* 
pi'olllr "f Piu Ntmo, cnrn-nt in HnKstdK. Thi-y were 
shortly alterworda witlidrawn by Ministcnal dccrtT from 
circulation in Belgium. 

For th(* rewtt we enjoyed fmi-solves to tho full, 
during our *tuy at Roniv. 'Jlie chnrmini* young ladie-i 
who wpre d:in^'htr*is of the Prehendnry of St, PauV«, 
and wpte travelling with their uncle, caiue on lo Itt>nie ; 

liUJIl! ASD NAFI^ef. 


my deal' old fi'ieiiJ UiKloIplt <!uitUvu» (ilDvef, of tlin 
War (Hticar, laiiic uiit fiujii IjoiuIuii Ut .-^{x^nil tii» winter 
holicUiy with u» . utid wliut ^^ith oiLCur^^ioti^ mjil cvimudk 
iartit.<^aDd btud^'mguDtiquitici? uuJ atUudiu*; I'outilical 
fuiKtiouH, tlie tinio pUHiJed rapidly aud doli^lit fully. 
UuruiL,' Wtiit I'lfNt Humiui pilj^nmage I bojx.ia u. practice 
\i'hicli 1 liuvv inudL' ^j'^tcniuiic — tlisit uf pur€bH><iti)r, 
every Uino I visit Home, a fijpj in oil uf Uuidt^V portrait 
«F iS^tritr t'i?iici^l uwnu tin- imest) ailkd; simcr it 1ia» 
k>iig^iii(»< tx^eii provt'd l^ dtritiuLi^tnitiiiu tliut thtr Ii^velj' 

erl vritli tliu wliiU^^ L'lotli uvvr lior licud, »iul wliv U 
okin^ Jit you ovtT tiL'i" >lKnildL*r witli tyu*^ tlic uxpivs- 
KKin *ji wiiicli you tiev^r IW^t, wu*- not tl»? uururtuuuU? 
Bt*aitrtce, but u youui^ uja.idfu, name imkutjwu, who was 
fiiiii)ii\ i)i(u!i*l, unil wli<)i4(* i'iuw. :Lp[j(';i,r's in ;ii l(*ji?^t blinv 
i>t' hii* ptctuii&. h^t^iuc MLy slit wiiti J Ui'tJi'k iuid a 
purchased bkve of the; paintiT. The eo-cal!cd Jieatncn 
i>» pluiiily, imt inoiv tliiiu fiCteuti ; Hhcivan it Uatt Ixjloi 
inxjfiwynijly proven that tin.' ival IV^alriar wiis ;it tlii' 
time gf her eiiecutiou twL^uty-lw«, in^i n-ry ^o4- 
lookiufT, aud a motlner 

I 1);lvi- ut'tt'ii thuuglii, KbiUKliuff iii front uf Ul<? 
Iiigli ait^r in tlu* Ohttruli oi ScUi L ititnj in Muuturiu, 
wlicrt.^ tilt: luikk'^s Beatrice ]iL> biu'iod, thut it if> a 
bad thing tliat hanl-litadtd uud UDUKrcilully vi^ilaut 
and dili^nt profr-ssdrK^tlK- Itiiliane and thi* Uurmauti 
uro tile (^rtmtOftt oftV»dLi> in thin n^^p<."ct -should devoti* 
tliiir iTiidiliun and tlioir jwurntn to tlit- b!i>k i>f turtiiit^ 
rofnuiitic leg<.'iidh clean iiiiide out, nod Altouiik|f beyond 
dinputtr llijil tbi'j jire mainly ajHriTVphid. Why are thf 
iuvti> vf tlio pitTturc^^iJc lo Ijc rubbed of tiieir U^'utritT 
m tflic i» picturc*d» ur a^ they beliwc »bo wit^ pic-turcrd, 
on Unido s ctmvas ; or iis she niovca and breathes atuX 
(flows in Shelley's deathk'c>a trafj;edy? From this jwint 
of view i e:ui tborou^'hty comprehend and ttympathise 
vritli tlu' tborunifhiy Ji'ininiiie declaration of tuIbeTviiL'r 
tu tbu heliel in a long acix-pU'd myth niadt* by an 




1\iT]H — yjipuLouira In(on-flt in tho ExhlbLtion^ini^ Imptiriiil Commiiwionurd— 
"OldXiug Cols" and bis FiuiQrAinii of English Lit^ntui-o mid JounuUiva 
— Thu I^to Lurd HcuBhtoii— llio ComiuiHuaiial— IIlo " Ttfst Uoiue^^ mtd 

its Freuth Nirknamc — Bhtoq B muJ Hih A'rtricffHtcii Ciirwjr — The D«- 

trihutioa of E^riz-^—Kipok-un III. and K(ird]aHEi.d de LeaBvpa as Pri»> 
WiDiiEDi— ViciHitud«« of Fortiuia, 

Whrn we arrived in Marseilles I sent my wife back 
to England to aee her friends and equip lierselF, if 
need be, for a fresh journey j while I went on to 
ParU, and took up my quarters at the Hfitel Windsor, 
in the Rue de KivoH, where, phenomenal to relate, 
the obliging landlord let me have a suit« of three 
rooms on the entreaol at the extraordinary cheap 
rate of tift^^en francs a day, I cite this tariff as 
phenomenal because the great International Exhibition 
of lS(i7 was imminent. The Second Empire was in 
its autunmal splendour; and although the Exposition 
was not to open until May, Paris was already thronged 
with visitors from every quarter of the globe. To be 
sure, 1 told the complaisant landloixl, M. Blard, that X 
intended to occupy the suite of rooms for some months; 
and, as a matter of fact, 1 was a tenant of them from May 
till September. The rooms were very dark, but nicely 
furnished ; and there was, happily, no tablf trkotp in 
the hotel, so yon were not expected even to lunch 
or to dine in tlie house. Comfortable quarters, mfi aw 
hnf in the morning, and for the rest full liberty to 
do what you liked in the matter of the provand — 
tbat is my beau ideal of comfort in a continental hotel. 
I have always hated iahh^ d'hote for two reasons, first* 
you are often obliged to sit at dinner next to people 

Tfrti syrrmtSATio^Ai. ftxHwirmx of'^. 


wlioia you would ^?t»rtaiuly not usk tu Jim* with you; 
And next, b^caiiso arnon^ tliv rude«t and ^(>riifrally 
niont iff)jfi'tioii:il>1f |fi'0]>li* th;it, [ li;4V(* <*vi'r iiu-t witli 

mi my tnivrU, thi' folk wl i I iiijiy cull Kiijjflisli l/tltfir 

fi'tidfr trip[>ei> atf- perliaps th«" most disagrroabl**. 

Tlif^iv wii'^ )>lt:»tv U> M4* ill tiK' Cbamp iK* Mnm 
*>TCTi hftorr ili*^ KxhiUitioit <>)m-ik-4. TUr- biuMiiijj wiw 
<!oin{)lift«fl, hut ii>i y(^t only piirtiiilly fnnnslH'l, It wii>s jl 
}74vnntif< utriu'tuiv of i;l:is« nijil iron ; lint iliPiv wa^ 
»omo !ii^i>iiiiUy ill tln' dpii^n *>!" M, \^' I'lsiy. iiUlnuij^h 
outivjhnllj I III* Kxliiliit.]|i]i \\At\ \i iiieiin ixxnX stunted 
iinpi^t. Thcr vi\>i si'rir* iif i.tinn^riittii: i-Ilij>M-s in tlie 
ChAinp dc Mars offered all coiKcivablc facihtie* to 
visitors for a proper display of tlicir warc«. It wiw 
p«rf<>ctly oafi) Ijotb to ^t into and out of the place, 
and nobody could lofto lii^ way. The radiatinj^ t^treetat 
whi<^h anivirLf<.'(l to tlit* interior giinli'ii*, -awA the gri^at 
nu^d plitfonii vvhiftli rafi ri^lit rouiiil to tlif m»i7llinc 
^lerics, vien* all <H'i^inal ideas, ingenious in concep- 
tion, and skilfully worked out. The Emperor Napok-on 
nr. took fronv the out^(*t tin.' liv(*liof*t intproat in tlie 
enterprise, und wfitcUod with the donpi^l «t>Hcittide t>ver 
its developm^t. He fre(|uently visitt^l the Champ de 
Mjirs in the early spriuj;; and iilinost L-very iifU-nuMjn 
(luring the ht-yday tif Uie Kxpo^ition. CVhiu', leaning on 
tho arm of an iiidc-de-camp, might have been aeon 
fltroDintr from stall to stall examining, enticisin^, 
pnii^in^', and pnrt^lm^in^' objcet* of beauty or rarity. 
To be Hure, th<* Kmperor did not think much of the 
building as an arti»itie a<.duevement ; and, when it wa^ 
r>4:)fnpIot^l, hr euiiiplinient^M] M. In? Play on hitving 
built him a " graudiode ^asomet«r," 

The miuiagrnirnt of thiji gigantic cnterprist? waa 
entruatod to & hodv of Imperial Commissicmei^s, pr»>- 
Hid^ or^r m the first in«l«nce by Prince NapoWn, 
who, hoiiwer. ^-arly n^tir^^d fmni htn ]Kist- Tlii* wa»i at 
tlif outlet a heavy blow and w»re diHConrajcenient, for 

ihc- Prini^**, one of Hie H^^vcrost of m^n. was iio morolr 
oniniiitjital Pro^id^nt ; hin co-operation, tm eouns<>lti, 
snd hiH MUf^iKti6nft hiul limm rmintmtly worviwaUf 
in 1855» and inij^lit h-Aw Inni of i-vtii gr*'jil**i' ruliie in 

Till- 4*»innit»Aio]i<^nt turned out to be a veiy 
ntpLicioiu^. ^^ii'^jitn;^ unit t;n>(><1y hoAy, who wrre con- 
Hliintly quwnx'lUn^ with iIr- PVhjif^ OjuimiseiOD^rf, 
and dofn^ tti^ir Ix^ to ^xt^vrt more and more cash 
from thA t^iift'vjfhuffififf'f i*f tlw* diffen'rifc -ihows ahd 
|»lnc'0>i "F rffrHrtliment in tin* uiutcxev. Forr)n'>M 
among ilir Kn^li^li Com mi** ion (*r* wns Mr. Tli?iiry Cole 
— 1 forget whctiicr lie Imd bt-eti vet kni^rfif^d — wnoni 1 
had known over sinop thr Hjtlf Piirk ICxlkitnti«rii of 
l8ftK Hp waa fstromely servioraMiy to ni<^. and it»- 
troducod me to Ih-* vvhol<* of tlif* Fon»iijii (*<muni^ 
fionL'r>i wttin^ in solemn iNviifal»iiln1i*.m Seldom hiw 
Hiere tired a more resourceful, ingenious ofliciul lliau 
^Old King Cnle." as they used to (^.nM h\m d Amtli 
Kf-iif^ingtoii ; and with surprising ftkill ami alucritj" 
dill lie r«»pon(l to tli<> invitntion of the Imperial 
CommiHsionfrf to oxlnbit ttometliint; whioh might 
starve UK at conipanitive history of Kngt;uid during ilio 
last tivr-aud-ttventy joarw. 

Wllh mn* imlnstry, |iiiiiciire>^ and n^'iircli he 
brought iogi^iher tliah whi<:li might be ciillcd a com- 
plete panomnia of Kngli?*h litemturu and jounvati»m. 
On an array of Hcroena in the Knglie<h l>e|wrtmeiit 
hv ditp!ayt-d an ahno.Hl innumerable s*>rio« of in****- 
pitpi^rs, niagiiKines, review*, luid soriul publications of 
every imaginable form, tjpt^^ character^ size and price, 
ranging from the ctuartprlieA anil tlw* balf-cn>wii and 
Hhillin^' inaga/ine.H clown to i1ti> hnndih^ ijHrli^pi-iiiiiw 
of Hi*vcn I>ials — all the Lnulon and .dl tn*^ |>ro- 
vinciul gnipcnf. the rio^t rubbiE^hin^ larthing Iwllada ^ 
oil thcT ahnanacTi, all the pulling pamphkta of adTeT' 
tisiDg tailors unci lialt'is fouml a pliic« in tliij; iiDiqu« 

rnK s?n*h'}ty.iTio.\-.iL Kxntnnms OF^'n. 

rt.iUwttiHt. Is it ^i^L fxlaiil, ] wiJHtler, ni Suittli 

^nie Kxpo^UioD was cpencJ by the Kmjwror ami 
Km[>reaA iu pur^rn ; aud it wu6 pltiasaiit to notice 
the cordiiil greotiii^ giv**n bj tlie Impenal couple to 
tile moiY' ci>n>^pieiLoiis aiiKniii tlif Kik^rlji^lt vUitoi^ 
present i es(weiiilly lln- lut-.^ XawA Houj^liUm, witli 
wliom boHi thp Kniperor and l^mjness s!ni*»k hamls, 
'riic i>rilli;iiit, ("iittunvl, nml anuiiMi- pj-er^wlhiM- Hon 
in now Ijonl-Lii'iit^'ii^Liit itl livlaiul — (jJiH.^rd llii* p^anoii 
in Paru, whors tio bod a clim'iiuii;; suit^ ^f umirt- 
tnentA in tlio Avenue df*B Champs Klysc*?**, in which he 
ffftve a wi^rii's of sp^irkliiii^ tfi^ji^imfn u In frmreUt^fte tu 
fjidiioiiHblo, literary, iind iti-tUtLij noUililitivK. Thoru 
I nirt Kdniiirir] AlKJUb, Htiiri Taine, V"ilh'Mi[?K>;iiiit <tf 
till- f'\'/fnti. All)e^t \V«]ff, ;iiid ^lunliive Ihm'. Sin^^iiliil' 
Ut iv*lat4*. I did iiiil liiiil aiiiiui^ Imw] lliHi^htuiiV 
•;in.>(:< cither Ale Jiundiv Diiinii!* tlir JOI-Ur i»r tiio 

Tho luat had been, aa I Iiave already said, a sqIlooK 
fellow of mine; and 1 waf^ fr^tjuontly hi^ ^^onipunion 
wht^u Ins Ttitber took uit uut fur u Suiulriy outing. 
Tile elder Alexatidri? did uob die until 1371 ; the 
jonnger Alexandre still lives, a prosperous gt^ntb^maD, 
yet from tlie year 1840, although 1 oEt^n went to 
Puri^, and ^onsorti^d >vith French journalii^tTt and nion 
of lettt^rs, I novor i^tjt cyi* oilUer ou tho author of 
" Mi>nte Cristo," or on the writer of Aa /Jaj^jr attx 
Carnal iaa. 

Oiw. of the most iioti*worthy rna.tnre!i of l.h*? Kx- 
hibitioii of ISGf ViiiA its coiUTnis^^iriut, There were 
innumerable ca/^* and rcbtaurunt*. not only in the an- 
nc'te^, but in the outer xone of the building itsolfi 
wheiy; Me»ftr> ?>pii;rH und Pond Iiiul oBtablijd^^d a gri^at 
r^Uiurant for tb« " trxbibition/^ if 1 m:iy put it ko, of 
titer murh'calumnUted art of Kitf^hiih cookery. There 
WOH a ^^'V, U>o, ut which ulticiatetl a number of 



hi\,\uUu\i\>' lijiriiDiid.t, Die- <il>JocU of i?iit1iti*4i:Lttle 
H^iuimtiou QU till' part t>{ the Frt^uch visitorv. who 
be^o^\'«d a liberal amount of patrona^ on Kn^lmh 
lYiaft beof^ Knglish Icj^s of Tnutton, juid^pardon the 
f>fti*Adi>v— KiitfliitU Irish sti^w. There wa* a Ituasiui 
i%-Klutir:iiit, liMi, wlii*r<* v^^i roiilil obtiiiii utrit^ or 

Thi*!^ waA iin American n"'stmirant, whi^re canvaji* 
backed din:kfl, trrrHpin. ^^uaibo ?<oup, pork and be»A«. 
Miiccotasb am! pnnipkiit pii* w*>nr Nersvd ; and tht^v wii* 
oven a Turkish rc^tnunuit, wlii^re <^bam OiirntaU from 
the Pauboorp St, Denis brought you sham pii^fi and 
slinni h*Mi!f^ \v;isbed down by abimi sherbet. 

Iii soTEK' of tht* nniii*\4*H of ihr< Kthi}»ition t^ruiinds 
the humorous elemeut was pleasantly marked! Mr. 
Cole, •seconded by an able ofKcuil eonneoted with Soutli 
KetiiiLtigton, and wh<»*e recent deoeivne iv> 8ir Philip 
CunlifTo OwoEi u Uot^t of fmnds \\\\s^ inouroed. cnused 
to be erected a stranjje structure, wbi<:h was termed 
by the Knglish Commission the ''Test House," when* 
everythinif that could conduce to th^^ internal di.-oor- 
atioTi anil exUTnal coiv^uienc*' of a dwelling- boose 
was experimentally exhibited. The French pave thi?* 
building the Hobriquet of "Le Cottage Angtais/' or 
nion? irreverently they nicknafnod it " Le Goddam," 
and thoy perytnted in n>trarditifj it iw a tj^pical speci- 
men of English domestic arehib'otuw. The irreverent 
ttobricjuet just eited is a very oM SaHo-AughVijiin. 
Pi vf-and- fifty jears ago it wiW li;ihil.o;iny given 
rac by iny schoolfellows at the Pension Ufnon; but 
I rend that more than four hundred years since Joan 
of Arc UBod to allude contemptuously to " Lea 
QoddaiDfi Angtaifk" Thus it would a[>pfttr that 
Matlboroiifrh V snMiera were not tlif tirst who "swore 
terribly " lu their euniinentitl campaigns. 

The "Test House" was certainly a very gnoleftriuely 
incong:ruoas pile of chimney-pot^?*, cowU, guttf^rs, drain* 



ptpe», omameiital tilej^, terra-cottii mouldinf^, teSj^etlatt^d 
puvemvuU. iwolvinjr hlmtturv, vcntilntors, wire feaces, 
irnprtiveK cooking*8tove8» curing latclif^t^, putirnl bolU, 
and door-haiidlen " up-to-date. ' Hut it answered itt» 
puriKf!*e und wa» true to \U xta\ title, for oataidc 
4iid iiLi^idL' iXi^ walls idl tli;it iii^L*Liiou« iimm^fa^^turers 
could do to perti3ct ttio tlioruu^lily Briti^U inritittitioii 
known aa " comfort " could be applied aud tested. 

There wast nut, I think, any tlL-nnan nj^Liwrant 
in thi? gnmmU; but LlK^rc wen* pli'i^j iil" litvr gardensj 
the keepers of which were periodically harried iind 

t heckled by the Imperial ComraiaAioners. who» on one 
DccaHioiit to Atititily the ^'rct^l of tho KrijiicU fo/tcv«- 
W^4yrWr«v of scut», i«c]/iL*d all the chairs in the foreign 
m/t^v at one foil ewoop, wo tliat iht- unhappy con* 
suiners of Bavarian and Lager beer had to drink their 
liquor HtAndiug. An indignaUun meeting of tlie^e iiud 
QUl^ ftggriovi*d [K*r!*onH wjls hi-hl uiti^ evi^uiii^ in tht^ 
grounds, und L wa?* intensely amuflud at li^tcnin^ to 
the impassioned cratvry of one of the foreign ^rojusenf^ 

kee|>eri^, a ciertuin Baron B^ . Theie are )>erftOii& 

hIio, Z'» ill the case* of th^f two Alexanditi Duina^V, 
have been to me line« niimin^ punLllel but never 
meeting; Hod it hsw Iwen my fortune U) alight oiii><*opl»T 
per&onally almost strangers to me. hut whom 1 have 
oon&taotly met during a lun^^ ^urcecbion of year^, BuroQ 

B ■, of Belgian L^xtnictiun, 1 h^i^l met Jir^t at Sin 

Petersburg; years alterwanU I camt aeroj^s him Lit N<iw 
Yoric. Then ui^ain I found him ut Monaco Ou another 
oeewtion lie lunied up at Algiei%, aud in l^<17 I chanced 
on him in the (jhamp de SIai> ' 

aiiiots then 1 have Ih-cu avraii- of liim at Con* 
fttantiiiople un<l at Monte Carlo, and 1 nni ouly ania}:cd 
that i liEive not coid'.^ a*;ros3 hiiu at San Fnmcif^co, at 
Honolulu, in AitHtmlia, or in India. Whoii I moot 
liim, he studceH hands, an<l observing " f'omnn' ok jte 
rmvti/iUf'!* sniih'K, hoiv*, and (h'jj;u'ts. Ili- hiw played 


'5 Ltn AS'D ADves^rrnss. 

many portal; \w tiag 1)«^n to my kiiowlod^ » twi^aitiGc 
tmveller, a ^lovi'-Luyer JV>r u finn of Muiicli<*sU>r wure- 
hou^enieu in St. Paul's (liurchyard, the miLDager of 
a inu!(ir-bjill, an ;i^i>iit fur u inanuljtcLiirer of iM^ivuig- 
muchinc5> anil tlit' kei^pur <y\'i\ f/nuMi^ri''. 

Uf the ^iit-iMl €>.)tltcltt^ ^f tbe Kxhibitiuii I iorbeur 
to m\' aiiytEiifiji; in detail. Were 1 tt> enlarge on the 
wonderti uf ait and industry diF^ptayod in this colo^al 
h^ixiiar, I should bo UTitin^ rlUnmJly ^iictoiit hintoj'y ; 
ami, bo»i(lr*. tb4' glorii.-t of thr SccmihI Frt-ndi Kv|>f»ctiti4ni 
Temple have be«n eclij)S4>d by tbutse oF tbe Tbiixl jLi\A 
Kmiitlj, all i>£ wlitcb, 1 suppose, will again have to pale 
their fires before th^- ^pl*'t^dou^ of tbe next Unirer^t 
Kxhibitioii in Pam whiob thu world \^ |itoini«ed or 
thre;itetied with. Still, certain things took pl:ice be- 
tween May and Otlober which it waa my buHinetis to 
cbn^nioli", ;tiid recuiTence Ui which may not be uninterm<t* 
iiig, T w;tH [ir4-9u^nl ai tltc ihHl.riiiiitiitn of pri/.r> by 
NajK)]f.-c»n ill., a ceremony which took pluoe in the 
Palai>i dc riiidustric in the Gbamps flXyCdo^. In Xh<; 
eio^ptiinmlly bnlliunt company gathered round tho 
Knipr-ror on tbis wcuBion va^n- the Sultan of Turkey 
(Abdnl A^cix), tbr Priiice of WuK'>;, Princ»; HuiuWrt of 
Savoy (imw King of It»ly). the Crown Prince of Prussia, 
Prince Louis of lleKse, the Duke of Cainbriilge, and a 
Kon of the T^coE>n of Japan. Th(? ehiot 4laLighter of 
(jucen Victoria of Kn^lund (the Crown Princess of 
IVussitt) was aW in that supcTb ^itbcrinf'. Tbcro 
were two pR-tty incident*^ during the proceedings— fir>;t 
the treniendoufa applause which gi'eeted the concession 
of (ir;ind Piizt'^i, fhst. to hi* Majeaty NajMjb'ou III, ^ 
the doijjni-r uf tlwellju^^ for bnc working cla8M*» — a 
pize which was gracefully accepted on belnilf oC hia 
pajta by the Prince Imperial; and next the storms of 
plauditR on the* part of tho Frent^h whicb atreompatiied 
thf^ betiitowal of a Orand PrjTie on M. tVrdinaml do IjOi- 
%vi]j», thi^rnlorprising promoter of tlu' Snest Canal. Poor 


pt;oi>l« ! poor pvo}>li:7 ! The disiribution of piiJ^ca ^vos 
to be followed only tlirce years later by Sedan -, and the 
8t<gucl to Suez wan t^> be PaoaTim. 1h it trite, isitjejane 
to <]Uot« ill tbu connection tito inoun^ful wui-ds of Uray ? 

AiiihiUon Uiia ^x\\ t«mpt to rue. 

Then ivhirl thi' urtftcb from bigli. 
To tiin^'i Soorn Ji HanTiMr*^. 

And gHtining IiifAiny. 

And tuinL Uiikiniltit^u' uJttT'd «yn, 
ThftI rM<>E*1eit tht* t^uir it forcoJ lo flow; 
And kouu lU^hiOnso witb Mooii t]rfile<l, 

Aiitl Euood/ MmltiPH Jnughiiij- wiUI 
Aril ill »'V<-iV'tt wac. 

'riie ups-aud downs of tiiim nnd wt^iiiankind that I 
Iiav« sMii dtirin;; Ur' lost forty y<*ars ! Koyalr Imperial 
crowns won and lost ; picked up from tbe gutter or 

G'lfered (n>ni tlie rlu;bt ownerK; beg^ups set upon lioi-sts 
cfe to iw? wfterwaruH ttltrd mit i»r tlK- ^adilk- iiml nulled 
iatbi'tnud; s[»Gculat<^rA bailed one* dtiy na bcnefuctonf 
of tbcir spuoics.undthe nyxt day denounced us swindlers 
and iiii|k>»>itiiih ; republicn diKuiL^mbi^ivd and reunited; 
(Hrlly principal ilii*K ^w^lli^n into iujiny-Niilliifn-|KHrpled 
iiionai'cnii^:^ ; ('niwiii'd Minds uiid PriNid^'nts Jiitied uiid 
then as«4s«inutiHl; -wbat |iolitit.Ml uplieavul^ bavi.^ 1 not 
witnt-Med, wbat soeiul eruptioun have I not walchtnl? 
And all this while I have been tr;in<piiUy carnin;^ my 
bread by acribbliog " copy " for a new*(papeL'! 




Flimfciij't.— AmmiJl <mi ih" Tmt Aivi^Uil^t IK— Tflnl of Uet«o»>ki— 
Malliv Amiti^'t D-'friit-p— Siwn uJ ftmwwBki in I Sft*— FntfLUoiu#t ■ 6ft»- 
:inL-l— A UitliUf at l{u>ntt>— 11lc Flirt CtDiLidu Luiixrmi' 

Tut. Evikibitiuii wu^ At its lieiglit whuii 1 tnivr)W4l 
froiD Ptuis to Tculon to witiie«fi the arriral oftlic Sultan 
Abdul A/'iz, and in a jourDalUtic ca|iacit)' accompauj 
i1io CoiiniiaiidcL' of tlie Faithful to Parity. Our rv^idt^Dt 
conu»Lpuiii]<^^iit in Hk' FivjicIi capital luul been for mme 
years Mr- P<^Hx Whitehurst.ii li^Ill luid |>lL^usiLiit writ»?r, 
whu was ulw^Lys au roirriDtf witli cvi^rjUiiug thnt wiL» 
paciHing in the jruHtical and fajihioiiaMt' vrm-li), and whofi« 
conversation 1:1 pnv&te iifi< wii.h lull of gay ^evHifimi' and 
pleiuiant unecdotc. He wil» a nmu who always looked ou 
the euuny eidi< of thiu^'s ; his muin pursuit in life wan 
/ii ba^ak'Hv ; and I rymeuiher bis telliiig me onw tlia.t 
bis cmly trouble in the world was to get the seam of his 
Hillt ?itock)n^ prt-i-iM^lj in the iitrddli' uf thf vnM of liia 
leg \A\rx\ \\\', wa* drt^niiig fur a Court Imll An Imperial 
Court bull fjtcn a'fmtftf ; for tVlix AVhit*.'hur»t wa* in 
the b^.-st of guod gruct's both at the TuiltTicfi ami at the 
I'alais Royal, and wsh equaily a favourite with th© -Em- 
peror smd his cousin Prince Jerome Napoleon. Througli 
WhiU'hni-si's kindly itit^Tx^st 1 ohtutiun] jfi-niiissiun to 
travel cm boai-d th? T]n|irriii] train, and duly ^itni'sst^d 
th€ disenibarkatior of the Sultan, ^ho wa!t attended by 
a hiiwl of |>ashas. bryj*< ami elTendis, who for tli€ nonoe 
had relinc|uiRh<'d their orJimiry plain biaek single* 
breaftt«d surtontn and appt^an*"! in |*oi-j*oou« unir<^>mis 

8Ct.7AX Ayii T8An. 


with ^t»ld embroidery, Th« French '>tfldal to whom the 
iiBuijiuf^>[iK'iit of ttn.' jyiinH."y wiw f^iiinuUn] wok u wrluiii 
M, Charle* Filoii, sjxfcial tnivcllitiy courier i\3 tln^ 
Kinperor and EmnresH, and wlio^ 1 believe, had been iu 
the f'ervicc of Loum Na|it>leoii wht'u he wu* in captivity 
ill tbc fortiv^rt of Hi*in- I got tu Toulon siiMy. liuvin^ 
triivi>ll<-<l vui'j" comfortably in it coff/)^ with axv Imperial 
Vitt-ChainherhLin, but the next morning when the 
e\|rre«Ti htartt-d for Pari*, T staved tidking wiili a fnend 
iHt tiif- ^Antfnrut ;ind sinbk'idy um-. t.niiu be^Ltu lo innvr. 

"Jin roiinrr! I'n coifitrr f" cxchiiTiiLHl a guard, giving 
mc at the same time a fricndiy push. There wna on 
ojicn door; aud through that door I stuniblEtd into ;h 
J]rst-ola«s carriayjf in which then^ wan fortiinntoly one 
vacant *t*at. lu a (vw niinutoi^ aft^rwordu T discoverod, 
first to my horrtn", and a^xi io my aniuiiement, and even- 

L iu^ly to niy edilication, that I Inul fallen jnnung flunkeys. 

" My seren travidling com]Minionri wert* four Imijeiiul 
fuotmcn, Uiv body-survant» of thr Mur4|nit<deUal]ifct,an 
a^ti^fjint cook at th^' Tiiih'riott. and a Oourt hairdrejistr- 
What would the illufetrioua ehronicler»^ of the sayinijs 
and doiDKti of Mr. Jeames Yellowplush and Mr. 
Smawker liiivi* git'vn t*» liave heen thi* i'iirri[>iunc>ns or 
thf- in t^-r locator* uf thi.'x; t-miiienb cireaturL^A in jiuwdcr 
and plush? There were no second- or tbird-c]a?is 
eompartments attached to the train; so that wa** why 
the Jacqueycj, the cook and the hair-dreswer, travelled 

They werv- all i-ery pi>lite to mi-, and, in u [ti?*tiv0 
M-use, were very yood fellows ; but never hjul it been 
niy lot to I'naninter a squad of rtnch shamijIt^NM 
nn&rauder^k iUi UKr>e Jltnikeys turned out U\ hi\ tin 
charge Wifcfi niudi: for rL*ircshmcnt^i at the Ltiff^-fa on the 
line, and at Lyons, at Mun^eillo^^. and at Nice the liveried 
dacoitB swept everythinj^ edible and jwtabh? beti*re them. 
They ate and drank afi much ixa ever thf>y iHmld, and 
c=irned off with th^^m aa much as th**ir pockets and 


tiAI^\S L:FE and M>VtSTUkUS- 

Ww'w Imtd^ i>mkl earn,', BottK-* of winr. coM picft, 
ciyart, coW rotittt fowU, cukc!* of t^onp and flu^kt^ ofwiu- 
d^-cologiie (rom the di-e&siug-i'ooinfi— nothing came 
umis^ to ttiefio freebnotvri*. Their conversation wa* to 
ine tlrliglitfnl J ;uiil r«v liitiy ! w»i>i Iktn tu d^iifi-ss timt 
tli^re wafi not ouc* t(Jiii:)i uF pxuggerat!o£i m tiie pjcttirirs 
(jf llunkej?- dnovn by Dickens and Thackeray. 

\Vu lilt Toulv>n Alt livo in the uft^rntjon and halted 
at Lyons nt early tnoming. Our sUy wa& of three- 
(ju^rtt'i^ uf Aik hour durutmi ; for ix f^uod mi^nv thiu^ 
had to be donL*. There was tlie inevitable r^y^ jtw fait 
to bf-gin witli; and I j^romiati yon that ray fnend?i the 
fltiiiki^jh did mtt iiniii f.n hmf «i> nmiiv htmps M sugsur n» 
they L'ould stMrixtf. Then n Turk in u fez ran wUdly 
to and fro on the plntfomi exclaiming that \m Highness 
the Sultiin rofjuirfd n foot-batli- Tht-re would not 
oplJiur to huvL' been t:iieh an iu-tik-'lu :uiulrtbl<t ^it Uie 
LyonK ti.'nij in us ; hut ^ convt-nivnt i^ubt^titnt^ for a Mn 
tlf jjirfh WHS fi.mnd in a large soup tureen. Eiv wi- left 
the ^t£]1uln T lieiml one nioiv dt'Heiouft utleranire of 
l!unln'ji>ni. One of my ft'llow-tnivelh'rs a#lced what 
had Ix-conif k>\ 'Gatlik-t.' "// rV ttf frtiUr replied 
another lacquey, " dc cirt-r A** fjotfrn dr: i^tt AoMmi^" 
Poor HarqUL^ Je Gullifct ! Moli&re was outdone. " Loe 
Pr^cieu)«(*«^ Kidiculea " had l>cen improved upon, the 
man had bfcoine the marquis and tlie nkanquU the 
maiu Jodelet and Ma^canlle hud coiue b.) life again. 

And su no more uf the Sultan Abdul Atiz, whose 
cventuid fate it was to be deposed nnd soon after- 
wiirdH to die hy his own hand. I never eet up oev a 
political prophet; hut in the cuac of thi« pttrticular 
PiidiKh^ih I hazarded a prt^diction which by the tttranget»t 
orat'cidc'uti; wun vurified by thti tveiit. when the news 
of his deposition reiiched Knglimd, I wiis writing 
my wet^ltly mge uf paragraphs entitled " Kchoes of the 
Week," in tne Ilhmti'afr'd London A'^'Wfc ; and in one oC 
these paragraphs I remiirked that the mirfortnnefl of 



Abdul AniK nii^Iit |)oafliWv culminiiti" in "hcifvwrade/' 
It Wiia witb u paiT ofhrieisors, Ijijmiwtd from Inw inothcT 
tn trim hift bour<L ivitlial, U»it tlio Sultan AMul Aziz 

AnotlK>r iiii-iiiorakle event toi>k place during the 
Kx|H>sition M-RA4>n. Karly in June the Tsitr AL-^cundir 
IK «f lEn^sia vi>it*"tl Pans, On llip fitli of Jinic, wtiilp 
ctriving in tin* Cluunp.^ ti\ys6c». tlic Autocriit w'as fired 
at bj^ a luilf cnizy Pok called BcrcKowski, whose 
weapon wus a Iialf-woni-out borse pUfcol, Tln^ biiliet, 
hovvev«r, did find a billet; it wounded in tli^ uOHtril 
tlu- horye riddi*n hy M. R^iiinlijLult, inw f>\' i\\<.' Iin[it'nii1 
etjiU'iriL-s in atU^rKUnt^t< on the Thiir. Tln^ wuuld-he 
a>tia5siQ was at occc sei^-cd by a crowd ot detHfictives in 
pla^ia clotheji, who during tbf S<h^ihk1 I'hnpiri' aiwjiya 
chi«t«red thickly round tbi> curria^^ctt of Inipcrml and 
Royal pcwoQi^rt??;, A four-wluvlod cub was haiU^I, 
Bcrezowski wan tbnifit into it by thi*ee fn'r^rnftt <fif 
ti/lt% whilt' at k'lust a Ju^eii police agi^ut^ bung on be- 
hind, K.iL on ttif* \nt\ itv sprawled iin tbt> t^Kif of ihe 
vehicle I Wits piv-*ciit a isbort time iiftcrwarils at tlic 
trial uf tb<; 3cmi-denHnti"d I'uic. wbicb took pIncL- before 
the Court of Assize^ of tho Seine. Cards ol admission 
wi'H- exti"emely difficult to procure, ewn by jouriMlL>t«i; 
hut yAiJi Wbitehurat made intcrciiit with the Minister 
of Jiii^tiee and pmeuri'd in** tin* innrli-nivf/U^il fielii't 

Tbe court wa^i cmwded almost to huHiK-aticn ; and 
it waa a broiling July day. Berezovrski waa brought 
into court juid HCittc<] hetwt^eii two geniirmea on th« 
hitnr ftfA fti'cttfi^-H, He waj? u little, fihrivelkd, bird-faecd 
man with a cropped b«^ad of liair and ayillowi^b coin- 
ple^ioQ. His aiterr'vi^;itory by tbe President of the 
Tribtimil was iiiil particularly riisirntrtivr ; M[jev bi- 
jyKjLe very kid Kremli, ami in alMLo>L inaudible tont^i. 
One of hiH replies, however, I nian<\gi^d to beiir He 
-said that he had been driven to eoTnitiit his sanguinary 
eriine thn^ugb ftt Miwf' ,- that is the reasi-n you will 

4!*2 SAIA'S Ui'r: ASH AhVksrvtiBs. 

remomber tlirit Fi^uro, in BcuunmrcHiueV conio<l^, ad* 
duced for tunimg barlwr 

But Bere3t(»w>ki's iilea in exieuuatioii of hU criine did 
nut liy nnj' nn-iiiist Mnt tin* tumli, or ratlier the briel', ol 
the jinsguor » clutjutMit, nltliougli «oii)<^vhlint dtagej'. 
advocate, Maltre EmmaDud Arugo, who, vrlicii \m tuni 
camo to rejily tu tho couiitel for the pruik^cutioii, 
delivered a liHig and violent tirade against the dee- 
potism, the cru«it7> and the treachery of Russia, 
especutlly with rrgniil to PhIjiiu) Hi- ^tpnkt' nf HilwHa, 
and the kiiuiit: of Pohsli jjiii^cesjtcjs chain<.'d to wheel* 
barravTft, and I'oliah counts slaving in the mioes; he 
dwelt on the red-herriojf torture, the clectricbattery 
torturo, the hairdrownin^ tortnr*', ajid other amenitic6 
of B«>«iiui criminal juri^ipnidi'nee ; :ind tln^^^drnwiiig 
hiniKt^lf lip U\ lii» full lioight uiid adopting i\w trick, 
cutuiiioii jit tlip French hiii\ of pidiiiig np the vufT of 
hix unat until about eight iudie* of shirt-sle«v€ were 
rcYCalt'd, htr tfnindereJ forth; " Ye,'*, M. J<- Pi\-t*ideat, 
yt'S, w/rWf'H/fl /rfl jfift^, i\\{i wictchod man iu thc 
dock had two n;othcri^ \ nc propn* were iw<\ hu^ beloved 
native country; imd the Tsar of Hu>isia has outraged 
tlieiu Ijoth ', fur HereKowsIciV motiii^r died it( \ir\d, :uid 
the ]'!<'h> Kni|i['n>i' hjis iinii'dr-R-d PuIhikI. * 1 vraui 
sitting closi^ tu the Jury-box when this startling 
peronitiou Vk-ns pronounced , and 1 heard one of tlic jury- 
men remark to his next neighbour: '" Aj/ri^ ec» 6cuf9 
/laro/t^H Ja tiUv itit mnthi'iuvnr if four&cra ptvi" Nor 
after the " beautiful wonls " utWred on hit Iwhulf by Iiis 
cifUTisel did the hnul uf IVrezowikl fall heueatli (he ax« 
of the ^uilh:»tiue. A ?tyiji|mthiising jury delivenrd Jl 
vtTdict of {^ilty with eAteiiuutin^' i^imiiiiiiUince^, and 
the I'oh^ woe sentenced tu [khiuI w.rvilude for life. 

It happeiied tluit iii 18S6 I wm telling llu' story oJ' 
hi>i tn;d in a lt>cture which I delivered at Sydney, 
Xew South Wales; and when I canie to the veixlict of 
the jtiiy a voice from the tutddle of the Iwiil oned 

ont ; " T saw Bcrc-Kowski la^t week . \ie is empIoj-eH i\s 
an assistant baker at L'llo Nou." The next day ttic 
owu«r of the voice calloti on me, and he turin^d out 
to Iw Her BriUninc Majesty's Consul at Noumea, in 
Xew (Vledotnii Oik' would have thought tliat, at the 
dovrnfdl) of tlie Sceoiiil Empire, tlir Rn|uiblit*;ui Ouverii* 
meat vn> LI hi have liberated Hen-j^Mwalsi ; hut. tliry kqjt 
him in dunioCL* froiti ISO? to H8(5i and. for augbt 1 
know, he lutijr be hakiiig bread for the convicts at 
L'lle Nou now. 

One ha<l to work pretty hard as a special cor- 
respm^detit in those day*. It wiis live o'clock befuro 
i\iVr vr*nliet wiv^ delivered; and it was ten p.m. befiire, 
without either bite or sup, but with the aid of mudt 
tobacco, I had g^t through three cohmtn.^ of copy* I 
drove down \n a victoriit to the ehl Oencral Po*t 
ORioe in the Rue Jean Jaoques Rju^tteuu^ to post my 
!etU*r rayseir ^o that it ^koiild be in time for Uie 
morning niiiil; and I was in such a hurry to pkce tile 

[iaek*'t i]> the h'tU^r-Uit, Jind I jinn|>eil mi suddenly 
roiiL the carriage, thnt the Mtitinel on <luty wavjc 
olurmcd, and, pregentiutf bin bayonet at me, cried 
meuiicin^'ly : ''(^i/i vwi'? ' I explained nnitters to him, 
but my exphtnation did not ^eem to satisfy him ; and, a 
aff^rat d*' villr ootnin^f up, the sentinel — ii little, ?ittinted 
cr<-atiirt* in si blue (^fLiit coat, and with haj^gy crliuKun 
trouMers tucrked up under his white giiiU^rrd nhoe*— 
accused me of a?it^aulting him, I bad only Irisbtcne<l 
liim. Fortunately I had my papaport and acMao 
vi^itin^ eardft with me ; nnd the Mff^f^nf rte tillf^ 
chancing to be a sensible fi^llow. Uwle me ^o about my 
hu«inew<, lan^hinj:^ at the sentinel, who h>ukM ivruark- 
ably like st monkey t bad onee ^een on Iticlimoud 
Hill bestriding a Newfoundland diig in the charge 
of a (jerni<4o showman. I wonder tliat the little 
man in the t\A troiijtcrs did not charj^e the ^'^tyeni 
de tUh, but jK^rhaps his ruu«ket and bayonet were toy 


nZA'S hJFH AKh AtiyKyTifB&^, 

heavy for liini to make ^ci^nt tise of tiiose Wtltal 

" C*>iDe to Erfurt," wrote Nupolwn ttii* Greai 
1*1 Tiiliiia the trage(]ian. "and jou ftlinll play before 
u pitfiill uf kiugs." 'J'hc* front row of the (Stalls. *<> 
to *i)nik, ut tlic Gniiiii Tliiiiilre of the ParLs Exhibition 
of ISdT wufl [till of CTOwncd heads unci bviret to 
thrones. In addition to the lloyaltiys I bavo already 
nu^titioned, the I'Vnch nietvonolU was vi^it^d botwfi-n 
May Hnd XovmiU-r h\ ihi* Kiti^'S <if OnTCt-, Utdgimn, 
aifd Swrdcn, Uinail IWha. Vii'i^r4>y ■►f I'-irypt, wii*t ait^o 
a i^ucst of the KinjK^ror NapolcoD. Soi^o ycAVs 
aiU'rwtiidfl I dined in the company of Isiaail'-»ot 
bankrupt, but dejw^ed mid ba.tiUhf;d — at the Gumok 
Olub, Lortd^ui. Th»> K[n[H>n>r Fmnci« JoAie|>h of Austria 
wtUB auothcr poU-ntato who viiniwl tlii* u«^>iii>«biD]^ 
jd^ow and rujLiyed llic Iic>»pil,»li1y of t'»'Sfir. Moniioti 
of the visit oF Ihr Crowji I'liniie uf Pru^ift. after- 
wiin]?« William 1>, ni>vi^nth Kin^ itt' rntikiia anj lti>t 
GeniJiin KmpLTor, I Imvc reserved fur the ln«t. That 
ebivalrous sovereign was born iii 1797- He began 
hiH military training when he wa^ quite a child; &itd 
In tiLs fourU'eath }ea: ]u* wa« promoted to Uie rank 
of seeiind lii-utenjiTLi. Tn ISI^ he ^vas iLppitinted 
aide*dc-cjmp to his father at the jillit^d bead-qnnrt^fm 
at iVaiikfort-on-thc-Muin, Jt ia not at all unlikely 
that the young prince cuught a diatunt view vf 
Na)>olpon the Oivat at LeipKio 

The hit<^ Uuchohs of Catnhridge had a clear n- 
nu-ndinum* of sei-irj^ NapoU-on in 1813 tiukiinti^l on 
bi^ white charyir Miiniigif. At all events, il is n 
matter of history that the Prince of Prussia, as a 
lad of iieventeen, entered Paris with the alliei* in 
ISH. Niitarully lie would have ken present at the 
reception ^^iwu at thu Tuilerie* by the restore King 
of France, ioui* XVIII. As naturally he would have 
ga^ed on the Arcli of the Carrouitel, then adorned 



Willi nmrbli' i»fngk»» ot 8I^Uli^N■s itl" tin? t'lrnt Gmpire 
and surinoun tf?d bv the bmzeri lior.^eK of St. Mark, 
plundered by the armien of tli*^ Fivncb R<*[mblir IVnrn 
ViMiico; iukI most naturally would In* liavo ridden up 
tbt' CiiAiup^ Elys(k\s iind inspected thiit Arcb of 
Triampb Jt tlip [!^tt>i]e widcb Napoleon I. had plAimod 
to coiiimeraorate the victories of hi* Ipgions^ bat 
wbi;-b vm not finiLlly complet^nl until i\w n^i^n of 
tbt' OrWni>t Monart^h. LoiiLs PliJIippr, f\t(» is 
Dotbing if not ironical. The? I'ruasian I'lince, who 
ia hia youth had witnessed the downfalt of the 
conqueror and <iiiptive of the i^arfcli, mal euterud hiM 
C&pital with tho KOVtreJ^ns of fruT^sia, Uu^siu, und 
Austria, and our own Wellington — who was to be 
the honoured guest oC tht- Tlnnl Nitpoleou in 18(17, 
was defilitied in IS7I t,o rid« onoe nion* niidt-r tin.' 
rnoTinuient of the Etoile at the head of the 
irioua German armies, t'l tind the dyuEisty of tin- 
bpart«fl in i\\c dust, und to listen haughtily to 
terms of poaco sued for by a Repnblicnn Government 




An KTwntion it hljiiH«tffn*— l^nril Mtynr Atlm KtA hi* Chiriot— Tl* QiwWt 

5T.<it4i ritrijutw— Thfl Ckirk-inift^ll ?-tplo*irtri— Th*' Kimi I[j<t» tit iKiut— 
Bni'lmTiimt jinl Ti>»lk-mu) X]u- Old I'l^niLi' -Thr- 7'inhhinnf< fUinunt nsd 
his rriondu, 

I iiM) Iwcn nhnciit from Knglarul for nearly two 
years wlicn th? Exposition ended ; and wan jjlmtl 
enough to get back to London, and to the comforts 
of homo and club lifr. Wc riid not, however, choose 
London as our abodo ; but took a pretty lioofio on The 
Terrace, at Putney, over ji^iiingt the "Eight Boltfl " 
Tavern, Uoth Tlie T**rrare and the tavern havo lon^ 
suv't' hi*(Mi (1i<inol!^hi-d ; and the hist liniv that I 
»trotlcd through Piit]if*y [ found the hei-etofon? quiet 
little village transformed into a bustling sabur!) of 
quite liietropolitau brilliancy in the way of ahopa; 
and 1 ^ught in vain for »n old-fashioned Tudor or 
JacoiK^fLU hous*>, with many window*, which manHion, 
it is Krtid, Imd b<.'c?n iubabiti'd during' the Civil Wars 
by Oliver Cromwell. Ubiquitous Oliver! If tradition 
Ls to be truAted, hi* mufit have bad as m&uy babttAtionN 
iia he had heiid^. 

I hiiYu i^ood rcnson to remember the late autumn 
of 18fi7; fiintso I wtu i^nt down to Maidfitone to wit- 
ness the first execution under the provisions of the Act 
for ubolUliin)^ public executions. It is a dijiagrcit:\hle 
tojiic to ^riHirh upon, and T am di^iutr1iiit*J t^ recur 
to it here iit any length. 1 may just say, nevcrtheleswi, 
that 1 waa accompanied on this dismal errand by two 
joumaliatic colle^ues and old frienda, Mr Kdmund 

run cLtittKt?\'\\KLL t<:xvLo>iioy. w: 

TateflE and Mr. Joseph Clmrler* PuikiiHoii- We <;ucli 
wrote a OuthfLil nairativo of the ftociio at Miiidstono, 
u-Lioli was a tmfficii'ntly sickening one. and we were 
nil abused for Imving simply done our duty. 
Oddly enough, I received in ihi^ aiiiuinn nf lliis pn-w^ni 
jrcar of grace, l^j91, a letter from an umiitFi^ur uuij^ntpli 
collector, who mcntioncil, umou^ other things, tbat 
lie wufi the pos^eaeor t>f an u,uto^raph ktter of mine, 
addressed to the editor of a provincial newppapcr^ by 
which com munt cation, he &ti\d, he ^tii vomiT tttorOn I 
Ktvc :l copy of it; iimKiniR'h iu thf* docuiiK'nt rnitv 
w considered us n contributiim bjwiinlH thiK c^indid. una, 
I hope (errors excepted), nnxlt^st Apokjgy for my Ijife. 

Ds4U %ta,^{ lx*g to (bclcnowl^iIgH ii^i;iil|)i of }'<>iir tittia. I hm 
Bol a rtiporUir; aluI wore auch n»^ V(K*Mioii J could t\.<*l wiita 
ttnjtlmi;; of >t jourii^itJAti^^ tmiun; saro for Um iit^Aap(|ji^r tu wliK'h 

ft gr^ftt [D«Ji^ 4.^x«iLuUoiut m my^ tioie; und* wjum ftiur y«*ani Hinx-, 
tttt>io fta iiL^uunt in the DaUtj 'i'tUyr'tph of ilju liLiil pnr&tc 
tfji^cuiiuii ut MjiiJnu>im, I LUiirnuftT'r uiuUc uji my jiiLud iii?v«r 
to Hritn^Ht JiFJuUmr hnngin^- : tinil, Wcuuso l\ui fptfotiick- at Mai^ 
«t6n« niAde mn i.iGk ; and ncit, bt^caune I was very fiully abused 
in tbe Hnturda}/ fCeview nikd Liio i'a^^ j1/(i/^ (^(utTfJe on acQiniut uf 
the aiiiTuUv« 1 wrolv, 

The atnHe of which I speak was nkanifehtly 
pn>mptt><l hy mere nr^wt^pitpfi' j<^aIousy and f^pite. Mr, 
Vati*J*» ilr. i^urkinaon, luul I wrro dubbi-d ""j^houl^/' 
''vampires" "men with muck raki*s/* and the like, 
merely because we drew a faithful picture of a novel 
and ghastly occurrence. But no one had revik'd 
Dickons wln^n, t\A an amat^mr, and not pn>fe4.^oi\- 
ally, he uthMuh'd tliM cxrcutioTi <>F rinirvuinirr 
Nobody quarrelled witb Thackeray when, t'c[ually 
ttDpix>fe88ional]y, he witne^^^ed an elocution ut the Old 
Batloy, and iti Frmt^H Ma^rt-iae* wmte an artiele called 
"Qoing to Sc<! a Maa Haugod/' Finally, nobody was 



JC6 siuvj urs Aso dDyt:^rtrHKH. 

shodced wbvn Iiip;Wsl»v ^tlu* |iM'ti(1i>n^'rn <>r icIi'Tvymwi 
of tbe Church uf En^laud, rniiid you) wrote th^ piiem 
about My Lonl ToniuocWy in flrjr//^^*« .^fi^crffajry. 

T sec in my diary two evetits which iM:curn*(] 
toivATds the clo5« of IS(i7, L>oth of wliicli caU for u 
few word* oi comment. Ou the 9th o£ November 
tlic anur^ual, and. I should my. almost uoiqu^', ^ight 
was [iresriiled to tl>e multitude gathered iogitthf^r to 
witn<^s the Lord Mayor's Show, of the (JhieE Ungts- 

trnh.' pr ndfiiy from Hinldhnll Ui thp Lawr CotirU 

lit \V<*^tTiHi»jitjer in a sim|ik' chiiriot, chocolate iii hue 
A third of London wils iLTuazrd ; another thinl 
wiifi honiliecl ; and the ronmimii^r Uughe^l iit tin- 
elimination of the timohonourovl StuLo- carriage fn>ni 
ttifl prtxreMtfion. Tlid Lord Mayor who ventured on 
this hold iniiox'ation wiis Mr. W. H- Allen, a mt^mber 
of a well-known firm uf pwljlishers in Watt-rK>o PhiC4> ; 
and Ki^ atit^on in e-xchidiiig the old-r;u4hini»ed mldc^^] 
urk on whi^L^Id from Uiv pa^^t^uut wik« not, I aliould 
mj. proniptfld by any (irling of pL^Luriou^bcss, but by 
the conviction that State- couchefi, Gog and Magog, 
men in armour, tlie banner of the lats CountE'fs of 
Kent, Mr ('Omnion Hunt ai^d the Wator BuililTs 
Yniirii^ M:ni. wen* ^niU*sipic ftIm1'll^ll^iKmfi tvliirli 
might wrli be improved ufl' the fafip of the I^ord 
Mayor's Show. 1 was not, and am not, of Mr. 
Aldirman Allen's way of thinking. Uooducss preserve 
UK from tiK' day when there will bo no Lord Mayors 
SIiow, no vmi of the Cliivf Mspr^trate nnd hi!; tntin 
to the Liiw Courts, and no fluiUhall hamjtiet! Al! 
these jkinipliernalia may hf practieaUy without Ti»e, and, 
Ui somt' I'xtent. t^tiildiNli , but they sei'^e to remind u» 
of nn historic past, dignified, picturc'squc, nud ;;nmdiosc ; 
and ! would no more ulwlish Gog ami Magog, and 
the rest of the medi?evai properties o£ tJie Dth Xovamberi 
than I would oall for tlio supprpssion of tbe Queen's 
DoffpaU^rs ;incl tho (^'nt]emi*ri-;it-Ainis, ur ^ive the 




jowcr of IiccPMiig— or rvfitaiii^ l4> Iiecii»'^the Royal i 
It4)iaD Opcm to the Lcndon County Couucit fl 

By tile way, it. it; worth while markinir tin* Ewt ^ 
thai >uch tif i»y ri*ail^rs a» Iiave nut Le«>n favounsl 
witli R cun) of ailiiiiiufioii for tli«f lloyHl iUahlt^H 
at DuckiDghaiD Talacc. and are not l<?ss, say. 
Uarty-Bve yeat% of age. have never seen the Stuli- 

rria^ of Her Majeflty <^ueen Victoria, The equipn^- 
in which Hl^r Majei«ty ro<le from Euckingham Pnlace 
Ut Wt'stiniusUr AhWy on the joy<iu« ihiy of tbe 
Juhilt^ wiu a "dresfi*' mtriage, with glass iui|»^r 
patH'ls hut it was nut tlift Ruyal State- carriage, which 
dalrn frotn the* year i7fi2, itnd w;ls ilcsigned by Sir 
William Glianibcn^ the tuchitcot of Somerset Hou^r, 
and painted with allegorical designs by Cipriani. 
Tliis j;or;;eous couch eost ei^ht thousand pounds^ Some 
uf the new jouraalii^tA wbu di^-serihod the Jubilee pro* 
^9i)4Kin, hu.*«t<'nL'i1 to iiiEMnn llu-ir i-i^udf-m tliat ilio ^^^i^''^^^ 

cu|>iL-d the Stjttt'-t'i»rriiij{e, wliicli was *iniwii " by right 
Uaaovcriau ponien/' Ponies, forsooth ! — they were 
horses of the old Hanoverian »tud breed; and it should be 
remembered thnt Nai)oleoii L, wii<;n he rieized llanovor, 
t4K>k away a nniiiber of tht' croinn-culouivd stoi^<ls from 
th« Koyal mews Uiert* to Paris; iind that to hin Stati*- 
carriai^, lit his corouiLtion. ^]^ht cream-coloured horses 
were harnessed. The PiiriHiiUj^ rallied them A* chntinr 
m/i Hit Utif. Their abduction by Uie Corsicaa UMir|H'r 
■u irritated Ueorg<r IIL that, imtil the fail of Jjoni;- 
part«, in 1S14, iho Kin^^ of Ku^lauJ's carnage, whoii 
he upen<rd or prorogUL^d i*arliamcnt, was dr^wn by 
black horses 

It was uu the Uth Deceinh^^r, 1S(17. that, just 
1 wa»i about to re^turn to Putney, at the rjul cf 
my day'd work. I wna itit<:rccpted ut tlie Waterloo 
tmninu^i by a uiinblt; messenger from tlic JJatfy 
TeUgrapi office, who told me that an explosion haJ 
bak^n place at tb« Cl^rkenwell Ilouae of ])et«ntJoii, and 


that 1 vrafii to repair thither at oDce. 'Ihe swiftr^t 
of hftn^oms conveyod m^^ to thi? prison. It iriu ni^ht- 
MI when I arrivod at th^ Hoiwe of D^t^ntion, There 
was a slronjj cortfoM of police romid the scene of the 
e<p]osMiti tio kt'i-|i iifT th<* nioh ; hvil. tlii' liiHpi^rlon« im 
<liit^ knrw who I wax, itiirl ullowifl rn*^ i<j |»flu^s. My 
Aye ligflitcd on the fttran^t^st oE Apectacloe. All the 
oellB in the prison w<*re lightt>d up; the Wiill iii front 
wan onn great black mii^, in the middle of vrliie)], 
lo?r down, thcp^ was a huffc cavity, throuj^i which 
you Ci>u!d descry tho fjiw lamps in tht- prison yiinl. 
The flchrix of tlmt yawning clia.siii in the \v;ill had 
formed a high inniuid in Corporation Lane; and on 
the top of the hillock of broken ijiicks i^tood Captain 
Kyri^i Miiawcy Shaw, dirt'ctin^» witli \\\>i u»nal ooolnc!*^ 
and <Jccision< the operations of the fironnMi. 

There ^^-as a strong detaclnnent of the Scots Guards 
<wi the ground- The explosion was a madcap attempt on 
the |ifirf of thf- tVninitK t<i lihr*nd(' m int*fidi<*r of lludr 
fmi^fcTon who wufi oonfinccl, on n-mnndj in tin? Uonm 
of Detention. The only eye-witness o( the outrage 
wa,"! a boy, who wan ^tandins. about four o'clock in 
tl>e aftvmoon, in front of No, 5, Corj»oratton Lane» 
whon lie wiw a hirgt* hitrrtd close lo the wall of tlw 
prison, and a man leave the b»rr*'l :ind crosH tliu ixiud. 
Shortly afterwards the ntari returned with 'a squtb in 
his hatid, which hf thrust into the harrer Home other 
lx»ys had gathcrt^d ruiind, and one was smoking; and 
he handed the man a li|;ht, whicli the rceipient applied 
to the squib, Whpn lie saw that the fiquib wa* 
beginning to burn, he ran away, A police c-onstable 
ran afVr him; Hnd whiui he arrived opposite Xo. 3, 
" th<' thing wfiit off" Tlieiv weir several [leople in 
the street at the time, and pliiying childreii. The 
explosion blew down several houses, and bma:4bcd most 
of the ooEirse ^Ia»« panes in the windows of the prieon; 
and the r<>»uTt9t of the outrage to the unoffending 


Es of Corporation I^an^ were most shocking, 
of forty pecpl^t men, womoD, ukI chUdreo, 
wtn? moTf or Icsi Mvercly injured ; and wven w^n? 
killed, ooe <m th« »pat ; while the remaiDdiT died fn>m 
their woonds. 

I Itaul jBUonl through the rofiha of police eafiity 
ciiou|;fa , bat to ^t bftck to Fleet Street w»s a matter 
of coDAidenbte difficult;. The crowd n-as enoimous, 
ud the poUoG^baturallj. coald not tell friends from (oes> 
or Peniaiift from joaraalbt:^ ; but cuffed and buffeted 
all the a««eo)bbf*e» imp»rtLaIly I iiutuif*e<t, howerer, tu 
get clviif Ut the detachment of GuunU, wlio Vi<*n' tn^rrh- 
ing away from the scvneof the explosion, and tMlini; thi^ 
officer in comnund whu I wils, he good-naturedly allijwed 
me to " tail on. ' so to speak, to the detaclmient ; and at 
the rtcftdy pace at which the soldiers were miirchiu^, we 
were soon clear of the crowds, and I was frt»e io make 
nay way to Fleet Street aud write a description of what 
T had %^iTii- Tlie Fenians; »u»peet4*d uf having com* 
mitt^rtl, *>r of 1x*iog ivccomplicp» in» the CIrrkeuwell out' 
rage were not tned until April, 18CS. but all were 
acquittcti ; with the esci^ption of one. Michael Bjin\'tt, 
who tt-a^ haiigrd in fnmt of the- Debtors' Uoor. Newgalv, 
i>D May 20th. This wu)^ the but public execution that 
took pliKv in England. The year 1807 hud cotue to 
an end with a very serious Fenmn scare : (»Uier t^I|)h^• 
siottA bad occurred, there WH^ givat public excitement, 
and nearly thirty tlioiiKand special confitabtrs were 
»wom to. 

Early in 186^ took place the uuuuul University 
Boat-race, and we bad u larg:e party of friend* U^ witneaa 
the cont^iit ;^nJ liincb m I'otiii'y. Among my gntwtft, 
if I rouu'uiber aright, were Mr John Lawrence Tt>olc 
Mr J. [laldviin Huckftfonr, thiii le^ce of tlif Hay- 
I nuu'ket. and aootlier well-known comedian. The parly 
eiyoyed themselves thorouijhly; hut on Toole making 
hi'4 app**arunci* in th** balcony to look at tlie motley 



groujii^ vrow<li»g th« Terrace, lie wa^ at once recu^^nit^*!^, 
luitl liiiul ciJU »viv niiulc oil liiiu fur It «pi>ecli — » r«.'qiK«t 
witlk \v1iicli, in his ].i»ual urbniie Tiiaiiuer, lie ut ouv^, 
aijd f«celiou*lj\ complied. Tbo<ie wert? da/h m wliicli 
tln^ very old British fatihiou of gi'tiU^^iUL^n drmking 
bmiKlj mid tvntcr culd uftt^r a ^ubstiuitiul h\u\Ai btid not 
entiivly vani^Ucd ; and tli*' iwtt actur-iuunatferii, di»daiu- 
ixig to watch the humours of the ^ddy throng without, 
or to jom ill tb^ perhaps rrivglous conver»adj>]i of tluf 
CDinpaiiy wtUiItt, boliHik ibi'iii-Helves t<i sfriuuK eijii fa^iultt- 
iiivu, aided hy li1>:i1ii>iiK of C(jld hmmly iiml wnt^r. It 
huppuDed that I had bi-ought with iiie Fnmi Panel a 
»iiial] jiarcet of very old and rare co^iaC' Indeed^it httd 
come from the colIait» of Napoleon I. The bott1c» 
vven- Idlwllc'd \*yV2 ; and tlie bntudy waK a pre»^ent from 
a dear, ile^^ai^d fmnd of mine, James Lorimer Grabam, 
of New York, Two buttles of iWtn precious brandy 
remained ; and uii^ I sel, with |jnf[» r ]>rii]f, iiffoTv ibf 
two actor-matmgtTft. From timu to time tbij were 
joined by other gueata, who lielpc'd them to dispose ot 
the cognac. Iteally j^ood brandy is a very powt?rful 
ma^n^t. In about another hour a secoucl bottle 
waat produced ; then Uh; two empty tln^L?; wuro w- 
muved ; and a third buttlB was brought, which, how- 
ever, they did ni>t more than half empty; auJ tlien, 
quite E40oer, and wiUiout appart-nily having " turnr^il a 
hair/* thc^y dhouk baiid» with us and departed WhiMi 
all the company hiwl tak<?n leave, I u^^ktid my witc to 
explain to me the inscrutable mystery of the thurd 
bottle of rare old co^ac kbelled 1S12, 

"You see. dear," she n-pUetJ, "it -wm like thw, 
Tlie first butth* came, tturt-^Iy enungb, from Mr. Jiinitw 
LorimiT Graiiam'& parcel; bat when auotlier bottle 
wan called for I jubt took oil' the label ivom bottle 
number two and panted it on a bottle of Briti^ 
brandy, of whicJi Me^^rs, B — . the well-known di*- 
tillers, >ieut you a eoupli^ of c)ozen this momiug; 

THB CLEkKlC.^iiri-JLL RXVL03roy. 


ftod I aKtml ill [>rern»r*Iy iJie t<&\»t^ iiMniif*r wli<*n I 
Hent tlii-ni tht^ tliinl tjotilc. So joii ser fluit yoU 
bfivi; still one bottk *>!' the mrc wid iio^iuic left. ' 
Now the British bmndy of that epoch wan what 
U known in diGtillin^' circloH as "gin-wash," flavoured 
with Hit beat Fri'iuOi <'Oi>n^ic. It Ik wry ni*-'^' indeed, 
but not wry poUiii; -md that fiiL't TJiiiy ficcouiit lor 
tht' t'xemplary sobriL-iv oC tht- tww actor-iiiHiiiij^ra 
vrheti they left The Terract?, Putney. JJuckstoiie 
in [Kirticular wm — ad n friend who HCCoiupunii;(] 
thorn to the stiitloii t<jM me — *' iis right aj^ a triict." 
On their wiiy a littk' boy askod him the time of 
day; t*> which query the comedian, quoting Sb;ike- 
s|iean\ replied, "Time to be hnin-'it" — a n*aliy 
^LrikiiL^ iiiteLlt-cLu!i1 ttfTtfrt, I iaki* it, ntit;v Uic 
con?«uiDption of so much bmndy nud water, even 
though it were nritish. 

lo describi' my life during 186^ would be only to 
chronicle so many days:, weeks, and months of bard but 
pleasant work; >^o many hiinflrcds of holders xvritten; 
Wj many public* functions df.rsmb(?d, so many pieture 
fxliibitions criticised and bdok** reviewed. We nioved 
from I'utncy, first biw^k to Shiiiur Strr*(-t; ;tiid tln^n 
to a house ill Tliistlc Orovc, now l>myton Ottrdcn». 
BrOmptou. In Thistle Gtovc, nearly opposite to our 
houi5e, lived si family by the name of Bloxam, the 
bead of which was a wine merchant, who waa the 
soii-in-hiw cjf Mr Thoniit7>i Kohi*rU, a thotj woll-known 
i*olicit«r in Sprin|^ UardcuB. with whmn I hud hwu for 
a long time on term?* of intimate- friendship. Some 
time in l^6S Mr. Uloxam. whom we frequently visited, 
and who, with \n» wife and r<iMt<^r. as frequently visited 
us, Ix-^'iiri Ut tidl im.' uf u lawHuit which mi^^bt. hi: mk'D 
€ X^y com« on, and whidi would nmko, bo thought, 
a coniitderahle t;tir in the public mind. A cliimaut to 
the ancient BHmnetcy uf Tichl>orup, so be iiifuinied me, 
had iirrived from AiiKtralia, whert^, at a placf^ called 




Wog^-Wogga, and under ttie uumc of 'Llioiiiita Ui% 
be had earned on the busmesa of a butcliiT. 

The Claimant**! ca»<* wa* that he aiid ei^ht of the 
oruxv Hvre %si\ts\ iToni the wrecl; ot" a ship called the 
Sfflff ; Unit ho wvui lu AustrH.1i]i> 'iriil llvtil tln-rc for 
fourteen ye&Tn under the njime of Ciutro; and thftt 
he was married in Jaouar}. l^tiS, ^ Castro, but in 
July of IIk^ pamt" year a* Tichborne- In i^tJJ hia 
claim wiVH rec*;gnist?d by Ihi* DowugcT L&dy Tict- 
bonte^ who hxa atlverti>»ed for her 1oiig-li>»t >x>a, 
fonnerly un oiBcer iii a cavaby re^iment^ No othvr 
menibers cif the laniily i:v)uld lie bmuglit to accept 
him ; but Sir OhllVird CanstiLbk' itnd wmr of hU 
brother ofliccrs did. A select circle of Ijcli^ver^t in 
the Claimant was gradually formed; and I found, one 
evening, at Mr ]Mo,\am'H, Li>rd Rivcrn, whom T had 
knowiL years Ijefbro im the Honourable UoRure Pitt^ 
His ».i«ter, the Houourablv Harrit't Pitt, hail h<-eii une 
of the Quern's Maid^j uf H(>fiour. Another £etfluii» 
frieud of the Claimant was Mr Quildford Onslow. M.P.. 
who ifl said to have l)ai3ked him tu t]ie extent of nearly 
fifteen thoiidaad punud^ ; Aud umoug lii^ otltcr influential 
friends the namc8 of Mr. Quartcrmaine Eiwt lujd Mr. 
Biddulph recur to me. Most of thwe gentlemen wen* 
frequently to be found at Blaxam's. What the last- 
named worthy pi^rty had to do with the btisineiis T 
um unable to swj with certainty. Possibly he UM^y 
have bad some share in organising those celcbrakd 
Tichbornc boudn, the holder» of which were to be 
n^iinbnr^cd when the Claimant recovered his title 
aTid ei^tatois. 

Tliiti bulky iitijrant I did not >»ee in Uu* iWh until 
ISflU. Tn lS(<rhe was mainly in Pjirih in attendiincf 
i>ti the l;uly wlm believed that h^' wjts her sou. With 
rei^ard to Mr iJloxam, I am fully persuaded in my 
mind that ho had an entire belief that t\ic then corpulent 
Claimant waa not Arthur Orton, formerly of V 



chapel, butcher, aod that he was Roger Charles Doughty 
TichborDe, son and heir of Sir James Tichbome, Baronet^ 
who — Boger — was born in 1&29, partially educated in 
France and at Stonyhurst College ; who sailed for 
Valparaiso, South America, in 1853, and who left 
Rio de Janeiro in the Sella, which foundered at sea in 
1854. I knew Mr. Bloxam very well, and I had 
at no time any reason to doubt his candour and 
int^^ty. That which I subsequently saw of the 
Claimant I shall relate in its proper place. 


It U a wliiumii'al tact tlint rtr^jeat^Mlly. daring cny 
car^r. I have been solicited by theatrical mao^^vrf 
to writo pieces {i>T tlicm ; but I Imve nover be^n abW to 
couvinoc thcnk that, although I kuow » good deal tibout 
the stope and itc wa}'9. I hure uot within mi* thi^ ^tulT 
for makin^f a Bucoesslal playwri^bt; *w^ing. as I liave 
ftiid nn^re than <mej*. entirely devoid of the fainiUy of 
ifiiAif^itmtiuii, ^iid iiicii^rabhf of csmftt meting |ilotA- At 
all evcnb*. the knowlrdgc of my deKcicnci^:^ in thi« 
respect ba^^ Haved me from the humiliution of huvij;^ 
a phiy refused. Tbe few which I have writtt'n were 
not pri>[K»;4>d by m«, but by tbe nianai^erai themwlves; 
uml tlK-y wei\T all, in tlieir way, HUcC4i»*ful. It !# tnifl 
that Wtrn now I »jo my way to tliv <N)inpf»sition of 
an hiHtorinal irsigf^dy^ but not a Hue of it baa be^i 
cum mil. {.I'd U^ \vA\ivx, My good friend Sir Augastus 
Harria waii kind ciiougb ti> approve of tbe idea; but a« 
it wc»uld coat ab^ut four thousand poundM tfU'rling 1o 
brin^ out tbe pieTO with adequate ep«ctaculnr effect. 
Sir Augutitus sicarc-^Iy see* hi« way to prcKluoji^ nij 
tjj^edy at tbe Tbt*utrv Koyal, l>rury Lane. 

N«vertbelt*ji?i, I tboii^ht lb;it tlicrc would be no bwm 
iu seeing what Mr. Labouchcrc was like. An appoint* 
mcnt with him was made to meet llailtday and myscif 
ut ten o'clock one evening, in hlA private room at the 
theatre. Ho w^i^ tlu-n one i^f the Members for the 
County of Middlorx, He i^trurk